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energy drinks and youth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197535/driving-under-the-influence-behaviours-among-high-school-students-who-mix-alcohol-with-energy-drinks
#1
Maria N Wilson, Tammy Cumming, Robin Burkhalter, Donald B Langille, Rachel Ogilvie, Mark Asbridge
Alcohol and energy drinks are commonly used substances by youth in Canada, and are often mixed (AmED). While several studies have shown that AmED can have dangerous effects, less well understood is how AmED is associated with driving under the influence of either alcohol or drugs. This study sought to determine whether youth who use AmED were more likely to engage in driving, or being a passenger of a driver, under the influence of alcohol or cannabis compared to youth who use either alcohol or energy drinks alone...
November 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157188/store-owners-as-potential-agents-of-change-energy-drinks-in-the-interior-of-alaska
#2
Janet M Wojcicki, Peter de Schweinitz
Childhood obesity disproportionately impacts disadvantaged communities, including Alaska Native children. In part, lack of access to fresh fruits and vegetables and over consumption of sugar sweetened beverages including energy drinks contribute to excessive weight gain in Alaska Native youth. This commentary reports the possibility of storeowners and workers partnering with community members to limit sales of nutrient-poor energy drinks through point-of-sale counselling in rural communities in the interior of Alaska...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152918/cosmeceutical-effect-of-ethyl-acetate-fraction-of-kombucha-tea-by-intradermal-administration-in-the-skin-of-aged-mice
#3
Nafiseh Pakravan, Elaheh Mahmoudi, Seyed-Ali Hashemi, Jamal Kamali, Reza Hajiaghayi, Mitra Rahimzadeh, Vajiheh Mahmoodi
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Natural ingredients have been always an interesting approach to prolong youthful appearance of skin. One of the natural compounds is Kombucha tea (KT), which has been mainly used as an energy drink in Asian countries for a long time. Previous reports indicated that it has pharmaceutical and favorable wound repairing effects. The beneficial properties of KT are thought to be mainly due to the presence of fermentation products such as flavonoids and other polyphenols with inhibition of hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes and anti-inflammatory effects...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151382/exposure-and-perceptions-of-marketing-for-caffeinated-energy-drinks-among-young-canadians
#4
David Hammond, Jessica L Reid
OBJECTIVE: To examine exposure to energy drink marketing among youth and young adults, and test perceptions of energy drink advertisements (ads) regarding target audience age and promoting energy drink use during sports. DESIGN: A between-group experiment randomly assigned respondents to view one of four energy drink ads (sport-themed or control) and assessed perceptions of the ad. Regression models examined marketing exposure and perceptions. SETTING: Online survey (2014)...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135989/high-stress-lack-of-sleep-low-school-performance-and-suicide-attempts-are-associated-with-high-energy-drink-intake-in-adolescents
#5
So Young Kim, Songyong Sim, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVE: Although an association between energy drinks and suicide has been suggested, few prior studies have considered the role of emotional factors including stress, sleep, and school performance in adolescents. This study aimed to evaluate the association of energy drinks with suicide, independent of possible confounders including stress, sleep, and school performance. METHODS: In total, 121,106 adolescents with 13-18 years olds from the 2014 and 2015 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey were surveyed for age, sex, region of residence, economic level, paternal and maternal education level, sleep time, stress level, school performance, frequency of energy drink intake, and suicide attempts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109016/modifiable-predictors-of-insufficient-sleep-durations-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-youth-in-the-compass-study
#6
Karen A Patte, Wei Qian, Scott T Leatherdale
The purpose of the current study was to simultaneously examine commonly proposed risk and protective factors for sleep deprivation over time among a large cohort of Ontario and Alberta secondary school students. Using 4-year linked longitudinal data from youth in years 1 through 4 (Y1[2012/2013], Y2[2013/2014], Y3[2014/2015], Y4[2015/2016]) of the COMPASS study (n=26,205), the likelihood of students meeting contemporary sleep recommendations was tested based on their self-reported substance use, bullying victimization, physical activity, and homework and screen time...
