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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627245/phytochemical-screening-and-in-vitro-evaluation-of-pharmacological-activities-of-peels-of-musa-sapientum-and-carica-papaya-fruit
#1
Sarmad Siddique, Shamsa Nawaz, Faqir Muhammad, Bushra Akhtar, Bilal Aslam
Aqueous, absolute and 80% ethanolic extract of fruit peels of Musa sapientum and Carica papaya were investigated for their antibacterial activity, measured by disc diffusion method and antioxidant activity, measured by four different methods. Papaya and banana peels were found to contain terpenoids, tannins, alkaloids, saponins steroid, phenols, fixed oils and fats. 80% ethanolic extract of banana peel was found to contain highest total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC) and antioxidant activity but in papaya peel, highest TPC and reducing activity was shown by water extract while, TFC and radical scavenging activity was given by 80% ethanolic extract...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625036/sago-worms-as-a-nutritious-traditional-and-alternative-food-for-rural-children-in-southeast-sulawesi-indonesia
#2
Intan R Nirmala, Trees, Suwarni, Mochammad S Pramono
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The sago worm Rhynchophorus ferrugineus is a nutritious food source found in the remaining parts of a sago palm trunk after the removal of sago starch by farmers. The effort to increase sago worm consumption is investigated in an intervention study among children aged <5 years. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Children aged 1-5 years were allocated to a sago worm inclusive diet (n=10) and to a control group eating a usual diet, but without sago worms (n=13)...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617656/sarcocystis-pantherophis-n-sp-from-eastern-rat-snakes-pantherophis-alleghaniensis-definitive-hosts-and-interferon-gamma-gene-knockout-mice-as-experimental-intermediate-hosts
#3
Shiv Verma, David Lindsay, Joseph Mowery, Benjamin Rosenthal, J P Dubey
Here we report a new species, Sarcocystis pantherophisi n. sp. with the Eastern rat snake (Pantherophis alleghaniensis) as natural definitive host and the interferon gamma gene knockout (KO) mouse as the experimental intermediate host. Sporocysts (n = 15) from intestinal contents of the snake were 17.3 x 10.9 µm. Sporocysts were orally infective to interferon gamma KO mice but not to laboratory raised albino outbred house mice (Mus musculus). The interferon gamma KO mice developed schizont-associated neurological signs and schizonts were cultivated in vitro from the brain...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615718/genome-wide-analyses-of-sweet-family-proteins-reveal-involvement-in-fruit-development-and-abiotic-biotic-stress-responses-in-banana
#4
Hongxia Miao, Peiguang Sun, Qing Liu, Yulu Miao, Juhua Liu, Kaixing Zhang, Wei Hu, Jianbin Zhang, Jingyi Wang, Zhuo Wang, Caihong Jia, Biyu Xu, Zhiqiang Jin
Sugars Will Eventually be Exported Transporters (SWEET) are a novel type of sugar transporter that plays crucial roles in multiple biological processes. From banana, for the first time, 25 SWEET genes which could be classified into four subfamilies were identified. Majority of MaSWEETs in each subfamily shared similar gene structures and conserved motifs. Comprehensive transcriptomic analysis of two banana genotypes revealed differential expression patterns of MaSWEETs in different tissues, at various stages of fruit development and ripening, and in response to abiotic and biotic stresses...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615681/genome-wide-analysis-of-banana-mads-box-family-closely-related-to-fruit-development-and-ripening
#5
Juhua Liu, Jing Zhang, Jianbin Zhang, Hongxia Miao, Jingyi Wang, Pengzhao Gao, Wei Hu, Caihong Jia, Zhuo Wang, Biyu Xu, Zhiqiang Jin
Proteins encoded by MADS-box genes are important transcription factors involved in the regulation of flowering plant growth and development. Currently, no systematic information exists regarding the MADS-box family in the important tropical fruit banana. Ninety-six MADS-box genes were identified from the banana (Pahang) A genome. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that Musa acuminata MCM1-AGAMOUS- DEFICIENS-SRF (MaMADS) could be divided into MIKC(c), MIKC*, Mα/β and Mγ groups. MIKC(c) could be further divided into 11 subfamilies, which was further supported by conserved motif and gene structure analyses...
