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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713741/reconstruction-of-drug-induced-cleft-palate-using-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cell-in-rodents
#1
Julie Christy Amalraj, Manasa Gangothri, Hari Babu
BACKGROUND: Triamcinolone acetonide (TAC) (Kenacort*) is a commonly used synthetic glucocorticoid in today's medical practice. The drug is also a potential agent in inducing cleft palates in rats. This drug has been used to induce cleft palate in the fetus of the pregnant rats to bring out a suitable animal model for human cleft lip and palate. The drug was given intraperitoneally to induce congenital cleft palate in pregnant mother rats. AIM: The aim of this study is to induce congenital cleft palate in pregnant Wister albino rats and reconstruct the defect with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) isolated from the same species along with PLGA (poly lactic co glycolic acid) scaffold...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649247/an-antigen-presenting-and-apoptosis-inducing-polymer-microparticle-prolongs-alloskin-graft-survival-by-selectively-and-markedly-depleting-alloreactive-cd8-t-cells
#2
Wei Wang, Khawar Ali Shahzad, Miaochen Li, Aifeng Zhang, Lei Zhang, Tao Xu, Xin Wan, Chuanlai Shen
Selectively depleting the pathogenic T cells is a fundamental strategy for the treatment of allograft rejection and autoimmune disease since it retains the overall immune function of host. The concept of killer artificial antigen-presenting cells (KaAPCs) has been developed by co-coupling peptide-major histocompatibility complex (pMHC) multimer and anti-Fas monoclonal antibody (mAb) onto the polymeric microparticles (MPs) to induce the apoptosis of antigen-specific T cells. But little information is available about its in vivo therapeutic potential and mechanism...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619603/water-soluble-combretastatin-a4-phosphate-orally-delivered-via-composite-nanoparticles-with-improved-inhibition-effect-towards-s180-tumors
#3
Yurun Shen, Liping Wu, Liyan Qiu
Combretastatin A4 phosphate (CA4P) is a novel vascular disrupting agent for cancer therapy. However, frequent dosing and negative patient compliance has been encountered over CA4P by injection administration due to its quite short-term action and acute side effects. Therefore, it is significant to develop an oral formulation of CA4P. We established a novel method to prepare CA4P-loaded nanoparticles (CA4P-NPs) for oral administration by combining methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-b-polylactide (PELA) and poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) polymers...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617560/influence-of-vegf-bmp-2-on-the-proliferation-and-osteogenetic-differentiation-of-rat-bone-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-plga-gelatin-composite-scaffold
#4
G An, W-B Zhang, D-K Ma, B Lu, G-J Wei, Y Guang, C-H Ru, Y-S Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of VEGF/BMP-2 on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of rat bone mesenchymal stem cells BMSCs) on PLGA/gelatin composite scaffold. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomly-oriented nanofibers with different ratios of Poly Lactic-co-Glycolic Acid (PLGA)/gelatin were produced through electrospinning. The mixture of nanofibers and BMSCs was pipetted onto the surface of the scaffolds, and BMSCs/PLGA/gelatin composite was obtained...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591594/oleanolic-bioenhancer-coloaded-chitosan-modified-nanocarriers-attenuate-breast-cancer-cells-by-multimode-mechanism-and-preserve-female-fertility
#5
Monika Sharma, Shweta Sharma, Vikas Sharma, Komal Sharma, Santosh Kumar Yadav, Pankaj Dwivedi, Satish Agrawal, Sarvesh Kumar Paliwal, Anil Kumar Dwivedi, Jagdamba Prasad Maikhuri, Gopal Gupta, Prabhat Ranjan Mishra, Ajay Kumar Singh Rawat
Addressing multidrug resistant stage of breast cancer is an impediment for chemotherapy. Moreover, breast cancer chemotherapy has potential enduring confrontations i.e. related toxicity including effect on fertility of young female patients. The co-delivery of polyphenolic bio-enhancers with oleanolic acid in chitosan coated PLGA nanoparticles was designed for oral delivery with enhanced antitumor effect consecutively preserving the female fertility. The optimized oleanolic- bio-enhancer nano formulation CH-OA-B-PLGA with particle size was 342...
