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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944746/using-two-sex-life-tables-to-determine-fitness-parameters-of-four-bactrocera-species-diptera-tephritidae-reared-on-a-semi-artificial-diet
#1
W Jaleel, J Yin, D Wang, Y He, L Lu, H Shi
Fruit flies in the genus Bactrocera are global, economically important pests of agricultural food crops. However, basic life history information about these pests, which is vital for designing more effective control methods, is currently lacking. Artificial diets can be used as a suitable replacement for natural host plants for rearing fruit flies under laboratory conditions, and this study reports on the two-sex life-table parameters of four Bactrocera species (Bactrocera correcta, Bactrocera dorsalis, Bactrocera cucurbitae, and Bactrocera tau) reared on a semi-artificial diet comprising corn flour, banana, sodium benzoate, yeast, sucrose, winding paper, hydrochloric acid and water...
September 25, 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944538/mumads1-and-maofp1-regulate-fruit-quality-in-a-tomato-ovate-mutant
#2
Juhua Liu, Jing Zhang, Jingyi Wang, Jianbin Zhang, Hongxia Miao, Caihong Jia, Zhuo Wang, Biyu Xu, Zhiqiang Jin
Fruit ripening and quality are common botanical phenomena that are closely linked and strictly regulated by transcription factors. It was previously discovered that a banana MADS-box protein named MuMADS1 interacted with an ovate family protein named MaOFP1 to regulate banana fruit ripening. In order to further investigate the role of MuMADS1 and MaOFP1 in the regulation of fruit quality, a combination of genetic transformation and transcriptional characterization was used. The results indicated that the co-expression of MuMADS1 and MaOFP1 in the ovate mutant could compensate for fruit shape and inferior qualities relating to fruit firmness, soluble solids and sugar content...
September 25, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928510/co-extrusion-of-food-grains-banana-pulp-for-nutritious-snacks-optimization-of-process-variables
#3
D Mridula, Swati Sethi, Surya Tushir, Sheetal Bhadwal, R K Gupta, S K Nanda
Present study was undertaken to optimize the process conditions for development of food grains (maize, defatted soy flour, sesame seed)-banana based nutritious expanded snacks using extrusion processing. Experiments were designed using Box-Behnken design with banana pulp (8-24 g), screw speed (300-350 rpm) and feed moisture (14-16% w.b.). Seven responses viz. expansion ratio (ER), bulk density (BD), water absorption index (WAI), protein, minerals, iron and sensory acceptability were considered for optimizing independent parameters...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927400/genome-sequencing-of-the-staple-food-crop-white-guinea-yam-enables-the-development-of-a-molecular-marker-for-sex-determination
#4
Muluneh Tamiru, Satoshi Natsume, Hiroki Takagi, Benjamen White, Hiroki Yaegashi, Motoki Shimizu, Kentaro Yoshida, Aiko Uemura, Kaori Oikawa, Akira Abe, Naoya Urasaki, Hideo Matsumura, Pachakkil Babil, Shinsuke Yamanaka, Ryo Matsumoto, Satoru Muranaka, Gezahegn Girma, Antonio Lopez-Montes, Melaku Gedil, Ranjana Bhattacharjee, Michael Abberton, P Lava Kumar, Ismail Rabbi, Mai Tsujimura, Toru Terachi, Wilfried Haerty, Manuel Corpas, Sophien Kamoun, Günter Kahl, Hiroko Takagi, Robert Asiedu, Ryohei Terauchi
BACKGROUND: Root and tuber crops are a major food source in tropical Africa. Among these crops are several species in the monocotyledonous genus Dioscorea collectively known as yam, a staple tuber crop that contributes enormously to the subsistence and socio-cultural lives of millions of people, principally in West and Central Africa. Yam cultivation is constrained by several factors, and yam can be considered a neglected "orphan" crop that would benefit from crop improvement efforts...
