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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897411/skeletal-muscle-density-is-an-independent-predictor-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-outcomes-treated-with-rituximab-based-chemoimmunotherapy
#1
Michael P Chu, Jessica Lieffers, Sunita Ghosh, Andrew Belch, Neil S Chua, Amelie Fontaine, Randeep Sangha, Robert A Turner, Vickie E Baracos, Michael B Sawyer
BACKGROUND: While much cancer research focuses on tumours and their microenvironment, malignancies cause widespread physiologic changes. Cancer and treatment-related sarcopenia, measured with quantitative imaging or as a decrease in overall body mass, are indicative of poor prognosis in elderly diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients, skeletal muscle radiodensity (SMD) may be a better prognostic marker. SMD, a measure of muscle radiation attenuation on CT imaging, is more prognostic than sarcopenia or International Prognostic Index (IPI) scores in follicular lymphoma and multiple solid organ malignancies...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855805/left-ventricular-noncompaction-anatomical-phenotype-or-distinct-cardiomyopathy
#2
Jonathan R Weir-McCall, Phey Ming Yeap, Carla Papagiorcopulo, Kerrie Fitzgerald, Stephen J Gandy, Matthew Lambert, Jill J F Belch, Ian Cavin, Roberta Littleford, Jennifer A Macfarlane, Shona Z Matthew, R Stephen Nicholas, Allan D Struthers, Frank Sullivan, Shelley A Waugh, Richard D White, J Graeme Houston
BACKGROUND: There is considerable overlap between left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC) and other cardiomyopathies. LVNC has been reported in up to 40% of the general population, raising questions about whether it is a distinct pathological entity, a remodeling epiphenomenon, or merely an anatomical phenotype. OBJECTIVES: The authors determined the prevalence and predictors of LVNC in a healthy population using 4 cardiac magnetic resonance imaging diagnostic criteria...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852385/-jinghuaweikang-capsules-combined-with-furazolidone-based-triple-or-quadruple-therapy-as-the-rescue-treatment-for-helicobacter-pylori-infection-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
H Cheng, F L Hu, J Q Sheng, H J An, L Xu, F X Liu, Y Li, Q Hao, P Y Zheng, G F Lu, Z Q Cao, Y P Wang
Objective: To explore the efficacy of Jinhuaweikang capsules plus furazolidone-based triple or quadruple therapy as the rescue treatment for Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) infection. Methods: This is a prospective randomized controlled multicenter clinical trial. Patients with chronic gastritis from H. pylori infection in whom eradication treatment failed were recruited from 6 hospitals. All patients were divided into 4 groups using stratified randomization: group A1 (PAFJ), receiving pantoprazole 40 mg+ amoxicillin 1 000 mg+ furazolidone 100 mg+ Jinghuaweikang 3 capsules, twice a day for 10 d (d1-10); group A2, PAFJ therapy as in group A1, followed by Jinghuaweikang 3 capsules twice a day for 18 d (d11-28); group B1 (PAFB), receiving pantoprazole 40 mg+ amoxicillin 1 000 mg+ furazolidone 100 mg+ bismuth potassium citrate 220 mg, twice a day for 10 d (d1-10); group B2, PAFB therapy as in group B1, followed by Jinghuaweikang 3 capsules twice a day for 18 d (d11-28)...
November 1, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811051/comparison-of-the-use-of-ligasure-versus-a-standard-technique-for-tonsillectomy-in-dogs
#4
A Belch, M Matiasovic, R Rasotto, J Demetriou
The principal aim of this study was to document the effectiveness of tonsillectomy in dogs using a vessel-sealing device compared with a standard technique with tonsillectomy forceps. A secondary aim of the study was to document histopathological changes of the excised tonsillar tissue in dogs with brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome. 20 dogs were studied. The time taken to remove a tonsil using LigaSure was a mean of 44.8 seconds (sd 15 seconds, 95 per cent CI 40  to 57 seconds) and with the standard technique a mean of 305...
