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trauma patient AND qol

Wei Xi Li, Yong Kun Li, Hai Tao Lin
The curative effect of minimally invasive surgery on palmar and foot hyperhidrosis and its influence on serum-related cytokines and immunoglobulins were investigated. Seventy-six patients with palmar and foot hyperhidrosis admitted to Yunnan University Hospital from August 2014 to July 2016 were selected and randomly divided into control group (n=38) and observation group (n=38) using a random number table. Patients in control group received drug therapy, while those in observation group underwent laparoscopic thoracic-4 sympathetic chain combined with thoracic-3 branch amputation...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Camilo Espinosa-Jovel, Rafael Toledano, Ángel Aledo-Serrano, Irene García-Morales, Antonio Gil-Nagel
Epilepsy is a global disease with an unequal distribution. About 80% of the affected individuals reside in low and middle income countries. The incidence and prevalence of epilepsy in low income populations is higher than in the rest of the world, this is partly explained by some risk factors such as head trauma, perinatal injury and CNS infections, which are more common in poor regions, especially in rural areas. Epilepsy is considered a treatable condition with high rates of therapeutic response. About three fourths of patients achieve control of the disease with the use of antiepileptic drugs, however, despite this benign prognosis, over 75% of patients from low income populations do not receive treatment at all...
February 8, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Qinghong Qin, Qixing Tan, Bin Lian, Qinguo Mo, Zhen Huang, Changyuan Wei
Breast reconstruction after mastectomy plays an active role in improving the quality-of-life (QoL) and alleviating the psychological trauma of breast cancer patients, and has become an indispensable part of the comprehensive treatment in breast cancer. However, compared with mastectomy alone, breast reconstruction also increase operative complications. The surgical, oncological outcomes, and cosmetic effect of breast reconstruction remains to be evaluated. Data for patients with breast cancer who underwent breast reconstruction after mastectomy from February 2009 to November 2015 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed, with a median follow-up time of 44 months...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Kei Ando, Yuko Inagaki, Yusuke Suzuki, Yoshimasa Nagao, Naoki Ishiguro, Shiro Imagama
Fall in hospitalized patients can cause trauma and fractures, which can reduce ADL and QOL, whereas prevention of fall decreases medical expenses. The purpose of this study is to examine prevention of fall due to intervention from a fall working group established in our hospital. The working group focused on three main points. First, colored wrist bands for patients classified as grade 3 risk for fall are used to alert medical staff. Second, information on fall prevention was distributed to patients. Third, standardization of two bed fences and reduced use of slippers for inpatients have been introduced...
November 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
Hiroko Noguchi, Daisuke Nishi, Kenta Matsumura, Kei Hamazaki, Tomohito Hamazaki, Yutaka J Matsuoka
Empirical evidence is divided on whether n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid levels are associated with quality of life (QOL). This study investigated the effects of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on QOL in survivors of traumatic injury. In this secondary analysis of a double-blind, randomized controlled trial, we recruited 110 trauma patients (82% men; mean age, 39.6 years) in an intensive care unit. Fifty-three received DHA-rich supplements and 57 received placebo for 12 weeks. We used the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) to assess QOL at the end of intervention...
December 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
Patricia Gorecki, Danielle L Burke, Iain L C Chapple, Karla Hemming, Daniel Saund, David Pearson, Wilhelm Stahl, Ryan Lello, Thomas Dietrich
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Surgical trauma leads to an inflammatory response that causes surgical morbidity. Reduced antioxidant micronutrient (AM)(a) levels and/or excessive levels of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS)(b) have previously been linked to delayed wound healing and presence of chronic wounds. We aimed to evaluate the effect of pre-operative supplementation with encapsulated fruit and vegetable juice powder concentrate (JuicePlus+(®)) on postoperative morbidity and Quality of Life (QoL)(c)...
