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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428803/distribution-of-mast-cells-and-locations-depths-and-sizes-of-the-putative-acupoints-cv-8-and-ki-16
#1
Sharon Jiyoon Jung, Haim Song, Yu Yeon Kim, Jungdae Kim, Sungchul Kim, Yoon-Kyu Song, Kwang-Sup Soh
The anatomical locations and sizes of acupuncture points (APs) are identified in traditional Chinese medicine by using the cun measurement method. More precise knowledge of those locations and sizes to submillimeter precision, along with their cytological characterizations, would provide significant contributions both to scientific investigations and to precise control of the practice of acupuncture. Over recent decades, researchers have come to realize that APs in the skin of rats and humans have more mast cells (MCs) than neighboring nonacupoints...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422526/acupuncture-on-renal-function-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-single-blinded-randomized-preliminary-controlled-study
#2
Jung-Sheng Yu, Chung-Han Ho, Hsien-Yi Wang, Yung-Hsiang Chen, Ching-Liang Hsieh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility effect of acupuncture on renal function in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: In total, 59 patients with CKD were randomized into acupuncture (AG; n = 30) and sham acupuncture (CG; n = 29) treatment groups. In the AG, acupuncture was applied to bilateral Hegu (LI4), Zusanli (ST36), and Taixi (KI3) to obtain qi, and electroacupuncture (2 Hz) was applied to two acupoint pairs (right Zusanli and Taixi and left Zusanli and Taixi) once per week for 12 weeks...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417094/contemporary-acupressure-therapy-adroit-cure-for-painless-recovery-of-therapeutic-ailments
#3
REVIEW
Piyush Mehta, Vishwas Dhapte, Shivajirao Kadam, Vividha Dhapte
Since time immemorial, complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) have played a significant role in human health care. CAM is known to have a strong reputation and reliability within every culture to provide basic health care treatment for patients. CAM acts as a better therapeutic option in human being for treating various diseases and improving quality of life with apt consideration to the economic aspects. Acupressure, one of the known CAM, originated in ancient China is based on the principal of acupoints activation across the meridians which correct the imbalance between Qi...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406959/enhancement-of-immune-cytokines-and-splenic-cd4-t-cells-by-electroacupuncture-at-st36-acupoint-of-sd-rats
#4
Longyun Chen, Anli Xu, Nina Yin, Min Zhao, Zhigang Wang, Tao Chen, Yisheng Gao, Zebin Chen
Electroacupuncture at the ST36 acupoint can enhance the body's immune function. However, the mechanism for this enhancement has not been fully described. Our study was designed to investigate the effect of electroacupuncture on the immune function of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. The rats were randomly divided into three groups: a control group, a non-acupoint group (abdominal muscle acupuntured) and a ST36 acupoint group. Our results showed that successive electroacupuncture at the ST36 acupoint for 3 d significantly enhanced the interferon-γ (IFN-γ) level in the serum of SD rats...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404609/moxibustion-versus-diclofenac-sodium-gel-for-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-study-protocol-for-a-double-blinded-double-placebo-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Jian-Ying Zhou, Ling Luo, Lin-Lin Zhu, Hai-Yan Yin, Qiaofeng Wu, Jia-Xi Peng, Cheng-Shun Zhang, Peng Lv, Yong Tang, Shu-Guang Yu
INTRODUCTION: Knee osteoarthritis is a common form of arthritis in elderly patients that is characterised by pain and functional limitation. Moxibustion has been employed to relieve chronic pain as an alternative therapy for knee osteoarthritis. However, the evidence of its efficacy is equivocal due to the low methodological quality in most clinical studies. Therefore, we are performing a double-blinded, double-placebo, randomised controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of moxibustion in participants with knee osteoarthritis...
