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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889754/the-development-and-initial-evaluation-of-the-pornography-use-avoidance-self-efficacy-scale
#1
Shane W Kraus, Harold Rosenberg, Steve Martino, Charla Nich, Marc N Potenza
Background and aims This study employed a newly developed questionnaire to evaluate whether men's self-efficacy to avoid using pornography in each of 18 emotional, social, or sexually arousing situations was associated with either their typical frequency of pornography use or their hypersexuality. Methods Using an Internet-based data collection procedure, 229 male pornography users (Mage = 33.3 years, SD = 12.2) who had sought or considered seeking professional help for their use of pornography completed questionnaires assessing their situationally specific self-efficacy, history of pornography use, self-efficacy to employ specific pornography-reduction strategies, hypersexuality, and demographic characteristics...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691375/gender-differences-in-preferences-for-psychological-treatment-coping-strategies-and-triggers-to-help-seeking
#2
Louise Liddon, Roger Kingerlee, John A Barry
OBJECTIVE: There is some evidence that men and women deal with stress in different ways; for example, a meta-analysis found that women prefer to focus on emotions as a coping strategy more than men do. However, sex differences in preferences for therapy is a subject little explored. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey. METHOD: Participants (115 men and 232 women) were recruited via relevant websites and social media. The survey described therapies and asked participants how much they liked each...
July 9, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628898/-talking-about-child-sexual-abuse-would-have-helped-me-young-people-who-sexually-abused-reflect-on-preventing-harmful-sexual-behavior
#3
Gemma McKibbin, Cathy Humphreys, Bridget Hamilton
Harmful sexual behavior carried out by children and young people accounts for about half of all child sexual abuse perpetration. The aim of this study was to draw on the insights of young people who had been sexually abusive to enhance the current prevention agenda. The study involved semi-structured interviews with 14 young people and six treatment-providing workers. Sampling was purposive and the young people had previously completed a treatment program for harmful sexual behaviour in Victoria, Australia...
June 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409565/can-pornography-be-addictive-an-fmri-study-of-men-seeking-treatment-for-problematic-pornography-use
#4
Mateusz Gola, Małgorzata Wordecha, Guillaume Sescousse, Michał Lew-Starowicz, Bartosz Kossowski, Marek Wypych, Scott Makeig, Marc N Potenza, Artur Marchewka
Pornography consumption is highly prevalent, particularly among young adult males. For some individuals, problematic pornography use (PPU) is a reason for seeking treatment. Despite the pervasiveness of pornography, PPU appears under-investigated, including with respect to the underlying neural mechanisms. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we examined ventral striatal responses to erotic and monetary stimuli, disentangling cue-related 'wanting' from reward-related 'liking' among 28 heterosexual males seeking treatment for PPU and 24 heterosexual males without PPU...
September 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250554/technology-addiction-among-treatment-seekers-for-psychological-problems-implication-for-screening-in-mental-health-setting
#5
Aswathy Das, Manoj Kumar Sharma, P Thamilselvan, P Marimuthu
BACKGROUND: Technology usage has seen an increase among users. The usage varies from social, personal, and psychological reasons. Users are frequently using to overcome mood states as well as to manage the other psychological states. This work is going to explore the information technology use among subjects with a psychiatric disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 75 subjects were assessed using background data sheet, internet addiction impairment index, video game use pattern, pornography addiction screening tool and screening for mobile phone use, from in-patient and out-patient setting of tertiary mental health setting...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214738/problematic-internet-pornography-use-the-role-of-craving-desire-thinking-and-metacognition
#6
Andrew Allen, Lee Kannis-Dymand, Mary Katsikitis
Defined as sexually explicit material that elicits erotic thoughts, feelings, and behaviours, internet pornography is a prevalent form of media that may facilitate problematic use and craving for engagement. Research suggests that superordinate cognitions and information processing, such as desire thinking and metacognition, are central to the activation and escalation of craving in addictive behaviours. The current study aimed to contribute to the literature by testing the proposed metacognitive model of desire thinking and craving in a sample of problematic pornography users, while revising the model by incorporating negative affect...
