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Acute brachial neuritis

Ashish K Jha, Sandeep Nijhawan, Subhash Nepalia, Arya Suchismita
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is a common cause of acute hepatitis in India and other developing countries. The data regarding the neurologic manifestation of HEV infection are limited. The neurologic disorders including Guillain-Barré syndrome, polyradiculopathy, neuralgic amyotrophy, encephalitis, bilateral brachial neuritis, ataxia/proximal myopathy, and acute transverse myelitis have been described. Bell's palsy and other cranial nerve involvement in hepatitis A virus (HAV) and HEV infection are rare...
March 2012: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
Shikha Jain, Girish Chandra Bhatt, Nirendra Rai, Bhavna Dhingra Bhan
Brachial neuritis is a rare disease in children, affecting mainly the lower motor neurons of the brachial plexus and/or individual nerves or nerve branches. We report a case of idiopathic brachial plexus neuritis in a 2½-year-old female child admitted with acute respiratory distress and given antibiotic therapy following which she developed weakness of the left hand. She was diagnosed as a case of idiopathic brachial plexus neuritis and was given supportive care. Although, the association with antibiotic therapy in this case could be incidental, indeed it is intriguing and requires further studies...
September 2014: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
D Tissier-Ducamp, S Martinez, K Alagha, D Charpin, P Chanez, A Palot
We report the case of a 49-years-old patient who presented to the accident and emergency department with sudden onset dyspnea associated with acute shoulder pain. He was breathless at rest with supine hypoxemia. He had an amyotrophic left shoulder with localized paresis of the shoulder. Both hemi-diaphragms were elevated on chest X-rays. Pulmonary function tests showed a restrictive pattern and both phrenic nerve conduction velocities were decreased. At night, alveolar hypoventilation was evidenced by elevated mean capnography (PtcCO2: 57mmHg)...
September 2015: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
K L Woolson, A Forbes, L Vine, L Beynon, L McElhinney, V Panayi, J G Hunter, R G Madden, T Glasgow, A Kotecha, H C Dalton, L Mihailescu, U Warshow, H S Hussaini, J Palmer, B N Mclean, B Haywood, R P Bendall, H R Dalton
BACKGROUND: Autochthonous (locally acquired) hepatitis E is increasingly recognised in developed countries, and is thought to be a porcine zoonosis. A range of extra-hepatic manifestations of hepatitis E infection have been described, but have never been systematically studied. AIM: To report the extra-hepatic manifestations of hepatitis E virus. METHODS: Retrospective review of data of 106 cases of autochthonous hepatitis E (acute n = 105, chronic n = 1)...
December 2014: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Duncan P Fransz, Casper P Schönhuth, Tjeerd J Postma, Barend J van Royen
BACKGROUND: The 'Parsonage-Turner syndrome' (PTS) is a rare but distinct disorder with an abrupt onset of shoulder pain, followed by weakness and atrophy of the upper extremity musculature, and a slow recovery requiring months to years. To our best knowledge, this is the first case describing symptoms and signs of PTS following the administration of a post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) regimen against possible human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old Caucasian man presented with pain and unilateral scapular winging following PEP against possible HIV and HBV infection...
2014: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
A Deroux, J P Brion, L Hyerle, A Belbezier, M Vaillant, E Mosnier, S Larrat, P Morand, P Pavese
Hepatitis E (HEV) is an emerging disease in our developed countries, but is not routinely tested for in case of liver cytolysis. However, a growing number of extra-hepatic manifestations of HEV infection associated with acute hepatitis are reported. In this article, we discuss two cases of HEV with neurological symptoms, one with encephalitis, and the other with Parsonage Turner syndrome. All these disorders appeared concomitantly with liver cytolysis and disappeared quickly, following the viral kinetics. Only twenty cases of neurological manifestation of HEV have been described before...
May 2014: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
Nilesh G Satbhai, Kazuteru Doi, Yasunori Hattori, Sotetsu Sakamoto
Hopkins syndrome is a rare cause of poliomyelitis-like paralysis affecting 1 or more extremities after an acute attack of asthma. The exact etiology of Hopkins syndrome is not known. A 4-year-old girl developed acute asthma followed by complete flaccid paralysis of the left upper extremity. She underwent staged reconstruction using the double free muscle transfer technique. Rigorous postoperative physiotherapy was carried out to achieve a good functional outcome. At recent follow-up, 27 months after the first procedure, the patient was able to effectively use the reconstructed hand for most daily activities...
