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Psychosomatics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426888/adolescent-depression-differential-symptom-presentations-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-youth-using-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9
#1
Melanie L Bozzay, Kimberly N O'Leary, Alessandro S De Nadai, Kim Gryglewicz, Gabriela Romero, Marc S Karver
The present study examined differences in symptom presentation in screening for pediatric depression via evaluation of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). In particular, we examined whether PHQ-9 items function differentially among deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH; n = 75) and hearing (n = 75) youth based on participants recruited from crisis assessment services. Multiple indicators multiple causes models were used to examine whether items of the PHQ-9 functioned differently between groups as well as whether there were group differences in the mean severity of depressive symptoms...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418766/clinical-phenotype-of-depression-affects-interleukin-6-synthesis
#2
Łukasz Zadka, Piotr Dzięgiel, Michał Kulus, Marcin Olajossy
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is not a single disease, but a number of various ailments that form one entity. Psychomotor retardation, anhedonia, sleep disorders, an increased suicide risk, and anxiety are the main symptoms that often define the clinical diagnosis of depression. Interleukin-6 (IL-6), as one of the proinflammatory cytokines, seems to be overexpressed during certain mental disorders, including MDD. Overexpression of IL-6 in depression is thought to be a factor associated with bad prognosis and worse disease course...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416999/bilateral-maxillary-and-mandibular-buccal-exostosis-a-self-reported-case-and-a-proposal-to-include-buccal-exostosis-under-miscellaneous-disorders-of-revised-working-classification-of-the-psychosomatic-disorders-pertaining-to-dental-practice
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405215/the-american-psychosomatic-society-integrating-mind-brain-body-and-social-context-in-medicine-since-1942
#4
REVIEW
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
BACKGROUND: The American Psychosomatic Society is one of the oldest and probably the most influential scientific society in psychosomatic/biopsychosocial research worldwide. The current article delineates the historical development and current strategic orientation of the society. METHOD: Review of published literature, archived materials and current documents of the society. RESULTS: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942, originally named the "American Society for Research in Psychosomatic Problems "...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403499/psychische-belastungsfaktoren-in-der-arbeitswelt-modelle-und-pr%C3%A3-vention
#5
Florian Junne, Monika Rieger, Martina Michaelis, Christoph Nikendei, Harald Gündel, Stephan Zipfel, Eva Rothermund
Psycho-mental stressors and increased perceived stress in workplace settings may determine the onset and course of stress-related mental and psychosomatic disorders. For the description of psycho-mental stressors three distinct models have widely been used in the analyses of the matter: the Demand-Control-Model by Karasek and Theorell, the Effort-Reward-Imbalance Model by Siegrist, and the Model of Organisational Justice.The interactional or social dimension in work-place settings can be seen as a cross-sectional dimension to the above mentioned models...
April 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394427/opioid-system-and-human-emotions
#6
REVIEW
Lauri Nummenmaa, Lauri Tuominen
Emotions are states of vigilant readiness that guide human and animal behaviour during survival-salient situations. Categorical models of emotions posit neurally and physiologically distinct human basic emotions (anger, fear, disgust, happiness, sadness, and surprise) that govern different survival functions. Opioid receptors are expressed abundantly in the mammalian emotion circuit and the opioid system modulates a multitude of functions related to arousal and motivation. Yet, its specific contribution to different basic emotions has remained poorly understood...
April 10, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393435/pathogenetic-significance-and-possibility-as-a-therapeutic-target-of-platelet-derived-growth-factor
#7
REVIEW
Yoko Ishii, Takeru Hamashima, Seiji Yamamoto, Masakiyo Sasahara
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is one of the major mitogens and chemoattractants for mesenchymal and glial cells. Nowadays, the expression of PDGFs are recognized widely in our body, and emerging data indicate the relevance of PDGFs in the homeostatic control of systemic connective tissue as well as parenchymal cells such as neurons. Aberrant PDGF signal is primarily tumorigenic, and also regulates tumor microenvironments. The roles of the PDGF signal in tumorigenesis are diverse depending on the type of cancer, and anti-PDGF therapy needs to be carefully designed based on the information of each tumor cell type and the surrounding microenvironment...
