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Antibiofilm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110033/purification-characterization-and-functional-analysis-of-the-immune-molecule-lectin-from-the-haemolymph-of-blue-swimmer-crab-portunus-pelagicus-and-their-antibiofilm-properties
#1
Sangily Jayanthi, Ramachandran Ishwarya, Mahalingam Anjugam, Arokiadhas Iswarya, Sivashanmugam Karthikeyan, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan
The present study reveals purification and characterization of immune molecule lectin from the haemolymph of blue swimmer crab Portunus pelagicus (Pp-Lec). The Pp-Lec was purified by affinity chromatography with mannose coupled sepharose CL-4B column and it exhibits single band with a molecular weight of 155 kDa in SDS-PAGE. The surface morphology of purified Pp-Lec displays the homogeneous nature of protein. A distinct peak with a retention time of 3.3 min was appeared in high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis expresses a single peak at 31...
January 18, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099040/effect-of-bacoside-a-on-growth-and-biofilm-formation-by-staphylococcus-aureus-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#2
Debaprasad Parai, Ekramul Islam, Jayati Mitra, Samir Kumar Mukherjee
The goal of this study was to evaluate the antibiofilm and antimicrobial activities of Bacoside A, a formulation of phytochemicals from Bacopa monnieri, against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which are known to form biofilms as one of their virulence traits. The antimicrobial effects of Bacoside A were tested using the minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration assays. A cell membrane disruption assay was performed to find its possible target site. MTT assay, crystal violet assay, and microscopic studies were performed to assess the antibiofilm activity...
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089949/melaleuca-alternifolia-nanoparticles-against-candida-species-biofilms
#3
M E Souza, L Q S Lopes, P C Bonez, A Gündel, D S T Martinez, M R Sagrillo, J L Giongo, R A Vaucher, R P Raffin, A A Boligon, R C V Santos
Candida infection is an important cause of morbidity and mortality on immunosuppressed patients. This growing trend has been associated with resistance to the antimicrobial therapy and the ability of microorganism to form biofilms. TTO oil is used as antimicrobial which shows antibiofilm activity against Candida species. However, it presents problems due to its poor solubility and high volatility. The present study aimed to evaluate in vitro antibiofilm activity of TTO nanoparticles against many Candida species...
January 13, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087493/antioxidant-and-antiproliferative-potential-of-biosurfactants-isolated-from-lactobacillus-casei-and-their-anti-biofilm-effect-in-oral-staphylococcus-aureus-strains
#4
Abderrahmen Merghni, Ines Dallel, Emira Noumi, Yassine Kadmi, Hajer Hentati, Samir Tobji, Adel Ben Amor, Maha Mastouri
Biosurfactants also called bioemulsifiers are amphipathic compounds produced by many microorganisms that allow them to exhibit a wide range of biological activities. The aim of this study was to determine the antioxidant and antiproliferative potential of biosurfactants isolated from Lactobacillus casei and to assess their anti-adhesive and anti-biofilm abilities against oral opportunistic Staphylococcus aureus strains. The antioxidant activity of biosurfactant was evaluated using the in vitro scavenging ability on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical...
January 11, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065749/characterization-of-haloalkalophilic-organic-solvent-tolerant-protease-for-chitin-extraction-from-shrimp-shell-waste
#5
Thirumalai Maruthiah, Arunachalam Palavesam
Halophilic organic solvent tolerant protease (HOSP) producing Paracoccus saliphilus APCMST-CS5 was isolated from the marine sediment samples and identified through 16S rRNA sequence analysis. P. saliphilus APCMST-CS5 registered maximum HOSP production of 1,321.70U/ml in the medium contained the most significant parameters such as shrimp shell powder (SSP), CaCl2, NaCl, and sardinella powder (SP), obtained through Placket-Burman and Response Surface Methods. HOSP was further purified to 22.68 fold purity with 29...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065676/rhamnolipids-from-non-pathogenic-burkholderia-thailandensis-e264-physicochemical-characterization-antimicrobial-and-antibiofilm-efficacy-against-oral-hygiene-related-pathogens
#6
Mohamed Elshikh, Scott Funston, Alif Chebbi, Syed Ahmed, Roger Marchant, Ibrahim M Banat
Biosurfactants are naturally occurring surface active compounds that have mainly been exploited for environmental applications and consumer products, with their biomedical efficacy an emerging area of research. Rhamnolipids area major group of biosurfactants that have been reported for their antimicrobial and antibiofilm efficacy. One of the main limiting factors for scaled up production and downstream applications of rhamnolipids is the fact that they are predominantly produced from the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
January 5, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056746/innovative-approaches-for-controlling-clinically-relevant-biofilms-current-trends-and-future-prospects
#7
Kristina Ivanova, Eva Ramon, Javier Hoyo, Tzanko Tzanov
Bacteria that colonize and form biofilms on living tissues and medical devices are a global healthcare concern. They cause life threatening infections and are associated with increased mortality and morbidity in the hospitals. Although antibiotics have been successfully applied for treatment of bacterial diseases, the adaptive and genetic changes of the microorganisms within the biofilms make them inherently resistant to all known antibacterial agents. Therefore, novel antimicrobial strategies that do not exert selective pressure on bacterial population and minimize the risk of resistance occurrence have been sought to prevent and treat biofilm related infections...
