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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629824/making-room-for-second-language-phonotactics-effects-of-l2-learning-and-environment-on-first-language-speech-perception
#1
Matthew T Carlson
Language-specific restrictions on sound sequences in words can lead to automatic perceptual repair of illicit sound sequences. As an example, no Spanish words begin with /s/-consonant sequences ([#sC]), and where necessary (e.g., foreign loanwords) [#sC] is repaired by inserting an initial [e], (e.g. foreign loanwords, cf., esnob, from English snob). As a result, Spanish speakers tend to perceive an illusory [e] before [#sC] sequences. Interestingly, this perceptual illusion is weaker in early Spanish-English bilinguals, whose other language, English, allows [#sC]...
April 1, 2018: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452875/use-of-expanders-for-bowel-protection-in-pediatric-pelvic-tumor-radiation-therapy-15-years-of-tolerance-results
#2
Fernand Missohou
PURPOSE: Bowel is often the dose-limiting organ in curative pelvic irradiation because of radiation enteritis when dose exceeds 40 to 45 Gy. To limit radiation enteritis, a silicone tissue-expander prothesis (STEP) connected to a subcutaneous self-sealing valve was prospectively used in children undergoing pelvic or abdominal radiation therapy. This study reports the 15-year long-term outcomes of this prospective series. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between 1987 and 2008, 29 children from 3 Paris institutions received pelvic radiation therapy after surgical placement of a STEP in the pelvis...
December 14, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317951/parafunctional-behaviors-and-its-effect-on-dental-bridges
#3
REVIEW
Amal Alharby, Hanan Alzayer, Ahmed Almahlawi, Yazeed Alrashidi, Samaa Azhar, Maan Sheikho, Anas Alandijani, Amjad Aljohani, Manal Obied
Parafunctional behaviors, especially bruxism, are not uncommon among patient visiting dentists' clinics daily and they constitute a major dental issue for almost all dentists. Many researchers have focused on the definition, pathophysiology, and treatment of these behaviors. These parafunctional behaviors have a considerable negative impact on teeth and dental prothesis. In this review, we focused on the impact of parafunctional behaviors on dental bridges. We summarized the definitions, epidemiology, pathophysiology, and consequences of parafunctional behaviors...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239092/long-term-evaluation-of-quality-of-life-and-satisfaction-between-implant-bar-overdentures-and-conventional-complete-dentures-a-23-years-retrospective-study
#4
Mariano Sánchez-Siles, Jose Francisco Ballester-Ferrandis, Noemí Salazar-Sánchez, Francisco José Gómez-García, Román Moraleja-Ruiz, Fabio Camacho-Alonso
BACKGROUND: Dental implants have been used in edentulous jaws to improve the retention and stability of complete dentures. Attachment to the implants improves stability and function of the prostheses and increases patient satisfaction. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate quality of life and satisfaction between patients with implant overdentures and complete dentures for more than 20 years. METHODS: Forty patients with overdentures and 40 patients with conventional complete dentures were included in this study...
December 14, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017231/-long-term-follow-up-and-patient-satisfaction-after-tympanoplasty-with-titanium-clip-prothesis
#5
Guido Wolferts, Daniel Schicke, K-Wolfgang Delank
Aim of the present study is to evaluate the long term results of ossiculoplasty using titanium clip prosthesis. A retrospective analysis with prospective follow-up has been done including for all patients who had a Clip-PORP implanted between the years 2002-2013. Following this, audiometric hearing results were measured with clinical examination including otoscopy and quality of life evaluation using Glasgow benefit inventory. 48 patients (51 ears, 29 men, 19 women, average age 44.1 years) received followed up after an average duration of 6...
