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Pediatric oncology gastroenterology

Kristin W Weitzel, D Max Smith, Amanda R Elsey, Benjamin Q Duong, Benjamin Burkley, Michael Clare-Salzler, Yan Gong, Tara A Higgins, Benjamin Kong, Taimour Langaee, Caitrin W McDonough, Benjamin J Staley, Teresa T Vo, Dyson T Wake, Larisa H Cavallari, Julie A Johnson
Although thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) genotyping to guide thiopurine dosing is common in the pediatric cancer population, limited data exist on TPMT testing implementation in diverse, multidisciplinary settings. We established TPMT testing (genotype and enzyme) with clinical decision support, provider/patient education, and pharmacist consultations in a tertiary medical center and collected data over 3 years. During this time, 834 patients underwent 873 TPMT tests (147 (17%) genotype, 726 (83%) enzyme)...
March 2018: Clinical and Translational Science
Patrizia Spigaglia, Fabrizio Barbanti, Elio Castagnola, Maria Cristina Diana, Luisa Pescetto, Roberto Bandettini
Recent studies support a change of Clostridium difficile infections (CDIs) epidemiology in pediatric patients. Since limited information is available about C. difficile in this population, we investigated the epidemiology of CDI in a large pediatric hospital that acts as reference centre in Italy and analyzed C. difficile isolates to identify the prevalent PCR-ribotypes (RTs), the binary toxin (CDT)-positive strains and the antibiotic susceptibility patterns. The CDI incidence was 6.6 cases/1000 admissions and the majority (92%) of CDI were healthcare-associated (47% occurred in the Hematology-Oncology and in the Gastroenterology units)...
December 2017: Anaerobe
Thomas Alexander, Julie Blatt, Asheley Cockrell Skinner, Ravi Jhaveri, Meghan Jobson, Katherine Freeman
OBJECTIVE: Although management algorithms for fever and central venous catheters (CVCs) have been implemented for pediatric oncology (PO) patients, management of pediatric outpatients with noncancer diagnoses and CVCs lacks clear protocols. The aim of the study was to assess outcomes for pediatric outpatients with gastrointestinal disorders presenting with fever and CVC. METHODS: Using a microbiology database and emergency department records, we created a database of pediatric gastroenterology (PGI) and PO outpatients with fever and a CVC who presented to our emergency department or clinics from January 2010 through December 2012...
November 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Virginia Mirra, Sergio Bernasconi
This review focuses key advances in different pediatric fields that were published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2015. Weaning studies continue to show promise for preventing food allergy. New diagnostic tools are available for identifying the allergic origin of allergic-like symptoms. Advances have been reported in obesity, short stature and autoimmune endocrine disorders. New molecules are offered to reduce weight gain and insulin-resistance in obese children. Regional investigations may provide suggestions for preventing short stature...
August 27, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Yolanda Y Huang, Lucy Li, Matthew Monteleone, Lynne Ferrari, Lisa J States, James J Riviello, Steven G Kernie, Ali A Mencin, Sumit Gupta, Lena S Sun
Ongoing investigation from the Pediatric Anesthesia NeuroDevelopment Assessment (PANDA) study hopes to examine the long-term effect on cognitive and language development of a single anesthetic exposure in children undergoing inguinal hernia repair. The fifth PANDA Symposium, held in April 2016, continued the mission of previous symposia to examine evidence from basic science and clinical studies on potential neurotoxic effects of anesthetics on developing brain. At the 2016 Symposium, a panel of specialists from nonsurgical pediatric disciplines including anesthesiology, radiology, neurology, gastroenterology, oncology, cardiology, and critical care reviewed use of anesthesia in their practices, including how concern over possible neurodevelopmental effects of early childhood anesthetic exposure has changed discussion with patients and families regarding risks and benefits of imaging studies and interventional procedures involving sedation or anesthesia...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
Maddalena Napolitano, Matteo Megna, Anna Balato, Fabio Ayala, Serena Lembo, Alessia Villani, Nicola Balato
Psoriasis is a chronic, immune-mediated, inflammatory skin disease, affecting 1-3% of the white population. Although the existence of two psoriasis incidence peaks has been suggested (one in adolescence before 20 years of age and another in adulthood), its onset may occur at any age, including childhood and adolescence, in which the incidence is now estimated at 40.8 per 100,000. As for adult psoriasis, pediatric psoriasis has recently been associated with obesity, metabolic syndrome, increased waist circumference percentiles and metabolic laboratory abnormalities, warranting early monitoring and lifestyle modifications...
