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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917407/corneal-topography-and-keratometry-changes-after-glued-intraocular-lens-implantation
#1
Dhivya Ashok Kumar, Harspreet Kaur, Amar Agarwal, Sajitha Selvaraj, Sathish Kumar Pandian, Vamsi Chintalpati
PURPOSE: To analyze the alterations in corneal topography and keratometry (K) after glued transscleral-fixated intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. SETTING: Dr. Agarwal's Eye Hospital, Chennai, India. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Eyes having glued IOL implantation for aphakia or subluxated lens (>180 degrees) were included. Preoperative autorefractometer and corneal topography was performed. Intraoperative parameters, namely the type, position, and incision size, flap position, and number of sutures were noted...
August 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916881/a-3d-mammometric-comparison-of-implant-based-breast-reconstruction-with-and-without-acellular-dermal-matrix-adm
#2
Cynthia Tsay, Victor Zhu, Tracy Sturrock, Ajul Shah, Stephanie Kwei
This retrospective study utilizes 3D imaging and mammometrics to compare implant-based breast reconstruction with and without the use of ADM. Previous studies have suggested improved aesthetic outcomes with the use of ADM, but none have been able to quantify this difference. Images were obtained at early and late time points following the expander-implant exchange procedure. Measurements included the point of maximum projection, the superior, inferior, medial and lateral volumetric distribution, and the distance from the point of maximum projection to the inframammary fold along the breast meridian...
September 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887216/phytochemistry-pharmacology-quality-control-and-future-research-of-forsythia-suspensa-thunb-vahl-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Zhaoyi Wang, Qing Xia, Xin Liu, Wenxue Liu, Wanzhen Huang, Xue Mei, Jun Luo, Mingxu Shan, Zhiqiang Ma, Ruichao Lin
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Forsythiae Fructus (called Lianqiao in Chinese), the fruit of Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl, is utilized as a common traditional medicine in China, Japan and Korea. It is traditionally used to treat pyrexia, inflammation, gonorrhea, carbuncle and erysipelas. Depending on the different harvest time, Forsythiae Fructus can be classified into two forms, namely Qingqiao and Laoqiao. The greenish fruits that start to ripen are collected as Qingqiao, while the yellow fruits that are fully ripe are collected as Laoqiao...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832737/corneal-backscatter-in-insulin-dependent-and-non-insulin-dependent-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-pilot-study
#4
Ana M Calvo-Maroto, Rafael J Pérez-Cambrodí, José J Esteve-Taboada, Santiago García-Lázaro, Aleja Ndro Cerviño
PURPOSE: To compare central corneal backscatter obtained from Scheimpflug images between patients with insulin-dependent and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM and NIDDM, respectively) and healthy controls. METHODS: Seven patients with IDDM (7 eyes), eleven patients with NIDDM (11 eyes), and sixteen healthy subjects (16 eyes) were included in this pilot study. Scheimpflug imaging system (Pentacam, Oculus Inc., Germany) was used to obtain optical sections of the cornea...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820921/analysis-of-cone-mosaic-reflectance-properties-in-healthy-eyes-and-in-eyes-with-nonproliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-over-time
#5
Letizia Mariotti, Nicholas Devaney, Giuseppe Lombardo, Marco Lombardo
Purpose: We investigate the reflectance properties of the cone mosaic in adaptive optics (AO) images of healthy subjects and subjects with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) over time. Methods: We acquired images of the parafoveal cone mosaic over 5 years in 12 healthy subjects and in six patients with mild NPDR. We analyzed the parameters of the cone intensity histogram distribution (mean, SD, and skewness), two metrics of the cone mosaic texture (sharpness and entropy), and two novel metrics (cone/intercone intensity and slope of the variogram)...
August 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816727/effect-of-time-on-scleral-lens-settling-and-change-in-corneal-clearance
#6
Heinz Otchere, Lyndon W Jones, Luigina Sorbara
SIGNIFICANCE: With the increase in the use of scleral contact lenses among practitioners, questions regarding lens settling are gradually gaining attention. This is because current studies support the notion that scleral lenses settle back over time. More research is needed to understand the exact cause and the factors that underpin such phenomenon. PURPOSE: The present study aims to assess the effect of time on topographic corneal clearance of three scleral contact lenses of varying sagittal depths...
