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united states preventive services task force

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774988/differences-in-primary-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-between-the-2013-and-2016-cholesterol-guidelines-and-impact-of-the-2017-hypertension-guideline-in-the-united-states
#1
Brent M Egan, Jiexiang Li, Robert A Davis, Kevin A Fiscella, Jonathan N Tobin, Daniel W Jones, Angelo Sinopoli
The US Preventive Services Task Force cholesterol guideline recommended statins for fewer adults than the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline by setting a higher 10-year atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease threshold (≥10.0% vs ≥7.5%) and requiring concomitant diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, or cigarette smoking. The 2017 ACC/AHA hypertension guideline lowered the hypertension threshold, increasing 2016 guideline statin-eligible adults. Cross-sectional data on US adults aged 40 to 75 years enabled estimated numbers for the 2013 guideline and 2016 guideline with hypertension thresholds of ≥140/≥90 mm Hg and ≥130/80 mm Hg, respectively, on: (1) untreated, statin-eligible adults for primary atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease prevention (25...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757921/systematic-review-of-advanced-practice-nurses-skin-cancer-detection-knowledge-and-attitudes-clinical-skin-examination-lesion-detection-and-training
#2
Lois J Loescher, Delaney Stratton, Maribeth Slebodnik, Hope Goodman
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Skin cancer is the most common malignancy in the United States; early detection reduces the public health burden. This systematic review updates the state of advanced practice nurses' skin cancer knowledge and attitudes, performance of and barriers to clinical skin examination (CSE), recognition of skin lesions, and related training activities. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis statement guided a search of eight literature databases that yielded 12 studies from 2010 to 2016...
January 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743222/missed-opportunities-for-depression-screening-and-treatment-in-the-united-states
#3
Elisabeth Kato, Amanda E Borsky, Samuel H Zuvekas, Anita Soni, Quyen Ngo-Metzger
PURPOSE: This study estimates the prevalence of depression assessment in adults age 35 and older and how prevalence varies by sociodemographic characteristics and depressive symptoms. METHODS: We used a nationally representative survey, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, to evaluate if adults 35+ were being assessed for depression by their health care providers in 2014 and 2015. Using multivariate logistic regression, we examined the health and sociodemographic characteristics of patients associated with depression assessment...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735368/changing-incidence-of-metastatic-prostate-cancer-by-race-and-age-1988-2015
#4
Marc A Dall'Era, Ralph deVere-White, Danielle Rodriguez, Rosemary Cress
BACKGROUND: Screening for prostate cancer (PCa) has dramatically declined in the United States (US) since the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommended against routine prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-based PCa screening in all men in 2012. This led to dramatic reductions in the diagnosis of localized disease across all clinical risk groups. OBJECTIVE: In light of decreased PSA screening for men in the US, we sought to study trends in newly diagnosed metastatic PCa incidence and how this may vary by race and age...
May 4, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723083/a-review-of-the-alcohol-use-disorders-identification-test-audit-audit-c-and-usaudit-for-screening-in-the-united-states-past-issues-and-future-directions
#5
John C Higgins-Biddle, Thomas F Babor
BACKGROUND: The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that clinicians screen all adults for alcohol misuse and provide brief counseling to those engaged in risky or hazardous drinking. The World Health Organization's (WHO's) Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is the most widely tested instrument for screening in primary health care. OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the structural and functional features of the AUDIT and methodological problems with the validation of the alcohol consumption questions (AUDIT-C)...
May 3, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713615/lung-nodule-detection-via-deep-reinforcement-learning
#6
Issa Ali, Gregory R Hart, Gowthaman Gunabushanam, Ying Liang, Wazir Muhammad, Bradley Nartowt, Michael Kane, Xiaomei Ma, Jun Deng
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death globally. As a preventive measure, the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends annual screening of high risk individuals with low-dose computed tomography (CT). The resulting volume of CT scans from millions of people will pose a significant challenge for radiologists to interpret. To fill this gap, computer-aided detection (CAD) algorithms may prove to be the most promising solution. A crucial first step in the analysis of lung cancer screening results using CAD is the detection of pulmonary nodules, which may represent early-stage lung cancer...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710141/interventions-to-prevent-falls-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#7
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Martha Kubik, Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Pignone, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Falls are the leading cause of injury-related morbidity and mortality among older adults in the United States. In 2014, 28.7% of community-dwelling adults 65 years or older reported falling, resulting in 29 million falls (37.5% of which needed medical treatment or restricted activity for a day or longer) and an estimated 33 000 deaths in 2015. Objective: To update the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on the prevention of falls in community-dwelling older adults...
