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Training monitoring, Athlete

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140183/full-title-examining-the-presence-of-back-pain-in-competitive-athletes-a-focus-on-stress-and-recovery
#1
Jahan Heidari, Johanna Belz, Monika Hasenbring, Jens Kleinert, Claudia Levenig, Michael Kellmann
Context - Explanatory approaches for back pain (BP) in athletes focus on biomechanical factors while neglecting psychological perspectives. Psychological factors have gained importance in the prediction of injuries in athletes and BP in the general population, with stress and recovery emerging as central risk factors. However, scarce evidence exists regarding the role of these aspects for the prevalent burden of back pain (BP). Objective - To investigate the association between stress and recovery parameters and the presence of BP...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135639/sleep-and-athletic-performance
#2
Andrew M Watson
Sleep is an essential component of health and well-being, with significant impacts on physical development, emotional regulation, cognitive performance, and quality of life. Along with being an integral part of the recovery and adaptive process between bouts of exercise, accumulating evidence suggests that increased sleep duration and improved sleep quality in athletes are associated with improved performance and competitive success. In addition, better sleep may reduce the risk of both injury and illness in athletes, not only optimizing health but also potentially enhancing performance through increased participation in training...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112054/lower-extremity-stiffness-considerations-for-testing-performance-enhancement-and-injury-risk
#3
Jon Brazier, Sean Maloney, Chris Bishop, Paul J Read, Anthony N Turner
Brazier, J, Maloney, S, Bishop, C, Read, PJ, and Turner, AN. Lower extremity stiffness: considerations for testing, performance enhancement, and injury risk. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-Force-deformation characteristics of the lower limb have been associated with athletic performance and may modulate the risk of injury. Despite these known associations, measurements of lower extremity stiffness are not commonly administered by strength and conditioning coaches. This review provides an overview of the available literature pertaining to the effects of lower extremity stiffness on physical performance and injury risk...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091465/validity-of-the-online-athlete-management-system-to-assess-training-load
#4
Miranda J Menaspà, Paolo Menaspà, Sally A Clark, Maurizio Fanchini
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to validate the quantification of training load (s-RPE) in an Australian Olympic squad (women's water polo), assessed with the use of a modified RPE scale collected via a newly developed online system (Athlete Management System, AMS). METHODS: Sixteen elite women water polo players (age 26 ± 3 y, height 1.78 ± 0.05 m, body mass 75.5 ± 7.1 kg) participated in the study. Thirty training sessions were monitored, for a total of 303 individual sessions...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072537/sleep-training-load-and-performance-in-elite-female-gymnasts
#5
J Dumortier, A Mariman, J Boone, L Delesie, E Tobback, D Vogelaers, J G Bourgois
Training load (TL) and recovery should be in optimal balance to obtain maximal performance gains. We aimed to study sleep as a recovery technique and its relationship with TL and performance in elite athletes. Twenty-six elite female artistic gymnasts were divided into an under 13 (n = 6), an under 14 (n = 6), a junior (n = 7; 14-15y) and a senior (=World Championship (WC) competitors, n = 7; ≥16y) category. Sleep, through sleep logs, and training parameters, using the session Rate of Perceived Exertion (sRPE) scale, were monitored to calculate total sleep time (TST), sleep efficiency (SE), TL, monotony and strain...
October 26, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072031/wellness-muscle-soreness-and-neuromuscular-performance-during-a-training-week-in-volleyball-athletes
#6
Francisco Tavares, Mário Simões, Bruno Matos, Tiaki B Smith, Matthew Driller
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the current study is to analyse the acute effects of volleyball training and to compare the responses of different perceptual and neuromuscular measures to overall training load. METHODS: The training load, wellness, neuromuscular performance and perceptual measures of soreness of 13 highly-trained volleyball athletes (18 ± 1 years; 187.1 ± 7.0 cm; 84.3 ± 10.3 kg) representing the Portugal under-19 national team were monitored during a training week...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068864/monitoring-training-load-in-handcycling-a-case-study
#7
Sebastian Zeller, Thomas Abel, Heiko K Strueder
Zeller, S, Abel, T, and Strueder, HK. Monitoring training load in handcycling: a case study. J Strength Cond Res 31(11): 3094-3100, 2017-The aim of this study was to analyze the training intensity distribution (TID) and the total training load (TTL) for the first time in handcycling of a multiple female Paralympic medalist (lesion level: L2-3 incomplete, ASIA C, classification: WH5). This study focuses on the preparation and the competitive period of the 2015 season. The athlete completed 194 handcycling training sessions in a time of 433:53 hours, covering a total distance of 10...
