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Oromaxillofacial surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441705/oral-complications-of-the-oromaxillofacial-area-radiotherapy
#1
Hakimeh Ahadian, Soghra Yassaei, Fathollah Bouzarjomehri, Mehrdad Ghaffari Targhi, Khatereh Kheirollahi
Background: The incidence of malignancies is on the rise in different communities, making them the second most important cause of mortality in developed countries. One of the treatment modalities for these malignancies, apart from surgery and chemotherapy, is radiotherapy which might in itself lead to some complications in the area receiving radiation. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of oral complications in patients undergoing radiotherapy of the oromaxillofacial area in Shahid Ramazanzadeh Radiotherapy Center in Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254733/bioengineered-temporomandibular-joint-disk-implants-study-protocol-for-a-two-phase-exploratory-randomized-preclinical-pilot-trial-in-18-black-merino-sheep-tempojims
#2
David Faustino Ângelo, Florencio Gil Monje, Raúl González-García, Christopher B Little, Lisete Mónico, Mário Pinho, Fábio Abade Santos, Belmira Carrapiço, Sandra Cavaco Gonçalves, Pedro Morouço, Nuno Alves, Carla Moura, Yadong Wang, Eric Jeffries, Jin Gao, Rita Sousa, Lia Lucas Neto, Daniel Caldeira, Francisco Salvado
BACKGROUND: Preclinical trials are essential to test efficacious options to substitute the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disk. The contemporary absence of an ideal treatment for patients with severe TMJ disorders can be related to difficulties concerning the appropriate study design to conduct preclinical trials in the TMJ field. These difficulties can be associated with the use of heterogeneous animal models, the use of the contralateral TMJ as control, the absence of rigorous randomized controlled preclinical trials with blinded outcomes assessors, and difficulties involving multidisciplinary teams...
March 2, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090512/surgical-applications-of-three-dimensional-printing-a-review-of-the-current-literature-how-to-get-started
#3
REVIEW
Don Hoang, David Perrault, Milan Stevanovic, Alidad Ghiassi
Three dimensional (3D) printing involves a number of additive manufacturing techniques that are used to build structures from the ground up. This technology has been adapted to a wide range of surgical applications at an impressive rate. It has been used to print patient-specific anatomic models, implants, prosthetics, external fixators, splints, surgical instrumentation, and surgical cutting guides. The profound utility of this technology in surgery explains the exponential growth. It is important to learn how 3D printing has been used in surgery and how to potentially apply this technology...
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931722/mandibular-stability-using-sliding-or-conventional-four-hole-plates-for-fixation-after-bilateral-sagittal-split-ramus-osteotomy-for-mandibular-setback
#4
H G Lee, K J Agpoon, A N Besana, H K Lim, H S Jang, E S Lee
Our aim was to compare the postoperative stability of the mandible when two different fixation methods had been used after bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO) for mandibular setback. The study included 23 patients who had two-jaw BSSRO mandibular setback at the Department of Oromaxillofacial Surgery, Korea University Guro Hospital, between January 2011 and June 2014. The first group (four-hole (control) group, n=13) comprised patients whose bony segments were fixed with conventional four-hole plates, and the second (sliding plate (experimental) group, n=10) included patients whose bone segments were fixed with sliding plates...
May 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847741/retiform-hemangioendothelioma-in-the-infratemporal-fossa-and-buccal-area-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Il-Kyu Kim, Hyun-Young Cho, Bum-Sang Jung, Sang-Pill Pae, Hyun-Woo Cho, Ji-Hoon Seo, Seung-Hoon Park
We report a case of retiform hemangioendothelioma (RH) located in the infratemporal fossa and buccal area in a 13-year-old Korean boy. The tumor originated from the sphenoid bone of the infratemporal fossa area and spread into the cavernous sinus, orbital apex, and retro-nasal area with bone destruction of the pterygoid process. Tumor resection was conducted via Le Fort I osteotomy and partial maxillectomy to approach the infratemporal fossa and retro-nasal area. The diagnosis of RH was confirmed after surgery...
October 2016: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450042/choosing-sheep-ovis-aries-as-animal-model-for-temporomandibular-joint-research-morphological-histological-and-biomechanical-characterization-of-the-joint-disc
#6
D F Angelo, P Morouço, N Alves, T Viana, F Santos, R González, F Monje, D Macias, B Carrapiço, R Sousa, S Cavaco-Gonçalves, F Salvado, C Peleteiro, M Pinho
Preclinical trials are essential to the development of scientific technologies. Remarkable molecular and cellular research has been done using small animal models. However, significant differences exist regarding the articular behavior between these models and humans. Thus, large animal models may be more appropriate to perform trials involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). The aim of this work was to make a morphological (anatomic dissection and white light 3D scanning system), histological (TMJ in bloc was removed for histologic analysis) and biomechanical characterization (tension and compression tests) of sheep TMJ comparing the obtained results with human data...
