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erythema infectiosum

Rita de Cássia Nasser Cubel Garcia, Renata Freire Alves Pereira, Kátia Martins Lopes de Azevedo, Tatiana Xavier de Castro, Francisco C A Mello, Sérgio Setubal, Marilda M Siqueira, David Brown, Solange Artimos de Oliveira
This study was conducted to provide information on the genetic diversity of human parvovirus B19 (B19V) circulating in the municipality of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Southeast Brazil during 1996-2006, a period with two distinct outbreaks of B19V infection: 1999-2000 and 2004-2005. A total of 27 sera from patients with erythema infectiosum and five sera from HIV-infected patients that tested positive for B19V DNA during the study period were analyzed. To genotype B19V strains, a semi-nested PCR for partial amplification of the capsid gene was performed and sequence analysis revealed that 31 sequences belonged to subgenotype 1a (G1a) of the main genotype 1 and one sequence was characterized as subgenotype 3b (G3b)...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Jonathan L Sanchez, Zachary Romero, Angelica Quinones, Kristiane R Torgeson, Nancy C Horton
Infection with human parvovirus B19 (B19V) has been associated with a myriad of illnesses, including erythema infectiosum (Fifth disease), hydrops fetalis, arthropathy, hepatitis, and cardiomyopathy, and also possibly the triggering of any number of different autoimmune diseases. B19V NS1 is a multidomain protein that plays a critical role in viral replication, with predicted nuclease, helicase, and gene transactivation activities. Herein, we investigate the biochemical activities of the nuclease domain (residues 2-176) of B19V NS1 (NS1-nuc) in sequence-specific DNA binding of the viral origin of replication sequences, as well as those of promoter sequences, including the viral p6 and the human p21, TNFα, and IL-6 promoters previously identified in NS1-dependent transcriptional transactivation...
November 29, 2016: Biochemistry
Remo Leisi, Marcus Von Nordheim, Carlos Ros, Christoph Kempf
Parvovirus B19 (B19V) is a small non-enveloped virus and known as the causative agent for the mild childhood disease erythema infectiosum. B19V has an extraordinary narrow tissue tropism, showing only productive infection in erythroid precursor cells in the bone marrow. We recently found that the viral protein 1 unique region (VP1u) contains an N-terminal receptor-binding domain (RBD), which mediates the uptake of the virus into cells of the erythroid lineage. To further investigate the role of the RBD in connection with a B19V-unrelated capsid, we chemically coupled the VP1u of B19V to the bacteriophage MS2 capsid and tested the internalization capacity of the bioconjugate on permissive cells...
September 28, 2016: Viruses
A Bouafsoun, N Hannachi, H Smaoui, S H Boubaker, K Kazdaghli, D Laabidi, J Boukadida, A Kechrid
The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of specific antibodies anti-human parvovirus B19 (PVB19) immunoglobulin M (IgM) and IgG in children with fever and rash. This study involved 257 children aged from 7 months to 15 years with febrile rash unrelated to measles and rubella (seronegative for IgM). The sera were examined by immunoenzymatic assay. Detection of antibodies of PVB19 was done by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Elisa). In our study, prevalence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgM were 44 and 11...
August 2016: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
Georgios Kranidiotis, Efrosini Efstratiadis, Georgios Kapsalakis, Georgios Loizos, Apostolos Bilis, Andreas Melidonis
INTRODUCTION: Human parvovirus B19 is a DNA virus most known for causing erythema infectiosum in children, and polyarthropathy or transient aplastic crisis in adults. However, various unusual clinical manifestations have also been reported in association with it. We describe a young patient who presented with splenic infarcts as a rare complication of B19 infection. CASE REPORT: A 33-year old previously healthy man was admitted to our hospital because of a 5-day history of fever and headache...
2016: IDCases
Ayman K Johargy
BACKGROUND: Erythrovirus B19 infection is associated with clinical symptoms that range from mild to severe. The common clinical presentation of B19 virus (B19V) infection is erythema infectiosum, arthropathy, aplastic crisis, and fetal infection. Infection in seronegative pregnant women can lead to fetal hydrops. OBJECTIVES: To determine the seroprevalence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) to erythrovirus B19 in Saudi pregnant women in the cities of Makkah and Jeddah in Saudi Arabia...
