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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423861/a-digital-framework-to-support-providers-and-patients-in-diabetes-related-behavior-modification
#1
Samina Abidi, Michael Vallis, Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Syed Ali Imran, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
We present Diabetes Web-Centric Information and Support Environment (D-WISE) that features: (a) Decision support tool to assist family physicians to administer Behavior Modification (BM) strategies to patients; and (b) Patient BM application that offers BM strategies and motivational interventions to engage patients. We take a knowledge management approach, using semantic web technologies, to model the social cognition theory constructs, Canadian diabetes guidelines and BM protocols used locally, in terms of a BM ontology that drives the BM decision support to physicians and BM strategy adherence monitoring and messaging to patients...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418431/body-burdens-sources-and-interrelations-of-selected-toxic-and-essential-elements-among-the-nine-cree-first-nations-of-eeyou-istchee-james-bay-region-of-northern-quebec-canada
#2
Evert Nieboer, Ian D Martin, Eric N Liberda, Eric Dewailly, Elizabeth Robinson, Leonard J S Tsuji
BACKGROUND: this article constitutes a report on the comprehensive Nituuchischaayihtitaau Aschii multi-community environment-and-health study conducted among the Cree peoples (Eeyouch) of northern Quebec, Canada. OBJECTIVES: to interpret observed concentrations of a suite of chemical elements in a multi-media biological monitoring study in terms of sources and predictors. METHODS: the concentrations of 5 essential and 6 toxic chemical elements were measured in whole blood, and/or in urine or hair by ICP-MS...
April 18, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413224/selecting-and-training-opinion-leaders-and-best-practice-collaborators-experience-from-the-canadian-chiropractic-guideline-initiative
#3
André E Bussières, Michele Maiers, Diane Grondin, Simon Brockhusen
OBJECTIVES: To describe the process for selecting and training chiropractic opinion leaders (OLs) and best practice collaborators (BPCs) to increase the uptake of best practice. METHODS: In Phase 1, OLs were identified using a cross-sectional survey among Canadian chiropractic stakeholders. A 10-member committee ranked nominees. Top-ranked nominees were invited to a training workshop. In Phase 2, a national e-survey was administered to 7200 Canadian chiropractors to identify additional OLs and BPCs...
March 2017: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413042/no-329-canadian-contraception-consensus-part-4-of-4-chapter-9-combined-hormonal-contraception
#4
Amanda Black, Edith Guilbert, Dustin Costescu, Sheila Dunn, William Fisher, Sari Kives, Melissa Mirosh, Wendy V Norman, Helen Pymar, Robert Reid, Geneviève Roy, Hannah Varto, Ashley Waddington, Marie-Soleil Wagner, Anne Marie Whelan
OBJECTIVE: To provide guidelines for health care providers on the use of contraceptive methods to prevent pregnancy and on the promotion of healthy sexuality. OUTCOMES: Overall efficacy of cited contraceptive methods, assessing reduction in pregnancy rate, safety, and side effects; the effect of cited contraceptive methods on sexual health and general well-being; and the availability of cited contraceptive methods in Canada. EVIDENCE: Medline and the Cochrane Database were searched for articles in English on subjects related to contraception, sexuality, and sexual health from January 1994 to December 2015 in order to update the Canadian Contraception Consensus published February-April 2004...
April 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411513/contamination-source-identification-and-risk-assessment-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-in-the-soils-of-vegetable-greenhouses-in-shandong-china
#5
Chao Chai, Qiqi Cheng, Juan Wu, Lusheng Zeng, Qinghua Chen, Xiangwei Zhu, Dong Ma, Wei Ge
The concentrations of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were analyzed in soil (n=196) and vegetable (n=30) collected from greenhouses, and also in the soil (n=27) collected from agriculture fields close to the greenhouses in Shandong Province, China. The total PAH concentration (∑16PAH) ranged from 152.2µg/kg to 1317.7µg/kg, within the moderate range in agricultural soils of China. Three-ring PAHs were the dominant species, with Phe (16.3%), Ace (13.1%), and Fl (10.5%) as the major compounds. The concentrations of low molecular weight (LMW ≤3 rings) PAHs were high in the east and north of Shandong, while the concentrations of high molecular weight (HMW ≥4 rings) PAHs were high in the south and west of the study area...
April 12, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410881/patterns-policy-and-appropriateness-a-12-year-utilization-review-of-blood-glucose-test-strip-use-in-insulin-users
#6
Jamie Falk, Kevin J Friesen, Anuoluwapo Okunnu, Shawn Bugden
OBJECTIVES: Considerable attention has been paid to the rising costs of the use of blood glucose test strips (BGTS). Insulin users have generally been treated as a single homogeneous group, resulting in policies that cap usage (8.2 strips/day) in provincial drug insurance programs. The objective of this study was to conduct a utilization review of BGTS by insulin users and to evaluate use patterns against current insulin use patterns and BGTS policy. METHODS: BGTS usage was examined in a cohort of insulin users with type 1 and type 2 diabetes over a 12-year period (2001 to 2013) using the population-based administrative data in Manitoba, Canada...