December 2016: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146295/location-of-the-infraorbital-foramen-with-reference-to-soft-tissue-landmarks
#7
Nurcan Ercikti, Nihal Apaydin, Yalcin Kirici
PURPOSE: The location of the infraorbital foramen and its variations are important during periorbital, dental, plastic, and oromaxillofacial surgeries. The aim of this study is to document the most practical anatomical soft tissue landmarks for defining the location of infraorbital foramen and infraorbital nerve for effective nerve blockade and to decrease its risk of injury during periorbital surgeries. METHODS: Forty sides from 20 adult fixed cadavers were used for this study...
May 4, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26664937/piezoelectric-bone-surgery-a-review-of-the-literature-and-potential-applications-in-veterinary-oromaxillofacial-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Philippe Hennet
Piezoelectric bone surgery is a recent and innovative technology, permitting a selective cut of mineralized tissue while sparing soft tissue. Similar to a dental scaler, a high frequency vibration, in the range of 25-35 kHz, is transmitted to a metallic tip. However, the power of the piezosurgical instrument is three to six times higher than that of a dental scaler. The major advantages of this technology include high precision, a design that increases ease of curvilinear osteotomy, less trauma to soft tissue, preservation of neurological and vascular structures, reduced hemorrhage, minimal thermal damage to the bone, as well as overall improvement of healing...
2015: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26170579/role-of-99m-tc-methylene-diphosphonate-bone-scan-in-the-evaluation-of-the-viability-of-the-bone-flap-in-mandibular-reconstruction-in-patients-with-oromaxillofacial-malignancies
#9
Madhur Kumar Srivastava, Prasanth Penumadu, Dinesh Kumar, Nandini Pandit
Osteo-cutaneous flap are commonly used for reconstruction of bone defect after oncology surgery. The success of surgery depends on the viability of the bone flap. Bone scan is a known, but less performed method, to look for viability of bone flaps. We describe a case of 50-year-old lady, presenting with squamous cell carcinoma of left buccal mucosa (cT4N1M0) involving the skin and mandible. She underwent left segmental mandibulectomy and upper alveolectomy with neck dissection, followed by reconstruction using a fibular osteo-cutaneous flap and anterolateral thigh free flap...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26166525/-clinical-and-pathological-analysis-of-jaw-ameloblastomas-in-890-patients
#10
Liu Liu, Xin-yu Zhang, Yong-jie Hu, Chen-ping Zhang, Zhi-yuan Zhang
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical and pathological features of jaw ameloblastomas in 890 patients, in order to provide reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: Eight hundred and ninty cases with jaw ameloblastomas treated in our department from January 2003 to June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed, including their gender, age, primary sites, pathological subtypes and therapies. RESULTS: The age of patients ranged from 6 to 101 years old, with a mean age of 40...
June 2015: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25368833/elective-tracheostomy-scoring-system-for-severe-oral-disease-patients
#11
Yong-Hwan Kim, Moon-Young Kim, Chul-Hwan Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research was to create a scoring system that provides comprehensive assessment of patients with oromaxillofacial cancer or odontogenic infection, and to statistically reevaluate the results in order to provide specific criteria for elective tracheostomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients that had oral cancer surgery (group A) or odontogenic infection surgery (group B) during a period of 10 years (2003 to 2013) were subgrouped according to whether or not the patient received a tracheostomy...
October 2014: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25097508/submental-versus-platysma-flap-for-the-reconstruction-of-complex-facial-defects-following-resection-of-head-and-neck-tumors
#12
Jawad Safdar, Fa-Yu Liu, Yousuf Moosa, Zhong-Fei Xu, Zhen-Ning Li, Chang-Fu Sun
OBJECTIVE: To compare the platysma flap with submental flap in terms of tumor and flap characteristics, operative properties and the functional outcomes. METHODS: A total of 65 patients presented with tumors of head and neck and underwent curative tumor resection with different neck dissections at the Department of Oromaxillofacial-Head and Neck Surgery, School of Stomatology of China Medical University; from March 2005 to December 2012 were included in the study...
July 2014: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25012608/metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-to-the-jaws-report-of-cases
#13
Louqiang Zhang, Hongbin Yang, Xuebin Zhang
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the most frequent urological malignancies in adults. RCC often metastasizes to other organs, but rarely to the oromaxillofacial region. Metastatic tumors to the jaws are also unusual. In this report, we present two cases of RCC metastasis to the jaws. Metastatic RCC is resistant to radiotherapy and chemotherapy, so surgery is the primary therapeutic choice. This report describes the diagnostic procedures utilized and the therapeutic process in the two cases. The differential diagnosis and treatment methods are discussed...
