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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527355/antimycotic-activity-of-fengycin-c-biosurfactant-and-its-interaction-with-phosphatidylcholine-model-membranes
#1
Lina María González-Jaramillo, Francisco José Aranda, José Antonio Teruel, Valeska Villegas-Escobar, Antonio Ortiz
Lipopeptide biosurfactants constitute one of the most promising groups of compounds for the treatment and prevention of fungal diseases in plants. Bacillus subtilis strain EA-CB0015 produces iturin A, fengycin C and surfactin and it has been proven useful for the treatment of black Sigatoka disease in banana plants, an important pathology caused by the fungus Mycosphaerella fijiensis (Morelet). We have found that B. subtilis EA-CB0015 cell free supernatants and purified fractions inhibit M. fijiensis cellular growth...
May 10, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523929/genetic-diversity-of-banana-bunchy-top-virus-isolates-from-china
#2
Xue-Qin Rao, Zi-Lin Wu, Lin Zhou, Jie Sun, Hua-Ping Li
Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) (the genus Babuvirus, the family Nanoviridae) is a single-stranded circular DNA virus with a genome composed of six components designated as DNA-R, -U3, -S, -M, -C, and -N. This study analyzed the nucleotide identities of the DNA-R of 23 isolates from banana-producing provinces of China, including Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi, and Yunnan. Results showed that the nucleotide identity of DNA-R was 72.3-100%. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that these BBTV isolates were clustered in different subgroups within the Asian group (AG)...
2017: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523919/editing-plants-for-virus-resistance-using-crispr-cas
#3
J C Green, J S Hu
This minireview summarizes recent advancements using the clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats-associated nuclease systems (CRISPR-Cas) derived from prokaryotes to breed plants resistant to DNA and RNA viruses. The CRISPR-Cas system represents a powerful tool able to edit and insert novel traits into plants precisely at chosen loci offering enormous advantages to classical breeding. Approaches to engineering plant virus resistance in both transgenic and non-transgenic plants are discussed. Iterations of the CRISPR-Cas system, FnCas9 and C2c2 capable of editing RNA in eukaryotic cells offer a particular advantage for providing resistance to RNA viruses which represent the great majority of known plant viruses...
2017: Acta Virologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512379/evaluation-of-pochonia-chlamydosporia-and-purpureocillium-lilacinum-for-suppression-of-meloidogyne-enterolobii-on-tomato-and-banana
#4
Silas D Silva, Regina M D G Carneiro, Marcos Faria, Daniela A Souza, Rose G Monnerat, Rogerio B Lopes
Meloidogyne enterolobii is one of the most important root-knot nematode in tropical regions, due to its ability to overcome resistance mechanisms of a number of host plants. The lack of new and safe active ingredients against this nematode has restricted control alternatives for growers. Egg-parasitic fungi have been considered as potential candidates for the development of bionematicides. In tissue culture plates, Pochonia chlamydosporia (var. catenulata and chlamydosporia) and Purpureocillium lilacinum strains were screened for their ability to infect eggs of the root-knot nematode M...
March 2017: Journal of Nematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510070/sonographic-detection-of-open-spina-bifida-in-the-first-trimester-review-of-the-literature
#5
César Meller, Horacio Aiello, Lucas Otaño
In the beginnings, sonographic diagnosis of open spina bifida (OSB) relied on the meticulous scanning of the fetal vertebrae for abnormalities but many defects were missed. After the mid-1980s, however, with the description of the intracranial findings in the second trimester (the "lemon sign" and the "banana sign"), the prenatal diagnosis of OSB was enhanced. In the last 2 decades, there has been widespread uptake of routine ultrasound examination in the first trimester of pregnancy with the purpose of the measurement of fetal crown-rump length to determine gestational age, to screen for trisomy 21 and other aneuploidies, mainly with the nuchal translucency, and for diagnosis of many major abnormalities...