April 10, 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392931/associations-between-weight-related-teasing-and-psychosomatic-symptoms-by-weight-status-among-school-aged-youth
#8
T Warkentin, M M Borghese, I Janssen
OBJECTIVE: Weight-related teasing (WT) is associated with poor mental health. This study examined whether weight status moderates the relationship between WT and psychosomatic symptoms within a representative sample of school-aged youth. METHODS: Data are from the Canadian 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Survey, a nationally representative sample of youth in Grades 6-10. WT, psychosomatic symptoms and body mass index (BMI) were self-reported. RESULTS: The final sample consisted of 20,277 youth (mean age = 14...
March 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391891/statin-associated-muscle-symptoms-managing-the-highly-intolerant
#9
REVIEW
James M Backes, Janelle F Ruisinger, Cheryl A Gibson, Patrick M Moriarty
Musculoskeletal symptoms are the most commonly reported adverse effects associated with statin therapy. Yet, certain data indicate that these symptoms often present in populations with underlying musculoskeletal complaints and are not likely statin related. Switching statins or using lower doses resolves muscle complaints in most patients. However, there is a growing population of individuals who experience intolerable musculoskeletal symptoms with multiple statins, regardless of the individual agent or prescribed dose...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391547/drawing-invisible-wounds-war-comics-and-the-treatment-of-trauma
#10
Joshua M Leone
Since the Vietnam War, graphic novels about war have shifted from simply representing it to portraying avenues for survivors to establish psychological wellness in their lives following traumatic events. While modern diagnostic medicine often looks to science, technology, and medications to treat the psychosomatic damage produced by trauma, my article examines the therapeutic potential of the comics medium with close attention to war comics. Graphic novels draw trauma in a different light: because of the medium's particular combination of words and images in sequence, war comics represent that which is typically unrepresentable, and these books serve as useful tools to promote healing among the psychologically wounded...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377064/the-ulysses-syndrome-an-eponym-identifies-a-psychosomatic-disorder-in-modern-migrants
#11
Raffaella Bianucci, Philippe Charlier, Antonio Perciaccante, Donatella Lippi, Otto Appenzeller
Due to civil wars, violence and persecutions, between 2015 and 2016, more than 1.4 million people, from the Middle East and Africa, fled their counties and migrated to Europe. The vast majority of migrants, who have already experienced enormous level of stressors, are faced with dangerous, often lethal, migratory journeys. Those who survive are exposed to adaptation stressors such as different languages, isolation, lack of work opportunities, diminished social status and a sense of failure in the new countries of residence...
April 1, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373232/texbook-of-evolutionary-psychiatry-and-psychosomatic-medicine-the-origins-of-psychopathology-2nd-edn
#12
Mohammed J Abbas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371963/-use-of-the-symptom-validation-test-beva-in-social-medical-assessment
#13
F Walter, N Lid, F Petermann, A Kobelt
The present study investigates whether the BEVA is suitable to detect negative response bias by claimants with psychosomatic symptoms in the social medical assessment. 107 claimants for disability pension to a psychosomatic disorder fulfilled the BEVA, SIMS and a sociodemographic questionnaire. The social medical examiners assess the credibility of the complaints representation. A Known-Group-Design and a Bootstrapping-Design was used to estimate the validity of the BEVA. For the external criterion SFSS the following psychometric characteristics for the BEVA could be determined: specificity=0...