February 2014: Journal of Hand Surgery
Shu-Ichi Ikeda
Neuralgic amyotrophy (NA, also known as Parsonage-Turner syndrome) is a distinct peripheral nervous system (PNS) disorder, characterized by sudden attacks of severe neuropathic pain usually in the shoulder and/or arm. The neuralgia commonly disappears after a few days to weeks, and consequently patchy paresis with amyotrophy appears. The available evidence suggests that NA is essentially idiopathic immune-mediated neuritis of the brachial plexus, and also has a complex pathogenesis that includes an underlying predisposition, susceptibility to dysfunction of some PNS structure, and a trigger for the attacks, such as viral infection, vaccination, trauma, surgery, and strenuous exercise...
2013: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Marcus Vinicius Pinto, Lucia Joffily, Maurice Borges Vincent
Background. Parsonage-Turner syndrome, or neuralgic amyotrophy (NA), is an acute brachial plexus neuritis that typically presents with unilateral shoulder pain and amyotrophy but also can affect other peripheral nerves, including the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Idiopathic vocal fold paralysis (VFP) represents approximately 12% of the VFP cases and recurrence is extremely rare. Methods and Results. We report a man with isolated recurrent unilateral right VFP and a diagnosis of NA years before. Conclusions. We emphasize that shoulder pain and amyotrophy should be inquired in any patient suffering from inexplicable dysphonia, and Parsonage-Turner syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis of idiopathic VFP...
2013: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Yumi Ha, Duk Hyun Sung, Yoonhong Park, Du Hwan Kim
Myeloid sarcoma is a solid, extramedullary tumor comprising of immature myeloid cells. It may occur in any organ; however, the invasion of peripheral nervous system is rare. Herein, we report the case of myeloid sarcoma on the brachial plexus. A 37-year-old woman with acute myelogenous leukemia achieved complete remission after chemotherapy. One year later, she presented right shoulder pain, progressive weakness in the right upper extremity and hypesthesia. Based on magnetic resonance images (MRI) and electrophysiologic study, a provisional diagnosis of brachial plexus neuritis was done and hence steroid pulse therapy was carried out...
April 2013: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Skrallan Verhasselt, Sebastiaan Schelfaut, Filiep Bataillie, Lieven Moke
Parsonage-Turner syndrome (PTS) is a distinct clinical syndrome, characterized by acute and severe (mostly) unilateral shoulder pain, followed by paresis and atrophy of the shoulder girdle, while the pain decreases. Most authors consider it as an immune-mediated disorder. PTS is notoriously unrecognised and is usually diagnosed with delay. A PTS may also occur following a surgical procedure. Postsurgical PTS is an under-recognised and challenging clinical entity, as illustrated in the case reported here of a 59-year-old man, 4 weeks after anterior discectomy and fusion C5C7...
February 2013: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
Maliha Farhana Shaikh, Tanya Jane Baqai, Hasan Tahir
Brachial neuritis following vaccination is an uncommon but clinically important presentation of severe shoulder and arm pain associated with globally reduced range of movement. It may be confused with the more common diagnoses of rotator cuff pathology, adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder), shoulder arthritis or cervical spondylosis. We present a case of acute brachial neuritis, which posed a clinical diagnostic challenge to emergency, acute medical and rheumatology clinicians.
2012: BMJ Case Reports
Sagrario Pérez-de la Cruza
We present the case of a 17-year-old male whose diagnosis is Parsonage-Turner syndrome relapsing in the right arm. In his medical record, he was diagnosed as having amyotrophic neuralgia of the upper limb in three previous occasions. The diagnosis was similar in all episodes, although the affected upper limb was alternating. He was treated in the Rehabilitation Services of two hospitals. At physical examination, in every relapse, he showed acute pain in both, shoulder and arm, and loss of strength in the shoulder blade and the affected upper limb...
