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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727811/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-pornography-purchase-task
#1
Kyler Mulhauser, Emily Miller Short, Jeremiah Weinstock
Excessive pornography use and hypersexuality are frequently evaluated via direct self-report of problem severity and negative consequences associated with these behaviors. These face-valid assessments may be less sensitive to problems of hypersexuality in persons with low insight into their condition or in persons with motivation to minimize the negative impact of their pornography use. Demand for addictive substances has been effectively evaluated through a behavioral economic framework using a hypothetical purchase task, in which respondents are asked to report their degree of engagement with the substance as the financial costs associated with use increase...
April 26, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659072/characteristics-and-treatment-of-internet-child-pornography-offenders
#2
Thanh Ly, R Gregg Dwyer, J Paul Fedoroff
In the realm of sexual offenses, there has been a decrease in hands-on offenses, but an increase in online offenses against children. The current issue is whether online and offline sexual offenders are alike or differ. This literature review investigates the differences among individuals who have committed child pornography offenses, individuals who have committed contact offenses against children, and individuals who have committed both. This review discusses the various typologies that have been proposed of those who have committed online offenses against children, the diagnostic implications of having committed child pornography offenses, and the current state of treatment and prevention of individuals who have committed online sex offenses against children...
March 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502983/a-network-approach-to-hypersexuality-insights-and-clinical-implications
#3
Marlene Werner, Aleksandar Štulhofer, Lourens Waldorp, Tanja Jurin
BACKGROUND: In spite of a growing interest in research on hypersexuality, consensus about its etiology and best treatment strategy has not been achieved. AIM: To further the empirical and clinical understanding of hypersexuality by exploring the structure of its symptoms using a network analytic approach. METHODS: In 2014, an online survey advertised as focusing on Internet pornography, sexual health, and relationships was carried out among Croatian men and women aged 18-60 years (Mage  = 31...
March 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286835/drug-use-patterns-and-predictors-among-homeless-youth-results-of-an-ecological-momentary-assessment
#4
Diane Santa Maria, Nikhil Padhye, Yijiong Yang, Kathryn Gallardo, Glenn-Milo Santos, Julie Jung, Michael Businelle
BACKGROUND: Alcohol and drug use is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and is highly prevalent among homeless youth. Ecological Momentary Assessments (EMA) have been used to examine the effect of urges on drug use, though not among homeless youth. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the patterns of drug use and the correlation between real-time contextual factors and drug use using EMA collected daily. We identified predictors of drug use among a sample of homeless youth 18-25 years old in Houston, Texas...
December 29, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069616/the-assessment-and-treatment-of-adult-heterosexual-men-with-self-perceived-problematic-pornography-use-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Luke Sniewski, Panteá Farvid, Phil Carter
Self-Perceived Problematic Porn Use (SPPPU) refers to an individual who self-identifies as addicted to porn because they feel they are unable to regulate their porn consumption, and that use interferes with everyday life. Although porn addiction has not been formally classified as its own distinct behavioral addiction, therapists and clinicians are advised to educate themselves on the current state of literature pertaining to pornography consumption given the widespread availability and consumption of sexually explicit material online...
February 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034717/treatment-seeking-for-problematic-pornography-use-among-women
#6
Karol Lewczuk, Joanna Szmyd, Maciej Skorko, Mateusz Gola
Background and aims Previous studies examined psychological factors related to treatment seeking for problematic pornography use (PU) among males. In this study, we focused on females who seek treatment for problematic PU and compared them with non-problematic pornography users with regard to variables related to problematic PU. Second, we investigated the relationships between critical constructs related to problematic PU with the path analysis method, emphasizing the predictors for treatment seeking among women...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993093/hypersexual-disorder-according-to-the-hypersexual-disorder-screening-inventory-in-help-seeking-swedish-men-and-women-with-self-identified-hypersexual-behavior
#7
Katarina Görts Öberg, Jonas Hallberg, Viktor Kaldo, Cecilia Dhejne, Stefan Arver
INTRODUCTION: The Hypersexual Disorder Screening Inventory (HDSI) was developed by the American Psychiatric Association for clinical screening of hypersexual disorder (HD). AIMS: To examine the distribution of the proposed diagnostic entity HD according to the HDSI in a sample of men and women seeking help for problematic hypersexuality and evaluate some psychometric properties. METHODS: Data on sociodemographics, the HDSI, the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS), and the Cognitive and Behavioral Outcomes of Sexual Behavior were collected online from 16 women and 64 men who self-identified as hypersexual...
