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Roland morris

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888086/effects-of-smoking-on-subjective-and-objective-measures-of-pain-intensity-functional-impairment-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-lumbar-degenerative-disc-disease
#1
Holger Joswig, Martin N Stienen, Nicolas R Smoll, Marco V Corniola, Ivan Chau, Karl Schaller, Gerhard Hildebrandt, Oliver P Gautschi
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies assessed the effects of smoking on lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD); they focused on patient-reported outcomes measures (PROMs) and yielded conflicting results. METHODS: In this two-center study on consecutive patients receiving surgical treatment for lumbar DDD, subjective functional impairment (SFI) in terms of PROMs including visual analog scale back and leg pain, Roland-Morris, Oswestry Disability Index, Euro-Qol, Short Form-12 physical component summary was determined at baseline, three days, six weeks, six months and one year postoperatively...
November 22, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887967/percutaneous-image-guided-cryoablation-for-the-treatment-of-phantom-limb-pain-in-amputees-a-pilot-study
#2
J David Prologo, Charles A Gilliland, Michael Miller, Paul Harkey, Jackie Knight, Darren Kies, C Matthew Hawkins, David Corn, David K Monson, Faramarz Edalat, Sean Dariushnia, Luke Brewster
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate percutaneous image-guided nerve cryoablation for treatment of refractory phantom limb pain (PLP) in a pilot cohort for purposes of deriving parameters to design a larger, randomized, parallel-armed, controlled trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2015 to January 2016, 21 patients with refractory PLP underwent image-guided percutaneous cryoneurolysis procedures. Visual analog scale scores were documented at baseline and 7, 45, and 180 days after the procedure...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885478/the-roland-morris-disability-questionnaire-one-or-more-dimensions
#3
Tiê Parma Yamato, Chris G Maher, Bruno T Saragiotto, Mark J Catley, James H McAuley
PURPOSE: The Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) is one of the most recommended questionnaires to assess disability. Some previous studies support the assumption that the RMDQ is a unidimensional measure; however, recent studies have suggested that this measure has more than one domain and should be considered as a multidimensional scale. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyse the structure of the RMDQ in a large sample of patients with low back pain using two different statistical approaches...
November 24, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873048/the-usefulness-of-radiological-grading-scales-to-predict-pain-intensity-functional-impairment-and-health-related-quality-of-life-after-surgery-for-lumbar-degenerative-disc-disease
#4
Oliver P Gautschi, Martin N Stienen, Holger Joswig, Nicolas R Smoll, Karl Schaller, Marco V Corniola
PURPOSE: The goal of this study is to determine the relationship of radiological grading scales of lumbar degenerative disc disease (DDD) with postoperative pain intensity, functional impairment, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: Response to surgical treatment at 6 weeks (W6) on the visual analogue scale (VAS) for back and leg pain, Oswestry-Disability (ODI) and Roland-Morris Disability Index (RMDI), Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, EuroQol (EQ) 5D, and Short-Form Health-Survey (SF-12) physical component summary (PCS) was compared between patients with different Modic (MOD) and Pfirrmann (PFI) grades...
November 21, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870807/back-pain-prevalence-is-associated-with-curve-type-and-severity-in-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Jean Théroux, Sylvie Le May, Jeffrey J Hebert, Hubert Labelle
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To investigate spinal pain prevalence in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and to explore associations between pain intensity and pain-related disability with scoliosis site, severity and spinal bracing. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The causal link between spinal pain and AIS remains unclear. Spinal asymmetry has been recognized as a back pain risk factor, which is a known cause of care-seeking in adolescents...
November 18, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856138/predicting-three-month-functional-outcomes-after-an-ed-visit-for-acute-low-back-pain
#6
Benjamin W Friedman, Stuart Gensler, Andrew Yoon, Rebecca Nerenberg, Lynne Holden, Polly E Bijur, E John Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Nearly 30% of patients who present to an ED with acute, new onset, low back pain (LBP) report LBP-related functional impairment three months later. These patients are at risk of chronic LBP, a highly debilitating condition. It has been reported previously that functional impairment, depression, and psychosomatic symptomatology at the index visit are associated with poor LBP outcomes. We wished to replicate those findings in a cohort of ED patients, and also to determine if clinical features present at one week follow-up could predict three-month outcomes in individual patients...
November 5, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852717/efficacy-of-acupuncture-for-degenerative-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-protocol-for-a-randomised-sham-acupuncture-controlled-trial
#7
Zongshi Qin, Yulong Ding, Jiani Wu, Jing Zhou, Likun Yang, Xiaoxu Liu, Zhishun Liu
INTRODUCTION: Degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (DLSS) is a major public health problem and the primary reason why older adults seek lumbar spine surgery. Acupuncture may be effective for DLSS, but the evidence supporting this possibility is still limited. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A total of 80 participants with DLSS will be randomly allocated to either an acupuncture group or a sham acupuncture (SA) group at a ratio of 1:1. 24 treatments will be provided over 8 weeks...
