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trauma patient AND qol

Jose Ramón Caeiro, Agustí Bartra, Manuel Mesa-Ramos, Íñigo Etxebarría, Jorge Montejo, Pedro Carpintero, Francesc Sorio, Sonia Gatell, Andrea Farré, Laura Canals
The purpose of this study was to estimate the burden of osteoporotic fractures beyond the hospitalization period covering up to the first year after the fracture. This was a prospective, 12-month, observational study including patients aged ≥65 years hospitalized due to a first low-trauma hip fracture, in six Spanish regions. Health resource utilization (HRU), quality of life (QoL) and autonomy were collected and total costs calculated. Four hundred and eighty seven patients (mean ± SD age 83 ± 7 years, 77 % women) were included...
October 14, 2016: Calcified Tissue International
Luis Gerardo Natera Cisneros, Juan Sarasquete Reiriz
INTRODUCTION: Surgical indication for acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) injuries still represents a reason for shoulder and trauma debate. In high-grade injuries, surgery is advocated because some of the non-operatively managed patients may have persistent shoulder pain that could make them unable to return to their previous activity. It has been shown that many of the patients with high-grade ACJ injuries that are managed non-operatively involve the development of scapular dyskinesis, situation that may result in loss of strength and weakness...
October 12, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Marion Prigent, Sylvain Brochard, Mathias Thepaut, Christian Lefèvre, Dominique Le Nen, Thierry Cornic, Marie-Thérèse Cariou, Catherine Le Rouzic, Phlippe Le Moine, Christelle Pons, Laetitia Houx
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic lower limb amputation is rare in pediatric population, and surgeons always try limb salvage. But rarely, later amputation occurred when the traumatic limb is painful. It is a difficult and irreversible decision needed a multidisciplinary approach. We report how we managed a programmed trans-tibial amputation on 13-years-old boy, 20 months after a foot trauma. OBSERVATIONS: Our patient is an adolescent victim of a left foot crash. The first checkup showed a degloving injury, dislocation of the interphalangeal joints and of all toes...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Swantje Matthies, Chiharu Sadohara-Bannwarth, Sebastian Lehnhart, Jan Schulte-Maeter, Alexandra Philipsen
OBJECTIVE: We assessed factors influencing quality of life (QoL) in adults with ADHD. METHOD: QoL, traumatic childhood experiences, and depression were assessed using the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Q-LES-Q), Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), respectively, in 60 adult ADHD outpatients and 60 age- and gender-matched controls. RESULTS: Emotional neglect or abuse had occurred significantly more often during childhood in adults with ADHD...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
Peter Larsen, Charlotte B Goethgen, Sten Rasmussen, Annika B Iyer, Rasmus Elsoe
INTRODUCTION: Most studies of polytrauma examined highly mixed patient groups. The objective of the present study was to report the development of patient-reported quality of life (QOL), in a patient group with musculoskeletal polytrauma, excluding patients with major thoracic, abdominal, and brain injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study design was a 1-year cohort follow-up study. Recordings of injury severity were measured with the ISS and NISS. Patient-reported QOL was measured with the questionnaires Eq5d-5L and SF-36 and compared to age-matched reference populations...
November 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
G Baudin, O Godin, M Lajnef, B Aouizerate, F Berna, L Brunel, D Capdevielle, I Chereau, J M Dorey, C Dubertret, J Dubreucq, C Faget, G Fond, F Gabayet, H Laouamri, C Lancon, Y Le Strat, A M Tronche, D Misdrahi, R Rey, C Passerieux, A Schandrin, M Urbach, P Vidalhet, P M Llorca, F Schürhoff
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma (CT) and cannabis use are both environmental and modifier risk factors for schizophrenia. However, little is known about how they interact in schizophrenia. We examined the main effect of each of these two environmental factors on the clinical expression of the disease using a large set of variables, and we tested whether and how cannabis and CT interact to influence the course and the presentation of the illness. METHODS: A sample of 366 patients who met the DSM-IV-TR criteria for schizophrenia was recruited through the FACE-SCZ (Fondamental Advanced Centre of Expertise - Schizophrenia) network...
