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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226396/editorial-alfapump-an-alternative-to-large-volume-paracentesis-for-patients-with-refractory-ascites
#1
EDITORIAL
S Macdonald, R Jalan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206839/development-of-an-organ-failure-score-in-acute-liver-failure-for-transplant-selection-and-identification-of-patients-at-high-risk-of-futility
#2
Francesco Figorilli, Antonella Putignano, Olivier Roux, Pauline Houssel-Debry, Claire Francoz, Catherine Paugam-Burtz, Olivier Soubrane, Banwari Agarwal, François Durand, Rajiv Jalan
INTRODUCTION: King's College Hospital criteria are currently used to select liver transplant candidates in acetaminophen-related acute liver failure (ALF). Although widely accepted, they show a poor sensitivity in predicting pre-transplant mortality and cannot predict the outcome after surgery. In this study we aimed to develop a new prognostic score that can allow patient selection for liver transplantation more appropriately and identify patients at high risk of futile transplantation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203029/modeling-pedestrian-gap-crossing-index-under-mixed-traffic-condition
#3
Mohamed M Naser, Adnan Zulkiple, Walid A Al Bargi, Nasradeen A Khalifa, Basil David Daniel
INTRODUCTION: There are a variety of challenges faced by pedestrians when they walk along and attempt to cross a road, as the most recorded accidents occur during this time. Pedestrians of all types, including both sexes with numerous aging groups, are always subjected to risk and are characterized as the most exposed road users. The increased demand for better traffic management strategies to reduce the risks at intersections, improve quality traffic management, traffic volume, and longer cycle time has further increased concerns over the past decade...
December 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194916/the-impact-of-obesity-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-septic-shock-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Beverley Kok, Constantine J Karvellas, Juan G Abraldes, Rajiv Jalan, Vinay Sundaram, David Gurka, Sean Keenan, Aseem Kumar, Greg Martinka, Brian Bookatz, Gordon Wood, Anand Kumar
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The prevalence of obesity in cirrhosis is rising. The impact of obesity in the critically-ill cirrhotic patient with sepsis/septic shock has not been evaluated. This study aimed to examine the relationship between obesity and mortality in cirrhotic patients admitted to the intensive care unit with septic shock. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of all cirrhotic patients with septic shock (n=362) and a recorded body mass index (BMI) from an international, multicenter (CATTS) database (1996-2015) was performed...
December 1, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171941/extracorporeal-cellular-therapy-elad-in-severe-alcoholic-hepatitis-a-multinational-prospective-controlled-randomized-trial
#5
Julie Thompson, Natasha Jones, Ali Al-Khafaji, Shahid Malik, David Reich, Santiago Munoz, Ross MacNicholas, Tarek Hassanein, Lewis Teperman, Lance Stein, Andrés Duarte-Rojo, Raza Malik, Talal Adhami, Sumeet Asrani, Nikunj Shah, Paul Gaglio, Anupama Duddempudi, Brian Borg, Rajiv Jalan, Robert Brown, Heather Patton, Rohit Satoskar, Simona Rossi, Amay Parikh, Ahmed ElSharkawy, Parvez Mantry, Linda Sher, David Wolf, Marquis Hart, Charles Landis, Alan Wigg, Shahid Habib, Geoffrey McCaughan, Steven Colquhoun, Alyssa Henry, Patricia Bedard, Lee Landeen, Michael Millis, Robert Ashley, William Frank, Andrew Henry, Jan Stange, Ram Subramanian
Severe Alcoholic Hepatitis (sAH) is associated with a poor prognosis. There is no proven effective treatment for sAH, which is why early transplantation has been increasingly discussed. Hepatoblastoma-derived C3A cells express anti-inflammatory proteins and growth factors and were tested in an extracorporeal liver treatment (ELAD) study to establish their effect on survival for subjects with sAH. Adults with sAH, bilirubin ≥8 mg/dL, Maddrey's Discriminant Function (DF) ≥32 and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score ≤35, were randomized to receive standard of care (SOC) only or 3-5 days of continuous ELAD treatment plus SOC...
November 24, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156208/from-the-editor-s-desk-december-2017
#6
Richard Moreau, Ramon Bataller, Thomas Berg, Jessica Zucman-Rossi, Rajiv Jalan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092446/is-repulsion-good-for-the-health-of-chimeras
#7
Sarika Jalan, Saptarshi Ghosh, Bibhabasu Patra
Yes! Very much so. A chimera state refers to the coexistence of a coherent-incoherent dynamical evolution of identically coupled oscillators. We investigate the impact of multiplexing of a layer having repulsively coupled oscillators on the occurrence of chimeras in the layer having attractively coupled identical oscillators. We report that there exists an enhancement in the appearance of the chimera state in one layer of the multiplex network in the presence of repulsive coupling in the other layer. Furthermore, we show that a small amount of inhibition or repulsive coupling in one layer is sufficient to yield the chimera state in another layer by destroying its synchronized behavior...
