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Mohammad Jamshed Siddiqui, Mohamad Fadly Bin Kamarudin, Abdul Kareem Mohammed Al-Shami, Siti Zaiton Mat So'ad, Shazia Qasim Jamshed
Hypertension is a pathological condition in which the blood pressure is higher than under normal physiological conditions, i.e., 140/90 mmHg or higher. Blood pressure is measured as the force exerted by the blood pumped by the heart against the walls of arteries (aorta) and distributed throughout the body. Use of complementary and alternative medicine as a cure for hypertension is a common phenomenon because of the high risk of cardiovascular complications and kidney diseases caused by conventional Western medicine...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Gao-Feng Zhang, Pei Yang, Zeng Yin, Huai-Long Chen, Fu-Guo Ma, Bin Wang, Li-Xin Sun, Yan-Lin Bi, Fei Shi, Ming-Shan Wang
Electroacupuncture preconditioning at acupoint Baihui (GV20) can reduce focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, the precise protective mechanism remains unknown. Mitochondrial fission mediated by dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) can trigger neuronal apoptosis following cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. Herein, we examined the hypothesis that electroacupuncture pretreatment can regulate Drp1, and thus inhibit mitochondrial fission to provide cerebral protection. Rat models of focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury were established by middle cerebral artery occlusion at 24 hours after 5 consecutive days of preconditioning with electroacupuncture at GV20 (depth 2 mm, intensity 1 mA, frequency 2/15 Hz, for 30 minutes, once a day)...
January 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Heng Zhang, Zhenyi Chen, Jiping Wu, Na Chen, Wenjie Xu, Taihao Li, Shupeng Liu
ST36 is a commonly-used acupoint in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for treatment of inflammations, pains and gastrointestinal disturbs. For decades,the low power laser acupuncture has been widely applied as an alternative therapy to traditional metal needle acupuncture and achieved relatively fine therapeutic effect for ST36-related symptoms with reduction of uncomfortableness and infection risks. However its disadvantages of low penetrativity and lack of manipulation skills limit its potential performance...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
Zhigang Wang, Tao Yi, Man Long, Fengmin Ding, Lichen Ouyang, Zebin Chen
In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) at the Zusanli acupoint (ST36) on interleukin (IL)-33-mediated mast cell activation. Firstly, 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)-induced allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) in rats was developed with or without EA treatment. Then, rat peritoneal mast cells (RPMCs) were obtained and cultured in the presence of IL-33. EA treatment relieved ear swelling and reduced mast cell infiltration in the local inflammation area with DNFB challenge, accompanying the decrement of IL-33 production...
February 5, 2018: Inflammation
Joana Teixeira, Maria João Santos, Luís Carlos Matos, Jorge Pereira Machado
Background: Osteoarthritis is a widespread chronic disease seen as a continuum of clinical occurrences within several phases, which go from synovial inflammation and microscopic changes of bone and cartilage to painful destructive changes of all the joint structures. Being the most common joint disease, it is the leading cause of disability in working individuals above 50 years of age. In some cases, conventional treatments produce just a mild and brief pain reduction and have considerable side-effects. Contemporary Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is a model of systems biology based on a logically accessible theoretical background...
