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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181995/is-the-bishop-score-significant-in-predicting-the-success-of-labor-induction-in-multiparous-women
#1
D Navve, N Orenstein, R Ribak, Y Daykan, G Shechter-Maor, T Biron-Shental
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Bishop-score upon admission effects mode of delivery, maternal or neonatal outcomes of labor induction in multiparous women. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study including 600 multiparous women with a singleton pregnancy, 34 gestational weeks and above who underwent labor induction for maternal, fetal or combined indications. Induction was performed with one of three methods- oxytocin, a slow release vaginal prostaglandin E2 insert (10 mg dinoprostone) or a transcervical double balloon catheter...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181214/aspirin-single-dose-for-perineal-pain-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#2
REVIEW
Sujana Molakatalla, Emily Shepherd, Rosalie M Grivell
BACKGROUND: Perineal trauma (due to spontaneous tears, surgical incision (episiotomy) or in association with operative vaginal birth) is common after vaginal birth, and is often associated with postpartum perineal pain. Birth over an intact perineum may also lead to perineal pain. There are adverse health consequences associated with perineal pain for the women and their babies in the short- and long-term, and the pain may interfere with newborn care and the establishment of breastfeeding...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144174/an-early-record-of-meloidogyne-fallax-from-ireland
#3
Olivera Topalović, John F Moore, Toon Janssen, Wim Bert, Gerrit Karssen
Root-knot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp., cause huge economic losses worldwide. Currently, three Meloidogyne spp. are present on the quarantine A2 list of EPPO, Meloidogyne chitwoodi, Meloidogyne fallax and Meloidogyne enterolobii. As a quarantine organism, Meloidogyne fallax has been detected in England and Northern Ireland on sport turf in 2011, and in England on leek in 2013. However, its presence in Ireland has probably been overlooked since 1965, when Mr. John F. Moore and Dr. Mary T. Franklin had detected a new Meloidogyne species for that time...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141793/sex-specific-associations-between-cerebrovascular-blood-pressure-autoregulation-and-cardiopulmonary-injury-in-neonatal-encephalopathy-and-therapeutic-hypothermia
#4
Raul Chavez-Valdez, Matthew O'Connor, Jamie Perin, Michael Reyes, Jillian Armstrong, Charlamaine Parkinson, Maureen Gilmore, Jacky Jennings, Frances J Northington, Jennifer K Lee
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary injury is common in neonatal encephalopathy, but the link with cerebrovascular dysfunction is unknown. We hypothesized that cerebral autoregulation is associated with cardiopulmonary injury in neonates treated with therapeutic hypothermia (TH) for neonatal encephalopathy. METHODS: The cerebral hemoglobin volume index (HVx) from near-infrared spectroscopy was used to identify the mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) with optimal autoregulatory vasoreactivity (MAPOPT)...
January 31, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139845/valsalva-versus-straining-there-is-a-distinct-difference-in-resulting-bladder-neck-and-puborectalis-muscle-position
#5
Kaven Baessler, Melanie Metz, Baerbel Junginger
AIMS: To assess the effects of the Valsalva manoeuvre versus straining on bladder neck (BN) and puborectalis muscle (PR) position, BN stiffness and pelvic floor muscle (PFM) activation in urinary incontinent women and healthy continent controls. METHODS: We recruited 17 continent and 85 incontinent women. A Microtip transducer measured urethral and vesical/abdominal pressures. A surface EMG electrode attached to a sponge was placed vaginally at the pelvic floor level...
January 31, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120427/oral-anti-diabetic-pharmacological-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#6
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Ruth Martis, Brenda Hughes, Janet Rowan, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a major public health issue with rates increasing globally. Gestational diabetes, glucose intolerance first recognised during pregnancy, usually resolves after birth and is associated with short- and long-term complications for the mother and her infant. Treatment options can include oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies for treating women with GDM...
