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Psychosomatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771624/virtual-reality-training-to-enhance-behavior-and-cognitive-function-among-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-brief-report
#1
Shirley Shema-Shiratzky, Marina Brozgol, Pablo Cornejo-Thumm, Karen Geva-Dayan, Michael Rotstein, Yael Leitner, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Anat Mirelman
PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility and efficacy of a combined motor-cognitive training using virtual reality to enhance behavior, cognitive function and dual-tasking in children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Fourteen non-medicated school-aged children with ADHD, received 18 training sessions during 6 weeks. Training included walking on a treadmill while negotiating virtual obstacles. Behavioral symptoms, cognition and gait were tested before and after the training and at 6-weeks follow-up...
May 17, 2018: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770714/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-causal-illness-attribution-scale-in-chinese-patients-with-multiple-somatic-symptoms
#2
Ling Zhang, Jeanine Schwarz, Maria Kleinstäuber, Kurt Fritzsche, Wiebke Hannig, Jing Wei, Jianzhong Yang, Lan Zhang
Causal illness attributions influence how individuals cope with somatic symptoms and illnesses. Dimensions of causal symptom attributions have been examined in Western cultures with the subscale 'causes' of the revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R). Some previous studies have identified a stronger somatic attribution style in Asian patients. In this study it was examined if the factorial structure of causal attributions identified in Western populations can be identified in a large Chinese sample of patients presenting with somatic symptoms...
January 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770647/neuromodulation-for-tinnitus-treatment-an-overview-of-invasive-and-non-invasive-techniques
#3
REVIEW
Nicole Peter, Tobias Kleinjung
Tinnitus is defined as a perception of sound without any external sound source. Chronic tinnitus is a frequent condition that can affect the quality of life. So far, no causal cure for tinnitus has been documented, and most pharmacologic and psychosomatic treatment modalities aim to diminish tinnitus' impact on the quality of life. Neuromodulation, a novel therapeutic modality, which aims at alternating nerve activity through a targeted delivery of a stimulus, has emerged as a potential option in tinnitus treatment...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766693/food-aversions-and-dietary-preferences-in-pre-school-children-from-olsztyn
#4
Joanna Ciborska, Jan Kłobukowski, Iwona Pierzchała
Background: The nutrition of pre-school children often does not follow the recommendations, and qualitatively and quantitatively limited selection of products in the diet shapes an attitude of aversion towards new products and dishes. The risk of deficiencies in many important nutrients emerges, particularly in vitamins and mineral components, which can affect the psychophysical development of the child and have an impact on nutritional status and health disorders in adulthood. Objective: Study of dietary preferences in pre-school children and identify possible food aversions...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758574/-relationship-between-the-use-of-psychosomatic-rehabilitation-and-regional-capacities-for-medical-and-psychotherapeutic-treatment-of-mental-disorders-in-westphalia
#5
Elena Köckerling, Jürgen Breckenkamp, Bettina Hesse
BACKGROUND: Regional disparities in mental health care are well known and become apparent in inadequate treatment capacities and long waiting time for psychotherapeutic treatment. Hence, the authors assume that there is a shift from curative to rehabilitative care. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between regional treatment capacities and the use of psychosomatic rehabilitation on behalf of the German Statutory Pension Insurance Westphalia (i. e...
May 14, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756987/can-pediatricians-recognize-eating-disorders-a-case-study-of-early-onset-anorexia-nervosa-in-a-male-child
#6
Emel Ataş Berksoy, Gonca Özyurt, Murat Anıl, Özlem Üzüm, Yeliz Çağan Appak
INTRODUCTION: this article examines a boy who was diagnosed with anorexia nervosa at eight years old. Pediatricians and family physicians encountered difficulties during the diagnosis and treatment stages due to the fact that early onset of the disease is rare. CASE REPORT: a boy aged eight years and four months presented with bradicardia, malnutrition and dehydration as far away from the preliminary diagnosis of anorexia nervosa investigated for possible organic pathologies at the pediatric ward...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748483/alexithymia-and-somatosensory-amplification-link-perceived-psychosocial-stress-and-somatic-symptoms-in-outpatients-with-psychosomatic-illness
#7
Mutsuhiro Nakao, Takeaki Takeuchi
BACKGROUND: Psychosomatic patients often complain of a variety of somatic symptoms. We sought to clarify the role of clinical predictors of complaints of somatic symptoms. METHODS: We enrolled 604 patients visiting a psychosomatic outpatient clinic. The outcome was the total number of somatic symptoms, and the candidate clinical predictors were perceived psychosocial stress, alexithymia, somatosensory amplification, adaptation, anxiety, and depression. All participants completed questionnaires assessing the outcome and the predictors...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746845/detection-of-stress-and-the-effects-of-central-nervous-system-depressants-by-gastrointestinal-smooth-muscle-electromyography-in-wakeful-rats
#8
K F Szűcs, G Grosz, M Süle, A Sztojkov-Ivanov, E Ducza, A Márki, A Kothencz, L Balogh, R Gáspár
AIMS: The altered gut-brain interaction can be in the background of functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. In the GI tract, the slow-wave myoelectric signals can be detected by electromyography (EMG). The aims of our study were to follow up the stress induced alteration in the GI tract by smooth muscle EMG in wakeful rats. MAIN METHODS: The GI tract myoelectric activity of male rats was measured by an electrode pair under the abdominal skin, the responses were detected and analyzed by a software using fast Fourier transformation...