September 19, 2017: BMC Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921374/prostate-cancer-clinical-presentation-incidence-mortality-and-survival-in-guadeloupe-over-the-period-2008-2013-from-a-population-based-cancer-registry
#5
J Deloumeaux, B Bhakkan, R Eyraud, F Braud, N Manip M'Ebobisse, P Blanchet, L Brureau
PURPOSE: The Caribbean population of Guadeloupe has one of the highest incidence rates of prostate cancer worldwide. In 2008, a population-based cancer registry was set up for the monitoring of cancer incidence in the aftermath of the environmental pollution with chlordecone, a persistent organochlorine insecticide formerly used in banana plantations. We describe the clinical presentation, incidence, mortality and survival of prostate cancer for the period 2008-2013. METHODS: The Guadeloupe cancer registry has been routinely collecting all incident cases of cancer since 2008...
September 18, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905295/between-breed-variations-in-resistance-resilience-to-gastrointestinal-nematodes-among-indigenous-goat-breeds-in-uganda
#6
R B Onzima, R Mukiibi, A Ampaire, K K Benda, E Kanis
Gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs), Haemonchus contortus, are a major health problem in goat production. Resistance to H. contortus, the most prevalent GIN in Uganda, was studied among three indigenous goat breeds to assess their differences. Twelve male goats of each breed approximately 7 months old of small East African (SEA), Mubende, and Kigezi goats from smallholder farmers in Arua, Mubende, and Kabale were assembled for the study. At the station, they were dewormed with a combination therapy of the broad-spectrum dewormers closantel and albendazole to free the goats of gastrointestinal parasites...
September 13, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891270/genetic-diversity-and-pathogenicity-of-fusarium-species-associated-with-fruit-rot-disease-in-banana-across-peninsular-malaysia
#7
Nur Baiti Abd Murad, Nik Mohd Izham Nik Mohamed, Shamarina Shohaimi, Nur Ain Izzati Mohd Zainudin
AIMS: The aims of this study are to identify the Fusarium isolates based on translation elongation factor (tef) 1α sequence, to determine the genetic diversity among isolates and species using selected microsatellite markers, and to examine the pathogenicity of Fusarium isolates causing fruit rot disease of banana. METHODS AND RESULTS: One-hundred thirteen microfungi isolates were obtained from fruit rot infected banana in Peninsular Malaysia. However, this study was focused on the dominant number of the discovered microfungi that belongs to the genus Fusarium...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887738/ripe-banana-flour-as-a-source-of-antioxidants-in-layer-and-sponge-cakes
#8
Cristina Segundo, Laura Román, Manuel Lobo, Mario M Martinez, Manuel Gómez
About one-fifth of all bananas harvested become culls that are normally disposed of improperly. However, ripe banana pulp contains significant amounts of fibre and polyphenol compounds as well as a high content of simple sugars (61.06 g/100 g), making it suitable for sucrose replacement in bakery products. This work studied the feasibility of incorporating ripe banana flour (20 and 40% of replacement) in cake formulation. Physical, nutritional and sensory attributes of sponge and layer cakes were evaluated...
September 8, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876357/phosphate-solubilization-by-endophytic-bacteria-isolated-from-banana-trees
#9
Amanda D M Matos, Izabela C P Gomes, Silvia Nietsche, Adelica A Xavier, Wellington S Gomes, José A Dos Santos, Marlon C T Pereira
Forty isolates of endophytic bacteria isolated from banana tree roots were assessed as to their capacity to solubilize phosphate in a solid culture medium supplemented with different inorganic and one organic source of phosphorus. The amount of phosphorus (P) in each liquid medium was quantified, and an indirect assessment of acid phosphatase activity was performed. All assays had a fully randomized design, with three repetitions. Approximately 67.5% of the 40 isolates assessed in solid medium solubilized phosphorus from tricalcium phosphate and 7...
