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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324509/investigating-the-relationship-of-the-functional-gait-assessment-to-spatiotemporal-parameters-of-gait-and-quality-of-life-of-individuals-with-stroke
#1
Richard Price, Nancy Low Choy
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Walking in the community is an important aspect of independence and quality of life (QOL) that poses challenges for individuals with stroke. This study investigated whether performance on the Functional Gait Assessment (FGA) differentiated spatiotemporal gait parameters, QOL, and fall history of community-ambulating individuals with stroke. We hypothesized that those scoring higher on the FGA would present with better gait speed and cadence, stride width and length, and improved load time on the paretic limb, report a higher QOL, and be less likely to have a fall history than those who scored lower on the FGA...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310618/epidemiology-of-unplanned-out-of-hospital-births-attended-by-paramedics
#2
Gayle McLelland, Lisa McKenna, Amee Morgans, Karen Smith
BACKGROUND: Over the previous two decades the incidence and number of unplanned out of hospital births Victoria has increased. As the only out of hospital emergency care providers in Victoria, paramedics would provide care for women having birth emergencies in the community. However, there is a lack of research about the involvement of paramedics provide for these women and their newborns. This research reports the clinical profile of a 1-year sample caseload of births attended by a state-wide ambulance service in Australia...
January 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305379/short-stay-admissions-at-an-inner-city-hospital-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#3
Ian Pope, Sharif Ismail, Benjamin Bloom, Gwyneth Jansen, Helen Burn, David McCoy, Tim Harris
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors predictive of short hospital admissions and appropriate placement to inpatient versus clinical decision units (CDUs). METHOD: This is a retrospective analysis of attendance and discharge data from an inner-city ED in England for December 2013. The primary outcome was admission for less than 48 hours either to an inpatient unit or CDU. Variables included: age, gender, ethnicity, deprivation score, arrival date and time, arrival method, admission outcome and discharge diagnosis...
January 5, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305133/phenotypic-stratification-and-genotype-phenotype-correlation-in-a-heterogeneous-international-cohort-of-gne-myopathy-patients-first-report-from-the-gne-myopathy-disease-monitoring-program-registry-portion
#4
Oksana Pogoryelova, Phillip Cammish, Hank Mansbach, Zohar Argov, Ichizo Nishino, Alison Skrinar, Yiumo Chan, Shahriar Nafissi, Hosein Shamshiri, Emil Kakkis, Hanns Lochmüller
GNE myopathy is a rare distal myopathy, caused by mutations in the GNE gene, affecting sialic acid synthesis. Clinical presentation varies from asymptomatic early stage patients to severely debilitating forms. This first report describes clinical presentations and severity of the disease, using data of 150 patients collected via the on-line, patient-reported registry component of the GNE Myopathy Disease Monitoring Program (GNEM-DMP). Disease progression was prospectively analysed, over a 2-year period, using the GNE myopathy functional activity scale (GNEM-FAS)...
November 14, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295638/postural-asymmetry-in-non-ambulant-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-scoping-review
#5
Carlee Holmes, Kim Brock, Prue Morgan
PURPOSE: Non-ambulant adults with cerebral palsy are vulnerable to development of postural asymmetry and associated complications. The primary aim of this scoping review was to identify postural deformities in non-ambulant adults with cerebral palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comprehensive searches were undertaken in EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, Cochrane, Psych INFO, and Joanna Briggs (1986-Jan 2017), supplemented by hand searching. Two reviewers independently extracted data using a customised tool focusing on study design, participant characteristics, postural descriptors, measurement tools, and interventions...
January 2, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282591/performance-of-regional-oxygen-saturation-monitoring-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy-nirs-in-pediatric-inter-hospital-transports-with-special-reference-to-air-ambulance-transports-a-methodological-study
#6
Tova Hannegård Hamrin, Peter J Radell, Urban Fläring, Jonas Berner, Staffan Eksborg
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the performance of regional oxygen saturation (rSO2) monitoring with near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) during pediatric inter-hospital transports and to optimize processing of the electronically stored data. Cerebral (rSO2-C) and abdominal (rSO2-A) NIRS sensors were used during transport in air ambulance and connecting ground ambulance. Data were electronically stored by the monitor during transport, extracted and analyzed off-line after the transport. After removal of all zero and floor effect values, the Savitzky-Golay algorithm of data smoothing was applied on the NIRS-signal...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279485/clinical-condition-and-management-of-114-mamushi-gloydius-blomhoffii-bites-in-a-general-hospital-in-japan
#7
Takahito Chiba, Hidenobu Koga, Nanae Kimura, Maho Murata, Shunichi Jinnai, Asako Suenaga, Futoshi Kohda, Masutaka Furue
Objective Mamushi (Gloydius blomhoffii) snakebite is the most common type of snake injury in Japan and is also seen in China and Korea. Although the components of Mamushi venom have been investigated, epidemiological and clinical descriptions still remain limited in the English literature. The aim of this study was to review the clinical features and management of patients with injuries related to Mamushi snakebites. Methods We conducted a retrospective examination of 114 Mamushi snakebite cases encountered at a general hospital in Japan from January 2004 to November 2016...
