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spasticity physiotherapy

Evhen Y Strashko, Аnna A Kapustianska, Lyudmyla E Bobyreva
Matters of physical and medical rehabilitation of children with organic lesions of the nervous system, in particular, with cerebral palsy, are actual in countries around the world. Hippotherapy is neurophysiologically oriented therapy using horses. Determine whether a combination of hippotherapy as a method of rehabilitation in the aftermath of outpatient comprehensive impact on MS on a stationary phase; Study of the effect of hippotherapy as securing and preparation method for learning new postures and movements in children with spastic cerebral palsy forms; The study of the possible optimization of psychophysical state, activation motivations of patients; Determination of the optimal timing of hippotherapy sessions, the number of procedures, the study of possible fatigue factor children...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Songül Atasavun Uysal, Gül Baltaci
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at assessing how the addition of Nintendo Wii(™) (NW) system to the traditional therapy influences occupational performance, balance, and daily living activities in children with spastic hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study is a single-blind and randomized trial involving 24 children aged 6-14 years, classified as level I or II on the Gross Motor Function Classification System. The children were allocated into two groups: an intervention and a control group, and their families participated in the study...
October 5, 2016: Games for Health
B Salazard, C Philandrianos, B Tekpa
"Palsy of the upper limb" in children includes various diseases which leads to hypomobility of the member: cerebral palsy, arthrogryposis and obstetrical brachial plexus palsy. These pathologies which differ on brain damage or not, have the same consequences due to the early achievement: negligence, stiffness and deformities. Regular entire clinical examination of the member, an assessment of needs in daily life, knowledge of the social and family environment, are key points for management. In these pathologies, the rehabilitation is an emergency, which began at birth and intensively...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Mourad Aderkichi, Fatma Malek
OBJECTIVE: Orthopedic disorders of IMC walking children associated with other disorders of posture and movement get progressively worse with growth causing major deformations that can impede walking from the age of 2 years. The treatments implemented by physiotherapy, botulinum toxin and multi-site surgery significantly improve the functional prognosis of these children. The goal is to evaluate the fate of children who have not benefited from multi-site surgeries that have benefited from physiotherapy, stretching casts botulinum toxin and tenotomy on one or two sites...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Flavia Coroian, Jérôme Froger, H-Y Bonnin Koang, Claire Jourdan, Karima Bakhti, Marc Julia, Audrey Jaussent, Christian Hérisson, Isabelle Laffont
OBJECTIVE: The sensori-motor impairment of upper limb (UL) affects more than 50% of patients after stroke. The objective of this work was to study the efficiency of isokinetic muscle strengthening (IMS) in the chronic phase of stroke in this population. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients underwent 6 weeks of outpatient rehabilitation, 3 days per week, combining physiotherapy (twice/day) and occupational therapy every day. The program was completed by 30 minutes elbow and wrist concentric slow speed IMS of flexor and extensor muscles, in the study group versus 30 minutes passive mobilisation of the joints carried out by the same isokinetic dynamometer in the control group...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
R Garreta-Figuera, A Torrequebrada-Gimenez, En Representacion Del Grupo de Estudio 5e En Representacion Del Grupo de Estudio 5e
INTRODUCTION: Although spasticity is a disabling complication of high incidence, there is a lack of either regional or national epidemiological studies in Spain evaluating its management. AIM: To evaluate the management of spasticity in Spain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An epidemiological, observational, multicenter, and retrospective study involving 49 rehabilitation services of public and private hospitals was designed. RESULTS: Two hundred and thirty-five patients from 49 centers, with evidence of upper (UL) or lower limb (LL) spasticity with one valid baseline visit and at least one follow-up visit, were included...