May 2016: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Remo Leisi, Chiarina Di Tommaso, Christoph Kempf, Carlos Ros
Parvovirus B19 (B19V) is known as the human pathogen causing the mild childhood disease erythema infectiosum. B19V shows an extraordinary narrow tissue tropism for erythroid progenitor cells in the bone marrow, which is determined by a highly restricted uptake. We have previously shown that the specific internalization is mediated by the interaction of the viral protein 1 unique region (VP1u) with a yet unknown cellular receptor. To locate the receptor-binding domain (RBD) within the VP1u, we analyzed the effect of truncations and mutations on the internalization capacity of the recombinant protein into UT7/Epo cells...
February 24, 2016: Viruses
A Servant-Delmas, F Morinet
Since its discovery, the human parvovirus B19 (B19V) has been associated with many clinical situations in addition to the prototype clinical manifestations, i.e. erythema infectiosum and erythroblastopenia crisis. The clinical significance of the viral B19V DNA persistence in sera after acute infection remains largely unknown. Such data may constitute a new clinical entity and is discussed in this manuscript. In 2002, despite the genetic diversity among B19V viruses has been reported to be very low, the description of markedly distinct sequences showed a new organization into three genotypes...
February 2016: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
Jonathan R Kerr
Human parvovirus B19 is a single-stranded DNA virus which preferentially targets the erythroblasts in the bone marrow. B19 infection commonly causes erythema infectiosum, arthralgia, fetal death, transient aplastic crisis in patients with shortened red cell survival, and persistent infection in people who are immunocompromised. Less common clinical manifestations include atypical skin rashes, neurological syndromes, cardiac syndromes, and various cytopenias. B19 infection has also been associated with development of a variety of different autoimmune diseases, including rheumatological, neurological, neuromuscular, cardiovascular, haematological, nephrological and metabolic...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Priya Ramdass, Sahil Mullick, Harold F Farber
In the vast world of skin diseases, viral skin disorders account for a significant percentage. Most viral skin diseases present with an exanthem (skin rash) and, oftentimes, an accompanying enanthem (lesions involving the mucosal membrane). In this article, the various viral skin diseases are explored, including viral childhood exanthems (measles, rubella, erythema infectiosum, and roseola), herpes viruses (herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster virus, Kaposi sarcoma herpes virus, viral zoonotic infections [orf, monkeypox, ebola, smallpox]), and several other viral skin diseases, such as human papilloma virus, hand, foot, and mouth disease, molluscum contagiosum, and Gianotti-Crosti syndrome...
December 2015: Primary Care
Yuuki Nakamura, Hirokazu Kawanohara, Miwako Kamei
The incidence of common pediatric infectious diseases has been monitored officially at sentinel medical institutions in Japan. However, the numbers of affected patients are not provided. Prescription Surveillance (PS), which infers the number of patients with influenza, varicella, and gastrointestinal infections from data related to prescriptions at external pharmacies, provides estimates to the public the following morning. This study assessed the prediction ability of the incidence of common pediatric infectious diseases from PS information using the National Database of Electronic Medical Claims (NDBEMC): the number of patients prescribed neuraminidase inhibitors, anti-herpes virus drugs, antibiotic drugs, antipyretic analgesics, and multi-ingredient cold medications...
November 2015: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Amanda Allmon, Kristen Deane, Kari L Martin
Because childhood rashes may be difficult to differentiate by appearance alone, it is important to consider the entire clinical presentation to help make the appropriate diagnosis. Considerations include the appearance and location of the rash; the clinical course; and associated symptoms, such as pruritus or fever. A fever is likely to occur with roseola, erythema infectiosum (fifth disease), and scarlet fever. Pruritus sometimes occurs with atopic dermatitis, pityriasis rosea, erythema infectiosum, molluscum contagiosum, and tinea infection...
August 1, 2015: American Family Physician
Francesco Drago, Giulia Ciccarese, Francesco Broccolo, Sanja Javor, Aurora Parodi
Parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection may differently manifest in various age groups. Erythema infectiosum ('fifth disease') is the most common B19V manifestations in children. Arthralgias and arthritis, with or without rash, are common manifestations of B19V infection in adults. Pruritus is usually present in adults and children. However, other cutaneous manifestations and atypical exanthems have been occasionally reported during B19V infection. To investigate the putative role of B19V infection in atypical exanthems, a total of 390 consecutive patients with atypical exanthems were analysed for B19V infection by determining B19V IgG and IgM antibodies titres in acute and convalescent phase as well as B19V DNA detection in serum by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
November 2015: Journal of Medical Virology
Mustafa Cakirca, Cumali Karatoprak, Serdal Ugurlu, Mehmet Zorlu, Muharrem Kıskaç, Güven Çetin
Parvovirus B19 infection is often asymptomatic, but clinical expressions may include transient aplastic crisis, erythema infectiosum, non-immune hydrops fetalis, and chronic red cell aplasia. This virus has also been associated with rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune connective tissue diseases; however, we could not identify any acute adult myositis case developed after a Parvovirus B19 infection in the literature. For this reason, we would like to present a rare case of acute myositis developed after Parvovirus B19 infection...
