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Psychosomatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917672/-insomnia-and-habits-to-help-to-fall-asleep-among-adults
#1
Katalin Fusz, Béla Faludi, Dorina Pusztai, Nóra Sebők, András Oláh
INTRODUCTION: The quality of sleep can be influenced by several factors, insomnia in turn has an effect on the state of health. AIM: The aim of our survey is to measure the effects of insomnia, furthermore, the sleep affecting agents and habits to help to fall asleep among adults. METHOD: We collected the online nationwide and the written datas from the South-Transdanubia region, 455 adults filled the questionnaire which contains the Athens Insomnia Scale...
December 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909591/mobbing-exposure-of-anaesthesiology-residents-in-turkey
#2
Gülnihal Aykut, Esra Mercanoğlu Efe, Selcan Bayraktar, Sinem Şentürk, İrem Başeğmez, Özlem Özkumit, Elmas Kabak, Belgin Yavaşçaoğlu, Hülya Bilgin
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, psychological problems that are caused by working conditions, like burn out syndrome, are more commonly observed. In our study, we aimed to evaluate mobbing exposure, factors causing mobbing and precautions for mobbing in residency students who are educated in anaesthesiology and reanimation clinics in Turkey. METHODS: After obtaining consent from the ethics committee, we sent our questionnaires to the secretariats of the departments by postal mail...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905389/-lipid-profile-and-psychometric-traits-in-patients-with-psychosomatic-disorders-and-chronic-cerebral-ischemia
#3
A V Shevchenko, B M Doronin, V B Kuznetsova, T G Amstislavskaya
AIM: To explore the correlation of serum cholesterol and triglycerides with psychometric traits in patients with psychosomatic disorders and chronic cerebral ischemia (CCI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred and ten patients with CCI, aged from 46 to 76 years, were examined. Total cholesterol and triglycerides were measured in the blood. A battery of tests for assessment of cognitive functions and neurotic traits was used. RESULTS: The level of cholesterol was higher in patients with post-infarction cardiosclerosis (PICS) compared to patients with CCI without psychosomatic disorders but did not differ from that in patients with gastric ulcer (GU)...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904636/effect-of-cognitive-behavioral-stress-management-program-on-psychosomatic-patients-quality-of-life
#4
Zahra Ghazavi, Esmat Rahimi, Mohsen Yazdani, Hamid Afshar
BACKGROUND: Level of stress and its management affects the dimensions of psychosomatic patients' quality of life (QoL), which is an important psychological issue. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of cognitive behavioral stress management program on psychosomatic patients' QoL. In cognitive behavioral method, patients discover thought and behavioral mistakes and recover them. The criterion to evaluate the success of the present study was measurement of the patients' QoL and its notable improvement after intervention...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900394/-establishing-ward-independent-intensive-treatment-concept-in-a%C3%A2-psychiatric-hospital-a%C3%A2-model-project-within-the-new-german-remuneration-system
#5
M Noeker, G Juckel
Model projects according to § 64b of the Social Code V in the context of the new remuneration system in psychiatry and psychosomatics, offer great possibilities to improve the treatment of people with mental illnesses. This article presents the model project of the University Hospital Bochum, which is essentially characterized by improved transition through the internal hospital sections so that patients can be quickly transferred from inpatient and daycare sections to high frequency outpatient sections with ward-independent therapies (SUL), including outreach home treatment...
November 29, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898375/the-mediating-effects-of-cognitive-emotion-regulation-strategies-on-the-relationship-between-alexithymia-and-physical-symptoms-evidence-from-iranian-asthmatic-patients
#6
Fatemeh Ghorbani, Vahid Khosravani, Razieh Jamaati Ardakani, Amin Alvani, Hedayat Akbari
Asthma is a chronic and episodic psychosomatic disease whose symptoms include coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of cognitive emotion regulation strategies (CERS) as mediators on the relationships between alexithymia subscales and physical symptoms (PS). 300 asthmatic patients (males=42.7%, females=57.3%, age range=16-65, mean age=29.40) and 100 normal controls participated in the study and completed the demographic questionnaire, the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ), the Persian version of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (FTAS-20), and the Powell & Enright Physical Symptoms Inventory (PSI)...