April 24, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679265/focus-groups-and-in-depth-interviews-to-guide-the-development-of-lung-cancer-screening-informational-materials
#8
Anushree Sharma, Richard O'Connor, Paula Celestino, Samantha Killion, Laurie Griswold-Krupski, Maansi Bansal-Travers
Lung cancer is one of the most lethal cancers in the USA. In 2013, new guidelines issued by the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommended lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography among a selected group of high-risk individuals. Specifically, lung cancer screening is recommended for heavy smokers between the ages of 55 to 79, with at least 30 pack-year smoking exposure. Former smokers who meet these guidelines and stopped smoking ≤ 15 years ago are also eligible. There is a need to promote lung cancer screening to increase early diagnosis rates and treatment options, thereby decreasing disease-specific mortality...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677309/vitamin-d-calcium-or-combined-supplementation-for-the-primary-prevention-of-fractures-in-community-dwelling-adults-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#9
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Martha Kubik, Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Because of the aging population, osteoporotic fractures are an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Approximately 2 million osteoporotic fractures occurred in the United States in 2005, and annual incidence is projected to increase to more than 3 million fractures by 2025. Within 1 year of experiencing a hip fracture, many patients are unable to walk independently, more than half require assistance with activities of daily living, and 20% to 30% of patients will die...
April 17, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671528/testicular-cancer-diagnosis-and-treatment
#10
Drew C Baird, Garrett J Meyers, Jocelyn S Hu
Testicular cancer is the most common solid tumor among males 15 to 34 years of age, with an estimated 8,850 new cases and 410 deaths during 2017 in the United States. With effective treatment, the overall five-year survival rate is 97%. Risk factors for testicular cancer include undescended testis (cryptorchidism), personal or family history of testicular cancer, age, ethnicity, and infertility. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends against routine screening in asymptomatic men. Men with symptoms should receive a complete history and physical examination...
February 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657674/united-states-preventive-services-task-force-overstates-cosmetic-harms-of-skin-cancer-screening
#11
EDITORIAL
Joseph F Sobanko, Kimberly Shao, Rebecca L Pearl, Sancy Leachman
The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) 2016 recommendation for skin cancer screening in asymptomatic healthy adults concluded that current evidence is "insufficient to assess the balance and harms of visual skin examination." One contributing factor leading to the insufficient grade was a concern for cosmetic harms resulting from unnecessary biopsies or excisions. This commentary briefly highlights the pertinent studies and currently accepted methods for pigmented lesion biopsy...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613874/medical-care-costs-were-similar-across-the-low-dose-computed-tomography-and-chest-x-ray-arms-of-the-national-lung-screening-trial-despite-different-rates-of-significant-incidental-findings
#12
Ilana F Gareen, William C Black, Tor D Tosteson, Qianfei Wang, JoRean D Sicks, Anna N A Tosteson
BACKGROUND: The National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) reported lung cancer and all-cause mortality reductions for low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) versus chest x-ray (CXR) screening. Although LDCT lung screening has received a grade B from the United States Preventive Services Task Force and is a covered service under most health plans, concerns remain on the costs engendered by screening, and the impact of the high rate of significant incidental finding (SIF) detection on those costs...
May 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29583065/lack-of-impact-of-the-2009-uspstf-guidelines-on-rates-of-mammography-screening
#13
Clare Brown, Adrienne Nevola, Bradley C Martin
BACKGROUND: In November 2009, the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) changed their mammography screening guidelines from recommending a screen every 1-2 years for women older than 40 years. The revised guideline recommends against regular screening for women aged 40-49 and recommends biennial screening for women aged 50-74. RESEARCH DESIGN: We used autoregressive integrated moving-average (ARIMA) time series modeling to estimate the effect of the USPSTF 2009 guidelines on trends in screening rates...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570250/current-knowledge-of-obesity-treatment-guidelines-by-health-care-professionals
#14
Monique Turner, Nichole Jannah, Scott Kahan, Christine Gallagher, William Dietz
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess health care professionals' knowledge of evidence-based guidelines for the nonsurgical treatment of obesity. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of internists, family practitioners, obstetricians/gynecologists, and nurse practitioners completed a web-based survey between June 9 and July 1, 2016 (n = 1,506). RESULTS: Only 16% of respondents indicated that obesity counseling should be provided approximately twice monthly in an individual or group setting for at least 6 months, in accordance with United States Preventive Services Task Force and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services guidelines...
