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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421012/moderated-online-social-therapy-a-model-for-reducing-stress-in-carers-of-young-people-diagnosed-with-mental-health-disorders
#1
John Gleeson, Reeva Lederman, Peter Koval, Greg Wadley, Sarah Bendall, Sue Cotton, Helen Herrman, Kingsley Crisp, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
Family members caring for a young person diagnosed with the onset of mental health problems face heightened stress, depression, and social isolation. Despite evidence for the effectiveness of family based interventions, sustaining access to specialist family interventions is a major challenge. The availability of the Internet provides possibilities to expand and sustain access to evidence-based psychoeducation and personal support for family members. In this paper we describe the therapeutic model and the components of our purpose-built moderated online social therapy (MOST) program for families...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418457/the-field-of-view-available-to-the-ventral-occipito-temporal-reading-circuitry
#2
Rosemary Le, Nathan Witthoft, Michal Ben-Shachar, Brian Wandell
Skilled reading requires rapidly recognizing letters and word forms; people learn this skill best for words presented in the central visual field. Measurements over the last decade have shown that when children learn to read, responses within ventral occipito-temporal cortex (VOT) become increasingly selective to word forms. We call these regions the VOT reading circuitry (VOTRC). The portion of the visual field that evokes a response in the VOTRC is called the field of view (FOV). We measured the FOV of the VOTRC and found that it is a small subset of the entire field of view available to the human visual system...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417703/central-pedicle-reduction-mammaplasty-with-a-vertical-scar-a-technical-modification
#3
Yeon Soo Kim, Kun Hwang, Joo Ho Kim, Tae Ho Kim, Hyung Mook Kim
BACKGROUND: This study introduces a central pedicle reduction mammaplasty with a vertical scar technique. OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed to create a more conical breast shape and long-lasting better projection by modifying reduction mammaplasty by central pedicle flap. METHOD: Preoperative markings were made including the meridian line of breast and the new location of the nipple-areola complex (NAC). The new location of the inframammary fold was marked ∼2 ∼ 4 cm above the original inframammary fold...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417094/contemporary-acupressure-therapy-adroit-cure-for-painless-recovery-of-therapeutic-ailments
#4
REVIEW
Piyush Mehta, Vishwas Dhapte, Shivajirao Kadam, Vividha Dhapte
Since time immemorial, complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) have played a significant role in human health care. CAM is known to have a strong reputation and reliability within every culture to provide basic health care treatment for patients. CAM acts as a better therapeutic option in human being for treating various diseases and improving quality of life with apt consideration to the economic aspects. Acupressure, one of the known CAM, originated in ancient China is based on the principal of acupoints activation across the meridians which correct the imbalance between Qi...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414382/real-time-polarization-imaging-algorithm-for-camera-based-polarization-navigation-sensors
#5
Hao Lu, Kaichun Zhao, Zheng You, Kaoli Huang
Biologically inspired polarization navigation is a promising approach due to its autonomous nature, high precision, and robustness. Many researchers have built point source-based and camera-based polarization navigation prototypes in recent years. Camera-based prototypes can benefit from their high spatial resolution but incur a heavy computation load. The pattern recognition algorithm in most polarization imaging algorithms involves several nonlinear calculations that impose a significant computation burden...
April 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410709/suture-guided-sulcus-implantation-of-a-single-piece-foldable-acrylic-intraocular-lens-after-posterior-capsule-rupture
#6
Harinder Singh Sethi, Mayuresh P Naik
We describe a technique for suture-guided sulcus implantation of a foldable acrylic posterior chamber IOL (PC IOL). A 10-0 monofilament nylon suture is used to control insertion of the PC IOL over the ciliary sulcus and enable safe retrieval if the PC IOL drops during insertion, stabilization, or centration. In this technique, the 10-0 monofilament nylon suture acts as a guy rope to hold onto the PC IOL, enabling the surgeon to inject the IOL into the sulcus, unfold it in the iris plane, dial it in the appropriate meridian, and stabilize it...
March 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403194/calculations-of-actual-corneal-astigmatism-using-total-corneal-refractive-power-before-and-after-myopic-keratorefractive-surgery
#7
Kyoung Yul Seo, Hun Yang, Wook Kyum Kim, Sang Min Nam
PURPOSE: To calculate actual corneal astigmatism using the total corneal refractive astigmatism for the 4-mm apex zone of the Pentacam (TCRP4astig) and keratometric astigmatism (Kastig) before and after photorefractive keratectomy or laser in situ keratomileusis. METHODS: Uncomplicated 56 eyes after more than 6 months from the surgery were recruited by chart review. Various corneal astigmatisms were measured using the Pentacam and autokeratometer before and after surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397323/anatomical-subgroup-analysis-of-the-meridian-cohort-posterior-fossa-abnormalities
#8
Paul D Griffiths, Karen Brackley, Michael Bradburn, Daniel Ja Connolly, Mary L Gawne-Cain, Mark D Kilby, Laura Mandefield, Cara Mooney, Stephen C Robson, Brigitte Vollmer, Gerald Mason
OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic and clinical contribution of in utero magnetic resonance (iuMR) imaging in fetuses diagnosed with abnormalities of the posterior fossa as the only intracranial abnormality recognised on antenatal ultrasonography (USS). METHODS: We report a sub-group analysis of fetuses with abnormalities of the posterior fossa diagnosed on antenatal USS (with or without ventriculomegaly) from the MERIDIAN cohort who had iuMR imaging within 2 weeks of USS and outcome reference data were available...
