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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719281/risk-factors-for-household-transmission-of-vibrio-cholerae-in-dhaka-bangladesh-chobi7-trial
#1
Vanessa Burrowes, Jamie Perin, Shirajum Monira, David A Sack, Mahamud-Ur Rashid, Toslim Mahamud, Zillur Rahman, Munshi Mustafiz, Sazzadul I Bhuyian, Farzana Begum, Fatema Zohura, Shwapon Biswas, Tahmina Parvin, Tasdik Hasan, Xiaotong Zhang, Bradley R Sack, K M Saif-Ur-Rahman, Munirul Alam, Christine Marie George
AbstractHousehold contacts of cholera patients are at a 100 times higher risk of a Vibrio cholerae infection than the general population. To examine risk factors for V. cholerae infections and investigate intervention strategies among this population, we followed household contacts of cholera patients for the 1-week high-risk period after the index patient obtained care. This study was nested within a randomized controlled trial of the Cholera-Hospital-Based-Intervention-for-7-days (CHoBI7), a handwashing with soap and water treatment intervention in Dhaka, Bangladesh...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702145/catheter-related-urinary-nosocomial-infections-in-intensive-care-units-an-epidemiologic-study-in-north-of-iran
#2
Mohammad Sadegh Rezai, Masoumeh Bagheri-Nesami, Attieh Nikkhah
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common infections in developing countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of nosocomial catheter- associated UTI and its related factors in hospitalized patients in intensive care units of hospitals affiliated to Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, in 2014. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on patients who were admitted in hospitals and urinary catheterization was performed for them...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698756/treatment-of-decubitis-ulcer-stage-iv-in-the-patient-with-polytrauma-and-vertical-share-pelvic-fracture-diagnosed-entherocollitis-and-deep-wound-infection-with-clostridium-difficile-with-combined-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-npwt-and-faecal-management-system
#3
Slavcho Stojmenski, Igor Merdzanovski, Andrej Gavrilovski, Sofija Pejkova, Gjorge Dzokic, Smilja Tudzarova
AIM: The aim of this paper was to present a case with the successful treatment of decubitis ulcer stage IV in the patient with polytrauma and vertical share pelvic fracture and diagnosed entherocollitis combined with deep wound infection with Clostridium difficile treated with combined Negative Pressure Wound Therapy (NPWT) and faecal management system. CASE REPORT: Patient D.S.1967 treated on Traumatology Clinic after tentamen suicide on 9.2.2015 with diagnosis: brain contusion; contusion of thoracal space; vertical share pelvic fracture; open fracture type II of the right calcaneus; fracture of the left calcaneus; fracture on the typical place of the left radius; fracture of the right radius with dislocation...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687410/radiographic-gapometry-score-a-simple-predictor-for-surgical-approach-in-pediatric-traumatic-posterior-urethral-strictures
#4
Virender Sekhon, Sharmad J Kudchadkar, Anubhav Raj, M S Ansari
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic posterior urethral injuries in children are rare events. Their management algorithms are extrapolations from adult literature and they continue to pose a difficult challenge for pediatric urologists. Not much data for age-related feasibility of an end-to-end urethroplasty are available. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to validate a simple preoperative radiographic score to predict the type of surgical repair for traumatic posterior urethral strictures in children...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653513/-barriers-related-to-the-use-of-self-catheterization-preliminary-survey-of-perception-and-implications
#5
T Debugne, S Foucret, F Moissenet
INTRODUCTION: the use of clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) has been widely advocated after spinal cord injury. Nevertheless, implementing this technique remains problematic in practice; reasons for this reluctance range from lack of experience to availability of material. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 1. To identify a list of barriers related to the use of intermittent catheterization ; 2. To identify specific assessment tools in relation with these barriers ; 3...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639706/exercise-for-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-for-improving-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes
#6
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Gilles Ceysens, Michel Boulvain
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with both short- and long-term complications for the mother and her baby. Exercise interventions may be useful in helping with glycaemic control and improve maternal and infant outcomes.The original review on Exercise for diabetic pregnant women has been split into two new review titles reflecting the role of exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes and for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes. Exercise for pregnant women with gestational diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes (this review) Exercise for pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes for improving maternal and fetal outcomes OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of exercise interventions for improving maternal and fetal outcomes in women with GDM...
