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Manuel Garza-Leon, Hugo A Fuentes-de la Fuente, Ana V García-Treviño
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the reproducibility of ocular biometry using the IOLMaster-700 in a healthy population. METHODS: This is a prospective, cross-sectional, observational reproducibility study. Ocular biometry was performed three times on each of 45 studied eyes. Flattest meridian (Kf) and the steepest meridian (Ks), central corneal thickness, axial length, anterior chamber depth, aqueous depth, lens thickness, and white-to-white distances were recorded...
October 21, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Sonika Patel, Carl T Talmo, Sumon Nandi
BACKGROUND: Taper corrosion at the modular junctions of total hip arthroplasty (THA) femoral stems are known to cause locally destructive adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR). However, the implants at risk remain to be fully elucidated. CASE REVIEW: We report the case of a 76-year-old woman with hip pain, abductor weakness, and sciatic nerve symptoms 2 years following metal-on-polyethylene THA. Serum cobalt levels were elevated, while chromium levels were normal...
October 15, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Agostino S Vaiano, Elisabet Coronado Quitllet, Gaetano Zinzanella, Giacomo De Benedetti, Guido Caramello
PURPOSE: To assess the reproducibility and accuracy of ultrasound (US) measurements in determining the distance between corneoscleral limbus and retinal break and its relation with the distance measured by indirect ophthalmoscopy, in patients undergoing a laser retinopexy procedure. METHODS: Forty-four patients with a single retinal break, scheduled for laser a retinopexy procedure (26 phakic patients and 18 pseudophakic patients), underwent 5 repeated measurements by high-resolution US and 3 measurements (at the time of the laser procedure, 1 and 3 months) by indirect ophthalmoscopy with scleral indentation of the corneoscleral limbus-retinal break distance with a caliper...
October 17, 2016: Retina
Zhengwei Zhang, Yuanting Zhou, Zhifang Xie, Tiantian Chen, Yan Gu, Shui Lu, Zhifeng Wu
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of topical atropine on choroidal thickness using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. A total of 30 healthy eyes from 30 children were analyzed in this study. A single drop of 1% atropine gel was administered twice daily for a week. Choroidal thickness (CT) was measured using SD-OCT, and changes in CT before and after administration of the eye drops were analyzed at the subfovea and at 1.0-mm intervals (up to 3.0 mm) from the fovea at superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal locations...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Seyed Mohammad Ghoreishi, Seyed Ali Akbar Mortazavi, Zahra-Alsadat Abtahi, Mohammad-Ali Abtahi, Seyed Ali Sonbolestan, Seyed-Hossein Abtahi, Mohadeseh Mohammadinia, Kimia Nekouie Isfahani
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to assess the agreement of anterior segment optical coherence tomography with its older well-known opponent i.e., Sheimpflug imaging in evaluation of the cornea in normal and keratoconus subjects. METHODS: 107 normal and 56 keratoconus eyes were evaluated with the anterior segment optical coherence tomography followed by the Scheimpflug imaging. Parameters included axial keratometry data in both of steep and flat meridians, mean keratometry and the astigmatism values in the central 4...
September 26, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Bo Chen, Ming-Yue Li, Yi Guo, Xue Zhao, Hui-Min Calista Lim
Exosomes are cell-derived vesicles that take part in intercellular signaling. Research has shown that acupuncture is closely related to affecting the functions of the mast cells in the local region of the acupoint, and stimulating the afferent nerve. Mast cells have a connection with the conduction within the meridians, and play an important role in immuno-regulation. The 'synapse-like' connection between the mast cells and nerve endings is the basis for the exchange of information between these two tissues...
September 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Z D Li, F J Bao, Q M Wang, J H Huang
Objective: To establish a finite-element biomechanical model of astigmatic keratotomy, and to investigate the impact of surgical parameters on corneal deformation, stress distribution and astigmatism correction. Methods: With Rhinoceros modeling and Abaqus finite element analysis software, a three-dimensional finite-element model of astigmatic cornea was developed, and surgical parameters such as incision optical zone, incision depth and length were varied. Postoperative corneal stress, apical deformation and astigmatism correction were assessed...