October 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872495/dislocated-dental-prothesis-sitting-at-the-larynx-in-an-aphasic-patient-potentially-fatal-situation
#6
Bilge Türk, Özlem Ünsal, Kerem Sami Kaya, Berna Uslu Coşkun
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body in respiration tract is a life-threatening emergency and requires urgent treatment. The diagnosis and treatment requires awareness and suspicion of signs and symptoms of foreign body aspiration. CASE: A unique case of total dental prothesis aspiration of a 44-year-old aphasic patient is presented. The prothesis is completely removed from the larynx. DISCUSSION: Foreign-body aspiration is frequently suspected in children, it is rarely thought about in adults with subacute or chronic respiratory symptoms unless an evident history of an aspiration event is obtained...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844528/association-between-implantation-depth-assessed-by-computed-tomography-and-new-onset-conduction-disturbances-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#7
João Gonçalves Almeida, Sara Moura Ferreira, Paulo Fonseca, Tiago Dias, Cláudio Guerreiro, Ana Raquel Barbosa, Pedro Teixeira, Mónica Carvalho, Wilson Ferreira, Nuno Dias Ferreira, Marco Oliveira, Helena Gonçalves, Pedro Braga, José Ribeiro, João Primo, Vasco Gama Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is often associated with intraventricular conduction disturbances. We aimed to determine the association between implantation depth assessed by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and new-onset conduction abnormalities after TAVR. METHODS: Retrospective single-center study including patients consecutively submitted to TAVR, between August/2007 and October/2016, who underwent routine MDCT 3 months after the procedure...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499303/-long-term-follow-up-and-patient-satisfaction-after-tympanoplasty-with-titanium-clip-prothesis
#8
Guido Wolferts, Daniel Schicke, K-Wolfgang Delank
Aim of the present study is to evaluate the long term results of ossiculoplasty using titanium clip prosthesis. A retrospective analysis with prospective follow-up has been done including for all patients who had a Clip-PORP implanted between the years 2002-2013. Following this, audiometric hearing results were measured with clinical examination including otoscopy and quality of life evaluation using Glasgow benefit inventory. 48 patients (51 ears, 29 men, 19 women, average age 44.1 years) received followed up after an average duration of 6...
May 12, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497734/-focusing-on-the-functional-impact-of-retinal-prothesis
#9
Sébastien Roux, Pierre Gascon, Pascale Pham, Frédéric Matonti, Frédéric Chavane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416826/-surgical-technique-and-early-clinical-outcomes-of-direct-anterior-approach-to-total-hip-arthroplasty
#10
M Lv, J Q Zhang, X S Wang, Y Huang, W Li, C Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical technique of direct anterior approach to total hip arthroplasty and to report the early clinical outcomes. METHODS: A series of 100 consecutive, unselected patients who had 116 primary total hip arthroplasty surgeries (16 bilateral) done through direct anterior approach from March 11 2015 to June 21 2016 was reviewed. There were 50 male patients and 50 female patients. The average patient age was 51 years, and the average body mass index was 24...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410571/pre-and-post-surgical-evaluation-of-the-inflammatory-response-in-patients-with-aortic-stenosis-treated-with-different-types-of-prosthesis
#11
Maria Elena Soto, Jose Luis Salas, Jesus Vargas-Barron, Ricardo Marquez, Alejandra Rodriguez-Hernandez, Rafael Bojalil-Parra, Israel Pérez-Torres, Veronica Guarner-Lans
BACKGROUND: The inflammatory process in aortic valvular stenosis persists after surgery to replace the valve in almost half of the patients. No association has been found to its persistence. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the inflammatory response in patients with aortic stenosis through the determination of several biomarkers in plasma measured before and after the valvular replacement and to seek an association with the type of prosthesis used. METHODS: This is an observational study with a follow up of 6 months in subjects with severe aortic stenosis...
April 14, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400190/early-and-mid-term-outcome-of-the-st-jude-medical-regent-19-mm-aortic-valve-mechanical-prosthesis-functional-and-haemodynamic-evaluation
#12
Edvin Prifti, Massimo Bonacchi, Giovanni Minardi, Klodian Krakulli, Arben Baboci, Giampiero Esposito, Aurel Demiraj, Merita Zeka, Edlira Rruci
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study is to report the early and mid-term clinical and haemodynamic results of the St Jude Medical Regent 19-mm aortic mechanical prothesis (SJMR-19). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2002 and January 2012, 265 patients with aortic valve disease underwent AVR (Aortic Valve Replacement) with a SJMR-19 (St Jude Medical Regent Nr.19). There were 51 males. Mean age was 67.5±12.72years and mean body surface area (BSA) was 1...
February 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387657/the-importance-of-orthoses-on-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-unilateral-lower-limb-amputations
#13
Sule Sahin Onat, Sibel Ünsal-Delialioğlu, Sumru Özel
BACKGROUND: The role of the selected prothesis on activities of daily living (ADL). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of prothesis on ADL in patients with lower-limb amputations. METHODS: The data of 500 patients with unilateral lower limb amputation were recorded. The activity level was defined based on the Medicare Functional Classification Level. Old and new prescribed prosthesis were recorded. Nottingham Extended Activities of daily living activities Daily Living Scale was used to evaluate ADL...
2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293311/aortic-annulus-enlargement-early-and-long-terms-results
#14
Selman Dumani, Ermal Likaj, Laureta Dibra, Vera Beca, Saimir Kuci, Ali Refatllari
AIM: Patient-prosthesis mismatch (PPM) is a common occurrence in aortic valve surgery. Even the discussions about the impact of this phenomenon on the results of aortic valve surgery, the management of this problem remain one of the main topics in this kind of surgery. One of the ways of a solution is aortic annulus enlargement. The main topic of this study is to evaluate the early and longterm results of this technique in our country. METHODS: During the period January 2010 -January 2015, 641 patients performed aortic valve surgery...
