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neurotrophic keratitis

Leonardo Mastropasqua, Giacomina Massaro-Giordano, Mario Nubile, Marta Sacchetti
Neurotrophic keratitis (NK) is a rare degenerative disease of the cornea caused by trigeminal nerve damage, which leads to loss of corneal sensitivity, corneal epithelium breakdown, and poor healing. Though extremely uncommon, NK is increasingly recognized for its characteristics as a distinct and well-defined clinical entity rather than a rare complication of various diseases that can disrupt trigeminal innervation. Indeed, the defining feature of NK is loss of corneal sensitivity, and its clinical findings do not correlate with the wide range of systemic or ocular conditions that underlie trigeminal nerve damage...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Takefumi Yamaguchi, Pedram Hamrah, Jun Shimazaki
This review summarizes the recent literature regarding corneal imaging in human subjects using in vivo confocal microscopy. It also covers the recent literature on corneal immune cells, nerves, and tear cytokine levels in ocular surface diseases as well as corneal immune privilege. The significance of interactions between corneal immune cells and nerves in health, neurotrophic keratopathy, and infectious keratitis is discussed. Furthermore, bilateral alterations of immune cells and nerves in clinically unilateral corneal diseases and the link to changes of tear cytokines or neuropeptide levels in contralateral eyes are described...
November 2016: Cornea
Ana J Chucair-Elliott, Jeremy Jinkins, Meghan M Carr, Daniel J J Carr
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a leading cause of neurotrophic keratitis characterized by decreased corneal sensation because of damage to the corneal sensory fibers. We and others have reported regression of corneal nerves during acute HSV-1 infection. To determine whether denervation is caused directly by the virus or indirectly by the elicited immune response, mice were infected with HSV-1 and topically treated with dexamethasone (DEX) or control eye drops. Corneal sensitivity was measured using a Cochet-Bonnet esthesiometer and nerve network structure via immunohistochemistry...
October 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Mehmet Erol Can, Gamze Dereli Can, Nurullah Cagil, Hasan Basri Cakmak, Nuran Sungu
PURPOSE: To report the clinical and histopathological results of a novel autologous scaffold grafting, platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane, in cases with descemetocele. METHODS: Three patients with severe corneal stromal melting and central descemetocele caused by neurotrophic keratopathy and infective keratitis underwent PRF membrane grafting on the central cornea for the prevention of imminent corneal perforation. After a quiescent 3-month period, penetrating keratoplasty and cataract extraction were performed for visual rehabilitation in 1 patient and host corneal tissue was examined histopathologically...
September 2016: Cornea
Samir Jabbour, Mona Harissi-Dagher
PURPOSE: To report the ocular findings of a rare case of mutation in the nuclear-encoded mitochondrial aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase IARS2. METHODS: A 33-year-old woman known for infantile cataracts, growth hormone deficiency, sensory neuropathy, sensorineural hearing loss, and skeletal dysplasia was referred to us for multiple failed corneal grafts and severe eye dryness. RESULTS: The patient was found to have neurotrophic keratitis and corneal opacification...
June 2016: Cornea
Hongmin Yun, Kira L Lathrop, Robert L Hendricks
PURPOSE: Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a neurotrophic virus that can cause herpes stromal keratitis (HSK), a severe corneal inflammation that can lead to corneal scarring and blindness. This study identified neurologic changes that occur in HSV-1-infected corneas and related them to HSV-1-induced immunopathology. METHODS: Corneas of BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice were infected with HSV-1 strains that induce HSK. Changes in sensory nerves were identified by immunofluorescence staining of sensory and sympathetic nerves for substance P (SP) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), respectively, and confocal microscopic examination...
April 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Antonio Agresta, Romina Fasciani, Luca Padua, Sergio Petroni, Ilaria La Torraca, Anna Dickmann, Giuseppe Zampino, Aldo Caporossi
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the cytokine receptor-like factor 1 (CRLF1) gene are responsible for Crisponi/Cold-induced Sweat Syndrome, an extremely rare autosomal-recessive multisystem disorder. The protein encoded is a soluble cytokine receptor, involved in the ciliary neurotrophic factor receptor (CNTFR) pathway. The ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) promotes corneal wound healing and patients with Crisponi/CISS1 syndrome suffer from recurrent keratitis. The aim of the study was to report and discuss the corneal alterations in Crisponi/CISS1 rare disease...
April 7, 2016: Ophthalmic Genetics
Á Fernández-Vega González, R I Barraquer Compte, A L Cárcamo Martínez, M Torrico Delgadillo, M F de la Paz
OBJECTIVE: To study the relationship between treatment with diode laser transscleral cyclophotocoagulation and development a neurotrophic keratitis due to the damage of the sensitive corneal innervation. METHODS: A study was conducted on 5 eyes of 5 patients who were treated with diode laser transscleral cyclophotocoagulation and soon developed neurotrophic ulcers. Personal characteristics of the patients were collected, as well as refraction and risk factors for corneal hypoesthesia, and the parameters of the laser used in the surgery...
July 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
Koray Gumus
PURPOSE: The management of nonhealing corneal ulcers, particularly in patients with neurotrophic corneas, remains a challenging problem today. Some patients may fail to respond to conventional therapy, making new alternative agents necessary to treat these resistant cases. In this article, we aim to present six challenging cases of refractory corneal ulcers that revealed healing response to the adjuvant treatment with coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) eye drops and to review the literature examining of new therapeutic agents...