October 1, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Mina Kashi, Soofia Naghdi
OBJECTIVE: To adapt the Spinal Cord Injury Spasticity Evaluation Tool (SCI-SET) into the Persian language (SCI-SETp) and to examine the reliability and validity of the SCI-SETp in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: A cross-sectional and prospective cohort validation study. SETTING: University Neurological Physiotherapy Clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients with SCI. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: SCI-SET...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Michelangelo Bartolo, Adriano CHIò, Sergio Ferrari, Cristina Tassorelli, Stefano Tamburin, Micol Avenali, Eva Azicnuda, Andrea Calvo, Augusto T Caraceni, Giovanni Defazio, Roberto DE Icco, Rita Formisano, Simone Franzoni, Elena Greco, Iwona Jedrychowska, Francesca Magrinelli, Umberto Manera, Enrico Marchioni, Sara Mariotto, Salvatore Monaco, Andrea Pace, Donatella Saviola, Isabella Springhetti, Michele Tinazzi, Antonio DE Tanti
BACKGROUND: Pain is an important non-motor symptom in several neurological diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, cervical dystonia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, severe acquired brain injury, disorders of consciousness and dementia, as well as in oncology and neuroinfectivology. AIMS: To overcome the lack of evidence-based data on pain management in these diseases, the Italian Consensus Conference on Pain in Neurorehabilitation (ICCPN) defined criteria for good clinical practice among Italian neurorehabilitation professionals...
August 31, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Michael Barnes, Serdar Kocer, Manuel Murie Fernandez, Jovita Balcaitiene, Klemens Fheodoroff
PURPOSE: To better understand patient perspectives on the life impact of spasticity. METHODS: Global Internet survey (April 2014-May 2015) of 281 people living with spasticity. RESULTS: Respondents indicated that spasticity has a broad impact on their daily-life: 72% reported impact on quality of life, 44% reported loss of independence and 44% reported depression. Most respondents (64%) were cared for by family members, of whom half had stopped working or reduced their hours...
July 6, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Aaron K Chan, Heather Finlayson, Patricia B Mills
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review randomized controlled trials of botulinum neurotoxin for limb spasticity to determine whether different injection techniques affect spasticity outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials electronic databases were searched for English language human randomized controlled trials from 1990 to 13 May 2016. Studies were assessed in duplicate for data extraction and risk of bias using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database scale and graded according to Sackett's levels of evidence...
July 1, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Gavin Williams, Louise Ada, Leanne Hassett, Meg E Morris, Ross Clark, Adam L Bryant, John Olver
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of disability in young adults aged 15 to 45 years. Mobility limitations are prevalent, and range in severity from interfering with basic day-to-day tasks to restricting participation in higher level social, leisure, employment and sporting activities. Despite the prevalence and severity of physical impairments, such as poor balance and spasticity, the main contributor to mobility limitations following traumatic brain injury is low muscle power generation...
July 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
Walid A Abdel Ghany, Mohamed Nada, Mahmoud A Mahran, Ahmed Aboud, Moustafa G Mahran, Marwa A A Nasef, Mohamed Gaber, Tamer Sabry, Mohamed H Ibrahim, Mohamed H Taha
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) can present with severe secondary dystonia with or without associated spasticity of their extremities. OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcomes of combined anterior and posterior lumbar rhizotomy for the treatment of mixed hypertonia in the lower extremities of children with CP. METHODS: Fifty children with CP were subjected to combined anterior and posterior lumbar rhizotomies in a prospective study...
September 2016: Neurosurgery
Ola A Dabbous, Yousry M Mostafa, Hossam A El Noamany, Shrouk A El Shennawy, Mohammed A El Bagoury
Laser acupuncture is widely used as an alternative line of treatment in several chronic pediatric diseases. To investigate whether biostimulation by low-level laser on acupuncture points adds a clinical benefit to conventional physiotherapy in hemiplegic spastic cerebral palsy (CP) children. Forty spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy children by age 1-4 years were chosen from the pediatric outpatient clinic of the National Institute of Laser Enhanced Sciences (NILES), Cairo University, and Menofyia University hospitals...
