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effect of locomotor training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787329/sensitivity-to-change-and-responsiveness-of-the-segmental-assessment-of-trunk-control-satco-in-children-with-spinal-cord-injury
#1
Laura C Argetsinger, Shelley A Trimble, MacKenzie T Roberts, Jennifer E Thompson, Beatrice Ugiliweneza, Andrea L Behrman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the sensitivity and responsiveness of the Segmental Assessment of Trunk Control (SATCo) for evaluating trunk control in children with spinal cord injury (SCI) receiving activity-based locomotor training (AB-LT). METHODS: Prospective study of nine outcomes for consecutively enrolled children in outpatient AB-LT. To evaluate sensitivity to change, linear-mixed models were constructed and adjusted for covariates: age at and time since SCI...
May 22, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786676/-the-modern-approaches-to-the-restoration-of-postural-balance-in-the-patients-suffering-from-the-consequences-of-an-acute-cerebrovascular-accident-cva
#2
S A Volovets, E Y Sergeenko, L Y Darinskaya, B A Polyaev, Y A Yashinina, M A Isaeva, I V Zhitareva, A N Lobov, T I Panova
BACKGROUND: the most frequent and severe consequences of an acute cerebrovascular accident (CVA) are locomotor and coordination disorders which significantly increase the risk of falling in a static position and when walking. The methods used for the rehabilitation of the affected patients are designed in the first place to enable the patients to acquire the skills necessary for maintaining the static balance. The modern equipment allows to carry out coordination training in the static position and also during walking...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737479/locomotor-treadmill-training-promotes-soleus-trophism-by-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-pathway-in-paraplegic-rats
#3
Caroline Cunha do Espírito Santo, Daniela Dal Secco, Anamaria Meireles, Gabriel Ribeiro de Freitas, Franciane Bobinski, Mauricio Peña Cunha, Ana Lúcia Severo Rodrigues, Alessandra Swarowsky, Adair Roberto Soares Santos, Jocemar Ilha
Assisted-treadmill training, may be helpful in promoting muscle mass preservation after incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). However, biological mechanism involved in this process is still not fully understood. This study investigated the effects of locomotor treadmill training on muscle trophism mediated by protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6K) in paraplegic rats. Adult female Wistar rats underwent an incomplete thoracic SCI induced by compression using an aneurysm clip...
May 8, 2018: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733851/fish-oil-supplementation-reverses-behavioral-and-neurochemical-alterations-induced-by-swimming-exercise-in-rats
#4
Fabiola Vila Dos Santos, Adriano D S Targa, Ivilin Hammerchmidt, Sílvio M Zanata, Flávia G Maia, Jesui V Visentainer, Oscar O Santos Junior, Belmira Andrade da Costa, Cláudia J Lagranha, Anete C Ferraz
Diet and exercise are known to affect learning and memory. However, the effects of these interventions in the brain under development remains to be better investigated as the effects of high-intensity exercise. Moreover, it is still unclear how long the influence of diet and exercise lasts after the interventions are ceased. To investigate this, juvenile Wistar rats (30 days old) were supplemented with fish oil rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and performed swimming training for 50 days, 45 min per day, 5 times/week...
May 4, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733299/the-validity-and-reliability-of-15-hz-global-positioning-system-units-for-assessing-the-activity-profiles-of-university-football-players
#5
M Barr, T Beaver, D Turczyn, S Cornish
Global Positioning System (GPS) units have recently become popular for monitoring and assessing the workloads of football players. Currently there is a lack of studies examining the validity and reliability of these systems for that purpose, so the aim of the current study was to determine if 15 Hz units (SPI HPU, GPSports, Canberra, Australia) could accurately be used to describe the physical demands of football. A series of cohort studies were carried out with Canadian university football players (n=28). In order to assess the accuracy of the units' ability to measure high velocity sprinting, 12 players performed multiple electronically timed 36...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720876/can-a-single-session-of-motor-imagery-promote-motor-learning-of-locomotion-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Vaughan P Nicholson, Justin Wl Keogh, Nancy L Low Choy
Purpose: To investigate the influence of a single session of locomotor-based motor imagery training on motor learning and physical performance. Patients and methods: Thirty independent adults aged >65 years took part in the randomized controlled trial. The study was conducted within an exercise science laboratory. Participants were randomly divided into three groups following baseline locomotor testing: motor imagery training, physical training, and control groups...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659539/post-game-high-protein-intake-may-improve-recovery-of-football-specific-performance-during-a-congested-game-fixture-results-from-the-pro-football-study
#7
Athanasios Poulios, Ioannis G Fatouros, Magni Mohr, Dimitrios K Draganidis, Chariklia Deli, Konstantinos Papanikolaou, Apostolos Sovatzidis, Theofano Nakopoulou, Georgios Ermidis, Theofanis Tzatzakis, Vasiliki C Laschou, Kalliopi Georgakouli, Agisilaos Koulouris, Panagiotis Tsimeas, Athanasios Chatzinikolaou, Leonidas G Karagounis, Dimitrios Batsilas, Peter Krustrup, Athanasios Z Jamurtas
The effects of protein supplementation on performance recovery and inflammatory responses during a simulated one-week in-season microcycle with two games (G1, G2) performed three days apart were examined. Twenty football players participated in two trials, receiving either milk protein concentrate (1.15 and 0.26 g/kg on game and training days, respectively) (PRO) or an energy-matched placebo (1.37 and 0.31 g/kg of carbohydrate on game and training days, respectively) (PLA) according to a randomized, repeated-measures, crossover, double-blind design...
