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Mango select

Ajay Kumar Mahato, Nimisha Sharma, Akshay Singh, Manish Srivastav, Jaiprakash, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Anand Kumar Singh, Tilak Raj Sharma, Nagendra Kumar Singh
Mango (Mangifera indica L.) is called "king of fruits" due to its sweetness, richness of taste, diversity, large production volume and a variety of end usage. Despite its huge economic importance genomic resources in mango are scarce and genetics of useful horticultural traits are poorly understood. Here we generated deep coverage leaf RNA sequence data for mango parental varieties 'Neelam', 'Dashehari' and their hybrid 'Amrapali' using next generation sequencing technologies. De-novo sequence assembly generated 27,528, 20,771 and 35,182 transcripts for the three genotypes, respectively...
2016: PloS One
Farrukh Jamal, Quazi S Haque, Sangram Singh
BACKGROUND: Diverse group of agro-chemicals are indiscriminately sprayed by the farmers for pest control to enhance crop yield. About 25 million agricultural workers in the developing world suffer from at least one episode of poisoning each year, mainly by anticholinesterase- like organophosphates (OPs). OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to establish the OP toxicity in 187 occupationally exposed pesticide sprayers of mango plantation in rural Malihabad, Lucknow, in terms of neuro-cognitive impairment, mental health status, clinical symptoms, diabetes, and hematological factors...
2016: Open Biochemistry Journal
Chun Luo, Bo Shu, Quangsheng Yao, Hongxia Wu, Wentian Xu, Songbiao Wang
Genetic maps are particularly important and valuable tools for quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping and marker assisted selection (MAS) of plant with desirable traits. In this study, 173 F1 plants from a cross between Mangifera indica L. "Jin-Hwang" and M. indica L. "Irwin" and their parent plants were subjected to high-throughput sequencing and specific-locus amplified fragment (SLAF) library construction. After preprocessing, 66.02 Gb of raw data containing 330.64 M reads were obtained. A total of 318,414 SLAFs were detected, of which 156,368 were polymorphic...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Smriti Srivastava, Rajesh K Singh, Garima Pathak, Ridhi Goel, Mehar Hasan Asif, Aniruddha P Sane, Vidhu A Sane
Ripening in mango is under a complex control of ethylene. In an effort to understand the complex spatio-temporal control of ripening we have made use of a popular N. Indian variety "Dashehari" This variety ripens from the stone inside towards the peel outside and forms jelly in the pulp in ripe fruits. Through a combination of 454 and Illumina sequencing, a transcriptomic analysis of gene expression from unripe and midripe stages have been performed in triplicates. Overall 74,312 unique transcripts with ≥1 FPKM were obtained...
2016: Scientific Reports
Matthew J Nemec, Hyemee Kim, Alexandria B Marciante, Ryan C Barnes, Stephen T Talcott, Susanne U Mertens-Talcott
Mango is rich in bioactive absorbable polyphenols, but also contains considerable amounts of unabsorbable gallotannins at varying degrees of polymerization. Gallotannins are not absorbable upon consumption and have rarely been considered in the discussion of health benefits of polyphenols. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the anti-proliferative activities of the major microbial metabolite of gallotannins, pyrogallol (PG) and a low molecular weight fraction of mango (Mangifera Indica L...
September 14, 2016: Food & Function
Clifton Makate, Rongchang Wang, Marshall Makate, Nelson Mango
This paper demonstrates how crop diversification impacts on two outcomes of climate smart agriculture; increased productivity (legume and cereal crop productivity) and enhanced resilience (household income, food security, and nutrition) in rural Zimbabwe. Using data from over 500 smallholder farmers, we jointly estimate crop diversification and each of the outcome variables within a conditional (recursive) mixed process framework that corrects for selectivity bias arising due to the voluntary nature of crop diversification...
2016: SpringerPlus
Chiu-Lan Hsieh, Shang-Ming Huang, Li-I Chen, Chien-Mei Yu, Cheng-Hsin Wong, Robert Y Peng
Seven kinds of indigenous fruits and five imported fruits were compared for their "health quality." Methods including the calorific, antioxidant, and ion ratios were carried out. Results indicated the order of content (in mg/100g) was: Ca(2+) , Murcott orange (218.2) > Kiwifruit (200.0) > pineapple (138.5) > Golden kiwi (117.6); Mg(2+) , Pitaya (192.2), banana (88.0), Kiwifruit (63.4), and Golden kiwi (58.4); Zn(2+) , Pitaya (19.53) > pear (10.8) > Kiwifruit (6.09) > Irwin mango (4.58). Cu(2+) , Kiwifruit (0...
