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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137077/quality-of-life-and-complications-at-the-different-stages-of-bone-transport-for-treatment-infected-nonunion-of-the-tibia
#1
Hu Wang, Xing Wei, Ping Liu, Ya-Hui Fu, Peng-Fei Wang, Yu-Xuan Cong, Bin-Fei Zhang, Zhong Li, Jin-Lai Lei, Kun Zhang, Yan Zhuang
The aim of this study was to assess Physical Component Summary (PCS), Mental Component Summary (MCS) of the Mos 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) score, and the virtual Analogue Scale (VAS) of pain during the treatment period and the complication rate associated with infected nonunion of the tibia managed surgically by bone transport.This is a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data in a consecutive patient cohort. Patients suffering from infected nonunion of the tibia were treated by bone transport from 2012 to 2014...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130046/a-comparison-of-the-device-related-complications-of-intramedullary-lengthening-nails-using-a-new-classification-system
#2
Dong Hoon Lee, Sungmin Kim, Jung Woo Lee, Hoon Park, Tae Yoon Kim, Hyun Woo Kim
The purpose of this study was to understand the pros and cons of the lengthening nails which have their own mechanical mechanism; we propose a classification for "device-related complications" arising from mechanical properties of the nail itself. From March 2010 to March 2014, 115 segments of lower limb lengthening were performed using intramedullary lengthening nails (35 ISKD, 34 PRECICE1, and 46 PRECICE2). Device-related complications were sorted into three categories according to a new classification: distraction control-related (type I), stability related (type II), and other device-related (type III); these were subdivided using Paley's concept of problems (a), obstacles (b), and sequel (c)...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059334/the-metacyc-database-of-metabolic-pathways-and-enzymes
#3
Ron Caspi, Richard Billington, Carol A Fulcher, Ingrid M Keseler, Anamika Kothari, Markus Krummenacker, Mario Latendresse, Peter E Midford, Quang Ong, Wai Kit Ong, Suzanne Paley, Pallavi Subhraveti, Peter D Karp
MetaCyc (https://MetaCyc.org) is a comprehensive reference database of metabolic pathways and enzymes from all domains of life. It contains more than 2570 pathways derived from >54 000 publications, making it the largest curated collection of metabolic pathways. The data in MetaCyc is strictly evidence-based and richly curated, resulting in an encyclopedic reference tool for metabolism. MetaCyc is also used as a knowledge base for generating thousands of organism-specific Pathway/Genome Databases (PGDBs), which are available in the BioCyc (https://BioCyc...
October 20, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055046/an-assessment-of-depression-psychosocial-factors-and-resilience-among-women-seeking-prenatal-care-at-an-urban-community-health-center
#4
Katherine M Johnson, Frances M Paley, Anna M Modest, Michele R Hacker, Sabine Shaughnessy, Hope A Ricciotti, Jennifer Scott
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between resilience and mental health and psychosocial characteristics in the prenatal period. METHODS: A prospective cohort pilot study was conducted among English-speaking women aged 18 years or older with singleton pregnancies of at least 20 weeks' duration who received prenatal care at an urban community health center in the USA between March and October 2014. Surveys were administered and a retrospective chart review was conducted...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040755/the-omics-dashboard-for-interactive-exploration-of-gene-expression-data
#5
Suzanne Paley, Karen Parker, Aaron Spaulding, Jean-Francois Tomb, Paul O'Maille, Peter D Karp
The Omics Dashboard is a software tool for interactive exploration and analysis of gene-expression datasets. The Omics Dashboard is organized as a hierarchy of cellular systems. At the highest level of the hierarchy the Dashboard contains graphical panels depicting systems such as biosynthesis, energy metabolism, regulation and central dogma. Each of those panels contains a series of X-Y plots depicting expression levels of subsystems of that panel, e.g. subsystems within the central dogma panel include transcription, translation and protein maturation and folding...