December 2017: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889754/the-development-and-initial-evaluation-of-the-pornography-use-avoidance-self-efficacy-scale
#8
Shane W Kraus, Harold Rosenberg, Steve Martino, Charla Nich, Marc N Potenza
Background and aims This study employed a newly developed questionnaire to evaluate whether men's self-efficacy to avoid using pornography in each of 18 emotional, social, or sexually arousing situations was associated with either their typical frequency of pornography use or their hypersexuality. Methods Using an Internet-based data collection procedure, 229 male pornography users (Mage  = 33.3 years, SD = 12.2) who had sought or considered seeking professional help for their use of pornography completed questionnaires assessing their situationally specific self-efficacy, history of pornography use, self-efficacy to employ specific pornography-reduction strategies, hypersexuality, and demographic characteristics...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691375/gender-differences-in-preferences-for-psychological-treatment-coping-strategies-and-triggers-to-help-seeking
#9
Louise Liddon, Roger Kingerlee, John A Barry
OBJECTIVE: There is some evidence that men and women deal with stress in different ways; for example, a meta-analysis found that women prefer to focus on emotions as a coping strategy more than men do. However, sex differences in preferences for therapy is a subject little explored. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey. METHOD: Participants (115 men and 232 women) were recruited via relevant websites and social media. The survey described therapies and asked participants how much they liked each...
March 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628898/-talking-about-child-sexual-abuse-would-have-helped-me-young-people-who-sexually-abused-reflect-on-preventing-harmful-sexual-behavior
#10
Gemma McKibbin, Cathy Humphreys, Bridget Hamilton
Harmful sexual behavior carried out by children and young people accounts for about half of all child sexual abuse perpetration. The aim of this study was to draw on the insights of young people who had been sexually abusive to enhance the current prevention agenda. The study involved semi-structured interviews with 14 young people and six treatment-providing workers. Sampling was purposive and the young people had previously completed a treatment program for harmful sexual behaviour in Victoria, Australia...
June 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409565/can-pornography-be-addictive-an-fmri-study-of-men-seeking-treatment-for-problematic-pornography-use
#11
Mateusz Gola, Małgorzata Wordecha, Guillaume Sescousse, Michał Lew-Starowicz, Bartosz Kossowski, Marek Wypych, Scott Makeig, Marc N Potenza, Artur Marchewka
Pornography consumption is highly prevalent, particularly among young adult males. For some individuals, problematic pornography use (PPU) is a reason for seeking treatment. Despite the pervasiveness of pornography, PPU appears under-investigated, including with respect to the underlying neural mechanisms. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we examined ventral striatal responses to erotic and monetary stimuli, disentangling cue-related 'wanting' from reward-related 'liking' among 28 heterosexual males seeking treatment for PPU and 24 heterosexual males without PPU...
September 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250554/technology-addiction-among-treatment-seekers-for-psychological-problems-implication-for-screening-in-mental-health-setting
#12
Aswathy Das, Manoj Kumar Sharma, P Thamilselvan, P Marimuthu
BACKGROUND: Technology usage has seen an increase among users. The usage varies from social, personal, and psychological reasons. Users are frequently using to overcome mood states as well as to manage the other psychological states. This work is going to explore the information technology use among subjects with a psychiatric disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 75 subjects were assessed using background data sheet, internet addiction impairment index, video game use pattern, pornography addiction screening tool and screening for mobile phone use, from in-patient and out-patient setting of tertiary mental health setting...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214738/problematic-internet-pornography-use-the-role-of-craving-desire-thinking-and-metacognition
#13
Andrew Allen, Lee Kannis-Dymand, Mary Katsikitis
Defined as sexually explicit material that elicits erotic thoughts, feelings, and behaviours, internet pornography is a prevalent form of media that may facilitate problematic use and craving for engagement. Research suggests that superordinate cognitions and information processing, such as desire thinking and metacognition, are central to the activation and escalation of craving in addictive behaviours. The current study aimed to contribute to the literature by testing the proposed metacognitive model of desire thinking and craving in a sample of problematic pornography users, while revising the model by incorporating negative affect...
