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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834506/evidence-based-considerations-and-recommendations-for-athletic-trainers-caring-for-patients-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#1
Elizabeth S Wolfe, Kelly J Madden
CONTEXT:  Patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be noncompliant, impulsive, and disruptive in an athletic training or physical rehabilitation facility. Athletic trainers (ATs) are valuable and essential health care providers for active patients with ADHD. However, for a patient with ADHD to have a successful outcome in a busy athletic training environment, the AT or health care provider must tailor the treatment setting to the patient's needs. OBJECTIVE:  To educate and raise awareness among ATs about patients with ADHD and to provide ATs with strategies and tools that will allow them to treat patients with ADHD more effectively...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783338/coaching-for-college-students-with-adhd
#2
REVIEW
Frances Prevatt
Evidence suggests that ADHD can impair academic achievement in college students and throughout the life span. College students with ADHD are an at-risk population who might benefit from interventions. An offshoot of CBT-oriented therapy that has grown significantly and gained popularity in recent years is ADHD coaching. ADHD coaching is a psychosocial intervention that helps individuals develop skills, strategies, and behaviors to cope with the core impairments associated with ADHD. Most coaching programs are primarily based on a CBT approach and target planning, time management, goal setting, organization, and problem solving...
December 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732620/the-development-of-an-embedded-figures-test-for-the-detection-of-feigned-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adulthood
#3
Anselm B M Fuermaier, Oliver Tucha, Janneke Koerts, Meryem Grabski, Klaus W Lange, Matthias Weisbrod, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Lara Tucha
OBJECTIVES: It has been shown that an increasing number of adults deliberately feign attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which demonstrates the need for new tests designed to detect feigned ADHD. METHODS: An Embedded Figures Test (EFT) was developed for the detection of feigned ADHD in adulthood. EFT performance of 51 adults with ADHD was compared to the performance of 52 matched healthy individuals, as well as to 268 undergraduate students who were randomly allocated in a simulation design to one of four experimental conditions, i...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189687/better-nights-better-days-distance-intervention-for-insomnia-in-school-aged-children-with-without-adhd-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Penny Corkum, Patricia Lingley-Pottie, Fiona Davidson, Patrick McGrath, Christine T Chambers, Jennifer Mullane, Sheila Laredo, Kimberley Woodford, Shelly K Weiss
OBJECTIVE: Better Nights/Better Days, a distance intervention for insomnia in school-aged children (with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]), was evaluated to determine its effectiveness on children's sleep and psychosocial functioning.  METHODS:  A single center, parallel group design randomized controlled trial (stratified on ADHD diagnosis) was conducted. Parents were randomized to intervention (n = 31) or waitlist control (n = 30), and completed questionnaires administered over the phone at baseline, postintervention (2 months), and follow-up (6 months)...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26383058/pilot-study-of-the-efficacy-of-empowering-patients-through-coaching-as-a-complementary-therapy-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
A García Ron, R Serrano Grasa, R Blanco Lago, B Huete Hernani, D A Pérez Martinez
INTRODUCTION: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most frequent neurodevelopmental disorder and must be considered a public health priority because of its functional repercussions in school, family, and social settings. Health empowerment is an innovative model of care for patients with chronic diseases based on self-management education. Our goal is to evaluate the effectiveness of empowerment using coaching within a multimodal treatment plan in paediatric patients with ADHD...
March 2016: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26362259/web-based-intervention-for-teachers-of-elementary-students-with-adhd-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Penny Corkum, Nezihe Elik, Pamela A C Blotnicky-Gallant, Melissa McGonnell, Patrick McGrath
OBJECTIVE: To test the acceptability, satisfaction, and effectiveness of a web-based intervention for teachers of elementary school-aged children with ADHD. METHOD: Elementary classroom teachers (N = 58), along with their students with ADHD, participated in a randomized controlled trial. The program consisted of six sessions that included evidence-based intervention strategies for reducing ADHD symptoms and impairment in the classroom setting. Teachers also had access to a moderated Discussion Board and an online ADHD coach...
