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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195335/voluntary-binge-consumption-of-ethanol-in-a-sweetened-chocolate-flavored-solution-by-male-and-female-adolescent-sprague-dawley-rats
#1
Dominika Hosová, Linda Patia Spear
BACKGROUND: The still maturing adolescent brain may be particularly vulnerable to lasting consequences of ethanol (EtOH) exposure. Yet, human adolescents are the age group most likely to engage in binge drinking (a pattern of drinking leading to blood EtOH concentrations (BECs) of 80 mg/dl or greater). Most studies to date assessing the long-term effects of adolescent EtOH exposure in outbred rodent populations have either used experimenter-administered EtOH to produce BECs in the binge range or assessed voluntary intake of EtOH at well below binge levels...
February 14, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187402/effect-of-thai-banana-musa-aa-group-in-reducing-accumulation-of-oxidation-end-products-in-uvb-irradiated-mouse-skin
#2
Nontaphat Leerach, Swanya Yakaew, Preeyawass Phimnuan, Wichuda Soimee, Wongnapa Nakyai, Witoo Luangbudnark, Jarupa Viyoch
SCOPE: Chronic UVB exposure causes skin disorders and cancer through DNA strand breaks and oxidation of numerous functional groups of proteins and lipids in the skin. In this study, we investigated the effects of Thai banana (Musa AA group, "Khai," and Musa ABB group, "Namwa") on the prevention of UVB-induced skin damage when fed to male ICR mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mice were orally fed banana (Khai or Namwa) fruit pulps at dose of 1mg/g body weight/day for 12weeks...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186895/nonlinear-deep-kernel-learning-for-image-annotation
#3
Mingyuan Jiu, Hichem Sahbi
Multiple kernel learning (MKL) is a widely used technique for kernel design. Its principle consists in learning, for a given support vector classifier, the most suitable convex (or sparse) linear combination of standard elementary kernels. However, these combinations are shallow and often powerless to capture the actual similarity between highly semantic data, especially for challenging classification tasks such as image annotation. In this paper, we redefine multiple kernels using deep multi-layer networks...
February 8, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185296/a-report-of-cerebral-malaria-treated-with-automated-red-blood-cell-exchange
#4
Waseem Q Anani, Gerald P Smith, Mehraboon Irani, Kathleen E Puca
BACKGROUND: Adjunctive automated whole blood or red blood cell exchange (RBCEx) can rapidly decrease malarial hyperparasitemia. Several case reports and series suggest improvement in clinical symptomatology; however, recent Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations concluded that RBCEx has no efficacy as an adjunctive therapy. We present a case of mental status changes secondary to cerebral malaria treated with automated RBCEx resulting in rapid and dramatic neurologic improvement...
February 10, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179225/influence-of-temperate-subtropical-and-tropical-fruit-consumption-on-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-an-asian-population
#5
Derrick Johnston Alperet, Lesley M Butler, Woon-Puay Koh, Jian-Min Yuan, Rob M van Dam
Background: Findings on the relation between fruit consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been inconsistent.Objectives: We examined whether the consumption of total, temperate, subtropical, and tropical fruit is associated with T2DM risk and whether differences in the carbohydrate quality of fruit influence T2DM risk in Asians.Design: We included 45,411 participants in the Singapore Chinese Health Study who were 45-74 y old and had no diabetes, cancer, or cardiovascular disease at recruitment (1993-1998)...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178348/development-of-a-hydrolysis-probe-based-real-time-assay-for-the-detection-of-tropical-strains-of-fusarium-oxysporum-f-sp-cubense-race-4
#6
Jaime Aguayo, Diane Mostert, Céline Fourrier-Jeandel, Isabelle Cerf-Wendling, Bruno Hostachy, Altus Viljoen, Renaud Ioos
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc) is one of the most important threats to global banana production. Strategies to control the pathogen are lacking, with plant resistance offering the only long-term solution, if sources of resistance are available. Prevention of introduction of Foc into disease-free areas thus remains a key strategy to continue sustainable banana production. In recent years, strains of Foc affecting Cavendish bananas have destroyed plantations in a number of countries in Asia and in the Middle East, and one African country...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174057/sweet-waste-extract-uptake-by-a-mosquito-vector-survival-biting-fecundity-responses-and-potential-epidemiological-significance
#7
Hamady Dieng, Tomomitsu Satho, Fatimah Abang, Nur Khairatun Khadijah Binti Meli, Idris A Ghani, Cirilo Nolasco-Hipolito, Hafijah Hakim, Fumio Miake, Abu Hassan Ahmad, Sabina Noor, Wan Fatma Zuharah, Hamdan Ahmad, Abdul Hafiz A Majid, Ronald E Morales Vargas, Noppawan P Morales, Siriluck Attrapadung, Gabriel Tonga Noweg
In nature, adult mosquitoes typically utilize nectar as their main energy source, but they can switch to other as yet unidentified sugary fluids. Contemporary lifestyles, with their associated unwillingness to consume leftovers and improper disposal of waste, have resulted in the disposal of huge amounts of waste into the environment. Such refuse often contains unfinished food items, many of which contain sugar and some of which can collect water from rain and generate juices. Despite evidence that mosquitoes can feed on sugar-rich suspensions, semi-liquids, and decaying fruits, which can be abundant in garbage sites, the impacts of sweet waste fluids on dengue vectors are unknown...
