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Psychosomatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653567/parental-health-and-psychosomatic-symptoms-in-preschool-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-scania-sweden
#1
Marie Köhler, Maria Emmelin, Maria Rosvall
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the association between parental self-rated health and recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) in preschool children. METHODS: A questionnaire, including questions about sociodemographic and psychosocial factors, lifestyle, parental and child health, was sent to parents of all 4-year-old children in Scania, Sweden. The response rate was 43.6%. The outcome was RAP and the main exposure was parental self-rated health (SRH). Covariates included sociodemographic, lifestyle and psychosocial factors...
June 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649999/-the-relationship-between-emotional-labor-and-professional-burnout-a-comparative-analysis-between-work-of-teachers-and-employees-of-commercial-service-sector
#2
Agnieszka Springer, Karolina Oleksa
BACKGROUND: Nowadays more and more employees are required to perform emotional labor (EL) which means that they need to express emotions set by the organizational procedures, simultaneously masking the true feelings. Employees, while performing emotional labor, choose between one of the two strategies (surface acting or deep acting) and this leads to e.g., burnout. As the performance of emotional labor and its consequences depend on the specification of work and chosen strategy, it was assumed that the consequences of EL may be different for workers in various occupations...
June 26, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636579/regeneration-orientation-is-better-than-resistance-orientation-in-behaviour-activation-results-from-an-intervention-study-with-psychosomatic-patients
#3
Josephine Otto, Michael Linden
The meaning of positive activities in mental health is widely known and found its entrance in therapeutically and empirical work. It also found it's entrance to current therapeutic developments. Different strategies for assessment and promotion of activity level exist. Patients were acquired from a department of psychosomatic medicine in a German rehabilitation center and randomly allocated to two treatment groups ("regeneration" vs "resistance" group). Data from 62 patients in the regeneration group and 65 patients in the resistance group was compared with 43 patients who received a "treatment as usual"...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630646/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-psychosomatic-problems-in-dental-settings
#4
REVIEW
Hirofumi Matsuoka, Itsuo Chiba, Yuji Sakano, Akira Toyofuku, Yoshihiro Abiko
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been applied for various problems, including psychiatric diseases such as depression and anxiety, and for physical symptoms such as pain. It has also been applied for dental problems. Although the effect of CBTs on temporomandibular disorders and dental anxiety are well documented, its effectiveness on other types of oral symptoms remain unclear. Little information comparing the different types of CBTs in the dental setting is currently available. Because dental professionals are often expected to conduct CBTs in the dental setting, it is important to develop proper training programs for dental professionals...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629285/acute-movement-disorders-in-the-medical-setting
#5
Ifrah Zawar, Mario A Caro, Lara Feldman, Xavier F Jimenez
Objective Psychosomatic medicine psychiatrists are often tasked with the evaluation and treatment of complex neuropsychiatric states which may be motoric in phenotype. Little energy has been dedicated to understanding acute movement disorders in the hospital environment. Method Recognizing the importance of frontal-subcortical (corticostriatothalamocortical) circuitry and basal ganglia structures, we present a case series of acute movement disorder phenotypes resulting from underlying medical conditions, commonly-administered medications, or the interaction of both...
July 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628385/serious-games-for-psychotherapy-a-systematic-review
#6
Christiane Eichenberg, Markus Schott
INTRODUCTION: In the evolving digital age, media applications are increasingly playing a greater role in the field of psychotherapy. While the Internet is already in the phase of being established when it comes to the care of mental disorders, experimentation is going on with other modern media such as serious games. A serious game is a game in which education and behavior change is the goal, alongside with entertainment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present article was to provide a first empirical overview of serious games applied to psychotherapy and psychosomatic rehabilitation...
June 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622821/the-therapeutic-discharge-an-approach-to-dealing-with-deceptive-patients
#7
John B Taylor, Scott R Beach, Nicholas Kontos
OBJECTIVE: Patients with factitious disorder or malingering behaviors pose particular problems in acute care settings. We sought to describe a manner to effectively discharge these patients and keep further harm, iatrogenic or otherwise, from being inflicted. METHOD: Once an indication has been identified, the therapeutic discharge can be carried out in a stepwise fashion, resulting in a safe discharge. We outlined how to prepare for, and execute, the therapeutic discharge, along with preemptive consideration of complications that may arise...