December 27, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273024/is-unplanned-out-of-hospital-birth-managed-by-paramedics-infrequent-normal-and-uncomplicated
#8
Belinda Flanagan, Bill Lord, Margaret Barnes
BACKGROUND: Unplanned out-of-hospital birth is often perceived as precipitate in nature, 'infrequent', 'normal' and 'uncomplicated'. However, international studies report unplanned out-of-hospital birth is associated with increased rates of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. This research describes intrapartum, immediate postpartum and neonatal care provided by paramedics in Queensland, Australia. The objectives were to (1) determine the number of cases where the paramedic documented birth or imminent birth during the study period (2) to describe the incidence of births prior to or during paramedic care (3) to detail any risk factors and/or complications recorded by paramedics during these cases, (4) identify paramedic pain management practices for intrapartum care, and (5) to examine the maternal and neonatal outcomes as documented by paramedics...
December 22, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239735/burns-centre-and-fire-services-what-information-can-be-exchanged-to-manage-the-burn-patient
#9
O Pujji, B Nizar, J Bechar, D North, S Jeffery
AIM: To describe the experience of using a "Burns Extrication Form" at a regional Burns Centre. Communication between the fire services and burns team previously has been regarded as poor. Significant information is collected by the fire services at the scene and this can aid the management of the patient. METHODS: The Burns Extrication Form was devised to provide a clear framework of communication between the two services. Information regarding time frames, exposure to heat & smoke, fire loading (potential severity of a fire in a given space by measuring amount of combustible material in confined space), building construction, chemicals involved is passed to the medical team through this form through a National Health Service mailbox...
November 24, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230501/-development-of-ground-based-physician-staffed-emergency-missions-in-the-city-of-leipzig-from-2003-to-2013
#10
K Bader, M Bernhard, A Gries, M Kaul, R Schröder, A Ramshorn-Zimmer
BACKGROUND: The annual number of physician-based emergency missions reported is continuously increasing. Data from large cities concerning this development over long periods is sparse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective study the charts of all ground-based physician-staffed emergency missions in the city of Leipzig for the first quarters of 2003 and 2013 were analyzed. Patient characteristics, injury and illness severities, mission location, hospital admission rate, as well as emergency interventions were collated...
December 11, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201847/the-efficacy-of-fentanyl-transdermal-patch-as-the-first-line-medicine-for-the-conservative-treatment-of-osteoporotic-compression-fracture
#11
June Ho Choi, Hui Dong Kang, Jin Hoon Park, Bon Sub Gu, Sang Ku Jung, Se Hyun Oh
Objective: There are no strong guidelines on how long or how we should undertake conservative treatment during the acute period of an osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (VCF). Methods: We treated 202 patients with conservative treatment on VCF from March 2012 to August 2015. On inclusion criteria, 75 patients (22 males and 53 females) were included in the final analysis. After admission, a transdermal fentanyl patch with low dose (12.5 µg) application was attempted in all patients...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197341/frail-phenotype-is-associated-with-distinct-quantitative-electroencephalographic-findings-among-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-an-observational-study
#12
Chia-Ter Chao, Hsin-Jung Lai, Hung-Bin Tsai, Shao-Yo Yang, Jenq-Wen Huang
BACKGROUND: Frailty is prevalent among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and is associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment. However, apart from its influence on cognition, it is currently unknown whether frailty affects subtler cerebral function in patients with ESRD. METHODS: Patients with ESRD were prospectively enrolled, with clinical features and laboratory data recorded. The severity of frailty among these patients with ESRD was ascertained using the previously validated simple FRAIL scale, and was categorized as none-to-mild and moderate-to-severe frailty...
December 2, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179277/-relationship-between-frailty-and-depression-in-elderly-patients
#13
S M Zhang, X D Tang, X R Yang, R R Zheng, L Xu, J H Wu
Objective: To investigate the relationship between frailty and depression by analyzing the clinical data, frailty and depression in the elderly outpatients. Methods: This study included outpatients who visited the Geriatric Section of West China Hospital from July 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016.Clinical characteristics and complications in patients were evaluated comprehensively.The debilitating condition of patient was assessed by the international society for elderly nutrition simple weakness questionnaire (Fatigue, Resistance, Ambulation, Illnesses, Loss of Weight...