November 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851665/measurement-properties-of-the-brazilian-portuguese-version-of-the-lumbar-spine-instability-questionnaire
#8
Amanda Costa Araujo, Lucíola da Cunha Menezes Costa, Crystian Bittencourt Oliveira, Priscila Kalil Morelhão, Rúben Faria Negrão Filho, Rafael Zambelli Pinto, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-cultural adaptation and analysis of measurement properties. OBJECTIVE: To translate and cross-culturally adapt the Lumbar Spine Instability Questionnaire (LSIQ) into Brazilian-Portuguese and to test its measurement properties in Brazilian patients with low back pain. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The selection of subgroup of patients that respond better to specific interventions is the top research priority in the field of back pain...
November 15, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849389/core-stability-exercise-versus-general-exercise-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#9
Brian J Coulombe, Kenneth E Games, Elizabeth R Neil, Lindsey E Eberman
: Reference: Wang XQ, Zheng JJ, Yu ZW, et al. A meta-analysis of core stability exercise versus general exercise for chronic low back pain. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e52082. Clinical Questions: Is core stability exercise more effective than general exercise in the treatment of patients with nonspecific low back pain (LBP)? DATA SOURCES: The authors searched the following databases: China Biological Medicine disc, Cochrane Library, Embase, and PubMed from 1970 through 2011...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831985/randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-phase-iii-trial-of-duloxetine-monotherapy-in-japanese-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#10
Shinichi Konno, Natsuko Oda, Toshimitsu Ochiai, Levent Alev
STUDY DESIGN: A 14-week, randomized, double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled study of Japanese patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) who were randomized to either duloxetine 60 mg once daily or placebo. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of duloxetine monotherapy in Japanese patients with CLBP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In Japan, duloxetine is approved for the treatment of depression, diabetic neuropathic pain, and pain associated with fibromyalgia; however, no clinical study of duloxetine has been conducted for CLBP...
November 15, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807526/the-effects-of-strength-exercise-and-walking-on-lumbar-function-pain-level-and-body-composition-in-chronic-back-pain-patients
#11
Jung-Seok Lee, Suh-Jung Kang
The beneficial effects of a strength exercise program and a combined exercise program of strength training plus walking were examined in overweight with chronic back pain patients. The participants were randomly placed in the strength exercise group (SEG, n=15), combined exercise group (CEG, n=15), and control group (CG, n=6). All subjects performed exercise twice per week, 50 min per session with a professional instructors for 12 weeks. In order to evaluate exercise intervention effects, lumbar function was measured by back strength and flexibility...
October 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776141/a-systematic-review-of-outcome-measures-use-analytical-approaches-reporting-methods-and-publication-volume-by-year-in-low-back-pain-trials-published-between-1980-and-2012-respice-adspice-et-prospice
#12
Robert Froud, Shilpa Patel, Dévan Rajendran, Philip Bright, Tom Bjørkli, Rachelle Buchbinder, Sandra Eldridge, Martin Underwood
BACKGROUND: Increasing patient-reported outcome measures in the 1980s and 1990s led to the development of recommendations at the turn of the millennium for standardising outcome measures in non-specific low back pain (LBP) trials. Whether these recommendations impacted use is unclear. Previous work has examined citation counts, but actual use and change over time, has not been explored. Since 2011, there has been some consensus on the optimal methods for reporting back pain trial outcomes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765643/identifying-treatment-effect-modifiers-in-the-start-back-trial-a-secondary-analysis
#13
Jason M Beneciuk, Jonathan C Hill, Paul Campbell, Ebenezer Afolabi, Steven Z George, Kate M Dunn, Nadine E Foster
: Identification of patient characteristics influencing treatment outcomes is a top low back pain (LBP) research priority. Results from the STarT Back Trial support the effectiveness of prognostic stratified care for LBP compared to current best care, however patient characteristics associated with treatment response have not yet been explored. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to identify treatment-effect modifiers within the STarT Back Trial at 4 months follow-up (n=688). Treatment response was dichotomized using back-specific physical disability measured by the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (≥7)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758772/effect-of-systemic-therapies-on-outcomes-following-vertebroplasty-among-patients-with-multiple-myeloma
#14
R J McDonald, J S McDonald, D F Kallmes, V T Lehman, F E Diehn, J T Wald, K R Thielen, A Dispenzieri, P H Luetmer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The role of vertebroplasty in patients with myeloma remains relatively undefined. Accordingly, we sought to better define the efficacy of vertebroplasty for myeloma-associated fractures and determine the effect of procedure timing relative to the initiation of systemic therapy on outcomes and complication rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical, laboratory, and medication data were retrieved for 172 patients with multiple myeloma treated with vertebroplasty since October 2000...