May 7, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741456/psychometric-properties-of-the-danish-student-well-being-questionnaire-assessed-in-250-000-student-responders
#9
Janni Niclasen, Maria Keilow, Carsten Obel
BACKGROUND: Well-being is considered a prerequisite for learning. The Danish Ministry of Education initiated the development of a new 40-item student well-being questionnaire in 2014 to monitor well-being among all Danish public school students on a yearly basis. The aim of this study was to investigate the basic psychometric properties of this questionnaire. METHODS: We used the data from the 2015 Danish student well-being survey for 268,357 students in grades 4-9 (about 85% of the study population)...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740547/intensification-of-the-education-of-public-health-hygiene-and-martial-arts-during-the-japanese-colonial-period-1937-1945
#10
REVIEW
Eui-Ryong Hwang, Tae-Young Kim
This study intended to examine the process of development and intensification of martial arts education in schools of Chosun as courses of health, hygiene, and physical education implemented by the Japanese colonial government that ruled Chosun during the period of 'Second Sino-Japanese War' from 1937 to 1945. During this period, the Japanese colonial government established the 'Imperial Subjects' Gymnastics,' elaborated on the education of health and hygiene in order to lay the foundations for the strengthening of war potential, and intensified the theoretical education and practice of martial arts as an effective means therefore...
April 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723906/-psychosocial-evaluation-of-transplant-patients-recommendations-for-the-guidelines-for-organ-transplantation
#11
Sylvia Kröncke, Gertrud Greif-Higer, Wolfgang Albert, Martina de Zwaan, Yesim Erim, Daniela Eser-Valeri, Christina Papachristou, Irene Petersen, Karl-Heinz Schulz, Katharina Tigges-Limmer, Frank Vitinius, Kristin Ziegler, Hans-Werner Künsebeck
For the last few years, the German Medical Association's guidelines for transplant medicine have been subject to an extensive revision process. The present contribution presents recommendations regarding the psychosocial evaluation of patients prior to organ transplantation, which were developed by experts from the Psychology/Psychosomatics committee of the German Transplant Society with the aim to incorporate the recommendations into the guidelines. The main objective is to establish a mandatory psychosocial evaluation for all patients prior to their admission to the transplant waiting list...
May 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723905/-psychologically-psychosomatically-relevant-aspects-in-the-german-medical-association-s-guidelines-for-transplant-medicine
#12
Sylvia Kröncke, Hans-Werner Künsebeck, Gertrud Greif-Higer
Transplant medicine in Germany is regulated by mandatory guidelines of the German Medical Association, the transplant law passed in 1997 serving as the legal basis. In 2012 a comprehensive modification of the guideline procedure was initiated. Since then, all guidelines are subject to an elaborate revision process. The present contribution initially depicts relevant background information and explains the formal aspects of the guideline procedure. Subsequently, the psychologically/psychosomatically relevant contents of the guidelines for organ transplantation are presented...
May 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717294/bullying-behavior-and-psychosocial-health-a-cross-sectional-study-among-school-students-of-pyuthan-municipality
#13
Durga Khadka Mishra, Tulsi Ram Thapa, Sujan Babu Marahatta, Anita Mahotra
BACKGROUND: Bullying remains as pervasive phenomenon affecting children worldwide. Bullying in school has long been a matter of concern as wide range of adjustment problems including poor mental health and violent behavior in school are associated with it. The present study examined the prevalence of bullying behavior (bullies, victims and bully-victims) and their association with depression and psychosomatic symptoms. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 8th, 9th and 10th grade students of Pyuthan Municipality, Mid-Western Nepal...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716605/integration-of-the-work-related-online-aftercare-intervention-gsa-online-plus-healthy-and-without-stress-at-the-workplace-into-clinical-practice-study-protocol-for-an-implementation-study
#14
Rüdiger Zwerenz, Katja Böhme, Astrid Wirth, Nicole Labitzke, Sergei Pachtchenko, Manfred E Beutel
BACKGROUND: In a previous RCT we established the efficacy of the psychodynamic online aftercare programme 'GSA-Online' ('Health Training Stress Management at the Workplace') for rehabilitants with work-related stress facing return to work after long-term sickness absence. The purpose of this trial is to implement it into routine care. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is performed in rehabilitation clinics with patients of different medical indications (psychosomatic, orthopedic and cardiological diseases)...
