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Palate surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632456/effect-of-carbon-dioxide-laser-on-increasing-vestibular-depth-in-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients
#1
Sogra Yassaei, Hossein Aghili, Alireza Navab Azam, Mahjobeh Gholdani Moghadam, Isa Safari
BACKGROUND: Shallow upper buccal sulcus deformity in cleft lip and palate patients is one of the common secondary deformities after primary cleft lip and palate repair; this deformity may prevent or complicate orthodontic and prosthodontic procedures causing aesthetic and functional problems. A number of methods are described to increase the anterior maxillary sulcus in these patients. PURPOSE: This study assessed the use of a carbon dioxide laser (CO2) to increase the sulcus depth...
June 20, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623555/goldenhar-syndrome-current-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Katarzyna Bogusiak, Aleksandra Puch, Piotr Arkuszewski
BACKGROUND: Progress in medical branches that has taken place since the first child with Goldenhare syndrome (GS) had been described in 1952 by Maurice Goldenhar, facilitated better understanding of this congenital defect. It also gave new perspectives and the opportunity to achieve satisfactory treatment results, mainly due to development of surgical techniques. DATA SOURCES: Based on the literature and own experience, we discussed the phenotype of presentation of GS, ethiopathogenesis, genetic counselling and treatment with particular emphasis on surgery correction of hemifacial microsomia...
June 15, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604150/breastfeeding-after-early-repair-of-cleft-lip-in-newborns-with-cleft-lip-or-cleft-lip-and-palate-in-a-baby-friendly-designated-hospital
#3
Iva Burianova, Katarina Kulihova, Veronika Vitkova, Jan Janota
BACKGROUND: Goals of treatment of orofacial cleft are to improve feeding, speech, hearing, and facial appearance. Early surgery brings faster healing, better cosmetic effect, and fewer complications. Breastfeeding rates after early surgery are unknown. Early repair of the cleft lip may influence breastfeeding rates. Research aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate breastfeeding after early repair of the cleft lip in a Baby-Friendly designated hospital. The rate of breastfeeding in newborns with cleft lip was compared to cleft lip and palate...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594978/association-of-gel-forming-mucins-and-aquaporin-gene-expression-with-hearing-loss-effusion-viscosity-and-inflammation-in-otitis-media-with-effusion
#4
Tina L Samuels, Justin C Yan, Pawjai Khampang, Peter W Dettmar, Alexander MacKinnon, Wenzhou Hong, Nikki Johnston, Blake C Papsin, Robert H Chun, Michael E McCormick, Joseph E Kerschner
Importance: Persistent, viscous middle ear effusion in pediatric otitis media (OM) contributes to increased likelihood of anesthesia and surgery, conductive hearing loss, and subsequent developmental delays. Biomarkers of effusion viscosity and hearing loss have not yet been identified despite the potential that such markers hold for targeted therapy and screening. Objective: To investigate the association of gel-forming mucins and aquaporin 5 (AQP5) gene expression with inflammation, effusion viscosity, and hearing loss in pediatric OM with effusion (OME)...
June 8, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592063/-effect-of-cisatracurium-on-entropy-index-of-children-undergoing-sevoflurane-anesthesia
#5
J Cao, X T Zhang, D W Hu, W J Zhu
Objective: To investigate the effect of cisatracurium on entropy index of children undergoing sevoflurane anesthesia. Methods: Forty-five child patients (ASAⅠ-Ⅱ) who underwent cleft lip and palate repair surgery in Beijing Stomatological Hospital were selected from June to November in 2015. They aged from 8 to 24 months and were randomly divided into 3 groups, as well as maintained at different end-tidal sevoflurane concentrations (C(ET)Sev), respectively. The C(ET)Sev in Group Ⅰ was 2.5%, with a total number of 15 cases...
May 30, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591242/3d-analysis-of-effects-of-primary-surgeries-in-cleft-lip-palate-children-during-the-first-two-years-of-life
#6
Karine Laskos Sakoda, Paula Karine Jorge, Cleide Felício Carvalho Carrara, Maria Aparecida de Andrade Moreira Machado, Fabrício Pinelli Valarelli, Arnaldo Pinzan, Thais Marchini Oliveira
This study aimed at monitoring the maxillary growth of children with cleft lip/palate in the first two years of life, and to evaluate the effects of primary surgeries on dental arch dimensions. The sample consisted of the three-dimensional digital models of 25 subjects with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and 29 subjects with isolated cleft palate (CP). Maxillary arch dimensions were measured at 3 months (before lip repair), 1 year (before palate repair), and at 2 years of age. Student's ttest was used for comparison between the groups...