January 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103464/-perineal-groove-a-rare-congenital-anomaly
#7
Manuel Barbosa, Nuno Alves, Natacha Fontes
Perineal groove is a rare congenital anorectal malformation, with incidence yet undetermined. It is almost exclusive to the female newborn and its embryogenic origin remains uncertain. We present a case-report of a newborn girl that was discharged from the nursery without complications. At her first appointment at primary care we noted a wet sulcus connecting the posterior vaginal commissure and the anus. This case report emphasizes the rarity of the perineal groove and the importance of a good quality history and physical examination at primary care...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099786/labor-intervention-and-outcomes-in-women-who-are-nulliparous-and-obese-comparison-of-nurse-midwife-to-obstetrician-intrapartum-care
#8
Nicole S Carlson, Elizabeth J Corwin, Nancy K Lowe
BACKGROUND: Women who are obese have slower labors than women of normal weight, and show reduced response to interventions designed to speed labor progress like oxytocin augmentation and artificial rupture of membranes. The optimal labor management for these women has not been described. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study compared 2 propensity score-matched groups of women (N = 360) who were healthy, nulliparous, spontaneously laboring, and obese (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m(2) )...
January 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046205/dietary-advice-interventions-in-pregnancy-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#9
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Emily Shepherd, Philippa Middleton, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes occurring during pregnancy which can result in short- and long-term adverse outcomes for women and babies. With an increasing prevalence worldwide, there is a need to assess strategies, including dietary advice interventions, that might prevent GDM. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of dietary advice interventions for preventing GDM and associated adverse health outcomes for women and their babies...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027700/management-of-persistent-occiput-posterior-position-a-substantial-role-of-instrumental-rotation-in-the-setting-of-failed-manual-rotation
#10
Paul Guerby, Mickael Allouche, Caroline Simon-Toulza, Christophe Vayssiere, Olivier Parant, Fabien Vidal
INTRODUCTION: To compare the maternal and neonatal outcomes associated with Instrumental Rotation (IR) to operative vaginal delivery in occiput posterior (OP) position with Thierry's spatulas (TS), in the setting of failed manual rotation (MR). STUDY DESIGN: We led a prospective observational cohort study in a tertiary referral hospital in Toulouse, France. All women presenting in labour with persistent OP position at full cervical dilatation and who delivered vaginally after failed MR and with IR or OP assisted delivery were included from January 2014 to December 2015...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007393/fournier-s-gangrene-during-acth-therapy
#11
Shingo Numoto, Hirokazu Kurahashi, Yoshiteru Azuma, Atsushi Numaguchi, Kozaburo Nakahara, Takahisa Tainaka, Michihiko Takasu, Kiyoshi Yamakawa, Nozomi Nago, Taichiro Muto, Yoshiro Kitagawa, Akihisa Okumura
Fournier's gangrene is an infectious necrotizing fasciitis of the perineal, genital, or perianal regions and is uncommon in children. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is effective for the treatment of infantile spasms; however, suppression of immune function is one of the major adverse effects of this approach. We encountered a 2-month-old boy with infantile spasms that had been treated with ACTH and had developed complicating Fournier's gangrene. Strangulation of a right inguinal hernia was observed after ACTH treatment...
December 19, 2016: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992558/pelvic-floor-disorders-6-months-after-attempted-operative-vaginal-delivery-according-to-the-fetal-head-station-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Guillaume Ducarme, Jean-François Hamel, Stéphanie Brun, Hugo Madar, Benjamin Merlot, Loïc Sentilhes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the fetal head station at attempted operative vaginal delivery (aOVD), and specifically midpelvic or low aOVD, on urinary incontinence (UI), anal incontinence (AI), and perineal pain at 6 months. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: 1941 women with singleton term fetuses in vertex presentation with midpelvic or low aOVD between 2008 and 2013 in a tertiary care university hospital. METHODS: Symptoms of urinary incontinence (UI) using the Bristol Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms questionnaire, and symptoms of anal incontinence (AI) severity using Fecal Incontinence Severity Index (FISI) were assessed 6 months after aOVD...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970244/tct-851-providing-cost-effective-population-based-ami-care-with-the-use-of-telemedicine
#13
Sameer Mehta, Roberto Botelho, Francisco Fernandez, Fredy Bojanini, Marco Perin, Rodolfo Cordoso, Daniela Parra, Alexandra Ferre, Daniel Rodriguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951741/outcomes-of-reintervention-after-failed-urethroplasty
#14
Teresa Olsen Ekerhult, Klas Lindqvist, Ralph Peeker, Lars Grenabo
OBJECTIVE: Urethroplasty is a procedure that has a high success rate. However, there exists a small subgroup of patients who require multiple procedures to achieve an acceptable result. This study analyses the outcomes of a series of patients with failed urethroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 82 failures out of 407 patients who underwent urethroplasty due to urethral stricture during the period 1999-2013. Failure was defined as the need for an additional surgical procedure...