June 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
Priscila H A Oliveira, Mariana G Pinheiro, Larissa A Isquierdo, Ricardo Sukiennik, Lucia C Pellanda
OBJECTIVES: The Brazilian scientific production in the pediatrics field has been increasing significantly. It is important to identify the distribution and activity of these groups in the country and the main study areas, contributing with data for better resource allocation by institutions. METHODS: An active research was conducted in the National Council of Technological and Scientific Development (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico [CNPq]) website, using as filters the macro area of the research group (Health Sciences), the area (Medicine), and descriptors related to pediatrics...
May 2015: Jornal de Pediatria
Amosy E M'Koma
This review provides a summary of the global epidemiology of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). It is now clear that IBD is increasing worldwide and has become a global emergence disease. IBD, which includes Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), has been considered a problem in industrial-urbanized societies and attributed largely to a Westernized lifestyle and other associated environmental factors. Its incidence and prevalence in developing countries is steadily rising and has been attributed to the rapid modernization and Westernization of the population...
2013: Clinical Medicine Insights. Gastroenterology
Christina Fotiadou, Elizabeth Lazaridou, Demetrios Ioannides
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory cutaneous disorder affecting 2%-4% of the world's population. The prevalence of the disease in childhood and adolescence ranges between 0.5% and 2%. The management of psoriasis in adolescence is an intriguing and complicated task. Given the paucity of officially approved therapies, the very limited evidence-based data from randomized controlled trials, and the absence of standardized guidelines, physicians must rely on published experience from case reports both from the field of dermatology as well as from the application of these drugs for other pediatric conditions coming from the disciplines of rheumatology, gastroenterology, and oncology...
2014: Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics
Joanna Kemp, Miguel A Guzman, Colleen M Fitzpatrick, Samer K Elbabaa
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Anterior sacral meningoceles are lesions that are uncommonly reported and can be associated with other pathology including presacral masses, tethered spinal cord, and syringomyelia. Tethered spinal cord and syringomyelia can result in neurologic deficits, while large meningoceles and presacral masses can have gastroenterologic, urologic, reproductive, and oncologic consequences. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The authors report a case of a 14-year-old girl with an anterior sacral meningocele, tailgut cyst, and tethered cord with holocord syringomyelia who presented with a tethered cord syndrome, manifested by constipation, urinary retention, bilateral lower extremity weakness, and sensory deficits...
June 2014: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Silvia Cesari, Angela Di Giorgio, Sergio Bernasconi
Main progresses in endocrinology, gastroenterology, hemato-oncology, infectious diseases, otolaryngology, pharmacotherapy, and respiratory tract illnesses selected from articles published in The Italian Journal of Pediatrics in 2011 were reviewed. Risk factors for gastroenteritis and appendicitis in developing countries may be useful in improving our understanding of these diseases. Childhood hearing impairment is a world-wide problem which continues to have an high prevalence in newborns. Among the mechanisms of diseases, obese children often have asthma and high hepcidin levels that may reduce serum iron concentrations...
2012: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Frederic H Fahey, S Ted Treves, S James Adelstein
The value of pediatric nuclear medicine is well established. Pediatric patients are referred to nuclear medicine from nearly all pediatric specialties including urology, oncology, cardiology, gastroenterology, and orthopedics. Radiation exposure is associated with a potential, small, risk of inducing cancer in the patient later in life and is higher in younger patients. Recently, there has been enhanced interest in exposure to radiation from medical imaging. Thus, it is incumbent on practitioners of pediatric nuclear medicine to have an understanding of dosimetry and radiation risk to communicate effectively with their patients and their families...