May 16, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508885/first-characterisation-of-volatile-organic-compounds-emitted-by-banana-plants
#6
Chadi Berhal, Caroline De Clerck, Marie-Laure Fauconnier, Carolina Levicek, Antoine Boullis, Amine Kaddes, Haïssam M Jijakli, François Verheggen, Sébastien Massart
Banana (Musa sp.) ranks fourth in term of worldwide fruit production, and has economical and nutritional key values. The Cavendish cultivars correspond to more than 90% of the production of dessert banana while cooking cultivars are widely consumed locally around the banana belt production area. Many plants, if not all, produce Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) as a means of communication with their environment. Although flower and fruit VOCs have been studied for banana, the VOCs produced by the plant have never been identified despite their importance in plant health and development...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506271/agrobiodiversity-and-in-situ-conservation-in-ethnic-minority-communities-of-xishuangbanna-in-yunnan-province-southwest-china
#7
Shicai Shen, Gaofeng Xu, Diyu Li, David Roy Clements, Fudou Zhang, Guimei Jin, Jianyong Wu, Pingfang Wei, Song Lin, Dayuan Xue
BACKGROUND: Xishuangbanna of Yunnan Province, southwest of China belongs to a global biodiversity and cultural hotspot. Agrobiodiversity plays an essential role in local livelihoods and traditional culture in the region. However, preliminary studies suggest that diversity of crop plants and livestock species is declining. We hypothesized that agrobiodiversity and traditional means of preserving agrobiodiversity are threatened because of changes in government policy in favor of commercial plantations, land use change and changes in traditional agricultural practices...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500777/a-comprehensive-investigation-of-starch-degradation-process-and-identification-of-a-transcriptional-activator-mabhlh6-during-banana-fruit-ripening
#8
Yun-Yi Xiao, Jian-Fei Kuang, Xin-Na Qi, Yu-Jie Ye, Zhen-Xian Wu, Jian-Ye Chen, Wang-Jin Lu
Although starch degradation has been well studied in model systems such as Arabidopsis leaves and cereal seeds, this process in starchy fruits during ripening, especially in bananas, is largely unknown. In this study, 38 genes encoding starch degradation-related proteins were identified and characterized from banana fruit. Expression analysis revealed that 27 candidate genes were significantly induced during banana fruit ripening, with concomitant conversion of starch-to-sugars. Furthermore, iTRAQ-based proteomics experiments identified 18 starch degradation-associated enzymes bound to the surface of starch granules, of which 10 were markedly up-regulated during ripening...
May 13, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500444/development-of-a-recombinase-polymerase-amplification-assay-for-the-diagnosis-of-banana-bunchy-top-virus-in-different-banana-cultivars
#9
Reetika Kapoor, Nishant Srivastava, Shailender Kumar, R K Saritha, Susheel Kumar Sharma, Rakesh Kumar Jain, Virendra Kumar Baranwal
Recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) is a rapid, isothermal amplification method with high specificity and sensitivity. In this study, an assay was developed and evaluated for the detection of banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) in infected banana plants. Three oligonucleotide primer pairs were designed from the replicase initiator protein gene sequences of BBTV to function both in RPA as well as in polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A total of 133 symptomatic as well as asymptomatic banana leaf samples from various cultivars were collected from the different regions of India and evaluated for BBTV infection using the RPA assay...
May 12, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499016/minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-using-banana-shaped-and-straight-cages-radiological-and-clinical-results-from-a-prospective-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Won-Suh Choi, Jin-Sung Kim, Jung-Woo Hur, Ji-Hoon Seong
BACKGROUND: In minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF), cage type and position play important roles in fusion achievement and sagittal alignment correction. However, no prospective randomized comparison of the results using different types of cage has been reported to date. OBJECTIVE: To compare the radiological and clinical outcomes of unilateral MIS-TLIF using 2 types of cage. METHODS: All candidates for single-level MIS-TLIF were randomized into banana-shaped cage and straight-cage groups...