April 16, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658831/short-burst-interval-treadmill-training-walking-capacity-and-performance-in-cerebral-palsy-a-pilot-study
#8
Kristie F Bjornson, Noelle Moreau, Amy Winter Bodkin
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of short-burst interval locomotor treadmill training (SBLTT) on walking capacity and performance in cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twelve children with spastic diplegic CP (average 8.6 years) across Gross Motor Function Classification System levels II (8) and III (4) were randomized to 20 SBLTT sessions over 4 or 10 weeks. SBLTT consisted of alternating 30 seconds of slow and fast walking for 30 minutes/session. Outcomes included the 10 m walk test, one-minute walk test (1MWT), and timed-up-and go (TUG) (capacity) and StepWatch (performance) collected at baseline, post, and 6 weeks post...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648984/facilitation-of-locomotor-spinal-networks-activity-by-buspirone-after-a-complete-spinal-cord-lesion-in-mice
#9
Renaud Jeffrey-Gauthier, Nicolas Josset, Frédéric Bretzner, Hugues Leblond
Despite efforts to potentiate spinal cord lesioned (SCL) patients' functional recovery with multi-targeted therapy combining pharmacological treatment and training, consistent improvements in locomotor control by descending transmission or spinal network facilitation are still eluding clinicians and researchers. Lately, US Food and Drug Administration-approved buspirone has shown promise and promoted locomotor-like movement occurrence in SCL patients, but evidence on how and where it exerts its effects is lacking...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630067/respiratory-effects-of-thoracic-load-carriage-exercise-and-inspiratory-muscle-training-as-a-strategy-to-optimize-respiratory-muscle-performance-with-load-carriage
#10
Ren-Jay Shei, Robert F Chapman, Allison H Gruber, Timothy D Mickleborough
Many occupational and recreational settings require the use of protective and/or load-bearing apparatuses worn over the thoracic cavity, known as thoracic load carriage (LC). Compared to normal, unloaded exercise, thoracic LC exercise places an additional demand on the respiratory and limb locomotor systems by altering ventilatory mechanics as well as circulatory responses to exercise, thus accelerating the development of fatigue in the diaphragm and accessory respiratory muscles compared to unloaded exercise...
December 2017: Springer science reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615890/automatic-setting-procedure-for-exoskeleton-assisted-overground-gait-proof-of-concept-on-stroke-population
#11
Marta Gandolla, Eleonora Guanziroli, Andrea D'Angelo, Giovanni Cannaviello, Franco Molteni, Alessandra Pedrocchi
Stroke-related locomotor impairments are often associated with abnormal timing and intensity of recruitment of the affected and non-affected lower limb muscles. Restoring the proper lower limbs muscles activation is a key factor to facilitate recovery of gait capacity and performance, and to reduce maladaptive plasticity. Ekso is a wearable powered exoskeleton robot able to support over-ground gait training. The user controls the exoskeleton by triggering each single step during the gait cycle. The fine-tuning of the exoskeleton control system is crucial-it is set according to the residual functional abilities of the patient, and it needs to ensure lower limbs powered gait to be the most physiological as possible...
2018: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600588/cost-utility-of-a-six-month-programmed-sports-therapy-pst-in-patients-with-haemophilia
#12
J Koeberlein-Neu, B Runkel, T Hilberg
INTRODUCTION: Recurrent musculoskeletal haemorrhages in people with haemophilia (PwH) lead to restrictions in the locomotor system and, as a result, in physical performance, too. Due to its physical and psychological benefits, sport is increasingly re-commended for haemophilic patients. Evidence on the cost-effectiveness of sports therapy is still lacking. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of a 6-month programmed sports therapy (PST)...
March 30, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571824/dose-dependent-reduction-in-cocaine-induced-locomotion-by-clozapine-n-oxide-in-rats-with-a-history-of-cocaine-self-administration
#13
Yasmin Padovan-Hernandez, Lori A Knackstedt
Designer Receptors Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs (DREADDs) are novel tools for the dissection of circuitry mediating behavior and neural function. Designer receptors based on the muscarinic M3 and M4 subtypes were designed to be activated by clozapine-N-oxide (CNO), a ligand previously shown to be an inert metabolite of clozapine. However, recent work in rats has shown that CNO is reverse metabolized to its parent compound. Furthermore, CNO administration (5 mg/kg IP) attenuates amphetamine-induced locomotion and the evoked dopamine response that accompanies it...