April 11, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392764/eye-tracking-reveals-that-the-strength-of-the-vertical-horizontal-illusion-increases-as-the-retinal-image-becomes-more-stable-with-fixation
#9
Philippe A Chouinard, Hayden J Peel, Oriane Landry
The closer a line extends toward a surrounding frame, the longer it appears. This is known as a framing effect. Over 70 years ago, Teodor Künnapas demonstrated that the shape of the visual field itself can act as a frame to influence the perceived length of lines in the vertical-horizontal illusion. This illusion is typically created by having a vertical line rise from the center of a horizontal line of the same length creating an inverted T figure. We aimed to determine if the degree to which one fixates on a spatial location where the two lines bisect could influence the strength of the illusion, assuming that the framing effect would be stronger when the retinal image is more stable...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388698/the-magnification-factor-accounts-for-the-greater-hypometria-and-imprecision-of-larger-saccades-evidence-from-a-parametric-human-behavioral-study
#10
Françoise Vitu, Soazig Casteau, Hossein Adeli, Gregory J Zelinsky, Eric Castet
Saccades quite systematically undershoot a peripheral visual target by about 10% of its eccentricity while becoming more variable, mainly in amplitude, as the target becomes more peripheral. This undershoot phenomenon has been interpreted as the strategic adjustment of saccadic gain downstream of the superior colliculus (SC), where saccades are programmed. Here, we investigated whether the eccentricity-related increase in saccades' hypometria and imprecision might not instead result from overrepresentation of space closer to the fovea in the SC and visual-cortical areas...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380840/generation-and-self-healing-of-vector-bessel-gauss-beams-with-variant-state-of-polarizations-upon-propagation
#11
Peng Li, Yi Zhang, Sheng Liu, Huachao Cheng, Lei Han, Dongjing Wu, Jianlin Zhao
We propose a generalized model for the creation of vector Bessel-Gauss (BG) beams having state of polarization (SoP) varying along the propagation direction. By engineering longitudinally varying Pancharatnam-Berry (PB) phases of two constituent components with orthogonal polarizations, we create zeroth- and higher-order vector BG beams having (i) uniform polarizations in the transverse plane that change along z following either the equator or meridian of the Poincaré sphere and (ii) inhomogeneous polarizations in the transverse plane that rotate during propagation along z...
March 6, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370187/differences-in-retinal-shape-between-east-asian-and-caucasian-eyes
#12
Pavan K Verkicharla, Marwan Suheimat, Katrina L Schmid, David A Atchison
PURPOSE: To investigate whether retinal shape is different between East Asians and Caucasians. METHODS: There were 36 East Asian and 40 Caucasian young adults, with refractions between +0.75D and -5.50D. Peripheral eye lengths were obtained after pupil dilation using the Lenstar partial coherence interferometer. Measurements were obtained along the horizontal and vertical meridians of the visual field out to ±35° and ±30°, respectively, in 5° steps. Retinal co-ordinates were estimated using a validated method from the peripheral eye length measurements and ray-tracing through a modified Le Grand full theoretical eye...