October 13, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027400/surgical-and-oncologic-outcomes-after-robotic-radical-hysterectomy-as-compared-to-open-radical-hysterectomy-in-the-treatment-of-early-cervical-cancer
#6
Chirag A Shah, Tiffany Beck, John B Liao, Nadia V Giannakopoulos, Dan Veljovich, Pam Paley
OBJECTIVE: The use of robotic radical hysterectomy has greatly increased in the treatment of early stage cervical cancer. We sought to compare surgical and oncologic outcomes of women undergoing robotic radical hysterectomy compared to open radical hysterectomy. METHODS: The clinic-pathologic, treatment, and recurrence data were abstracted through an Institutional Review Board-approved protocol at 2 separate large tertiary care centers in Seattle, Swedish Medical Center and the University of Washington...
November 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990665/transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-tens-for-fibromyalgia-in-adults
#7
REVIEW
Mark I Johnson, Leica S Claydon, G Peter Herbison, Gareth Jones, Carole A Paley
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is characterised by persistent, widespread pain; sleep problems; and fatigue. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is the delivery of pulsed electrical currents across the intact surface of the skin to stimulate peripheral nerves and is used extensively to manage painful conditions. TENS is inexpensive, safe, and can be self-administered. TENS reduces pain during movement in some people so it may be a useful adjunct to assist participation in exercise and activities of daily living...
October 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979947/two-dimensional-nanosheets-from-redox-active-superatoms
#8
Anouck M Champsaur, Jaeeun Yu, Xavier Roy, Daniel W Paley, Michael L Steigerwald, Colin Nuckolls, Christopher M Bejger
We describe a new approach to synthesize two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets from the bottom-up. We functionalize redox-active superatoms with groups that can direct their assembly into multidimensional solids. We synthesized Co6Se8[PEt2(4-C6H4COOH)]6 and found that it forms a crystalline assembly. The solid-state structure is a three-dimensional (3D) network in which the carboxylic acids form intercluster hydrogen bonds. We modify the self-assembly by replacing the reversible hydrogen bonds that hold the superatoms together with zinc carboxylate bonds via the solvothermal reaction of Co6Se8[PEt2(4-C6H4COOH)]6 with Zn(NO3)2...
September 27, 2017: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941525/pediatric-pseudotumor-cerebri-syndrome-diagnosis-classification-and-underlying-pathophysiology
#9
Claire A Sheldon, Grace L Paley, Shannon J Beres, Shana E McCormack, Grant T Liu
Pseudotumor cerebri syndrome (PTCS) is defined by the presence of elevated intracranial pressure in the setting of normal brain parenchyma and cerebrospinal fluid. PTCS can occur in the pediatric and adult populations and, if untreated, may lead to permanent visual loss. In this review, discussion will focus on PTCS in the pediatric population and will outline its distinct epidemiology and key elements of diagnosis, evaluation and management. Finally, although the precise mechanisms are unclear, the underlying pathophysiology will be considered...
May 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936907/acupuncture-for-the-management-of-cancer-related-pain
#10
Carole A Paley, Mark I Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935502/outcomes-of-nonagenarians-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-treated-with-intravenous-thrombolytics
#11
Réza Behrouz, Jaime Masjuán-Vallejo, Rocío Vera, Joshua Z Willey, Mickael Zedet, Solène Moulin, Charlotte Cordonnier, Catharina J M Klijn, Karin Kanselaar, Maaike Dirks, Brian Silver, Muhib Khan, Mahmoud R Azarpazhooh, Daniel A Godoy, Christine Roffe, Lizz Paley, Benjamin D Bray, Craig J Smith, Mario Di Napoli
BACKGROUND: Nonagenarians are under-represented in thrombolytic trials for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The effectiveness of intravenous thrombolytics in nonagenarians in terms of safety and outcome is not well established. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a multinational registry to identify patients aged 90 years or older with good baseline functional status who presented with AIS. Differences in outcomes-disability level at 90 days, frequency of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH), and mortality-between patients who did and did not receive thrombolytics were assessed using multivariable logistic regression, adjusted for prespecified prognostic factors...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923698/trends-of-inguinal-hernia-repairs-performed-for-recurrence-in-the-united-states
#12
Brittany L Murphy, Daniel S Ubl, Jianying Zhang, Elizabeth B Habermann, David R Farley, Keith Paley
BACKGROUND: One of the main complications of inguinal hernia repair continues to be recurrence. Commonly cited prior reports from relatively small studies estimate this rate to be 1% to 5% in the United States. Although some reports have found higher recurrence rates, they get little attention on the national stage or in other large studies. We sought to determine the trend of inguinal hernia repairs performed for recurrence over time using large national databases. METHODS: We identified patients aged ≥18 years who underwent inguinal hernia repair from three sources: the Premier database (January 2010 to September 2015), the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database (January 2005 to December 2014), and the Mayo Clinic institutions (January 2005 to December 2014)...
