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united states preventive services task force

Zubair Khan, Umar Darr, Muhammad Ali Khan, Mohamad Nawras, Basmah Khalil, Yousef Abdel-Aziz, Yaseen Alastal, William Barnett, Thomas Sodeman, Ali Nawras
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common type of cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death in the United States. About one in three adults in the United States is not getting the CRC screening as recommended. Internal medicine residents are deficient in CRC screening knowledge. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess the improvement in internal medicine residents' CRC screening knowledge via a pilot approach using a smartphone app...
March 13, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
Xiaohong Ruby Xu, George M Yousef, Heyu Ni
Platelets have long been recognized as key players in hemostasis and thrombosis; however, growing evidence suggests that they are also significantly involved in cancer, the second leading cause of mortality worldwide. Preclinical and clinical studies showed that tumorigenesis and metastasis can be promoted by platelets through a wide variety of crosstalk between platelets and cancer cells. For example, cancer changes platelet behavior by directly inducing tumor-platelet aggregates, triggering platelet granule and extracellular vesicle release, altering platelet phenotype and platelet RNA profiles, and enhancing thrombopoiesis...
March 8, 2018: Blood
Zahava Berkowitz, Xingyou Zhang, Thomas B Richards, Marion Nadel, Lucy A Peipins, James Holt
Background: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends routine screening for colorectal cancer for adults ages 50 to 75 years. We generated small-area estimates for being current with colorectal cancer screening to examine sociogeographic differences among states and counties. To our knowledge, nationwide county-level estimates for colorectal cancer screening are rarely presented. Methods: We used county data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS; n = 251,360 adults), linked it to the American Community Survey poverty data, and fitted multilevel logistic regression models...
March 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Brett L Worly, Tamar L Gur, Jonathan Schaffir
OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review to look for an association between progestin-only contraception and depression. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Ovid and Web of Science for English-language articles including progestin-only contraception and depression from database inception to September 2016. We evaluated study quality with the procedures guiding reviews for the United States Preventive Services Task Force and the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tools. We included studies that evaluated progestin-only contraception and depression, focusing on externally validated depression measures...
February 20, 2018: Contraception
Rahul Khairnar, Mark V Mishra, Eberechukwu Onukwugha
BACKGROUND: Previous studies assessing the impact of United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on utilization of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening have not investigated longer-term impacts of 2008 recommendations nor have they investigated the impact of 2012 recommendations in the Medicare population. This study aimed to evaluate change in utilization of PSA screening, post-2008 and 2012 USPSTF recommendations, and assessed trends and determinants of receipt of PSA screening in the Medicare population...
February 16, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
Jillian T Henderson, Elizabeth M Webber, George F Sawaya
Importance: Ovarian cancer is relatively rare but the fifth-leading cause of cancer mortality among United States women. Objective: To systematically review evidence on benefits and harms of ovarian cancer screening among average-risk women to inform the United States Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Collaboration Registry of Controlled Trials; studies published in English from January 1, 2003, through January 31, 2017; ongoing surveillance in targeted publications through November 22, 2017...
February 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
David Y Gaitonde, David L Cook, Ian M Rivera
Chronic kidney disease affects 47 million people in the United States and is associated with significant health care costs, morbidity, and mortality. Because this disease can silently progress to advanced stages, early detection is critical for initiating timely interventions. Multiple guidelines recommend at least annual screening with serum creatinine, urine albumin/creatinine ratio, and urinalysis for patients with risk factors, particularly diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and a history of cardiovascular disease...
December 15, 2017: American Family Physician
Joshua A Barocas, Abriana Tasillo, Golnaz Eftekhari Yazdi, Jianing Wang, Claudia Vellozzi, Susan Hariri, Cheryl Isenhour, Liisa Randall, John W Ward, Jonathan Mermin, Joshua A Salomon, Benjamin P Linas
Background: The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommend one-time hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing for persons born 1945-1965 and targeted testing for high-risk persons. This strategy targets HCV testing to a prevalent population at high risk for HCV morbidity and mortality, but does not include younger populations with high incidence. To address this gap and improve access to HCV testing, age-based strategies should be considered...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Altan Ahmed, Nupur Verma, Izabella Barreto, Tan-Lucien Mohammed
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Implementation of low dose computed tomography (LDCT) lung cancer screening programs has followed the demonstration of reduced lung cancer mortality in the National Lung Screening Trial and subsequent consensus screening recommendations. Here we aim to assess the initial results of a screening program at an academic medical center, to discuss the challenges of implementing such a program, and suggest strategies for reducing patient dose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of all patients who underwent LDCT lung cancer screening at our institution between March 2015 and July 2016 was performed to assess the lung cancer detection rate, the spectrum of imaging findings (nodule or mass characteristics, degree of emphysema, etc...
January 30, 2018: Academic Radiology
Meera Sreedhara, Valerie J Silfee, Milagros C Rosal, Molly E Waring, Stephenie C Lemon
Background: Regular physical activity (PA) lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but few US adults meet PA guidelines. The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends primary care providers offer PA counselling for CVD prevention. We examined the association between adherence to PA guidelines and reported provider advice to increase PA among US adults with overweight/obesity and ≥1 additional CVD risk factor. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2014) on PA and provider advice to increase PA were analysed for 4158 adults (≥20 years old) with overweight/obesity who reported ≥1 of hypertension, high cholesterol or impaired fasting glucose...