September 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811830/changes-of-blood-flux-at-bl21-and-points-along-bl-meridian-resulted-from-acupuncture-or-moxibustion-case-cross-design-study
#7
Guangjun Wang, Shuyong Jia, Hongyan Li, Ze Wang, Yuying Tian, Weibo Zhang
Acupuncture (Acup) and moxibustion (Moxi) are commonly used interventions in clinical practice. However, the difference between Acup and moxibustion mechanisms is unclear. In current study, blood perfusion responses resulted from Acup or Moxi at Weishu acupoint (BL21) and control points were explored, respectively. The time series of blood flux signals at BL21 and control points were transformed with Morlet wavelet, and the differences in each frequency interval were observed. The results suggested that acupoint response to different stimulation is a comprehensive process which related to all components of blood perfusion signals...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810342/-study-on-the-excavated-wooden-carved-acupuncture-statue-of-the-western-han-dynasty-in-laoguanshan
#8
L X Huang
The painted red lines on the wooden carved acupuncture statue of Western Han Dynasty in Laoguanshan, illustrate the running courses of the"eleven meridians"on the body surface in the early meridian doctrine. The carved white lines show the body surface running courses of the"twelve meridians"in the meridian doctrine and the Sanjiao images in Sanjiao doctrine. The dots on the wooden carved acupuncture statue are of two categories, one of them is of regulatory, round and concave spots, which are carved before the process of lacquer undercoat...
May 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808586/quality-of-vision-after-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty-fluid-dissection-compared-to-penetrating-keratoplasty-for-the-treatment-of-keratoconus
#9
Islam Mahmoud Hamdi, Momen Mahmoud Hamdi
PURPOSE: To compare the visual quality of patients with keratoconus who underwent penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) or deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) with fluid dissection. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. METHODS: Twelve eyes that underwent PKP (PKP group) were compared to 24 eyes that underwent DALK (DALK group) after complete removal of sutures and stability of refraction. Visual, refractive, corneal topographic, corneal aberrometry, and ocular aberrometry parameters were compared for both groups...
2017: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777384/changes-in-anterior-ocular-structures-and-macula-following-deep-sclerectomy-with-collagen-implant
#10
Sakari M A Suominen, Mika P Harju, Asta M E Hautamäki, Eija T Vesti
PURPOSE: To determine the effect of intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering with deep sclerectomy (DS) on visual acuity, macular structures, and anterior ocular dimensions during the early postoperative period. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 35 eyes of 35 patients scheduled for DS. Our focus with the measurements was on early postoperative changes in anterior ocular and macular structures related to IOP lowering during the first month after DS. In addition to a clinical ophthalmologic examination, our measurements included corneal topography, measurement of ocular dimensions with optical biometry, and examination of macular structure with optical coherence tomography...
August 2, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768730/detection-of-plasmodium-spp-infection-by-the-illumigene%C3%A2-malaria-assay-compared-to-reference-microscopy-and-real-time-pcr
#11
Candace Rypien, Barbara Chow, Wilson Chan, Deirdre Church, Dylan R Pillai
Malaria is one of the leading causes of infectious disease in returning travelers from the tropics. Diagnosis of malaria is typically performed by examination of Giemsa-stained thick and thin peripheral blood smears, which is time-consuming, labor-intensive and requires high levels of proficiency. Alternatively, loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a new molecular method, which is rapid, sensitive, and requires less capital equipment and technological training. We conducted a retrospective study comparing two formats of a commercial LAMP assay (Meridian illumigene® Malaria [M] and Malaria Plus [MP]) versus reference microscopy on archived blood specimens (n=140) obtained from unique returning travelers suspected of having malaria...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754994/-1-h-nmr-based-investigation-of-metabolic-response-to-electro-acupuncture-stimulation
#12
Caigui Lin, Zhiliang Wei, Kian-Kai Cheng, Jingjing Xu, Guiping Shen, Chang She, Huan Zhong, Xiaorong Chang, Jiyang Dong
Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine therapy that has been found useful for treating various diseases. The treatments involve the insertion of fine needles at acupoints along specific meridians (meridian specificity). This study aims to investigate the metabolic basis of meridian specificity using proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR)-based metabolomics. Electro-acupuncture (EA) stimulations were performed at acupoints of either Stomach Meridian of Foot-Yangming (SMFY) or Gallbladder Meridian of Foot-Shaoyang (GMFS) in healthy male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats...
July 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750969/a-case-study-utilizing-myofascial-release-acupressure-and-trigger-point-therapy-to-treat-bilateral-stringhalt-in-a-12%C3%A2-year-old-akhal-teke-horse
#13
Tammy Brockman
"Stringhalt" is a horse condition that causes one or both hind legs to spasm when walking, trotting or backing. The condition is thought to be related to a neurological cause from either plant toxicity or peripheral nerve injury. The prognosis is poor and the horse's performance and quality of life can be affected. Treatment has included surgically cutting the digital extensors with varied results. The objective of the study is to utilize soft tissue release via acupressure, trigger point and myofascial release to decrease symptoms of stringhalt...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750747/orientation-defined-boundaries-are-detected-with-low-efficiency
#14
Joshua A Solomon, Michael J Morgan
When compared with other summary statistics (mean size, size variance, orientation variance), visual estimates of average orientation are inefficient. Observers act as if they use information from no more than two or three items. We hypothesised that observers would attain greater sampling efficiency when their task did not require an explicit representation of mean orientation. We tested this hypothesis using a texture-segmentation task. Two arrays of 32 wavelets each were presented; one left and one right of fixation...