November 21, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175808/time-gain-needed-for-in-ambulance-telemedicine-cost-utility-model
#14
Alexis Valenzuela Espinoza, Stefanie Devos, Robbert-Jan van Hooff, Maaike Fobelets, Alain Dupont, Maarten Moens, Ives Hubloue, Door Lauwaert, Pieter Cornu, Raf Brouns, Koen Putman
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a very time-sensitive pathology, and many new solutions target the optimization of prehospital stroke care to improve the stroke management process. In-ambulance telemedicine, defined by live bidirectional audio-video between a patient and a neurologist in a moving ambulance and the automated transfer of vital parameters, is a promising new approach to speed up and improve the quality of acute stroke care. Currently, no evidence exists on the cost effectiveness of in-ambulance telemedicine...
November 24, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170734/the-prevalence-and-distribution-of-spina-bifida-in-a-single-major-referral-center-in-malaysia
#15
Adibah Sahmat, Renuka Gunasekaran, Siti W Mohd-Zin, Lohis Balachandran, Meow-Keong Thong, Julia P Engkasan, Dharmendra Ganesan, Zaliha Omar, Abu Bakar Azizi, Azlina Ahmad-Annuar, Noraishah M Abdul-Aziz
Background: The aim of this study is to review the medical history of patients with spina bifida, encompassing both aperta and occulta types born between the years 2003 until 2016, spanning a 13-year time period. We assessed each patient and maternal parent information, details of the defects, and conditions associated with the primary defect. We also include information on patients' ambulation and education level (where available). Methods: Data from the Department of Patient Information University of Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC), Malaysia was captured from spina bifida patients (ICD10: Q05 spina bifida)...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170328/31%C3%A2-the-quality-improvement-qip-improving-multidisciplinary-staff-engagement-with-quality-improvement-in-the-rvh-emergency-department
#16
Olly Bannon, Emma Greenwood
: In recent years the RVH Emergency Department (ED) had been under intense pressure and public scrutiny. This led to a demoralised workforce who had become disengaged with quality improvement (QI). QI projects had become an exercise in data collection with little focus on improving care for patients.Two consultants undertook training in QI and then decided to develop a QI project aiming to empower staff and embed QI as daily practice. An ED QI steering group of interested multidisciplinary members was formed and devised an improvement plan to increase staff engagement with QI...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170314/17%C3%A2-exploring-ambulance-conveyances-to-the-emergency-department-a-descriptive-analysis-of-non-urgent-transports
#17
Jamie Miles, Colin O'Keeffe, Richard Jacques, Tony Stone, Suzanne Mason
OBJECTIVES: An NHS England report highlighted key issues in how patients were initially navigating access to healthcare. This has manifested in increased pressure on ambulance services and emergency departments (EDs) to provide high quality, safe and efficient services to manage this demand. This study aims to identify non-urgent conveyances by ambulance services to the ED that would be suitable for care at scene or an alternative response. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of emergency department data linked to initial pre-hospital call data (either '111' or '999') in 2014 in Yorkshire and Humber...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170313/16%C3%A2-investigating-the-effects-of-under-triage-by-existing-major-incident-triage-tools
#18
James Vassallo, Jason Smith
INTRODUCTION: Triage, the process of prioritising patients on the basis of clinical acuity, is a key principle in the effective management of a major incident. The overall effectiveness of the triage process is not only a balance between identifying those who need or don't need a life-saving intervention, but also those who are under or over-triaged as either incorrectly needing/not needing intervention. The primary aim of this study was to describe the implications of under-triage using existing major incident triage tools, including the 2013 National Ambulance Resilience Unit (NARU) Sieve...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155471/alcohol-related-harm-in-emergency-departments-a-prospective-multicentre-study
#19
Assoc Prof Diana Egerton-Warburton, Andrew Gosbell, Katie Moore, Angela Wadsworth, Drew Richardson, Daniel M Fatovich
BACKGROUND: Emergency department alcohol-related presentation data are not routinely collected. It is likely that previous research has underestimated the numbers of patients presenting with alcohol-related conditions. DESIGN: Multicentre, prospective study. Patients were prospectively screened for alcohol-related presentations over a seven-day period in December 2014. Part one involved screening to determine alcohol positive ED presentations, and data collection of patient demographic and clinical information...
November 20, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141907/emergency-versus-standard-response-time-efficacy-of-london-s-air-ambulance-rapid-response-vehicle
#20
Marius Rehn, Gareth Davies, Paul Smith, David Lockey
OBJECTIVE: The potential increased risk of an emergency response using a rapid response vehicle (RRV) should only be accepted when it allows a clinically significant time saving for management of patients who are critically injured or sick. Air ambulance services often use an RRV to maintain operational resilience. We compared the RRV response time on emergency versus standard driving to inform emergency services of time efficacy of emergency response in an urban environment. METHODS: Prospective observational controlled study of response data of emergency and standard driving...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
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