June 4, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549089/development-of-a-sustained-release-voriconazole-containing-thermogel-for-subconjunctival-injection-in-horses
#6
Rosemary S Cuming, Eva M Abarca, Sue Duran, Anne A Wooldridge, Allison J Stewart, William Ravis, R Jayachandra Babu, Yuh-Jing Lin, Terri Hathcock
Purpose: To determine in vitro release profiles, transcorneal permeation, and ocular injection characteristics of a voriconazole-containing thermogel suitable for injection into the subconjunctival space (SCS). Methods: In vitro release rate of voriconazole (0.3% and 1.5%) from poly (DL-lactide-co-glycolide-b-ethylene glycol-b-DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA-PEG-PLGA) thermogel was determined for 28 days. A Franz cell diffusion chamber was used to evaluate equine transcorneal and transscleral permeation of voriconazole (1...
May 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542454/controlled-delivery-of-tauroursodeoxycholic-acid-from-biodegradable-microspheres-slows-retinal-degeneration-and-vision-loss-in-p23h-rats
#7
Laura Fernández-Sánchez, Irene Bravo-Osuna, Pedro Lax, Alicia Arranz-Romera, Victoria Maneu, Sergio Esteban-Pérez, Isabel Pinilla, María Del Mar Puebla-González, Rocío Herrero-Vanrell, Nicolás Cuenca
Successful drug therapies for treating ocular diseases require effective concentrations of neuroprotective compounds maintained over time at the site of action. The purpose of this work was to assess the efficacy of intravitreal controlled delivery of tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA) encapsulated in poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres for the treatment of the retina in a rat model of retinitis pigmentosa. PLGA microspheres (MSs) containing TUDCA were produced by the O/W emulsion-solvent evaporation technique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501941/paracrine-release-of-il-2-and-anti-ctla-4-enhances-the-ability-of-artificial-polymer-antigen-presenting-cells-to-expand-antigen-specific-t-cells-and-inhibit-tumor-growth-in-a-mouse-model
#8
Lei Zhang, Limin Wang, Khawar Ali Shahzad, Tao Xu, Xin Wan, Weiya Pei, Chuanlai Shen
Accumulating evidence indicates that bead-based artificial antigen-presenting cells (aAPCs) are a powerful tool to induce antigen-specific T cell responses in vitro and in vivo. To date, most conventional aAPCs have been generated by coupling an antigen signal (signal 1) and one or two costimulatory signals, such as anti-CD28 with anti-LFA1 or anti-4-1BB (signal 2), onto the surfaces of cell-sized or nanoscale magnetic beads or polyester latex beads. The development of a biodegradable scaffold and the combined use of multiple costimulatory signals as well as third signals for putative clinical applications is the next step in the development of this technology...
May 13, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429764/fabrication-characterization-and-biological-evaluation-of-anti-her2-indocyanine-green-doxorubicin-encapsulated-peg-b-plga-copolymeric-nanoparticles-for-targeted-photochemotherapy-of-breast-cancer-cells
#9
Yu-Hsiang Lee, Da-Sheng Chang
In this study, we aimed to develop anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) indocyanine green (ICG)-doxorubicin (DOX)-encapsulated polyethylene glycol-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) diblock copolymeric nanoparticles (HIDPPNPs) to explore the co-administration of phototherapy and chemotherapy for HER2-overexpressing breast cancer, a highly aggressive and medicine-resistant breast carcinoma. The HIDPPNPs were fabricated using a solvent evaporation technique followed by carbodiimide-mediated antibody conjugation on the nanoparticle surface...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367618/regulation-of-drug-release-by-tuning-surface-textures-of-biodegradable-polymer-microparticles
#10
Mubashir Hussain, Jun Xie, Zaiyan Hou, Khurram Shezad, Jiangping Xu, Ke Wang, Yujie Gao, Lei Shen, Jintao Zhu
Generally, size, uniformity, shape, and surface chemistry of biodegradable polymer particles will significantly affect the drug-release behavior in vitro and in vivo. In this study, uniform poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolide) (PLGA) and PLGA-b-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLGA-b-PEG) microparticles with tunable surface textures were generated by combining the interfacial instabilities of emulsion droplet and polymer-blending strategy. Monodisperse emulsion droplets containing polymers were generated through the microfluidic flow-focusing technique...
