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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213697/danger-of-injudicious-use-of-tui-na-therapy-in-ankylosing-spondylitis
#1
Gen Zou, Guyi Wang, Jinxiu Li, Guobao Wu, Jia Huang, Siyang Huang
Tui-na is a very important component of Chinese medicine. It is a well-respected treatment modality known to be helpful and safe for a wide range of conditions. It can be considered as a certain kind of massage which is performed at acupoints, meridians, and collaterals by pushing, finger twisting, grasping thumb waving pressing, patting, palm twisting, and other manipulation techniques. At present, it is extensively used for relieving pain and stiffness associated with ankylosing spondylitis in China, even though there is a lack of evidence to support its validation and feasibility...
February 17, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211176/peripheral-aberrations-in-adult-hyperopes-emmetropes-and-myopes
#2
Uchechukwu L Osuagwu, Marwan Suheimat, David A Atchison
PURPOSE: To determine differences in peripheral aberrations in hyperopic, emmetropic and myopic groups. METHODS: Cycloplegic peripheral aberrations for 5 mm pupils were measured at 39 locations across 42° × 32° of right eye visual fields with a COAS-HD Hartmann-Shack aberrometer in nine hyperopes (mean age 29 ± 5 years, spherical equivalent refraction M + 1.47 ± 0.58 D), 20 emmetropes (28 ± 7 years, +0.06 ± 0.36 D) and 20 myopes (27 ± 6 years, -2...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185842/corneal-astigmatism-measurement-by-ray-tracing-versus-anterior-surface-based-keratometry-in-candidates-for-toric-iol-implantation
#3
Ugo de Sanctis, Piero Donna, Rachele R Penna, Maria Isabella Calastri, Chiara M Eandi
PURPOSE: To compare corneal astigmatism derived from total corneal refractive power (CATCRP), a ray-tracing method, with that derived from simulated keratometry (CASimK), an anterior surface-based method, in candidates for toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. DESIGN: Reliability analysis. METHODS: In one eye of 200 consecutive patients (mean age 71 ±9 years) with cataract, a Pentacam HR (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany) was used to measure CATCRP and CASimK...
February 6, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178925/torsional-and-flattening-effect-on-corneal-astigmatism-after-cataract-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis
#4
Yuli Park, Hyun Seung Kim
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the torsional and flattening effect of steep meridian incisions and influence of posterior corneal astigmatism (PCA) on total corneal astigmatism (TCA) after cataract surgery. METHODS: One hundred thirty-two eyes underwent cataract surgery with steep meridian 2.2 mm microcoaxial and 2.85 mm conventional clear corneal incisions. Eyes were divided into with-the-rule (WTR) astigmatism and against-the-rule (ATR) astigmatism groups depending on the steeper meridian and measured with autokeratorefractor and Pentacam® before surgery, at 1 day, 1 week, 1 and 2 months postoperatively...
February 8, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169283/ultra-high-resolution-profiles-of-macular-intra-retinal-layer-thicknesses-and-associations-with-visual-field-defects-in-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#5
Qi Chen, Shenghai Huang, Qingkai Ma, Huiling Lin, Mengmeng Pan, Xinting Liu, Fan Lu, Meixiao Shen
The structural characteristics of the outer retinal layers in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) are still controversial, and these changes, along with those in the inner retinal layers, could have clinical and/or pathophysiological significance. A custom-built ultra-high resolution optical coherence tomography (UHR-OCT) combined with an automated segmentation algorithm can image and measure the eight intra-retinal layers. The purpose of this study is to determine the thickness characteristics of the macular intra-retinal layers, especially the outer layers, in POAG patients...
February 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161998/paternal-genetic-structure-in-contemporary-mennonite-communities-from-the-american-midwest
#6
Kristine G Beaty, M J Mosher, Michael H Crawford, Phillip Melton
Over the last 35 years, researchers from the Laboratory of Biological Anthropology at the University of Kansas have been working with Mennonite communities to better understand evolutionary patterns of fission-fusion in relationship to their genetic history and population structure. In this study, short tandem repeat (STR) markers from the nonrecombining region of the Y chromosome (NRY) provided increased resolution of the molecular population structure for these groups. NRY is known to be informative for determining paternal genetic ancestral patterns in recently derived human populations...