May 10, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490085/cellulose-nanomaterials-emulsion-coatings-for-controlling-physiological-activity-modifying-surface-morphology-and-enhancing-storability-of-postharvest-bananas-musa-acuminate
#11
Zilong Deng, Jooyeoun Jung, John Simonsen, Yanyun Zhao
Cellulose nanomaterials (CNs)-incorporated emulsion coatings with improved moisture barrier, wettability and surface adhesion onto fruit surfaces were developed for controlling postharvest physiological activity and enhancing storability of bananas during ambient storage. Cellulose nanofiber (CNF)-based emulsion coating (CNFC: 0.3% CNF/1% oleic acid/1% sucrose ester fatty acid (w/w wet base)) had low contact angle, high spread coefficient onto banana surfaces, and lower surface tension (ST, 25.4mN/m) than the critical ST (35...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487710/transcriptome-analysis-of-cell-wall-and-nac-domain-transcription-factor-genes-during-elaeis-guineensis-fruit-ripening-evidence-for-widespread-conservation-within-monocot-and-eudicot-lineages
#12
Timothy J Tranbarger, Kim Fooyontphanich, Peerapat Roongsattham, Maxime Pizot, Myriam Collin, Chatchawan Jantasuriyarat, Potjamarn Suraninpong, Somvong Tragoonrung, Stéphane Dussert, Jean-Luc Verdeil, Fabienne Morcillo
The oil palm (Elaeis guineensis), a monocotyledonous species in the family Arecaceae, has an extraordinarily oil rich fleshy mesocarp, and presents an original model to examine the ripening processes and regulation in this particular monocot fruit. Histochemical analysis and cell parameter measurements revealed cell wall and middle lamella expansion and degradation during ripening and in response to ethylene. Cell wall related transcript profiles suggest a transition from synthesis to degradation is under transcriptional control during ripening, in particular a switch from cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectin synthesis to hydrolysis and degradation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480391/anthelmintic-effects-of-dried-ground-banana-plant-leaves-musa-spp-fed-to-sheep-artificially-infected-with-haemonchus-contortus-and-trichostrongylus-colubriformis
#13
Lilian Gregory, Eidi Yoshihara, Leandro Kataoaka Fernandes Silva, Eduardo Carvalho Marques, Bruno Leonardo Mendonça Ribeiro, Enoch Brandão de Souza Meira, Rodolfo Santos Rossi, Alessandro Francisco Talamini do Amarante, Marjorie Yumi Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Helminths is a endoparasites that cause the major losses for profitable sheep production in Brazil. The increased development of resistant strains of endoparasites have enforced the search for sustainable alternatives. The aim of this paper was to provide information about endoparasites control with banana leaves in infected sheep as alternative control strategies and see its viability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we performed two trials to investigate the anthelmintic properties of banana leaves on endoparasites in sheep...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468818/comparative-transcriptomic-analysis-of-race-1-and-race-4-of-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-cubense-induced-with-different-carbon-sources
#14
Shiwen Qin, Chunyan Ji, Yunfeng Li, Zhenzhong Wang
The fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense causes Fusarium wilt, one of the most destructive diseases in banana and plantain cultivars. Pathogenic race 1 attacks the 'Gros Michel' banana cultivar, and race 4 is pathogenic to the Cavendish banana cultivar and those cultivars that are susceptible to Foc1. To understand the divergence in gene expression modules between the two races during degradation of the host cell wall, we performed RNA sequencing to compare the genome-wide transcriptional profiles of the two races grown in media containing banana cell wall, pectin or glucose as the sole carbon source...