April 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400807/modulatory-effects-of-acupuncture-on-brain-networks-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-patients
#6
Ting-Ting Tan, Dan Wang, Ju-Ke Huang, Xiao-Mei Zhou, Xu Yuan, Jiu-Ping Liang, Liang Yin, Hong-Liang Xie, Xin-Yan Jia, Jiao Shi, Fang Wang, Hao-Bo Yang, Shang-Jie Chen
Functional magnetic resonance imaging has been widely used to investigate the effects of acupuncture on neural activity. However, most functional magnetic resonance imaging studies have focused on acute changes in brain activation induced by acupuncture. Thus, the time course of the therapeutic effects of acupuncture remains unclear. In this study, 32 patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment were randomly divided into two groups, where they received either Tiaoshen Yizhi acupuncture or sham acupoint acupuncture...
February 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400804/electroacupuncture-induced-neuroprotection-against-focal-cerebral-ischemia-in-the-rat-is-mediated-by-adenosine-a1-receptors
#7
Qin-Xue Dai, Wu-Jun Geng, Xiu-Xiu Zhuang, Hong-Fa Wang, Yun-Chang Mo, He Xin, Jiang-Fan Chen, Jun-Lu Wang
The activation of adenosine A1 receptors is important for protecting against ischemic brain injury and pretreatment with electroacupuncture has been shown to mitigate ischemic brain insult. The aim of this study was to test whether the adenosine A1 receptor mediates electroacupuncture pretreatment-induced neuroprotection against ischemic brain injury. We first performed 30 minutes of electroacupuncture pretreatment at the Baihui acupoint (GV20), delivered with a current of 1 mA, a frequency of 2/15 Hz, and a depth of 1 mm...
February 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397041/effects-of-nourishing-liver-and-kidney-acupuncture-therapy-on-expression-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-and-synaptophysin-after-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-in-rats
#8
Wen-Guang Xia, Chan-Juan Zheng, Xuan Zhang, Juan Wang
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of "nourishing liver and kidney" acupuncture therapy on motor and cognitive deficits, and the underlying mechanism following cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) via increasing the expression of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and synaptophysin (SYN) in the hippocampus. Healthy adult male SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group (n=51), model group (n=51), acupuncture group (n=51) and acupuncture control group (n=51). The middle cerebral I/R model was established...
April 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395933/electroacupuncture-improves-neurobehavioral-function-and-brain-injury-in-rat-model-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#9
Yan Zhu, Li Deng, Huajun Tang, Xiaoqing Gao, Youhua Wang, Kan Guo, Jiming Kong, Chaoxian Yang
Acupuncture has been widely used as a treatment for stroke in China for a long time. Recently, studies have demonstrated that electroacupuncture (EA) can accelerate intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced angiogenesis in rats. In the present study, we investigated the effect of EA on neurobehavioral function and brain injury in ICH rats. ICH was induced by stereotactic injection of collagenase type I and heparin into the right caudate putamen. Adult ICH rats were randomly divided into the following three groups: model control group (MC), EA at non-acupoint points group (non-acupoint EA) and EA at Baihui and Dazhui acupoints group (EA)...
April 7, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392262/the-regulatory-effect-of-electro-acupuncture-on-the-expression-of-nmda-receptors-in-a-sci-rat-model
#10
Wen-Zhan Tu, Wen-Ci Chen, Wan Xia, Rong He, Jie Hu, Ming-Chen Jiang, Song-He Jiang
BACKGROUND: In early spinal cord injury (SCI), glutamate receptors, including N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors (NMDARs), are over-stimulated by excessively released glutamate. The enhanced activity of NMDARs may cause cell death by overloading calcium (Ca(2+)) into cells based on their high permeability to Ca(2+). Studies in SCI animals have shown that treatment with electro-acupuncture (EA) is able to reduce cell death and to improve functional recovery. One possible mechanism of this neuroprotective effect is that EA has regulatory effect on NMDARs...
April 6, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358020/nmr-based-metabolomics-reveals-alterations-of-electro-acupuncture-stimulations-on-chronic-atrophic-gastritis-rats
#11
Jingjing Xu, Xujuan Zheng, Kian-Kai Cheng, Xiaorong Chang, Guiping Shen, Mi Liu, Yadong Wang, Jiacheng Shen, Yuan Zhang, Qida He, Jiyang Dong, Zongbao Yang
Chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) is a common gastrointestinal disease which has been considered as precancerous lesions of gastric carcinoma. Previously, electro-acupuncture stimulation has been shown to be effective in ameliorating symptoms of CAG. However the underlying mechanism of this beneficial treatment is yet to be established. In the present study, an integrated histopathological examination along with molecular biological assay, as well as (1)H NMR analysis of multiple biological samples (urine, serum, stomach, cortex and medulla) were employed to systematically assess the pathology of CAG and therapeutic effect of electro-acupuncture stimulation at Sibai (ST 2), Liangmen (ST 21), and Zusanli (ST 36) acupoints located in the stomach meridian using a rat model of CAG...