June 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610997/identification-of-multienzymatic-complexes-in-the-clonostachys-byssicola-secretomes-produced-in-response-to-different-lignocellulosic-carbon-sources
#6
Helder Andrey Rocha Gomes, Adelson Joel da Silva, Diana Paola Gómez-Mendoza, Agenor Castro Moreira Dos Santos Júnior, Nicholas de Mojana di Cologna, Rosane Mansan Almeida, Robert Neil Gerard Miller, Wagner Fontes, Marcelo Valle de Sousa, Carlos André Ornelas Ricart, Edivaldo Ximenes Ferreira Filho
Multienzymatic complexes with plant lignocellulose-degrading activities have recently been identified in filamentous fungi secretomes. Such complexes have potential biotechnological applications in the degradation of agro-industrial residues. Fungal species from the Clonostachys genus have been intensively investigated as biocontrol agents; however so far their use as producers of lignocellulose-degrading enzymes has not been extensively explored. Secretomes of Clonostachys byssicola following growth on different carbon sources (passion fruit peel, soybean hulls, cotton gin trash, banana stalk, sugarcane bagasse, orange peel, and a composition of soybean hulls: cotton gin trash:orange peel) were subjected to enzymatic assays...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609178/traditional-galactagogue-foods-and-their-connection-to-human-milk-volume-in-thai-breastfeeding-mothers
#7
Ganokwun Buntuchai, Patcharanee Pavadhgul, Wirin Kittipichai, Warapone Satheannoppakao
BACKGROUND: Thai traditional galactagogue consumption is still observed today. However, there are few scientific studies that describe this practice. Research aim: The aim of this study was to describe the connection between traditional galactagogue consumption and human milk volume. METHODS: Self-reported maternal surveys ( N = 36) were conducted of mothers and their infants who breastfeed exclusively. The mothers were interviewed about traditional galactagogue consumption and intake of protein-rich foods using a semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593553/prenatal-diagnosis-of-spina-bifida-from-intracranial-translucency-to-intrauterine-surgery
#8
Waldo Sepulveda, Amy E Wong, Francisco Sepulveda, Juan L Alcalde, Juan C Devoto, Felipe Otayza
Accurate and timely prenatal diagnosis of spina bifida (SB) is a major goal of modern antenatal care. Prenatal screening for open SB should be first performed at the time of routine first-trimester ultrasound by examining the posterior fossa for obliteration or non-visualization of the fourth ventricle ("intracranial translucency") and cisterna magna. The second step of screening is the second-trimester anatomy scan, at which time the features of the Chiari type II malformation should be looked for, including ventriculomegaly, scalloping of the frontal bones ("lemon" sign), and backward and caudal displacement of the cerebellar vermis with obliteration of the cisterna magna ("banana" sign)...
