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corneal healing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341026/dimethyl-sulfoxide-but-not-indomethacin-is-efficient-for-healing-in-hydrofluoric-acid-eye-burns
#1
Semih Altan, Zeki Oğurtan
INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of indomethacin and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), well-known antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents, to heal eye burns induced with hydrofluoric acid in rabbits. METHODS: After general anesthesia, the right eye of 72 male New Zealand rabbits were burned by instillation of 2% hydrofluoric acid for 60s. Following this, the eyes were irrigated with 500 cc normal saline. The rabbits were then divided into four groups of 18 rabbits each...
February 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339457/targeted-aav5-smad7-gene-therapy-inhibits-corneal-scarring-in-vivo
#2
Suneel Gupta, Jason T Rodier, Ajay Sharma, Elizabeth A Giuliano, Prashant R Sinha, Nathan P Hesemann, Arkasubhra Ghosh, Rajiv R Mohan
Corneal scarring is due to aberrant activity of the transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) signaling pathway following traumatic, mechanical, infectious, or surgical injury. Altered TGFβ signaling cascade leads to downstream Smad (Suppressor of mothers against decapentaplegic) protein-mediated signaling events that regulate expression of extracellular matrix and myogenic proteins. These events lead to transdifferentiation of keratocytes into myofibroblasts through fibroblasts and often results in permanent corneal scarring...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332214/serum-eye-drops-a-survey-of-international-production-methods
#3
D C Marks, P F van der Meer
BACKGROUND: Serum eye drops (SEDs) are used to treat dry eye syndrome and non-healing corneal lesions when other treatments fail. Despite many clinical studies demonstrating the efficacy of both autologous and allogeneic SEDs, there is no internationally harmonized method for producing SEDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 40-question survey requesting information regarding donor selection, blood collection and processing, infectious disease screening, shelf life and regulatory requirements for the production of autologous and allogeneic SEDs was developed by the Biomedical Excellence for Safer Transfusion Collaborative...
March 23, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319106/a-systematic-review-on-the-impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-the-ocular-surface
#4
REVIEW
K Co Shih, K S-L Lam, L Tong
Diabetes mellitus is associated with extensive morbidity and mortality in any human community. It is well understood that the burden of diabetes is attributed to chronic progressive damage in major end-organs, but it is underappreciated that the most superficial and transparent organ affected by diabetes is the cornea. Different corneal components (epithelium, nerves, immune cells and endothelium) underpin specific systemic complications of diabetes. Just as diabetic retinopathy is a marker of more generalized microvascular disease, corneal nerve changes can predict peripheral and autonomic neuropathy, providing a window of opportunity for early treatment...
March 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316198/-research-update-of-effectiveness-and-mechanism-of-essential-fatty-acids-in-treating-dry-eye
#5
Y Liu, Q F Liang
Topical anti-inflammatory therapy has become the significant way of treating dry eye so far. However, as the long-term use of routine anti-inflammatory medications are restricted from their side effects, it is inevitable to explore safer and more effective alternatives. Essential fatty acids have proven to be anti-inflammatory systemically, which makes it possible to treat dry eye. Clinical trials have demonstrated that supplementation with either ω-3 or ω-6 essential fatty acids or both has multifactorial efficacies including improvement of subjective symptoms, alleviation of inflammation of ocular surface and eyelid margin, prolongation of tear break-up time and increase of tear flow secretion...
March 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316193/-clinical-study-on-the-corneal-epithelial-dysfunction-after-cataract-extraction
#6
J H Qu, Z Q Wang, Y Zhang, X G Sun
Objective: To study the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment of corneal epithelial dysfunction after cataract extraction. Methods: Fifteen cases diagnosed as corneal epithelial dysfunction after cataract extraction between November 2014 and September 2016 were retrospectively analyzed, mainly including clinical manifestations, characteristics of morphological changes imaged by in vivo laser confocal microscopy, management and therapeutic effects. Results: There were 6 (40%) males and 9 (60%) females with an average age of 66±7 years (59 to 86 years)...
March 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316190/-allogeneic-cultured-limbal-epithelial-transplantation-a-clinical-observation-of-its-treatment-effects-on-large-conjunctival-lesions
#7
J Cheng, J Y Wang, H Y Duan, S Wang, L Cong, L X Xie
Objective: To introduce the surgical methods and investigate the treatment effects of conjunctival lesion resection combined with transplantation of allogeneic limbal epithelia cultured in vitro for treatment of varied large conjunctival lesions. Methods: A retrospective analysis of case data of the patients receiving transplantation of allogeneic limbal epithelia cultured in vitro for large conjunctival lesions at Qingdao Eye Hospital from January 2013 to December 2015 was conducted. Fresh donor corneal limbal epithelial tissues were obtained for cellular digestion and isolation...