September 4, 2017: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875151/molecular-characterization-structural-modeling-and-evaluation-of-antimicrobial-activity-of-basrai-thaumatin-like-protein-against-fungal-infection
#10
Nusrat Yasmin, Mahjabeen Saleem, Mamoona Naz, Roquyya Gul, Hafiz Muzzammel Rehman
A thaumatin-like protein gene from Basrai banana was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Amplified gene product was cloned into pTZ57R/T vector and subcloned into expression vector pET22b(+) and resulting pET22b-basrai TLP construct was introduced into E. coli BL21. Maximum protein expression was obtained at 0.7 mM IPTG concentration after 6 hours at 37°C. Western blot analysis showed the presence of approximately 20 kDa protein in induced cells. Basrai antifungal TLP was tried as pharmacological agent against fungal disease...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873957/more-to-the-bunch-study-finds-large-chromosomal-swaps-key-to-banana-domestication
#11
Joseph Caspermeyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873516/comparative-analysis-of-pigments-in-red-and-yellow-banana-fruit
#12
Xiumin Fu, Sihua Cheng, Yinyin Liao, Bingzhi Huang, Bing Du, Wei Zeng, Yueming Jiang, Xuewu Duan, Ziyin Yang
Color is an important characteristic determining the fruit value. Although ripe bananas usually have yellow peels, several banana cultivars have red peels. As details of the pigments in banana fruits are unknown, we investigated these pigments contents and compositions in the peel and pulp of red cultivar 'Hongjiaowang' and yellow cultivar 'Baxijiao' by UPLC-PDA-QTOF-MS and HPLC-PDA techniques. The 'Hongjiaowang' peel color was mainly determined by the presence of anthocyanin-containing epidermal cells. Rutinoside derivatives of cyanidin, peonidin, petunidin, and malvidin were unique to the red peel, and possibly responsible for the red color...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869543/nitrogen-doped-carbon-nanoparticles-for-oxygen-reduction-prepared-via-a-crushing-method-involving-a-high-shear-mixer
#13
Lei Shi, Tao Wu, Yiqing Wang, Jie Zhang, Gang Wang, Jinli Zhang, Bin Dai, Feng Yu
The disposal of agricultural wastes such as fresh banana peels (BPs) is an environmental issue. In this work, fresh BPs were successfully transformed into nitrogen-doped carbon nanoparticles (N-CNPs) by using a high shear mixer facilitated crushing method (HSM-FCM) followed by carbonization under Ar atmosphere. Ammonia-activated N-CNPs (N-CNPs-NH₃) were prepared via subsequent ammonia activation treatments at a high temperature. The as-prepared N-CNPs and N-CNPs-NH₃ materials both exhibited high surface areas (above 700 m²/g) and mean particle size of 50 nm...
September 4, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859383/effect-of-alginate-in-patients-with-gerd-hiatal-hernia-matters
#14
R Vardar, M Keskin, E Valitova, B Bayrakci, E Yildirim, S Bor
Alginate-based formulations are frequently used as add-on proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy to help control of heartburn and regurgitation. There are limited data regarding the mechanisms and effects of alginate-based formulations. We aimed to evaluate the effects of the sodium alginate intake and its likely temporal relations on intraesophageal reflux events by MII-pH in patients with and without hiatal hernia (HH). Fifty GERD patients (18 with HH, 32 without HH) with heartburn or regurgitation once a week or more common were included...
October 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851274/the-core-regulatory-network-of-the-abscisic-acid-pathway-in-banana-genome-wide-identification-and-expression-analyses-during-development-ripening-and-abiotic-stress
#15
Wei Hu, Yan Yan, Haitao Shi, Juhua Liu, Hongxia Miao, Weiwei Tie, Zehong Ding, XuPo Ding, Chunlai Wu, Yang Liu, Jiashui Wang, Biyu Xu, Zhiqiang Jin
BACKGROUND: Abscisic acid (ABA) signaling plays a crucial role in developmental and environmental adaptation processes of plants. However, the PYL-PP2C-SnRK2 families that function as the core components of ABA signaling are not well understood in banana. RESULTS: In the present study, 24 PYL, 87 PP2C, and 11 SnRK2 genes were identified from banana, which was further supported by evolutionary relationships, conserved motif and gene structure analyses. The comprehensive transcriptomic analyses showed that banana PYL-PP2C-SnRK2 genes are involved in tissue development, fruit development and ripening, and response to abiotic stress in two cultivated varieties...