April 11, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319404/encapsulation-of-an-ep67-conjugated-ctl-peptide-vaccine-in-nanoscale-biodegradable-particles-increases-the-efficacy-of-respiratory-immunization-and-affects-the-magnitude-and-memory-subsets-of-vaccine-generated-mucosal-and-systemic-cd8-t-cells-in-a-diameter
#11
Bala V K Karuturi, Shailendra B Tallapaka, Pravin Yeapuri, Stephen M Curran, Sam D Sanderson, Joseph A Vetro
The diameter of biodegradable particles used to coencapsulate immunostimulants and subunit vaccines affects the magnitude of memory CD8(+) T cells generated by systemic immunization. Possible effects on the magnitude of CD8(+) T cells generated by mucosal immunization or memory subsets that potentially correlate more strongly with protection against certain pathogens, however, are unknown. In this study, we conjugated our novel host-derived mucosal immunostimulant, EP67, to the protective MCMV CTL epitope, pp89, through a lysosomal protease-labile double arginine linker (pp89-RR-EP67) and encapsulated in PLGA 50:50 micro- or nanoparticles...
April 3, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317931/recruitment-of-bone-marrow-cd11b-gr-1-cells-by-polymeric-nanoparticles-for-antigen-cross-presentation
#12
Ya-Wun Yang, Wen-Hui Luo
The objective of this study was to investigate the function of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) on the activation of antigen-specific CD8(+) T cell responses via the CD11b(+)Gr(-)1(+) myeloid subpopulations in murine bone marrow (BM). PLGA NPs containing ovalbumin (OVA) were fabricated by the double-emulsion method. The CD11b(+)Gr-1(low)Ly-6C(high) and CD11b(+)Gr-1(high)Ly-6C(low) subsets from mice bone marrow were sorted and treated with the PLGA/OVA NPs, followed by co-culture with the carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE)-labelled OT-I CD8(+) cells...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247754/small-sized-mpeg-plga-nanoparticles-of-schisantherin-a-with-sustained-release-for-enhanced-brain-uptake-and-anti-parkinsonian-activity
#13
Tongkai Chen, Chuwen Li, Ye Li, Xiang Yi, Ruibing Wang, Simon Ming-Yuen Lee, Ying Zheng
Schisantherin A (SA) is a promising anti-Parkinsonism natural product. However, its poor water solubility and rapid serum clearance impose significant barriers to delivery of SA to the brain. This work aimed to develop SA in a nanoparticle formulation that extended SA circulation in the bloodstream and consequently an increased brain uptake and thus to be potentially efficacious for the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Spherical SA nanoparticles with a mean particle size of 70 nm were prepared by encapsulating SA into methoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(d,l)-lactic-co-glycolic acid (mPEG-PLGA) nanoparticles (SA-NPs) with an encapsulation efficiency of ∼91% and drug loading of ∼28%...
March 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222612/in-vitro-ex-vivo-correlations-between-a-cell-laden-hydrogel-and-mucosal-tissue-for-screening-composite-delivery-systems
#14
Anna K Blakney, Adam B Little, Yonghou Jiang, Kim A Woodrow
Composite delivery systems where drugs are electrospun in different layers and vary the drug stacking-order are posited to affect bioavailability. We evaluated how the formulation characteristics of both burst- and sustained-release electrospun fibers containing three physicochemically diverse drugs: dapivirine (DPV), maraviroc (MVC) and tenofovir (TFV) affect in vitro and ex vivo release. We developed a poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (pHEMA) hydrogel release platform for the rapid, inexpensive in vitro evaluation of burst- and sustained-release topical or dermal drug delivery systems with varying microarchitecture...
November 2016: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217982/theranostic-nanoparticles-loaded-with-imaging-probes-and-rubrocurcumin-for-combined-cancer-therapy-by-folate-receptor-targeting
#15
Diego Alberti, Nicoletta Protti, Morgane Franck, Rachele Stefania, Silva Bortolussi, Saverio Altieri, Annamaria Deagostino, Silvio Aime, Simonetta Geninatti Crich
The combination of different therapeutic modalities is a promising option to combat the recurrence of tumors. In this study, polylactic and polyglycolic acid nanoparticles were used for the simultaneous delivery of a boron-curcumin complex (RbCur) and an amphiphilic gadolinium complex into tumor cells with the aim of performing boron and gadolinium neutron capture therapy (NCT) in conjunction with the additional antiproliferative effects of curcumin. Furthermore, the use of Gd complexes allows magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) assessment of the amount of B and Gd internalized by tumor cells...
