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energy drinks and youth

Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Junghyun H Lee
BACKGROUND: A considerable amount of research suggests that the frequent use of caffeinated energy drinks may be associated with undesirable effects, particularly so in children and adolescents. This study aimed to investigate the associations between energy drink intake and mental health problems, in isolation or in combination with junk food consumption, in a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescents. METHODS: Data from the 2015 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey, collected from 68,043 adolescents aged 12-18 years (mean age 15...
October 13, 2016: Nutrition Journal
Yara Barrense-Dias, André Berchtold, Christina Akre, Joan-Carles Surís
AIM: This study examined whether consuming energy drinks at the age of 14 predicted substance use at 16. METHODS: We followed 621 youths from an area of Switzerland who completed a longitudinal online survey in both 2012 and 2014 when they were 14 and 16 years of age. At 14, participants, who were divided into nonenergy drink users (n = 262), occasional users (n = 183) and regular users (n = 176), reported demographic, health-related and substance use data. Substance use at 16 was assessed through logistic regression using nonusers as the reference group and controlling for significant variables at 14...
November 2016: Acta Paediatrica
David Hammond, Jessica L Reid
In 2012, Health Canada transitioned caffeinated energy drinks from Natural Health Product to Food and Drug classification and regulations, implementing temporary guidelines with requirements such as caffeine content limits, mandatory cautionary labelling, and restrictions on health claims. "Energy shots" often contain as much or more caffeine compared to energy drinks and have been associated with a similar number of adverse health events. However, current requirements for energy drinks do not apply to energy shots, which remain classified as "natural health products" on the basis that they are "not consumed or perceived as foods" in the same way as energy drinks...
2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Wendy M Troxel, Joan S Tucker, Brett Ewing, Jeremy N V Miles, Elizabeth J D'Amico
This study examines the association between use of energy drinks or products (EP), EP expectancies, and the association between EP use and sleep in a racially and ethnically diverse sample (N = 2,485) of adolescents. Prevalence of EP use was approximately 18%, with no statistically significant racial or ethnic differences in prevalence. There were significant racial and ethnic differences in EP expectancies; Hispanic and Multiracial or Other groups endorsed less positive expectancies than Whites and Asians...
June 20, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Naomi R Marmorstein
Background: Little is known about possible links between energy drink use and psychopathology among youth. This study examined cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between energy drink consumption and psychopathology among early adolescents. In addition, associations between psychopathology and coffee consumption were examined to assess whether findings were specific to energy drinks or also applied to another commonly used caffeinated beverage. Methods: One hundred forty-four youth who participated in the Camden Youth Development Study (72 males; mean age 11...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Caffeine Research
Vincenza Cofini, Maria R Cecilia, Dina DI Giacomo, Nancy Binkin, Ferdinando DI Orio
BACKGROUND: To investigate the prevalence of energy drink (ED) consumption and the associations with social, psychological and behavioral features among an Italian adolescent sample. METHODS: A cross-sectional prevalence study of 450 Italian adolescents attending middle school was conducted. The Italian versions of the European Food Safety Authority's adolescent Energy Drinks Questionnaire and of the Depression and Anxiety in Youth Scale (DAYS) were administered to evaluate ED use and its psychological correlates...
June 8, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Shivani R Khan, Linda B Cottler, Catherine W Striley
BACKGROUND: Predictors of use of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) among youth have been understudied. The current analyses investigated the prevalence of and correlates for use of AmED among alcohol users from a national study of stimulant use among youth. METHODS: The National Monitoring of Adolescent Prescription Stimulants Study (N-MAPSS) assessed behaviors and risk factors for stimulant use from 11,048 youth, 10-18 years of age recruited from entertainment venues across 10 US cities...
June 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Alberto Borraccino, Patrizia Lemma, Paola Berchialla, Nazario Cappello, Joanna Inchley, Paola Dalmasso, Lorena Charrier, Franco Cavallo
BACKGROUNDS AND AIM: Unhealthy eating behaviours increase with age and have been associated with adverse health consequences in adulthood. We examined the influence of screen-based sedentary behaviours (SBs) on unhealthy food consumption, such as energy-dense foods and sweetened drinks, among a representative sample of nearly 60 000 adolescents and assessed the role of possible modifiers. METHODS: Data come from the Italian 2009-10 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey...
August 2016: European Journal of Public Health
Roberta Pacifici, Ilaria Palmi, Paolo Vian, Alessandra Andreotti, Claudia Mortali, Paolo Berretta, Luisa Mastrobattista, Simona Pichini
INTRODUCTION: We investigated emerging trends in consuming behaviours for non-controlled substances in a cross sectional study on urban Italian adolescents and young adults, the reasons for consumption and risk perception as function of age, the relation with lifestyles and finally risk factors associated. METHODS: The survey methodology involved the administration of an anonymous questionnaire. It consisted of 68 questions, divided into five sections: personal details, socioeconomic characteristics, family and peer group, free time and lifestyles, and substances use...
2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
David L Katz
In a recently published IJHPR article, Magnezi and colleagues add to our knowledge of consumption of energy drinks (ED), and alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED), by exploring these patterns among public school students in Tel Aviv, Israel. Prior research on this topic is largely limited to young adults, but adolescents are clearly targets of energy drink marketing, and this age group is at well-known risk for initiating risky exposures. The survey data presented here indicate that ED exposure is widespread in high school, and often begins in middle school...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Jean-Philippe Chaput
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that youth aged 12-17 years achieve ≥60 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (PA) and limit their recreational screen time (ST) to ≤2 h/day. However, whether unhealthy eating behavior is associated with adherence to PA and ST recommendations in youth is largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the associations between adherence to PA and ST recommendations with consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and energy drinks (EDs) in a representative sample of adolescents...