August 2016: Journal of Food Science
C G Venturinil, A Bruinsmann, C P Oliveira, R V Contri, A R Pohlmann, S S Guterres
An innovative nanocapsule formulation for parenteral administration using selected vegetable oils (mango, jojoba, pequi, oat, annatto, calendula, and chamomile) was developed that has the potential to encapsulate various drugs. The vegetable oil-loaded nanocapsules were prepared by interfacial deposition and compared with capric/caprylic triglyceride-loaded lipid core nanocapsules. The major objective was to investigate the effect of vegetable oils on particle size distribution and physical stability and to determine the hemolytic potential of the nanocapsules, considering their applicability for intravenous administration...
February 2016: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Richard Ha, Eralda Mema, Xiaotao Guo, Victoria Mango, Elise Desperito, Jason Ha, Ralph Wynn, Binsheng Zhao
BACKGROUND: The amount of fibroglandular tissue (FGT) has been linked to breast cancer risk based on mammographic density studies. Currently, the qualitative assessment of FGT on mammogram (MG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is prone to intra and inter-observer variability. The purpose of this study is to develop an objective quantitative FGT measurement tool for breast MRI that could provide significant clinical value. METHODS: An IRB approved study was performed...
April 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Muhammad Sohail, Zakia Latif
BACKGROUND: Keeping in mind the commercial application of polygalacturonase (PG) in juice and beverages industry, bacterial strains were isolated from rotten fruits and vegetables to screen for competent producers of PG. OBJECTIVES: In this study, the plate method was used for preliminary screening of polygalacturonase-producing bacteria, while the Dinitrosalicylic Acid (DNS) method was used for quantifications of PG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Biochemically-identified polygalacturonase-producing Bacillus and Pseudomonas species were further characterized by molecular markers...
January 2016: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
Richard Ha, Eralda Mema, Xiaotao Guo, Victoria Mango, Elise Desperito, Jason Ha, Ralph Wynn, Binsheng Zhao
The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) background parenchymal enhancement (BPE) and its clinical significance as a biomarker of breast cancer risk has been proposed based on qualitative studies. Previous BPE quantification studies lack appropriate correlation with BPE qualitative assessments. The purpose of this study is to validate our three-dimensional BPE quantification method with standardized BPE qualitative cases. An Institutional Review Board-approved study reviewed 500 consecutive magnetic resonance imaging cases (from January 2013-December 2014) using a strict inclusion criteria and 120 cases that best represented each of the BPE qualitative categories (minimal or mild or moderate or marked) were selected...
September 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
Nazma Shaheen, Nafis Md Irfan, Ishrat Nourin Khan, Saiful Islam, Md Saiful Islam, Md Kawser Ahmed
The presence of toxic heavy metals such as As, Cd, Pb, Cr, Mn, Ni, Cu, and Zn in nationally representative samples of highly consumed fruits and vegetables was determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Their concentrations exceeded the maximum allowable concentration (MAC) set by FAO/WHO for Pb in mango and Cd in tomato among the analyzed fruits and vegetables. Pb content in mango was found to be six times higher than the safe limit at production level. Health risks associated with the intake of these metals were evaluated in terms of estimated daily intake (EDI), and carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic risks by target hazard quotient (THQ) and hazard index (HI)...
June 2016: Chemosphere
Svsg Nirmala, Mohammed Akhil Quadar, Sindhuri Veluru
BACKGROUND: Sugars that occur naturally in foods and those added in processed foods may act as the source for fermentable carbohydrates and may initiate caries process. Among all the foods consumed by children, chocolates form an important constituent. A wide variety of chocolates are available in the Indian market and very few studies have compared their acidogenicity and salivary sugar clearance. OBJECTIVES: To compare the acidogenicity and salivary sugar clearance of 6 different commercially available chocolates in the Indian market...