December 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904165/a-retrospective-perinatal-data-analysis-of-immigrant-and-german-women-from-representative-birth-cohorts-at-the-virchow-hospital-berlin
#15
R Armbrust, R von Rennenberg, M David
Introduction: The aim of this study was to define and characterise differences in the level of obstetric care provided to immigrant and German women. Materials and Methods: An analysis of the Virchow Hospital's birth registers was conducted for the years 1974, 1984 and 1994. The study population of 5445 patients was grouped according to ancestry/family origin on the basis of a name analysis, and subsequently also according to parity (primiparous or multiparous). On name analysis 2741 women were defined as German, 1598 were grouped as women of Turkish origin and 810 as immigrants of other origin...
November 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891285/complex-perineal-trauma-with-anorectal-avulsion
#16
Adelina Maria Cruceru, Ionut Negoi, Sorin Paun, Sorin Hostiuc, Ruxandra Irina Negoi, Mircea Beuran
Introduction. The objective of this case report is to illustrate a severe perineal impalement injury, associated with anorectal avulsion and hemorrhagic shock. Results. A 32-year-old male patient was referred to our hospital for an impalement perineal trauma, associated with complex pelvic fracture and massive perineal soft tissue destruction and anorectal avulsion. On arrival, the systolic blood pressure was 85 mm Hg and the hemoglobin was 7.1 g/dL. The patient was transported to the operating room, and perineal lavage, hemostasis, and repacking were performed...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889259/episiotomy-and-severe-perineal-trauma-among-eastern-african-immigrant-women-giving-birth-in-public-maternity-care-a-population-based-study-in-victoria-australia
#17
Fetene B Belihu, Rhonda Small, Mary-Ann Davey
BACKGROUND: Eastern African immigrants from countries affected by female genital mutilation have resettled in many developed countries, including Australia. Although possibly at risk of perineal trauma and episiotomy, research investigating their perineal status post-migration is sparse. AIM: To investigate variations in episiotomy use and incidence of severe perineal tear for women born in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia and Sudan compared with Australian-born women...
November 23, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885482/traveling-through-the-perineum-s-to-the-discovery-of-an-old-world
#18
Michele Rubbini
INTRODUCTION: The migration of large numbers of people and refugees induces various fears in their receiving countries; the arrival of potential terrorists, and, among others, the negative impact that their need for health care can have on the sustainability of health services. In this sense, migrants are considered by many a threat. METHOD: In this brief "letter narrative", based on the experience gained in the treatment of various diseases of the perineum, I mean to suggest that the perineal disorders, especially in women, is common event, shared by women of different ethnicity, culture, and religion...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878459/stapled-mesh-stoma-reinforcement-technique-smart-in-the-prevention-of-parastomal-hernia-a-single-centre-experience
#19
Z Q Ng, P Tan, M Theophilus
PURPOSE: Parastomal hernia remains a frequent complication following creation of an abdominal stoma. Previous interests have centred around the exploration of methods to repair; however, prophylactic mesh placement has demonstrated its efficacy in reduction of parastomal hernia. The aim of this retrospective analysis was to evaluate the outcomes of Stapled Mesh stomA Reinforcement Technique (SMART) in terms of parastomal hernia occurrence rate and mesh-related complications. METHODS AND MATERIALS: All patients operated with an abdominal perineal resection or Hartmann's procedure with SMART from November 2013 to March 2016 were included...
November 22, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872117/protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-feasibility-trial-evaluating-early-surgery-alone-in-low-rectal-cancer-sailor
#20
Dean A Harris, Kymberley Thorne, Hayley Hutchings, Saiful Islam, Gail Holland, Olivia Hatcher, Sarah Gwynne, Ian Jenkins, Peter Coyne, Michael Duff, Melanie Feldman, Des C Winter, Simon Gollins, Phil Quirke, Nick West, Gina Brown, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Alan Brown, John Beynon
INTRODUCTION: There are 11 500 rectal cancers diagnosed annually in the UK. Although surgery remains the primary treatment, there is evidence that preoperative radiotherapy (RT) improves local recurrence rates. High-quality surgery in rectal cancer is equally important in minimising local recurrence. Advances in MRI-guided prediction of resection margin status and improvements in abdominoperineal excision of the rectum (APER) technique supports a reassessment of the contribution of preoperative RT...
November 21, 2016: BMJ Open
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