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Lumbar soine surgery

Alan D Kaye, Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Salahadin Abdi, Sairam Atluri, Sanjay Bakshi, Ramsin Benyamin, Mark V Boswell, Ricardo Buenaventura, Kenneth D Candido, Harold J Cordner, Sukdeb Datta, Gulshan Doulatram, Christopher G Gharibo, Vahid Grami, Sanjeeva Gupta, Sachin Jha, Eugene D Kaplan, Yogesh Malla, Dharam P Mann, Devi E Nampiaparampil, Gabor Racz, Prithvi Raj, Maunak V Rana, Manohar Lal Sharma, Vijay Singh, Amol Soin, Peter S Staats, Ricardo Vallejo, Bradley W Wargo, Joshua A Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Epidural injections have been used since 1901 in managing low back pain and sciatica. Spinal pain, disability, health, and economic impact continue to increase, despite numerous modalities of interventions available in managing chronic spinal pain. Thus far, systematic reviews performed to assess the efficacy of epidural injections in managing chronic spinal pain have yielded conflicting results. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and update the clinical utility of the efficacy of epidural injections in managing chronic spinal pain...
November 2015: Pain Physician
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