February 4, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173802/malaria-from-hyperendemicity-to-elimination-in-hekou-county-on-china-vietnam-border-an-ecological-study
#8
Jian-Wei Xu, Jian-Jie Li, Hong-Ping Guo, Shu-Wei Pu, Shu-Mei Li, Rong-Hua Wang, Hui Liu, Wei-Jia Wang
BACKGROUND: Malaria control and elimination are challenged by diversity and complexity of the determinants on the international border in the Great Mekong Sub-region. Hekou, a Chinese county on the China-Vietnam border, was used to document Chinese experiences and lessons for malaria control and elimination. METHODS: The design was an ecological study. Malaria burden before 1951 and procedures of 64 years (1952-2015) from malaria hyperendemicity to elimination are described...
February 7, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167884/pathological-status-of-pyricularia-angulata-causing-blast-and-pitting-disease-of-banana-in-eastern-india
#9
Sangeetha Ganesan, Hari Shankar Singh, Srinivas Petikam, Debasish Biswal
Incidence of leaf blast on nursery plants and pitting disease on maturing banana bunches has been recorded in banana plantations during rainy season in Eastern India during 2014 to 2015. Taxonomical identification as well as DNA sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer region of fungus isolated from affected tissue culture derived plantlets and fruits confirmed the pathogen to be Pyricularia angulata Hashioka "in both the cases". Koch's postulates were proved on young plantlets as well as on maturing fruits of cv...
February 2017: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130221/gene-expression-analysis-in-musa-acuminata-during-compatible-interactions-with-meloidogyne-incognita
#10
Nancy Eunice Niño Castañeda, Gabriel Sergio Costa Alves, Rosane Mansan Almeida, Edson Perito Amorim, Claudia Fortes Ferreira, Roberto Coiti Togawa, Marcos Mota Do Carmo Costa, Priscila Grynberg, Jansen Rodrigo Pereira Santos, Juvenil Enrique Cares, Robert Neil Gerard Miller
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoparasitic root-knot nematodes (RKNs) (Meloidogyne spp.) cause considerable losses in banana (Musa spp.), with Meloidogyne incognita a predominant species in Cavendish sub-group bananas. This study investigates the root transcriptome in Musa acuminata genotypes 4297-06 (AA) and Cavendish Grande Naine (CAV; AAA) during early compatible interactions with M. incognita METHODS: Roots were analysed by brightfield light microscopy over a 35 d period to examine nematode penetration and morphological cell transformation...
January 27, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116625/assessing-the-ecological-impact-of-banana-farms-on-water-quality-using-aquatic-macroinvertebrate-community-composition
#11
Ola Svensson, Angelina Sanderson Bellamy, Paul J Van den Brink, Michael Tedengren, Jonas S Gunnarsson
In Costa Rica, considerable effort goes to conservation and protection of biodiversity, while at the same time agricultural pesticide use is among the highest in the world. Several protected areas, some being wetlands or marine reserves, are situated downstream large-scale banana farms, with an average of 57 pesticide applications per year. The banana industry is increasingly aware of the need to reduce their negative environmental impact, but few ecological field studies have been made to evaluate the efficiency of proposed mitigation strategies...
January 23, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111769/suitability-of-combination-of-calcium-propionate-and-chitosan-for-preserving-minimally-processed-banana-quality
#12
Amin Mirshekari, Babak Madani, John B Golding
BACKGROUND: Marketability of fresh-cut banana slices is limited by the rapid rate of fruit softening and browning. However there is no scientific literature on the role of postharvest calcium propionate and chitosan treatment on quality attributes of fresh cut banana and therefore the aim of this research was to investigate these effects. RESULTS: This study showed that the application of calcium propionate plus chitosan (CaP+Chit) treatment retained higher firmness, ascorbic acid content (AA) content, total antioxidant activity (TAA) and total phenolic compounds (TPC) with lower browning, polyphenol oxidase (PPO), peroxidase (POD), polygalacturonase (PG) and pectin methyl esterase (PME) activities and microbial growth compared with the control banana slices after five days of cold storage...
January 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106710/banana-passion-fruit-passiflora-mollissima-kunth-l-h-bailey-microencapsulation-phytochemical-composition-and-antioxidant-capacity
#13
Almudena García-Ruiz, Amadeo Girones-Vilaplana, Paola León, Diego A Moreno, Carla M Stinco, Antonio J Meléndez-Martínez, Jenny Ruales
Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) L.H. Bailey is an exotic fruit native to South America, known as taxo in Ecuador. This paper characterizes its flavonoid and carotenoid composition and antioxidant capacity and evaluates the effect of the spray-drying process on its phytochemical composition and antioxidant capacity. A total of 18 flavonoid compounds, nine proanthocyanidins and nine flavan-3-ol monomers, were identified and quantified. Glycosides of (epi)-afzelechin stood out as the most abundant flavonoid. Three carotenoids were identified, with β-carotene having the highest concentration...
