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Psychosomatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937468/psychogenic-low-back-pain-and-hysterical-paralysis-in-adolescence
#1
Tsukasa Kanchiku, Hidenori Suzuki, Yasuaki Imajo, Yuichiro Yoshida, Norihiro Nishida, Toshihiko Taguchi
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes in adolescents diagnosed with psychogenic low-back pain and hysterical paralysis and to evaluate the efficacy of differential diagnosis methods. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The incidence of low-back pain in adolescence is similar to that in adults, but the causes of low-back pain are difficult to determine in most cases. For these patients, a definitive diagnosis of psychogenic low-back pain and hysterical paralysis as well as adequate treatment are clinically important to avoid unnecessary surgical treatment...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937377/levels-of-interleukins-2-6-8-and-10-in-patients-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#2
Shaileshkumar R Patel, Anshul Singh, Vatsala Misra, Sri Prakash Misra, Manisha Dwivedi, Pawan Trivedi
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) was previously considered as a psychosomatic disorder. But recent studies indicate that inflammation plays a significant role. The present study was undertaken to evaluate role of pro-inflammatory (IL 2, IL 6 and IL 8) and anti-inflammatory (IL 10) cytokines in clinically diagnosed patients of IBS. 51 patients and 29 controls were included in this study. On the basis of history of gastrointestinal infection, patients were divided into Post Infectious (PIIBS) and Non Post Infectious (NPIIBS) groups...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933101/-discussion-on-relevant-theories-of-qi-blood-shen-and-formula-implication-of-guan-xin-jing-capsule
#3
Rui-Ping Li, Guo-Hua Yu, Jun-Fang Li, Shi-Huan Tang
In the field of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM),the definition of "Shen" contains a broad concept and a narrow concept. Broad "Shen" is the dominator and administrator of human vital movement,while narrow "Shen" means spirit, consciousness, thinking and emotions of human. "Shen" originates from innate essence of parents, and survives on acquired essence of water and food as well as the nutrition of its metaplastic Qi-Blood-Body fluid. Qi-Blood,the most precious asset of human body, is a quite important section of one person and the central material basis of "Shen-Zhi"...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927468/recent-advances-in-analysis-of-differential-item-functioning-in-health-research-using-the-rasch-model
#4
Curt Hagquist, David Andrich
BACKGROUND: Rasch analysis with a focus on Differential Item Functioning (DIF) is increasingly used for examination of psychometric properties of health outcome measures. To take account of DIF in order to retain precision of measurement, split of DIF-items into separate sample specific items has become a frequently used technique. The purpose of the paper is to present and summarise recent advances of analysis of DIF in a unified methodology. In particular, the paper focuses on the use of analysis of variance (ANOVA) as a method to simultaneously detect uniform and non-uniform DIF, the need to distinguish between real and artificial DIF and the trade-off between reliability and validity...
September 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919592/the-study-on-the-lives-and-health-conditions-of-internees-in-santo-thomas-camp-of-philippines-based-on-mcanlis-s-the-war-in-manila-1941-1945
#5
Jueyeon Lee, Youngsoo Cho
When Japan invaded the Philippines, two missionary dentists (Dr. McAnlis and Dr. Boots) who were forced to leave Korea were captured and interned in the Santo Thomas camp in Manila. Japan continued to bombard and plunder the Philippines in the wake of the Pacific War following the Great East Asia policy, leading to serious inflation and material deficiency. More than 4,000 Allied citizens held in Santo Thomas camp without basic food and shelter. Santo Thomas Camp was equipped with the systems of the Japanese military medical officers and Western doctors of captivity based on the Geneva Conventions(1929)...
August 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918418/new-aspects-in-the-pathomechanism-of-diseases-of-civilization-particularly-psychosomatic-disorders-part-1-theoretical-background-of-a-hypothesis
#6
Andras Sikter, Zoltan Rihmer, Roberto de Guevara
The stress defence-cascade is mostly not biphasic as Cannon thought, the sympathicotonic stress response is preceded by a vagotonic phase called freeze response. Alteration of the carbon dioxide level plays an important role during defence-cascade as its changes interfere with stress hormones, e.g. with catecholamines, thus affecting the degree of arousal. In case of humans, learned behaviour dominates instead of instinctive, so the fight-or-flight often lags; the consequence can be persistent hypocapnia or hypercapnia...