March 29, 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362902/variation-of-axial-and-oblique-astigmatism-with-accommodation-across-the-visual-field
#13
Tao Liu, Larry N Thibos
In this study we investigated the impact of accommodation on axial and oblique astigmatism along 12 meridians of the central 30° of visual field and explored the compensation of corneal first-surface astigmatism by the remainder of the eye's optical system. Our experimental evidence revealed no systematic effect of accommodation on either axial or oblique astigmatism for two adult populations (myopic and emmetropic eyes). Although a few subjects exhibited systematic changes in axial astigmatism during accommodation, the dioptric value of these changes was much smaller than the amount of accommodation...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358582/acupuncture-meridian-energies-in-patients-who-are-mentally-disturbed
#14
Kuntal Ghosh, Alex Hankey, Thaiyar M Srinivasan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acupuncture medicine states that different pathologies exhibit different patterns of excitation in the 24 main acupuncture meridians. Previous exploratory work has shown that groups of patients with the same pathology exhibit such characteristic patterns when limited numbers of acupuncture points are measured with the AcuGraph meridian energy measuring device. This study reports patterns of meridian energies observed in an exploratory assessment of different classes of patient with mental disturbance...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358020/nmr-based-metabolomics-reveals-alterations-of-electro-acupuncture-stimulations-on-chronic-atrophic-gastritis-rats
#15
Jingjing Xu, Xujuan Zheng, Kian-Kai Cheng, Xiaorong Chang, Guiping Shen, Mi Liu, Yadong Wang, Jiacheng Shen, Yuan Zhang, Qida He, Jiyang Dong, Zongbao Yang
Chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) is a common gastrointestinal disease which has been considered as precancerous lesions of gastric carcinoma. Previously, electro-acupuncture stimulation has been shown to be effective in ameliorating symptoms of CAG. However the underlying mechanism of this beneficial treatment is yet to be established. In the present study, an integrated histopathological examination along with molecular biological assay, as well as (1)H NMR analysis of multiple biological samples (urine, serum, stomach, cortex and medulla) were employed to systematically assess the pathology of CAG and therapeutic effect of electro-acupuncture stimulation at Sibai (ST 2), Liangmen (ST 21), and Zusanli (ST 36) acupoints located in the stomach meridian using a rat model of CAG...
March 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355310/tangent-screen-perimetry-in-the-evaluation-of-visual-field-defects-associated-with-ptosis-and-dermatochalasis
#16
Molly L Fuller, César A Briceño, Christine C Nelson, Elizabeth A Bradley
PURPOSE: To determine if tangent visual fields gathered during assessment of superior visual field deficits caused by blepharoptosis and dermatochalasis offer good correlation to clinical exam in a time and cost efficient manner. METHODS: Prospective, observational case series. Subjects included all patients referred to a single surgeon (CCN) who underwent surgical correction of blepharoptosis and/or dermatochalasis. Preoperatively and postoperatively, upper margin-to-reflex distances were assessed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352598/a-new-septum-in-the-female-breast
#17
Mostafa Abdel Rahman Awad, Mahmoud Magdi Sherif, Eaman Yahya Sadek, Hesham Aly Helal, Wafaa Raafat Abdel Hamid
BACKGROUND: Understanding the female breast fascial system is of paramount importance in breast surgery. Little was written about breast ligaments. Most articles refer to Cooper's work without further anatomical studies. Lately, a horizontal septum has been described conveying nerves and vessels to the nipple areola complex. METHODS: During the surgical dissection of the lower part of the breast, in supero-medial technique for breast reduction operations, a fascial septum between the lower two quadrants was detected...
March 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337830/anatomical-subgroup-analysis-of-the-meridian-cohort-ventriculomegaly
#18
Paul D Griffiths, Karen Brackley, Michael Bradburn, Daniel Ja Connolly, Mary L Gawne-Cain, Daniel I Griffiths, Mark D Kilby, Laura Mandefield, Cara Mooney, Stephen C Robson, Brigitte Vollmer, Gerald Mason
OBJECTIVE: To assess the contribution of in utero magnetic resonance (iuMR) imaging in fetuses diagnosed with ventriculomegaly as the only abnormal intracranial finding on antenatal ultrasonography (USS) in the MERIDIAN cohort. METHODS: We report a sub-group analysis from the MERIDIAN study, of cases of fetal ventriculomegaly diagnosed on USS who then had iuMR imaging within 2 weeks of USS and for whom outcome reference data were available. The diagnostic accuracy of USS and iuMR are reported in relation to the severity of ventriculomegaly...
March 24, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336469/a-review-of-the-ethnopharmacology-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-notopterygium-incisum
#19
REVIEW
John Teye Azietaku, Huifen Ma, Xie-An Yu, Jin Li, Mahmood Brobbey Oppong, Jun Cao, Mingrui An, Yan-Xu Chang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Notopterygium incisum Ting ex H.T. Chang, known in Chinese as 'Qianghuo' is a traditional Chinese medicinal herb with the rhizome and roots associated with meridians of the kidney and urinary bladder. It is pungent, bitter and warm in nature. It has been used over the years to disperse cold, prevent painful obstructions from wind, damp and warm pain. It has also been used with other herbs to treat wind-cold exterior syndrome and wind-cold-damp bi-syndromes and has been known to grow well in regions of high altitude such as Gansu, Tibet etc...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333895/visual-field-defects-in-young-patients-with-open-angle-glaucoma-comparison-between-high-tension-and-normal-tension-glaucoma
#20
Ji-Hye Park, Chungkwon Yoo, Jinhwan Park, Yong Yeon Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical features of young Korean patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG), and to compare visual field (VF) defects between patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) and those with high-tension glaucoma (HTG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with OAG younger than 40 years of age were divided into NTG and HTG groups based on untreated intraocular pressure (IOP) level. The patients were matched according to the mean deviation of standard automated perimetry...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Glaucoma
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