April 11, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408054/radiation-therapy-quality-indicators-for-invasive-breast-cancer
#7
Lara Best, Catherine de Metz, Ivo A Olivotto, Isabelle Roy, Tim Whelan, Julie Arsenault, Michael Brundage
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Radiation therapy (RT) for breast cancer has evolved considerably over the past two decades. A concise list of optimal care indexes is lacking. The purpose of this project was to generate a suite of quality of care indicators for breast cancer RT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A modified Delphi approach was used including a comprehensive literature and guideline review (1995-2015), an initial review of potential quality indicators (QIs) by a steering committee, a survey of Canadian Radiation Oncologists, and a face-to-face consensus development meeting with breast cancer experts to develop a list of breast RT quality indicators...
April 10, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406360/comparing-alcohol-marketing-and-alcohol-warning-message-policies-across-canada
#8
Ashley Wettlaufer, Samantha N Cukier, Norman Giesbrecht
BACKGROUND: In order to reduce harms from alcohol, evidence-based policies are to be introduced and sustained. OBJECTIVES: To facilitate the dissemination of policies that reduce alcohol-related harms by documenting, comparing, and sharing information on effective alcohol polices related to restrictions on alcohol marketing and alcohol warning messaging in 10 Canadian provinces. METHODS: Team members developed measurable indicators to assess policies on (a) restrictions on alcohol marketing, and (b) alcohol warning messaging...
April 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401142/comprehensive-survey-of-household-radon-gas-levels-and-risk-factors-in-southern-alberta
#9
Fintan K T Stanley, Siavash Zarezadeh, Colin D Dumais, Karin Dumais, Renata MacQueen, Fiona Clement, Aaron A Goodarzi
BACKGROUND: The inhalation of naturally occurring radon (222Rn) gas from indoor air exposes lung tissue to α-particle bombardment, a highly mutagenic form of ionizing radiation that damages DNA and increases the lifetime risk of lung cancer. We analyzed household radon concentrations and risk factors in southern Alberta, including Calgary, the third-largest Canadian metropolis. METHODS: A total of 2382 residential homes (2018 in Calgary and 364 in surrounding townships) from an area encompassing 82% of the southern Alberta population were tested for radon, per Health Canada guidelines, for at least 90 days (median 103 d) between 2013 and 2016...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401140/the-canadian-minimum-dataset-for-chronic-low-back-pain-research-a-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-national-institutes-of-health-task-force-research-standards
#10
Anaïs Lacasse, Jean-Sébastien Roy, Alexandre J Parent, Nioushah Noushi, Chúk Odenigbo, Gabrielle Pagé, Nicolas Beaudet, Manon Choinière, Laura S Stone, Mark A Ware
BACKGROUND: To better standardize clinical and epidemiological studies about the prevalence, risk factors, prognosis, impact and treatment of chronic low back pain, a minimum data set was developed by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Task Force on Research Standards for Chronic Low Back Pain. The aim of the present study was to develop a culturally adapted questionnaire that could be used for chronic low back pain research among French-speaking populations in Canada. METHODS: The adaptation of the French Canadian version of the minimum data set was achieved according to guidelines for the cross-cultural adaptation of self-reported measures (double forward-backward translation, expert committee, pretest among 35 patients with pain in the low back region)...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401132/comparing-diagnostic-classification-of-neurobehavioral-disorder-associated-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-with-the-canadian-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-guidelines-a-cohort-study
#11
James L Sanders, Rebecca E Hudson Breen, Nicole Netelenbos
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic criteria have recently been introduced in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5), for neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE). The purpose of this study is to assess the classification of this condition using the Canadian fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) multidisciplinary diagnostic guidelines as the standard of comparison. First, classification of ND-PAE was compared with Canadian FASD diagnoses of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), partial FAS and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401129/circulating-concentrations-and-relative-percent-composition-of-trans-fatty-acids-in-healthy-canadian-young-adults-between-2004-and-2010-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Salma A Abdelmagid, Daiva E Nielsen, Alaa Badawi, Ahmed El-Sohemy, David M Mutch, David W L Ma
BACKGROUND: Trans fatty acids (TFAs) produced from industrial partial hydrogenation of vegetable oils have been the subject of much research regarding their negative effect on the development of chronic diseases, and recommendations to label foods with partially hydrogenated vegetable oils and limit their levels were introduced in Canada in 2003 and 2007, respectively. Our aim was to determine temporal changes in circulating plasma TFAs in a population of young healthy Canadian adults after the introduction of the guidelines...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401121/sex-and-gender-considerations-in-canadian-clinical-practice-guidelines-a-systematic-review
#13
Cara Tannenbaum, Barbara Clow, Margaret Haworth-Brockman, Patrice Voss
BACKGROUND: The importance of sex and gender in the diagnosis and management of health conditions is well established, but the extent to which this evidence is integrated into clinical practice guidelines remains unknown. We aimed to determine the proportion of Canadian clinical practice guidelines that integrate evidence on sex and gender considerations. METHODS: We searched the Canadian Medical Association's CPG Infobase, PubMed, all provincial/territorial websites and websites of professional organizations for English- and French-language Canadian clinical practice guidelines published between January 2013 and June 2015 on selected conditions identified as priorities by policy-makers and practitioners...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396329/outcomes-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-diagnosed-with-or-without-pulmonary-function-testing
#14
Andrea Gershon, Graham Mecredy, Ruth Croxford, Teresa To, Matthew B Stanbrook, Shawn D Aaron
BACKGROUND: A small number of people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) receive pulmonary function testing around the time of diagnosis. Because omitting testing increases misdiagnosis, we sought to determine whether health outcomes differed between patients whose COPD was diagnosed with or without pulmonary function testing. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal population study of patients with physician-diagnosed COPD from 2005 to 2012 using health administrative data from Ontario, Canada...