June 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917376/ayurvedic-versus-conventional-dietary-and-lifestyle-counseling-for-mothers-with-burnout-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-including-a-qualitative-evaluation
#7
Christian S Kessler, Clemens Eisenmann, Frank Oberzaucher, Martin Forster, Nico Steckhan, Larissa Meier, Elmar Stapelfeldt, Andreas Michalsen, Michael Jeitler
OBJECTIVES: Ayurveda claims to be effective in the treatment of psychosomatic disorders by means of lifestyle and nutritional counseling. DESIGN: In a randomized controlled study mothers with burnout were randomized into two groups: Ayurvedic nutritional counseling (according to tradition), and conventional nutritional counseling (following the recommendations of a family doctor). Patients received five counseling sessions over twelve weeks. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcomes included levels of burnout, quality of life, sleep, stress, depression/anxiety, and spirituality at three and six months...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913638/psychosomatic-medicine-viability-of-a-discipline
#8
EDITORIAL
Monika Graninger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911819/non-neurogenic-language-disorders-a-preliminary-classification
#9
REVIEW
Mario F Mendez
BACKGROUND: Few publications deal with non-neurogenic language disorders (NNLDs), distinct from psychogenic speech disorders such as psychogenic dysphonia or stuttering. NNLDs are alterations in language owing to psychosomatic preoccupations, conversion disorder, psychiatric disorders, or other psychological reasons. OBJECTIVE: To identify and classify the range of NNLDs and their characteristics. METHODS: This review summarizes the literature on disturbances in language, broadly defined as the use of symbols for communication, which may have a psychogenic or psychiatric etiology...
August 10, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884713/-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-differentiated-approach-to-the-study-of-nozogeny
#10
O V Shushpanova
AIM: To study mental disorders in patients with breast cancer (BC) at different stages of the disease taking into account premorbid characteristics and psychosomatic correlations in their development. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 82 patients with histologically confirmed BC. The first group consisted of 30 patients (mean age 49.7±11.1 years) with the first established diagnosis of BC and mental disorders caused by somatic disease (ICD-10 F40-F48, stress-related neurotic and somatoform disorders)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880579/cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-in-chinese-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#11
Yafei Tan, Xiuhong Xin, Xiang Wang, Shuqiao Yao
BACKGROUND: The relationship between psychological factors and obesity has become a hot topic in psychosomatic research. The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of cognitive emotion regulation (CER) strategies in Chinese adolescents with different weight status. METHODS: Using stratified random cluster sampling, 700 and 321 adolescents were defined as adolescents with overweight status and obese status, respectively. One thousand and twenty-one adolescents with normal-weight status were also selected...
September 7, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876523/support-from-parents-and-teachers-in-relation-to-psychosomatic-health-complaints-among-adolescents
#12
Jannike Kjellström, Bitte Modin, Ylva B Almquist
This study explores the relative contribution of parental and teacher support to adolescents' psychosomatic health complaints, with a particular focus on gender and age differences. Based on a survey of 49,172 ninth- and eleventh-grade students in Stockholm (2006-2014), structural equation modeling results demonstrated negative associations between parental and teacher support on psychosomatic health complaints. Parental support had a stronger association with the outcome among girls than boys. It was also more important than teacher support for psychosomatic health complaints...
June 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875851/urotensin-ii-molecular-mechanisms-of-biological-activity
#13
Andrey A Svistunov, Vadim V Tarasov, Svetlana A Shakhmardanova, Susanna S Sologova, Ekaterina T Bagaturija, Vladimir N Chubarev, Pavel A Galenko-Yaroshevsky, George E Barreto, Gjumrakch Aliev
Urotensin II (UT II) is an important factor of cellular homeostasis. This regulatory peptide is involved in the pathophysiology of many disorders. For example, it plays an important role in the pathogenesis of acute and chronic diseases, stressful and adaptive reactions of the body, in the development of cardiovascular pathologies, metabolic syndrome, inflammation, liver cirrhosis, renal failure, diabetic nephropathy, reproductive dysfunction, progression of psychosomatic, psychoendocrinal and psychiatric disorders...
