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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550785/gender-gaps-and-glass-ceilings-a-survey-of-gender-specific-publication-trends-in-psychiatry-between-1994-and-2014
#1
S Süßenbacher, M Amering, A Gmeiner, B Schrank
BACKGROUND: Within academic psychiatry, women are underrepresented in the higher academic ranks. However, basic determinants of women's lack of academic advancement such as publication activity are poorly understood. The present study examines women's publication activity in high-impact psychiatry journals over two decades and reports developments in the numbers of male and female authorship over time and across cultural areas. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective bibliometric review of all articles published in 2004 and 2014 in three high-ranking general psychiatry journals...
April 6, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550438/what-are-the-real-procedural-costs-of-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-literature-review-of-published-cost-analyses
#2
REVIEW
Brett Doble, Sarah Wordsworth, Chris A Rogers, Richard Welbourn, James Byrne, Jane M Blazeby
This review aims to evaluate the current literature on the procedural costs of bariatric surgery for the treatment of severe obesity. Using a published framework for the conduct of micro-costing studies for surgical interventions, existing cost estimates from the literature are assessed for their accuracy, reliability and comprehensiveness based on their consideration of seven 'important' cost components. MEDLINE, PubMed, key journals and reference lists of included studies were searched up to January 2017...
May 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550427/the-fifty-highest-cited-papers-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#3
Ines Vielgut, Jan Dauwe, Andreas Leithner, Lukas A Holzer
INTRODUCTION: The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most common injured knee ligaments and at the same time, one of the most frequent injuries seen in the sport orthopaedic practice. Due to the clinical relevance of ACL injuries, numerous papers focussing on this topic including biomechanical-, basic science-, clinical- or animal studies, were published. The purpose of this study was to determine the most frequently cited scientific articles which address this subject, establish a ranking of the 50 highest cited papers and analyse them according to their characteristics...
May 27, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550224/selected-highlights-from-other-veterinary-journals
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550112/classic-spotlight-1990-and-1991-articles-of-significant-interest-selected-from-the-journal-of-virology-archives-by-the-editors
#5
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550022/longitudinal-assessment-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-sardinian-psychotic-patients-labsp-a-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-study
#6
Diego Primavera, Mirko Manchia, Luca Deriu, Massimo Tusconi, Roberto Collu, Maria Scherma, Paola Fadda, Walter Fratta, Bernardo Carpiniello
INTRODUCTION: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a crucial role in neurodevelopment, synaptic plasticity and neuronal function and survival. Serum and plasma BDNF levels are moderately, but consistently, decreased in patients with schizophrenia (SCZ) compared with healthy controls. There is a lack of knowledge, however, on the temporal manifestation of this decline. Clinical, illness course and treatment factors might influence the variation of BDNF serum levels in patients with psychosis...
May 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550021/effects-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-neurocognitive-architecture-and-function-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Huajun Xu, Hui Wang, Jian Guan, Hongliang Yi, Yingjun Qian, Jianyin Zou, Yunyan Xia, Yiqun Fu, Xinyi Li, Xiao Jiao, Hengye Huang, Pin Dong, Ziwei Yu, Jun Yang, Mingliang Xiang, Jiping Li, Yanqing Chen, Peihua Wang, Yizhou Sun, Yuehua Li, Xiaojian Zheng, Wei Jia, Shankai Yin
OBJECTIVES: Many clinical studies have indicated that obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), the most common chronic sleep disorder, may affect neurocognitive function, and that treatment for continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has some neurocognitive protective effects against the adverse effects of OSA. However, the effects of CPAP treatment on neurocognitive architecture and function remain unclear. Therefore, this multicentre trial was designed to investigate whether and when neurocognitive architecture and function in patients with OSA can be improved by CPAP treatment and to explore the role of gut microbiota in improving neurocognitive function during treatment...