November 3, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784839/belching-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-an-impedance-study
#5
Tuba Obekli, Filiz Akyuz, Umit Akyuz, Serpil Arici, Raim İliaz, Suut Gokturk, Sami Evirgen, Bilger Cavus, Cetin Karaca, Kadir Demir, Fatih Besisik, Sabahattin Kaymakoglu
Background/Aims: There are limited data about the relation between belching and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We aimed to evaluate belching in patients with IBS. Methods: Twenty-five patients with IBS and 12 healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study. IBS was diagnosed in accordance with the Rome III criteria. All patients were questioned about the presence of symptoms for belching, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and dyspepsia. Esophageal manometry and 24-hour pH-impedance were performed in all patients and healthy volunteers...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782892/efficacy-of-synbiotic-probiotic-and-prebiotic-treatments-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Ahmet Baştürk, Reha Artan, Aygen Yılmaz
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is an important health problem that presents serious social burdens and high costs. Our study investigated the efficacy of synbiotic (Bifidobacterium lactis B94 with inulin), probiotic (B. lactis B94), and prebiotic (inulin) treatment for IBS in a pediatric age group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was randomized, double-blind, controlled, and prospective in design and included 71 children between the ages of 4 and 16 years who were diagnosed with IBS according to the Rome III criteria...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761761/addressing-heterogeneity-of-individual-blood-cancers-the-need-for-single-cell-analysis
#7
Michael P Chu, Jitra Kriangkum, Christopher P Venner, Irwindeep Sandhu, Joanne Hewitt, Andrew R Belch, Linda M Pilarski
Cancer heterogeneity is a significant factor in response to treatment and escape leading to relapse. Within an individual cancer, especially blood cancers, there exists multiple subclones as well as distinct clonal expansions unrelated to the clinically detected, dominant clone. Over time, multiple subclones and clones undergo emergence, expansion, and extinction. Although sometimes this intra-clonal and inter-clonal heterogeneity can be detected and/or quantified in tests that measure aggregate populations of cells, frequently, such heterogeneity can only be detected using single cell analysis to determine its frequency and to detect minor clones that may subsequently emerge to become drug resistant and dominant...
October 19, 2016: Cell Biology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744659/endoscopic-management-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-revisited
#8
Zaheer Nabi, D Nageshwar Reddy
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is defined by the presence of troublesome symptoms resulting from the reflux of gastric contents. The prevalence of GERD is increasing globally. An incompetent lower esophageal sphincter underlies the pathogenesis of GERD. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) form the core of GERD management. However, a substantial number of patients do not respond well to PPIs. The next option is anti-reflux surgery, which is efficacious, but it has its own limitations, such as gas bloating, inability to belch or vomit, and dysphagia...
September 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703087/cerebral-small-vessel-disease-burden-is-increased-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#9
Stewart J Wiseman, Mark E Bastin, Charlotte L Jardine, Gayle Barclay, Iona F Hamilton, Elaine Sandeman, David Hunt, E Nicole Amft, Susan Thomson, Jill F F Belch, Stuart H Ralston, Joanna M Wardlaw
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) increases stroke risk, but the mechanism is uncertain. This study aimed to determine the association between SLE and features on neuroimaging of cerebral small vessel disease (SVD), a risk factor for stroke. METHODS: Consecutive patients attending a clinic for SLE were recruited. All patients underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging; had blood samples taken for markers of inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, cholesterol, and autoantibodies; and underwent cognitive and psychiatric testing...
November 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687026/fatigue-and-cognitive-function-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-associations-with-white-matter-microstructural-damage-a-diffusion-tensor-mri-study-and-meta-analysis
#10
S J Wiseman, M E Bastin, I F Hamilton, D Hunt, S J Ritchie, E N Amft, S Thomson, J F F Belch, S H Ralston, J M Wardlaw
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate fatigue and cognitive impairments in systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) in relation to diffuse white matter microstructural brain damage. METHODS: Diffusion tensor MRI, used to generate biomarkers of brain white matter microstructural integrity, was obtained in patients with SLE and age-matched controls. Fatigue and cognitive function were assessed and related to SLE activity, clinical data and plasma biomarkers of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction...