August 29, 2017: Current Protein & Peptide Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872574/past-present-and-future-of-psychosomatic-movements-in-an-ever-changing-world-presidential-address
#14
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
OBJECTIVES: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942 and is celebrating its 75th anniversary in 2017. In recognizing the society's anniversary, this article provides a historical perspective on its history, the field of psychosomatic medicine in general, and anticipated future directions. METHODS: Essay and narrative review of the literature on the historic development of psychosomatic concepts and their impact on medicine over time. RESULTS: Mind-body associations have been described in the medical literature over more than 3,500 years...
September 1, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868913/-biopsychosocially-informed-therapy-of-symptoms-related-to-premature-ovarian-failure
#15
Judit Szigeti F, Nándor Ács
The basic legal conditions for pursuing medical activities in Hungary require that psychologists be employed at certain somatic departments. In the Hungarian medical practice, however, attitudes recognizing the potential role of psychological factors in the course of diseases are not widely present. The modern psychosomatic approach to healing includes biological, psychological and social factors that may predispose one to, precipitate or perpetuate a medical condition. This case study of a 35-year-old woman reports on a therapy in which the symptoms were indicative of both premature ovarian failure and anxiety, influencing each other in a bidirectional way...
September 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868909/-recognizing-complicated-grief-from-a-doctor-s-point-of-view
#16
András Zelena
By reviewing two bereavement support group cases I wish to demonstrate the important role a doctor, also receptive of his patients' non-verbal signals, has in the early recognition of complicated grief and halted grief process. Doctors are aware of individual traumas and destinies, and general practitioners are familiar with the details of their patients' life and home circumstances, could be catalysts for the continuation of the halted grief process. They discover the real cause of trauma behind several psychosomatic symptoms...
September 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866901/anxiety-and-psychosomatic-symptoms-in-palliative-care-from-neuro-psychobiological-response-to-stress-to-symptoms-management-with-clinical-hypnosis-and-meditative-states
#17
Anirudh Kumar Satsangi, Maria Paola Brugnoli
Psychosomatic disorder is a condition in which psychological stresses adversely affect physiological (somatic) functioning to the point of distress. It is a condition of dysfunction or structural damage in physical organs through inappropriate activation of the involuntary nervous system and the biochemical response. In this framework, this review will consider anxiety disorders, from the perspective of the psychobiological mechanisms of vulnerability to extreme stress in severe chronic illnesses. Psychosomatic medicine is a field of behavioral medicine and a part of the practice of consultation-liaison psychiatry...
August 9, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854445/-testing-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-helping-alliance-questionnaire-haq-in-different-health-care-settings
#18
Rüdiger Nübling, Maria Kraft, Jessica Henn, David Kriz, Wolfgang Lutz, Jürgen Schmidt, Werner Wittmann, Markus Bassler
Introduction The Helping Alliance Questionnaire developed by Luborsky was psychometricly examined for the first time and translated into German by Bassler et al. in the mid-1990s. It consists of 11 Items, which are summarized to the scales "relation to the therapist" and "satisfaction with therapeutic outcome". HAQ is now one of the most used instruments to measure therapeutic alliance. The goal of this study was to test the psychometric properties based on three large patient samples in different treatment settings...
August 30, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846583/article-summaries-for-september-2017-psychosomatic-medicine-volume-79-issue-7
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842729/-on-the-road-to-psychiatric-reform-reconstructing-the-political-preparation-of-the-first-enquete-commission-of-the-german-bundestag
#20
REVIEW
F Söhner, H Fangerau, T Becker
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the political preparation of the Enquete Commission of the German Bundestag which aimed at assessing and improving the psychiatric and psychotherapeutic/psychosomatic care in the Federal Republic of Germany. METHODS: We performed a selective literature review and a hermeneutic analysis of political, parliamentary and administrative records from public archives which reflect and help reconstruct the run-up process to the so-called Enquete of psychiatry...
August 25, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
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