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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429855/coincidence-of-mandibular-fractures-with-isolated-posterior-maxillary-sinus-fractures
#1
Sebastian Blatt, Roman Rahimi-Nedjat, Keyvan Sagheb, Lisa Piechowiak, Christian Walter, Dan Brüllmann
BACKGROUND/AIM: There is no data available to show whether there is a relationship between mandibular fractures and isolated fractures of the posterior and/or latera wals of the maxillary sinus. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a coincidence between these fracture patterns. METHODS: Four hundred large volume cone beam computed tomography scans (CBCT) of patients with a fracture of the mandible between 2008 and 2013 were analyzed retrospectively...
April 21, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428474/evaluation-of-absorbed-dose-for-cbct-in-image-guided-radiation-therapy-comparison-of-each-devices-and-facilities
#2
Yumiko Kitazato, Noriyuki Kuga, Katsutoshi Shirieda, Masahiro Enzaki, Yuji Nakaguchi, Yoshinobu Shimohigashi, Toshihisa Kawasaki, Masahiko Toyoda, Daisuke Kawahara, Fujio Araki, Shinji Kawamura
Recently, intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is used worldwide, highly accurate verification of the location using image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) has become critical. However, the use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) to ascertain the location each time raises concerns about its influence on radiotherapy dosage and increased radiation exposure. The purpose of this study was to measure the absorbed dose using nine kilovoltage (kV) devices and two megavoltage (MV) devices (total 11 devices) at eight facilities, compare the absorbed dose among the devices, and assess the characteristics of the respective devices to ensure optimal clinical operation...
2017: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423624/assessment-of-female-breast-dose-for-thoracic-cone-beam-ct-using-mosfet-dosimeters
#3
Wenzhao Sun, Bin Wang, Bo Qiu, Jian Liang, Weihao Xie, Xiaowu Deng, Zhenyu Qi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the breast dose during a routine thoracic cone-beam CT (CBCT) check with the efforts to explore the possible dose reduction strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Metal oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) dosimeters were used to measure breast surface doses during a thorax kV CBCT scan in an anthropomorphic phantom. Breast doses for different scanning protocols and breast sizes were compared. Dose reduction was attempted by using partial arc CBCT scan with bowtie filter...
March 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419781/evaluation-of-stability-of-stereotactic-space-defined-by-cone-beam-ct-for-the-leksell-gamma-knife-icon
#4
Ismail AlDahlawi, Dheerendra Prasad, Matthew B Podgorsak
The Gamma Knife Icon comes with an integrated cone-beam CT (CBCT) for image-guided stereotactic treatment deliveries. The CBCT can be used for defining the Leksell stereotactic space using imaging without the need for the traditional invasive frame system, and this allows also for frameless thermoplastic mask stereotactic treatments (single or fractionated) with the Gamma Knife unit. In this study, we used an in-house built marker tool to evaluate the stability of the CBCT-based stereotactic space and its agreement with the standard frame-based stereotactic space...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419147/cone-beam-computed-tomography-with-automated-bone-subtraction-in-preoperative-embolization-for-pelvic-bone-tumors
#5
Dae Yong Park, Hyo-Cheol Kim, Jin Wook Chung, Saebeom Hur, Minuk Kim, Myungsu Lee, Hwan Jun Jae
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of cone-beam computed tomography with automated bone subtraction (CBCT-ABS) in the preoperative embolization of hypervascular tumors located in the pelvic bone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 26 patients with pelvic bone tumors who underwent preoperative embolization between January 2014 and October 2016. A CBCT-ABS scan was taken in a total of 17 patients (CBCT-ABS group), and only a series of digital subtraction angiographies (DSAs) was taken in the remaining 9 patients (DSA group)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416319/feasibility-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-detecting-lateral-canals-before-and-after-root-canal-treatment-an-ex%C3%A2-vivo-study
#6
Thiago Oliveira Sousa, Bassam Hassan, Hesam Mirmohammadi, Hagay Shemesh, Francisco Haiter-Neto