September 15, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878691/spontaneous-preterm-birth-is-associated-with-differential-expression-of-vaginal-metabolites-by-lactobacilli-dominated-microflora
#13
Graham P Stafford, Jennifer L Parker, Emmanuel Amabebe, James Kistler, Steven Reynolds, Victoria Stern, Martyn Paley, Dilly O C Anumba
A major challenge in preventing preterm birth (PTB) is identifying women at greatest risk. This pilot study prospectively examined the differences in vaginal microbiota and metabolite profiles of women who delivered prematurely compared to their term counterparts in a cohort of asymptomatic (studied at 20-22, n = 80; and 26-28 weeks, n = 41) and symptomatic women (studied at 24-36 weeks, n = 37). Using 16S rRNA sequencing, the vaginal microbiota from cervicovaginal fluid samples was characterized into five Community State Types (CST) dominated by Lactobacillus spp...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846406/ball-and-socket-assembly-of-binary-superatomic-solids-containing-trinuclear-nickel-cluster-cations-and-fulleride-anions
#14
Jessica L Shott, Matthew B Freeman, Nemah-Allah Saleh, Daniel S Jones, Daniel W Paley, Christopher Bejger
The superlattice structures of hierarchical cluster solids are dictated by short-range interactions between constituent building blocks. Here we show that shape complementary sites, as well as halogen and chalcogen bonding between exposed capping ligands and fullerides, govern the packing arrangement of the resulting binary solids. Four new superatomic solids, [Ni3(μ3-I)2(μ2-dppm)3(+)](C60(•-)) (1·C60), [Ni3(μ3-I)2(μ2-dppm)3(+)](C70(-))2 (1·C70), [Ni3(μ3-Te)2(μ2-dppm)3(+)](C60(•-)) (2·C60), and [Ni3(μ3-Te)2(μ2-dppm)3](C70(-))2 (2·C70), (dppm = Ph2PCH2PPh2) were prepared and crystallized from solution...
August 28, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845533/scalable-dip-and-dry-fabrication-of-a-wide-angle-plasmonic-selective-absorber-for-high-efficiency-solar-thermal-energy-conversion
#15
Jyotirmoy Mandal, Derek Wang, Adam C Overvig, Norman N Shi, Daniel Paley, Amirali Zangiabadi, Qian Cheng, Katayun Barmak, Nanfang Yu, Yuan Yang
A galvanic-displacement-reaction-based, room-temperature "dip-and-dry" technique is demonstrated for fabricating selectively solar-absorbing plasmonic-nanoparticle-coated foils (PNFs). The technique, which allows for facile tuning of the PNFs' spectral reflectance to suit different radiative and thermal environments, yields PNFs which exhibit excellent, wide-angle solar absorptance (0.96 at 15°, to 0.97 at 35°, to 0.79 at 80°), and low hemispherical thermal emittance (0.10) without the aid of antireflection coatings...