June 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637428/quality-of-care-provided-in-two-scottish-rural-community-maternity-units-a-retrospective-case-review
#7
Sara Denham, Tracy Humphrey, Ruth Taylor
BACKGROUND: Women in Scotland with uncomplicated pregnancies are encouraged by professional bodies and national guidelines to access community based models of midwife-led care for their labour and birth. The evidence base for these guidelines relates to comparisons of predominantly urban birth settings in England. There appears to be little evidence available about the quality of the care during the antenatal, birth and post birth periods available for women within the Scottish Community Maternity Unit (CMU) model...
June 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623980/moving-toward-more-appropriate-care-for-women-with-pelvic-labial-or-perineal-venous-disease
#8
EDITORIAL
John V White
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616723/post-operative-strictures-in-anorectal-malformation-trends-over-15%C3%A2-years
#9
Charlotte Holbrook, Devesh Misra, Indre Zaparackaite, Stewart Cleeve
AIM: For decades, paediatric surgeons have employed the standard posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) approach to deal with patients with anorectal malformations (ARM). In recent years, we noted an apparent increase in the incidence of anal stricture after surgical repair of ARM following the introduction of laparoscopic pull-through and techniques aiming to preserve the internal sphincter-the internal sphincter sparing approach (ISSA). We decided to analyse our data to find out if these new trends had added to the problem of post-operative strictures...
August 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614442/skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-retrospective-study-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#10
Luís Filipe Malheiro, Rita Magano, Alcina Ferreira, António Sarmento, Lurdes Santos
Objective: To identify factors that may influence outcomes in patients with severe skin and soft tissue infections in the intensive care unit. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted in a cohort of 1,123 critically ill patients admitted to an intensive care unit with a primary or secondary diagnosis of severe skin and soft tissues infection between January 2006 and December 2014. Results: Thirty patients were included, 20 (66...
June 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608597/perineal-techniques-during-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-reducing-perineal-trauma
#11
REVIEW
Vigdis Aasheim, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Liv Merete Reinar, Mirjam Lukasse
BACKGROUND: Most vaginal births are associated with trauma to the genital tract. The morbidity associated with perineal trauma can be significant, especially when it comes to third- and fourth-degree tears. Different interventions including perineal massage, warm or cold compresses, and perineal management techniques have been used to prevent trauma. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in 2011. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of perineal techniques during the second stage of labour on the incidence and morbidity associated with perineal trauma...
June 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604063/vaginal-self-sampling-as-a-diagnosis-tool-in-low-income-countries-and-potential-applications-for-exploring-the-infectious-causes-of-miscarriage
#12
Jean-Christophe Lagier, Nafissatou Diagne, Florence Fenollar, Catherine Tamalet, Cheikh Sokhna, Didier Raoult
Gynecological health is a challenge in low-income countries. Personal opposition to perineal examination has been overcome by the use of vaginal self-sampling. Here, we review the use of this procedure notably in low-income countries and the main infectious causes of miscarriage. Vaginal self-sampling was mainly used for human papillomavirus detection but also to detect microorganisms causing sexually transmitted infections or bacterial vaginosis. 58 studies have been performed in low-resource countries, mainly studies performed to detect human papillomavirus in urban and peri-urban areas and demonstrating excellent acceptability...
June 12, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591209/sexual-function-and-postpartum-depression-6-months-after-attempted-operative-vaginal-delivery-according-to-fetal-head-station-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Guillaume Ducarme, Jean-François Hamel, Stéphanie Brun, Hugo Madar, Benjamin Merlot, Loïc Sentilhes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the fetal head station at attempted operative vaginal delivery (aOVD), and specifically midpelvic or low aOVD, on female and male sexual function and symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD) at 6 months. DESIGN: Prospective population-based cohort study. SETTING: 1,941 women with singleton term fetuses in vertex presentation with midpelvic or low aOVD between 2008 and 2013 in a tertiary care university hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570256/the-vulva-an-uncommon-presentation-of-a-pressure-ulcer
#14
Elena Conde Montero, José María Martínez Gómiz, Pablo de la Cueva Dobao
Pressure ulcers may develop in different locations. Vulvar pressure ulcers can be easily misdiagnosed and, moreover, have been rarely reported in the literature. Surgical procedures that involve prolonged pressure on this area may trigger these lesions. CASE REPORT: The authors present a case of a vulvar pressure ulcer secondary to the use of a perineal post to provide countertraction during surgical repair of a hip fracture. Diagnosis was made after excluding other possible causes with anatomopathological and microbiological analysis...