January 2016: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Florina Danalache, Claudia Y Carvalho, Vitor D Alves, Margarida Moldão-Martins, Paulina Mata
The optimisation of an edible coating based on low acyl (L)/high acyl (H) gellan gum for ready-to-eat mango bars was performed through a central composite rotatable design (CCRD). The independent variables were the concentration of gellan (L/H90/10) and the concentration of Ca(2+) in the coating solution, as well as the storage time after coating application. The response variables studied were the coating thickness, mango bars firmness, syneresis, and colour alterations. Gellan concentration was the independent variable that most influenced the thickness of the coating...
March 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Guang-Qiao Zeng, Jia-Ying Luo, Hui-Min Huang, Pei-Yan Zheng, Wen-Ting Luo, Ni-Li Wei, Bao-Qing Sun
BACKGROUND: Although the number of studies on allergic diseases in the general population of southern China is increasing, only a few have addressed food allergy (FA) in children in this region. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence, clinical manifestations, spectrum of allergens, and related risk factors of FA in preschool children in Guangdong Province, southern China. METHODS: A random cluster-sampling method was used to select 24 kindergartens from 12 cities in Guangdong Province...
August 2015: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Franklin H Rocha, Francisco Infante, Alfredo Castillo, Guillermo Ibarra-Nuñez, Arturo Goldarazena, Joe E Funderburk
A field survey was conducted in Ataulfo mango (Mangifera indica L.) orchards in Chiapas, Mexico, with the objective of determining the natural enemies of the Frankliniella complex species (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Seven species of this genus feed and reproduce in large numbers during the mango flowering. Two representative orchards were selected: the orchard "Tres A" characterized by an intensive use of agrochemicals directed against thrips, and the orchard "La Escondida" that did not spray insecticides. During mango flowering, five inflorescences were randomly collected every 5 d in both orchards, for a total of 18 sampling dates...
2015: Journal of Insect Science
C Luo, H X Wu, Q S Yao, S B Wang, W T Xu
Mango is one of the most commercially important fruit crops in tropical and subtropical regions. To increase the efficiency of breeding strategies, two EST-derived marker systems were developed in the present study using information from the mango fruit transcriptome. Using simple sequence repeats, 218 of 230 primer pairs showed stable amplification for 7 mango genotypes with amplicons ranging from 84 to 160 bp; 93 of the primer pairs yielded polymorphic products. The proportion of polymorphic bands ranged from 16...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Xue-Yi Liao, Li-Qiong Guo, Zhi-Wei Ye, Ling-Yan Qiu, Feng-Wei Gu, Jun-Fang Lin
Strains of Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Pediococcus pentosaceus, and Lactobacillus brevis were identified from mango fruits by partial 16S rDNA gene sequence. Based on the ability of producing mannitol and diacetyl, Leuconostoc mesenteroides MPL18 and MPL39 were selected within the lactic acid bacteria isolates, and used as mixed starters to ferment mango juice (MJ). Both the autochthonous strains grew well in fermented mango juice (FMJ) and remained viable at 9.81 log cfu mL(-1) during 30 days of storage at 4°C...
May 18, 2016: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
I J Patel, C N Dharaiya, S V Pinto
Ragi (Finger millet) improves the nutritional value of ice cream by enhancing the iron and fibre content. Caramel flavoured medium fat ice cream (6 % fat) was prepared by addition of gelatinized malted ragi flour roasted in butter (MRB) @ 8 %, 9 % and 10 % by weight of mix and compared with control (C) i.e. vanilla ice cream containing 10 % fat. The overall acceptability score of product prepared using 9 % MRB was statistically (P > 0.05) at par with the C, hence, it was selected. In the next part of the study, ragi ice cream was prepared using 4 different flavours viz...
July 2015: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Yuan-Yuan Pu, Da-Wen Sun
Mango slices were dried by microwave-vacuum drying using a domestic microwave oven equipped with a vacuum desiccator inside. Two lab-scale hyperspectral imaging (HSI) systems were employed for moisture prediction. The Page and the Two-term thin-layer drying models were suitable to describe the current drying process with a fitting goodness of R(2)=0.978. Partial least square (PLS) was applied to correlate the mean spectrum of each slice and reference moisture content. With three waveband selection strategies, optimal wavebands corresponding to moisture prediction were identified...
December 1, 2015: Food Chemistry
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