March 20, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562554/comparative-effects-of-robotic-assisted-gait-training-combined-with-conventional-physical-therapy-on-paretic-hip-joint-stiffness-and-kinematics-between-subacute-and-chronic-hemiparetic-stroke
#14
Ji-Ho Park, Yong-Il Shin, Joshua Sung H You, Min Su Park
BACKGROUND: Robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) has been proposed as a novel, promising intervention paradigm to improve gait function in subacute or chronic stroke neurorehabilitation. However, the benefits of RAGT combined with conventional physical therapy for gait recovery in patients with subacute and chronic hemiparetic stroke remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of RAGT combine with conventional physical therapy on hip joint kinetics, kinematics, and clinical function characteristics between subacute and chronic hemiparetic stroke...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526857/combined-effects-of-cerebellar-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-and-transcutaneous-spinal-direct-current-stimulation-on-robot-assisted-gait-training-in-patients-with-chronic-brain-stroke-a-pilot-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Alessandro Picelli, Elena Chemello, Paola Castellazzi, Mirko Filippetti, Annalisa Brugnera, Marialuisa Gandolfi, Andreas Waldner, Leopold Saltuari, Nicola Smania
BACKGROUND: Preliminary evidence showed additional effects of anodal transcranial direct current stimulation over the damaged cerebral hemisphere combined with cathodal transcutaneous spinal direct current stimulation during robot-assisted gait training in chronic stroke patients. This is consistent with the neural organization of locomotion involving cortical and spinal control. The cerebellum is crucial for locomotor control, in particular for avoidance of obstacles, and adaptation to novel conditions during walking...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526856/a-wearable-resistive-robot-facilitates-locomotor-adaptations-during-gait
#16
Edward P Washabaugh, Chandramouli Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Robotic-resisted treadmill walking is a form of task-specific training that has been used to improve gait function in individuals with neurological injury, such as stroke, spinal cord injury, or cerebral palsy. Traditionally, these devices use active elements (e.g., motors or actuators) to provide resistance during walking, making them bulky, expensive, and less suitable for overground or in-home rehabilitation. We recently developed a low-cost, wearable robotic brace that generates resistive torques across the knee joint using a simple magnetic brake...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511808/oral-dosing-of-rodents-using-a-palatable-tablet
#17
Sandeep S Dhawan, Shuang Xia, David S Tait, Christoffer Bundgaard, Ellen Bowman, Verity J Brown
RATIONALE: Delivering orally bioavailable drugs to rodents is an important component to investigating that route of administration in novel treatments for humans. However, the traditional method of oral gavage requires training, is stressful, and can induce oesophageal damage in rodents. OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate a novel administrative technique-palatable gelatine tablets-as a stress-free route of oral delivery. METHODS: Twenty-four male Lister hooded rats were sacrificed for brain tissue analysis at varying time-points after jelly administration of 30 mg/kg of the wake-promoting drug modafinil...
May 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490678/locomotor-training-using-an-overground-robotic-exoskeleton-in-long-term-manual-wheelchair-users-with-a-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-living-in-the-community-lessons-learned-from-a-feasibility-study-in-terms-of-recruitment-attendance-learnability-performance-and
#18
Dany H Gagnon, Manuel J Escalona, Martin Vermette, Lívia P Carvalho, Antony D Karelis, Cyril Duclos, Mylène Aubertin-Leheudre
BACKGROUND: For individuals who sustain a complete motor spinal cord injury (SCI) and rely on a wheelchair as their primary mode of locomotion, overground robotic exoskeletons represent a promising solution to stand and walk again. Although overground robotic exoskeletons have gained tremendous attention over the past decade and are now being transferred from laboratories to clinical settings, their effects remain unclear given the paucity of scientific evidence and the absence of large-scale clinical trials...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486171/sex-differences-and-the-role-of-acute-stress-in-the-open-field-tower-maze
#19
Olga Lipatova, Matthew M Campolattaro, Dawndra C Dixon, Ayse Durak
Many studies provide evidence that differences in spatial learning exist between males and females. However, it is necessary to consider non-mnemonic factors that may influence these findings. The present experiment investigated acquisition, retention, and the effects of stress on response- and place-learning in male and female rats. Rats were trained in an open-field tower maze. Procedures were used to minimize stress in the rats, and their ability to solve place- or response-learning in the maze was determined by analyzing a response variable (i...
May 15, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484877/neurologic-music-therapy-in-upper-limb-rehabilitation-in-children-with-severe-bilateral-cerebral-palsy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Eugenio Marrades-Caballero, Clara S Santonja-Medina, Jose M Sanz-Mengibar, Fernando Santonja-Medina
BACKGROUND: After receiving neurologic music therapy, functional improvements in children with severe bilateral cerebral palsy have not been found in the literature. Musical training with instruments allows interrelationships between movement, emotions and cognition for task-based learning, in order to improve motor control. AIM: To understand whether neurologic music therapy has an impact on the functionality of children with severe cerebral palsy. DESIGN: A randomized controlled assessor-blind trial was carried out...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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