March 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315447/cyclosporine-a-delivery-to-the-eye-a-comprehensive-review-of-academic-and-industrial-efforts
#8
REVIEW
Frédéric Lallemand, Mathieu Schmitt, Jean-Louis Bourges, Robert Gurny, Simon Benita, Jean-Sébastien Garrigue
Local ocular delivery of cyclosporine A (CsA) is the preferred method for CsA delivery as a treatment for ocular inflammatory diseases such as uveitis, corneal healing, vernal keratoconjunctivitis and dry eye disease. However, due to the large molecular weight and hydrophobic nature of CsA and the natural protective mechanisms of the eye, achieving therapeutic levels of CsA in ocular tissues can be difficult. This review gives a comprehensive overview of the current products available to clinicians as well as emerging drug delivery solutions that have been developed at both the academic and industry levels...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280412/comparison-of-cytotoxicities-and-wound-healing-effects-of-diquafosol-tetrasodium-and-hyaluronic-acid-on-human-corneal-epithelial-cells
#9
Jong Heon Lee, Jong Soo Lee, Sujin Kim, Ji Eun Lee
This study aimed to compare the cellular toxicities of three clinically used dry eye treatments; 3% diquafosol tetrasodium and hyaluronic acid at 0.3 and 0.18%. A methyl thiazolyltetrazoiun (MTT)-based calorimetric assay was used to assess cellular proliferation and a lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage assay to assess cytotoxicity, using Human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) exposed to 3% diquafosol tetrasodium, 0.3% hyaluronic acid (HA), or 0.18% HA or 1, 6 or 24 h. Cellular morphology was evaluated by inverted phase-contrast light microscopy and electron microscopy, and wound widths were measured 24 h after confluent HCECs were scratched...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276172/ascorbic-acid-promotes-the-stemness-of-corneal-epithelial-stem-progenitor-cells-and-accelerates-epithelial-wound-healing-in-the-cornea
#10
Jialin Chen, Jie Lan, Dongle Liu, Ludvig J Backman, Wei Zhang, Qingjun Zhou, Patrik Danielson
High concentration of ascorbic acid (vitamin C) has been found in corneal epithelium of various species. However, the specific functions and mechanisms of ascorbic acid in the repair of corneal epithelium are not clear. In this study, it was found that ascorbic acid accelerates corneal epithelial wound healing in vivo in mouse. In addition, ascorbic acid enhanced the stemness of cultured mouse corneal epithelial stem/progenitor cells (TKE2) in vitro, as shown by elevated clone formation ability and increased expression of stemness markers (especially p63 and SOX2)...
March 9, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275314/ebm-regeneration-and-changes-in-ebm-component-mrna-expression-in-stromal-cells-after-corneal-injury
#11
Abirami Santhanam, Gustavo K Marino, Andre A M Torricelli, Steven E Wilson
PURPOSE: To investigate the production of the epithelial basement membrane (EBM) component mRNAs at time points before lamina lucida and lamina densa regeneration in anterior stromal cells after corneal injury that would heal with and without fibrosis. METHODS: Rabbit corneas were removed from 2 to 19 days after -4.5D or -9.0D photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) with the VISX S4 IR laser. Corneas were evaluated with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) for full regeneration of the lamina lucida and the lamina densa...
2017: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273882/inhibition-of-nlrp3-inflammasome-pathway-by-butyrate-improves-corneal-wound-healing-in-corneal-alkali-burn
#12
Fang Bian, Yangyan Xiao, Mahira Zaheer, Eugene A Volpe, Stephen C Pflugfelder, De-Quan Li, Cintia S de Paiva
Epithelial cells are involved in the regulation of innate and adaptive immunity in response to different stresses. The purpose of this study was to investigate if alkali-injured corneal epithelia activate innate immunity through the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein (NOD)-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome pathway. A unilateral alkali burn (AB) was created in the central cornea of C57BL/6 mice. Mice received either no topical treatment or topical treatment with sodium butyrate (NaB), β-hydroxybutyric acid (HBA), dexamethasone (Dex), or vehicle (balanced salt solution, BSS) quater in die (QID) for two or five days (d)...
March 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270007/-impact-of-crosslinking-on-corneal-epithelial-healing
#13
Andrea Gyenes, Nóra Szentmáry, Gábor Tóth, Huba Kiss, Csaba Szekrényesi, Achim Langenbucher, Zoltán Zsolt Nagy
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: To analyse the effect of crosslinking (CXL) on corneal epithelial healing. PATIENTS AND METHOD: 39 keratoconus patients following CXL and 11 patients following PRK were enrolled in this study. 21, 45 and 69 hours after CXL and 16, 37 and 61 hours following PRK slitlamp photographs were taken using fluorescein staining and the size of the epithelial defect and the time of epithelial closure was determined. As the observation time-points differed in both groups, the size of the epithelial defect following PRK was calculated for the time points used for analysis of CXL patients...
March 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266180/serum-from-plasma-rich-in-growth-factors-regenerates-rabbit-corneas-by-promoting-cell-proliferation-migration-differentiation-adhesion-and-limbal-stemness
#14
Jaime Etxebarria, Sara Sanz-Lázaro, Raquel Hernáez-Moya, Vanesa Freire, Juan A Durán, María-Celia Morales, Noelia Andollo
PURPOSE: To evaluate the regenerating potential and the mechanisms through which the autologous serum derived from plasma rich in growth factors (s-PRGF) favours corneal wound healing in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: We compared the effect of various concentrations of s-PRGF versus fetal bovine serum (FBS) and control treatment in rabbit primary corneal epithelial and stromal cells and wounded rabbit corneas. Cell proliferation was measured using an enzymatic colorimetric assay...
