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F Fabbian, A De Giorgi, R Tiseo, R Cappadona, B Zucchi, M Rubbini, F Signani, A Storari, R De Giorgio, G La Manna, R Manfredini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the relationship between cancer, non-immunologic comorbidity, estimated by International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codification, gender and in-hospital mortality (IHM) in a large sample of renal transplant recipients (RTRs) living in the region Emilia-Romagna (RER) of Italy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated IHM in RTRs admitted between 2000 and 2013 recorded in the RER database...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Zhen Wang, Yuan Zhuang, Jun Yang, Hengfeng Zhang, Wei Dong, Min Wang, Luchi Hua, Bo Liu, Longxing Shi
Conventional GPS acquisition methods, such as Max selection and threshold crossing (MAX/TC), estimate GPS code/Doppler by its correlation peak. Different from MAX/TC, a multi-layer binarized convolution neural network (BCNN) is proposed to recognize the GPS acquisition correlation envelope in this article. The proposed method is a double dwell acquisition in which a short integration is adopted in the first dwell and a long integration is applied in the second one. To reduce the search space for parameters, BCNN detects the possible envelope which contains the auto-correlation peak in the first dwell to compress the initial search space to 1/1023...
May 9, 2018: Sensors
Claire Learmonth, Rebekah Viloria, Cei Lambert, Hilary Goldhammer, Alex Keuroghlian
Transgender people report discrimination in access to health care that is associated with numerous poor health outcomes, including higher prevalence of HIV infection, substance use disorders, and suicide attempts. The field of obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) is uniquely positioned to meet a wide range of health care needs for transgender people, and OGBYN clinicians can and ought to provide gender-affirming care for these patients. Despite growing evidence that gender-affirming care is both necessary and cost-effective, transgender patients continue to face barriers to securing insurance coverage, which prevents clinicians from practicing standards of care...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Hironao Okubo, Hitoshi Ando, Yushi Sorin, Eisuke Nakadera, Hiroo Fukada, Junichi Morishige, Akihisa Miyazaki, Kenichi Ikejima
BACKGROUND: Paritaprevir inhibits organic anion-transporting polypeptide (OATP)1B1 and OATP1B3, which transport bilirubin. Hyperbilirubinemia is an adverse event reported during hepatitis C treatment. Gadoxetic acid is also transported by OATP1B1/1B3. We evaluated whether the enhancement effect in gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging could predict the plasma concentration of paritaprevir and might anticipate the development of hyperbilirubinemia. METHODS: This prospective study evaluated 27 patients with hepatitis C who underwent gadoxetic acid-enhanced MR imaging prior to treatment with ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir...
2018: PloS One
Kumar Sandrasegaran, Enming Cui, Reem Elkady, Pauley Gasparis, Gitasree Borthakur, Mark Tann, Suthat Liangpunsakul
OBJECTIVES: To determine the value of quantitative parameters of gadoxetate-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in predicting prognosis in patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: A cohort of 63 cirrhotic patients who had gadoxetate MRI and 2-year clinical follow-up was enrolled. Enhancement ratio (ER), contrast enhancement index (CEI) and contrast enhancement spleen index (CES) were calculated. The usefulness of these parameters and clinical scores, such as Child-Pugh score (CPS) and model for end stage liver disease (MELD), in predicting adverse outcomes, such as variceal bleeding (VB), hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and mortality at 2 years were evaluated...
April 12, 2018: European Radiology
Tuan Anh Nguyen, Thang Pham, Huyen Thi Thanh Vu, Thanh Xuan Nguyen, Trinh Thi Vu, Binh Thi Thanh Nguyen, Ngoc Quynh Nguyen, Binh Thanh Nguyen, Binh Thanh Nguyen, Tam Ngoc Nguyen, Sinh Viet Phan, Anh Trung Nguyen, Tuan Le Pham, Ha Thu Dang, Lisa Kalisch-Ellett, Marianne Gillam, Nicole Pratt, Sun Qiang, Haipeng Wang, Tipaporn Kanjanarach, Mohamed Azmi Ahmad Hassali, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Asrenee Ab Razak, Dujrudee Chinwong, Elizabeth E Roughead
This study examined the use of potentially inappropriate medicines that may affect cognition (PIMcog) in people with dementia and its associated factors. Medical records of all outpatients with dementia attending a tertiary hospital in Vietnam between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2016, were examined. Medicine use was assessed against a list of PIMcog. Variables associated with having a PIMcog were assessed using a multiple logistic regression. Of the 128 patients, 41% used a PIMcog, 39.1% used cholinesterase inhibitors (CEIs) concomitantly with anticholinergics, and 18% used antipsychotics...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
Hanshuo Liu, Kristopher J Harris, Meng Jiang, Yan Wu, Gillian R Goward, Gianluigi A Botton
Lithium-rich layered oxides are promising cathode candidates because of their exceptional high capacity. The commercial application of these high-energy cathodes, however, is thwarted by the undesired rapid performance decay during cycling. Surface degradation has been widely considered to correlate with the performance decay of the cathodes, whereas, in this work, we demonstrate that the degradation of Li-rich high-energy Li1.2 Ni0.13 Mn0.54 Co0.13 O2 (HENMC) cathode material not only takes place at surfaces but also proceeds from its internal structure...