August 10, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
M A C Van Son, J De Vries, W Zijlstra, J A Roukema, T Gosens, M H J Verhofstad, B L Den Oudsten
PURPOSE: This prospective study aimed to identify the different trajectories of quality of life (QOL) in patients with distal radius fractures (DRF) and ankle fractures (AF). Secondly, it was examined if subgroups could be characterized by sociodemographic, clinical, and psychological variables. METHODS: Patients (n = 543) completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment instrument-Bref (WHOQOL-Bref), the pain, coping, and cognitions questionnaire, NEO-five factor inventory (neuroticism and extraversion), and the state-trait anxiety inventory (short version) a few days after fracture (i...
December 2017: Quality of Life Research
Sherif Boraii
The creation of a stoma changes bodily appearance and function, which can affect quality of life (QOL). A descriptive study using the Short Form 36 (SF-36) questionnaire, an instrument that measures 8 physical and mental health concepts, was conducted to quantify QOL among patients with a stoma and to interpret how stoma creation affects their lives. Participants included a convenience sample of persons served by an outpatient surgery clinic in an Egyptian university hospital in Cairo between August 2013 and January 2015...
July 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
Catherine Turkington, Martin Dempster, Jennifer Maguire
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive. INTRODUCTION: Hand injuries are highly prevalent, and the impact they have on physical, emotional, and functional adjustment is well recognized. Increasingly, adjustment to health conditions including hand injuries is being understood in terms of psychological variables. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To examine the role of illness beliefs and coping strategies in adjustment to hand injury. Adjustment was considered from a complete perspective including quality of life (QOL) and functional ability as well as mood and trauma symptoms...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
C C H M van Delft-Schreurs, M A C van Son, M A C de Jongh, K W W Lansink, J de Vries, M H J Verhofstad
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was two-fold. The first goal was to investigate which variables were associated with the remaining physical limitations of severely injured patients after the initial rehabilitation phase. Second, we investigated whether physical limitations were attributable to the association between psychological complaints and quality of life in this patient group. METHODS: Patients who were 18 years or older and who had an injury severity score (ISS)>15 completed a set of questionnaires at one time-point after their rehabilitation phase (15-53 months after their trauma)...
May 5, 2017: Injury
Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Rahul Janak Sinha, Bimalesh Purkait, Vishwajeet Singh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome and efficacy of transurethral resection of the prostate in patients of benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) with underactive bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 174 patients, who underwent transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) between 2008 and 2015, for lower urinary tract symptoms with BPE with bladder underactivity. Clinical history, physical examination, renal function test, urinalysis, cystourethroscopy, transabdominal or transrectal ultrasonography, and urodynamic study were recorded...
April 2017: Urology Annals
Lin Weiwei, Xing Bing, Deng Yiming, Zhang Zhen, Du Yifeng
To investigate the therapeutic effect of minimally invasive interventional treatment of brain hematoma, 128 patients with brain hematoma were randomly divided into two groups, including observation group (64 cases) and control group (64 cases). The observation group was performed with minimally invasive interventional therapy and drug conservative therapy was used in the control group. Clinical curative effect, treatment of neural function defect score, and quality of life score were recorded. Total effective rate in observation group was significantly higher (p<0...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Arturo J Rios-Diaz, Juan P Herrera-Escobar, Elizabeth J Lilley, Jessica R Appelson, Belinda Gabbe, Karen Brasel, Terri deRoon-Cassini, Eric B Schneider, George Kasotakis, Haytham Kaafarani, George Velmahos, Ali Salim, Adil H Haider
BACKGROUND: The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) recently recommended inclusion of postdischarge health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) metrics to benchmark the quality of trauma care. Currently, these measures are not routinely collected at most trauma centers. We sought to determine the feasibility and value of adding such long-term outcome measures to trauma registries. METHODS: As part of the FORTE (Functional Outcomes and Recovery after Trauma Emergencies) project, we included patients with an Injury Severity Score of 9 or greater, admitted to the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, MA, who were identified retrospectively using the institutional trauma registry and contacted 6 or 12 months after injury to participate in a telephone survey evaluating HRQoL (Short Form 12 [SF-12]), PROs (Trauma Quality of Life), posttraumatic stress disorder, return to work, residential status, and health care utilization...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Rachael L Morton, Anh Tran, Johan Yusof Vessey, Nick Rowbotham, Julie Winstanley, Kerwin Shannon, Andrew J Spillane, Jonathan Stretch, John F Thompson, Robyn P-M Saw
BACKGROUND: Sentinel node biopsy (SNB) is commonly performed in contemporary melanoma management, however there is a paucity of long-term quality of life (QoL) estimates required for economic evaluation of this treatment. METHODS: A single-center, prospective, cross-sectional study of adults with American Joint Committee on Cancer stage I/II/IIIA melanoma of the limbs, trunk, or neck who had undergone wide excision and SNB, but not complete regional node dissection, was undertaken...
