keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Body fluid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675474/brain-tumor-characterization-using-multibiometric-evaluation-of-mri
#1
Faris Durmo, Jimmy Lätt, Anna Rydelius, Silke Engelholm, Sara Kinhult, Krister Askaner, Elisabet Englund, Johan Bengzon, Markus Nilsson, Isabella M Björkman-Burtscher, Thomas Chenevert, Linda Knutsson, Pia C Sundgren
The aim was to evaluate volume, diffusion, and perfusion metrics for better presurgical differentiation between high-grade gliomas (HGG), low-grade gliomas (LGG), and metastases (MET). For this retrospective study, 43 patients with histologically verified intracranial HGG (n = 18), LGG (n = 10), and MET (n = 15) were chosen. Preoperative magnetic resonance data included pre- and post-gadolinium contrast-enhanced T1-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recover, cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), fractional anisotropy, and apparent diffusion coefficient maps used for quantification of magnetic resonance biometrics by manual delineation of regions of interest...
March 2018: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675110/evaluation-of-detection-methods-and-values-of-circulating-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-lung-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Sumin Guo, Michael G Martin, Cheng Tian, Jinglin Cui, Lishi Wang, Shucai Wu, Weikuan Gu
Lung cancer is the deadliest cancer in the world. Angiogenesis plays a crucial role of the incidence, progression, and metastasis in lung cancer. Angiogenesis inhibitors are used to treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, and the molecular biomarkers are also being assessed to predict treatment response/therapeutic response and patients' prognosis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a signal protein produced by cells that stimulates angiogenesis. Due to its predictive values of prognosis on NSCLC, a large number of methods have been developed and evaluated to detect VEGF levels in a variety of studies...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674725/droplet-bubbling-evaporatively-cools-a-blowfly
#3
Guilherme Gomes, Roland Köberle, Claudio J Von Zuben, Denis V Andrade
Terrestrial animals often use evaporative cooling to lower body temperature. Evaporation can occur from humid body surfaces or from fluids interfaced to the environment through a number of different mechanisms, such as sweating or panting. In Diptera, some flies move tidally a droplet of fluid out and then back in the buccopharyngeal cavity for a repeated number of cycles before eventually ingesting it. This is referred to as the bubbling behaviour. The droplet fluid consists of a mix of liquids from the ingested food, enzymes from the salivary glands, and antimicrobials, associated to the crop organ system, with evidence pointing to a role in liquid meal dehydration...
April 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674018/feasibility-of-a-handheld-near-infrared-device-for-the-qualitative-analysis-of-bloodstains
#4
Alvaro Varela Morillas, James Gooch, Nunzianda Frascione
One of the most common tasks in criminal investigation is to determine from which tissue source a biological fluid stain originates. As a result, there are many tests that are frequently used to determine if a stain is blood, semen or saliva by exploiting the properties of certain molecules present within the fluids themselves. These include chemical reagents such as the Kastle-Meyer or Acid Phosphatase tests, as well as other techniques like the use of alternative light sources. However, most of the tests currently available have some major drawbacks...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673998/long-term-evaluation-of-the-stability-of-dentin-matrix-following-treatments-with-aqueous-solutions-of-titanium-tetrafluoride-at-different-concentrations
#5
E C Bridi, A A Leme-Kraus, B Aydin, R T Basting, A K Bedran-Russo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aqueous solutions of different concentrations of titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4 ) on dentin matrix stability up to six months. DESIGN: Dentin specimens prepared from fifteen nonerupted molars were demineralized and randomly distributed into groups: 2.5% TiF4 , 4% TiF4, 1000 ppm NaF, and control (distilled water). The modulus of elasticity (ME) and dry masses of the dentin matrix were determined at baseline, and up to 6 months following treatment...
April 10, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673428/ice-slurry-ingestion-and-physiological-strain-during-exercise-in-non-compensable-heat-stress
#6
Jason Ng, Jonathan E Wingo, Phillip A Bishop, Jason C Casey, Elizabeth K Aldrich
INTRODUCTION: Precooling with ice slurry ingestion attenuates the increase in rectal temperature (Tre) during subsequent running and cycling. It remains unclear how this cooling method affects physiological strain during work while wearing protective garments. This study investigated the effect of ice slurry ingestion on physiological strain during work in hot conditions while wearing firefighter protective clothing. METHODS: In three counterbalanced trials, eight men (mean ± SD; age = 21 ± 2 yr, height = 179...