June 7, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586365/trait-variation-and-genetic-diversity-in-a-banana-genomic-selection-training-population
#9
Moses Nyine, Brigitte Uwimana, Rony Swennen, Michael Batte, Allan Brown, Pavla Christelová, Eva Hřibová, Jim Lorenzen, Jaroslav Doležel
Banana (Musa spp.) is an important crop in the African Great Lakes region in terms of income and food security, with the highest per capita consumption worldwide. Pests, diseases and climate change hamper sustainable production of bananas. New breeding tools with increased crossbreeding efficiency are being investigated to breed for resistant, high yielding hybrids of East African Highland banana (EAHB). These include genomic selection (GS), which will benefit breeding through increased genetic gain per unit time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577465/nanocomposites-based-on-banana-starch-reinforced-with-cellulose-nanofibers-isolated-from-banana-peels
#10
Franciele Maria Pelissari, Margarita María Andrade-Mahecha, Paulo José do Amaral Sobral, Florencia Cecilia Menegalli
Cellulose nanofibers were isolated from banana peel using a combination of chemical and mechanical treatments with different number of passages through the high-pressure homogenizer (0, 3, 5, and 7 passages). New nanocomposites were then prepared from a mixed suspension of banana starch and cellulose nanofibers using the casting method and the effect of the addition of these nanofibers on the properties of the resulting nanocomposites was investigated. The cellulose nanofibers homogeneously dispersed in the starch matrix increased the glass transition temperature, due to the strong intermolecular interactions occurring between the starch and cellulose...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575404/evolution-of-the-banana-genome-musa-acuminata-is-impacted-by-large-chromosomal-translocations
#11
Guillaume Martin, Françoise Carreel, Olivier Coriton, Catherine Hervouet, Céline Cardi, Paco Derouault, Danièle Roques, Frédéric Salmon, Mathieu Rouard, Julie Sardos, Karine Labadie, Franc-Christophe Baurens, Angélique D'Hont
Most banana cultivars are triploid seedless parthenocarpic clones derived from hybridization between Musa acuminata subspecies and sometimes M. balbisiana. M. acuminata subspecies were suggested to differ by a few large chromosomal rearrangements based on chromosome pairing configurations in inter-subspecies hybrids. We searched for large chromosomal rearrangements in a seedy M. acuminata ssp. malaccensis banana accession through mate-pair sequencing, BAC-FISH, targeted PCR and marker (DArTseq) segregation in its progeny...
May 30, 2017: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575283/quantification-of-oral-roughness-perception-and-comparison-with-mechanism-of-astringency-perception
#12
Brianne Linne, Christopher T Simons
Texture contributes to food acceptance, but oral texture perception is incompletely understood. Presently, we quantified individual sensitivities to lingual tactile roughness and assessed the impact of age, salivary flow (SF), and fungiform papillae density (FPD) on threshold and suprathreshold perception. Additionally, we tested the hypothesis that individuals highly sensitive to tactile roughness exhibit sensitivity to astringent stimuli. Detection thresholds (DTs) were determined using the staircase method for surface roughness from stainless steel coupons (Ra; 0...
June 1, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575037/elucidation-of-the-compatible-interaction-between-banana-and-meloidogyne-incognita-via-high-throughput-proteome-profiling
#13
Aisyafaznim Al-Idrus, Sebastien Christian Carpentier, Mohamad Taufiq Ahmad, Bart Panis, Zulqarnain Mohamed
With a diverse host range, Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) is listed as one of the most economically important obligate parasites of agriculture. This nematode species establishes permanent feeding sites in plant root systems soon after infestation. A compatible host-nematode interaction triggers a cascade of morphological and physiological process disruptions of the host, leading to pathogenesis. Such disruption is reflected by altered gene expression in affected cells, detectable using molecular approaches...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572965/nutrient-composition-functional-and-pasting-properties-of-unripe-cooking-banana-pigeon-pea-and-sweetpotato-flour-blends
#14
Ehimen R Ohizua, Abiodun A Adeola, Micheal A Idowu, Olajide P Sobukola, T Adeniyi Afolabi, Raphael O Ishola, Simeon O Ayansina, Tolulope O Oyekale, Ayorinde Falomo
This study investigated some quality attributes of unripe cooking banana (UBF), pigeon pea (PPF), and sweetpotato (SPF) flour blends. Simplex centroid mixture design was used to obtain 17 blends from the flours. The nutrient composition, color, and functional properties of the blends were evaluated using standard methods. Data were subjected to analysis of variance and treatment means were compared using Duncan's multiple range test at 5% probability level. There were significant (p < .05) differences in the nutrient composition, and functional and pasting properties of the blends...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572313/draft-genome-sequence-of-blood-disease-bacterium-a2-hr-mardi-a-pathogen-causing-banana-bacterial-wilt
#15
Rafidah Badrun, Norliza Abu Bakar, Rozeita Laboh, Rohaiza Redzuan, Indu Bala Jaganath
Blood disease bacterium A2 HR-MARDI was isolated from banana plants infected with banana blood disease and which were planted in Kuala Kangsar, Malaysia. Here, we report a draft genome sequence of blood disease bacterium A2 HR-MARDI, which could provide important information on the virulence mechanism of this pathogen.