September 11, 2016: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
Scott A Read, David Alonso-Caneiro, Stephen J Vincent, Alexander Bremner, Annabel Fothergill, Brittney Ismail, Rebecca McGraw, Charlotte J Quirk, Elspeth Wrigley
The sclera and conjunctiva form part of the eye's tough, protective outer coat, and play important roles in the eye's mechanical protection and immune defence, as well as in determining the size and shape of the eye globe. Advances in ocular imaging technology now allow these tissues in the anterior eye to be imaged non-invasively and with high resolution, however there is a paucity of data examining the dimensions of these tissues in paediatric populations. In this study, we have used optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging to examine the normal in vivo thickness profile of the anterior sclera and overlying conjunctiva in 111 healthy young participants, including a large proportion of paediatric subjects...
2016: Scientific Reports
Laura Remón, Juan A Monsoriu, Walter D Furlan
PURPOSE: To investigate the change in visual acuity (VA) produced by different types of astigmatism (on the basis of the refractive power and position of the principal meridians) on normal accommodating eyes. METHODS: The lens induced method was employed to simulate a set of 28 astigmatic blur conditions on different healthy emmetropic eyes. Additionally, 24 values of spherical defocus were also simulated on the same eyes for comparison. VA was measured in each case and the results, expressed in logMAR units, were represented against of the modulus of the dioptric power vector (blur strength)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Optometry
Alena Ondrejkovicova, Gabriel Petrovics, Katarína Svitkova, Bibiana Bajtekova, Ondrej Bangha
Acupuncture is one of the branches of Chinese Traditional Medicine dating back almost 5 000 years. The expansion of China's trade and business relations with other Asian countries brought about the spreading of acupuncture in 7th Century. Nowadays, acupuncture is an interdisciplinary clinical field of Medicine dealing with treatment, diagnostics and prevention of mainly functional disorders, algic, allergic and addictive conditions of various etiology, localization and intensity. It draws from the millennia of experience of Oriental Medicine as well as contemporary knowledge of morphology, physiology and neurophysiology...
July 16, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
Qinghe Jing, Yating Tang, Dongjin Qian, Yi Lu, Yongxiang Jiang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the characteristics of the posterior corneal surface in patients with high myopia before cataract surgery. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study at the Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Corneal astigmatism and axial length were measured with a rotating Scheimpflug camera (Pentacam) and partial coherence interferometry (IOLMaster) in a high-myopia study group of 167 eyes (axial length ≥ 26 mm) and a control group of 150 eyes (axial length > 20 mm and < 25 mm)...
2016: PloS One
Noel Alpins, James K Y Ong, George Stamatelatos
PURPOSE: To determine whether the flattening effect of corneal incisions differs between the right and left eye. METHODS: A retrospective study of preoperative and postoperative corneal astigmatism was performed for patients who had bilateral cataract surgery by a right-handed surgeon. The change in corneal astigmatism was attributed to the 2.2-mm phacoemulsification incision, and the incisional flattening effect was calculated. The incisions were grouped by position on the eye and whether they were performed on the preoperative steep corneal meridian...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Wenjuan Zhang, Qin Tao, Zihu Guo, Yingxue Fu, Xuetong Chen, Piar Ali Shar, Mohamed Shahen, Jinglin Zhu, Jun Xue, Yaofei Bai, Ziyin Wu, Zhenzhong Wang, Wei Xiao, Yonghua Wang
Though cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and gastrointestinal disorders (GIDs) are different diseases associated with different organs, they are highly correlated clinically. Importantly, in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), similar treatment strategies have been applied in both diseases. However, the etiological mechanisms underlying them remain unclear. Here, an integrated systems pharmacology approach is presented for illustrating the molecular correlations between CVDs and GIDs. Firstly, we identified pairs of genes that are associated with CVDs and GIDs and found that these genes are functionally related...