August 28, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829133/weaving-nanoscale-cloth-through-electrostatic-templating
#16
Anouck M Champsaur, Cécile Mézière, Magali Allain, Daniel W Paley, Michael L Steigerwald, Colin Nuckolls, Patrick Batail
Here we disclose a simple route to nanoscopic 2D woven structures reminiscent of the methods used to produce macroscopic textiles. We find that the same principles used in macroscopic weaving can be applied on the nanoscale to create two-dimensional molecular cloth from polymeric strands, a molecular thread. The molecular thread is composed of Co6Se8(PEt3)4L2 superatoms that are bridged with L = benzene bis-1,4-isonitrile to form polymer strands. As the superatoms that make up the polymer chain are electrochemically oxidized, they are electrostatically templated by a nanoscale anion, the tetragonal Lindqvist polyoxometalate Mo6O19(2-)...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806090/phonon-speed-not-scattering-differentiates-thermal-transport-in-lead-halide-perovskites
#17
Giselle A Elbaz, Wee-Liat Ong, Evan A Doud, Philip Kim, Daniel W Paley, Xavier Roy, Jonathan A Malen
Thermal management plays a critical role in the design of solid state materials for energy conversion. Lead halide perovskites have emerged as promising candidates for photovoltaic, thermoelectric, and optoelectronic applications, but their thermal properties are still poorly understood. Here, we report on the thermal conductivity, elastic modulus, and sound speed of a series of lead halide perovskites MAPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, I), CsPbBr3, and FAPbBr3 (MA = methylammonium, FA = formamidinium). Using frequency domain thermoreflectance, we find that the room temperature thermal conductivities of single crystal lead halide perovskites range from 0...
September 13, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805817/room-temperature-current-blockade-in-atomically-defined-single-cluster-junctions
#18
Giacomo Lovat, Bonnie Choi, Daniel W Paley, Michael L Steigerwald, Latha Venkataraman, Xavier Roy
Fabricating nanoscopic devices capable of manipulating and processing single units of charge is an essential step towards creating functional devices where quantum effects dominate transport characteristics. The archetypal single-electron transistor comprises a small conducting or semiconducting island separated from two metallic reservoirs by insulating barriers. By enabling the transfer of a well-defined number of charge carriers between the island and the reservoirs, such a device may enable discrete single-electron operations...
November 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799752/tuning-singlet-fission-in-%C3%AF-bridge-%C3%AF-chromophores
#19
Elango Kumarasamy, Samuel N Sanders, Murad J Y Tayebjee, Amir Asadpoordarvish, Timothy J H Hele, Eric G Fuemmeler, Andrew B Pun, Lauren M Yablon, Jonathan Z Low, Daniel W Paley, Jacob C Dean, Bonnie Choi, Gregory D Scholes, Michael L Steigerwald, Nandini Ananth, Dane R McCamey, Matthew Y Sfeir, Luis M Campos
We have designed a series of pentacene dimers separated by homoconjugated or nonconjugated bridges that exhibit fast and efficient intramolecular singlet exciton fission (iSF). These materials are distinctive among reported iSF compounds because they exist in the unexplored regime of close spatial proximity but weak electronic coupling between the singlet exciton and triplet pair states. Using transient absorption spectroscopy to investigate photophysics in these molecules, we find that homoconjugated dimers display desirable excited-state dynamics, with significantly reduced recombination rates as compared to conjugated dimers with similar singlet fission rates...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799199/refining-moral-agency-insights-from-moral-psychology-and-moral-philosophy
#20
Aimee Milliken
Research in moral psychology has recently raised questions about the impact of context and the environment on the way the human mind works. In a 2012 call to action, Paley wrote: "If some of the conclusions arrived at by moral psychologists are true, they are directly relevant to the way nurses think about moral problems, and present serious challenges to favoured concepts in nursing ethics, such as the ethics of care, virtue, and the unity of the person" (p. 80). He urges nurse ethicists and scholars to evaluate the impact these findings may have for moral theory...
August 11, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
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