June 1, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570907/melanin-gamma-rays-assistants-for-bismuth-oxide-nanoparticles-synthesis-at-room-temperature-for-enhancing-antimicrobial-and-photocatalytic-activity
#16
Ahmed I El-Batal, Gharieb S El-Sayyad, Abbas El-Ghamry, Kerolos M Agaypi, Mohamed A Elsayed, Mohamed Gobara
Melanin pigment has been deemed as a natural photoprotector with strong hydrophobicity. It allured considerable compatibility with many applications in medicine, food, and nanotechnology. Penicillium chrysogenium has been devoted to the green synthesis of melanin whereby optimizing its culture and environmental conditions. The impacts of alternative economic L-tyrosine natural sources (unprecedented alternate origins) and gamma radiation were pledged for the potential growing of the pigment. Herein, notable increases in melanin yield (6...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566493/urinary-amine-sampling-for-tumour-detection-revisiting-the-recommendations
#17
Jean-Benoit Corcuff, Laurence Chardon, Ines El Hajji Ridah, Julie Brossaud
Context Biogenic amines such as 5-hydroxy-indole acetic acid (5HIAA), the main metabolite of serotonin or metanephrines, catecholamines metabolites, are used as biomarkers of neuroendocrine tumours Objective To re-evaluate the recommendations for urinary sampling (preservatives, diet, drugs, …) as many of the reported analytical interferences supporting these recommendations are related to obsolete assays. Methods Bibliographic analysis of old and modern amine assays concerning preservation, extraction, assay and interferences...
May 31, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560514/illumina-based-sequencing-analysis-directed-selection-for-actinobacterial-probiotic-candidates-for-banana-plants
#18
Xin Du, Yanyan Zhai, Qingli Deng, Hongming Tan, Lixiang Cao
As potential probiotic candidates, plant vertically transmitted actinobacteria are beneficial to growth and health of host plants. New methods to isolate the actinobacterial taxa with low growth rates should be developed. Based on the actinobacterial population information, the probiotic actinobacterial taxa could be directly isolated from healthy banana shoot tips. However, actinobacterial DNAs with high GC contents could bias estimates of actinobacteria by PCR. In the study, two amplicon sequencing strategies were adopted to elucidate the endophytic actinobacterial community of banana plants...
May 30, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559879/agrobacterium-tumefaciens-mediated-transformation-of-pseudocercospora-fijiensis-to-determine-the-role-of-pfhog1-in-osmotic-stress-regulation-and-virulence-modulation
#19
Francis Onyilo, Geoffrey Tusiime, Li-Hung Chen, Bryce Falk, Ioannis Stergiopoulos, Jaindra N Tripathi, Wilberforce Tushemereirwe, Jerome Kubiriba, Charles Changa, Leena Tripathi
Black Sigatoka disease, caused by Pseudocercospora fijiensis is a serious constraint to banana production worldwide. The disease continues to spread in new ecological niches and there is an urgent need to develop strategies for its control. The high osmolarity glycerol (HOG) pathway in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is well known to respond to changes in external osmolarity. HOG pathway activation leads to phosphorylation, activation and nuclear transduction of the HOG1 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). The activated HOG1 triggers several responses to osmotic stress, including up or down regulation of different genes, regulation of protein translation, adjustments to cell cycle progression and synthesis of osmolyte glycerol...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551510/food-transit-duration-is-associated-with-the-number-of-stage-ii-transport-cycles-when-eating-solid-food
#20
Takashi Hiraoka, Jeffrey B Palmer, Martin B Brodsky, Mitsumasa Yoda, Haruhi Inokuchi, Akio Tsubahara
OBJECTIVE: When eating solids, stage II transport (St2Tr) propels triturated food into the pharynx for bolus formation and storage before swallowing. Although the existence of St2Tr is acknowledged, the reason for its existence remains unclear. Understanding it may facilitate development of food appropriate for individuals with dysphagia. The purpose of this study was to explore how measures of duration of eating and swallowing affect the number of St2Tr cycles. DESIGN: Videofluorography was performed on 13 healthy subjects eating 6-g squares of banana, tofu, and cookies...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
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