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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677230/calcification-response-of-a-key-phytoplankton-family-to-millennial-scale-environmental-change
#1
H L O McClelland, N Barbarin, L Beaufort, M Hermoso, P Ferretti, M Greaves, R E M Rickaby
Coccolithophores are single-celled photosynthesizing marine algae, responsible for half of the calcification in the surface ocean, and exert a strong influence on the distribution of carbon among global reservoirs, and thus Earth's climate. Calcification in the surface ocean decreases the buffering capacity of seawater for CO2, whilst photosynthetic carbon fixation has the opposite effect. Experiments in culture have suggested that coccolithophore calcification decreases under high CO2 concentrations ([CO2(aq)]) constituting a negative feedback...
September 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335070/from-the-editors-education-in-reproductive-biology
#2
Francesco J DeMayo, Thomas E Spencer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27003670/hookah-smoking-behavior-initiation-in-the-context-of-millennials
#3
G Castañeda, T E Barnett, E K Soule, M E Young
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine current hookah users' perceptions, attitudes, and normative beliefs regarding hookah smoking to further elucidate the rise in hookah smoking prevalence among young adults (aged 18-24 years) and reveal why hookah smoking is perceived as less harmful than other forms of tobacco consumption. STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative. METHODS: Data from six focus group interviews with hookah smokers aged between 18 and 24 years were analyzed using a grounded theory approach...
August 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26927777/cultural-sensibility
#4
Sally N Ellis Fletcher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26202998/the-domestication-of-amazonia-before-european-conquest
#5
REVIEW
Charles R Clement, William M Denevan, Michael J Heckenberger, André Braga Junqueira, Eduardo G Neves, Wenceslau G Teixeira, William I Woods
During the twentieth century, Amazonia was widely regarded as relatively pristine nature, little impacted by human history. This view remains popular despite mounting evidence of substantial human influence over millennial scales across the region. Here, we review the evidence of an anthropogenic Amazonia in response to claims of sparse populations across broad portions of the region. Amazonia was a major centre of crop domestication, with at least 83 native species containing populations domesticated to some degree...
August 7, 2015: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25940736/changes-in-american-adults-sexual-behavior-and-attitudes-1972-2012
#6
Jean M Twenge, Ryne A Sherman, Brooke E Wells
In the nationally representative General Social Survey, U.S. Adults (N = 33,380) in 2000-2012 (vs. the 1970s and 1980s) had more sexual partners, were more likely to have had sex with a casual date or pickup or an acquaintance, and were more accepting of most non-marital sex (premarital sex, teen sex, and same-sex sexual activity, but not extramarital sex). The percentage who believed premarital sex among adults was "not wrong at all" was 29 % in the early 1970s, 42 % in the 1980s and 1990s, 49 % in the 2000s, and 58 % between 2010 and 2012...
November 2015: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25137778/generation-1-5-a-different-kind-of-millennial-student
#7
Emily J Davidson
Much attention has been paid to so-called "millennial students" in recent years, particularly regarding their relationship to technology, learning, and communication. Less notice has been taken of another kind of millennial student increasingly represented in our classrooms --those who were born in another country, but received a significant amount of their schooling here. Often referred to as Generation 1.5 because they have language characteristics in common with first- and second-generation immigrants, these bilingual students are a valuable resource for the physician assistant (PA) profession...
2011: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24882772/online-cultural-competency-education-for-millennial-dental-students
#8
Lorraine Evans, Philip J Hanes
Teaching cultural competence is now an educational requirement for U.S. dental curricula to meet 2013 accreditation standards. The question now is, given time restrictions, limited resources, and budget constraints faced by the majority of dental schools, how can they provide effective cultural competency education to prepare future dental professionals? An additional concern regarding instruction is the recent focus on techniques to engage Millennial learners since this generation is characterized as technologically savvy with a preference for multimedia and general dislike of traditional lectures...
June 2014: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24693641/experience-vs-expectation-potential-culture-clash-as-formerly-independent-doctors-take-jobs-alongside-millennials
#9
Melanie Evans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2014: Modern Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23637277/generational-changes-in-materialism-and-work-centrality-1976-2007-associations-with-temporal-changes-in-societal-insecurity-and-materialistic-role-modeling
#10
Jean M Twenge, Tim Kasser
We examined whether culture-level indices of threat, instability, and materialistic modeling were linked to the materialistic values of American 12th graders between 1976 and 2007 (N = 355,296). Youth materialism (such as the importance of money and of owning expensive material items) increased over the generations, peaking in the late 1980s to early 1990s with Generation X and then staying at historically high levels for Millennials (GenMe). Societal instability and disconnection (e.g., unemployment, divorce) and social modeling (e...
July 2013: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23051072/next-generation-of-psychiatrists-what-is-needed-in-training
#11
Carol A Bernstein, Dinesh Bhugra
Populations can be divided into generations. Each generation has its own characteristics and even though not every member of the same generation will share characteristics with other members of that generation, it is possible to identify generational differences. Generations frequently have different values and varying styles of functioning and learning. Since the Second World War, the generations can be divided into four cohorts: the Veterans, the Baby Boomers, Generation X, and the Millennials. Each generation has a collective identity and, in addition to understanding cultural and ethnic differences, these generational differences should also be taken into account in the teaching arena...
June 2011: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22677114/interdisciplinary-cultural-competency-and-culturally-congruent-education-for-millennials-in-health-professions
#12
Souzan Hawala-Druy, Mary H Hill
The increasingly diverse multicultural and multigenerational student population in the United States requires that educators at all levels develop cultural knowledge, awareness, and sensitivity to help diverse learners fulfill their potential and to avoid cultural misunderstandings that can become obstacles or barriers to learning. The purpose of this study was to design and implement eclectic, creative, evidence-based interdisciplinary educational activities, along with culturally congruent teaching strategies, within a semester-long university course that promoted positive and culturally competent learning outcomes for culturally diverse, largely millennial students...