July 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106937/naltrexone-for-the-treatment-of-comorbid-tobacco-and-pornography-addiction
#7
Noah A Capurso
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Co-occurring addictive disorders are common, however treatment strategies for this population have not been extensively studied. This is especially the case for behavioral addictions. METHODS: We present a patient (N = 1) with tobacco use disorder and problematic pornography use treated with naltrexone. RESULTS: Naltrexone treatment resulted in a decrease in pornography viewing and cigarette smoking, however had the adverse effect of anhedonia...
March 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631866/clinical-errors-and-therapist-discomfort-with-client-disclosure-of-troublesome-pornography-use-implications-for-clinical-practice-and-error-reduction
#8
Nathan T Walters, Paul M Spengler
Mental health professionals are increasingly aware of the need for competence in the treatment of clients with pornography-related concerns. However, while researchers have recently sought to explore efficacious treatments for pornography-related concerns, few explorations of potential clinical judgment issues have occurred. Due to the sensitive, and at times uncomfortable, nature of client disclosures of sexual concerns within therapy, therapists are required to manage their own discomfort while retaining fidelity to treatment...
September 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590829/integrating-psychological-and-neurobiological-considerations-regarding-the-development-and-maintenance-of-specific-internet-use-disorders-an-interaction-of-person-affect-cognition-execution-i-pace-model
#9
REVIEW
Matthias Brand, Kimberly S Young, Christian Laier, Klaus Wölfling, Marc N Potenza
Within the last two decades, many studies have addressed the clinical phenomenon of Internet-use disorders, with a particular focus on Internet-gaming disorder. Based on previous theoretical considerations and empirical findings, we suggest an Interaction of Person-Affect-Cognition-Execution (I-PACE) model of specific Internet-use disorders. The I-PACE model is a theoretical framework for the processes underlying the development and maintenance of an addictive use of certain Internet applications or sites promoting gaming, gambling, pornography viewing, shopping, or communication...
December 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440474/paroxetine-treatment-of-problematic-pornography-use-a-case-series
#10
Mateusz Gola, Marc N Potenza
Background How best to conceptualize problematic pornography use (PPU) and intervene most effectively remain debated, with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and addiction frameworks. We investigated the efficacy of the serotonin-reuptake inhibitor paroxetine in combination with cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of problematic pornography use (PPU). Case presentation Three heterosexual males with PPU were treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy and paroxetine. Frequency of pornography use, other sexual behaviors, and anxiety were assessed during treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384864/testing-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-analytic-therapy-for-hypersexuality-disorder-an-intensive-time-series-evaluation
#11
Stephen Kellett, Mel Simmonds-Buckley, Peter Totterdell
The evidence base for treatment of hypersexuality disorder (HD) has few studies with appropriate methodological rigor. This study therefore conducted a single case experiment of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) for HD using an A/B design with extended follow-up. Cruising, pornography usage, masturbation frequency and associated cognitions and emotions were measured daily in a 231-day time series. Following a three-week assessment baseline (A: 21 days), treatment was delivered via outpatient sessions (B: 147 days), with the follow-up period lasting 63 days...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348557/clinical-characteristics-of-men-interested-in-seeking-treatment-for-use-of-pornography
#12
Shane W Kraus, Steve Martino, Marc N Potenza
Background and aims This study examined the prevalence of, and factors associated with, men's interest in seeking treatment for use of pornography. Methods Using an Internet-based data-collection procedure, we recruited 1,298 male pornography users to complete questionnaires assessing demographic and sexual behaviors, hypersexuality, pornography-use characteristics, and current interest in seeking treatment for use of pornography. Results Approximately 14% of men reported an interest in seeking treatment for use of pornography, whereas only 6...
June 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345497/clinicians-beliefs-observations-and-treatment-effectiveness-regarding-clients-sexual-addiction-and-internet-pornography-use
#13
Mary B Short, Chad T Wetterneck, Steven L Bistricky, Tim Shutter, Tannah E Chase
This study addressed how sex addiction and problematic IP use present to mental health professionals (MHPs), and how MHPs conceptualize and treat these issues. MHPs (N = 183) reported on beliefs about, experiences with, and treatment of problematic sexual behaviors (PBS). Most MHPs saw clients with PBS, but most do not feel competent to treat PBS. Specialized MHPs endorsed seeing more clients with PBS and feeling more effective than nonspecialists. Sexual addiction and problematic IP use share similarities, but differ in etiology and co-occurring problems...