September 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742623/prediction-of-orthokeratology-lens-decentration-with-corneal-elevation
#15
Zhi Chen, Feng Xue, Jiaqi Zhou, Xiaomei Qu, Xingtao Zhou
SIGNIFICANCE: Lens decentration is common and unavoidable to some extent during ortho-k treatment. By using a simplified method, we are able to predict the magnitude and direction of ortho-k lens decentration, which provides useful insights in screening for ideal ortho-k candidates and to make a quick decision when decentration happens. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of corneal elevation asymmetry on ortho-k lens decentration. METHODS: Thirty-six eyes of 36 subjects were fitted with four-curve reverse geometry ortho-k contact lenses...
September 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741060/efficacy-of-modified-wuzhuyu-decoction-granule-for-migraine-patients-with-cold-and-stasis-obstructing-meridian-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#16
Hong-Wei Liu, Yi-Huai Zou, Ke-Gang Cao, Li-Hua Yu, Yong Zhang, Cai-Hong Fu, Da-Yong Ma
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of modified Wuzhuyu Decoction Granule (, MWDG) in the treatment of migraine patients with cold and stasis obstructing meridian syndrome. METHODS: This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. A total of 78 migraine patients with cold and stasis obstructing meridian syndrome were recruited and randomly assigned by a ratio of 2:1 into a treatment group (51 cases) and a placebo group (27 cases). Patients in the treatment group were treated with MWDG while placebo granules were applied in the control group...
July 25, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737608/a-randomized-trial-of-soft-multifocal-contact-lenses-for-myopia-control-baseline-data-and-methods
#17
Jeffrey J Walline, Amber Gaume Giannoni, Loraine T Sinnott, Moriah A Chandler, Juan Huang, Donald O Mutti, Lisa A Jones-Jordan, David A Berntsen
SIGNIFICANCE: The Bifocal Lenses In Nearsighted Kids (BLINK) study is the first soft multifocal contact lens myopia control study to compare add powers and measure peripheral refractive error in the vertical meridian, so it will provide important information about the potential mechanism of myopia control. PURPOSE: The BLINK study is a National Eye Institute-sponsored, double-masked, randomized clinical trial to investigate the effects of soft multifocal contact lenses on myopia progression...
September 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732605/prediction-of-postoperative-intraocular-lens-tilt-using-swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography
#18
Nino Hirnschall, Tobias Buehren, Ferid Bajramovic, Michael Trost, Tanja Teuber, Oliver Findl
PURPOSE: To compare crystalline lens tilt in eyes before and intraocular lens (IOL) tilt in eyes after cataract surgery using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) (IOLMaster 700). SETTING: Hanusch Hospital, Vienna, Austria. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Patients' eyes were scanned 1 week before and 2 months after cataract surgery with IOL implantation using an SS-OCT device. This device performs B-scans along 6 meridians (0, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 degrees) to determine lens and IOL tilt...
June 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731059/optical-coherence-tomography-detection-of-characteristic-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thinning-in-nasal-hypoplasia-of-the-optic-disc
#19
M Haruta, R Kodama, R Yamakawa
PurposeTo determine the clinical usefulness of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for detecting thinning of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in eyes with nasal hypoplasia of the optic discs (NHOD).Patients and methodsThe medical records of five patients (eight eyes) with NHOD were reviewed. The ratio of the disc-macula distance to the disc diameter (DM/DD) and the disc ovality ratio of the minimal to maximal DD were assessed using fundus photographs. The RNFL thicknesses of the temporal, superior, nasal, and inferior quadrants were evaluated using OCT quadrant maps...
July 21, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717380/response-of-local-nitric-oxide-release-to-manual-acupuncture-and-electrical-heat-in-humans-effects-of-reinforcement-methods
#20
Sheng-Xing Ma, Paul C Lee, Thomas L Anderson, Xi-Yan Li, Isabelle Z Jiang
This study was to examine the influences of manual acupuncture (MA) and electrical heat corresponding to reinforcing methods on nitric oxide (NO) release over the skin regions in humans. A device with collecting solution was taped to the skin surface along pericardium (PC) or lung (LU) meridian. Acupuncture needles were gently inserted into PC 4 with reinforcing stimulation (low force/rate) for 20 minutes in the MA group. LU11 on the finger was heated (43-44°C) by electrical heat for 20 minutes. Biocapture was consecutively conducted for two 20-minute intervals during and after each treatment...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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