August 2016: Schizophrenia Research
Karina Tavares Weber, Viviane Assunção Guimarães, Octávio M Pontes Neto, João P Leite, Osvaldo Massaiti Takayanagui, Taiza E G Santos-Pontelli
Objective To verify correlations between age, injury severity, length of stay (LOS), cognition, functional capacity and quality of life (QOL) six months after hospital discharge (HD) of victims of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Method 50 patients consecutively treated in a Brazilian emergency hospital were assessed at admission, HD and six months after HD. The assessment protocol consisted in Abbreviated Injury Scale, Injury Severity Score, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Revised Trauma Score (RTS), Mini Mental Test, Barthel Index and World Health Organization QOL - Brief...
May 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Behnam Honarvar, Negin Sayar, Sedigheh Tahmasebi, Zeinab Zakeri, Asra Talei, Sara Rostami, Sahar Khademi, Amene Sabzi Sarvestani, Eghbal Sekhavati
Globally, the burden of breast cancer (BC) continues to increase. BC related lymphedema (BCRL) is currently non curable and as a life time risk it affects at least 25% of BC patients. Knowing more about BCRL and appropriate control of its modifiable risk factors can improve quality of life (QOL) of the affected patients. In this case control study to detect factors, 400 women with BCRL (as the case group) and 283 patients with BC without lymphedema (as the control group) that were referred to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences affiliated BC clinic center were assessed...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Laxmi Shekhawat, Laleh Busheri, Santosh Dixit, Chaula Patel, Upendra Dhar, Chaitanyanand Koppiker
Breast Cancer (BC) treatment leads to mutilation and destruction of breast shape with negative effects on body image and self-esteem.One of the main goals of reconstructive and oncoplastic breast surgery is to satisfy patients and improve their quality of life (QoL).Therefore, it is important to assess the patient experience post-surgery by means of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) that focus on the patient's perception of the surgery and surgical care, as well as psychosocial well-being and physical functioning...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Javaher Khajavikhan, Aminolah Vasigh, Ali Khani, Molouk Jaafarpour, Taleb Kokhazade
INTRODUCTION: Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major and challenging problem in critical care medicine. AIM: To assess the outcome and predicting factor following severe TBI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective and cross-sectional study. Data were collected from two sections; one section consisting of a questionnaire answered by the patients and other section from the patient records. The instruments used included the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), SF-36 and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD)...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Feng Chen, Yong-Hui Xia, Wen-Zhen Cao, Wei Shan, Yang Gao, B O Feng, Difei Wang
The bones are the most common location for metastases, which may cause severe pain and damage, including osteolytic destruction and fractures. Pathological fractures of the spine are extremely painful and cause significant disability and morbidity in patients. Traditional open surgery has numerous complications, and radiation therapy may take weeks to become effective. To avoid the trauma and complication of open surgery, percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) is a minimally invasive procedure that has played a great role in the treatment of spinal metastases over the past several years...
March 2016: Oncology Letters
Feng Wang, Wei Huang, Chenping Zhang, Jian Sun, Xingzhou Qu, Yiqun Wu
OBJECTIVE: Defects of the maxilla caused by tumor resection create high levels of psychological and physical trauma for patients. The application of osseointegrated dental implants using either an obturator prosthesis or a free vascularized flap has tremendously changed the retention and stability of the superstructure. However, no study has been performed to compare the function of the aforementioned two approaches and the quality of life using the subjective assessments of patients...
January 4, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Evelyne Zibung, Louis Riddez, Caroline Nordenvall
INTRODUCTION: Bicycle crashes often affect individuals in working age, and can impair quality of life (QoL) as a consequence. The aim of this study was to investigate QoL in bicycle trauma patients and to identify those at risk of impaired QoL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 173 bicycle trauma patients who attended a level I trauma centre from 2010 to 2012 received Hadorn's QoL questionnaire six months after their crash. Medical data was collected from the patient's records...