February 5, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
Rong-Lin Cai, Guo-Ming Shen, Hao Wang, Yuan-Yuan Guan
BACKGROUND: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a novel method for studying the changes of brain networks due to acupuncture treatment. In recent years, more and more studies have focused on the brain functional connectivity network of acupuncture stimulation. OBJECTIVE: To offer an overview of the different influences of acupuncture on the brain functional connectivity network from studies using resting-state fMRI. SEARCH STRATEGY: The authors performed a systematic search according to PRISMA guidelines...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Yu Ri Kim, Sung Min Ahn, Malk Eun Pak, Hong Ju Lee, Da Hee Jung, Yong-Il Shin, Hwa Kyoung Shin, Byung Tae Choi
The beneficial effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and electroacupuncture (EA) on neurogenesis and related trophic factors remain unclear. Bone marrow MSCs (mBMSC) were transplanted into the striatum of mice with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), and EA stimulation was applied at two acupoints, Baihui and Dazhui. EA treatment significantly improved motor function, and a synergistic effect of combined mBMSC and EA treatment was observed. Combined mBMSC and EA treatment reduced prominent atrophic changes in the striatum and led to proliferation of neural progenitor cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the surrounding areas of the striatum (SVZ + striatum) of MCAO mice...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xiaoning Li, Lei Wu, Fan Guo, Xuesong Liang, Hao Fu, Nuo Li
RATIONALE: Dysphagia following stroke is a major complaint among patients, and effective treatment of post-stroke dysphagia can be difficult. We present a case report describing a new treatment for dysphagia, namely, quick needle insertion at pharyngeal acupoints. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 70-year-old man developed pharyngeal dysphagia after a stroke. Three months after the patient experienced a sudden stroke leading to liquid dysphagia, acupuncture, one of the most important therapies in Traditional Chinese Medicine, was used to treat the patient...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Danielle Terra Alvim, Arthur Sá Ferreira
This study examined (1) the agreement of acupuncture experts with textbook prescriptions and among themselves, and (2) the association between similar traditional diagnoses and textbook acupuncture prescriptions, examining whether pragmatic practice (i.e., modifying prescriptions according to personal clinical practice) alters such an association. A computational analysis quantified the diagnosis-prescription association from a textbook. Eight acupuncture experts were independently interviewed. Experts modified the textbook prescriptions according to their pragmatic practice...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Pei Wang, Peng Zhang, Gui-Wen Wu, Shang-Qing Hu, Jing Li, Jun-Jun Sun, Ya-Feng Wang, Min-Yi Zhao, Ni-Juan Hu, Jiang Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the analgesic effect of deqi induced by needling at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on primary dysmenorrheal (PD) patients with cold damp stagnation syndrome (CDSS). METHODS: A total of 64 PD patients with CDSS experiencing abdominal pain (≥40 mm in visual analogue scale ,VAS) were randomly assigned into deqi-expectation(DE) group(n=15) and no-deqi-expectation(NDE) group(n=49). On the first day of abdominal pain attack, bilateral SP 6 were punctured respectively with thicker needles with deeper insertion for deqi-expectation patients and thin filiform needles with shallow insertion for no-deqi-expectation patients...
January 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Wei-Ye Chen, Li Li, Hui-Yuan Wang, Nan Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) for depression in late pregnancy and impacts on inflammatory cytokines. METHODS: A total of 150 pregnant women with depression in late pregnancy were randomized into a high intensity group (n=52), a low intensity group (n=49) and a control group (n=49). TEAS was applied at bilateral Neiguan (PC 6) and Shenmen (HT 7) for 6 weeks. The intensities of TEAS in the high intensity group, the low intensity group and the control group were 10, 5 and 0 mA, respectively...
January 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Shun-Xi Chen, Fei-Fei Liu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of Tiaoshen Kaiyu acupuncture (regulating vitality and dredging stasis) combined with psychological intervention for treating mild depression after stroke. METHODS: Ninety-four patients were enrolled and were randomly divided into acupuncture (48 cases) and control (46 cases) groups. Patients in the control group were given standard treatment plus psychological intervention, while patients in the acupuncture group were treated with Tiaoshen Kaiyu acupuncture plus standard treatment and psychological intervention...
January 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Pan-Bi Chen, Jing Chen, Jin Cui, Xiao-Fang Yang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the underlying mechanism of acupoint catgut embedding in improving primary dysme-norrhea (PD) in rats based on functional activities of the neuro-endocrine-immune (NEI) network. METHODS: Forty female rats were equally randomized into blank control, PD model, medication, and acupoint catgut embedding groups. The PD model was established by subcutaneous injection of estradiol benzoate (0.5 mg/rat on the 1st and 10th d, and 0.2 mg/rat from 2nd to 9th d) and oxytocin (2 U/rat, i.p...