November 12, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896256/comparative-analysis-of-outcome-between-laparoscopic-versus-open-surgical-repair-for-vesico-vaginal-fistula
#7
Bastab Ghosh, Varun Wats, Dilip Kumar Pal
OBJECTIVE: Vesicovaginal fistula (VVF) causes detrimental psychosomatic effects on a woman. It is repaired using open abdominal as well as laparoscopic approach. Here we compare a series of open versus laparoscopic VVF repairs done at a single centre. METHODS: Retrospectively data of patients undergoing VVF repair in our department between January 2011 to December 2014 was analyzed. Patients who had a single, primary, simple VVF following a gynaecological surgery were included in the study...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884006/current-psychosomatic-practice
#8
Giovanni A Fava, Fiammetta Cosci, Nicoletta Sonino
Psychosomatic research has advanced over the past decades in dealing with complex biopsychosocial phenomena and may provide new effective modalities of patient care. Among psychosocial variables affecting individual vulnerability, course, and outcome of any medical disease, the role of chronic stress (allostatic load/overload) has emerged as a crucial factor. Assessment strategies include the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research. They are presented here in an updated version based on insights derived from studies carried out so far and encompass allostatic overload, type A behavior, alexithymia, the spectrum of maladaptive illness behavior, demoralization, irritable mood, and somatic symptoms secondary to a psychiatric disorder...
November 25, 2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876129/metabolic-syndrome-a-truly-psychosomatic-disorder-a-global-hypothesis
#9
Shrikant Madhukar Ghike
Exact cause of the metabolic syndrome [MS], a global epidemic, is still unclear. Man has same fundamental needs to live as animals but modern man's life-style compels him to acquire certainty of resources for all his needs in a complex social network. Today money has become the sole life essential need. Contrarily none of the animals needs to earn money. Brain is also an organ of the human body with a unique thought process to define logical actions to achieve a person's goals. This way life is a flow of desires followed by logical actions...
December 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865992/in-6-to-8-year-old-children-hair-cortisol-is-associated-with-body-mass-index-and-somatic-complaints-but-not-with-stress-health-related-quality-of-life-blood-pressure-retinal-vessel-diameters-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness
#10
Markus Gerber, Katharina Endes, Serge Brand, Christian Herrmann, Flora Colledge, Lars Donath, Oliver Faude, Uwe Pühse, Henner Hanssen, Lukas Zahner
OBJECTIVES: Hair cortisol measurement has become an increasingly accepted approach in endocrinology and biopsychology. However, while in adult research hair cortisol has been proposed as a relevant biomarker for chronic stress (and its adverse consequences), studies with children are scarce. Therefore, the goal of the present exploratory study was to examine the associations between hair cortisol concentrations (HCCs), stress, and a series of health-related outcomes in a sample of Swiss first grade schoolchildren...
November 9, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856138/predicting-three-month-functional-outcomes-after-an-ed-visit-for-acute-low-back-pain
#11
Benjamin W Friedman, Stuart Gensler, Andrew Yoon, Rebecca Nerenberg, Lynne Holden, Polly E Bijur, E John Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Nearly 30% of patients who present to an ED with acute, new onset, low back pain (LBP) report LBP-related functional impairment three months later. These patients are at risk of chronic LBP, a highly debilitating condition. It has been reported previously that functional impairment, depression, and psychosomatic symptomatology at the index visit are associated with poor LBP outcomes. We wished to replicate those findings in a cohort of ED patients, and also to determine if clinical features present at one week follow-up could predict three-month outcomes in individual patients...
November 5, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855438/how-to-prevent-depression-current-directions-and-future-challenges-in-children-with-chronic-medical-conditions
#12
Anna Felnhofer, Oswald D Kothgassner, Claudia Klier
With its high rates of chronicity and concomitant economic costs to society, depression ranges among the most prevalent mental disorders. Several trials have succeeded in demonstrating the beneficial effects of early depression prevention programs for otherwise healthy children and adolescents. However, comparable programs for children and adolescents with a medical condition are still scarce. This paper discusses the situation of chronically ill children and adolescents who are at risk of developing comorbid depressive symptoms using the example of three conditions frequently encountered in pediatric psychosomatic medicine: diabetes, epilepsy and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854010/-psychiatric-and-psychosomatic-day-hospitals-in-austria
#13
Janet Evans, Verena Dummer, Johann Kinzl
This paper on psychiatric and psychosomatic day hospitals in Austria first looks at the overall situation of Austrian day clinics then, in a second step, compares psychiatric and psychosomatic day hospitals. For this purpose, a questionnaire was developed and sent to all psychiatric and psychosomatic day hospitals in Austria. The first part consisted of closed questions and was used to gather and evaluate the categories: general conditions for treatment in day hospitals, tasks of day hospitals, therapeutic paradigms, indication and contraindication, diagnostics, day hospital organisation, interdisciplinary cooperation and the offering in day hospitals...
December 2016: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853872/-effects-of-psychosomatic-treatment-for-the-elderly-on-cognition-and-quality-of-life-naturalistic-study-at-the-psychosomatic-day-care-hospital-for-the-elderly-in-nuremberg
#14
Christina Wunner, Corinne Reichhart, Bernhard Strauss, Wolfgang Söllner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In 2006 the psychosomatic day care hospital for the treatment of acute mental illness of elderly people opened as the first clinic of its kind in Germany. The aim of the study was to determine treatment effectiveness regarding quality of life and cognition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Designed as a naturalistic study of a population sample of 116 patients, the cognitive capacity (memory performance and cognitive speed) and the subjective quality of life were measured by the Nuremberg aging inventory (NAI) and the World Health Organization quality of life for elderly persons (WHOQOL-OLD)...
