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Psychosomatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213676/-psychosomatic-disorders-of-the-scalp
#1
REVIEW
W Harth
Psychosomatic disorders of the scalp have some special characteristics due to the visibility, possible stigmatization, and amount/patterns of hair. Of practical relevance is trichotillomania, which is now classified as an obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Patients who are obsessed with normal physiological hair loss represent a further psychodermatological challenge. Psychosomatic therapy includes basic psychosomatic care, behavior therapy, or treatment with psychopharmaceuticals.
February 17, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207821/relationship-of-work-family-conflict-self-reported-social-support-and-job-satisfaction-to-burnout-syndrome-among-medical-workers-in-southwest-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Shujuan Yang, Danping Liu, Hongbo Liu, Juying Zhang, Zhanqi Duan
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a psychosomatic syndrome widely observed in Chinese medical workers due to the increasing cost of medical treatment, excessive workload, and excessive prescribing behavior. No studies have evaluated the interrelationship among occupational burnout, work-family conflict, social support, and job satisfaction in medical workers. The aim of this study was to evaluate these relationships among medical workers in southwest China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March 2013 and December 2013, and was based on the fifth National Health Service Survey (NHSS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196622/non-cardiac-chest-pain-a-review-for-the-consultation-liaison-psychiatrist
#3
Kirsti A Campbell, Elizabeth N Madva, Ana C Villegas, Eleanor E Beale, Scott R Beach, Jason H Wasfy, Ariana M Albanese, Jeff C Huffman
BACKGROUND: Patients presenting with chest pain to general practice or emergency providers represent a unique challenge, as the differential is broad and varies widely in acuity. Importantly, most cases of chest pain in both acute and general practice settings are ultimately found to be non-cardiac in origin, and a substantial proportion of patients experiencing non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP) suffer significant disability. In light of emerging evidence that mental health providers can serve a key role in the care of patients with NCCP, knowledge of the differential diagnosis, psychiatric co-morbidities, and therapeutic techniques for NCCP would be of great use to both consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatrists and other mental health providers...
December 9, 2016: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194126/the-importance-of-team-health-climate-for-health-related-outcomes-of-white-collar-workers
#4
Heiko Schulz, Hannes Zacher, Sonia Lippke
Occupational health researchers and practitioners have mainly focused on the individual and organizational levels, whereas the team level has been largely neglected. In this study, we define team health climate as employees' shared perceptions of the extent to which their team is concerned, cares, and communicates about health issues. Based on climate, signaling, and social exchange theories, we examined a multilevel model of team health climate and its relationships with five well-established health-related outcomes (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192499/vitamin-d-status-in-pediatric-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#5
Benjamin Udoka Nwosu, Louise Maranda, Ninfa Candela
IMPORTANCE: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with significant morbidity in children and adolescents, and the therapeutic efficacy of available treatment options is limited. The role of vitamin D supplementation in pediatric IBS is unclear as the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS is unknown. Equally, the relationship of vitamin D status with psychosomatic symptoms in children and adolescents is unclear. AIM: To characterize the vitamin D status of pediatric patients with IBS using a case-control study design...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190663/iranian-voice-quality-of-life-profile-ivqlp-factor-analysis
#6
Ali Dehqan, Fariba Yadegari, Ronald C Scherer, Ali Asgari, Payman Dabirmoghadam
OBJECTIVES: An important domain in health-related quality of life evaluations is quality of life perceptions due to having a voice disorder. The objective of this study was to examine the factor structure of the Iranian Voice Quality of Life Profile (IVQLP) based on Exploratory Factor Analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 280 patients (174 males and 106 females) diagnosed with MTD, benign organic disorders such as polyps and nodules, and unilateral vocal fold paralysis and cancer...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188399/-erratum-to-guideline-oriented-inpatient-psychiatric-psychotherapeutic-psychosomatic-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-how-many-personnel-are-need
#7
B Bandelow, U Lueken, J Wolff, F Godemann, C Wolff-Menzler, J Deckert, A Ströhle, M Beutel, J Wiltink, K Domschke, M Berger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187201/patient-self-reported-concerns-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-gender-specific-subjective-quality-of-life-indicator
#8
Valérie Pittet, Carla Vaucher, Florian Froehlich, Bernard Burnand, Pierre Michetti, Michel H Maillard
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported disease perceptions are important components to be considered within a holistic model of quality of care. Gender may have an influence on these perceptions. We aimed to explore gender-specific concerns of patients included in a national bilingual inflammatory bowel disease cohort. METHODS: Following a qualitative study, we built a questionnaire comprising 37 items of concern. Answers were collected on a visual analog scale ranging from 0 to 100...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183094/psychometric-properties-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-diagnostic-criteria-for-psychosomatic-research
#9
Wei-Lieh Huang, Shih-Cheng Liao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183079/report-of-the-first-edition-of-the-workgroup-on-psychosomatic-research-and-practice-wprp-lisbon-september-2016
#10
Paolo Leombruni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183073/melkersson-rosenthal-syndrome-a-case-report-with-a-psychosomatic-perspective
#11
Patrick Alves, Orlando von Doellinger, Maria Luísa Quintela, Aníbal Fonte, Rui Coelho
Context • The Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare condition characterized by a triad of symptoms: (1) recurrent and/or persistent orofacial swelling, (2) recurrent facial paralysis, and (3) a fissured tongue. Although various contributing factors have been suggested, the etiology and mechanisms of the syndrome have not been fully elucidated. Objective • The aim of the current study was to examine for the first time some psychosomatic aspects of the syndrome and to evaluate the benefits of a brief psychotherapeutic process in which the research team worked to reintegrate the complex bio-psycho-social functioning of the patient...