February 27, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Racheli Magnezi, Lisa Carroll Bergman, Haya Grinvald-Fogel, Herman Avner Cohen
BACKGROUND: Energy drink consumption among youth is increasing despite recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics to eliminate consumption by youth. This study provides information on consumption of energy drinks and alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) in a sample of Israeli youth and how consumer knowledge about the risks affects consumption rates. METHODS: The study was conducted in three Tel Aviv public schools, with a total enrollment of 1,253 students in grades 8 through 12...
2015: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
Jennifer L Harris, Christina R Munsell
Concerns about potential dangers from energy drink consumption by youth have been raised by health experts, whereas energy drink manufacturers claim these products are safe and suitable for marketing to teens. This review summarizes the evidence used to support both sides of the debate. Unlike most beverage categories, sales of energy drinks and other highly caffeinated products continue to grow, and marketing is often targeted to youth under the age of 18 years. These products pose a risk of caffeine toxicity when consumed by some young people, and there is evidence of other troubling physiological and behavioral effects associated with their consumption by youth...
April 2015: Nutrition Reviews
Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Michael J Mann, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir, Jack E James
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent use of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) has recently received increased attention. Previous studies have established a strong link between AmED and drunkenness and suggest the importance of understanding associations with AmED use. In this study, we operationalized caffeine as daily consumption of coffee, tea, cola drinks, and energy drinks, and examined whether daily caffeine consumption relates to AmED use and drunkenness. METHOD: We used multilevel structural equation modeling (SEM) with data from the 2013 Youth in Iceland cross-sectional survey among students, ages 16-17 years, who attended all of Iceland's 31 junior colleges (N = 5,784; 75% response rate; 51% girls)...
May 2015: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
J Sluyter, R Scragg, G Waqa, K Fotu, B Swinburn
BACKGROUND: Many studies examining population differences in soft drink consumption or the association it has with fatness have not included serving size in its assessment. It is not clear what effect this has on their findings and our study aimed to investigate this by comparing the relationships that days (serving size unaccounted for) and cans/day (serving size accounted for) of consumption have with ethnicity/country and fatness. METHODS: Daily nutrient intakes were calculated from a self-administered food frequency questionnaire from a cross-sectional health screening study...
March 2014: Pacific Health Dialog
Deborah L Schwartz, Kathryn Gilstad-Hayden, Amy Carroll-Scott, Stephanie A Grilo, Catherine McCaslin, Marlene Schwartz, Jeannette R Ickovics
OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns in sweetened beverage consumption by race/ethnicity and sex, documenting both the amount and types of sweetened beverages consumed; and to examine the association of sweetened beverage consumption with hyperactivity/inattention symptoms among middle school students in a single urban school district. METHODS: Middle school students (n = 1649; 47% Hispanic and 38% black, non-Hispanic) from 12 schools, randomly selected out of 27 district schools, completed health behavior surveys in fall 2011...
May 2015: Academic Pediatrics
Natalie S Poulos, Keryn E Pasch
AIM: Energy drink consumption has been associated with a variety of health risk behaviours, yet little research has explored the relationship between energy drinks and dietary behaviours of emerging adults. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between energy drink consumption and dietary behaviours among energy drink users and non-users within a sample of college youth. METHODS: College freshmen (n = 585, m age = 18.7 years; 47% non-Hispanic White, 20...
November 2015: Perspectives in Public Health
Manal Itany, Batoul Diab, Samar Rachidi, Sanaa Awada, Amal Al Hajje, Wafaa Bawab, Pascale Salameh
BACKGROUND: The new millennium has been together with a variety of synthetic and caffeinated high-energy drinks targeting the youth market. Energy drinks raise the level of energy and their consumption has been increased significantly worldwide. OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to determine patterns of energy drink consumption and to assess the prevalence of adverse side effects among energy drink users. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A pilot cross-sectional study survey was undertaken on students aged between 13 and 30 years in private and public schools and universities in Lebanon over 5 months...
September 2014: International Journal of High Risk Behaviors & Addiction
Shirley A Smoyak, Katerina Nowik, Jennifer Lee
The current article provides a basic literature review on high energy drinks (HED), with and without alcohol, and presents the results of surveys completed by samples of psychiatric nurses and college students. The nurses' responses, including knowledge, attitudes, and practices are compared with student sample responses. HED, which have high caffeine contents, have become increasingly popular with teens and young adults. A recent trend documented in the literature is mixing HED with alcohol. Not only are youth and young adults (who are the highest users of these products) unaware of the dangers of such combination use, but faculty, clinicians, and administrators are also uninformed, misinformed, or unaware of the dangers associated with such use...
January 2015: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Namanjeet Ahluwalia, Kirsten Herrick
There is increasing concern about potential adverse effects of caffeine in children. Our understanding of caffeine intake relies on studies dating to the late 1990s. This article synthesizes information from national studies since then to describe caffeine consumption, its association with sociodemographic factors, key dietary sources including caffeine-containing energy drinks (CCEDs), and trends in caffeine intake and sources among US children. Findings from the Kanter Worldpanel (KWP) Beverage Consumption Panel and the NHANES showed that caffeine consumption prevalence was generally consistent across studies and over time; more than one-half of 2- to 5-y-olds and ∼75% of older children (>5 y) consumed caffeine...
January 2015: Advances in Nutrition
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