January 30, 2018: Family Practice
Jason Paul Akerman, Christopher B Allard, Camilla Tajzler, Anil Kapoor
INTRODUCTION: This study serves as an update of prostate cancer screening practices among family physicians in Ontario, Canada. Since this population was first surveyed in 2010, the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (CTFPHC) and the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) released recommendations against prostate cancer screening. METHODS: An online survey was developed through input from urologists and family practitioners. It was distributed via email to all members of the Ontario Medical Association's Section on General and Family practice (11 657 family physicians)...
December 1, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Katrina F Mateo, Natalie B Berner, Natalie L Ricci, Pich Seekaew, Sandeep Sikerwar, Craig Tenner, Joanna Dognin, Scott E Sherman, Adina Kalet, Melanie Jay
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence is higher among Veterans in the United States. Based on our prior research, primary care teams at a Veterans Affairs (VA) hospital do not feel well-equipped to deliver effective weight management counseling and often lack sufficient time. Further, effective and intensive lifestyle-based weight management programs (e.g. VA MOVE! program) are underutilized despite implementation of systematic screening and referral at all VA sites...
January 29, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Thomas Sutton, Phil Reilly, Nathalie Johnson, Jennifer R Garreau
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the United States Preventive Services Task Force changed the recommended starting age for annual screening mammography from 40 to 50 for non-"high risk" women. In 2015, the American Cancer Society issued similar guidelines, with a starting age of 45. Our hypothesis is that most women diagnosed with breast cancer in this age group do not fall into a "high risk" category. METHODS: A retrospective review of women less than 50 years of age diagnosed with breast cancer in the Legacy Health Care System was performed for January 2013 through December 2015...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
Daniel S Reuland, Laura Cubillos, Alison T Brenner, Russell P Harris, Bailey Minish, Michael P Pignone
BACKGROUND: The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) issued recommendations for older, heavy lifetime smokers to complete annual low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) scans of the chest as screening for lung cancer. The USPSTF recommends and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services require shared decision making using a decision aid for lung cancer screening with annual LDCT. Little is known about how decision aids affect screening knowledge, preferences, and behavior...
January 12, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Tracy A Becerra-Culqui, Neal M Lonky, Qiaoling Chen, Chun R Chao
BACKGROUND: The latest 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force cervical cancer screening guidelines recommended screening initiation at age 21 years. Little is known about the cervical cancer screening initiation practices in the community and whether there are critical gaps with respect to adherence to current clinical guidelines. Despite an overall decline in cervical cancer incidence across women of all ages, the incidence rate has not declined among 24-25 year olds between 2000 (2...
December 24, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jamie Quitoriano, Robert M Hamm
While screening for dementia in patients without symptoms is not recommended by the United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF), screening in those presenting with symptoms may help patients and caregivers prepare for the future. When selecting which screening tool to use in a primary care office, one needs to consider practicality, feasibility, applicability, and psychometric properties. The MIS, MiniCog, PhotoTest, and GPCOG have been found to have short administration times, good accuracy, and applicability for a broad range of patient education and backgrounds...
September 2017: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
Tiago M de Carvalho, Eveline A M Heijnsdijk, Harry J de Koning
BACKGROUND: Because of the recent grade C draft recommendation by the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) for prostate cancer screening between the ages of 55 and 69 years, there is a need to determine whether this could be cost-effective in a US population setting. METHODS: This study used a microsimulation model of screening and active surveillance (AS), based on data from the European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer and the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, for the natural history of prostate cancer and Johns Hopkins AS cohort data to inform the probabilities of referral to treatment during AS...
February 1, 2018: Cancer
Sabin Smith, Philippe Wolanski
BACKGROUND: To compare the incidence of newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer at an Australian facility pre- and post-publication of the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines and subsequent amendment of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners Preventive Activities in General Practice guidelines. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was undertaken by patients with newly diagnosed prostate cancer following transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy between 2009 and 2014...
November 30, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Scott P Kelly, William F Anderson, Philip S Rosenberg, Michael B Cook
BACKGROUND: Metastatic prostate cancer (PCA) remains a highly lethal malignancy in the USA. As prostate-specific antigen testing declines nationally, detailed assessment of current age- and race-specific incidence trends and quantitative forecasts are needed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current trends of metastatic PCA by age and race, and forecast the number of new cases (annual burden) and future trends. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We derived incidence data for men aged ≥45 yr who were diagnosed with metastatic PCA from the population-based Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results registries...
November 18, 2017: European Urology Focus
Alexa L Swailes, Erik B Lehman, Jennifer S McCall-Hosenfeld
In 2013, the United States Preventive Services Task Force recommended routine intimate partner violence (IPV) screening for reproductive-age women. Given the increased attention paid to IPV on a national scale, and broader recognition of its social and physical implications, we sought to characterize the discussions resulting from routine IPV screening-specifically regarding provider response and patient perceptions. In a cross-sectional analysis, we implemented a survey to examine outcomes of IPV screening, including use of guideline-concordant discussion topics and interventions, as well as patient perception of the encounters...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
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