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Psychosomatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820022/self-reported-school-demands-and-psychosomatic-problems-among-adolescents-changes-in-the-association-between-1988-and-2011
#1
Karina Nygren, Curt Hagquist
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to examine changes over time in the relationship between self-reported school demands and psychosomatic problems, also considering the impact of student influence and teacher support. METHODS: Data from a cross-sectional study (Young in Värmland) including eight data collections (1988-2011) among Swedish students aged 15-16 were used ( n = 20,115). Analyses with multinomial logistic regression and descriptive statistics were applied...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806845/-effectivity-of-inpatient-psychosomatic-treatment-results-of-a-naturalistic-two-year-survey-in-a-psychosomatic-service-at-a-general-hospital
#2
Juan Valdés-Stauber, Alexander Fuchs, Sören Reiner, Susanne Bachthaler
Background Hospital psychosomatic treatment matches care expectations of a modern society. Evidence of its effectiveness through investigation in different settings is of importance because of prominent role of psychotherapy in German Healthcare System. Objective First, to explore whether clinical as well as personal resources could improve significantly due to a hospital psychosomatic treatment. Second, to assess possible associations between outcome variables and other variables from the multidimensional profile of the sample...
August 14, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806572/globalization-of-psychosomatic-medicine
#3
EDITORIAL
James J Strain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806202/alzheimer-s-disease-caregiver-s-health-and-important-resources-next-steps-in-intervention-research
#4
Kharah M Ross, Judith E Carroll
In this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, Mausbach and colleagues report that Alzheimer's disease (AD) caregivers who engage in more pleasant leisure activities had lower blood pressure over 5 years compared to those who engage in fewer leisure activities. This novel finding suggests that something as simple as taking more walks in the park or more time for reading books could protect the physical health of caregivers. In this editorial, we review possible mechanisms linking pleasant leisure activities with lower blood pressure in caregivers, and discuss potential barriers that prevent caregivers from engaging in pleasant leisure activities...
August 11, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800653/-anniversary-celebration-of-the-german-society-of-psychiatry-psychotherapy-psychosomatics-and-neuropsychiatry-dgppn-175-years-of-psychiatric-associations-in-germany
#5
Fritz Hohagen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791577/-barbie-doll-syndrome-a-case-report-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#6
Maria Gruber, Rebecca Jahn, Karin Stolba, Michael Ossege
BACKGROUND: This case report aims to present a 37-year-old women striving to shape her body like a Barbie doll of which she has been fascinated since childhood. She could hardly tolerate any deviation from this beauty ideal. She has been admitted to the psychosomatic ward due to an eating disorder. METHODS: The ICD-10 and DSM-5 criteria were established for axis I disorders and the German version of the SCID II interview (for DSM-4) was applied for axis II disorders...
August 8, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776213/-standards-for-treatment-in-forensic-committment-according-to-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-63-and-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-64-of-the-german-criminal-code-interdisciplinary-task-force-of-the-dgppn
#7
REVIEW
J L Müller, N Saimeh, P Briken, S Eucker, K Hoffmann, M Koller, T Wolf, M Dudeck, C Hartl, A-K Jakovljevic, V Klein, G Knecht, R Müller-Isberner, J Muysers, K Schiltz, D Seifert, A Simon, H Steinböck, W Stuckmann, W Weissbeck, C Wiesemann, R Zeidler
People who have been convicted of a crime due to a severe mental disorder and continue to be dangerous as a result of this disorder may be placed in a forensic psychiatric facility for improvement and safeguarding according to § 63 and § 64 of the German Criminal Code (StGB). In Germany, approximately 9000 patients are treated in clinics for forensic psychiatry and psychotherapy on the basis of § 63 of the StGB and in withdrawal centers on the basis of § 64 StGB. The laws for treatment of patients in forensic commitment are passed by the individual States, with the result that even the basic conditions differ in the individual States...
August 3, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776212/-use-of-social-media-by-psychiatric-in-patients-case-report-and-further-perspectives
#8
O M Czech, K Podoll, F Schneider
Communication by means of social networks and messenger programs as well as the use of smartphones have rapidly increased during recent years and are constantly present in everyday life. We report about a 25-year-old patient with a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder who posted photographs of acute self-injuries to a group of fellow patients by means of a messenger app while on weekend leave during psychiatric hospital treatment. The implications about possible effects of the use of social media by psychiatric in-patients on treatment and group dynamics are discussed...