October 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067149/the-impact-of-rifaximin-%C3%AE-on-the-hospital-resource-use-associated-with-the-management-of-patients-with-hepatic-encephalopathy-a-retrospective-observational-study-impress
#8
Mark Hudson, Amr Radwan, Paola Di Maggio, Riccardo Cipelli, Stephen D Ryder, John F Dillon, William Jonathan Cash, Robert T Przemioslo, Mark Wright, Debbie L Shawcross, Rajiv Jalan, Sushma Saksena, Michael Allison, Paul Richardson, Elizabeth Farrington, Richard J Aspinall
OBJECTIVE: To compare all-cause and liver-related hospital resource use in the 6 and 12 months pre-rifaximin-α and post-rifaximin-α initiation in UK patients with hepatic encephalopathy (HE). DESIGN: A UK multicentre, retrospective, observational study. Patients' medical records were reviewed for demographics, clinical outcomes and adverse events (AEs) to rifaximin-α. Details of hospital admissions/attendances in the 6 and 12 months pre-rifaximin-α and post-rifaximin-α initiation were extracted from hospital electronic databases...
October 2017: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059474/ducts-in-a-dish-bioengineered-biliary-scaffolds-for-regenerative-medicine
#9
Nidhi Jalan-Sakrikar, Robert C Huebert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050635/from-the-editor-s-desk-november-2017
#10
Richard Moreau, Ramon Bataller, Thomas Berg, Jessica Zucmann-Rossi, Rajiv Jalan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023872/cell-death-markers-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-acute-decompensation
#11
Stewart Macdonald, Fausto Andreola, Patrik Bachtiger, Alex Amoros, Marco Pavesi, Rajeshwar Mookerjee, Yu Bao Zheng, Henning Grønbaek, Alexander L Gerbes, Elsa Sola, Paolo Caraceni, Richard Moreau, Pere Gines, Vicente Arroyo, Rajiv Jalan
The aims of this study were to determine the role of cell death in cirrhotic patients with acute decompensation (AD) and acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) using plasma-based biomarkers. The patients studied were part of the CANONIC study (N=337; AD: 258; ACLF: 79); additional cohorts included healthy volunteers, stable cirrhotic patients and a group of 16 AD patients for histological studies. Caspase-cleaved keratin 18 (cK18) and keratin 18 (K18), which reflect apoptotic and total cell death respectively and cK18:K18 ratio (apoptotic index) were measured in the plasma by ELISA...
October 10, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950611/optimized-evolution-of-networks-for-principal-eigenvector-localization
#12
Priodyuti Pradhan, Alok Yadav, Sanjiv K Dwivedi, Sarika Jalan
Network science is increasingly being developed to get new insights about behavior and properties of complex systems represented in terms of nodes and interactions. One useful approach is investigating the localization properties of eigenvectors having diverse applications including disease-spreading phenomena in underlying networks. In this work, we evolve an initial random network with an edge rewiring optimization technique considering the inverse participation ratio as a fitness function. The evolution process yields a network having a localized principal eigenvector...
August 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941852/predictors-of-adverse-outcome-in-patients-of-tuberculous-meningitis-in-a-multi-centric-study-from-india
#13
Renu Gupta, Suman Kushwaha, Rajeev Thakur, Nupur Jalan, Pumanshi Rawat, Piyush Gupta, Amitesh Aggarwal, Meena Gupta, Vikas Manchanda
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the factors which may predict mortality and neurological disability at one year follow up in patients of tuberculous meningitis (TBM) in India. METHODOLOGY: Patients with TBM were prospectively enrolled from July 2012 to September 2014 from four tertiary care hospitals of Delhi. The demographic characteristics, clinical features and laboratory findings were collected and patients were followed up till 1 year. These were analyzed by univariate and multivariate multinomial logistic regression analysis to identify predictors of adverse patient outcome at 1 year follow up...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923204/from-the-editor-s-desk-october-2017
#14
Richard Moreau, Ramon Bataller, Thomas Berg, Jessica Zucman-Rossi, Rajiv Jalan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910115/bulky-dehydroamino-acids-enhance-proteolytic-stability-and-folding-in-%C3%AE-hairpin-peptides
#15
Ankur Jalan, David W Kastner, Kei G I Webber, Mason S Smith, Joshua L Price, Steven L Castle
The bulky dehydroamino acids dehydrovaline (ΔVal) and dehydroethylnorvaline (ΔEnv) can be inserted into the turn regions of β-hairpin peptides without altering their secondary structures. These residues increase proteolytic stability, with ΔVal at the (i + 1) position having the most substantial impact. Additionally, a bulky dehydroamino acid can be paired with a d-amino acid (i.e., d-Pro) to synergistically enhance resistance to proteolysis. A link between proteolytic stability and peptide structure is established by the finding that a stabilized ΔVal-containing β-hairpin is more highly folded than its Asn-containing congener...