September 11, 2015: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26165980/personal-recovery-in-individuals-diagnosed-with-substance-use-disorder-sud-and-co-occurring-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-or-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#7
Linda M Kronenberg, Roeliene Verkerk-Tamminga, Peter J J Goossens, Wim van den Brink, Theo van Achterberg
The process of personal recovery in people diagnosed with substance use disorder and comorbid attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was mapped. Four general themes representing four consecutive stages in the recovery process were identified in both client groups: (1) crisis and diagnosis; (2) dealing with agitation, symptoms, and burden; (3) reorganization of life; and (4) meaningful life. However, the personal recovery outcomes and the need for support were different for the two clients groups...
August 2015: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25922374/when-the-analytic-patient-has-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Stephen B Bernstein
Most analysts are now treating or can expect to treat adult patients with cognitive deficits such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), based on the prevalence of this syndrome in children and its continuation into adulthood. ADHD is a cognitive disorder considered by nonanalytic and analytic writers to be a dysfunction of affect regulation and behavioral inhibition. Analysis deals with these issues, and most analytic theories address affect regulation. Manifestations of ADHD can mimic the clinical expression of intrapsychic conflict, in which the cognitive deficits are embedded...
April 2015: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25917958/executive-function-coaching-assisting-with-transitioning-from-secondary-to-postsecondary-education
#9
Shara B Goudreau, Melissa Knight
OBJECTIVE: ADHD is defined as impairment to self-regulatory behavior and executive functioning (EF). Many students with other learning disabilities (LD) also experience EF impairments. With the rising number of students with ADHD and LD enrolling in higher education, it is important to recognize the challenges these students face and to provide effective support when transitioning from secondary to postsecondary school. This article examines the challenges of the transition from secondary to postsecondary environments, specifically with the student diagnosed with ADHD and/or other LD...
April 27, 2015: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25486039/concussion-risk-factors-and-strategies-for-prevention
#10
Hamish A Kerr
Concussion in children is frequently related to participation in sports. It requires a traumatic event to occur that transmits acceleration to the brain. Some children may have intrinsic risk factors that place them at greater risk for this type of injury. Comorbidities such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, migraine headaches, and mood disorders may place athletes at increased risk of more severe injury. A previous concussion is probably the most important influence on risk for future injury. Extrinsic risk factors include coaching techniques, officiating, and choice of sport...
December 2014: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25477019/development-and-validation-of-the-adhd-benefits-of-coaching-scale-abcs
#11
Linda S Deal, Jodi Sleeper-Triplett, Dana B DiBenedetti, Lauren Nelson, Lori McLeod, Emily E Haydysch, T Michelle Brown
OBJECTIVE: Develop and validate the ADHD Benefits of Coaching Scale (ABCS), a self-report instrument designed to measure benefits of ADHD coaching in college students. METHOD: Concepts were elicited from interviews with ADHD coaches and college students receiving ADHD coaching. Draft items were tested in cognitive interviews among ADHD students. Item and scale reliability and validity of ABCS were evaluated using web-survey data from students reporting ADHD. Mean ABCS scores for coached and noncoached groups were compared...
March 2015: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25340893/influence-of-the-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-and-comorbid-disorders-on-functioning-in-adulthood
#12
Ana Miranda, Carmen Berenguer, Carla Colomer, Rocío Roselló
BACKGROUND: ADHD is a chronic disorder that generally has a negative effect on socio-personal adaptation. The objectives of the current study were to examine the adaptive functioning in the daily lives of adults with ADHD compared to adults without the disorder and to test the influence of ADHD symptoms and comorbid problems on different areas of adaptive functioning. METHOD: Seventy-seven adults between 17 and 24 years old, 40 with a clinical diagnosis of combined-subtype ADHD in childhood and 37 controls, filled out the Weiss Functional Impairment Scale, the Weiss Symptom Record and Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scale...
2014: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25295647/addressing-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-the-workplace
#13
REVIEW
Elias Sarkis
Although generally considered a childhood disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can persist into adulthood and impede achievement in the workplace. Core ADHD symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity can be associated with poor organization, time management, and interpersonal relationships. Employment levels, earning power, and productivity are reduced among individuals with ADHD compared with those without ADHD. Furthermore, the costs of employing individuals with ADHD are higher because of work absences and lost productivity...