January 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178034/the-neurobiology-of-health-communication
#12
Peter A Hall, Kirk I Erickson, Peter J Gianaros
This issue of Psychosomatic Medicine describes findings from an innovative study by Kang et al. employing neuroimaging methods to quantify neural responses to health communications. Findings indicated that those sedentary individuals who hold self-transcendent values show attenuated limbic threat responses to communications about the benefits of physical activity. Furthermore, participants who were instructed to articulate such values showed some evidence of additional blunting of the same neural response. In this editorial we provide context for the interpretation of these findings within the existing research using the brain-as-predictor approach, and other recent trends within biobehavioral medicine involving the use of neuroscience methods in the service of health behavior change...
February 7, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156013/group-supervision-for-healthcare-professionals-within-primary-care-for-patients-with-psychosomatic-health-problems-a-pilot-intervention-study
#13
Jennifer Bullington, Agneta Cronqvist
BACKGROUND: In primary health care, efficacious treatment strategies are lacking for these patients, although the most prominent symptoms accounting for consultation in primary care often cannot be related to any biological causes. AIM: The aim was to explore whether group supervision from a specific phenomenological theory of psychosomatics could provide healthcare professionals treating patients with psychosomatic health issues within primary care a deeper understanding of these conditions and stimulate profession-specific treatment strategies...
February 3, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152541/alexithymia-and-plaque-psoriasis-preliminary-investigation-in-a-clinical-sample-of-250-patients
#14
Marina Talamonti, Marco Galluzzo, Stella Servoli, Simone D'Adamio, Luca Bianchi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Psoriasis as a dermatological disorder has complex effects on mental health and the psychological status of the patient. Many authors proposed that assessing how psoriasis affects a patient's life is better than a body surface area measurement for delineating psoriasis severity. Alexithymia is a personality dimension characterized by difficulty identifying feelings, difficulty describing feelings, and externally oriented thinking observed in many clinical conditions, especially in psychosomatic disorders...
February 3, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150800/alexithymia-and-personality-traits-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#15
D La Barbera, B Bonanno, M V Rumeo, V Alabastro, M Frenda, E Massihnia, M C Morgante, L Sideli, A Craxì, M Cappello, M Tumminello, S Miccichè, L Nastri
Psychological factors, specific lifestyles and environmental stressors may influence etiopathogenesis and evolution of chronic diseases. We investigate the association between Chronic Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD) and psychological dimensions such as personality traits, defence mechanisms, and Alexithymia, i.e. deficits of emotional awareness with inability to give a name to emotional states. We analyzed a survey of 100 patients with IBD and a control group of 66 healthy individuals. The survey involved filling out clinical and anamnestic forms and administering five psychological tests...
February 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149323/the-european-network-on-psychosomatic-medicine-enpm-history-and-future-directions
#16
REVIEW
Hans-Christian Deter, Kristina Orth-Gomér, Bohdan Wasilewski, Ramiro Verissimo
BACKGROUND: Within national and international societies of psychosomatic medicine the idea has emerged of bringing together and coordinating psychosomatic, behavioural, psychological and medical actions with common interests throughout Europe as a way to increase their scientific and political influence. METHODS: It was felt that there was a strong need and opportunity of a common and unifying forum for scientific exchange. RESULTS: It was considered desirable to exchange scientific thoughts and experiences in an open minded and boundless way, among individuals and societies, between disciplines and across borders...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147408/-psychodynamic-traumatherapy-of-refugees-with-ptsd-and-somatisation
#17
Ljiljana Joksimovic, Johannes Kruse
The medical care of refugees and asylum seekers requires culturally sensitive and diverse structuring of the healthcare. In the psychotherapeutic and psychosomatic treatment of these patients the culture-specific and social aspects and also the high ratio of patients with post traumatic stress disorders and somatoform disorders have to be considered. The principles of stabilizing psychodynamic traumatherapie of refugees will be introduced, which efficacy was determined by controlled study. The specific adaptations of the trauma-orientated psychotherapy to the specific situation of refugees and asylum seekers will be described...
February 1, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141732/article-summaries-for-february-march-2017-psychosomatic-medicine-volume-79-issue-2
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131946/does-defending-come-with-a-cost-examining-the-psychosocial-correlates-of-defending-behaviour-among-bystanders-of-bullying-in-a-canadian-sample
#19
Laura J Lambe, Chloe C Hudson, Wendy M Craig, Debra J Pepler
Bullying is a form of interpersonal trauma that impacts all parties involved, including the youth who witness the bullying. Some bystanders choose to intervene and defend the child being bullied. Defending may be positively associated with psychosocial difficulties because youth are becoming more involved in a traumatic event, or because youth may be actively coping with the distress elicited from witnessing bullying; however, the link between defending and psychosocial difficulties has not yet been examined...
January 26, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131624/involvement-of-pkc%C3%AE-and-erk1-2-signaling-pathways-in-egcg-s-protection-against-stress-induced-neural-injuries-in-wistar-rats
#20
Xiaoling Zhao, Fengqin Liu, Haimin Jin, Renjia Li, Yonghui Wang, Wanqi Zhang, Haichao Wang, Weiqiang Chen
Stress-induced neural injuries are closely linked to the pathogenesis of various neuropsychiatric disorders and psychosomatic diseases. We and others have previously demonstrated certain protective effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) in stress-induced cerebral impairments, but the underlying protective mechanisms still remain poorly elucidated. Here we provide evidence to support the possible involvement of PKCα and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling pathways in EGCG-mediated protection against restraint stress-induced neural injuries in rats...
January 25, 2017: Neuroscience
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