May 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672630/nonclinical-comparability-studies-of-recombinant-human-arylsulfatase-a-addressing-manufacturing-process-changes
#7
Teresa Wright, Aiqun Li, Jason Lotterhand, Anne-Renee Graham, Yan Huang, Nancy Avila, Jing Pan
Recombinant human arylsulfatase A (rhASA) is in clinical development for the treatment of patients with metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD). Manufacturing process changes were introduced to improve robustness and efficiency, resulting in higher levels of mannose-6-phosphate and sialic acid in post-change (process B) compared with pre-change (process A) rhASA. A nonclinical comparability program was conducted to compare process A and process B rhASA. All doses were administered intrathecally. Pharmacodynamic comparability was evaluated in immunotolerant MLD mice, using immunohistochemical staining of lysosomal-associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP-1)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672557/simulating-direct-shear-tests-with-the-bullet-physics-library-a-validation-study
#8
Ehsan Izadi, Adam Bezuijen
This study focuses on the possible uses of physics engines, and more specifically the Bullet physics library, to simulate granular systems. Physics engines are employed extensively in the video gaming, animation and movie industries to create physically plausible scenes. They are designed to deliver a fast, stable, and optimal simulation of certain systems such as rigid bodies, soft bodies and fluids. This study focuses exclusively on simulating granular media in the context of rigid body dynamics with the Bullet physics library...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671074/assessment-of-forces-in-intradermal-injection-devices-hydrodynamic-versus-human-factors
#9
Stijn Verwulgen, Koen Beyers, Timothi Van Mulder, Thomas Peeters, Steven Truijen, Francis Dams, Vanessa Vankerckhoven
PURPOSE: The force that has to be exerted on the plunger for administering a given amount of fluid in a given time, has an important influence on comfort for the subject and usability for the administrator in intradermal drug delivery. The purpose of this study is to model those forces that are subject-independent, by linking needle and syringe geometry to the force required for ejecting a given fluid at a given ejection rate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We extend the well-known Hagen-Poiseuille formula to predict pressure drop induced by a fluid passing through a cylindrical body...
April 18, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670666/passive-cushiony-biomechanics-of-head-protection-in-falling-geckos
#10
Hao Wang, Wenbo Wang, Yi Song, Lei Cai, Zhendong Dai
Gekko geckos are capable to crawl on the steep even on upside-down surfaces. Such movement, especially at great altitude, puts them at high risks of incidentally dropping down and inevitable body or head impactions, though they may trigger air-righting reaction (ARR) to attenuate the landing shocks. However, the air-righting ability (ARA) in Gekko geckos is not fully developed. The implementation of ARR in some geckos is quite slow; and for those without tails, the ARR is even unobservable. Since ARA is compromised in Gekko geckos , there must be some other mechanisms responsible for protecting them from head injuries during falls...
2018: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670015/extracellular-vesicles-as-conveyors-of-membrane-derived-bioactive-lipids-in-immune-system
#11
REVIEW
Krizia Sagini, Eva Costanzi, Carla Emiliani, Sandra Buratta, Lorena Urbanelli
Over the last 20 years, extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been established as an additional way to transmit signals outside the cell. They are membrane-surrounded structures of nanometric size that can either originate from the membrane invagination of multivesicular bodies of the late endosomal compartment (exosomes) or bud from the plasma membrane (microvesicles). They contain proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids—namely miRNA, but also mRNA and lncRNA—which are derived from the parental cell, and have been retrieved in every fluid of the body...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669324/clinical-significance-of-mir-210-and-its-prospective-signaling-pathways-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-evidence-from-gene-expression-omnibus-and-the-cancer-genome-atlas-data-mining-with-2763-samples-and-validation-via-real-time-quantitative-pcr
#12
Rong-Quan He, Wei-Luan Cen, Jie-Mei Cen, Wei-Ning Cen, Jia-Yi Li, Mei-Wei Li, Ting-Qing Gan, Xiao-Hua Hu, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Since the function of microRNA (miR)-210 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains unclear, we aimed to explore the clinical significance of miR-210 in NSCLC. METHODS: NSCLC-related data from 1673 samples on Gene Expression Omnibus and 1090 samples on The Cancer Genome Atlas were obtained and analyzed. The expression level of miR-210 was validated via real-time quantitative PCR analysis with 125 paired clinical samples. A meta-analysis was performed to generate a comprehensive understanding of miR-210 expression and its clinical significance in NSCLC...
April 13, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669261/chrebp-deficiency-leads-to-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#13
Ah-Reum Oh, Seonyong Sohn, Junghoon Lee, Jong-Min Park, Ki Taek Nam, Ki-Baik Hahm, Young-Bum Kim, Ho-Jae Lee, Ji-Young Cha
OBJECTIVE: Fructose malabsorption is a common digestive disorder in which absorption of fructose in the small intestine is impaired. An abnormality of the main intestinal fructose transporter proteins has been proposed as a cause for fructose malabsorption. However the underlying molecular mechanism for this remains unclear. In this study, we investigated whether carbohydrate response element-binding protein (ChREBP) plays a role in intestinal fructose absorption through the regulation of genes involved in fructose transport and metabolism and ion transport...
