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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731059/optical-coherence-tomography-detection-of-characteristic-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thinning-in-nasal-hypoplasia-of-the-optic-disc
#1
M Haruta, R Kodama, R Yamakawa
PurposeTo determine the clinical usefulness of optical coherence tomography (OCT) for detecting thinning of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) in eyes with nasal hypoplasia of the optic discs (NHOD).Patients and methodsThe medical records of five patients (eight eyes) with NHOD were reviewed. The ratio of the disc-macula distance to the disc diameter (DM/DD) and the disc ovality ratio of the minimal to maximal DD were assessed using fundus photographs. The RNFL thicknesses of the temporal, superior, nasal, and inferior quadrants were evaluated using OCT quadrant maps...
July 21, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717380/response-of-local-nitric-oxide-release-to-manual-acupuncture-and-electrical-heat-in-humans-effects-of-reinforcement-methods
#2
Sheng-Xing Ma, Paul C Lee, Thomas L Anderson, Xi-Yan Li, Isabelle Z Jiang
This study was to examine the influences of manual acupuncture (MA) and electrical heat corresponding to reinforcing methods on nitric oxide (NO) release over the skin regions in humans. A device with collecting solution was taped to the skin surface along pericardium (PC) or lung (LU) meridian. Acupuncture needles were gently inserted into PC 4 with reinforcing stimulation (low force/rate) for 20 minutes in the MA group. LU11 on the finger was heated (43-44°C) by electrical heat for 20 minutes. Biocapture was consecutively conducted for two 20-minute intervals during and after each treatment...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714769/effects-of-meridian-acupressure-massage-on-body-composition-edema-stress-and-fatigue-in-postpartum-women
#3
Geum-Sook Jung, In-Ryoung Choi, Hee-Young Kang, Eun-Young Choi
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the effects of meridian acupressure massage on body composition, edema, stress, and fatigue in postpartum women. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design with a nonequivalent control group was utilized. SETTINGS/LOCATION: The Postpartum Care Center of Women's Hospital in Gwangju City, Republic of Korea. SUBJECTS: The study group consisted of 39 postpartum women, 19 in the experimental group and 20 in the control group, recruited from the postpartum care center of Women's Hospital in Gwangju city, South Korea...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712537/efficacy-and-safety-of-voretigene-neparvovec-aav2-hrpe65v2-in-patients-with-rpe65-mediated-inherited-retinal-dystrophy-a-randomised-controlled-open-label-phase-3-trial
#4
Stephen Russell, Jean Bennett, Jennifer A Wellman, Daniel C Chung, Zi-Fan Yu, Amy Tillman, Janet Wittes, Julie Pappas, Okan Elci, Sarah McCague, Dominique Cross, Kathleen A Marshall, Jean Walshire, Taylor L Kehoe, Hannah Reichert, Maria Davis, Leslie Raffini, Lindsey A George, F Parker Hudson, Laura Dingfield, Xiaosong Zhu, Julia A Haller, Elliott H Sohn, Vinit B Mahajan, Wanda Pfeifer, Michelle Weckmann, Chris Johnson, Dina Gewaily, Arlene Drack, Edwin Stone, Katie Wachtel, Francesca Simonelli, Bart P Leroy, J Fraser Wright, Katherine A High, Albert M Maguire
BACKGROUND: Phase 1 studies have shown potential benefit of gene replacement in RPE65-mediated inherited retinal dystrophy. This phase 3 study assessed the efficacy and safety of voretigene neparvovec in participants whose inherited retinal dystrophy would otherwise progress to complete blindness. METHODS: In this open-label, randomised, controlled phase 3 trial done at two sites in the USA, individuals aged 3 years or older with, in each eye, best corrected visual acuity of 20/60 or worse, or visual field less than 20 degrees in any meridian, or both, with confirmed genetic diagnosis of biallelic RPE65 mutations, sufficient viable retina, and ability to perform standardised multi-luminance mobility testing (MLMT) within the luminance range evaluated, were eligible...