March 27, 2018: ACS Nano
Viktoria Palm, Ruofan Sheng, Philipp Mayer, Karl-Heinz Weiss, Christoph Springfeld, Arianeb Mehrabi, Thomas Longerich, Anne Katrin Berger, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Tim Frederik Weber
BACKGROUND: Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FLC) is a rare malignancy occurring in young patients without cirrhosis. Objectives of our study were to analyze contrast material uptake in hepatobiliary phase imaging (HBP) in gadoxetic acid-enhanced liver MRI in patients with FLC and to characterize imaging features in sequence techniques other than HBP. METHODS: In this retrospective study on histology-proven FLC, contrast material uptake in HBP was quantitatively assessed by calculating the corrected FLC enhancement index (CEI) using mean signal intensities of FLC and lumbar muscle on pre-contrast imaging and HBP, respectively...
March 1, 2018: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
Jing Zhao, Caihong Ma, Xiangui Zhao, Xiaoyu Wang
The existing index systems on sustainable evaluation are mostly based on a multi index comprehensive evaluation method. The main disadvantage of this approach is that the selection and assignment of evaluation indexes are greatly influenced by subjective factors, which can result in poor comparability of results. By contrast, the Footprint Family (including ecological footprint, carbon footprint, and water footprint) is not affected by subjective factors. The Footprint Family also covers the basic tenets of sustainable development...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Pavel Galindo-Torres, Alejandra García-Gasca, Raúl Llera-Herrera, Cristina Escobedo-Fregoso, Cei Abreu-Goodger, Ana M Ibarra
The lion-paw, Nodipecten subnodosus is one of three scallop species commercially exploited on the west coast of the Peninsula of Baja California. Because nothing is known about sex determination and sexual differentiation in hermaphrodite scallops, in the present work, a global transcriptomic analysis was performed in two early developmental stages, settling eyed-larvae and spat, as well as in three tissues (undifferentiated gonad, digestive gland, and adductor muscle). Over 27 million Illumina paired-end reads were obtained through the MiSeq platform...
February 2018: Marine Genomics
Nor Aishah Saidina Amin, Amin Talebian-Kiakalaieh
As the world's second largest palm oil producer and exporter, Malaysia could capitalize on its oil palm biomass waste for power generation. The emission factors from this renewable energy source are far lower than that of fossil fuels. This study applies an integrated carbon accounting and mitigation (INCAM) model to calculate the amount of CO2 emissions from two biomass thermal power plants. The CO2 emissions released from biomass plants utilizing empty fruit bunch (EFB) and palm oil mill effluent (POME), as alternative fuels for powering steam and gas turbines, were determined using the INCAM model...
March 2018: Waste Management
Nicola Mumoli, Josè Vitale, Matteo Giorgi-Pierfranceschi, Silvia Sabatini, Renato Tulino, Marco Cei, Eugenio Bucherini, Carlo Bova, Daniela Mastroiacovo, Alberto Camaiti, Gerardo Palmiero, Luca Puccetti, Francesco Dentali
BACKGROUND: Patients with suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of the lower limb represent a diagnostic dilemma for general practitioners. Compression ultrasonography (US) is universally recognized as the best test of choice. We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of compression US performed by general practitioners given short training in the management of symptomatic proximal DVT. METHODS: From May 2014 to May 2016, we evaluated in a multicenter, prospective cohort study all consecutive outpatients with suspected DVT; bilateral proximal lower limb compression US was performed by general practitioners and by physicians expert in vascular US, each group blinded to the other's findings...
November 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
Daniel Lepe-Soltero, Alma Armenta-Medina, Daoquan Xiang, Raju Datla, C Stewart Gillmor, Cei Abreu-Goodger
The genome annotation for the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana does not include the primary transcripts from which MIRNAs are processed. Here we present and analyze the raw mRNA sequencing data from wild type and serrate-1 globular stage embryos of A. thaliana , ecotype Columbia. Because SERRATE is required for pri-miRNA processing, these precursors accumulate in serrate-1 mutants, facilitating their detection using standard RNA-Seq protocols. We first use the mapping of the RNA-Seq reads to the reference genome to annotate the potential primary transcripts of MIRNAs expressed in the embryo...