March 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352122/long-term-electrical-stimulation-at-ear-and-electro-acupuncture-at-st36-st37-attenuated-cox-2-in-the-ca1-of-hippocampus-in-kainic-acid-induced-epileptic-seizure-rats
#12
En-Tzu Liao, Nou-Ying Tang, Yi-Wen Lin, Ching Liang Hsieh
Seizures produce brain inflammation, which in turn enhances neuronal excitability. Therefore, anti-inflammation has become a therapeutic strategy for antiepileptic treatment. Cycloxygenase-2 (COX-2) plays a critical role in postseizure brain inflammation and neuronal hyperexcitability. Our previous studies have shown that both electrical stimulation (ES) at the ear and electro-acupuncture (EA) at the Zusanli and Shangjuxu acupoints (ST36-ST37) for 6 weeks can reduce mossy fiber sprouting, spike population, and high-frequency hippocampal oscillations in kainic acid (KA)-induced epileptic seizure rats...
March 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326925/interaction-of-acupuncture-treatment-and-manipulation-laterality-modulated-by-the-default-mode-network
#13
Xuan Niu, Ming Zhang, Zhenyu Liu, Lijun Bai, Chuanzhu Sun, Shan Wang, Xiaocui Wang, Zhen Chen, Hongyan Chen, Jie Tian
Appropriate selection of ipsilateral or contralateral electroacupuncture (corresponding to the pain site) plays an important role in reaching its better curative effect; however, the involving brain mechanism still remains unclear. Compared with the heat pain model generally established in previous study, capsaicin pain model induces reversible cutaneous allodynia and is proved to be better simulating aspects of clinical nociceptive and neuropathic pain. In the current study, 24 subjects were randomly divided into two groups with a 2 × 2 factorial design: laterality (ipsi- or contralateral side, inter-subject) × treatment with counter-balanced at an interval of one week (verum and placebo electroacupuncture, within-subject)...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316166/-analgesic-effect-and-related-mechanism-of-peripheral-acupoints-electroacupuncture-on-superficial-partial-thickness-burn-rats
#14
X Sun, Z R Wei, Z Xiao
Objective: To observe the analgesic effect and related mechanism of peripheral acupoints electroacupuncture on superficial partial-thickness burn rats. Methods: Eighty SD rats were divided into sham injury group (SI), pure burn group (PB), electroacupuncture group (E), and sham electroacupuncture group (SE) according to the random number table, with 20 rats in each group. Right posterior leg of rats in group SI were sham injured, while superficial partial-thickness scald (hereinafter referred to as burn) model was reproduced on the right posterior leg of rats in the latter three groups...