June 27, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27325170/understanding-online-child-sexual-exploitation-offenses
#14
REVIEW
Thanh Ly, Lisa Murphy, J Paul Fedoroff
In the past three decades, there has been an exponential increase in the worldwide availability of Internet access and devices that are able to access online materials. This literature review investigated whether increased accessibility of Internet child pornography (CP) increases the risk of in-person child sexual exploitation. The current review found little to no evidence that availability of the Internet has increased the worldwide incidence or prevalence of in-person child sexual abuse. In fact, during the time period in which the Internet has flourished, international crime statistics have shown a steady decrease of in-person child sexual abuse...
August 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27222141/juvenile-sex-offenders
#15
REVIEW
Eileen P Ryan, Joseph M Otonichar
Sexual offending by juveniles accounts for a sizable percentage of sexual offenses, especially against young children. In this article, recent research on female juvenile sex offenders (JSOs), risk factors for offending in juveniles, treatment, and the ways in which these youth may differ from general delinquents will be reviewed. Most JSOs do not go on to develop paraphilic disorders or to commit sex offenses during adulthood, and as a group, they are more similar to nonsexual offending juvenile delinquents than to adult sex offenders...
July 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27157029/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-problematic-internet-pornography-use-a-randomized-trial
#16
Jesse M Crosby, Michael P Twohig
Problematic Internet pornography use is the inability to control the use of pornography, the experience of negative cognitions or emotions regarding pornography use, and the resulting negative effects on quality of life or general functioning. This study compared a 12-session individual protocol of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) for problematic Internet pornography use to a waitlist control condition with 28 adult males, all but 1 of whom were members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints...
May 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27114191/pornography-addiction-in-adults-a-systematic-review-of-definitions-and-reported-impact
#17
REVIEW
Athena Duffy, David L Dawson, Roshan das Nair
INTRODUCTION: Self-perceived pornography addiction (SPPA) has increasingly emerged as a concept in research and popular culture, and commentators warn of the reported negative impact that it has. Despite this, "pornography or porn addiction" is not a formally recognized disorder and there is disagreement among researchers regarding its definition or even its existence. Therefore, how SPPA is operationalized often varies, and this is likely to influence the conclusions made about the impact of SPPA...
May 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27012817/what-matters-quantity-or-quality-of-pornography-use-psychological-and-behavioral-factors-of-seeking-treatment-for-problematic-pornography-use
#18
Mateusz Gola, Karol Lewczuk, Maciej Skorko
INTRODUCTION: Pornography has become popular with Internet technology. For most people, pornography use (PU) is entertainment; for some, it can result in seeking treatment for out-of-control behavior. Previous studies have suggested that PU can influence sexual behaviors, but the direct relation between frequency of PU and treatment-seeking behaviors has not been examined. AIMS: To investigate whether individuals seeking treatment as a consequence of their problematic PU do so because of their quantity of pornography consumption or because of more complex psychological and behavioral factors related to PU, such as the severity of negative symptoms associated with PU and/or subjective feeling of loss of control over one's behavior...
May 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26828129/the-lived-experience-of-the-adolescent-sex-offender-a-phenomenological-case-study
#19
Beth Gerhard-Burnham, Lee A Underwood, Kathryn Speck, Cyrus Williams, Carrie Merino, Yolanda Crump
Treatment for adolescents with sexually maladaptive behaviors is a continuing intervention that is changing and developing as greater understanding about this population of adolescents is obtained. The majority of treatment programs for adolescent sexually maladaptive behavior contain programming components that include cognitive distortions/thinking errors. Interviews including a conceptual mapping exercise were conducted with four adolescents adjudicated to a secure care program for sexual behaviors. All four boys completed an interview and a conceptual map of their perceived experiences as an adolescent with sexual maladaptive behaviors...
2016: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26619775/treatment-of-compulsive-pornography-use-with-naltrexone-a-case-report
#20
LETTER
Shane W Kraus, Sarah Meshberg-Cohen, Steve Martino, Lantie J Quinones, Marc N Potenza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: American Journal of Psychiatry
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