March 7, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265643/subconjunctival-bevacizumab-injection-impairs-corneal-innervations-and-epithelial-wound-healing-in-mice
#15
Muchen Dong, Guohu Di, Xiaoping Zhang, Qingjun Zhou, Weiyun Shi
Purpose: To investigate the effects of subconjunctival bevacizumab injection on the corneal nerve, sensitivity, and epithelial wound healing in mice. Methods: Adult C57BL/6 mice were treated with subconjunctival injection of 1, 2, 5, or 25 mg/mL bevacizumab. The corneal nerve was observed with whole-mount anti-β3-tubulin fluorescence staining. Corneal sensitivity was measured with a Cochet-Bonnet esthesiometer. The protein levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), nerve growth factor (NGF), glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) were measured by ELISA...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264130/a-new-matrix-therapy-agent-for-faster-corneal-healing-and-less-ocular-discomfort-following-epi-off-accelerated-corneal-cross-linking-in-progressive-keratoconus
#16
Koray Gumus, Marta Gomes Guerra, Sara Homem de Melo Marques, Sarper Karaküçük, Denis Barritault
PURPOSE: To investigate the hypothesis that a new matrix therapy agent (ReGeneraTing Agent, [RGTA]) would speed up the corneal reepithelialization, improve stromal healing, and reduce ocular symptoms after epi-off corneal cross-linking (CXL). METHODS: Sixty eyes of 60 patients with progressive keratoconus were enrolled in the study. Epi-off accelerated CXL was performed in all patients. Sixty eyes were randomized into two groups according to use of RGTA eye drops prior to contact lens fitting at the end...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257533/silk-derived-protein-enhances-corneal-epithelial-migration-adhesion-and-proliferation
#17
Waleed Abdel-Naby, Brigette Cole, Aihong Liu, Jingbo Liu, Pengxia Wan, Victor H Guaiquil, Ryan Schreiner, David Infanger, Brian D Lawrence, Mark I Rosenblatt
Purpose: The corneal surface is vulnerable to a myriad of traumatic insults including mechanical, chemical, and thermal injuries. The resulting trauma may render the naturally occurring regenerative properties of the cornea incapable of restoring a healthy epithelial surface, and may result in the loss of corneal transparency and vision. Healing of the corneal epithelium requires a complex cascade of biological processes that work to restore the tissue after injury. New therapeutic agents that act on the multiple steps of the corneal wound-healing process would offer a potential for improving patient outcomes...
March 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257425/corneal-stromal-stem-cells-reduce-corneal-scarring-by-mediating-neutrophil-infiltration-after-wounding
#18
Andrew J Hertsenberg, Golnar Shojaati, Martha L Funderburgh, Mary M Mann, Yiqin Du, James L Funderburgh
Corneal scarring limits vision for millions of individuals worldwide. Corneal transplantation (keratoplasty) is the standard of care for corneal opacity; however, it bears the risk of graft rejection and infection and is not universally available. Stem cell therapy holds promise as an alternative to keratoplasty. Stem cells from human corneal stroma (CSSC) induce regeneration of transparent corneal tissue in a mouse wound-healing model. In this study we investigated the mechanism by which CSSC prevent deposition of fibrotic tissue...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255771/amniotic-membrane-in-ophthalmology-properties-preparation-storage-and-indications-for-grafting-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Katerina Jirsova, Gary L A Jones
The use of amniotic membrane in ophthalmic surgery and other surgical procedures in the fields of dermatology, plastic surgery, genitourinary medicine and otolaryngology is on the increase. Furthermore, amniotic membrane and its epithelial and mesenchymal cells have broad use in regenerative medicine and hold great promise in anticancer treatment. Amniotic membrane is a rich source of biologically active factors and as such, promotes healing and acts as an effective material for wound dressing. Amniotic membrane supports epithelialization and exhibits anti-fibrotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic and anti-microbial features...
March 2, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245298/pdgfr%C3%AE-is-a-key-regulator-of-t1-and-t3-s-differential-effect-on-sma-expression-in-human-corneal-fibroblasts
#20
Sriniwas Sriram, Jennifer A Tran, Xiaoqing Guo, Audrey E K Hutcheon, Hetian Lei, Andrius Kazlauskas, James D Zieske
Purpose: The goal of this study was to examine the mechanism behind the unique differential action of transforming growth factor β3 (TGF-β3) and TGF-β1 on SMA expression. It was our hypothesis that platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRα) played a key role in determining TGF-β3's response to wounding. Methods: A stable cell line, human corneal fibroblast (HCF)-P, was created from HCFs by knocking down PDGFRα expression using a lentivirus-delivered shRNA sequence...
February 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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