2014: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24999214/comparison-of-4-and-6-topical-cocaine-solutions-for-reduction-of%C3%A2-epistaxis-induced-by-nasotracheal-intubation
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
I-Cheng Lu, Yu-Hui Hsieh, Hung-Te Hsu, Chung-Ho Chen, Ching-Wei Hsu, Kuang-Yi Tseng, Kuang-I Cheng
BACKGROUND: Nasotracheal intubation (NTI) provides a good field for surgeons in patients undergoing oromaxillofacial surgery; however, NTI is often complicated by epistaxis. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of 4% and 6% topical cocaine solutions in reducing epistaxis during NTI. METHODS: A total of 79 patients (16-65 years old) undergoing oromaxillofacial surgery were randomly assigned to two groups treated with either 4% cocaine (n = 39) or 6% cocaine (n = 40)...
March 2014: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24666920/the-impact-of-scottish-government-protocols-on-practice-in-scotland
#15
P R C Steele, M L Barnes, P D Ross
Objectives: To investigate rates of septorhinoplasty and rhinoplasty in Scotland between 2006 and 2010, and to establish the impact of government legislation. Methods: Data on the rates of rhinoplasty and septorhinoplasty were collected and analysed according to specialty, region and year. Results: In 2006, 754 septorhinoplasty and rhinoplasty cases were recorded (147 per million population), rising to 893 (171 per million population) in 2010. Mean annual rates per million population were 152 (87 per cent of procedures) in ENT, 13...
March 25, 2014: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24526484/iatrogenic-subcutaneous-emphysema-after-dental-treatment
#16
Young S Paik, Kevin W Lollar, C W David Chang
Subcutaneous emphysema as a complication of a dental procedure is uncommon. When it does occur, it can result in significant and sometimes alarming cervicofacial swelling. Management in most cases involves close observation while awaiting spontaneous resolution. However, in some cases the swelling can progress to cause serious complications and even death. Even though such complications are more commonly seen by our dental and oromaxillofacial surgery colleagues, otolaryngologists should be aware of this condition since we are often asked to consult in these cases...
February 2014: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23875767/airway-management-in-pierre-robin-sequence-patterns-of-practice
#17
Benjamin Collins, Rosser Powitzky, Candace Robledo, Christopher Rose, Robert Glade
Objectives : To report survey results from American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association members on the practice patterns of airway obstruction management in patients with Pierre Robin sequence. Design : A 10-question online survey was sent and the data were reviewed. Setting : Online survey of members of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association. Patients : Surveys assessed management patterns of patients with Pierre Robin sequence whom a surgeon member of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association treated for airway obstruction...
May 2014: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23748552/incidences-and-predictors-of-difficult-laryngoscopy-in-adult-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia-a-single-center-analysis-of-102-305-cases
#18
S Heinrich, T Birkholz, A Irouschek, A Ackermann, J Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Hypoxemia caused by difficulties in airway management presents a major cause for perioperative morbidity and mortality. The ability to predict difficult laryngoscopy more accurately would enable anesthesiologists to take specific precautions to reduce airway risks and prevent patient-threatening events. METHODS: Over a 6-year period of time, all anesthesia records with a documented direct laryngoscopic view were retrieved from the electronic data management system and statistically processed...
December 2013: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23712007/lightwand-guided-nasotracheal-intubation-in-oromaxillofacial-surgery-patients-with-anticipated-difficult-airways-a-comparison-with-blind-nasal-intubation
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Y Dong, G Li, W Wu, R Su, Y Shao
In oromaxillofacial surgery patients, the incidence of difficult airways is up to 15.4-16.9%. Blind nasal intubation remains a safe technique for difficult airway management in some remote areas where a fibreoptic bronchoscope is not always available. The lightwand is an easy-to-use, highly economical device, and can facilitate endotracheal intubation through illumination in the neck. The study aims to evaluate the efficacy of nasotracheal intubation using lightwand in oromaxillofacial surgery patients with difficult airways...
September 2013: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23506280/continuous-veno-venous-hemofiltration-for-massive-rhabdomyolysis-after-malignant-hyperthermia-report-of-2-cases
#20
Shudong Fang, Hui Xu, Yesen Zhu, Hong Jiang
We present 2 cases of fulminant malignant hyperthermia (MH), complicated with massive rhabdomyolysis. The patients were successfully treated in the intensive care unit of our university teaching hospital, despite the lack of availability of dantrolene in our country, by early application of continuous veno-venous hemofiltration (CVVH). Both male patients developed fulminant malignant hyperthermia during anesthesia for oromaxillofacial surgery. CVVH was employed when the values of creatine phosphokinase (CPK), myoglobin (Mb), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) increased significantly...
2013: Anesthesia Progress
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