January 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Shan Wang, Meng-Wei Guo, Yu-Shan Gao, Xiao-Xuan Ren, Ying Lan, Mao-Xian Ji, Yan-Ying Wu, Kai-Ge Li, Li-Hua Tan, Ming-He Sui
OBJECTIVE: To observe and compare the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Tianshu" (ST 25) and "Neiguan" (PC 6) for colonic motility and the expression of colon dopamine D 2 in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) rats, and to explore the specificity of different meridians and different acupoints. METHODS: Forty Wistar newborn rats were randomly divided into blank, model, Tianshu and Neiguan groups. Separation of mother and child and acetic acid coloclyster combined with colorectal distension were used to establish IBS model in the model, Tianshu and Neiguan groups...
January 25, 2018: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
Stephanie C Tjen-A-Looi, Liang-Wu Fu, Zhi-Ling Guo, John C Longhurst
Stimulation of vagal afferent endings with intravenous phenylbiguanide (PBG) causes both bradycardia and vasodepression, simulating neurally mediated syncope. Activation of µ-opioid receptors in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) increases blood pressure. Electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation of somatosensory nerves underneath acupoints P5-6, ST36-37, LI6-7 or G37-39 selectively but differentially modulates sympathoexcitatory responses. We therefore hypothesized that EA-stimulation at P5-6 or ST36-37, but not LI6-7 or G37-39 acupoints, inhibits the bradycardia and vasodepression through a µ-opioid receptor mechanism in the NTS...
January 30, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jinfeng Jiang, Wangfang Xu, Xinggen Yu, Xiaojing Wu
To analyze the structural specificity of Shenque (CV 8) in terms of vascular biology from the three aspects of structure, tissue and molecular anatomies. On structural anatomy Shenque (CV 8) possessed defined vascular structure and was the only acupoint directly affected vascular intima. The basis of the specific therapeutic effects was owing to its relation with vessel and abundant microcirculation. Endothelial cells and microvascular endothelial cells were the tissue basis of the starting of therapeutic specificity...
December 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Jinxia Li, Jingjun Xie, Zhongqiang Pan, Xiaoqing Guo, Ye Li, Ruiyang Fu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical therapeutic effects and safety of chronic fatigue syndrome treated with transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on the conception vessel and the governor vessel. METHODS: Eighty-nine patients of chronic fatigue syndrome were randomized into an observation group (46 cases) and a control group (43 cases). In the observation group, TEAS was applied at Dazhui (GV 14) and Mingmen (GV 4), Shenque (CV 8) and Guanyuan (CV 4) [the current intensity: (14±2) mA]...
December 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Yunchang Mo, Anqi Zhang, Bo Zheng, Chengyu Chen, Yelong Ren, Xixi Wang, Haifeng Fu, Lingmin Lin, Junlu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on gastric emptying in patients undergoing selective surgery based on velocity of gastric emptying by ultrasonography. METHODS: A total of 75 patients with selective operation of subarachnoid block at lower limb in the afternoon were randomly assigned to a TEAS group, a sham group and a control group, 25 patients in each one. All the patients were provided with semi-fluid diet at 8 a...
December 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Jingsheng Zhao
The relationship between acupuncture theory and clinical practice is getting problematic with the development of acupuncture clinical practice. In the paper, in view of the theoretic study itself, the reasons and the approaches to the recognition are explored. The characteristics of acupuncture therapeutic methods include the site for application and the technique method in generally. Their theoretical construction is relatively limited in the system category of acupuncture. The sites of acupuncture application are various, including vessels, the muscle regions of meridians, the intersection of skin and muscle, corresponding points and others...
October 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Xuesi Hou, Qingchen Zhou, Lei Wang, Lu Cheng, Jiping Zhao
To discuss the acupuncture and moxibustion thoughts of diagnosis and treatment for secondary dysmenorrhea of adenomyosis on the basis of disease location and pathogenesis. In clinic, we take the "principle, method, prescription, acupoint and technic" as the outline, paying attention to identify disease location and establishing the method of "promoting blood to remove stasis, regulating thoroughfare vessel and conception vessel" on the basis of the pathogenesis of "stasis obstructing uterus, disharmony of thoroughfare vessel and conception vessel"...
October 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
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