November 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045316/understanding-the-relationship-between-coach-and-athlete-perceptions-of-training-intensity-in-youth-sport
#8
Sean Scantlebury, Kevin Till, Tom Sawczuk, Jonathon Weakley, Ben Jones
To alleviate issues arising from the over/under prescription of training load, coaches must ensure that desired athlete responses to training are being achieved. The present study aimed to assess the level of agreement between the coach intended (pre-session) and observed (post-session) rating of perceived exertion (RPE), with athlete RPE during different training intensities (easy, moderate, hard). Coach intended RPE was taken prior to all field based training sessions over an 8 week in-season period. Following training, all coaches and athletes, whom were participants in hockey, netball, rugby and soccer were asked to provide an RPE measure for the completed session...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043512/comparisons-of-perceived-training-doses-in-champion-collegiate-level-male-and-female-cross-country-runners-and-coaches-over-the-course-of-a-competitive-season
#9
Kyle R Barnes
BACKGROUND: Session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE) is a practical tool for coaches to assess internal training load of their athletes. In a sport like cross-country running, that is individual in nature, but has a team training and competition component, information about the association between external and internal load is lacking. Furthermore, there is a need for studies that examine perception of training doses across multiple training cycles including the competitive season as well as between male and female athletes...
October 17, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039763/design-of-a-wireless-sensor-system-with-the-algorithms-of-heart-rate-and-agility-index-for-athlete-evaluation
#10
Meina Li, Youn Tae Kim
Athlete evaluation systems can effectively monitor daily training and boost performance to reduce injuries. Conventional heart-rate measurement systems can be easily affected by artifact movement, especially in the case of athletes. Significant noise can be generated owing to high-intensity activities. To improve the comfort for athletes and the accuracy of monitoring, we have proposed to combine robust heart rate and agility index monitoring algorithms into a small, light, and single node. A band-pass-filter-based R-wave detection algorithm was developed...
October 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993881/maximal-rate-of-heart-rate-increase-correlates-with-fatigue-recovery-status-in-female-cyclists
#11
Maximillian J Nelson, Clint R Bellenger, Rebecca L Thomson, Eileen Y Robertson, Kade Davison, Daniela Schäfer Olstad, Jonathan D Buckley
PURPOSE: Being able to identify how an athlete is responding to training would be useful to optimise adaptation and performance. The maximal rate of heart rate increase (rHRI), a marker of heart rate acceleration has been shown to correlate with performance changes in response to changes in training load in male athletes; however, it has not been established if it also correlates with performance changes in female athletes. METHODS: rHRI and cycling performance were assessed in six female cyclists following 7 days of light training (LT), 14 days of heavy training (HT) and a 10 day taper period...
October 9, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976815/dissemination-and-implementation-strategies-of-lower-extremity-preventive-training-programs-in-youth-a-clinical-review
#12
Lindsay J DiStefano, Barnett S Frank, Hayley J Root, Darin A Padua
CONTEXT: Neuromuscular preventive training programs effectively reduce injury and improve performance in youth athletes. However, program effectiveness is directly linked to program compliance, fidelity, and dosage. Preventive training programs are not widely adopted by youth sport coaches. One way to promote widespread dissemination and compliance is to identify implementation strategies that influence program adoption and maintenance. It is unknown how previously published programs have followed the elements of an implementation framework...
November 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948583/a-narrative-review-of-the-physical-demands-and-injury-incidence-in-american-football-application-of-current-knowledge-and-practices-in-workload-management
#13
REVIEW
Toby Edwards, Tania Spiteri, Benjamin Piggott, G Gregory Haff, Christopher Joyce
The sport of American football (AmF) exposes athletes to high-velocity movements and frequent collisions during competition and training, placing them at risk of contact and non-contact injury. Due to the combative nature of the game, the majority of injuries are caused by player contact; however, a significant number are also non-contact soft-tissue injuries. The literature suggests that this mechanism of injury can be prevented through workload monitoring and management. The recent introduction of microtechnology into AmF allows practitioners and coaches to quantify the external workload of training and competition to further understand the demands of the sport...
September 25, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948538/the-right-heart-acute-and-chronic-issues
#14
REVIEW
Timothy W Churchill, Aaron L Baggish
Cardiovascular remodeling in response to sustained moderate and high-intensity exercise is a well-established phenomenon. Following more than a century of work focused on the left ventricle (LV), remodeling of the right side of the heart has recently become a topic of considerable scientific and clinical interest. Morphologic and functional changes have now been well documented in the right ventricle (RV) after isolated bouts of endurance exercise and in association with long-term sustained training. Although exercise-induced cardiac remodeling is classically viewed as an adaptive, clinically benign process, it has recently been hypothesized that repetitive bouts of intense exercise may trigger pathologic changes in the RV characterized by patchy fibrosis and a predisposition to arrhythmia...
