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B Liang, G Q Zuo, Y Y Zheng, S He, D Y Zuo
Objective: To prepare the Fe3O4-loaded biodegradable liquid-solid phase inversion poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) in situ implant for ultrasound-guided injection into nude mouse tumor model, and to investigate its clinical effect in thermomagnetic treatment of nude mice with human liver cancer SMMC-7721 cells in an alternating magnetic field. Methods: An in situ implant containing 10% Fe3O4 was prepared, and 50 μl Fe3O4-PLGA-NMP gel was injected into the subcutaneous tissue of Kunming mice. The degradation of this material was observed for 2 consecutive months, and the changes in body weight were recorded...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Hui Zhang, Jiangkang Xu, Liang Xing, Jianbo Ji, Aihua Yu, Guangxi Zhai
Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the most common chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of various cancers, but its clinical usage is limited by dose-dependent cardiotoxicity. We have recently synthesized a series of Chondroitin sulfate/poly (d,l-lactideco-glycolide) block copolymers (Chs-b-PLGA) with different length of hydrophobic block by an end-to-end coupling strategy. The structure of the amphiphilic block copolymers with low critical micelle concentration (∼28mg/L) were confirmed by (1)H NMR. The copolymers could self-assemble into stable micelles in aqueous environment with homogeneous size distribution and negative zeta potential...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Antranik Jonderian, Rita Maalouf
This study aims to characterize rhodamine B (Rh B) loaded poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide; PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) and their interactions with cardiac myocytes. PLGA NPs were formulated using single emulsion solvent evaporation technique. The influence of varying parameters such as the stabilizer concentration, the sonication time, and the organic to aqueous ratio were investigated. The diameter, the dispersity, the encapsulation efficiency and the zeta potential of the optimized NPs were about 184 nm, 0.19, 40% and -21...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Ronak S Bhuptani, Vandana B Patravale
The collective power of stem cells due to their evident advantages is incessantly investigated in regenerative medicine to be the next generation exceptional remedy for tissue regeneration and treatment of diseases. Stem cells are highly sensitive and a 3D culture environment is a requisite for its successful transplantation and integration with tissues. Porous microscaffolds can create a 3D microenvironment for growing stems cells, controlling their fate both in vitro and in vivo. In the present study, interconnected porous PLGA microscaffolds were fabricated, characterized and employed to propagate human dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells (DPMSCs) in vitro...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Wen-Chia Huang, Shih-Hong Chen, Wen-Hsuan Chiang, Chu-Wei Huang, Chun-Liang Lo, Chorng-Shyan Chern, Hsin-Cheng Chiu
A novel drug delivery strategy featured with enhanced uptake of nanoparticles (NPs) by targeted tumor cells and subsequent intratumoral cellular hitchhiking of chemotherapy to deep tumor regions was described. The NP delivery system was obtained from assembly of poly(lactic acid-co-glycolic acid)-grafted hyaluronic acid (HA-g-PLGA) together with an anticancer drug, SN38, in aqueous phase, followed by implementing the NP surface with a layer of methoxypoly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(histamine methacrylamide) (mPEG-b-PHMA) via hydrophobic association to improve the colloidal stability both in vitro and in vivo...
December 12, 2016: Biomacromolecules
Nanayaa F Hughes-Brittain, Lin Qiu, Wen Wang, Ton Peijs, Cees W M Bastiaansen
We have shown previously that PMMA-acrylate photopolymers are biocomopatible and can exhibit improved cell adhesion compared to PMMA, due to an increase in negative surface charge caused by UV radiation PLGA has been used widely in soft tissue regeneration due to its high biocompatibility and cell adhesion. This polymer is also biodegradable and can be utilised in the field of vascular regeneration. In this study, PLGA is blended with a triacrylate monomer (TPETA) to create a degradable photopolymer blend. Surface relief structures are formed on this PLGA-TPETA by photoembossing...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Kelly A Langert, Bruktawit Goshu, Evan B Stubbs
Acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) is an aggressive antibody- and T-cell-mediated variant of Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS), a prominent and debilitating autoimmune disorder of the peripheral nervous system. Despite advancements in clinical management, treatment of patients with AIDP/GBS and its chronic variant CIDP remains palliative and relies on the use of non-specific immunemodulating therapies. Our laboratory has previously reported that therapeutic administration of statins safely attenuates the clinical severity of experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN), a well-characterized animal model of AIDP/GBS, by restricting the migration of autoreactive leukocytes across peripheral nerve microvascular endoneurial endothelial cells that form the blood-nerve barrier...