July 13, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712483/corrigendum-to-improvements-in-scrotal-thermoregulation-in-patients-with-varicoceles-treated-by-using-traditional-korean-medicine-two-case-reports-j%C3%A2-acupunct-meridian-stud-9-3-2016-156-160
#5
Junyoung Jo, Hyunho Kim, Ui Min Jerng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712481/korean-sa-ahm-acupuncture-for-treating-canine-oral-fibrosarcoma
#6
Keum Hwa Choi, Kristi Flynn
A nine-year-old male neutered Golden Retriever presented with oral fibrosarcoma. Sa-Ahm Traditional Korean acupuncture was provided along with medicinal herb treatment. Based on Sa-Ahm's theory, the constitution of this case was hypoactive Large-Intestine (LI) meridian qi. The acupuncture treatment was focused on reinforcing LI meridian qi along with reinforcing Small-Intestine and Liver meridian qi. The necrosis of the tumor started from 8 months after treatments and was completely necrotized around 1 month after initiation of tumor necrosis...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712474/postherpetic-neuralgia-practical-experiences-return-to-traditional-chinese-medicine
#7
REVIEW
Majid Avijgan, Seyedeh Tahoora Hajzargarbashi, Aliasghar Kamran, Mahtab Avijgan
Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) is a complication of herpes zoster that can cause different types of pain in the affected area. It often occurs mainly in severe cases of herpes zoster. The problem is defined as a persisting pain for 90-120 days after relieving of acute phase of herpes lesions. This complication causes suffering in patients and reduces the quality of life. In western medicine's viewpoints, PHN is due to disturbance in local and dermatomal nerves. There are several topical and systemic drugs that are used to manage the pain relief...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698498/polar-grid-navigation-algorithm-for-unmanned-underwater-vehicles
#8
Zheping Yan, Lu Wang, Wei Zhang, Jiajia Zhou, Man Wang
To solve the unavailability of a traditional strapdown inertial navigation system (SINS) for unmanned underwater vehicles (UUVs) in the polar region, a polar grid navigation algorithm for UUVs is proposed in this paper. Precise navigation is the basis for UUVs to complete missions. The rapid convergence of Earth meridians and the serious polar environment make it difficult to establish the true heading of the UUV at a particular instant. Traditional SINS and traditional representation of position are not suitable in the polar region...
July 9, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686264/curvature-induced-microswarming
#9
Isaac R Bruss, Sharon C Glotzer
Like meridian lines on a globe, two lines on a Gaussian-curved surface cannot be simultaneously straight and parallel everywhere. We find that this inescapable property of Gaussian curvature has important consequences for the clustering and swarming behavior of active matter. Focusing on the case of self-propelled particles confined to the surface of a sphere, we find that for high curvature, particles converge to a common orbit to form symmetry-breaking microswarms. We prove that this microswarm flocking behavior is distinct from other known examples in that it is a result of the curvature, and not incorporated through Vicsek-like alignment rules or collision-induced torques...
July 7, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684276/role-of-capsaicin-and-heat-sensitive-afferents-in-stimulation-of-acupoint-induced-pain-and-analgesia-in-humans
#10
Jing Lei, Gang Ye, Jiang-Tao Wu, Antti Pertovaara, Hao-Jun You
We investigated role of capsaicin-sensitive afferents within and without the areas of Zusanli (ST36)/Shangjuxu (ST37) acupoints along the stomach (ST) meridian in the perception and modulation of pain assessed by visual analog scale of pain and its distribution rated by subjects, pressure pain threshold (PPT), and heat pain threshold (HPT) in humans. Compared with the treatment of non-acupoint area, capsaicin (100µg/50µl) administered into either ST36 or ST37 acupoint caused the strongest pain intensity and the most extensive pain distribution, followed by rapid onset, bilateral, long-lasting secondary mechanical hyperalgesia and slower onset secondary heat hypoalgesia (1day after the capsaicin treatment)...
July 3, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681908/comparing-the-zeiss-callisto-eye-and-the-alcon-verion-image-guided-system-toric-lens-alignment-technologies
#11
Arjan S Hura, Robert H Osher
PURPOSE: To compare the alignment meridian generated by the Zeiss Callisto Eye (Carl Zeiss AG, Dublin, CA) and the Alcon Verion Image Guided System (Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Fort Worth, TX). METHODS: In this retrospective comparative evaluation of technology, intraoperative images were captured at different steps in the same surgery, allowing the comparison of the guidance lines generated by the Verion system to the parallel guidance lines generated by the Callisto Eye system...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665547/effects-of-different-intensity-laser-acupuncture-at-two-adjacent-same-meridian-acupoints-on-nitric-oxide-and-soluble-guanylate-cyclase-releases-in-human
#12
Wan-Ling Jiang, Hua-Jiang Wei, Zhou-Yi Guo, Yi-Rong Ni, Hong-Qin Yang, Shu-Sen Xie
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to detect the influences of laser acupuncture (LA) at non-acupoint and two adjacent acupoints of pericardium meridian on the releases of nitric oxide (NO) and soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) in 20 healthy subjects. METHODS: Different intensities (12 mW, 24 mW, 48 mW) infrared laser were used for irradiating Jianshi (PC5), Ximen (PC4) acupoints and non-acupoint for 20 min, 40 min, respectively. Semi-circular tubes were taped to the skin surface and filled with NO-scavenging compound for 20 min to capture NO and sGC which were measured using spectrophotometry in a blinded fashion...
June 30, 2017: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660667/pivotal-role-of-hmt-in-long-range-disambiguation-of-interhemispheric-bistable-surface-motion
#13
João Valente Duarte, Gabriel Nascimento Costa, Ricardo Martins, Miguel Castelo-Branco
It remains an open question whether long-range disambiguation of ambiguous surface motion can be achieved in early visual cortex or instead in higher level regions, which concerns object/surface segmentation/integration mechanisms. We used a bistable moving stimulus that can be perceived as a pattern comprehending both visual hemi-fields moving coherently downward or as two widely segregated nonoverlapping component objects (in each visual hemi-field) moving separately inward. This paradigm requires long-range integration across the vertical meridian leading to interhemispheric binding...