March 2012: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
Jaykaran Charan, Preeti Yadav, Deepak Saxena, N D Kantharia
CONTEXT: It is observed in studies done for western medical journals that insufficient information related to drug is usually provided in the drug advertisements published in them. AIMS: As data for advertisements published in Indian Medical Journals were lacking, this study was designed with the aim of evaluating drug advertisements published in Indian Medical Journals for adequacy of information on drug and references given to support the claim made in the advertisements...
July 2011: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Gary L Freed, Kelly M Dunham, Carol Loveland-Cherry, Kristy K Martyn, Marc J Moote
OBJECTIVE: Historically, most pediatric subspecialists have conducted their clinical work in academic health centers. However, increases in the absolute numbers of pediatric subspecialists in past decades, combined with greater concentrations of children in urban and suburban settings, might result in more opportunities for pediatric subspecialists to enter private practice. Our goal was to assess the proportions of subspecialists in private practice. METHODS: We surveyed a stratified, random, national sample of 1696 subspecialists from 5 subspecialties and assessed the ownership of their current clinical practice settings...
October 2011: Pediatrics
Frederic H Fahey, S Ted Treves, S James Adelstein
The value of pediatric nuclear medicine is well established. Pediatric patients are referred to nuclear medicine from nearly all pediatric specialties including urology, oncology, cardiology, gastroenterology, and orthopedics. Radiation exposure is associated with a potential, small, risk of inducing cancer in the patient later in life and is higher in younger patients. Recently, there has been enhanced interest in exposure to radiation from medical imaging. Thus, it is incumbent on practitioners of pediatric nuclear medicine to have an understanding of dosimetry and radiation risk to communicate effectively with their patients and their families...
August 2011: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Sebastian O Ekenze, Emmanuel A Ameh
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to determine if pediatric surgery residency training program in West Africa addresses the realities of posttraining practice. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional survey of 36 pediatric surgeons trained in West Africa using self-administered questionnaires. RESULTS: Overall, 26 (72%) responded. Although 21 (81%) had adequate exposures in most surgical components of training, 18 (69%) were exposed to most of the nonsurgical components...
April 2010: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Arpi Bekmezian, Paul J Chung, Shahram Yazdani
OBJECTIVE: To assess cost and length of stay for subspecialty patients on a staff-only general pediatric hospitalist service vs traditional faculty/housestaff subspecialty services in a major teaching hospital. DESIGN: Retrospective study of 2 cohort groups: a staff-only general pediatric hospitalist group and subspecialty faculty/housestaff gastroenterology and hematology/oncology groups. SETTING: Major referral center providing full-spectrum, complex surgical, and subspecialty care including transplantation...
October 2008: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine
Anthony C Smith, Paul Scuffham, Richard Wootton
BACKGROUND: There are few cost-minimisation studies in telemedicine. We have compared the actual costs of providing a telepaediatric service to the potential costs if patients had travelled to see the specialist in person. METHODS: In November 2000, we established a novel telepaediatric service for selected regional hospitals in Queensland. Instead of transferring patients to Brisbane, the majority of referrals to specialists in Brisbane were dealt with via videoconference...
2007: BMC Health Services Research
Eduardo R Marín López et al.
This is the first time in our country that a group of experts in the field of hepatology gather to review the current status of HBV infection establishing the First National Consensus on Chronic Hepatitis B. With the new sensitive diagnostic methods, new antivirals capable of inhibiting viral replication, the appropriate use of passive and active immunoprophilaxis, and the better understanding of the natural history of the disease, we are finding new corners in the approach of high risk groups and management of infected patients...
October 2005: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
Magdalena Góra-Gebka, Anna Liberek, Grazyna Sikorska-Wiśniewska, Agnieszka Jankowska, Agnieszka Szlagatys-Sidorkiewicz, Wanda Bako, Andrzej Marek, Julianna Kurlenda, Maria Korzon
UNLABELLED: Parasitosis still remains a significant pediatric health problem, despite improving hygienic conditions and social awareness. THE AIM OF THIS STUDY: was to analyze clinical manifestations of Giardia lamblia infection in children hospitalized in the Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Gastroenterology and Oncology of Medical University of Gdansk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: studied children included 49 patients aged 2.2 - 17.3 years: group I children below and group II above 5 years of age...
April 2006: Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego
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