August 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Kristina Löwing, Karin Thews, Yvonne Haglund-Åkerlind, Elena M Gutierrez-Farewik
AIMS: To evaluate short and long-term effects of botulinum toxin-A combined with goal-directed physiotherapy in children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: A consecutive selection of 40 children, ages 4-12 years, diagnosed with unilateral or bilateral CP, and classified in GMFCS levels I-II. During the 24 months, 9 children received one BoNT-A injection, 10 children two injections, 11 children three injections, and 10 children received four injections. 3D gait analysis, goal-attainment scaling, and body function assessments were performed before and at 3, 12, and 24 months after initial injections...
April 8, 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
V Prakash, Anjali M Patel, K Hariohm, Robert J Palisano
AIM: Describe and compare the caregiver strain experienced among Indian mothers of children and young adults with cerebral palsy (CP) living in low resource settings. METHODS: 62 consecutive children and young adults with spastic CP (mean age 6.0 ± 4.5, range 2-21) and their parents were recruited from an outpatient physiotherapy department for this cross-sectional study. Ability to walk was classified using the Gross Motor Function Classification System and mother's caregiver strain was measured using caregiver strain index (CSI)...
March 16, 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Vito Pavone, Gianluca Testa, Domenico A Restivo, Luca Cannavò, Giuseppe Condorelli, Nicola M Portinaro, Giuseppe Sessa
CP is the most common cause of chronic disability in childhood occurring in 2-2.5/1000 births. It is a severe disorder and a significant number of patients present cognitive delay and difficulty in walking. The use of botulinum toxin (BTX) has become a popular treatment for CP especially for spastic and dystonic muscles while avoiding deformity and pain. Moreover, the combination of physiotherapy, casting, orthotics and injection of BTX may delay or decrease the need for surgical intervention while reserving single-event, multi-level surgery for fixed musculotendinous contractures and bony deformities in older children...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
R Mukhopadhyay, M Mahadevappa, P K Lenka, A Biswas
In the present study we have evaluated the electroencephalogram (EEG) signal recorded during ankle dorsal and plantar flexion in children with spastic Cerebral Palsy (CP) after Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) of the Tibialis Anterior (TA) muscles. The intervention group had 10 children with spastic diaplegic/hemiplegic CP within the age group of 5 to 14 years of age who received both FES for 30 minutes and the conventional physiotherapy for 30 minutes a day, while the control group had 5 children who received only conventional physiotherapy for 60(30 + 30) minutes a day only...
2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Meizhen Huang, Lin-Rong Liao, Marco Yc Pang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of whole-body vibration on spasticity among people with central nervous system disorders. METHODS: Electronic searches were conducted using CINAHL, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, PubMed, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus and Scopus to identify randomized controlled trials that investigated the effect of whole-body vibration on spasticity among people with central nervous system disorders (last search in August 2015)...
December 11, 2015: Clinical Rehabilitation
Marvulli Riccardo, Lopopolo Angela, Dantone Angela, Palmisano Vita, Lancioni Giulio, Fiore Pietroq, Ianieri Giancarlo, Megna Marisa
The Hereditary Spastic Paraparesis (HSP) or Strumpell-Lorrain disease is a heterogeneous neurodegenerative disease of the spinal cord. It is genetically transmitted and characterized by a progressive muscle weakness, spasticity of the lower limbs and awkward gain. There is no specific pharmacological treatment. The pharmacological therapy decreases the muscle tone and prevents stiffening). Physiotherapy restrains the progression of muscle atrophy, delays contraction of the tendons and gives greater mobility to people affected by the disease...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Patrick Vermersch
Guidelines from both the German and Spanish Neurology Societies for managing patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) spasticity emphasize the importance of setting clear objectives and use evidence levels and grades to support their recommendations. Swedish guidelines for MS spasticity also reflect the need to establish treatment aims and recommend use of validated scales to measure symptom changes. Treatment of generalized MS spasticity, beyond physiotherapy, tends to begin with baclofen, tizanidine and/or diazepam, adding Sativex (THC:CBD) oromucosal spray for moderate-to-severe cases...
2015: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
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