June 28, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656469/optimizing-vap-scars-after-childhood-cancer-treatment-a-pilot-study
#14
C M A de Bruijn, F W Hoff, M M Bruggeman-Westermann, J B Terra, T H van Dijk, E S J M de Bont, A M L Peek
PURPOSE: Majority of pediatric cancer patients are treated with chemotherapy using Venous Access Ports (VAP). However, after surgical removal of the VAP prominent scars often remain and standard care is lacking. METHODS: Patients (N = 20) who were willing to participate were included prior to surgical removal of their VAP. All patients were off therapy at time of VAP removal. Patients had the option to either choose from Dermatix®, meridian color therapy (MCT), or no additional treatment (NAT)...
June 28, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653613/myopia-correction-in-children-a-meta-analysis
#15
Yanhui Cui, Li Li, Qian Wu, Junyang Zhao, Huihui Chu, Gang Yu, Wenbin Wei
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis comparing rigid gas permeable lenses (RGP) with soft contact lenses (SCL), spectacles and orthokeratology (OK) lenses for myopia control with respect to axial length elongation, spherical equivalent and measures of corneal curvature. METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases were searched to September 29, 2015 using the following keywords: rigid gas permeable contact lens; refractive error; and refractive abnormalities...
June 26, 2017: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646892/effect-of-acupuncture-on-cerebrovascular-reserve-in-patients-with-acute-cerebral-infarction-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#16
Shaosong Wang, Tingting Ma, Linpeng Wang, Lu Liu, Huilin Liu, Bin Li, Yuanbo Fu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of cerebral infarction has been growing year by year in China and around the world. According to clinical observation, acupuncture utilizing the "waking up the spirit" needling method is widely used in patients with cerebral infarction, though the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Additionally, a number of studies have begun to focus on the relationship between cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) and cerebral infarction. The present study aims to investigate whether CVR is one of potential mechanisms underpinning this effect of acupuncture on patients with cerebral infarction...
June 24, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630871/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-treatment-of-cerebral-hemorrhage-with-naoxueshu-oral-liquid
#17
REVIEW
Lijun Wu, Yanda Li, Xiaofeng Wang, Xiaomeng Ren, Haiyan Zhu, Yikun Sun, Yanwei Xing, Lingqun Zhu, Yonghong Gao, Hongcai Shang
NaoXueShu oral liquid invigorates Qi and promotes blood circulation, which is mainly used for treating the acute stage of the meridian of hemorrhagic apoplexy and acute blood stasis syndrome during early convalescence. Its main clinical manifestations include hemiplegia, mouth askew, hemianesthesia, and inarticulateness. It is used mainly in patients with lobar hemorrhage, basal ganglia, and thalamus of the small amount of bleeding without disturbing consciousness of hypertensive cerebral. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and adverse effects of NaoXueShu oral liquid on the treatment of cerebral hemorrhage...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621750/initial-alignment-for-sins-based-on-pseudo-earth-frame-in-polar-regions
#18
Yanbin Gao, Meng Liu, Guangchun Li, Xingxing Guang
An accurate initial alignment must be required for inertial navigation system (INS). The performance of initial alignment directly affects the following navigation accuracy. However, the rapid convergence of meridians and the small horizontalcomponent of rotation of Earth make the traditional alignment methods ineffective in polar regions. In this paper, from the perspective of global inertial navigation, a novel alignment algorithm based on pseudo-Earth frame and backward process is proposed to implement the initial alignment in polar regions...
June 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605513/a-quadrantic-bias-in-prefrontal-representation-of-visual-mnemonic-space
#19
Matthew L Leavitt, Florian Pieper, Adam J Sachs, Julio C Martinez-Trujillo
Single neurons in primate dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dLPFC) are known to encode working memory (WM) representations of visual space. Psychophysical studies have shown that the horizontal and vertical meridians of the visual field can bias spatial information maintained in WM. However, most studies and models have tacitly assumed that dLPFC neurons represent mnemonic space homogenously. The anatomical organization of these representations has also eluded clear parametric description. We investigated these issues by recording from neuronal ensembles in macaque dLPFC with microelectrode arrays while subjects performed an oculomotor delayed-response task...
June 9, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602330/mean-shape-of-the-human-limbus
#20
Alejandra Consejo, Clara Llorens-Quintana, Hema Radhakrishnan, D Robert Iskander
PURPOSE: To characterize the mean topographic shape of the limbus of a normal human eye and determine whether it depends on age or refractive power. SETTING: University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: Participants with no previous ocular surgeries were included in this study. The left eye was measured with a corneoscleral topographer (Eye Surface Profiler). From the raw anterior eye height data, the topographic limbus was demarcated and fitted in 3 dimensions to a circle, an ellipse, and a Fourier series...
May 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
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