November 9, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875062/interactions-between-energy-drink-consumption-and-sleep-problems-associations-with-alcohol-use-among-young-adolescents
#7
Naomi R Marmorstein
Background: Energy drink consumption and sleep problems are both associated with alcohol use among adolescents. In addition, caffeine consumption (including energy drinks) is associated with sleep problems. However, information about how these three constructs may interact is limited. The goal of this study was to examine potential interactions between energy drink consumption and sleep problems in the concurrent prediction of alcohol use among young adolescents. Coffee and soda consumption were also examined for comparison...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Caffeine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845841/caffeinated-energy-drink-consumption-among-adolescents-and-potential-health-consequences-associated-with-their-use-a-significant-public-health-hazard
#8
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Nada Soliman, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Salvatore Di Maio, Mohamed El Kholy, Bernadette Fiscina
Caffeinated energy drinks (EDs) are increasingly popular among adolescents despite growing evidence of their negative health effects. The consumption of EDs has seen a substantial increase during the past few decades, especially in the Western and Asian countries. EDs contain high levels of caffeine, sugar, and novel ingredients, and are often marketed through youth-oriented media and venues. The known and unknown pharmacology of the constituents of EDs poses a risk of caffeine toxicity and other ill effects when consumed by young people...
August 23, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755982/use-and-perceptions-of-caffeinated-energy-drinks-and-energy-shots-in-canada
#9
Danielle Wiggers, Jessica L Reid, Christine M White, David Hammond
INTRODUCTION: In Canada, energy drinks and energy shots are currently classified and regulated differently (food and drugs versus natural health products, respectively), on the assumption that they are used and perceived differently. The current study examined potential differences in use and perceptions of energy drinks and shots. METHODS: An online survey was conducted in 2015 using a national commercial online panel of youth and young adults aged 12-24 years (n=2,040 retained for analysis in 2016)...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526393/energy-drink-consumption-and-marketing-in-south-africa
#10
Nicholas Stacey, Corné van Walbeek, Mashekwa Maboshe, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen Hofman
Energy drinks are a fast-growing class of beverage containing high levels of caffeine and sugar. Advertising and marketing have been key to their growth in South Africa. This paper documents trends in energy drink consumption and energy drink advertising, and examines the relationship between exposure to energy drink advertising and consumption. Logistic regressions were estimated of categories of energy drink consumption on individual characteristics, as well as exposure to energy drink advertising. Exposure to advertising is measured by reported viewing of channels high in energy drink advertising...
May 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426322/formative-research-to-design-a-promotional-campaign-to-increase-drinking-water-among-central-american-latino-youth-in-an-urban-area
#11
Nicole Barrett, Uriyoán Colón-Ramos, Allison Elkins, Ivonne Rivera, W Douglas Evans, Mark Edberg
Latinos consume more sugary drinks and less water than other demographic groups. Our objective was to understand beverage choice motivations and test promotional concepts that can encourage Central American Latino urban youth to drink more water. Two rounds of focus group discussions were conducted (n = 10 focus groups, 61 participants, 6-18 years old). Data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using inductive and deductive coding approaches. Youth motivations for drinking water were shaped by level of thirst, weather, energy, and perceptions of health benefits...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346161/gender-differences-in-sleep-hygiene-practices-and-sleep-quality-in-new-zealand-adolescents-aged-15-to-17-years
#12
Barbara C Galland, Andrew R Gray, Jonathan Penno, Claire Smith, Carmen Lobb, Rachael W Taylor
AIM: To examine, in a nationwide sample of New Zealand adolescents, self-reported sleep hygiene, and specifically evening technology and caffeine use, and body mass index, in relation to sleep quality. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 692 adolescents (59% girls), predominantly European (78%), with an average age of 16 years 9 months were recruited through schools, community advertising, and social media. MEASURES: All participants completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Adolescent Sleep Hygiene Scale online, and questions about their height, weight, evening technology use, and caffeine consumption...
April 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271237/unhealthful-food-and-beverage-advertising-in-subway-stations-targeted-marketing-vulnerable-groups-dietary-intake-and-poor-health
#13
Sean C Lucan, Andrew R Maroko, Omar C Sanon, Clyde B Schechter
Unhealthful food-and-beverage advertising often targets vulnerable groups. The extent of such advertising in subway stations has not been reported and it is not clear how ad placement may relate to subway ridership or community demographics, or what the implications might be for diets and diet-related health in surrounding communities. Riding all subway lines (n = 7) in the Bronx, NY, USA, investigators systematically assessed all print ads (n = 1586) in all stations (n = 68) in 2012. Data about subway ridership came from the Metropolitan Transportation Authority...