August 29, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839042/evolutionarily-conserved-alternative-splicing%C3%A2-across-monocots
#16
Wenbin Mei, Lucas Boatwright, Guanqiao Feng, James C Schnable, W Brad Barbazuk
One difficulty when identifying alternative splicing (AS) events in plants is distinguishing functional AS from splicing noise. One way to add confidence to the validity of a splice isoform is to observe that it is conserved across evolutionarily related species. We use a high throughput method to identify junction based conserved AS events from RNA-Seq data across nine plant species including: five grass monocots (maize, sorghum, rice, Brachpodium and foxtail millet), plus two non-grass monocots (banana and African oil palm), the eudicot Arabidopsis and the basal angiosperm Amborella In total, 9,804 AS events were found to be conserved between 2 or more species studied...
August 24, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830835/bioinformatics-analysis-to-assess-potential-risks-of-allergenicity-and-toxicity-of-hrap-and-pflp-proteins-in-genetically-modified-bananas-resistant-to-xanthomonas-wilt-disease
#17
Yuan Jin, Richard E Goodman, Afua O Tetteh, Mei Lu, Leena Tripathi
Banana Xanthomonas wilt (BXW) disease threatens banana production and food security throughout East Africa. Natural resistance is lacking among common cultivars. Genetically modified (GM) bananas resistant to BXW disease were developed by inserting the hypersensitive response-assisting protein (Hrap) or/and the plant ferredoxin-like protein (Pflp) gene(s) from sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum). Several of these GM banana events showed 100% resistance to BXW disease under field conditions in Uganda. The current study evaluated the potential allergenicity and toxicity of the expressed proteins HRAP and PFLP based on evaluation of published information on the history of safe use of the natural source of the proteins as well as established bioinformatics sequence comparison methods to known allergens (www...
August 19, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828756/diversity-of-microbiota-associated-with-symptomatic-and-non-symptomatic-bacterial-wilt-diseased-banana-plants-determined-using-16s-rrna-metagenome-sequencing
#18
Nurul Shamsinah Mohd Suhaimi, Share-Yuan Goh, Noni Ajam, Rofina Yasmin Othman, Kok-Gan Chan, Kwai Lin Thong
Banana is one of the most important fruits cultivated in Malaysia, and it provides many health benefits. However, bacterial wilt disease, which attacks bananas, inflicts major losses on the banana industry in Malaysia. To understand the complex interactions of the microbiota of bacterial wilt-diseased banana plants, we first determined the bacterial communities residing in the pseudostems of infected (symptomatic) and diseased-free (non-symptomatic) banana plants. We characterized the associated microorganisms using the targeted 16S rRNA metagenomics sequencing on the Illumina MiSeq platform...
August 21, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821063/development-and-characterization-of-banana-flour-film-incorporated-with-montmorillonite-and-banana-starch-nanoparticles
#19
Aungkana Orsuwan, Rungsinee Sothornvit
Banana flour film is an alternative biopolymer material but still needs improvement of its mechanical properties and water vapor permeability. Banana starch nanoparticles (BSNs), prepared using miniemulsion cross-linking, make an interesting reinforcing agent. The properties of plasticized banana flour film (PBF) were characterized incorporated with 5% (w/w) of either montmorillonite; MMT-Na(+) (PBF-M) or BSN (PBF-B), including a mixture of nanoparticles at 1:1 for 5% (PBF-MB5) and 10% (PBF-MB10). PBF-MB5 provided better improvement in the film mechanical and water barrier properties compared with PBF-B...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821040/characteristics-of-a-free-standing-film-from-banana-pseudostem-nanocellulose-generated-from-tempo-mediated-oxidation
#20
R H Fitri Faradilla, George Lee, Ji-Youn Arns, Justine Roberts, Penny Martens, Martina H Stenzel, Jayashree Arcot
Demand for bioplastic, especially for food packaging, increases as the consumers become more aware of the destructive effect of non-biodegradable plastics. Nanocellulose from banana pseudo-stem has great potential to be formed as a bioplastic. This study aimed to characterize the free-standing film produced from banana pseudo-stem nanocellulose that was prepared by TEMPO-mediated oxidation. The film was found containing calcium oxalate crystals, which most likely influenced the film transparency and possibly affected the contact angle and tensile strength...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
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