January 5, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056744/nucleotide-second-messenger-signaling-as-a-target-for-the-control-of-bacterial-biofilm-formation
#8
Alberto J Martín-Rodríguez, Ute Römling
Bacterial biofilm formation and associated phenotypes are the major cause of chronic infection in humans. The major regulator of biofilm formation in Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria are nucleotide-based second messenger signaling pathways. Nucleotide-based signaling is a ubiquitous signal transduction mechanism in all domains of life that relay changes in the extracellular or intracellular milieu to protein or RNA effectors, leading to adaptive physiological responses. To date, six bona fide nucleotide signaling pathways, (p)ppGpp, cAMP, cGMP, c-di-AMP, c-di-GMP and cGAMP, have been characterized with respect to basic pathway modules and phenotypic and physiological output...
January 5, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053782/dexamethasone-abrogates-the-antimicrobial-and-antibiofilm-activities-of-different-drugs-against-clinical-isolates-of-staphylococcus-aureus-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#9
Aquila Rodrigues, André Gomes, Pedro Henrique Ferreira Marçal, Marcus Vinícius Dias-Souza
Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are part of the human microbiota and are also important bacterial pathogens, for which therapeutic options are lacking nowadays. The combined administration of corticosteroids and antimicrobials is commonly used in the treatment of infectious diseases to control inflammatory processes and to minimize potential toxicity of antimicrobials, avoiding sequelae. Although different pharmaceutical dosage forms of antimicrobials combined to corticosteroids are available, studies on the interference of corticosteroids on the pharmacological activity of antimicrobials are scarce and controversial...
January 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051303/tackling-fungal-resistance-by-biofilm-inhibitors
#10
Shanchao Wu, Yan Wang, Na Liu, Guoqiang Dong, Chunquan Sheng
The high incidence and mortality of invasive fungal infections and serious drug resistance have become a global public health issue. The ability of fungal cells to form biofilms is an important reason for the emergence of severe resistance to most clinically available antifungal agents. Targeting fungal biofilm formation by small molecules represents a promising new strategy for the development of novel antifungal agents. This perspective will provide a comprehensive review of fungal biofilm inhibitors. In particular, discovery strategies, chemical structures, antibiofilm/antifungal activities and structure-activity relationship studies will be discussed...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049050/montmorillonite-chitosan-chlorhexidine-composite-films-with-antibiofilm-activity-and-improved-cytotoxicity-for-wound-dressing
#11
Valeria Ambrogi, Donatella Pietrella, Morena Nocchetti, Serena Casagrande, Veronica Moretti, Stefania De Marco, Maurizio Ricci
HYPOTHESIS: Chlorhexidine (CLX) is a good antimicrobial agent, but its use in treatment of wounds is limited because of its cytotoxicity towards human fibroblasts. A delivery system, able to release CLX in a localized and prolonged manner, could guarantee antimicrobial activity with reduced cytotoxic. Thus in this work the preparation and characterization of chitosan/montmorillonite composite films containing CLX, able to offer a prolonged CLX release, is described. The antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities and cytotoxicity of films were investigated...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027944/antibiofilm-efficacy-of-green-synthesized-graphene-oxide-silver-nanocomposite-using-lagerstroemia-speciosa-floral-extract-a-comparative-study-on-inhibition-of-gram-positive-and-gram-negative-biofilms
#12
Shatavari Kulshrestha, Shariq Qayyum, Asad U Khan
Biofilm architecture provides bacteria with enhanced antibiotic resistance, thus raising the need to search for alternative therapies that can inhibit the bacterial colonization. In the present study, we synthesized graphene oxide-silver nanocomposite (GO-Ag) by non-toxic and eco-friendly route using a floral extract of Legistromia speciosa (L.) Pers. The gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of plant extract revealed the presence of compounds which can simultaneously act as reducing and capping agents...