June 5, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584677/microvascular-decompression-for-hypoglossal-nerve-palsy-secondary-to-vertebral-artery-compression-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#7
Yasuhiro Kuroi, Shigeru Tani, Hidenori Ohbuchi, Hidetoshi Kasuya
BACKGROUND: Neurovascular-compression syndrome (NCS) is described as a prominent pathological contact between cranial nerves and vessels. Trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, and glossopharyngeal neuralgia are typical clinical entities associated with NCS. On the other hand, the hyoglossal nerve is rarely affected by NCS. CASE DESCRIPTION: We present a case of hypoglossal nerve palsy (HNP) secondary to vertebral artery (VA) compression. A 47-year-old man presented to our hospital with a 1-month history of dysarthria and dysphagia...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582304/surgical-outcomes-for-speech-surgery-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-the-dilemma-of-persistent-velopharyngeal-insufficiency-after-pharyngeal-flap-operation
#8
Ryan D Wagner, Erik M Wolfswinkel, Edward P Buchanan, David Y Khechoyan
INTRODUCTION: The majority of patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome suffer from velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI). Patients with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22qDS) commonly present with a large central velopharyngeal gap in the setting of poor velar and pharyngeal wall motion. The posterior pharyngeal flap is considered the most effective technique to treat VPI in this complex patient group. This study aims to critically evaluate success rates of surgical management of VPI in 22qDS patients and discuss options for management of a failed posterior pharyngeal flap (PPF) with persistent VPI...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581686/tongue-palatal-contact-changes-in-patients-with-skeletal-mandibular-prognathism-after-ssro-an-electropalatography-study
#9
S Kojima, M Kaku, I Yamamoto, Y Yasuhara, H Sumi, T Yamamoto, Y Yashima, J Izumino, K Nakajima, Y Nagano, M Kono, A Yoshimura, M Ueasa, K Tanimoto
The purpose of this study was to investigate the changes in tongue-palatal contact patterns using electropalatography (EPG) before and after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) in patients with mandibular prognathism. Nine clients who underwent SSRO for mandibular setback and seven control subjects were participated in this study. Tongue-palatal contact patterns for /t/, /s/ and /k/ production were investigated using EPG before surgery and 3 months after surgery. The mean value of whole total of palate contact (WT) in the maximum contact frame was examined before and after SSRO...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576543/pycnodysostosis-at-otorhinolaryngology
#10
Tekin Baglam, Adem Binnetoglu, Muhammet Fatih Topuz, Nilay Baş Ikizoglu, Refika Ersu, Serap Turan, Murat Sarı
AIM: Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal, recessive, skeletal dysplasia caused by a mutation in the cathepsin k gene. Pycnodysostosis is characterized by short stature, characteristic facial appearance (delayed closure of fontanelles and cranial sutures, mandibular hypoplasia and angle disorder, blue sclera), and acroosteolysis of the distal phalanges. Our aim was to describe the otorhinolaryngologic findings, differential diagnoses, various treatment options, and followup in eight cases of pycnodysostosis...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571286/staged-hard-and-soft-tissue-reconstruction-followed-by-implant-supported-restoration-in-the-aesthetic-zone-a-case-report
#11
Harinath Parthasarathy, Lakshmi Ramachandran, Anupama Tadepalli, Deepa Ponnaiyan
Alveolar ridge deficiency is a common clinical consequence following tooth loss due to chronic periodontitis complicating ideal implant placement. Advanced hard and soft tissue augmentation procedures have been developed in the recent past with predictable clinical outcomes. A male patient presented with a Grade III mobile upper right central incisor associated with advanced bone loss and soft tissue deficit. Following extraction of tooth #11, socket augmentation was done using an autogenous cortico-cancellous block graft and subsequent soft tissue augmentation was done with palatal connective tissue graft...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570447/the-prevalence-of-congenital-heart-disease-in-nonsyndromic-cleft-lip-and-or-palate-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
Naikhoba C O Munabi, Jordan Swanson, Allyn Auslander, Pedro A Sanchez-Lara, Sally L Davidson Ward, William P Magee
BACKGROUND: Life-threatening anomalies, such as congenital heart disease (CHD) must be identified in patients with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) to minimize perioperative risk. Nevertheless, screening practices vary highly among cleft teams and programs, and little is known about the prevalence and clinical significance of CHD in nonsyndromic CL/P patients. Through a systematic literature review, this study examines the demographics and severity of CHD in the nonsyndromic CL/P population...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570399/canine-eruption-after-secondary-alveolar-bone-graft-in-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients
#13
Valentino Vellone, Giulio Cirignaco, Bruno Cavarretta, Piero Cascone