April 6, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186684/effect-of-different-sustained-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-release-kinetics-on-bone-formation-in-poly-propylene-fumarate-scaffolds
#16
Maurits G L Olthof, Diederik H R Kempen, James L Herrick, Michael J Yaszemski, Wouter J A Dhert, Lichun Lu
To investigate the effect of sustained bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) release kinetics on bone formation in poly(propylene fumarate) (PPF) scaffolds, different poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres were used as delivery vehicles. All PPF scaffolds had the same 75% porous structure, while the degradation rate of the embedded PLGA microspheres was changed to tailor BMP-2 release by varying the lactic-to-glycolic acid (L:G) ratio in the copolymer. Four PLGA microsphere formulations with 50/50, 65/35, 75/25, and 85/15 L:G ratios and varying in vivo degradation rates were fabricated...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173812/anthocyanins-encapsulated-by-plga-peg-nanoparticles-potentially-improved-its-free-radical-scavenging-capabilities-via-p38-jnk-pathway-against-a%C3%AE-1-42-induced-oxidative-stress
#17
Faiz Ul Amin, Shahid Ali Shah, Haroon Badshah, Mehtab Khan, Myeong Ok Kim
BACKGROUND: In order to increase the bioavailability of hydrophilic unstable drugs like anthocyanins, we employed a polymer-based nanoparticles approach due to its unique properties such as high stability, improved bioavailability and high water-soluble drug loading efficiency. Anthocyanins constitute a subfamily of flavonoids that possess anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties. However, anthocyanins are unstable because their phenolic hydroxyl groups are easily oxidized into quinones, causing a reduced biological activity...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163220/nano-encapsulation-of-a-novel-anti-ran-gtpase-peptide-for-blockade-of-regulator-of-chromosome-condensation-1-rcc1-function-in-mda-mb-231-breast-cancer-cells
#18
Yusuf A Haggag, Kyle B Matchett, El-Habib Dakir, Paul Buchanan, Mohammed A Osman, Sanaa A Elgizawy, Mohamed El-Tanani, Ahmed M Faheem, Paul A McCarron
Ran is a small ras-related GTPase and is highly expressed in aggressive breast carcinoma. Overexpression induces malignant transformation and drives metastatic growth. We have designed a novel series of anti-Ran-GTPase peptides, which prevents Ran hydrolysis and activation, and although they display effectiveness in silico, peptide activity is suboptimal in vitro due to reduced bioavailability and poor delivery. To overcome this drawback, we delivered an anti-Ran-GTPase peptide using encapsulation in PLGA-based nanoparticles (NP)...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120873/novel-approach-for-the-detection-of-intraperitoneal-micrometastasis-using-an-ovarian-cancer-mouse-model
#19
Ayesha B Alvero, Dongin Kim, Eydis Lima, Natalia J Sumi, Jung Seok Lee, Carlos Cardenas, Mary Pitruzzello, Dan-Arin Silasi, Natalia Buza, Tarek Fahmy, Gil Mor
Patients with epithelial ovarian cancer have the best overall survival when maximal surgical effort is accomplished. However, despite numerous technological advances, surgery still relies primarily on white-light reflectance and the surgeon's vision. As such, micrometastases are usually missed and most patients clinically classified as a complete responder eventually recur and succumb to the disease. Our objective is to develop optical enhancers which can aid in the visualization of ovarian cancer micrometastasis...
January 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073412/-clinical-effect-of-ultrasound-guided-injection-of-biodegradable-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid-fe3o4-in-situ-implant-for-magnetic-thermal-ablation-in-treatment-of-nude-mice-with-human-liver-cancer-smmc-7721-cells
#20
B Liang, G Q Zuo, Y Y Zheng, S He, D Y Zuo
Objective: To prepare the Fe3O4-loaded biodegradable liquid-solid phase inversion poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) in situ implant for ultrasound-guided injection into nude mouse tumor model, and to investigate its clinical effect in thermomagnetic treatment of nude mice with human liver cancer SMMC-7721 cells in an alternating magnetic field. Methods: An in situ implant containing 10% Fe3O4 was prepared, and 50 μl Fe3O4-PLGA-NMP gel was injected into the subcutaneous tissue of Kunming mice. The degradation of this material was observed for 2 consecutive months, and the changes in body weight were recorded...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
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