December 24, 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013515/protocols-for-studying-inhibition-and-eradication-of-bacterial-biofilms-by-antimicrobial-peptides
#13
Vijayalekshmi Sarojini
Many pathogenic microorganisms have the ability to form biofilms that are impervious to conventional antibiotics making these pathogens resistant to multiple antibiotics. This necessitates the development of novel antimicrobial compounds with less chance of resistance development and the ability to penetrate the extracellular polymer matrix of bacterial biofilms. In this report, simple assays to test the antibiofilm potential of antimicrobial peptides are described.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992189/cationic-amphiphilic-polymers-with-antimicrobial-activity-for-oral-care-applications-eradication-of-s-mutans-biofilm
#14
Haruko Takahashi, Enrico T Nadres, Kenichi Kuroda
The antibacterial and antibiofilm activities of cationic amphiphilic methacrylate polymers against cariogenic bacterium S. mutans were investigated. Cationic homopolymer PE0 and copolymer PE31 containing 31 mol % of ethyl methacrylate were synthesized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization. These polymers displayed bactericidal activity toward S. mutans and prevented biofilm formation by killing the planktonic bacteria. At a concentration of 1000 μg/mL when incubated for 2 h the polymers reduced >80% of biofilm biomass...
January 9, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990437/enhanced-performance-and-mode-of-action-of-a-novel-antibiofilm-hydrofiber%C3%A2-wound-dressing
#15
David Parsons, Kate Meredith, Victoria J Rowlands, Darryl Short, Daniel G Metcalf, Philip G Bowler
Biofilm development in wounds is now acknowledged to be a precursor to infection and a cause of delayed healing. A next-generation antibiofilm carboxymethylcellulose silver-containing wound dressing (NGAD) has been developed to disrupt and kill biofilm microorganisms. This in vitro study aimed to compare its effectiveness against various existing wound dressings and examine its mode of action. A number of biofilm models of increasing complexity were used to culture biofilms of wound-relevant pathogens, before exposure to test dressings...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989720/prevention-of-propionibacterium-acnes-biofilm-formation-in-prosthetic-infections-in-vitro
#16
Robert P Howlin, Christopher Winnard, Elizabeth M Angus, Connor J Frapwell, Jeremy S Webb, John J Cooper, Sean S Aiken, Julie Y Bishop, Paul Stoodley
BACKGROUND: The role of Propionibacterium acnes in shoulder arthroplasty and broadly in orthopedic prosthetic infections has historically been underestimated, with biofilm formation identified as a key virulence factor attributed to invasive isolates. With an often indolent clinical course, P acnes infection can be difficult to detect and treat. This study investigates absorbable cements loaded with a broad-spectrum antibiotic combination as an effective preventive strategy to combat P acnes biofilms...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983597/antibiofilm-activity-of-plant-polyphenols
#17
REVIEW
Lívia Slobodníková, Silvia Fialová, Katarína Rendeková, Ján Kováč, Pavel Mučaji
In the history of human medicine, antibiotics represent epochal examples of medical progress. However, with an approaching antibiotic crisis due to the emergence and extensive spread of antimicrobial resistance among bacterial agents, as well as to increasing number of patients with chronic and recalcitrant bacterial biofilm-associated infections, the naturally occurring molecules may become new sources of antibacterial and antibiofilm drugs for clinical usage. Polyphenols represent a class of plant natural products which are important in plant defense against microbial pathogens...
December 13, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982574/an-environmentally-benign-antimicrobial-coating-based-on-a-protein-supramolecular-assembly
#18
Jin Gu, Yajuan Su, Peng Liu, Peng Li, Peng Yang
The use of antimicrobial materials, for example, silver nanoparticles, has been a cause for concern because they often exert an adverse effect on environmental and safety during their preparation and use. In this study, we report a class of green antimicrobial coating based on a supramolecular assembly of a protein extracted from daily food, without the addition of any other hazardous agents. It is found that a self-assembled nanofilm by mere hen egg white lysozyme has durable in vitro and in vivo broad-spectrum antimicrobial efficacy against Gram-positive/negative and fungi...
December 23, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974734/anti-biofilm-and-anti-%C3%AE-lactamase-activities-of-burdock-root-extract-and-chlorogeneic-acid-against-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#19
Satish Kumar Rajasekharan, Samiraj Ramesh, Ann Susan Satish, Jintae Lee
Small phytochemicals have been successfully adopted as antibacterial chemotherapies and are being increasingly viewed as potential antibiofilm agents. Some of these molecules are known to repress biofilm and toxin production by certain bacterial and yeast pathogens, but information is lacking with regard to the genes allied with biofilm formation. The present study was performed to investigate the inhibitory effect of burdock root extract (BRE) and of chlorogenic acid (CGA; a component of BRE) on clinical isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939826/in%C3%A2-vitro-efficacy-of-xp-endo-finisher-with-2-different-protocols-on-biofilm-removal-from-apical-root-canals
#20
Pingping Bao, Ya Shen, James Lin, Markus Haapasalo
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the XP-endo Finisher (XPF; FKG Dentaire SA, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland) in biofilm removal in comparison with conventional needle irrigation (CNI) and passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) using an infected tooth model with an artificial apical groove. METHODS: Fifty-four extracted human single-rooted premolars were selected. Each tooth was split longitudinally into 2 halves, with a groove made in the apical segment of the canal wall...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
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