April 2016: Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158579/first-line-bevacizumab-plus-paclitaxel-in-japanese-patients-with-her2-negative-metastatic-breast-cancer-subgroup-results-from-the-randomized-phase-iii-meridian-trial
#7
Norikazu Masuda, Masato Takahashi, Kazuhiko Nakagami, Yasuhiro Okumura, Takahiro Nakayama, Nobuaki Sato, Kazumitsu Kanatani, Kosei Tajima, Masahiro Kashiwaba
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157914/angle-of-sky-light-polarization-derived-from-digital-images-of-the-sky-under-various-conditions
#8
Wenjing Zhang, Yu Cao, Xuanzhe Zhang, Yi Yang, Yu Ning
Skylight polarization is used for navigation by some birds and insects. Skylight polarization also has potential for human navigation applications. Its advantages include relative immunity from interference and the absence of error accumulation over time. However, there are presently few examples of practical applications for polarization navigation technology. The main reason is its weak robustness during cloudy weather conditions. In this paper, the real-time measurement of the sky light polarization pattern across the sky has been achieved with a wide field of view camera...
January 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152147/trend-based-progression-analysis-for-examination-of-the-topography-of-rates-of-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thinning-in-glaucoma
#9
Chen Lin, Heather Mak, Marco Yu, Christopher Kai-Shun Leung
Importance: Measurement of the rates of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thinning has consisted primarily of the circumpapillary RNFL profile. This study reports the rates of RNFL thinning over the 6 × 6 mm2 RNFL thickness map and their application for indication of visual field (VF) worsening in patients with glaucoma. Objective: To investigate the association between the rates of RNFL thinning and the risk of VF worsening in patients with glaucoma. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective study included 117 eyes of 89 Chinese patients with primary open-angle glaucoma followed up at approximate 4-month intervals for 5 or more years between July 1, 2007, and October 30, 2015, with progressive RNFL thinning detected by optical coherence tomography trend-based progression analysis (TPA)...
February 2, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113134/shape-variability-of-the-adult-human-acetabulum-and-acetabular-fossa-related-to-sex-and-age-by-geometric-morphometrics-implications-for-adult-age-estimation
#10
Marta San-Millán, Carme Rissech, Daniel Turbón
This study aims to explore shape variability of the acetabulum during the human adult life span, in relation to sex and age. The human acetabular shape was analysed in 682 os coxae from three different documented skeletal collections from the Iberian Peninsula. Two landmarks and thirty-two sliding semi-landmarks were used for the geometric morphometric procedures and a clock-wise standard was used for orientation. The 180° meridian (6:00) line was positioned over the midpoint of the acetabular notch and 36 reference points in 10° increments along the rim were marked...
January 16, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101423/assessing-the-effects-of-riboflavin-uv-a-crosslinking-on-porcine-corneal-mechanical-anisotropy-with-optical-coherence-elastography
#11
Manmohan Singh, Jiasong Li, Zhaolong Han, Raksha Raghunathan, Achuth Nair, Chen Wu, Chih-Hao Liu, Salavat Aglyamov, Michael D Twa, Kirill V Larin
In this work we utilize optical coherence elastography (OCE) to assess the effects of UV-A/riboflavin corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) on the mechanical anisotropy of in situ porcine corneas at various intraocular pressures (IOP). There was a distinct meridian of increased Young's modulus in all samples, and the mechanical anisotropy increased as a function of IOP and also after CXL. The presented noncontact OCE technique was able to quantify the Young's modulus and elastic anisotropy of the cornea and their changes as a function of IOP and CXL, opening new avenues of research for evaluating the effects of CXL on corneal biomechanical properties...
January 1, 2017: Biomedical Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087178/acupuncture-for-serum-uric-acid-in-patients-with-asymptomatic-hyperuricemia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Yingjuan Huang, Jun Meng, Baoguo Sun, Ting Xiang, Xin Zhou, Biyu Xu, Yingzi Wu, Zexiong Chen, Shijun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia (HUA) is the most common disease associated with cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, hypertension, and kidney disease. The objective of the current study was to evaluate the preliminary efficacy, mechanism, and safety of acupuncture on serum uric acid in patients with asymptomatic HUA. METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial among 123 patients with asymptomatic HUA was conducted. The acupoints used in the acupuncture group were bilateral Five Shu in Spleen Meridian...
January 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059700/an-extended-retinotopic-map-of-mouse-cortex
#13
Jun Zhuang, Lydia Ng, Derric Williams, Matthew Valley, Yang Li, Marina Garrett, Jack Waters
Visual perception and behavior are mediated by cortical areas that have been distinguished using architectonic and retinotopic criteria. We employed fluorescence imaging and GCaMP6 reporter mice to generate retinotopic maps, revealing additional regions of retinotopic organization that extend into barrel and retrosplenial cortices. Aligning retinotopic maps to architectonic borders, we found a mismatch in border location, indicating that architectonic borders are not aligned with the retinotopic transition at the vertical meridian...