May 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715201/article-summaries-for-may-2018-psychosomatic-medicine-volume-80-issue-4
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709440/the-2018-ishlt-apm-ast-iccac-stsw-recommendations-for-the-psychosocial-evaluation-of-adult-cardiothoracic-transplant-candidates-and-candidates-for-long-term-mechanical-circulatory-support
#16
EDITORIAL
Mary Amanda Dew, Andrea F DiMartini, Fabienne Dobbels, Kathleen L Grady, Sheila G Jowsey-Gregoire, Annemarie Kaan, Kay Kendall, Quincy-Robyn Young, Susan E Abbey, Zeeshan Butt, Catherine C Crone, Sabina De Geest, Christina T Doligalski, Christiane Kugler, Laurie McDonald, Linda Ohler, Liz Painter, Michael G Petty, Desiree Robson, Thomas Schlöglhofer, Terry D Schneekloth, Jonathan P Singer, Patrick J Smith, Heike Spaderna, Jeffrey J Teuteberg, Roger D Yusen, Paula C Zimbrean
The psychosocial evaluation is well-recognized as an important component of the multifaceted assessment process to determine candidacy for heart transplantation, lung transplantation, and long-term mechanical circulatory support (MCS). However, there is no consensus-based set of recommendations for either the full range of psychosocial domains to be assessed during the evaluation, or the set of processes and procedures to be used to conduct the evaluation, report its findings, and monitor patients' receipt of and response to interventions for any problems identified...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679604/outdoor-play-and-nature-connectedness-as-potential-correlates-of-internalized-mental-health-symptoms-among-canadian-adolescents
#17
Caroline Piccininni, Valerie Michaelson, Ian Janssen, William Pickett
Exposures to outdoor environments have great potential to be protective factors for the mental health of young people. In a national analysis of Canadian adolescents, we explored how such exposures, as well as self-perceptions of connectedness with nature, each related to the prevalence of recurrent psychosomatic symptoms. The data source for this cross-sectional study, consisting of a weighted sample of 29,784 students aged 11-15 years from 377 schools, was the 2013/2014 cycle of the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study...
April 18, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677034/functional-somatic-symptoms-across-cultures-perceptual-and-health-care-issues
#18
Bernd Löwe, Christian Gerloff
Functional neurological disorders are conceptualized as patterns of neurological symptoms that cannot be attributed to a clear organic etiology. The study by Wilkins et al. published in this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, revealed that 8.2% of patients who were initially presented with suspected stroke were later diagnosed with functional disorders, i.e., "functional stroke mimics." However, the percentage of functional stroke mimics varied substantially with patients' nationality, age, and sex...
April 19, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676534/consensus-based-european-guidelines-for-treatment-of-atopic-eczema-atopic-dermatitis-in-adults-and-children-part-i
#19
A Wollenberg, S Barbarot, T Bieber, S Christen-Zaech, M Deleuran, A Fink-Wagner, U Gieler, G Girolomoni, S Lau, A Muraro, M Czarnecka-Operacz, T Schäfer, P Schmid-Grendelmeier, D Simon, Z Szalai, J C Szepietowski, A Taïeb, A Torrelo, T Werfel, J Ring
This guideline was developed as a joint interdisciplinary European project, including physicians from all relevant disciplines as well as patients. It is a consensus-based guideline, taking available evidence from other guidelines, systematic reviews and published studies into account. This first part of the guideline covers methods, patient perspective, general measures and avoidance strategies, basic emollient treatment and bathing, dietary intervention, topical anti-inflammatory therapy, phototherapy and antipruritic therapy, whereas the second part covers antimicrobial therapy, systemic treatment, allergen-specific immunotherapy, complementary medicine, psychosomatic counselling and educational interventions...
May 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672778/fear-of-progression-in-parents-of-children-with-cancer-results-of-an-online-expert-survey-in-pediatric-oncology
#20
Katharina Clever, Florian Schepper, Luise Küpper, Holger Christiansen, Julia Martini
BACKGROUND: Fear of Progression (FoP) is a commonly reported psychological strain in parents of children with cancer. This expert survey investigates how professionals in pediatric oncology estimate the burden and consequences of FoP in parents and how they assess and treat parental FoP. METHOD: N=77 professionals in pediatric oncology (members and associates of the Psychosocial Association in Paediatric Oncology and Haematology, PSAPOH) were examined in an online survey with a self-developed questionnaire...
April 19, 2018: Klinische Pädiatrie
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