April 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558558/behavioral-counseling-to-prevent-skin-cancer-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#15
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Aaron B Caughey, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Martha Kubik, Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States. Although invasive melanoma accounts for only 2% of all skin cancer cases, it is responsible for 80% of skin cancer deaths. Basal and squamous cell carcinoma, the 2 predominant types of nonmelanoma skin cancer, represent the vast majority of skin cancer cases. Objective: To update the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on behavioral counseling for the primary prevention of skin cancer and the 2009 recommendation on screening for skin cancer with skin self-examination...
March 20, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535080/improving-internal-medicine-residents-colorectal-cancer-screening-knowledge-using-a-smartphone-app-pilot-study
#16
Zubair Khan, Umar Darr, Muhammad Ali Khan, Mohamad Nawras, Basmah Khalil, Yousef Abdel-Aziz, Yaseen Alastal, William Barnett, Thomas Sodeman, Ali Nawras
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common type of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. About one in three adults in the United States is not getting the CRC screening as recommended. Internal medicine residents are deficient in CRC screening knowledge. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess the improvement in internal medicine residents' CRC screening knowledge via a pilot approach using a smartphone app...
March 13, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519806/cancer-and-platelet-crosstalk-opportunities-and-challenges-for-aspirin-and-other-antiplatelet-agents
#17
REVIEW
Xiaohong Ruby Xu, George M Yousef, Heyu Ni
Platelets have long been recognized as key players in hemostasis and thrombosis; however, growing evidence suggests that they are also significantly involved in cancer, the second leading cause of mortality worldwide. Preclinical and clinical studies showed that tumorigenesis and metastasis can be promoted by platelets through a wide variety of crosstalk between platelets and cancer cells. For example, cancer changes platelet behavior by directly inducing tumor-platelet aggregates, triggering platelet granule and extracellular vesicle release, altering platelet phenotype and platelet RNA profiles, and enhancing thrombopoiesis...
April 19, 2018: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500250/multilevel-small-area-estimation-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-the-united-states
#18
Zahava Berkowitz, Xingyou Zhang, Thomas B Richards, Marion Nadel, Lucy A Peipins, James Holt
Background: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends routine screening for colorectal cancer for adults ages 50 to 75 years. We generated small-area estimates for being current with colorectal cancer screening to examine sociogeographic differences among states and counties. To our knowledge, nationwide county-level estimates for colorectal cancer screening are rarely presented. Methods: We used county data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS; n = 251,360 adults), linked it to the American Community Survey poverty data, and fitted multilevel logistic regression models...
March 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496297/the-relationship-between-progestin-hormonal-contraception-and-depression-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Brett L Worly, Tamar L Gur, Jonathan Schaffir
OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review to look for an association between progestin-only contraception and depression. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Ovid and Web of Science for English-language articles including progestin-only contraception and depression from database inception to September 2016. We evaluated study quality with the procedures guiding reviews for the United States Preventive Services Task Force and the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tools. We included studies that evaluated progestin-only contraception and depression, focusing on externally validated depression measures...
February 20, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462124/impact-of-united-states-preventive-services-task-force-recommendations-on-utilization-of-prostate-specific-antigen-screening-in-medicare-beneficiaries
#20
Rahul Khairnar, Mark V Mishra, Eberechukwu Onukwugha
BACKGROUND: Previous studies assessing the impact of United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on utilization of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening have not investigated longer-term impacts of 2008 recommendations nor have they investigated the impact of 2012 recommendations in the Medicare population. This study aimed to evaluate change in utilization of PSA screening, post-2008 and 2012 USPSTF recommendations, and assessed trends and determinants of receipt of PSA screening in the Medicare population...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
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