September 25, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933715/rating-of-perceived-exertion-for-quantification-of-training-and-combat-loads-during-combat-sport-specific-activities-a-short-review
#15
Maamer Slimani, Philip Davis, Emerson Franchini, Wassim Moalla
The aim of this short review was to summarize data pertaining to the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) methods (RPE value and session-RPE) during combat sport-specific activities (i.e., competition and training) based on many factors, including contest type (i.e., official vs. simulated vs. training), combat rounds, age of participants and muscle groups, and their correlation with physiological variables (i.e., blood lactate concentration [La] and heart rate [HR]). The current review shows higher RPE in a match of mixed martial arts (MMAs) than Brazilian jiu-jitsu and kickboxing matches and during the competitive period compared with the precompetitive period...
October 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930872/improving-vertical-jump-profiles-through-prescribed-movement-plans
#16
John K Mayberry, Bryce Patterson, Phil Wagner
Developing practical, reliable, and valid methods for monitoring athlete wellness and injury risk is an important goal for trainers, athletes, and coaches. Previous studies have shown that the countermovement vertical jump test (CMJ) is both a reliable and valid metric for evaluating an athlete's condition. This study examines the effectiveness of prescribed workouts on improving quality of movement during CMJ. The dataset consists of 2425 pairs of CMJ scans for high school, college, and professional athletes training at a privately owned facility...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912731/long-term-athletic-development-in-youth-alpine-ski-racing-the-effect-of-physical-fitness-ski-racing-technique-anthropometrics-and-biological-maturity-status-on-injuries
#17
Lisa Müller, Carolin Hildebrandt, Erich Müller, Christian Fink, Christian Raschner
Alpine ski racing is known to be a sport with a high risk of injuries. Because most studies have focused mainly on top-level athletes and on traumatic injuries, limited research exists about injury risk factors among youth ski racers. The aim of this study was to determine the intrinsic risk factors (anthropometrics, biological maturity, physical fitness, racing technique) for injury among youth alpine ski racers. Study participants were 81 youth ski racers attending a ski boarding school (50 males, 31 females; 9-14 years)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912725/enhanced-strength-and-sprint-levels-and-changes-in-blood-parameters-during-a-complete-athletics-season-in-800-m-high-level-athletes
#18
Beatriz Bachero-Mena, Fernando Pareja-Blanco, Juan J González-Badillo
The purpose of this study was to analyze changes in sprint, strength, hematological, and hormonal parameters in high-level 800 m athletes during a complete athletics season. Thirteen male athletes of national and international level in 800 m (personal best ranging from 1:43 to 1:58 min:ss) participated in this study. A total of 5 tests were conducted during a complete athletics season. Athletes performed sprint tests (20 and 200 m), countermovement jump (CMJ), jump squat (JS), and full squat (SQ) tests. Blood samples (red and white blood profile) and hormones were collected in test 1 (T1), test 3 (T3), and test 5 (T5)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902119/determination-of-vertical-jump-as-a-measure-of-neuromuscular-readiness-and-fatigue
#19
Casey M Watkins, Saldiam R Barillas, Megan A Wong, David C Archer, Ian J Dobbs, Robert G Lockie, Jared W Coburn, Tai T Tran, Lee E Brown
Coaches closely monitor training loads and periodize sessions throughout the season to create optimal adaptations at the proper time. However, only monitoring training loads ignores the innate physiological stress each athlete feels individually. Vertical jump (VJ) is widely used as a measure of lower body power, and has been used in post-match studies to demonstrate fatigue levels. However, no pre-training monitoring via VJ performance has been previously studied. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity of VJ as a measure of readiness and fatigue on a daily sessional basis...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900575/energy-system-development-and-load-management-through-the-rehabilitation-and-return-to-play-process
#20
Scot Morrison, Patrick Ward, Gregory R duManoir
Return-to-play from injury is a complex process involving many factors including the balancing of tissue healing rates with the development of biomotor abilities. This process requires interprofessional cooperation to ensure success. An often-overlooked aspect of return-to-play is the development and maintenance of sports specific conditioning while monitoring training load to ensure that the athlete's training stimulus over the rehabilitation period is appropriate to facilitate a successful return to play...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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