January 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
Arvin Eskandari, Janine N Boodram, Paul B Cressey, Chunxin Lu, Peter M Bruno, Michael T Hemann, Kogularamanan Suntharalingam
We report the cancer stem cell (CSC) potency of a novel series of copper(ii)-phenanthroline complexes bearing nonsteriodial anti-inflammatory drugs: naproxen, tolfenamic acid, and indomethacin (2a-3c). Two of the complexes, 2a and 3c, kill breast CSC-enriched HMLER-shEcad cells (grown in both monolayer and three-dimensional cell cultures) to a significantly better extent than salinomycin, a well-established CSC toxin. The most potent complex in the series, 3c induces its cytotoxic effect by generating intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inhibiting cyclooxgenase-2 (COX-2) activity...
October 24, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
J-Y Won, C-Y Park, J-H Bae, G Ahn, C Kim, D-H Lim, D-W Cho, W-S Yun, J-H Shim, J-B Huh
Here, we compared 3D-printed polycaprolactone/poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)/β-tricalcium phosphate (PCL/PLGA/β-TCP) membranes with the widely used collagen membranes for guided bone regeneration (GBR) in beagle implant models. For mechanical property comparison in dry and wet conditions and cytocompatibility determination, we analyzed the rate and pattern of cell proliferation of seeded fibroblasts and preosteoblasts using the cell counting kit-8 assay and scanning electron microscopy. Osteogenic differentiation was verified using alizarin red S staining...
October 7, 2016: Biomedical Materials
Douglas R Marques, Luís A L Dos Santos, Marie A O'Brien, Sarah H Cartmell, Julie E Gough
The polymeric blend of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) and polyisoprene (PI) has recently been explored for application as stents for tracheal stenosis and spring for the treatment of craniosynostosis. From the positive results presented in other biomedical applications comes the possibility of investigating the application of this material as scaffold for tissue engineering (TE), acquiring a deeper knowledge about the polymeric blend by exploring a new processing technique while attending to the most fundamental demands of TE scaffolds...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Andrea G Galuppo, Pedro C Chagastelles, Douglas Gamba, Daikelly B Iglesias, Laura E Sperling, Janine Machado, Jéssica F T C Petry, Joachim Wendorff, Cesar L Petzhold, Patricia Pranke
The aim of the study has been to evaluate the morphology, proliferation, and pluripotency maintenance of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) cultivated on poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) scaffolds. The scaffolds were hydrolyzed with NaOH (treated) and nonhydrolyzed (untreated). Morphological and mechanical characterization of the scaffolds was performed. mESC were evaluated for cell viability, cytotoxicity, expression of pluripotency markers, colony morphology, and overall distribution. The treatment generated a reduction in the hydrophobic characteristics of the scaffolds, leading to a higher wettability compared to the untreated group...
February 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Nirmal Marasini, Zeinab G Khalil, Ashwini Kumar Giddam, Khairunnisa Abdul Ghaffar, Waleed M Hussein, Robert J Capon, Michael R Batzloff, Michael F Good, Mariusz Skwarczynski, Istvan Toth
Rheumatic heart disease represents a leading cause of mortality caused by Group A Streptococcus (GAS) infections transmitted through the respiratory route. Although GAS infections can be treated with antibiotics these are often inadequate. An efficacious GAS vaccine holds more promise, with intranasal vaccination especially attractive, as it mimics the natural route of infections and should be able to induce mucosal IgA and systemic IgG immunity. Nanoparticles were prepared by either encapsulating or coating lipopeptide-based vaccine candidate (LCP-1) on the surface of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)...
November 20, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Ze Li, Fangfang Xiong, Jintian He, Xiaojing Dai, Gaizhen Wang
In the present study, surface-functionalized, pH-responsive poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microparticles were investigated for nasal delivery of hepatitis B surface Antigen (HBsAg). pH-responsive PLGA, chitosan modified PLGA (CS-PLGA), mannan modified PLGA (MN-PLGA), mannan and chitosan co-modified PLGA (MN-CS-PLGA) microparticles were prepared utilizing a double-emulsion method. Antigen was released rapidly from four types of microparticles at pH5.0 and pH 6.0, but slowly released at pH 7.4. Mannan and chitosan surface modification enhanced intracellular microparticle uptake by macrophages...