October 2012: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Modern Weng, Constance Fidel
Parsonage-Turner syndrome, or acute brachial neuritis/plexitis, is a rare condition that should be included in the differential diagnosis of any athlete who presents with antecedent flulike symptoms, with progression to significant neuropathic pain, followed by profound weakness in the affected upper extremity. In rare cases, the main presenting symptom of this condition may be dyspnea on exertion secondary to an isolated unilateral brachial neuritis of the phrenic nerve.
July 2010: Sports Health
Ko-suke Naito, Kazuhiro Fukushima, Seiko Suzuki, Motoi Kuwahara, Hiroshi Morita, Susumu Kusunoki, Shu-ichi Ikeda
BACKGROUND: Neuralgic amyotrophy (NA) is a distinct peripheral nervous system disorder characterized by attacks of acute neuropathic pain and rapid multifocal weakness and atrophy unilaterally in the upper limb. The current hypothesis is that the episodes are caused by an immune-mediated response to the brachial plexus, however, therapeutic strategies for NA have not been well established. METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively reviewed 15 case series of NA; 10 of the 15 patients received intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) with methylprednisolone pulse therapy (MPPT) and 9 of these 0 patients showed clinical improvement of motor impairment...
2012: Internal Medicine
M N Stienen, D Cadosch, J-Y Fournier, G Hildebrandt, O P Gautschi
The classic cervicobrachialgia results acutely from cervical nerve root compression by disc herniation or subacutely by radicular compression after progressive spondylotic changes of the cervical spine. The clinical presentation includes local and radiating pain syndromes that can be accompanied by sensorimotor deficits. Besides the medical history and a targeted clinical examination, supplementary radiographic means should be undertaken to confirm diagnosis. If no urgent surgical indication exists, conservative therapy should be initiated...
May 23, 2012: Praxis
Edward C Mader, Joaquin S Maury, Lenay Santana-Gould, Randall D Craver, Rima El-Abassi, Enrique Segura-Palacios, Austin J Sumner
INTRODUCTION: Human rabies can be overlooked in places where this disease is now rare. Its diagnosis is further confused by a negative history of exposure (cryptogenic rabies), by a Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) type of presentation, or by symptoms indicating another diagnosis, eg, acute brachial neuritis (ABN). CASE PRESENTATION: A 19-year-old Mexican, with no past health problems, presented with a two-day history of left shoulder, arm, and chest pain. He arrived in Louisiana from Mexico five days prior to admission...
2012: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
P McNamara, B M Kiely, S Zekan, J Redmond, F Mulcahy
We present the case of a 48-year-old HIV-positive man, who developed acute onset of pain in both upper limbs associated with proximal weakness and distal paraesthesia. Eight weeks prior to this presentation he had had varicella zoster affecting his right S1 dermatome. CD4 count was 355 cells/mm(3) and he was antiretroviral therapy (ART) naive. Power was 0/5 proximally and 4/5 distally in the upper limbs. Reflexes were absent and there was sensory loss in the C5, C6 and T1 dermatomes. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination showed a lymphocytosis with low glucose; however, CSF Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB), and herpes simplex virus polymerase chain reaction (HSV PCR) were negative as was syphilis serology...
February 2012: International Journal of STD & AIDS
K A Finney, L David
We report an unusual case of bilateral brachial plexus neuritis occurring during the seroconversion stage of an HIV infection in a 45-year-old man. Brachial plexus neuritis is thought to be an immune mediated inflammatory reaction resulting in acute onset of shoulder pain followed by muscle weakness and wasting. There is often a history of viral illness, diagnosis is clinical, and treatment is supportive. Many sufferers are left with residual defects. Clinicians should consider the possibility of HIV infection when managing a patient with brachial plexus neuritis...
February 2012: International Journal of STD & AIDS
F Ginanneschi, A Malandrini, L Monti, A Rossi
Parsonage-Turner syndrome (PTS) is a relatively rare cause of upper extremity weakness and pain. There is currently no effective treatment for PTS although corticosteroids are recommended. Here we report the case of a man with acute PTS and exceptional involvement of both saphenous nerves, advantageously treated with intravenous immunoglobulin.
December 2011: Acta Neurologica Belgica
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