October 6, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755279/open-label-placebo-treatment-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Cláudia Carvalho, Joaquim Machado Caetano, Lidia Cunha, Paula Rebouta, Ted J Kaptchuk, Irving Kirsch
This randomized controlled trial was performed to investigate whether placebo effects in chronic low back pain could be harnessed ethically by adding open-label placebo (OLP) treatment to treatment as usual (TAU) for 3 weeks. Pain severity was assessed on three 0- to 10-point Numeric Rating Scales, scoring maximum pain, minimum pain, and usual pain, and a composite, primary outcome, total pain score. Our other primary outcome was back-related dysfunction, assessed on the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire...
December 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746554/correlation-of-quality-of-life-scores-to-clinical-outcome-of-lumbar-epidural-steroids-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#16
Saru Singh, Kulvinder Singh, Ruchi Gupta, Nayyamat Kaur, Pranav Bansal, Sanjeet Singh
CONTEXT AND AIM: The assessment of severity of low back pain includes subjective questionnaires to quantify the impact on routine life. The objective of current study was to correlate various quality of life (QOL) scores to the clinical outcome measured as improvement in Visual Analog Score (VAS) after interventional treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-one consecutive chronic low backache patients were assessed for pain intensity using VAS, revised Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Quebec's, Roland-Morris disability questionnaire (RMDQ), and depression score at presentation...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744135/classification-characteristics-of-a-chronic-low-back-pain-population-using-a-combined-mckenzie-and-patho-anatomical-assessment
#17
Carol Ann Flavell, Susan Gordon, Laurence Marshman
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapists use musculo-skeletal classification systems for patient assessment. Since its early development, the McKenzie lumbar spine assessment (MK) has been incorporated into examination algorithms and combined with a series of patho-anatomical diagnostic tests. No previous studies have used a MK and a combined examination (MK-C) to provide a detailed profile of patients, report and compare the classification characteristics of a chronic low back pain (CLBP) population...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733191/identification-of-subgroups-of-inflammatory-and-degenerative-mri-findings-in-the-spine-and-sacroiliac-joints-a-latent-class-analysis-of-1037-patients-with-persistent-low-back-pain
#18
Bodil Arnbak, Rikke Krüger Jensen, Claus Manniche, Oliver Hendricks, Peter Kent, Anne Grethe Jurik, Tue Secher Jensen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate subgroups of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings for the spine and sacroiliac joints (SIJs) using latent class analysis (LCA), and to investigate whether these subgroups differ in their demographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: The sample included 1037 patients aged 18-40 years with persistent low back pain (LBP). LCA was applied to MRI findings of the spine and SIJs. The resulting subgroups were tested for differences in self-reported demographic and clinical characteristics...
October 13, 2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721002/lumbar-muscle-cross-sectional-areas-do-not-predict-clinical-outcomes-in-adults-with-spinal-stenosis-a-longitudinal-study
#19
Alfred C Gellhorn, Pradeep Suri, Sean Rundell, Nathan Olafsen, M Jake Carlson, Steve Johnson, Adrielle Fry, Thiru Anaswammy, Christopher Gilligan, Bryan Comstock, Patrick Heagerty, Janna Friedly, Jeffrey G Jarvik
BACKGROUND: Minimal longitudinal data exist regarding the role of lumbar musculature in predicting back pain and function. In cross sectional study designs, there is often atrophy of the segmental multifidus muscle in subjects with low back pain compared with matched controls. However, the cross sectional design of these studies prevents drawing conclusions regarding whether lumbar muscle characteristics predict or modify future back pain or function. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective is to determine if the cross sectional area (CSA) of lumbar muscles predicts functional status or back pain at 6- or 12-month follow-up in older adults with spinal degeneration...
October 6, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713076/fear-of-movement-is-not-associated-with-objective-and-subjective-physical-activity-levels-in-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#20
Flávia A Carvalho, Chris G Maher, Marcia R Franco, Priscila K Morelhão, Crystian B Oliveira, Fernanda G Silva, Rafael Z Pinto
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association of physical activity measures, derived with an accelerometer and a self-reported questionnaire, with fear of movement in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (LBP) and to investigate the association between disability and fear of movement in this population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Outpatient physical therapy university clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N=119) presenting with nonspecific LBP of >3 months' duration...
October 3, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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