August 3, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763584/s2k-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chronic-pruritus-update-short-version
#9
Sonja Ständer, Claudia Zeidler, Matthias Augustin, Gudrun Bayer, Andreas E Kremer, Franz J Legat, Peter Maisel, Thomas Mettang, Martin Metz, Alexander Nast, Volker Niemeier, Ulrike Raap, Gudrun Schneider, Hartmut F Ständer, Petra Staubach, Markus Streit, Elke Weisshaar
Associated with a host of different diseases, pruritus is a cardinal symptom that poses an interdisciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Over time, that symptom may progress independently of the initial cause, thus losing its function as a warning sign and turning into a clinically relevant disease of its own. In Germany, approximately 13.5 % of the general population are affected by chronic pruritus, with an incidence of 7 %. All forms of chronic pruritus require targeted treatment consisting of (a) diagnosis and management of the underlying disease, (b) dermatological treatment of primary or secondary (for example, dry skin, scratch lesions) symptoms, (c) symptomatic antipruritic treatment, and (d) psychological/psychotherapeutic treatment in case of an underlying or associated psychological or psychosomatic condition...
August 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761371/dissatisfaction-with-own-body-makes-patients-with-eating-disorders-more-sensitive-to-pain
#10
Anna Yamamotova, Josef Bulant, Vaclav Bocek, Hana Papezova
Body image represents a multidimensional concept including body image evaluation and perception of body appearance. Disturbances of body image perception are considered to be one of the central aspects of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. There is growing evidence that body image distortion can be associated with changes in pain perception. The aim of our study was to examine the associations between body image perception, body dissatisfaction, and nociception in women with eating disorders and age-matched healthy control women...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745667/-prevention-and-correction-of-cognitive-dysfunction-after-general-anesthesia
#11
A Yu Novikov, V A Kovalev, N V Vinichuk, Yu A Chernyh, I E Golub, L V Sorokina
AIM: To evaluate clinical efficacy of intraoperative use of cytoflavin in the prevention and correction of cognitive functions in surgical patients with no history of neurological and psychosomatic disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 60 female patients who underwent surgery on the thyroid gland. Patients were stratified into two equal groups matched for main indices. Patients of the main group received infusions of cytoflavin (20 ml in 200 ml of 5% glucose solution)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744775/-bio-psycho-socio-or-psychotherapeutic-medicine-actual-development-of-psychosomatics-in-clinical-practice
#12
Hans-Christian Deter
In Germany a model of Psychosomatic Medicine has developed, which integrated several psychotherapeutic methods in clinical practice. The concept, which focused on disease mechanisms in the human body and the interaction between diseased individuals and their environment became a basic psychosomatic research strategy and was imlemented in medical care. In this paper the result of a psychosomatic development in clinical health care and research and possible deficiences are described. Perspectives of development and future tasks of Psychosomatic Medicine will be reviewed...