September 29, 2016: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598900/ecg-of-the-month-subtle-ecg-change-in-a-31-year-old-man-with-recent-chest-pain
#11
D Luke Glancy
A 31-year-old man had an hour of pain across the upper portion of his chest anteriorly, and it radiated down the inner aspects of both arms. The pain came while he was walking and gradually disappeared as he sat quietly. Six Rolaid tablets did not seem to alter the pain. The pain was unaccompanied by dyspnea, sweating, nausea or vomiting. The night before the patient had had similar pain relieved by Rolaids and belching. After the second episode of pain, he went to the emergency department of a local hospital where an ECG was recorded...
July 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596252/association-between-renin-and-atherosclerotic-burden-in-subjects-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes
#12
Isabel Gonçalves, Andreas Edsfeldt, Helen M Colhoun, Angela C Shore, Carlo Palombo, Andrea Natali, Gunilla Nordin Fredrikson, Harry Björkbacka, Maria Wigren, Eva Bengtsson, Gerd Östling, Kunihiko Aizawa, Francesco Casanova, Margaretha Persson, Kim Gooding, Phil Gates, Faisel Khan, Helen C Looker, Fiona Adams, Jill Belch, Silvia Pinnola, Elena Venturi, Michaela Kozakova, Li-Ming Gan, Volker Schnecke, Jan Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS) has been proposed to contribute to development of vascular complications in type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of the present study was to determine if plasma renin levels are associated with the severity of vascular changes in subjects with and without T2D. METHODS: Renin was analyzed by the Proximity Extension Assay in subjects with (n = 985) and without (n = 515) T2D participating in the SUMMIT (SUrrogate markers for Micro- and Macro-vascular hard endpoints for Innovative diabetes Tools) study and in 205 carotid endarterectomy patients...
2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550660/prevalence-of-unrecognized-myocardial-infarction-in-a-low-intermediate-risk-asymptomatic-cohort-and-its-relation-to-systemic-atherosclerosis
#13
Jonathan R Weir-McCall, Kerrie Fitzgerald, Carla J Papagiorcopulo, Stephen J Gandy, Matthew Lambert, Jill J F Belch, Ian Cavin, Roberta Littleford, Jennifer A Macfarlane, Shona Z Matthew, R Stephen Nicholas, Allan D Struthers, Frank M Sullivan, Shelley A Waugh, Richard D White, J Graeme Houston
AIMS: Unrecognized myocardial infarctions (UMIs) have been described in 19-30% of the general population using late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiac magnetic resonance. However, these studies have focused on an unselected cohort including those with known cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of the current study was to ascertain the prevalence of UMIs in a non-high-risk population using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 5000 volunteers aged >40 years with no history of CVD and a 10-year risk of CVD of <20%, as assessed by the ATP-III risk score, were recruited to the Tayside Screening for Cardiac Events study...
August 22, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509849/fgfr3-preferentially-colocalizes-with-igh-in-the-interphase-nucleus-of-multiple-myeloma-patient-b-cells-when-fgfr3-is-located-outside-of-ct4
#14
Lorri D Martin, Jana Harizanova, Sabine Mai, Andrew R Belch, Linda M Pilarski
Many B-cell malignancies are characterized by chromosomal translocations involving IGH and a proto-oncogene. For translocations to occur, spatial proximity of translocation-prone genes is necessary. Currently, it is not known how such genes are brought into proximity with one another. Although decondensed chromosomes occupy definitive, non-random spaces in the interphase nucleus known as chromosome territories (CTs), chromatin at the edges of CTs can intermingle, and specific genomic regions from some chromosomes have been shown to "loop out" of their respective CTs...