May 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550009/digital-support-interventions-for-the-self-management-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#8
Barbara I Nicholl, Louise F Sandal, Mette J Stochkendahl, Marianne McCallum, Nithya Suresh, Ottar Vasseljen, Jan Hartvigsen, Paul J Mork, Per Kjaer, Karen Søgaard, Frances S Mair
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common cause of disability and is ranked as the most burdensome health condition globally. Self-management, including components on increased knowledge, monitoring of symptoms, and physical activity, are consistently recommended in clinical guidelines as cost-effective strategies for LBP management and there is increasing interest in the potential role of digital health. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to synthesize and critically appraise published evidence concerning the use of interactive digital interventions to support self-management of LBP...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549854/an-empirical-review-of-antimalarial-quality-field-surveys-the-importance-of-characterising-outcomes
#9
REVIEW
James Grech, James Robertson, Jackson Thomas, Gabrielle Cooper, Mark Naunton, Tamsin Kelly
For decades, thousands of people have been dying from malaria infections because of poor-quality medicines (PQMs). While numerous efforts have been initiated to reduce their presence, PQMs are still risking the lives of those seeking treatment. This review addresses the importance of characterising results of antimalarial medicine field surveys based upon the agreement of clearly defined definitions. Medicines found to be of poor quality can be falsified or counterfeit, substandard or degraded. The distinction between these categories is important as each category requires a different countermeasure...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549572/changes-at-the-journal-of-behavior-therapy-and-experimental-psychiatry
#10
EDITORIAL
Adam S Radomsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549513/assessment-of-the-accuracy-and-consistency-in-the-application-of-standardized-surveillance-definitions-a-summary-of-the-american-journal-of-infection-control-and-national-healthcare-safety-network-case-studies-2010-2016
#11
Marc-Oliver Wright, Katherine Allen-Bridson, Joan N Hebden
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) surveillance definitions are the most widely used criteria for health care-associated infection (HAI) surveillance. NHSN participants agree to conduct surveillance in accordance with the NHSN protocol and criteria. To assess the application of these standardized surveillance specifications and offer infection preventionists (IPs) opportunities for ongoing education, a series of case studies, with questions related to NHSN definitions and criteria were published...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549399/a-systematic-review-investigating-psychosocial-aspects-of-egg-sharing-in-the-united-kingdom-and-their-potential-effects-on-egg-donation-numbers
#12
Timothy Bracewell-Milnes, Srdjan Saso, Hossam Abdalla, Meen-Yau Thum
This review aims to provide an up-to-date knowledge of the psychosocial aspects of egg donation from the perspectives of the egg share donor and their recipient. It explores the motives, experiences and attitudes of egg sharers and their views towards donor anonymity and disclosure. Conclusions are made on how these findings can guide clinical practice and improve egg sharing numbers. A systematic search of peer-reviewed journals of four computerized databases was undertaken. Eleven studies were included in the review...
May 26, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549069/correction-intrinsic-noise-profoundly-alters-the-dynamics-and-steady-state-of-morphogen-controlled-bistable-genetic-switches
#13
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005154.].
May 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549067/correction-visualizing-the-structure-of-rna-seq-expression-data-using-grade-of-membership-models
#14
Kushal K Dey, Chiaowen Joyce Hsiao, Matthew Stephens
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1006599.].
May 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548882/finding-conducting-and-nurturing-science-a-virologist-s-memoir
#15
Anna Marie Ann Skalka Skalka
My laboratory investigations have been driven by an abiding interest in understanding the consequences of genetic rearrangement in evolution and disease, and in using viruses to elucidate fundamental mechanisms in biology. Starting with bacteriophages and moving to the retroviruses, my use of the tools of genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry, and biophysics has spanned more than half a century-from the time when DNA structure was just discovered to the present day of big data and epigenetics. Both riding and contributing to the successive waves of technology, my laboratory has elucidated fundamental mechanisms in DNA replication, repair, and recombination...