April 3, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371414/proper-use-of-neurotransmitter-regulators-in-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-based-on-the-symptom-analysis
#14
Qing Qing Luo, Sheng Liang Chen
It has become a great challenge for gastroenterologists to cope with functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in clinical practice due to the more stressful events in life.. A growing body of evidence has shown that neuroregulators such as anti-anxiety agents and antidepressants function well on FGIDs, particularly for cases that are refractory to classical gastrointestinal (GI) medications. Among these centrally acting agents, individualized small dose of tricyclic antidepressants and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are usually recommended as a complement to routine GI management...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361166/-the-first-mental-health-act-in-china-2013-an%C3%A2-historical-step-towards-human-rights
#15
X Zhao
In the past, the mentally ill used to be relentlessly stigmatized and their basic needs grossly neglected in China. Only the coastal cities with their Western oriented universities provided Western type mental healthcare. In general, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) embracing medicinal herbs and acupuncture was practiced. Mental hospitals were non-existent before 1889 and care of the chronically mentally ill rested with their families and the community; however, the prevalence and spectrum of mental disorders were similar to those in Western countries...
March 30, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353625/article-summaries-for-april-2017-psychosomatic-medicine-volume-79-issue-3
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347882/subsyndromal-psychosomatic-concepts-and-personality-traits-in-community-adults
#17
Shih-Cheng Liao, I-Ming Chen, Chao-Ying Tu, Chih-Kang Hsu, Huei-Mei Ma, Min-Tzu Lee, Wei-Lieh Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of features of the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research (DCPR) in the Taiwanese community and to explore their relationships with psychological states and personality traits. METHOD: The participants were 153 individuals without a DSM-5 psychiatric diagnosis who were grouped according to whether they had a DCPR diagnosis (at least one DCPR diagnosis, DCPR(+): n=66; no DCPR diagnosis, DCPR(-): n=87). The groups were compared with respect to psychological states (measured with Patient Health Questionnaire-15 [PHQ-15], Health Anxiety Questionnaire [HAQ], Beck Depression Inventory-II [BDI-II], Beck Anxiety Inventory [BAI)]) and personality (measured with Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire)...
May 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342209/from-somatic-pain-to-psychic-pain-the-body-in-the-psychoanalytic-field
#18
Thomas Hartung, Michael Steinbrecher
The integration of psyche and soma begins with a baby's earliest contact with his or her parents. With the help of maternal empathy and reverie, β-elements are transformed into α-elements. While we understand this to be the case, we would like to enquire what actually happens to those parts of the affect which have not been transformed? For the most part they may be dealt with by evacuation, but they can also remain within the body, subsequently contributing to psychosomatic symptoms. This paper describes how the body serves as an intermediate store between the psychic (inner) and outer reality...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314547/brief-assessment-of-subjective-health-complaints-development-validation-and-population-norms-of-a-brief-form-of-the-giessen-subjective-complaints-list-gbb-8
#19
Sören Kliem, Anna Lohmann, Thimna Klatt, Thomas Mößle, Florian Rehbein, Andreas Hinz, Manfred Beutel, Elmar Brähler
OBJECTIVE: Although there is no causal relationship to medical morbidity, routine clinical assessment of somatic symptoms aids medical diagnosis and assessment of treatment effectiveness. Regardless of their causes, somatic symptoms indicate suffering, distress, and help-seeking behavior. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a brief self-report questionnaire to assess somatic symptom strain. METHODS: A brief form of the Giessen Subjective Complaints List (GBB-8) was developed and validated in a large population sample representative of the Federal Republic of Germany (N=2008)...
April 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298251/impact-of-psychological-health-on-peripheral-endothelial-function-and-the-hpa-axis-activity-in-healthy-adolescents
#20
Yun Chen, Walter Osika, Frida Dangardt, Peter Friberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The development of adolescence psychological health over a 3-year period and its relationship to peripheral endothelial function and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA)-axis activity were examined in a cohort of healthy adolescents in a longitudinal study. METHODS: A total of 162 adolescents (94 females) participated in both baseline (mean age 14.5 ± 1 years) and three-year follow-up studies. Psychological health was evaluated by self-report using the Beck Youth Inventories of Emotional and Social Impairment and the psychosomatic problem scale...
March 9, 2017: Atherosclerosis
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