December 2016: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484006/a-meta-analysis-of-long-follow-up-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-nissen-total-versus-toupet-270%C3%A2-fundoplication-for-gastro-esophageal-reflux-disease-based-on-randomized-controlled-trials-in-adults
#15
Xing Du, Zhiwei Hu, Chao Yan, Chao Zhang, Zhonggao Wang, Jimin Wu
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) is the most common surgical procedure for the surgical management of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). Laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication (LTF) has been reported to have a lower prevalence of postoperative complications yet still obtain a similar level of reflux control. We conducted a meta-analysis to confirm the value of LNF and LTF. METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library and Springerlink were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing LNF and LTF...
August 2, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430937/functional-dyspepsia-susceptibility-is-related-to-cd14-gnb3-mif-and-trpv1-gene-polymorphisms-in-the-greek-population
#16
K Triantafyllou, A Kourikou, M Gazouli, G P Karamanolis, G D Dimitriadis
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD) susceptibility might be influenced by polymorphisms of genes related to inflammation (CD14, macrophage migration inhibitory factor [MIF]), motor (GNB3), and sensory dysfunction (GNB3, TRPV1). We examined the association between CD14 rs2569190, GNB3 rs5443, MIF rs222747, and TRPV1 rs755622 gene polymorphisms with FD (Rome III criteria) in the Greek population. METHODS: We genotyped 174 dyspeptics (115 with epigastric pain syndrome; 41% Helicobacter pylori positive) and 181 controls using polymerase chain reaction-based methods and we measured disease symptoms' burden with a modified Gastrointestinal Symptoms Related Scale...
July 19, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356820/editorial-reflux-while-running-something-to-belch-about
#17
D A Carlson, I Hirano
Running is the most popular form of exercise in the United States. Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is common during exercise and may affect performance. Previous studies have focused on increased intra-abdominal pressure as a major determinant of acid reflux during physical exertion. In this issue, Herregods et al. examined the mechanisms of GER in healthy volunteers using simultaneous high-resolution manometry and pH impedance testing performed while running. Novel observations afforded by the utilization of state-of-the-art technology include the importance of transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation ("belch reflex") and transient formation of hiatal hernia during exercise...
July 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27351693/whole-body-cardiovascular-mri-for-the-comparison-of-atherosclerotic-burden-and-cardiac-remodelling-in-healthy-south-asian-and-european-adults
#18
Jonathan R Weir-McCall, Deirdre B Cassidy, Jill J F Belch, Stephen J Gandy, J G Houston, Matthew A Lambert, Roberta C Littleford, Janice Rowland, Allan D Struthers, Faisel Khan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility of using whole-body cardiovascular MRI (WB-CVMR) to compare South Asians (SAs)-a population known to have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) but paradoxically lower prevalence of peripheral arterial disease-and Western Europeans (WEs). METHODS: 19 SAs and 38 age-, gender- and body mass index-matched WEs were recruited. All were aged 40 years and over, free from CVD and with a 10-year risk of CVD <20% as assessed by the adult treatment panel (ATP) III risk score...
September 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345533/-supragastric-belches-an-entity-to-know
#19
Jose C Salazar Quero, M José Moya Jiménez, María Rubio Murillo, Sebastián Roldán Pérez, Alejandro Rodríguez Martínez, Justo Valverde Fernández
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2016: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27332558/functional-dyspepsia-and-gastroparesis
#20
Michael Camilleri
BACKGROUND: Upper gastrointestinal disorders typically present with common symptoms. The most relevant non-mucosal diseases are gastroparesis, functional dyspepsia and rumination syndrome. The literature pertaining to these 3 conditions was reviewed. KEY MESSAGES: Gastroparesis is characterized by delayed gastric emptying in the absence of mechanical obstruction of the stomach. The cardinal symptoms include postprandial fullness (early satiety), nausea, vomiting and bloating...
2016: Digestive Diseases
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