April 10, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395815/erratum-to-pharmacologic-management-of-type-2-diabetes-2016-interim-update-canadian-journal-of-diabetes-2016-40-484-6
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393670/confounding-brain-stem-function-during-pediatric-brain-death-determination-two-case-reports
#16
Gregory Hansen, Ari R Joffe
A patient who has been declared brain dead is considered to be both legally and clinically dead. However, we report 2 pediatric cases in which the patients demonstrated clinical signs of brain stem function that are not recognized or tested in current Canadian or US guidelines.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391137/measuring-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-eye-care-services-among-patients-with-diabetes-in-alberta-canada-1995-2009
#17
Jongnam Hwang, Christopher Rudnisky, Sarah Bowen, Jeffrey A Johnson
AIMS: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of blindness in Canada. Despite established comprehensive guidelines for routine DR screening, the rate of provision of diabetic eye care services by ophthalmologists in Alberta decreased in past years. The aim of this study was to examine socioeconomic status (SES)-related inequalities in the use of eye care services for patients with diabetes in Alberta, Canada. METHODS: We used data from the Alberta Diabetes Surveillance System (ADSS), including visits to ophthalmologists over a 15-year period (1995-2009)...
February 23, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385575/intersecting-worlds-of-transfusion-and-transplantation-medicine-an-international-symposium-organized-by-the-canadian-blood-services-centre-for-innovation
#18
REVIEW
Kendra M Hodgkinson, Jeffrey Kiernan, Andrew W Shih, Ziad Solh, William P Sheffield, Nicolas Pineault
The principal theme of the symposium was centered on how the world of regenerative medicine intersects with that of transfusion medicine, with a particular focus on hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and stem cell therapies. The symposium highlighted several exciting developments and identified areas where additional research is needed. A revised map of human hematopoietic hierarchy was presented based on the functional and phenotypic analysis of thousands of single stem and progenitor cells from adult bone marrow and fetal liver...
March 22, 2017: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380614/management-practices-associated-with-pain-in-cattle-on-western-canadian-cow-calf-operations-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
M A Moggy, E A Pajor, W E Thurston, S Parker, A M Greter, K S Schwartzkopf-Genswein, J R Campbell, M C Windeyer
The implementation of on-farm pain mitigation strategies is dependent on feasibility and importance to producers. Currently, there is a lack of information regarding adoption of management practices associated with pain in cattle within the Canadian beef industry. The objective of this mixed methods study was to describe pain-associated practices implemented on farm and producer perceptions toward pain mitigation strategies. A questionnaire about calving management and calf processing was delivered to 109 cow-calf producers in western Canada...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379024/-comments-on-current-guidelines-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-treatment
#20
Emil Martinka
In an effort to facilitate the widest possible application of recent findings in diabetology and the related medical fields, with regard to characteristics of medicines and current possibilities of using modern procedures, but also to their limitations due to the financial capacities of health insurance companies, SDS innovates its therapeutic recommendations for the treatment of diabetes mellitus on a regular basis. The most recent recommendations were issued by SDS in August 2016. The review discusses and describes several factors which the authors considered during their preparation: (1) Compliance with the findings of evidence-based medicine, compliance with reference recommendations (therapeutic recommendations ADA/EASD), compliance with summary characteristics of active substances in the treatment of diabetes mellitus and approved possibilities of their use, and compliance with indica-tive restrictions (IO) which define medical and economic conditions for health insurance covered treatment...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
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