December 2017: Data in Brief
Omar Galárraga, Sandra G Sosa-Rubí, Caroline Kuo, Pedro Gozalo, Andrea González, Biani Saavedra, Nathalie Gras-Allain, Carlos J Conde-Glez, Maria Olamendi-Portugal, Kenneth H Mayer, Don Operario
Randomized controlled pilot evaluated effect of conditional economic incentives (CEIs) on number of sex partners, condom use, and incident sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among male sex workers in Mexico City. Incentives were contingent on testing free of new curable STIs and/or clinic attendance. We assessed outcomes for n = 227 participants at 6 and 12 months (during active phase with incentives), and then at 18 months (with incentives removed). We used intention-to-treat and inverse probability weighting for the analysis...
December 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Tsung-Ren Peng, Lun-Tao Tong, Tsang-Sen Liu, Wen-Jun Zhan, Li-Wei Chiang, Wan-Chung Lu, Chi-Tsun Chen
This study is to develop an isotopic catchment-effect index (CEI) connecting the physiographic characteristics of stream catchments. A CEI, describing the extent of difference in stable water isotopic compositions (δ values) between stream water and local precipitation at any given sampling site, can help in judging whether water resource management should be focused on upstream regions of streams or local hydrology issues. To establish the isotopic CEI, this study measured δ values of stream water and derived δ18 O of local precipitation based on regional isotopic altitude gradient at montane catchments of various sizes...
January 2018: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
Wen-Pei Wu, Cheng-In Hoi, Ran-Chou Chen, Ching-Po Lin, Chen-Te Chou
The present study compared the efficacy of gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) in the estimation of hepatic fibrosis stages with histopathologic correlation.This retrospective study included 104 patients (87 men and 17 women; mean age, 60.6 ± 10.6 years) with chronic liver disease who underwent both Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI and MRE. The relative enhancement (RE) ratio of the liver parenchyma and the contrast enhancement index (CEI) were calculated as (SIpostliver - SIpreliver)/SIpreliver and SIpost/SIpre, respectively, where SIpost and SIpre were the liver-to-muscle signal intensity ratios on the hepatobiliary phase images and noncontrast-enhanced images, respectively...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jiajia Huang, Haodong Liu, Naixie Zhou, Ke An, Ying Shirley Meng, Jian Luo
Spontaneous and anisotropic surface segregation of W cations in LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 particles can alter the Wulff shape and improve surface stability, thereby significantly improving the electrochemical performance. An Auger electron nanoprobe was employed to identify the anisotropic surface segregation, whereby W cations prefer to segregate to {110} surface facets to decrease its relative surface energy according to Gibbs adsorption theory and subsequently increase its surface area according to Wulff theory. Consequently, the rate performance is improved (e...
October 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
F Graziani, A Palazzolo, S Gennai, D Karapetsa, M R Giuca, S Cei, N Filice, M Petrini, M Nisi
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of 4 different oral hygiene regimens involving adjunctive interdental cleaning devices in unsupervised young subjects with intact interdental papilla. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty periodontally healthy subjects were randomly allocated to 4 groups following different oral hygiene regimens (T-7): use of manual toothbrush alone; manual toothbrush plus dental floss; manual toothbrush plus interdental brushes; and manual toothbrush plus rubber interdental picks...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Tingting Qiu, Wenwu Ling, Jiawu Li, Qiang Lu, Changli Lu, Xiaomin Li, Cairong Zhu, Yan Luo
Focal fatty change (FFC) may mimic liver mass on conventional B-mode ultrasound. Clinical differentiation of mass-like FFC and liver mass is important due to different clinical interventions. Contrast-enhanced imaging (CEI) or biopsy is reliable for this differentiation, but is expensive and invasive. This study aimed to explore utilities of ultrasound elastography for this differentiation.This study enrolled 79 patients with focal liver lesions (FLLs), of which 26 were mass-like FFC confirmed by at least 2 CEI modalities...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Zhaoqiang Jiang, Tianhui Chen, Junqiang Chen, Shibo Ying, Zhibin Gao, Xianglei He, Chao Miao, Min Yu, Lingfang Feng, Hailing Xia, Wei Wu, Riping Chen, Kenji Morinaga, Jianlin Lou, Xing Zhang
While chrysotile has been commonly used by Chinese textile industry for many years, investigations on the association of chrysotile exposure with risk of mesothelioma in China are scarce. We conducted a case-control study in a county located at Southeastern China, including 46 cases and 230 individually matched controls. A semi-quantitative method based on experts' assessment was used for evaluating hand-spinning chrysotile exposure. Conditional logistic regression models were used to assess the association of asbestos exposure with risk of mesothelioma...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
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