November 16, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844398/proposal-for-an-update-of-the-definition-and-scope-of-behavioral-medicine
#15
Joost Dekker, Adrienne Stauder, Frank J Penedo
PURPOSE: We aim to provide an update of the definition and scope of behavioral medicine in the Charter of ISBM, as the present version was developed more than 25 years ago. METHODS: We identify issues which need clarification or updating. This leads us to propose an update of the definition and scope of behavioral medicine. RESULTS: Issues in need of clarification or updating include the scope of behavioral medicine (biobehavioral mechanisms, clinical diagnosis and intervention, and prevention and health promotion); research as an essential characteristic of all three areas of behavioral medicine; the application of behavioral medicine; the terminology of behavioral medicine as a multidisciplinary field; and the relationship and distinction between behavioral medicine, mental health, health psychology, and psychosomatic medicine...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834414/psychosocial-aspects-and-temporomandibular-disorders-in-dental-students
#16
Cibele Oliveira de Melo Rocha, Raniel Fernandes Peixoto, Camila Maria Bastos Machado Resende, Arthur César de Medeiros Alves, Ângelo Giuseppe Roncalli da Oliveira, Gustavo Augusto Seabra Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: Dental students have high levels of anxiety that can affect not only academic performance but also increase the risk for other diseases. It is believed that the increase in the incidence of chronic orofacial pain in temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) may have an impact on the quality of life and general health of subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of TMD in dental students and its association with general health, quality of life, and anxiety. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Ninety students were evaluated by four questionnaires to determine the prevalence and severity of TMD (Fonseca's questionnaire) and to quantify general health (General Health Questionnaire - GHQ), quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life - Brief version - WHOQOL-brief) and anxiety levels (State-Trait Anxiety Index - STAI)...
November 10, 2016: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829386/why-are-hospital-doctors-not-referring-to-consultation-liaison-psychiatry-a-systemic-review
#17
Kai Yang Chen, Rebecca Evans, Sarah Larkins
BACKGROUND: Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry (CLP) is a subspecialty of psychiatry that provides care to inpatients under non-psychiatric care. Despite evidence of benefits of CLP for inpatients with psychiatric comorbidities, referral rates from hospital doctors remain low. This review aims to understand barriers to CLP inpatient referral as described in the literature. METHODS: We searched on Medline, PsychINFO, CINAHL and SCOPUS, using MESH and the following keywords: 1) Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry, Consultation Liaison Psychiatry, Consultation Psychiatry, Liaison Psychiatry, Hospital Psychiatry, Psychosomatic Medicine, the 2) Referral, Consultation, Consultancy and 3) Inpatient, Hospitalized patient, Hospitalized patient...
November 9, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825326/the-effect-of-a-behavioral-activation-program-on-improving-mental-and-physical-health-complaints-associated-with-radiation-stress-among-mothers-in-fukushima-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Kotaro Imamura, Yuki Sekiya, Yumi Asai, Maki Umeda, Naoko Horikoshi, Seiji Yasumura, Hirooki Yabe, Tsuyoshi Akiyama, Norito Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Mothers living with small children in Fukushima prefecture may experience radiation anxiety and related symptoms after the Fukushima Dai'ich Nuclear Power Plant Accident. A behavioral activation (BA) program was developed to improve their psychosomatic symptoms. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the effectiveness of a BA program for improving psychological distress and physical symptoms among mothers with preschool children in Fukushima-prefecture 3 years after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident...
November 8, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821358/suicidality-in-patients-with-somatoform-disorder-the-speechless-expression-of-anger
#19
Nora Kämpfer, Sabine Staufenbiel, Ingo Wegener, Stefanie Rambau, Anne Sarah Urbach, Martin Mücke, Franziska Geiser, Rupert Conrad
OBJECTIVE: To identify emotion-associated risk factors for suicidality in patients with somatoform disorders. METHODS: A sample of 155 consecutive patients diagnosed with somatoform disorders at the Psychosomatic Ambulance of Bonn University Hospital filled in several questionnaires including the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised Version (SCL-90-R), the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20), and the State Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI). Our aim was to compare patients with suicide attempts to patients without suicide attempts via a MANCOVA (IV: Group; DV: SCL-90-R, TAS-20, STAXI; covariates: sex, age, depression, borderline personality disorder)...
October 17, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811540/article-summaries-for-november-december-2016-psychosomatic-medicine-volume-78-issue-9
#20
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November 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
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