September 2014: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25211481/youth-sport-experiences-of-individuals-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Homan Lee, Janice Causgrove Dunn, Nicholas L Holt
The purpose of this study was to explore youth sport experiences of individuals with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were 6 males (mean age=22.7 yr) with ADHD who had played 3 or more seasons in team sports during adolescence. Following interpretive phenomenological analysis methodology, each participant completed 2 semistructured interviews. Findings showed that symptoms of ADHD hampered participants' experiences and led to negative interpersonal and performance-related consequences...
October 2014: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25092688/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#15
Gyula Bokor, Peter D Anderson
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobiological condition of childhood onset with the hallmarks of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Inattention includes excessive daydreaming, disorganization, and being easily distracted. Impulsivity manifests as taking an action before fully thinking of the consequences. Hyperactivity includes an excessive rate of speech and motor activity. Complications of ADHD include academic failure, low self-esteem, poor work performance, substance abuse, criminal justice issues, and social problems...
August 2014: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24875238/difficulties-in-everyday-life-young-persons-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-perspectives-a-chat-log-analysis
#16
Britt H Ahlström, Elisabet Wentz
This study focuses on the everyday life of young persons with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). There are follow-up studies describing ADHD, and ASD in adults, and residual impairments that affect life. Few qualitative studies have been conducted on the subject of their experiences of everyday life, and even fewer are from young persons' perspectives. This study's aim was to describe how young persons with ADHD and ASD function and how they manage their everyday life based on analyses of Internet-based chat logs...
2014: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24298754/pharmacotherapy-of-inattention-and-adhd-in-adolescents
#17
REVIEW
Keith McBurnett, Michael Swetye, Heather Muhr, Robert L Hendren
This article reviews the current use of stimulants in adolescents. The evidence base for treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescents is meager compared with that of ADHD in children, and much recent research of older populations with ADHD has been directed toward adults rather than adolescents. The structure of psychosocial treatment of ADHD differs across developmental ranges. For example, in children, treatment of ADHD uses direct behavior modification via parents and teachers...
August 2013: Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24117656/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-cogmed-working-memory-training-in-school-age-children-with-adhd-a-replication-in-a-diverse-sample-using-a-control-condition
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
A Chacko, A C Bedard, D J Marks, N Feirsen, J Z Uderman, A Chimiklis, E Rajwan, M Cornwell, L Anderson, A Zwilling, M Ramon
BACKGROUND: Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT) has received considerable attention as a promising intervention for the treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children. At the same time, methodological weaknesses in previous clinical trials call into question reported efficacy of CWMT. In particular, lack of equivalence in key aspects of CWMT (i.e., contingent reinforcement, time-on-task with computer training, parent-child interactions, supportive coaching) between CWMT and placebo versions of CWMT used in previous trials may account for the beneficial outcomes favoring CWMT...
March 2014: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23924156/detecting-feigned-adhd-in-later-adolescence-an-examination-of-three-pai-a-negative-distortion-indicators
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jessica Rios, Leslie C Morey
The validity of various indicators of response distortion on the Personality Assessment Inventory-Adolescent (PAI-A; Morey, 2007a) and its potential usefulness to detect malingering were evaluated by having 17- and 18-year-old students complete the PAI-A attempting to simulate Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) under coached or noncoached conditions. Scores for these respondents on the Negative Impression and Positive Impression scales, the Malingering Index, and the Rogers Discriminant Function (RDF) were compared to those of 17- and 18-year-old patients receiving clinical diagnoses of ADHD...
2013: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23759179/-summary-of-the-practice-guideline-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-adhd-in-adolescents-and-adults-with-addictions
#20
REVIEW
Frieda Matthys, Peter Joostens, Wim van den Brink, Bernard Sabbe
Various guidelines are available for the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD in adults, but not for patients with ADHD and a comorbid substance use disorder (SUD). In 2010, the Addiction Medicine Working Party, a division of the VAD (Verenigingvoor Alcohol- en andere Drugproblemen/Association for Alcohol and other Drug Problems) developed a practice guideline on how, when and by whom ADHD can be diagnosed in patients with an addiction, and how these patients should be treated. Given the high prevalence of ADHD in treatment-seeking SUD patients and the availability of valid screening instruments, all SUD patients should be screened for ADHD as soon as their drug use has stabilized...
2013: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
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