March 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303156/acu-tens-reduces-breathlessness-during-exercise-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Shirley P C Ngai, Lissa M Spencer, Alice Y M Jones, Jennifer A Alison
Background. Exertional dyspnoea limits level of physical activity in people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). This randomized, double-blinded, crossover study evaluated the effect of Acu-TENS, application of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on acupoints, on breathlessness during exercise in people with COPD. Methods. Twenty-one participants, mean% predicted FEV1  50 ± 21%, attended assessment followed by two intervention days, one week apart. On each intervention day, participants performed two endurance shuttle walk tests (ESWT) (Walk 1 and Walk 2)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298935/cardioprotection-of-electroacupuncture-for-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-on-patients-undergoing-heart-valve-replacement-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass-a-randomized-control-clinical-trial
#16
Fangxiang Zhang, Xiangdi Yu, Hong Xiao
We attempted to investigate cardioprotection of electroacupuncture (EA) for enhanced recovery after surgery on patients undergoing heart valve replacement with cardiopulmonary bypass. Forty-four patients with acquired heart valve replacement were randomly allocated to the EA group or the control group. Patients in the EA group received EA stimulus at bilateral Neiguan (PC6), Ximen (PC4), Shenting (GV24), and Baihui (GV20) acupoints twenty minutes before anesthesia induction to the end of surgery. The primary end point was cardioprotection effect of electroacupuncture postoperatively and the secondary endpoints were quality of recovery and cognitive functioning postoperatively...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293268/antihypertensive-and-antihypertrophic-effects-of-acupuncture-at-pc6-acupoints-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats-and-the-underlying-mechanisms
#17
Juan-Juan Xin, Jun-Hong Gao, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Feng-Yan Lu, Yu-Xue Zhao, Xiang-Hong Jing, Xiao-Chun Yu
The aim of this work is to investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at PC6 on the hypertension and myocardial hypertrophy in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Thirty SHRs were randomized into model, SHR + EA, and SHR + Sham EA group with WKY rats as normal control. EA was applied once a day in 8 consecutive weeks. The blood pressure (BP), cardiac function, and hypertrophy as well as the underlying mechanisms were investigated. After EA treatment, the enhanced BP in SHR + EA group was significantly lower compared to both the period before EA and model group...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274815/electroacupuncture-improves-gait-locomotion-h-reflex-and-ventral-root-potentials-of-spinal-compression-injured-rats
#18
Carlos Escobar-Corona, Sergio Torres-Castillo, Erika Elizabeth Rodríguez-Torres, Bertha Segura-Alegría, Ismael Jiménez-Estrada, Salvador Quiroz-González
This study explored the effect of electroacupuncture stimulation (EA) on alterations in the Hoffman reflex (H-reflex) response and gait locomotion provoked by spinal cord injury (SCI) in the rat. A compression lesion of the spinal cord was evoked by insufflating a Fogarty balloon located in the epidural space at the T8-9 spinal level of adult Wistar male rats (200-250 gr; n=60). In different groups of SCI rats, EA (frequencies: 2, 50 and 100Hz) was applied simultaneously to Huantiao (GB30), Yinmen (BL37), Jizhong (GV6) and Zhiyang (GV9) acupoints from the third post-injury day until the experimental session...
March 6, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271655/use-of-electroacupuncture-and-transcutaneous-electrical-acupoint-stimulation-in-reproductive-medicine-a-group-consensus
#19
Fan Qu, Rong Li, Wei Sun, Ge Lin, Rong Zhang, Jing Yang, Li Tian, Guo-Gang Xing, Hui Jiang, Fei Gong, Xiao-Yan Liang, Yan Meng, Jia-Yin Liu, Li-Ying Zhou, Shu-Yu Wang, Yan Wu, Yi-Jing He, Jia-Yu Ye, Song-Ping Han, Ji-Sheng Han
With the rapid development of assisted reproductive technology, various reproductive disorders have been effectively addressed. Acupuncture-like therapies, including electroacupuncture (EA) and transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS), become more popular world-wide. Increasing evidence has demonstrated that EA and TEAS are effective in treating gynecological disorders, especially infertility. This present paper describes how to select acupoints for the treatment of infertility from the view of theories of traditional Chinese medicine and how to determine critical parameters of electric pulses of EA/TEAS based on results from animal and clinical studies...
2017: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270193/cutaneous-neurogenic-inflammation-in-the-sensitized-acupoints-induced-by-gastric-mucosal-injury-in-rats
#20
Wei He, Xiao-Yu Wang, Hong Shi, Wan-Zhu Bai, Bin Cheng, Yang-Shuai Su, Xiao-Chun Yu, Xiang-Hong Jing, Bing Zhu
BACKGROUND: In acupuncture practice, the most important step is to confirm the location of a sensitized acupoint which reflects a diagnosis and can be stimulated with a specialized needle to treat the disease. Abnormal symptoms such as hyperalgesia or allodynia at the sensitized acupoints in patients with visceral disorders are considered to be in relation with referred pain and neurogenic inflammation. Yet, limited study has investigated the cutaneous neurochemical changes of the sensitized acuponits...
March 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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