December 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Barbara Grünwald, Jennifer Vandooren, Erica Locatelli, Pierre Fiten, Ghislain Opdenakker, Paul Proost, Achim Krüger, Jean Paul Lellouche, Liron Limor Israel, Louis Shenkman, Mauro Comes Franchini
Specific cancer cell targeting is a pre-requisite for efficient drug delivery as well as for high-resolution imaging and still represents a major technical challenge. Tumor-associated enzyme-assisted targeting is a new concept that takes advantage of the presence of a specific activity in the tumor entity. MMP-9 is a protease found to be upregulated in virtually all malignant tumors. Consequently, we hypothesized that its presence can provide a de-shielding activity for targeted delivery of drugs by nanoparticles (NPs) in pancreatic cancer...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Takashi K Kishimoto, Joseph D Ferrari, Robert A LaMothe, Pallavi N Kolte, Aaron P Griset, Conlin O'Neil, Victor Chan, Erica Browning, Aditi Chalishazar, William Kuhlman, Fen-Ni Fu, Nelly Viseux, David H Altreuter, Lloyd Johnston, Roberto A Maldonado
The development of antidrug antibodies (ADAs) is a common cause for the failure of biotherapeutic treatments and adverse hypersensitivity reactions. Here we demonstrate that poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles carrying rapamycin, but not free rapamycin, are capable of inducing durable immunological tolerance to co-administered proteins that is characterized by the induction of tolerogenic dendritic cells, an increase in regulatory T cells, a reduction in B cell activation and germinal centre formation, and the inhibition of antigen-specific hypersensitivity reactions...
October 2016: Nature Nanotechnology
Carlos E de Castro, Jean-Jacques Bonvent, Maria C C da Silva, Fabiane L F Castro, Fernando C Giacomelli
The development of delivery systems efficiently uptaken by cells is of due importance since sites of drug action are generally localized in subcellular compartments. Herein, naked and core-shell polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) have been produced from poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-PLGA, poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone)-PEO-b-PCL, and poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(lactic acid)-PEO-b-PLA. The nanostructures are characterized and the cellular uptake behavior is evaluated. The data evidence that cellular uptake is enhanced as the length of the hydrophilic PEO-stabilizing shell reduces and that high negative surface charge restricts cellular uptake...
November 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Boon Ching Tee, Kashappa Goud H Desai, Kelly S Kennedy, Brittany Sonnichsen, Do-Gyoon Kim, Henry W Fields, Susan R Mallery, Steven P Schwendeman, Zongyang Sun
Cell and growth factor-based tissue engineering has shown great potentials for skeletal regeneration. This study tested its feasibility in reconstructing large mandibular defects and compared the efficacy of varied construction materials and sealing methods. Bilateral mandibular critical-size (5-cm(3)) defects were created on six 4-month-old domestic pigs, and grafted with β-tricalcium phosphate (βTCP) only (Group-A), βTCP with autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) (Group-B), and βTCP with BM-MSCs and biodegradable poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microspheres containing bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) (Group-C)...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Zhongjian Chen, Zongguang Tai, Fenfen Gu, Chuling Hu, Quangang Zhu, Shen Gao
Treatment of aggressive prostate cancer remains a great challenge due to inadequate drug distribution into the cancerous lesions after administration. This study aimed to develop aptamer-anchored nanoparticles (apt-NPs) for systemic delivery of docetaxel (DTX) and to evaluate the tumoricidal activity against the prostate cancer in vitro and in vivo. DTX-loaded apt-NPs (DTX-apt-NPs) were prepared by a solvent diffusion technique using functional PLGA-b-PEG and sodium oleate. DTX-apt-NPs were characterized by in vitro release, antitumor activity, cellular uptake and cytotoxic mechanisms...
October 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Carolina Isiegas, Jorge A Marinich-Madzarevich, Miguel Marchena, José M Ruiz, María J Cano, Pedro de la Villa, Catalina Hernández-Sánchez, Enrique J de la Rosa, Flora de Pablo
PURPOSE: The induction of proinsulin expression by transgenesis or intramuscular gene therapy has been shown previously to retard retinal degeneration in mouse and rat models of retinitis pigmentosa (RP), a group of inherited conditions that result in visual impairment. We investigated whether intraocular treatment with biodegradable poly (lactic-co-glycolic) acid microspheres (PLGA-MS) loaded with proinsulin has cellular and functional neuroprotective effects in the retina. METHODS: Experiments were performed using the Pde6brd10 mouse model of RP...
July 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Juan Manuel Carreño, Christian Perez-Shibayama, Cristina Gil-Cruz, Andrea Printz, Rodolfo Pastelin, Armando Isibasi, Dominic Chariatte, Yutaka Tanoue, Constantino Lopez-Macias, Bruno Gander, Burkhard Ludewig
Salmonella (S.) enterica infections are an important global health problem with more than 20 million individuals suffering from enteric fever annually and more than 200,000 lethal cases per year. Although enteric fever can be treated appropriately with antibiotics, an increasing number of antibiotic resistant Salmonella strains is detected. While two vaccines against typhoid fever are currently on the market, their availability in subtropical endemic areas is limited because these products need to be kept in uninterrupted cold chains...
July 29, 2016: Vaccine
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