May 3, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463934/occipito-frontal-sharp-waves-an-under-recognized-electroencephalogram-pattern-in-self-limited-idiopathic-childhood-focal-epilepsy
#15
Elaine Wyllie, Ahsan N V Moosa
We report four children who highlight the potentially under-recognized electroencephalogram pattern of bilaterally synchronous occipito-frontal sharp waves, which may occur in children with Panayiotopoulos type self-limited childhood epilepsy but may be easily confused with the patterns of symptomatic generalized epilepsy. Our patients were young, healthy children who had infrequent, predominantly nocturnal, fairly prolonged seizures characterized by altered consciousness, vomiting, and autonomic features, or in one case nocturnal secondary generalized tonic-clonic convulsion...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460955/harvest-date-and-crop-level-influence-sensory-and-chemical-profiles-of-ontario-vidal-blanc-and-riesling-icewines
#16
Amy J Bowen, Andrew G Reynolds, Isabelle Lesschaeve
There is likelihood that periods of freezing and thawing endured by icewine grapes change their chemical and sensory profiles. The experimental objective was to determine the influence of harvest date and crop level on icewine sensory profiles and their relationships with chemical variables. Riesling and Vidal blanc (hereinafter "Vidal") icewines were made from four harvest dates in 2004-2005; Harvest 1 (H1): 19 December; H2: 29 December; H3: 18 January; H4: 11 February (Vidal only). Riesling and Vidal icewines were additionally made from three crop level treatments [control (fully cropped), fruit set cluster thinning (i...
November 2016: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455805/the-influence-of-different-strategies-for-the-saccharification-of-the-banana-plant-pseudostem-and-the-detoxification-of-concentrated-broth-on-bioethanol-production
#17
Elias Luiz de Souza, Noeli Sellin, Cintia Marangoni, Ozair Souza
Pseudostem of the Musa cavendishii banana plant was submitted to chemical pretreatments with acid (H2SO4 2%, 120 °C, 15 min) and with alkali (NaOH 3%, 120 °C, 15 min), saccharified by commercial enzymes Novozymes® (Cellic CTec2 and HTec2). The influences of the pretreatments on the degradation of the lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose, porosity of the surface, particle crystallinity, and yield in reducing sugars after saccharification (Y RS), were established. Different concentrations of biomass (70 and 100 g/L in dry matter (dm)), with different physical differences (dry granulated, crushed wet bagasse, and whole pseudostem), were used...
April 28, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452779/which-plants-are-needed-for-a-french-vertical-flow-constructed-wetland-under-a-tropical-climate
#18
R Lombard Latune, O Laporte-Daube, N Fina, S Peyrat, L Pelus, P Molle
Plants are essential in the functioning of constructed wetlands. When setting up systems in tropical areas, Phragmites australis is not always a good choice because of its invasiveness. In vertical-flow constructed wetlands (VFCWs) fed with raw wastewater, the main role of plants is their mechanical action, which helps prevent clogging of the deposited organic matter. Various species have already been used in some tropical climate studies, but generally not for such systems, and no attempt has been made to screen large numbers of alternative species...
April 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451821/genome-wide-analysis-of-autophagy-related-genes-in-banana-highlights-maatg8s-in-cell-death-and-autophagy-in-immune-response-to-fusarium-wilt
#19
Yunxie Wei, Wen Liu, Wei Hu, Guoyin Liu, Chunjie Wu, Wei Liu, Hongqiu Zeng, Chaozu He, Haitao Shi
MaATG8s play important roles in hypersensitive-like cell death and immune response, and autophagy is essential for disease resistance against Foc in banana. Autophagy is responsible for the degradation of damaged cytoplasmic constituents in the lysosomes or vacuoles. Although the effects of autophagy have been extensively revealed in model plants, the possible roles of autophagy-related gene in banana remain unknown. In this study, 32 MaATGs were identified in the draft genome, and the profiles of several MaATGs in response to fungal pathogen Fusarium oxysporum f...
April 27, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449229/exposure-to-texture-of-foods-for-8-month-old-infants-does-the-size-of-the-pieces-matter
#20
Saakje P da Costa, Lianne Remijn, Hugo Weenen, Carel Vereijken, Cees van der Schans
The present study examined the effect of meals varying in amount, size, and hardness of food pieces on the development of the chewing capabilities of 8-month-old infants. The study also examined changes in shivering, gagging, coughing, choking, and their ability to eat from a spoon. In an in-home setting two groups were given commercially available infant meals and fruits, purees with either less, smaller and softer or more, larger and harder pieces. Both groups were given these foods for 4 weeks and were monitored several times during this period...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
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