March 2015: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Daizo Yaguchi, Nobuyuki Marui, Masaki Matsuo
We encountered three adult patients with flu-like symptoms diagnosed with human parvovirus B19 (HPV-B19) infection. Blood serum analysis also revealed leukopenia, with white blood cell counts (WBCs) of 1,000-2,000/mL and low platelet counts of 89-150 × 10(9)/L. Typical skin rash was absent in one patient. Bone marrow examination of another patient showed hypoplastic marrow with <5% blast cells. All patients recovered without administration of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Therefore, HPV-B19 infection with leukopenia should be considered in adult patients with leukopenia during erythema infectiosum epidemics, even if typical clinical findings (ie, skin rash) are absent...
2015: Clinical Medicine Insights. Case Reports
Joan Crane, William Mundle, Isabelle Boucoiran, Robert Gagnon, Emmanuel Bujold, Melanie Basso, Hayley Bos, Richard Brown, Stephanie Cooper, Katy Gouin, N Lynne McLeod, Savas Menticoglou, William Mundle, Christy Pylypjuk, Anne Roggensack, Frank Sanderson
OBJECTIVES: This guideline reviews the evidence relating to the effects of parvovirus B19 on the pregnant woman and fetus, and discusses the management of women who are exposed to, who are at risk of developing, or who develop parvovirus B19 infection in pregnancy. OUTCOMES: The outcomes evaluated were maternal outcomes including erythema infectiosum, arthropathy, anemia, and myocarditis, and fetal outcomes including spontaneous abortion, congenital anomalies, hydrops fetalis, stillbirth, and long-term effects...
December 2014: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Alessandra Tuccio, Giacomo Zanelli, Dhyana Chiara Rodriguez, Maria Luisa Tataranno, Marina Vascotto, Paolo Balestri
Human Parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection usually causes erythema infectiosum (EI). In recent decades, several uncommon exanthems have been described in association with B19V. Recently, haemorrhagic manifestations such as purpuric-petechial rash have been reported. We describe an unusual paediatric case of B19V associated with generalized petechial eruption, and a review of the recent literature.
September 2014: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Soichiro Ando
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2014: Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi. the Journal of the Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
Zakieh Rostamzadeh Khameneh, Haleh Hanifian, Razieh Barzegari, Nariman Sepehrvand
BACKGROUND: Parvovirus B19 infection is associated with clinical symptoms that vary in the spectrum from trivial to severe. The important clinical manifestations are erythema infectiosum or the fifth disease, transient aplastic anemia in patients with hemoglobinopathies, acute polyarthralgia syndrome in adults, hydrops fetalis, spontaneous abortion and stillbirth. Acute infection in nonimmune pregnant women can lead to fetal hydrops. In view of the many complications that can result from acute parvovirus B19 infections during pregnancy, documenting the seroprevalence of anti-parvovirus B19 IgG and its association with the history of abortion in an Iranian population of pregnant women would be of value...
July 2014: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Aki Ishikawa, Yuko Yoto, Takeshi Tsugawa, Hiroyuki Tsutsumi
Several publications concerning the methods of real-time PCR for human parvovirus B19 (B19V) have appeared and some case reports mention B19V DNA loads. However, no large-scale study quantitating levels of B19V DNA in common or representative B19V manifestations such as erythema infectiosum and aplastic crisis has been performed. Consequently, using the TaqMan PCR assay, the B19V load in a large sample of subjects with erythema infectiosum or aplastic crisis was quantitated. Sixty-five subjects in the acute phase of erythema infectiosum were involved, and in addition 22 serum samples from seven subjects with B19V-associated aplastic crisis complicating chronic hemolytic anemia were also analyzed...
December 2014: Journal of Medical Virology
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