March 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867298/prophylactic-bilateral-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-and-a-staged-breast-reconstruction-technique-preliminary-results
#15
Thierry Tondu, Filip Thiessen, Wiebren A A Tjalma
More high-risk women with breast cancer are identified using genetic testing at a younger age. These young women often opt for prophylactic surgery. Most patients are reluctant for extra donor-site scars besides infections and necrosis. In order to reduce these risks, a two-stage breast reconstruction technique is used for high-risk women with large or ptotic breasts. We presume that this procedure will reduce the risk of skin envelope and nipple-areola complex (NAC) necrosis to less than 1%. In the first stage, an inferior pedicle reduction is performed to obtain large volume reduction with maximal safety for the NAC...
2016: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833769/first-case-report-of-a-late-onset-knee-periprosthetic-joint-infection-caused-by-lactococcus-garvieae
#16
V-I Neagoe, S Zytoun, H-J Neuhaus
Lactococcus garvieae is known as a Gram-positive, catalase-negative, and facultatively anaerobic fish pathogen. The association between Lactococcus spp. and human infectious diseases is described as being mainly associated with lumbar osteomyelitis, hepatic abscess, and infective endocarditis. In the literature of orthopedic post-prosthetic infections, L. garvieae was associated with a case of hip prosthetic infection in a fishmonger woman. We present the case of a 79-year-old male patient with multiple comorbidities, who is admitted to our center with a 5-day history of pain, swelling, and motility disorder of the right knee by the presence of a bicondylar knee replacement surgery, which was performed due to gonarthrosis 17 years ago...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783198/computer-guided-technique-evaluation-of-the-bony-palate-for-planning-individual-implant-placement
#17
Pinar Cagimni, Figen Govsa, Mehmet Asim Ozer, Zuhal Kazak
OBJECTIVE: Different clinical problems may require a surgical approach to the dental arch, such as dentofacial orthopedics, implant-supported dental prothesis, maxillary orthodontics protraction, removable appliances, and posttraumatic dental reconstruction. The aim of this study is to analyze the dental arch size and type for supporting individual dental protheses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, the reference measurements on the length of the bony palate, maxillary intercanine width, maxillary intermolar width, and the ratio of the maxillary to the palatinal surface were studied in 120 bony palates using a computer software program...
May 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676723/latest-trends-in-upper-limb-prothesis-for-children-with-agenesia
#18
Colina Martinot-Lagarde, Nathaly Quintero-Prigent, Naima Brennetot, Monique Chapuy, Marion Fiat, Malak Fahmy, Frank Fitoussi
Design of these hands (3D prints) are often driven by the desire to have a prosthesis as close as a "real hand", both from an aesthetic and a functional standpoint. A new type of hands has been launched in France in September 2015 thanks to 3D printers. Alongside standard medical prosthesis available with medical prescription and designed by orthoprosthesist, they can also be developed and made in a non-specialised and non-CE approved workshop using 3D printer at lower cost. Those hands were engineered in the USA with this easy manufacturing process and are now expanding all around the world...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567981/-cpap-interest-in-help-of-mucus-clearance-in-tracheo-bronchomalacia-outpatients
#19
D Billet, É Bernu
The patients suffering of trachea bronchial dyskinesia in a context of trachea bronchomalacia present an important decrease of the expiratory flow during the Forced Expiration Techniques, and during the cough, returning difficult mucus clearance. The use of CPAP for these patients as a pneumatic prothesis can bring a considerable help during the chest physiotherapy techniques, avoiding the tracheobronchial collapse. The objectivation of the efficiency of this technique through a clinical case, its ease of application and control, allows us to propose the attempt of this additive help when the indication and the contraindications are clearly defined...
October 2016: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534076/-distal-fixation-prosthesis-for-unstable-intertrochanteric-fractures-in-elderly-patients-a-mid-term-follow-up-study
#20
Zhan-feng Zhang, Ji-kang Min, Jian-ming Zhong, Dan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore mid-term follow up results of distal fixation prosthesis in treating unstable intertrochanteric fractures in elderly patients. METHODS: From May 2008 to March 2014,58 elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric were treated with distal fixation prosthesis, among them, there were 15 males and 43 females aged from 75 to 87 years old with an average of 83.2 years old. Fracture were classified according to Evans classification, 39 cases were type I c and 19 cases were type I d...
June 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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