May 2016: Injury
Marianne Opaas, Ellen Hartmann, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Sverre Varvin
Response to mental health treatment varies highly among refugee patients. Research has not established which factors relate to differences in outcome. This study is a follow-up of Opaas and Hartmann's (2013) Rorschach Inkblot Method (RIM; Exner, 2003) pretreatment study of traumatized refugees, where 2 RIM principal components, Trauma Response and Reality Testing, were found descriptive of participants' trauma-related personality functioning. This study's aims were to examine relationships of the RIM components with measures of anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress, quality of life (QOL), employment, and exile language skills throughout 3 years...
2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
Marco Maria Lirici, Valentina Romeo, Luigi Simonelli, Simone Tierno, Carlo Eugenio Vitelli
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has become a popular stand-alone procedure among bariatric surgeons. Recently, Natural Orifice Specimen Extraction laparoscopic surgery has been introduced to avoid minilaparotomy, possibly reducing postoperative pain, hospital stay, and improving QoL and cosmetics. Operative steps and preliminary results of NOSE sleeve gastrectomy are described and reported. METHODS: Five patients underwent NOSE LSG from November 2014 to March 2015...
January 2016: Obesity Surgery
Björn Hernefalk, Niclas Eriksson, Tomas Borg, Sune Larsson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Evaluation of patient-assessed functional outcome in traumatic conditions has specific challenges. To obtain pre-traumatic data to allow for comparison during follow-up, retrospective assessments are needed. How such data is affected by posttraumatic time-point chosen for evaluation is unknown. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate how the time-point chosen for retrospective assessment of pre-traumatic quality of life (QoL) in patients with surgically treated acetabular fractures and pelvic ring injuries influenced the results...
February 2016: Injury
John Paul Wanner, Terri deRoon-Cassini, Lisa Kodadek, Karen Brasel
BACKGROUND: Complex, disease-specific factors help to determine posttraumatic quality of life (QoL), but current practice uses outcome measures generated from the general population. Trauma survivorship has grown rapidly, while defining the factors that influence posttraumatic QoL has lagged. This study sought to develop a valid and reliable trauma-specific QoL measure to help guide future posttraumatic research and clinical care. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected from adult trauma patients and their caregivers (Phase 1)...
August 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Amee A Amin, Jagdish R Vankar, Somashekhar M Nimbalkar, Ajay G Phatak
OBJECTIVE: To study the levels of perceived stress in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) nurses and its association with professional quality of life domains viz. compassion satisfaction, burnout and secondary trauma. METHODS: In this multicenter, cross sectional study, data was collected by surveying 129 nurses from nine NICUs across six cities of Gujarat, India using demographic questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale (PSS14) and Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQOL5) during July to September 2013...
November 2015: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Kung-Ting Kao, Robyn Stargatt, Margaret Zacharin
UNLABELLED: BACKGROUD/AIMS: Poor quality of life (QoL) has been reported in adults with growth hormone deficiency. Few studies have examined QoL in adults with childhood onset multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies (COMPHD). We evaluated QoL in adults with COMPHD. METHODS: COMPHD participants aged ≥18 years were identified from hospital medical records and the clinics of one author (M.Z.). Age- and sex-matched controls were recruited for every participant. The World Health Organization QoL Questionnaire, the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Male Sexual Quotient (MSQ) were used to measure QoL, psychological distress and psychosexual function...
2015: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
Stefan Blum, David Lee, David Gillis, David F McEniery, Stephen Reddel, Pamela McCombe
We performed a community-based survey of 165 Australian patients with a physician-confirmed diagnosis of myasthenia gravis (MG). MG is an autoimmune disease of the neuromuscular junction causing fatiguable muscle weakness. Patients with early onset MG (<40 years of age) were more frequently female (22 males, 60 females) whereas patients with late onset MG (>40 years of age) were more frequently male (50 males, 28 females; p < 0.001). Triggering and exacerbating factors included physical and emotional stress, infections, surgery or trauma, seasonal changes and medications...
July 2015: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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