January 6, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056652/asymmetry-in-gaze-direction-discrimination-between-the-upper-and-lower-visual-fields
#14
Adam Palanica, Roxane J Itier
Previous research has shown that gaze direction can only be accurately discriminated within parafoveal limits (∼5° eccentricity) along the horizontal visual field. Beyond this eccentricity, head orientation seems to influence gaze discrimination more than iris cues. The present study examined gaze discrimination performance in the upper visual field (UVF) and lower visual field (LVF), and whether head orientation affects gaze judgments beyond parafoveal vision. Direct and averted gaze faces, in frontal and deviated head orientations, were presented for 150 ms along the vertical meridian while participants maintained central fixation during gaze discrimination judgments...
January 1, 2017: Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033433/covert-spatial-attention-is-functionally-intact-in-amblyopic-human-adults
#15
Mariel Roberts, Rachel Cymerman, R Theodore Smith, Lynne Kiorpes, Marisa Carrasco
Certain abnormalities in behavioral performance and neural signaling have been attributed to a deficit of visual attention in amblyopia, a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a diverse array of visual deficits following abnormal binocular childhood experience. Critically, most have inferred attention's role in their task without explicitly manipulating and measuring its effects against a baseline condition. Here, we directly investigate whether human amblyopic adults benefit from covert spatial attention-the selective processing of visual information in the absence of eye movements-to the same degree as neurotypical observers...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033210/2016-visionary-leader-bob-dent
#16
Brandon Kit Bredimus
The following manuscript is the winning Richard Hader Visionary Leader 2016 entry submitted to Nursing Management in recognition of Dr. Bob Dent, DNP, MBA, RN, NEA-BC, CENP, FACHE, senior vice president, chief operating officer, and CNO for Midland Memorial Hospital in Midland, Tex. Dr. Dent was formally recognized for his achievements before the Keynote Address at Congress2016, November 8, in Las Vegas, Nev. There, he received the award, sponsored by Hackensack Meridian Health.
January 2017: Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024410/the-effects-of-acupressure-on-meridian-energy-as-well-as-nausea-and-vomiting-in-lung-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#17
Chi-Hsiang Shen, Li-Yu Yang
Nausea and vomiting are the most common side effects of antineoplastic chemotherapy. However, only a small number of studies have been conducted in Taiwan to determine the efficacy of acupressure in treating these side effects in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. In this quasi-experimental study, we aimed to explore the effects of acupressure on meridian energy as well as nausea and vomiting in 70 lung cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Patients were assigned to the experimental or control group based on order of hospital admission...
January 1, 2016: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010835/treatment-of-an-adult-patient-with-atopic-dermatitis-using-traditional-korean-medicine-especially-sa-am-acupuncture
#18
Yong-Cheol Jeon, Hyun-Bae Lee
Atopic dermatitis is known not to respond well to many clinical treatments. In this report, we present the case of an adult woman with atopic dermatitis who was effectively treated by using traditional Korean medicine (TKM). The patient was diagnosed with psoriasis based on lung dryness and heat and heart fire. The patient underwent acupuncture treatment based on the theory of Sa-Am acupuncture. Two meridians, the hand tai-yin meridian and the foot tai-yang meridian, were used to control lung dryness, lung heat, and heart fire...
December 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010831/technical-challenges-in-current-primo-vascular-system-research-and-potential-solutions
#19
REVIEW
Kyung A Kang, Claudio Maldonado, Vitaly Vodyanoy
Since Bonghan Kim's discovery of the Bonghan system (BHS) in the 1960s, numerous reports have suggested that the system is fundamental for maintaining mammalian life. The BHS is a circulatory system independent of the blood or the lymphatic system, forms an extensive network throughout the entire mammalian body, has been reported to be the acupuncture meridian, stores distinct types of stem cells, and appears to have some roles in cancer metastasis. Despite Kim's first report having been published as early as 1962, research progress has been rather slow mainly because the system is very small and translucent, making it optically difficult to distinguish it from the hemoglobin-rich surrounding tissues...
December 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010830/anatomical-features-of-the-interscapular-area-where-wet-cupping-therapy-is-done-and-its-possible-relation-to-acupuncture-meridians
#20
REVIEW
Roshanak Ghods, Nasrin Sayfouri, Mohammad Hossein Ayati
Although wet cupping has been a treatment for centuries, its mechanism of action is not well understood. Because the anatomical features of the wet-cupping area might play a role in its mechanism, we focus on the features of the interscapular area in which a common type of wet-cupping therapy (WCT), called Hijamat-e-Aam in Iranian medicine, is usually applied and discuss the possible relation of those features to the acupuncture meridians. We gathered and analyzed data from reliable textbooks on modern medicine with a focus on the anatomical features of the interscapular area, topics related to WTC in Iranian medicine, and acupuncture sources obtained by searching PubMed, Google-Scholar, and Science Direct...
December 2016: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
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