January 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106262/phlebotomine-sandfly-ecology-on-the-indian-subcontinent-does-village-vegetation-play-a-role-in-sandfly-distribution-in-bihar-india
#14
D M Poché, R M Poché, S Mukherjee, G A Franckowiak, L N Briley, D J Somers, R B Garlapati
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a disease that results in approximately 50 000 human deaths annually. It is transmitted through the bites of phlebotomine sandflies and around two-thirds of cases occur on the Indian subcontinent. Indoor residual spraying (IRS), the efficacy of which depends upon sandfly adults resting indoors, is the only sandfly control method used in India. Recently, in Bihar, India, considerable sandfly numbers have been recorded outdoors in village vegetation, which suggests that IRS may control only a portion of the population...
January 20, 2017: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106078/comparative-phosphoproteomics-reveals-an-important-role-of-mkk2-in-banana-musa-spp-cold-signal-network
#15
Jie Gao, Sheng Zhang, Wei-Di He, Xiu-Hong Shao, Chun-Yu Li, Yue-Rong Wei, Gui-Ming Deng, Rui-Bin Kuang, Chun-Hua Hu, Gan-Jun Yi, Qiao-Song Yang
Low temperature is one of the key environmental stresses, which greatly affects global banana production. However, little is known about the global phosphoproteomes in Musa spp. and their regulatory roles in response to cold stress. In this study, we conducted a comparative phosphoproteomic profiling of cold-sensitive Cavendish Banana and relatively cold tolerant Dajiao under cold stress. Phosphopeptide abundances of five phosphoproteins involved in MKK2 interaction network, including MKK2, HY5, CaSR, STN7 and kinesin-like protein, show a remarkable difference between Cavendish Banana and Dajiao in response to cold stress...
January 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098339/the-effect-of-blue-light-on-stomatal-oscillations-and-leaf-turgor-pressure-in-banana-leaves
#16
Yotam Zait, Or Shapira, Amnon Schwartz
Stomatal oscillations are cyclic opening and closing of stomata, presumed to initiate from hydraulic mismatch between leaf water supply and transpiration rate. To test this assumption, mismatches between water supply and transpiration were induced using manipulations of VPD (vapor pressure deficit) and light spectrum in banana (Musa acuminata). Simultaneous measurements of gas exchange with changes in leaf turgor pressure were used to describe the hydraulic mismatches. An increase of VPD above a certain threshold, caused stomatal oscillations with variable amplitudes...
January 18, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091971/mate-limitation-in-fungal-plant-parasites-can-lead-to-cyclic-epidemics-in-perennial-host-populations
#17
Virginie Ravigné, Valérie Lemesle, Alicia Walter, Ludovic Mailleret, Frédéric M Hamelin
Fungal plant parasites represent a growing concern for biodiversity and food security. Most ascomycete species are capable of producing different types of infectious spores both asexually and sexually. Yet the contributions of both types of spores to epidemiological dynamics have still to been fully researched. Here we studied the effect of mate limitation in parasites which perform both sexual and asexual reproduction in the same host. Since mate limitation implies positive density dependence at low population density, we modeled the dynamics of such species with both density-dependent (sexual) and density-independent (asexual) transmission rates...
January 13, 2017: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089203/carbon-footprint-and-energy-use-of-food-waste-management-options-for-fresh-fruit-and-vegetables-from-supermarkets
#18
Mattias Eriksson, Johanna Spångberg
Food waste is a problem with economic, environmental and social implications, making it both important and complex. Previous studies have addressed food waste management options at the less prioritised end of the waste hierarchy, but information on more prioritised levels is also needed when selecting the best available waste management options. Investigating the global warming potential and primary energy use of different waste management options offers a limited perspective, but is still important for validating impacts from the waste hierarchy in a local context...
January 11, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088677/the-relationship-between-children-s-sensitivity-to-dominant-and-non-dominant-patterns-of-lexical-stress-and-reading-accuracy
#19
Joanne Arciuli
This study reports on a new task for assessing children's sensitivity to lexical stress for words with different stress patterns and demonstrates that this task is useful in examining predictors of reading accuracy during the elementary years. In English, polysyllabic words beginning with a strong syllable exhibit the most common or dominant pattern of lexical stress (e.g., "coconut"), whereas polysyllabic words beginning with a weak syllable exhibit a less common non-dominant pattern (e.g., "banana"). The new Aliens Talking Underwater task assesses children's ability to match low-pass filtered recordings of words to pictures of objects...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080110/spoken-words-can-make-the-invisible-visible-testing-the-involvement-of-low-level-visual-representations-in-spoken-word-processing
#20
Markus Ostarek, Falk Huettig
The notion that processing spoken (object) words involves activation of category-specific representations in visual cortex is a key prediction of modality-specific theories of representation that contrasts with theories assuming dedicated conceptual representational systems abstracted away from sensorimotor systems. In the present study, we investigated whether participants can detect otherwise invisible pictures of objects when they are presented with the corresponding spoken word shortly before the picture appears...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
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