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to analyze dental abnormalities in unilateral cleft lip and palate patients by focusing on the role of the secondary alveolar bone graft (SABG) surgery and its outcomes on canine eruption/inclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of 24 patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate were selected.Dental anomalies, canine eruption based on the existence of supernumeraries, agenesis elements, inclination of the major canine axis before and after surgery, distance from the occlusal plane before and after surgery, and sector classification were analyzed...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566205/internationally-adopted-children-with-cleft-lip-and-or-palate-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
C L Werker, H de Wilde, A B Mink van der Molen, C C Breugem
OBJECTIVE: The treatment approach for internationally adopted children with cleft lip and/or palate differs from locally born children with cleft lip and/or palate. They are older at initial presentation, may have had treatment abroad of different quality, and are establishing new and still fragile relationships with their adoptive parents. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics and initial care and treatment of this group. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed including all internationally adopted children with cleft lip and/or palate presenting to the cleft team outpatient clinic in the Wilhelmina Children's Hospital between January 1994 and December 2014...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558458/-clinical-characteristics-in-children-with-cleft-palate-associated-with-middle-ear-cholesteatoma
#15
Y Yang, M Chen, J S Hao, W Liu, J Zhang
Objective: To summarize the characteristics of children diagnosed as cleft palate associated with middle ear cholesteatoma. Methods: There were five middle ear cholesteatoma cases who had previously received cleft palate repairment surgery. All of the patients were followed up for 17 to 47 months. Median follow-up time was 31 months. Results: There were three males and two females with three to eleven years old , and the average of age was seven years and ten months. The time of cleft palate repairment surgery was from six months to four years, and the average age was one year and nine months...
May 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558451/-treatment-of-glottic-cancer-involving-the-anterior-commissure-by-transoral-co-2-laser-surgery
#16
J J Li, J L Zhang, F Y He, S C Tang, Z F Zhu, W X Chen
Objective: To study the clinical outcome of transoral CO(2) laser surgery for glottic cancer involving the anterior commissure. Methods: Thirty-two cases of glottic cancer involving the anterior commissure treated by transoral CO(2) laser surgery between March 2009 and December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. Among these cases, 27 were T1bM0M0, 5 were T2N0M0. All cases were followed-up for more than 3 years. Results: All the 32 cases were successfully treated. Perioperative complications included injuries in the soft palate mucosa(13/32, 40...
May 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538588/reply-not-all-clefts-are-created-equal-patterns-of-hospital-based-care-use-among-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-within-4-years-of-initial-surgery
#17
Cassandra A Ligh, Jesse A Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538587/not-all-clefts-are-created-equal-patterns-of-hospital-based-care-use-among-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-within-4-years-of-initial-surgery
#18
Camille H A L Guillaume, Esmée van Drie, Corstiaan C Breugem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538580/what-s-new-in-cleft-palate-and-velopharyngeal-dysfunction-management
#19
Sanjay Naran, Matthew Ford, Joseph E Losee
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Have a clear understanding of the evolution of concepts of velopharyngeal dysfunction, especially as it relates to patients with a cleft palate. 2. Explain the subjective and objective evaluation of speech in children with velopharyngeal dysfunction. 3. On the basis of these diagnostic findings, be able to classify types of velopharyngeal dysfunction. 4. Develop a safe, evidence-based, patient-customized treatment plan for velopharyngeal dysfunction founded on objective considerations...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538061/clinical-experience-of-treatment-of-facial-malformations-in-oto-palato-digital-syndrome-a-familial-patient
#20
Tomoe Kira-Koizumi, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa, Tadashi Morishita, Shinsuke Akita, Yoshitaka Kubota, Kaneshige Satoh
Oto-palato-digital syndrome type 1 (OPD1) is an X-linked recessive disorder comprising characteristic facial appearances and skeletal alterations. The authors report OPD1 in a mother and her 2 sons who had multiple common congenital anomalies. Both of the brothers were born with mild hearing impairment, frontal bossing with prominent supraorbital ridges, downslanting palpebral fissures, dental malocclusion, and palatal clefts. They underwent a series of aesthetic surgeries for their facial malformations with good cosmetic results...
June 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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