INTRODUCTION: The study objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging for the detection of lateral canals (LCs) in endodontically treated premolars. METHODS: Two evaluators classified 80 extracted premolars into 2 groups based on the absence (n = 40) or presence (n = 40) of LCs according to micro-computed tomographic analysis. The extracted teeth were fixated in a human mandible and scanned with CBCT imaging. Subsequently, each tooth was endodontically treated, and CBCT scans were repeated...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416314/the-use-of-a-novel-approach-for-the-instrumentation-of-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-discernible-lateral-canal-in-an-unusual-maxillary-incisor-case-report
#7
Antonis Chaniotis, Christos G Filippatos
Lateral and apical ramifications of the main root canal create potential pathways through which bacteria can spread and remain unaffected by treatment procedures. It is a challenge for the specialty to find techniques that can predictably reach, disinfect, and obturate these ramifications. Here, we report the use of a novel instrumentation approach to aid in the negotiation and management of a lateral canal discernible on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in an unusual maxillary central incisor. A 23-year-old female patient was referred for evaluation and possible treatment of tooth 9...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414927/integration-of-free-hand-3d-ultrasound-and-mobile-c-arm-cone-beam-ct-feasibility-and-characterization-for-real-time-guidance-of-needle-insertion
#8
E Marinetto, A Uneri, T De Silva, S Reaungamornrat, W Zbijewski, A Sisniega, S Vogt, G Kleinszig, J Pascau, J H Siewerdsen
This work presents development of an integrated ultrasound (US)-cone-beam CT (CBCT) system for image-guided needle interventions, combining a low-cost ultrasound system (Interson VC 7.5MHz, Pleasanton, CA) with a mobile C-arm for fluoroscopy and CBCT via use of a surgical tracker. Imaging performance of the ultrasound system was characterized in terms of depth-dependent contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and spatial resolution. US-CBCT system was evaluated in phantom studies simulating three needle-based procedures: drug delivery, tumor ablation, and lumbar puncture...
April 3, 2017: Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics: the Official Journal of the Computerized Medical Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414869/zygomaticomaxillary-suture-maturation-a-predictor-of-maxillary-protraction-part-i-a-classification-method
#9
F Angelieri, L Franchi, L H S Cevidanes, C T Hino, T Nguyen, J A McNamara
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present a method of classifying the maturational level of the zygomaticomaxillary sutures (ZMSs). METHODS: Cone-beam CT (CBCT) images from 74 subjects (5.6-58.4 years) were examined to define the radiographic stages of ZMS maturation. Five stages of maturation of the ZMS were identified and defined: Stage A-uniform high-density sutural line, with no or little interdigitation; Stage B-scalloped appearance of the high-density sutural line; Stage C-two parallel, scalloped, high-density lines, separated in some areas by small low-density spaces; Stage D-fusion in the inferior portion of the suture; and Stage E-complete fusion...
May 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414799/comprehensive-evaluation-of-ten-deformable-image-registration-algorithms-for-contour-propagation-between-ct-and-cone-beam-ct-images-in-adaptive-head-neck-radiotherapy
#10
Xin Li, Yuyu Zhang, Yinghua Shi, Shuyu Wu, Yang Xiao, Xuejun Gu, Xin Zhen, Linghong Zhou
Deformable image registration (DIR) is a critical technic in adaptive radiotherapy (ART) for propagating contours between planning computerized tomography (CT) images and treatment CT/cone-beam CT (CBCT) images to account for organ deformation for treatment re-planning. To validate the ability and accuracy of DIR algorithms in organ at risk (OAR) contour mapping, ten intensity-based DIR strategies, which were classified into four categories-optical flow-based, demons-based, level-set-based and spline-based-were tested on planning CT and fractional CBCT images acquired from twenty-one head & neck (H&N) cancer patients who underwent 6~7-week intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412561/metastatic-human-breast-cancer-to-the-spine-produces-mechanical-hyperalgesia-and-gait-deficits-in-rodents
#11
Rachel Sarabia-Estrada, Alejandro Ruiz-Valls, Hugo Guerrero-Cazares, Ana M Ampuero, Ismael Jimenez-Estrada, Samantha De Silva, Lydia J Bernhardt, C Rory Goodwin, A Karim Ahmed, Yuxin Li, Neil A Phillips, Ziya L Gokaslan, Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa, Daniel M Sciubba
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Metastases to the spine are a common source of severe pain in cancer patients. The secondary effects of spinal metastases include pain, bone fractures, hypercalcemia, and neurological deficits. As the disease progresses, pain severity can increase until it becomes refractory to medical treatments and leads to a decreased quality of life for patients. A key obstacle in the study of pain-induced spinal cancer is the lack of reliable and reproducible spine cancer animal models...