2016: Scientific Reports
Neslihan Bayraktar Bilen, Ibrahim F Hepsen, Carlos G Arce
AIM: To analyze the relationship between two visual functions and refractive, topographic, pachymetric and aberrometric indicators in eyes with keratoconus. METHODS: Corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), and letter contrast sensitivity (CS) were correlated with refraction, corneal topography, pachymetry, and total corneal wavefront data prospectively in 71 eyes with keratoconus. The topographic indices assessed were simulated keratometry for the flattest and steepest meridians (SimK1 and SimK2), posterior steeper K (Ks), elevation value in best-fit sphere (BFS) maps, squared eccentricity (Є(2)), aspheric asymmetric index (AAI), pachymetry, thickness progression index (TPI), the amount of pachymetric decentralization (APD), and GalileiTM-keratoconus indices...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Ru-Yu Pan, Yung-Chi Hsu, Chih-Shung Wong, Shinn-Long Lin, Tsung-Ying Li, Chen-Hwan Cherng, Shan-Chi Ko, Chun-Chang Yeh
The aim of this study was to compare the short-term outcomes between 2 different treatments for unilateral chronic shoulder pain of myofascial origin, that is, local tender area related meridians (LTARMs) treatment and collateral meridian therapy (CMT), which were performed 6 times over a period of 4 weeks.Seventy patients with unilateral shoulder pain of chronic myofascial origin were enrolled. The patients were randomly assigned to 2 different treatment groups: 1 group received CMT (n = 35) and the other received LTARM (n = 35)...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Han He, Chao Shen, Huaning Wang, Xiaoxin Zhang, Bo Chen, Jun Yan, Yongliao Zou, Anders M Jorgensen, Fei He, Yan Yan, Xiaoshuai Zhu, Ya Huang, Ronglan Xu
The Moon-based Extreme Ultraviolet Camera (EUVC) of the Chang'e 3 mission provides a global and instantaneous meridian view (side view) of the Earth's plasmasphere. The plasmasphere is one inner component of the whole magnetosphere, and the configuration of the plasmasphere is sensitive to magnetospheric activity (storms and substorms). However, the response of the plasmaspheric configuration to substorms is only partially understood, and the EUVC observations provide a good opportunity to investigate this issue...
2016: Scientific Reports
Shagun K Bhatia, Alia Rashid, Micah A Chrenek, Qing Zhang, Beau B Bruce, Mitchel Klein, Jeffrey H Boatright, Yi Jiang, Hans E Grossniklaus, John M Nickerson
PURPOSE: To describe the RPE morphometry of healthy human eyes regarding age and topographic location using modern computational methods with high accuracy and objectivity. We tested whether there were regional and age-related differences in RPE cell area and shape. METHODS: Human cadaver donor eyes of varying ages were dissected, and the RPE flatmounts were immunostained for F-actin with AF635-phalloidin, nuclei stained with propidium iodide, and imaged with confocal microscopy...
2016: Molecular Vision
Jiae Choi, Ji Hee Jun, Ju Ah Lee, Myeong Soo Lee
This systematic review aims to evaluate the therapeutic effects of yoga therapy using an evidence-based approach and investigates the relationship between yoga and the meridian energies based on all available clinical studies in Korea. Sixteen electronic databases will be searched from the inception of the study until January 2016. All clinical evidences that evaluate any type of yoga and any type of control in individuals with any type of condition will be eligible. The methodological quality will be assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool for randomized clinical trials and the Newcastle-Ottawa scale for nonrandomized studies...
August 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
Funda Yildirim, Frans W Cornelissen
An unresolved question in vision research is whether perceptual decision making and action are based on the same or on different neural representations. Here, we address this question for a straightforward task, the judgment of location. In our experiment, observers decided on the closer of two peripheral objects-situated on the horizontal meridian in opposite hemifields-and made a saccade to indicate their choice. Correct saccades landed close to the actual (physical) location of the target. However, in case of errors, saccades went in the direction of the more distant object, yet landed on a position approximating that of the closer one...
December 2015: I-Perception
Uchechukwu Levi Osuagwu, Marwan Suheimat, James S Wolffsohn, David A Atchison
PURPOSE: To investigate the operation of the Shin-Nippon/Grand Seiko autorefractor and whether higher-order aberrations affect its peripheral refraction measurements. METHODS: Information on instrument design, together with parameters and equations used to obtain refraction, was obtained from a patent. A model eye simulating the operating principles was tested with an optical design program. Effects of induced defocus and astigmatism on the retinal image were used to calibrate the model eye to match the patent equations...
October 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
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