October 2012: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22670648/the-bid-the-lead-up-the-event-and-the-legacy-global-cultural-politics-and-hosting-the-olympics
#13
David Rowe
Hosting mega sport events, especially the Olympics, demands an extensive engagement with global civil society given the voluntary, highly mediated exposure of host cities and nations to the world. The philosophy of Olympism requires ethical authority in demonstrating 'fitness' to host the Games, so demanding intensive strategic image management. Offensive and defensive mobilization of image-dependent 'species of power' in the field of sport (in a Bourdieusian sense) in conducting 'wars of position and movement' (following Gramsci) within global civil society are, then, crucial features of competitive manoeuvres around staging major sport events...
June 2012: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22288944/twelve-tips-for-facilitating-millennials-learning
#14
David H Roberts, Lori R Newman, Richard M Schwartzstein
BACKGROUND: The current, so-called "Millennial" generation of learners is frequently characterized as having deep understanding of, and appreciation for, technology and social connectedness. This generation of learners has also been molded by a unique set of cultural influences that are essential for medical educators to consider in all aspects of their teaching, including curriculum design, student assessment, and interactions between faculty and learners. AIM:  The following tips outline an approach to facilitating learning of our current generation of medical trainees...
2012: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21628586/abrupt-holocene-climate-change-as-an-important-factor-for-human-migration-in-west-greenland
#15
William J D'Andrea, Yongsong Huang, Sherilyn C Fritz, N John Anderson
West Greenland has had multiple episodes of human colonization and cultural transitions over the past 4,500 y. However, the explanations for these large-scale human migrations are varied, including climatic factors, resistance to adaptation, economic marginalization, mercantile exploration, and hostile neighborhood interactions. Evaluating the potential role of climate change is complicated by the lack of quantitative paleoclimate reconstructions near settlement areas and by the relative stability of Holocene temperature derived from ice cores atop the Greenland ice sheet...
June 14, 2011: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21190068/millennial-medical-anthropology-from-there-to-here-and-beyond-or-the-problem-of-global-health
#16
Atwood D Gaines
While much of Medical Anthropology was and is what we can call "Normal" (following Kuhn) Medical Anthropology, I coined the term Millennial Medical Anthropology for that branch of the discipline that, in the 1990s, was departing from the Normal research paradigms and was deserving of a distinct sobriquet. This paper considers the Strong Program in Medical Anthropology's Millennial Medical Anthropology and its key subdivisions, the Cultural Studies of Science and Cultural Bioethics. Specifically it considers Medical Anthropology's movement from the past into an ethical future wherein Normal Biomedicine, Bioethics and Global Health are problematized...
March 2011: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20502510/millennials-and-the-world-of-work-the-impact-of-obesity-on-health-and-productivity
#17
Shari L Barkin, William J Heerman, Michael D Warren, Christina Rennhoff
PURPOSE: Thirty states now report one in three children between 10-17 years of age are either overweight or obese. This disturbing trend will have lasting implications for our children, specifically those known as the Millennial generation born between 1982 and 1993. APPROACH: Utilizing evidence in the existing literature, we created an economic model to predict the impact of obesity on the aggregate lifetime earnings for the Millennial generation and the consequences for employers and employees. We provide case reports on successful business strategies that speak to the classic characteristics of the Millennials...
June 2010: Journal of Business and Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20007492/do-dental-hygiene-students-fit-the-learning-profile-of-the-millennial-student
#18
Christine M Blue
Differences in learning and the cultural context of our students' life experiences are important variables that faculty members need to understand in order to be effective in the classroom. Faculty members are finding that millennial students' approaches to learning are often vastly different from their own and as a result feel frustrated in their ability to help these students with their learning needs. Cultivating awareness of how today's dental hygiene student learns as well as the millennial learner profile can help faculty members address this educational challenge...
December 2009: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19846256/gold-coal-and-oil
#19
Sergio U Dani
Jared Diamond has hypothesized that guns, germs and steel account for the fate of human societies. Here I propose an extension of Diamond's hypothesis and put it in other terms and dimensions: gold, coal and oil account not only for the fate of human societies but also for the fate of mankind through the bodily accumulation of anthropogenic arsenic, an invisible weapon of mass extinction and evolutionary change. The background is clear; arsenic species fulfill seven criteria for a weapon of mass extinction and evolutionary change: (i) bioavailability to all living organisms; (ii) imperceptibility; (iii) acute toxicity; (iv) bioaccumulation and chronic toxicity; (v) adverse impact on reproductive fitness and reproductive outcomes and early-age development and growth in a wide range of microbial, plant and animal species including man; (vi) widespread geographical distribution, mobility and ecological persistence on a centennial to millennial basis and (vii) availability in necessary and sufficient amounts to exert evolutionarily meaningful effects...
March 2010: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19094111/attaining-organizational-commitment-across-different-generations-of-nurses
#20
REVIEW
Lara Carver, Lori Candela
AIM: To inform nurse managers about the generational differences that exist among nurses, how it affects the work environment and how this information can be used to encourage organizational commitment. BACKGROUND: Every person is born into a generational cohort of peers who experience similar life experiences that go on to shape distinct generational characteristics. Thanks to delayed retirements, mid-life career changes, job re-entry and a small but significant group of younger graduates, the nursing profession is now experiencing four generations in the workforce: Veterans, Baby Boomers, Generation X and the Millennial Generation...
November 2008: Journal of Nursing Management
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