July 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106937/naltrexone-for-the-treatment-of-comorbid-tobacco-and-pornography-addiction
#14
Noah A Capurso
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Co-occurring addictive disorders are common, however treatment strategies for this population have not been extensively studied. This is especially the case for behavioral addictions. METHODS: We present a patient (N = 1) with tobacco use disorder and problematic pornography use treated with naltrexone. RESULTS: Naltrexone treatment resulted in a decrease in pornography viewing and cigarette smoking, however had the adverse effect of anhedonia...
March 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631866/clinical-errors-and-therapist-discomfort-with-client-disclosure-of-troublesome-pornography-use-implications-for-clinical-practice-and-error-reduction
#15
Nathan T Walters, Paul M Spengler
Mental health professionals are increasingly aware of the need for competence in the treatment of clients with pornography-related concerns. However, while researchers have recently sought to explore efficacious treatments for pornography-related concerns, few explorations of potential clinical judgment issues have occurred. Due to the sensitive, and at times uncomfortable, nature of client disclosures of sexual concerns within therapy, therapists are required to manage their own discomfort while retaining fidelity to treatment...
September 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590829/integrating-psychological-and-neurobiological-considerations-regarding-the-development-and-maintenance-of-specific-internet-use-disorders-an-interaction-of-person-affect-cognition-execution-i-pace-model
#16
REVIEW
Matthias Brand, Kimberly S Young, Christian Laier, Klaus Wölfling, Marc N Potenza
Within the last two decades, many studies have addressed the clinical phenomenon of Internet-use disorders, with a particular focus on Internet-gaming disorder. Based on previous theoretical considerations and empirical findings, we suggest an Interaction of Person-Affect-Cognition-Execution (I-PACE) model of specific Internet-use disorders. The I-PACE model is a theoretical framework for the processes underlying the development and maintenance of an addictive use of certain Internet applications or sites promoting gaming, gambling, pornography viewing, shopping, or communication...
December 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440474/paroxetine-treatment-of-problematic-pornography-use-a-case-series
#17
Mateusz Gola, Marc N Potenza
Background How best to conceptualize problematic pornography use (PPU) and intervene most effectively remain debated, with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and addiction frameworks. We investigated the efficacy of the serotonin-reuptake inhibitor paroxetine in combination with cognitive-behavioral therapy in the treatment of problematic pornography use (PPU). Case presentation Three heterosexual males with PPU were treated with cognitive-behavioral therapy and paroxetine. Frequency of pornography use, other sexual behaviors, and anxiety were assessed during treatment...
September 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384864/testing-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-analytic-therapy-for-hypersexuality-disorder-an-intensive-time-series-evaluation
#18
Stephen Kellett, Mel Simmonds-Buckley, Peter Totterdell
The evidence base for treatment of hypersexuality disorder (HD) has few studies with appropriate methodological rigor. This study therefore conducted a single case experiment of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) for HD using an A/B design with extended follow-up. Cruising, pornography usage, masturbation frequency and associated cognitions and emotions were measured daily in a 231-day time series. Following a three-week assessment baseline (A: 21 days), treatment was delivered via outpatient sessions (B: 147 days), with the follow-up period lasting 63 days...
July 6, 2016: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27348557/clinical-characteristics-of-men-interested-in-seeking-treatment-for-use-of-pornography
#19
Shane W Kraus, Steve Martino, Marc N Potenza
Background and aims This study examined the prevalence of, and factors associated with, men's interest in seeking treatment for use of pornography. Methods Using an Internet-based data-collection procedure, we recruited 1,298 male pornography users to complete questionnaires assessing demographic and sexual behaviors, hypersexuality, pornography-use characteristics, and current interest in seeking treatment for use of pornography. Results Approximately 14% of men reported an interest in seeking treatment for use of pornography, whereas only 6...
June 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345497/clinicians-beliefs-observations-and-treatment-effectiveness-regarding-clients-sexual-addiction-and-internet-pornography-use
#20
Mary B Short, Chad T Wetterneck, Steven L Bistricky, Tim Shutter, Tannah E Chase
This study addressed how sex addiction and problematic IP use present to mental health professionals (MHPs), and how MHPs conceptualize and treat these issues. MHPs (N = 183) reported on beliefs about, experiences with, and treatment of problematic sexual behaviors (PBS). Most MHPs saw clients with PBS, but most do not feel competent to treat PBS. Specialized MHPs endorsed seeing more clients with PBS and feeling more effective than nonspecialists. Sexual addiction and problematic IP use share similarities, but differ in etiology and co-occurring problems...
November 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
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