October 6, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893453/corrigendum-to-hepatic-dimethylarginine-dimethylaminohydrolase1-is-reduced-in-cirrhosis-and-is-a-target-for-therapy-in-portal-hypertension-j-hepatol-62-2015-325-331
#16
Rajeshwar P Mookerjee, Gautam Mehta, Vairappan Balasubramaniyan, Fatma El Zahraa Mohamed, Nathan Davies, Vikram Sharma, Yasuko Iwakiri, Rajiv Jalan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 8, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892096/development-and-characterization-of-cholangioids-from-normal-and-diseased-human-cholangiocytes-as-an-in-vitro-model-to-study-primary-sclerosing-cholangitis
#17
Lorena Loarca, Thiago M De Assuncao, Nidhi Jalan-Sakrikar, Steve Bronk, Anuradha Krishnan, Bing Huang, Leslie Morton, Christy Trussoni, Lorena Marcano Bonilla, Eugene Krueger, Steve O'Hara, Patrick Splinter, Guang Shi, María José Lorenzo Pisarello, Gregory J Gores, Robert C Huebert, Nicholas F LaRusso
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an incurable, fibroinflammatory biliary disease for which there is no effective pharmacotherapy. We recently reported cholangiocyte senescence as an important phenotype in PSC while others showed that portal macrophages accumulate in PSC. Unfortunately, our ability to explore cholangiocyte senescence and macrophage accumulation has been hampered by limited in vitro models. Thus, our aim was to develop and characterize a three-dimensional (3D) model of normal and diseased bile ducts (cholangioids) starting with normal human cholangiocytes (NHC), senescent NHC (NHC-sen), and cholangiocytes from PSC patients...
November 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855762/a-comparison-of-human-dental-pulp-response-to-calcium-hydroxide-and-biodentine-as-direct-pulp-capping-agents
#18
Anushka Lalit Jalan, Manjusha M Warhadpande, Darshan M Dakshindas
CONTEXT: Direct pulp capping involves the placement of a biocompatible agent on pulp tissue that has been inadvertently exposed from traumatic injury or by iatrogenic means. AIM: To compare the human pulp response to calcium hydroxide and Biodentine as direct pulp-capping agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pulp exposures were performed on the pulpal floor of forty human permanent premolars. The exposure sites were dressed with either Dycal or Biodentine as pulp-capping materials...
March 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844314/acute-kidney-injury-in-acute-on-chronic-liver-failure-where-does-hepatorenal-syndrome-fit
#19
REVIEW
Andrew Davenport, Mohammed Faisal Sheikh, Edmund Lamb, Banwari Agarwal, Rajiv Jalan
Renal dysfunction occurs in 25% to 50% of patients with cirrhosis admitted to the hospital with an acute episode of hepatic decompensation and may be due to underlying chronic kidney disease, an acute deterioration, or both. An acute deterioration in renal function in cirrhotic patients is now collectively referred to as acute kidney injury (AKI), which has been subclassified into different grades of severity that identify prognostic groups. Acute-on-chronic liver failure is characterized by acute hepatic and/or extrahepatic organ failure driven by a dysregulated immune response and systemic inflammatory response...
November 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839178/hypercoagulability-progresses-to-hypocoagulability-during-evolution-of-acetaminophen-induced-acute-liver-injury-in-pigs
#20
Karla Chui Luan Lee, Luisa Baker, Susan Mallett, Anne Riddell, Pratima Chowdary, Hatim Alibhai, Yu-Mei Chang, Simon Priestnall, Giacomo Stanzani, Nathan Davies, Rajeshwar Mookerjee, Rajiv Jalan, Banwari Agarwal
Increases in prothrombin time (PT) and international normalised ratio (INR) characterise acute liver injury (ALI) and failure (ALF), yet a wide heterogeneity in clotting abnormalities exists. This study defines evolution of coagulopathy in 10 pigs with acetaminophen (APAP)-induced ALI compared to 3 Controls. APAP administration began at 0 h and continued to 'ALF', defined as INR >3. In APAP pigs, INR was 1.05 ± 0.02 at 0 h, 2.15 ± 0.43 at 16 h and > 3 at 18 ± 1 h. At 12 h thromboelastography (TEG) demonstrated increased clot formation rate, associated with portal vein platelet aggregates and reductions in protein C, protein S, antithrombin and A Disintegrin and Metalloprotease with Thrombospondin type 1 repeats-13 (ADAMTS-13) to 60%, 24%, 47% and 32% normal respectively...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
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