May 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567231/effect-of-lavender-oil-aroma-in-the-early-hours-of-postpartum-period-on-maternal-pains-fatigue-and-mood-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Farideh Vaziri, Mahsa Shiravani, Fatemeh Sadat Najib, Saeedeh Pourahmad, Alireza Salehi, Zahra Yazdanpanahi
BACKGROUND: Busy care providers focus on the serious complications of postpartum period. This issue causes the seemingly trivial complications, such as mother's pains, fatigue, and psychological status, to be less taken into account. The study aimed to determine the effect of lavender oil aroma in the early hours of postpartum period on maternal pains, fatigue, and mood in primiparous mothers. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 56 participants; 29 in intervention group and 27 in control group...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544071/a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial-for-assessment-of-perineal-hydrodissection-technique-for-nervesparing-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#16
G Hatiboglu, T Simpfendörfer, L Uhlmann, M A Bergero, S Macher-Goeppinger, S Pahernik, B Hadaschik, M Hohenfellner, D Teber
BACKGROUND: This study prospectively evaluated the safety and efficacy of perineal hydrodissection in robot assisted nervesparing prostatectomy. METHODS: Patients were randomized for perineal, ultrasound guided hydrodissection (HD) before radical prostatectomy and compared with standard treatment (ST). Follow-up was done every 3 months, including erectile function (IIEF5-score), reported grade of erection, ability for sexual intercourse, continence, PSA. RESULTS: 21 patients were enrolled to this prospective study, 10 for ST and 11 for HD...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539008/position-in-the-second-stage-of-labour-for-women-without-epidural-anaesthesia
#17
REVIEW
Janesh K Gupta, Akanksha Sood, G Justus Hofmeyr, Joshua P Vogel
BACKGROUND: For centuries, there has been controversy around whether being upright (sitting, birthing stools, chairs, squatting, kneeling) or lying down (lateral (Sim's) position, semi-recumbent, lithotomy position, Trendelenburg's position) have advantages for women giving birth to their babies. This is an update of a review previously published in 2012, 2004 and 1999. OBJECTIVES: To determine the possible benefits and risks of the use of different birth positions during the second stage of labour without epidural anaesthesia, on maternal, fetal, neonatal and caregiver outcomes...
May 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529661/slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-management-and-the-arthroscope
#18
F Accadbled, O May, C Thévenin-Lemoine, J Sales de Gauzy
BACKGROUND: In situ pinning of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) results in various degrees of deformity of the femoral head-neck junction. Repetitive trauma from cam-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can lead to labral tears and injury to the articular cartilage causing loss of function. Arthroscopic osteoplasty is an alternative to open procedure and to Southwick/Imhäuser-type osteotomies in symptomatic selected cases. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: The amount of bone to be resected has to be carefully planned pre-operatively...
April 2017: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472859/lifestyle-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#19
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Nisreen A Alwan, Jane West, Stephen Brown, Christopher Jd McKinlay, Diane Farrar, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is glucose intolerance, first recognised in pregnancy and usually resolving after birth. GDM is associated with both short- and long-term adverse effects for the mother and her infant. Lifestyle interventions are the primary therapeutic strategy for many women with GDM. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined lifestyle interventions with or without pharmacotherapy in treating women with gestational diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (14 May 2016), ClinicalTrials...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471439/relationships-between-cerebral-autoregulation-and-markers-of-kidney-and-liver-injury-in-neonatal-encephalopathy-and-therapeutic-hypothermia
#20
J K Lee, J Perin, C Parkinson, M O'Connor, M M Gilmore, M Reyes, J Armstrong, J M Jennings, F J Northington, R Chavez-Valdez
OBJECTIVE: We studied whether cerebral blood pressure autoregulation and kidney and liver injuries are associated in neonatal encephalopathy (NE). STUDY DESIGN: We monitored autoregulation of 75 newborns who received hypothermia for NE in the neonatal intensive care unit to identify the mean arterial blood pressure with optimized autoregulation (MAPOPT). Autoregulation parameters and creatinine, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were analyzed using adjusted regression models...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
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