May 26, 2017: Annual Review of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548881/constraints-drivers-and-implications-of-influenza-a-virus-reassortment
#16
Anice C Lowen
Influenza A viruses are constantly changing. This change accounts for seasonal epidemics, infrequent pandemics, and zoonotic outbreaks. A major mechanism underlying the genetic diversification of influenza A virus is reassortment of intact gene segments between coinfecting viruses. This exchange is possible because of the segmented nature of the viral genome. Here, I first consider the constraints and drivers acting on influenza A virus reassortment, including the likelihood of coinfection at the host and cellular levels, mixing and assembly of heterologous gene segments within coinfected cells, and the fitness associated with reassortant genotypes...
May 26, 2017: Annual Review of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548661/co-evolution-with-staphylococcus-aureus-leads-to-lipopolysaccharide-alterations-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#17
Mikael Tognon, Thilo Köhler, Bartosz G Gdaniec, Youai Hao, Joseph S Lam, Marie Beaume, Alexandre Luscher, Angus Buckling, Christian van Delden
Detrimental and beneficial interactions between co-colonizing bacteria may influence the course of infections. In cystic fibrosis (CF) airways, Staphylococcus aureus prevails in childhood, whereas Pseudomonas aeruginosa progressively predominates thereafter. While a range of interactions has been identified, it is unclear if these represent specific adaptations or correlated responses to other aspects of the environment. Here, we investigate how P. aeruginosa adapts to S. aureus by evolving P. aeruginosa in the presence and absence of S...
May 26, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548660/transcriptomic-and-micrornaomic-profiling-reveals-multi-faceted-mechanisms-to-cope-with-phosphate-stress-in-a-dinoflagellate
#18
Xinguo Shi, Xin Lin, Ling Li, Meizhen Li, Brian Palenik, Senjie Lin
Although gene regulation can occur at both transcriptional and epigenetic (microRNA) levels, combined transcriptomic and microRNAomic responses to environmental stress are still largely unexplored for marine plankton. Here, we conducted transcriptome and microRNAome sequencing for Prorocentrum donghaiense to understand the molecular mechanisms by which this dinoflagellate copes with phosphorus (P) deficiency. Under P-depleted conditions, G1/S specific cyclin gene was markedly downregulated, consistent with growth inhibition, and genes related to dissolved organic phosphorus (DOP) hydrolysis, carbon fixation, nitrate assimilation, glycolysis, and cellular motility were upregulated...
May 26, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548659/metatranscriptomic-analysis-of-prokaryotic-communities-active-in-sulfur-and-arsenic-cycling-in-mono-lake-california-usa
#19
Christian F Edwardson, James T Hollibaugh
This study evaluates the transcriptionally active, dissimilatory sulfur- and arsenic-cycling components of the microbial community in alkaline, hypersaline Mono Lake, CA, USA. We sampled five depths spanning the redox gradient (10, 15, 18, 25 and 31 m) during maximum thermal stratification. We used custom databases to identify transcripts of genes encoding complex iron-sulfur molybdoenzyme (CISM) proteins, with a focus on arsenic (arrA, aioA and arxA) and sulfur cycling (dsrA, aprA and soxB), and assigned them to taxonomic bins...
May 26, 2017: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548658/distinctive-microbiomes-and-metabolites-linked-with-weight-loss-after-gastric-bypass-but-not-gastric-banding
#20
Zehra Esra Ilhan, John K DiBaise, Nancy G Isern, David W Hoyt, Andrew K Marcus, Dae-Wook Kang, Michael D Crowell, Bruce E Rittmann, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) are anatomically different bariatric operations. RYGB achieves greater weight loss compared with LAGB. Changes in the gut microbiome have been documented after RYGB, but not LAGB, and the microbial contribution to sustainable surgical weight loss warrants further evaluation. We hypothesized that RYGB imposes greater changes on the microbiota and its metabolism than LAGB, and that the altered microbiota may contribute to greater weight loss...
May 26, 2017: ISME Journal
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