April 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182671/screen-based-sedentary-time-association-with-soft-drink-consumption-and-the-moderating-effect-of-parental-education-in-european-children-the-energy-study
#14
Mekdes K Gebremariam, Mai J Chinapaw, Bettina Bringolf-Isler, Elling Bere, Eva Kovacs, Maïté Verloigne, F Marijn Stok, Yannis Manios, Johannes Brug, Nanna Lien
AIM: The aim of the present study was to explore if children who spend more time on screen-based sedentary behaviors (i.e.TV viewing and computer use) drink more sugar-sweetened soft drinks. The study also assessed whether these associations were independent of individual and home environmental correlates of soft drink consumption and whether they were moderated by parental education. METHODS: Data were collected from 7886 children participating in the EuropeaN Energy balance Research to prevent excessive weight Gain among Youth (ENERGY) survey conducted in eight European countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162866/perceptions-and-knowledge-of-caffeinated-energy-drinks-results-of-focus-groups-with-canadian-youth
#15
Cassondra McCrory, Christine M White, Carolyn Bowman, Nancy Fenton, Jessica L Reid, David Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To examine use, knowledge, and perceptions of caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) among youth. DESIGN: Qualitative research using focus group discussions (n = 4). SETTING: Two Canadian cities (Toronto and Montreal). PARTICIPANTS: Youth aged 12-18 years (n = 41). PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Perceived definitions of CEDs, reasons for use, knowledge of health effects, use with alcohol, marketing perceptions, and use and understanding of cautionary statements on packaging...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012834/the-associations-between-e-cigarettes-and-binge-drinking-marijuana-use-and-energy-drinks-mixed-with-alcohol
#16
Sandra Milicic, Scott T Leatherdale
PURPOSE: Use of e-cigarettes by youth is proliferating worldwide, but little is known about the behavioral profile of youth e-cigarette users and the association of e-cigarette use with other health-risky behaviors. This study examines the associations between e-cigarette use and tobacco, marijuana, and alcohol use among a large sample of Canadian youth. METHODS: Using Canadian data from 39,837 grade 9 to 12 students who participated in year 3 (2014-2015) of the COMPASS study, logistic regression models were used to examine how current use of e-cigarettes were associated with tobacco, marijuana, binge drinking, and energy drinks mixed with alcohol...
March 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920973/consumption-of-caffeinated-energy-drinks-among-youth-and-young-adults-in-canada
#17
Jessica L Reid, Cassondra McCrory, Christine M White, Chantal Martineau, Pat Vanderkooy, Nancy Fenton, David Hammond
The growing market for caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) has caused concern about excessive caffeine intake and potential adverse effects, particularly among young people. The current study examined patterns of CED consumption among youth and young adults in Canada, using data from a national online survey conducted in October 2014. Data from a non-probability sample of 2040 respondents aged 12-24 from a consumer panel was weighted to national proportions; measures of CED consumption were estimated, including prevalence, excessive daily consumption, and context for use (locations and reasons)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737671/association-between-energy-drink-intake-sleep-stress-and-suicidality-in-korean-adolescents-energy-drink-use-in-isolation-or-in-combination-with-junk-food-consumption
#18
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Junghyun H Lee
BACKGROUND: A considerable amount of research suggests that the frequent use of caffeinated energy drinks may be associated with undesirable effects, particularly so in children and adolescents. This study aimed to investigate the associations between energy drink intake and mental health problems, in isolation or in combination with junk food consumption, in a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescents. METHODS: Data from the 2015 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey, collected from 68,043 adolescents aged 12-18 years (mean age 15...
October 13, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513298/consuming-energy-drinks-at-the-age-of-14-predicted-legal-and-illegal-substance-use-at-16
#19
Yara Barrense-Dias, André Berchtold, Christina Akre, Joan-Carles Surís
AIM: This study examined whether consuming energy drinks at the age of 14 predicted substance use at 16. METHODS: We followed 621 youths from an area of Switzerland who completed a longitudinal online survey in both 2012 and 2014 when they were 14 and 16 years of age. At 14, participants, who were divided into nonenergy drink users (n = 262), occasional users (n = 183) and regular users (n = 176), reported demographic, health-related and substance use data. Substance use at 16 was assessed through logistic regression using nonusers as the reference group and controlling for significant variables at 14...
November 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348101/if-it-looks-like-a-duck-and-quacks-like-a-duck%C3%A2-energy-shots-should-be-regulated-as-energy-drinks-in-canada
#20
David Hammond, Jessica L Reid
In 2012, Health Canada transitioned caffeinated energy drinks from Natural Health Product to Food and Drug classification and regulations, implementing temporary guidelines with requirements such as caffeine content limits, mandatory cautionary labelling, and restrictions on health claims. "Energy shots" often contain as much or more caffeine compared to energy drinks and have been associated with a similar number of adverse health events. However, current requirements for energy drinks do not apply to energy shots, which remain classified as "natural health products" on the basis that they are "not consumed or perceived as foods" in the same way as energy drinks...
June 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
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