May 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620698/potential-disease-biomarkers-dipeptidyl-peptidase-4-and-fibroblast-activation-protein
#8
REVIEW
Roger Yazbeck, Simone E Jaenisch, Catherine A Abbott
The importance of the dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) gene family in regulating critical biochemical pathways continues to emerge. The two most well-studied members of the family, DPP4 and fibroblast activation protein (FAP), have been investigated both as therapeutic targets for disease and as diagnostic biomarkers. The interest in DPP4 and FAP as potential disease biomarkers has been driven primarily by observations of altered expression profiles in inflammatory diseases and cancer. Furthermore, the stability and persistence of soluble DPP4 and FAP in the serum make them attractive candidate serology markers...
June 16, 2017: Protoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619481/computational-psychosomatics-and-computational-psychiatry-toward-a-joint-framework-for-differential-diagnosis
#9
REVIEW
Frederike H Petzschner, Lilian A E Weber, Tim Gard, Klaas E Stephan
This article outlines how a core concept from theories of homeostasis and cybernetics, the inference-control loop, may be used to guide differential diagnosis in computational psychiatry and computational psychosomatics. In particular, we discuss 1) how conceptualizing perception and action as inference-control loops yields a joint computational perspective on brain-world and brain-body interactions and 2) how the concrete formulation of this loop as a hierarchical Bayesian model points to key computational quantities that inform a taxonomy of potential disease mechanisms...
May 25, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618419/addictive-potential-of-internet-applications-and-differential-correlates-of-problematic-use-in-internet-gamers-versus-generalized-internet-users-in-a-representative-sample-of-adolescents
#10
Tabea Rosenkranz, Kai W Müller, Michael Dreier, Manfred E Beutel, Klaus Wölfling
AIMS: This paper examines the addictive potential of 8 different Internet applications, distinguishing male and female users. Moreover, differential correlates of problematic use are investigated in Internet gamers (IG) and generalized Internet users (GIU). METHOD: In a representative sample of 5,667 adolescents aged 12-19 years, use of Internet applications, problematic Internet use, psychopathologic symptoms (emotional problems, hyperactivity/inattention, and psychosomatic complaints), personality (conscientiousness and extraversion), psychosocial correlates (perceived stress and self-efficacy), and coping strategies were assessed...
June 16, 2017: European Addiction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617252/patient-physician-alliance-from-hippocrates-to-post-genomic-era-commentary
#11
Simonetta Pulciani, Domenica Taruscio
Patients need clinical competence, appropriate diagnosis and therapies in overcoming their disease. Yet this is insufficient. The illness experience tends to frighten people and the resulting emotional aspects could become relevant factors in coping with a sickness and disability. Hippocrates was the first to urge physicians to look beyond the physical features of diseases and to consider the patient as a unique psychosomatic entity. Additionally, the scientist spurred physicians to make the patient an active participant in combating the disease...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616666/the-role-of-psychosomatic-medicine-in-intensive-care-units
#12
REVIEW
Heidemarie Abrahamian, Diana Lebherz-Eichinger
Critically ill patients, their relatives, and intensive care staff are consistently exposed to stress. The principal elements of this exceptional burden are confrontation with a life-threatening disease, specific environmental conditions at the intensive care unit, and the social characteristics of intensive care medicine. The short- and long-term consequences of these stressors include a feeling of helplessness, distress, anxiety, depression, and even posttraumatic stress disorders. Not only the patients, but also their relatives and intensive care staff are at risk of developing such psychopathologies...
June 14, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604084/an-initial-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-german-promis-v1-2-physical-function-item-bank-in-patients-with-a-wide-range-of-health-conditions
#13
Gregor Liegl, Matthias Rose, Helena Correia, H Felix Fischer, Sibel Kanlidere, Annett Mierke, Alexander Obbarius, Sandra Nolte
OBJECTIVES: To translate the PROMIS Physical Function (PF) item bank version 1.2 into German and to investigate psychometric properties of resulting full bank and seven derived short forms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional psychometric study. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient clinics of the Department of Psychosomatic Medicine at Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany. SUBJECTS: A total of 10 adult patients with various chronic diseases participated in cognitive debriefing interviews...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601847/incidence-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-chronic-fatigue-following-gi-infection-a-population-level-study-using-routinely-collected-claims-data
#14
Ewan Donnachie, Antonius Schneider, Michael Mehring, Paul Enck
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the occurrence of postinfectious IBS in routine outpatient care, comparing different types of GI infection and its interaction with psychosomatic comorbidity. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using routinely collected claims data covering statutorily insured patients in Bavaria, Germany. Cases were defined as patients without prior record of functional intestinal disorder with a first-time diagnosis of GI infection between January 2005 and December 2013 and classed according to the type of infection...