July 25, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744243/the-odyssey-of-dental-anxiety-from-prehistory-to-the-present-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Enrico Facco, Gastone Zanette
Dental anxiety (DA) can be considered as a universal phenomenon with a high prevalence worldwide; DA and pain are also the main causes for medical emergencies in the dental office, so their prevention is an essential part of patient safety and overall quality of care. Being DA and its consequences closely related to the fight-or-flight reaction, it seems reasonable to argue that the odyssey of DA began way back in the distant past, and has since probably evolved in parallel with the development of fight-or-flight reactions, implicit memory and knowledge, and ultimately consciousness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742808/self-help-guidebook-improved-quality-of-life-for-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#14
Antonius Schneider, Stefanie Rosenberger, Johanna Bobardt, Jessica Bungartz-Catak, Oxana Atmann, Bernhard Haller, Anne Kennedy, Paul Enck
BACKGROUND: The primary aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of a comprehensive self-help guidebook on the disease related quality of life for patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The secondary aim was to evaluate whether the guidebook is less effective in IBS patients with depression, somatization disorder or panic disorder as a psychiatric comorbidity. METHODS: Prospective observational study. At baseline (t1), patients filled in the ´Functional Digestive Disorders Quality of Life´ (FDDQL) questionnaire and received the IBS guidebook together with an explanation of its content and use...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740430/a-systematic-literature-review-exploring-the-prevalence-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-the-role-played-by-stress-and-traumatic-stress-in-breast-cancer-diagnosis-and-trajectory
#15
REVIEW
Paola Arnaboldi, Silvia Riva, Chiara Crico, Gabriella Pravettoni
Stress has been extensively studied as a psychosomatic factor associated with breast cancer. This study aims to review the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), its associated risk factors, the role of predicting factors for its early diagnosis/prevention, the implications for co-treatment, and the potential links by which stress could impact cancer risk, by closely examining the literature on breast cancer survivors. The authors systematically reviewed studies published from 2002 to 2016 pertaining to PTSD, breast cancer and PTSD, and breast cancer and stress...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721578/preventive-chair-massage-with-algometry-to-maintain-psychosomatic-balance-in-white-collar-workers
#16
Anna Cabak, Mirosław Mikicin, Marek Łyp, Iwona Stanisławska, Ryszard Kaczor, Wiesław Tomaszewski
People working at computers often suffer from overload-related muscle pain, and physical and mental discomfort. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of chair massage, conducted in the workplace among white-collar workers, in relieving symptoms of musculoskeletal strain related to prolonged sitting posture. The study was conducted in 124 white-collar workers, 55 women and 69 men, aged 33.7 ± 7.6 years. Subjects were randomly assigned to three groups: chair massage program, relaxing music sessions, and a control group, each of four-week duration...
July 19, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718601/-interest-of-a-psychosomatic-approach-two-example-of-what-might-be-concealed-behind-gynecological-symptoms
#17
Noémi Deslex-Zaïontz, Éliane Perrin, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli
Two situations found in everyday gynecological practice demonstrate how a trustworthy doctor-patient relationship is built. This relationship helps to uncover what is concealed behind physical symptoms, which can perturb daily life (couple, social, family life) beyond a purely medical approach. To understand what is really happening rarely leads to a rapid solution. A stable chronicity that does not involve too many treatments, including surgical ones, can already be considered a success.
March 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718052/zen-and-the-art-of-living-mindfully-the-health-enhancing-potential-of-zen-aesthetics
#18
T Lomas, N Etcoff, W Van Gordon, E Shonin
Amidst the burgeoning enthusiasm for mindfulness in the West, there is a concern that the largely secular 'de-contextualized' way in which it is being harnessed is denuding it of its potential to improve health and well-being. As such, efforts are underway to 're-contextualize' mindfulness, explicitly drawing on the wider framework of Buddhist ideas and practices in which it was initially developed. This paper aims to contribute to this, doing so by focusing on Zen Buddhism, and in particular on Zen aesthetic principles...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713077/-burnout-syndrome-among-physiotherapists
#19
Krzysztof Owczarek, Stanisław Wojtowicz, Witold Pawłowski, Dariusz Białoszewski
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a reduced sense of personal accomplishment. Symptoms of burnout include mental and physical exhaustion, accompanied by psychosomatic disorders and emotional problems. Burnout occurs most often in people employed in occupations requiring working with people (human services) as a result of coping with stress and experience numerous failures at work. The aim of the research is the analysis of burnout among physiotherapists and demographic factors and conditions that may contribute to the burnout...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709172/-irritable-bowel-syndrom-disection-of-a-disease-a-13-steps-polemic
#20
Paul Enck, Thomas Frieling, Michael Schemann
The last 35 years (since about 1985) have produced a vast amount of scientific publications with respect to the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), but no real progress: The etiology and pathogenesis of IBS is still incompletely understood, and diagnosis and therapy is left to the individual understanding of the treating physicians in general medicine, gastroenterology and psychosomatic/psychiatry. In this gloss, three prominent representatives of neurogastroenterology in Germany assess their own contributions and those of their colleagues and lament the huge gap between ambitions and reality in clinical and basic science in IBS...
July 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
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