January 16, 2016: Eye & Contact Lens
A M Muñoz-Hernández, E Santos-Bueso, R Cuiña-Sardiña, D Díaz-Valle, J A Gegúndez-Fernández, J M Benítez-del-Castillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
C Auchère Lavayssiere, A-L Lux, A Degoumois, M Stchepinsky Launay, E Denion
INTRODUCTION: Circumferential (360°) endophotocoagulation is frequently implemented during vitrectomies for retinal detachment. This photocoagulation may result in neurotrophic keratitis by damaging the ciliary nerves in the suprachoroidal space on their way to the pupil. We report a series of 4 cases of neurotrophic keratitis following a circumferential endophotocoagulation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective observational case series of 4 non-diabetic patients having presented with a neurotrophic keratitis following a retinal detachment treated with vitrectomy and circumferential endophotocoagulation (532 nm) at Caen University Hospital...
February 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Giuseppe Giannaccare, Michela Fresina, Aldo Vagge, Piera Versura
This report describes a case of a 72-year-old Caucasian woman presenting with a large neurotrophic keratitis with a large persistent epithelial defect, with a longest linear diameter of 7 mm and greatest perpendicular width of 5 mm, affecting epithelium, Bowman membrane, and anterior stroma. Corneal disease was resistant to conventional treatment and classified as stage 2 according to Mackie classification. Patient was instructed to instill regenerating agent (RGTA) eye drops in the morning, as the first eye drop, once every 5 days in combination with daily cord blood serum (CBS) eye drops 6 times/day...
2015: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Flavio Mantelli, Chiara Nardella, Eloisa Tiberi, Marta Sacchetti, Alice Bruscolini, Alessandro Lambiase
Neurotrophic keratitis (NK) is a rare degenerative disease of the cornea caused by an impairment of corneal sensory innervation, characterized by decreased or absent corneal sensitivity resulting in epithelial keratopathy, ulceration, and perforation. The aetiopathogenesis of corneal sensory innervation impairment in children recognizes the same range of causes as adults, although they are much less frequent in the pediatric population. Some extremely rare congenital diseases could be considered in the aetiopathogenesis of NK in children...
2015: BioMed Research International
Deepak Shukla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Antonio Mateo, Beatriz Abadía, Pilar Calvo, Enrique Minguez, Luis Pablo, José Manuel Benitez Del Castillo
BACKGROUND: This study was done to evaluate the visual and anatomical outcomes of topical regenerating agents as a novel therapy for neutrophic corneal ulcer (NCU) secondary to acanthamoeba infection. FINDINGS: A 20-year-old woman with a history of contact lens wear was referred to our hospital for keratitis after responding poorly to conventional treatment. In vivo confocal microscopy images suggested acanthamoeba keratitis with double-walled cysts in the anterior corneal stroma...
2015: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
B Seitz, A Heiligenhaus
In Europe, herpes simplex virus type I (HSV) is a common cause of keratitis. The disease may be well treated if the ophthalmologtist is aware of the various types of clinical expressions of this typical unilateral chameleon, and treatment is adjusted accordingly. Types of expression include: (i) epithelial keratitis (dendritica/geographica), (ii) stromal keratitis (necrotising vs. non-necrotising = "interstitial keratitis"), (iii) endotheliitis (= "disciform keratitis"), (iv) so-called "metaherpetic keratitis" (= neurotrophic keratopathy), (v) (vascularised) corneal scars...
June 2015: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Deepak Shukla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2015: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Jiucheng He, M Soledad Cortina, Azucena Kakazu, Haydee E P Bazan
PURPOSE: To compare a 44-mer pigment epithelial-derived factor (PEDF) peptide with neurotrophic activity, and a 34-mer PEDF with antiangiogenic properties in association with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in corneal nerve regeneration after experimental surgery. METHODS: A corneal stromal dissection was performed in rabbits. Treatment groups received topical 44-mer, 34-mer, or full PEDF plus DHA. Corneal sensitivity and Schirmer's test were performed weekly. Rabbits were euthanized at 2 and 4 days and 8 weeks...
June 2015: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Mahmoud Jabbarvand, Hesam Hashemian, Mehdi Khodaparast, Amin Rafatnejad, Amirhooshang Beheshtnejad, Amir Salami
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the ocular surface condition in herpetic interstitial stromal keratitis and neurotrophic ulcer groups and their normal fellow eyes. METHODS: In this observational, cross-sectional case-control study, 85 consecutive patients were included, including 56 cases of treated herpetic interstitial keratitis and 29 patients with neurotrophic ulcers. Fifty-six age- and sex-matched participants were also recruited from a normal population as the control group...
July 2015: Cornea
Virinder K Dhillon, Mohamed S Elalfy, Mouhamed Al-Aqaba, Ankur Gupta, Surajit Basu, Harminder S Dua
PURPOSE: To evaluate the corneal sub-basal nerve plexus in patients presenting with hypoesthesia following surgery for trigeminal neuralgia. METHODS: Twenty-one patients who had unilateral medically uncontrolled trigeminal neuralgia and underwent ipsilateral surgery from 2006 to 2012 were included. Of these, 10 had microvascular decompression (MVD group) and 11 had balloon compression of the trigeminal ganglion (BC group). Slit lamp examination, Cochet-Bonnet aesthesiometery and in vivo confocal microscopy were carried out on both eyes of each patient...
February 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
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