August 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Salvador V C Lima, Fábio O Vilar, Eugênio S Lustosa, Daniel C C Aragão, Fernanda C F S Calisto, Flávia C M Pinto
INTRODUCTION: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a challenging problem for the urological community. Clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) is the most commonly used method to restore bladder emptying to the state close to the physiological condition. This procedure can cause negative aspects such as pain and possible urethral injury. In addition, there is a negative impact on self-image and decline in quality of patient's life. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new intraurethral self-retaining device (ISRD), in female children and adolescents, as an attractive alternative to CIC...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Suzanne H Wiertsema, Johanna M van Dongen, Edwin Geleijn, Maaike Schothorst, Frank W Bloemers, Vincent de Groot, Raymond W J G Ostelo
BACKGROUND: Improved organization of trauma care in the acute phase has reduced mortality of trauma patients. However, there has been limited attention for the optimal organization of post-clinical rehabilitation of trauma patients. Therefore we developed a Transmural Trauma Care Model (TTCM). This TTCM consists of four equally important components: 1) intake and follow up consultations by a multidisciplinary team consisting of trauma surgeon and hospital based trauma physical therapist, 2) coordination and individual goal setting for each patient by this team, 3) primary care physical therapy by specialized physical therapists organized in a network and 4) E-health support for transmural communication and treatment according to protocols...
January 31, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Christoph Hirche, Lingyun Xiong, Christian Heffinger, Matthias Münzberg, Sebastian Fischer, Ulrich Kneser, Thomas Kremer
INTRODUCTION: Conventional non-vascularized bone grafts as well as vascularized bone grafts are used to treat scaphoid non-union (SN). Due to limited available studies, the field of application using both grafts for SN still remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate a treatment algorithm for the use of both vascularized versus non-vascularized bone grafts based on clinical outcomes and quality of life (QoL) to improve the level of evidence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on a retrospective cohort study, including 28 patients with vascularized and 45 patients with conventional bone grafts, functional parameters, radiological outcome, Mayo-wrist-score, and QoL by SF-36 were applied to statistically compare the outcome of these two techniques...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
J S Sandhu, S C Karan, G D Maiti, Puja Dudeja
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in the middle-aged Indian women is around 16%. The use of transvaginal tapes (TVTs) has revolutionised the surgical management of SUI. Patients who undergo placement of the tape via the transobturator route often complain of persistent thigh pain at the site of trocar insertion. The use of minimally invasive tapes with a single suburethral incision reduces surgical trauma by eliminating thigh incisions, while maintaining the cure achieved by conventional TVTs...
January 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Hironobu Sashika, Kaoruko Takada, Naohisa Kikuchi
The purpose of this study was to clarify psychosocial factors/problems, social participation, quality of life (QOL), and rehabilitation needs in chronic-phase traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with cognitive disorder discharged from the level-1 trauma center (L1-TC), and to inspect the effects of rehabilitation intervention to these subjects.A mixed-method research (cross-sectional and qualitative study) was conducted at an outpatient rehabilitation department.Inclusion criteria of subjects were transfer to the L1-TC due to TBI; acute-stage rehabilitation treatment received in the L1-TC from November 2006 to October 2011; age of ≥18 and <70 years at the time of injury; a score of 0-3 on the Modified Rankin Scale at discharge and that of 4-5 due to physical or severe aggressive behavioral comorbid disorders...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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