June 10, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601133/assessment-and-management-of-toxidromes-in-the-critical-care-unit
#15
REVIEW
J J Rasimas, Courtney M Sinclair
The most important diagnostic factor in uncovering a toxic etiology for delirium or critical illness is the clinician's openness to the possibility of its existence. Therefore, a consulting psychiatrist, already prepared to perform the detail-oriented work of sorting out behavioral manifestations of disease, can be a vital asset at the bedside if also attuned to the role of purposeful, accidental, and iatrogenic exposures in the intensive care unit. This article summarizes the presentation, evaluation, and treatment of toxidromes relevant to the work of acute psychosomatic medicine...
July 2017: Critical Care Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601000/themes-and-trends-in-intentional-self-poisoning-perspectives-from-critical-care-toxicology
#16
J J Rasimas, Erica E Smolcic, Courtney M Sinclair
This research investigated the substances employed by and experiences of patients who come to acute treatment after self-poisoning. A retrospective search of the Toxicology Investigators Consortium Registry was performed to characterize a large cohort of patients. A detailed prospective study of one inpatient toxicology service was also conducted. Patients chose readily available agents for self-poisoning. Most cases involved at least one substance that affects the central nervous system (CNS). The majority were prescription psychotropics and narcotics...
June 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591393/the-relationship-between-the-first-world-war-and-neurology-100-years-of-shell-shock
#17
José Luiz Pedroso, Stefanie C Linden, Orlando G Barsottini, Péricles Maranhão, Andrew J Lees
The First World War was a global war, beginning on 28 July 1914, until 11 November 1918. Soon after the beginning of the war, there was an "epidemic" of neurological conversion symptoms. Soldiers on both sides started to present in large numbers with neurological symptoms, such as dizziness, tremor, paraplegia, tinnitus, amnesia, weakness, headache and mutism of psychosomatic origin. This condition was known as shell shock, or "war neurosis". Because medically unexplained symptoms remain a major challenge, and considering the close relationship of symptoms described in shell shock with clinical neurology, we should study their history in order to improve future care...
May 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580023/do-work-beliefs-moderate-the-relationship-between-work-interruptions-wellbeing-and-psychosomatic-symptoms
#18
Zoi E Zoupanou, Leif W Rydstedt
The purpose of this study was to explore the moderating effects of work beliefs in the relationship between work interruptions and general health, wellbeing and reports of psychosomatic symptoms. Self-report data were gathered from 310 employees from different occupational sectors. Results revealed that beliefs in hard work and morality ethic moderated the positive appraisal of work interruptions and acted as protective factors on impaired general health and wellbeing. The relationship was stronger among employees who endorsed strong beliefs in hard work and did not have regard for morality/ethics as a value...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575559/-syndrome-of-emotional-burnout-among-women-physicians-elderly
#19
V S Myakotnykh, T A Borovkova
The article presents the results of a comparative study of clinical symptoms of syndrome of emotional burnout among 84 working in the specialty physician of older women and 48 officially ceasing operations in this specialty. The findings suggest that burnout can take place among representatives of older age and more it is continued, provided professional activities. The cessation of the work activities leads to stress, often with the subsequent development post-traumatic stress disorder and stress-induced diseases...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572787/childhood-depression-relation-to-adaptive-clinical-and-predictor-variables
#20
Maite Garaigordobil, Elena Bernarás, Joana Jaureguizar, Juan M Machimbarrena
The study had two goals: (1) to explore the relations between self-assessed childhood depression and other adaptive and clinical variables (2) to identify predictor variables of childhood depression. Participants were 420 students aged 7-10 years old (53.3% boys, 46.7% girls). Results revealed: (1) positive correlations between depression and clinical maladjustment, school maladjustment, emotional symptoms, internalizing and externalizing problems, problem behaviors, emotional reactivity, and childhood stress; and (2) negative correlations between depression and personal adaptation, global self-concept, social skills, and resilience (sense of competence and affiliation)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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