April 15, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669178/the-utility-of-multiparametric-flow-cytometry-in-the-detection-of-primary-effusion-lymphoma-pel
#14
Jacobo Galán, Isaac Martin, Itziar Carmona, José María Rodriguez-Barbero, Esperanza Cuadrado, Luis García-Alonso, José Antonio García-Vela
Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare B cell lymphoproliferative disorder that arises predominantly in body cavities causing malignant effusions.The incidence of PEL is very low, accounting for approximately 4% of all HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphomas. PEL has also been described in elderly patients and after solid-organ transplantation. It is associated in all cases with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8). We describe a case of PEL in a 88-year-old HIV-negative woman who presented with progressive dyspnea and moderate right-sided pleural effusion without significate lymphadenopathies or other effusions...
April 18, 2018: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669139/diuretic-or-sodium-restricted-diet-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-randomized-trial
#15
Cintia Zappe Fiori, Denis Martinez, Carolina Caruccio Montanari, Pedro Lopez, Rodrigo Camargo, Lauren Sezerá, Sandro Cadaval Gonçalves, Flavio Danni Fuchs
Study Objectives: Interventions that decrease leg fluid retention reduce obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity in nonrandomized experiments. We aimed to investigate in a randomized trial the effect of interventions that reduce fluid volume on OSA severity. Methods: Men diagnosed with severe OSA were randomized to receive daily spironolactone 100 mg + furosemide 20 mg or nutritional counseling to sodium-restricted diet plus placebo pill or placebo pill. All participants underwent home sleep apnea testing at baseline and after 1 week follow-up...
April 1, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668907/the-mineralocorticoid-receptor-as-a-modulator-of-innate-immunity-and-atherosclerosis
#16
Charlotte D C C van der Heijden, Jaap Deinum, Leo A B Joosten, Mihai G Netea, Niels P Riksen
The mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) is a member of the nuclear receptor steroid-binding family. The classical MR ligand aldosterone controls electrolyte and fluid homeostasis after binding in renal epithelial cells. However, more recent evidence suggests that activation of extrarenal MRs by aldosterone negatively impacts cardiovascular health independent of its effects on blood pressure: high levels of aldosterone associate with an increased cardiovascular event rate, where MR antagonists exert beneficial effects on cardiovascular mortality...
April 16, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668569/osteopontin-levels-in-human-milk-vary-across-countries-and-within-lactation-period-data-from-a-multicenter-study
#17
Signe Bruun, Lotte Neergaard Jacobsen, Xiaolei Ze, Steffen Husby, Hiroshi M Ueno, Keisuke Nojiri, Shunjiro Kobayashi, Jungil Kwon, Xihong Liu, Shuyuan Yan, Jiyeon Yang, Gitte Zachariassen, Liang Chen, Wei Zhou, Brian Christensen, Esben S Sørensen
OBJECTIVES: Osteopontin (OPN) is a multifunctional protein expressed in many cell types, tissues and body fluids with the highest concentrations found in milk; significantly higher in human than in bovine milk. Intervention studies have indicated beneficial effects of supplementing infant formula with bovine OPN. In this multicenter study, we determined the OPN content in human milk samples from 629 Chinese, Danish, Japanese and Korean mothers. METHODS: At each study site, milk samples were collected and analyzed for OPN and protein concentration using ELISA and infrared spectroscopy, respectively...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668049/surgical-management-of-spontaneous-cerebrospinal-fistulas-and-encephaloceles-of-the-temporal-bone
#18
Joe Walter Kutz, Andrew K Johnson, Cameron C Wick
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To describe the presentation, surgical findings, and outcomes in patients with spontaneous temporal bone cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulas and encephaloceles. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients treated for a spontaneous temporal bone CSF fistula and/or encephalocele over a 10-year period was performed. Data recorded included demographic information, presenting signs and symptoms, radiographic and laboratory studies, surgical approach, materials used for repair, surgical complications, and successful closure of the CSF fistula...
April 18, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667069/the-versatile-role-of-exosomes-in-cancer-progression-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-implications
#19
REVIEW
Vignesh Sundararajan, Fazlul H Sarkar, Thamil Selvee Ramasamy
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in cancer biology have highlighted the relevance of exosomes and nanovesicles as carriers of genetic and biological messages between cancer cells and their immediate and/or distant environments. It has been found that these molecular cues may play significant roles in cancer progression and metastasis. Cancer cells secrete exosomes containing diverse molecules that can be transferred to recipient cells and/or vice versa to induce a plethora of biological processes, including angiogenesis, metastasis formation, therapeutic resistance, epithelial-mesenchymal transition and epigenetic/stemness (re)programming...
April 17, 2018: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666210/regulation-and-mechanisms-of-extracellular-vesicle-biogenesis-and-secretion
#20
REVIEW
Crislyn D'Souza-Schorey, Jeffrey S Schorey
EV (extracellular vesicle) biology is a rapidly expanding field. These heterogeneous membrane vesicles, which are shed from virtually all cell types, collectively represent a new dimension of intercellular communication in normal physiology and disease. They have been shown to deliver infectious and pathogenic agents to non-infected cells whereas in cancers they are thought to condition the tumor microenvironment. Their presence in body fluids and inherent capacity for systemic delivery point to their clinical promise...
April 17, 2018: Essays in Biochemistry
keyword
keyword
66340
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"