April 13, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412235/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-a-metal-artifact-reduction-algorithm-in-different-cone-beam-computed-tomography-scanning-parameters
#12
Polyane Mazucatto Queiroz, Francisco Carlos Groppo, Matheus Lima Oliveira, Francisco Haiter-Neto, Deborah Queiroz Freitas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a metal artifact reduction (MAR) algorithm in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of dental materials obtained with different field-of-view (FOV) and voxel sizes. STUDY DESIGN: Two imaging phantoms were custom-made of acrylic resin. Each phantom had 3 cylinders made of the same dental material: dental amalgam or copper-aluminum alloy. CBCT scans were obtained separately for each of the imaging phantoms using the Picasso-Trio CBCT (Vatech, Hwaseong, Republic of Korea) unit at 4 FOV sizes and 2 voxel sizes...
March 9, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411008/cone-beam-computed-tomography-incidental-findings-of-the-cervical-spine-and-clivus-retrospective-analysis-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Noura A Alsufyani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze and describe incidental findings in the cervical spine (C-spine) and the clivus encountered in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging. The wide range of possible anatomic variants and pathoses is discussed in the context of the medical and dental literature to clarify their radiographic appearance and clinical implications as a guide for the oral and maxillofacial radiologist. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of radiographic reports was conducted based on CBCT images from 2 oral and maxillofacial imaging centers...
March 19, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411007/influence-of-lip-retraction-on-the-cone-beam-computed-tomography-assessment-of-bone-and-gingival-tissues-of-the-anterior-maxilla
#14
Jesca Neftali Nogueira Silva, Priscila Ferreira de Andrade, Bruno Salles Sotto-Maior, Neuza Maria Souza Picorelli Assis, Antônio Carlos Pires Carvalho, Karina Lopes Devito
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of lip retraction on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) assessment of bone and gingival tissues on the labial surface of the anterior maxilla. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was conducted using measurements of bone and gingival tissues collected from 120 maxillary incisors. The thicknesses of the bone and gingival tissues of different regions were measured on CBCT images, with and without a lip retractor. The thicknesses of the gingival tissues obtained from CBCT were correlated with measurements performed by clinical probing...
February 20, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410682/integrated-digital-tomosynthesis-for-patient-positioning-of-image-guided-radiation-therapy
#15
Hui Yan, Jian-Rong Dai
PURPOSE: Digital Tomosynthesis (DTS), originally developed for diagnostic applications, has been recently introduced to image guided radiotherapy (IGRT). Due to limited scan range, DTS was featured by anisotropic spatial resolution. A new approach, integrated DTS (IDTS), was developed to improve image resolution of DTS for patient positioning in IGRT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For registration purpose, both on-board IDTS (O-IDTS) and reference IDTS (R-IDTS) were required...
April 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410679/dual-energy-imaging-method-to-improve-the-image-quality-and-the-accuracy-of-dose-calculation-for-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#16
Kuo Men, Jianrong Dai, Xinyuan Chen, Minghui Li, Ke Zhang, Peng Huang
PURPOSE: To improve the image quality and accuracy of dose calculation for cone-beam computed tomography (CT) images through implementation of a dual-energy cone-beam computed tomography method (DE-CBCT), and evaluate the improvement quantitatively. METHODS: Two sets of CBCT projections were acquired using the X-ray volumetric imaging (XVI) system on a Synergy (Elekta, Stockholm, Sweden) system with 120kV (high) and 70kV (low) X-rays, respectively. Then, the electron density relative to water (relative electron density (RED)) of each voxel was calculated using a projection-based dual-energy decomposition method...
April 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409246/the-impact-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-on-setup-errors-during-external-beam-radiation-therapy-for-prostate-cancer
#17
Cem Onal, Yemliha Dolek, Yurday Ozdemir
PURPOSE: To determine whether setup errors during external beam radiation therapy (RT) for prostate cancer are influenced by the combination of androgen deprivation treatment (ADT) and RT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 175 patients treated for prostate cancer were retrospectively analyzed. Treatment was as follows: concurrent ADT plus RT, 33 patients (19%); neoadjuvant and concurrent ADT plus RT, 91 patients (52%); RT only, 51 patients (29%). Required couch shifts without rotations were recorded for each megavoltage (MV) cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scan, and corresponding alignment shifts were recorded as left-right (x), superior-inferior (y), and anterior-posterior (z)...
April 13, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407987/topographic-analysis-of-the-maxillary-premolars-relative-to-the-maxillary-sinus-and-the-alveolar-bone-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#18
Kazuhide Nishihara, Shin-Ichiro Yoshimine, Takahiro Goto, Kiyohide Ishihata, Ken-Ichi Kume, Takuya Yoshimura, Norifumi Nakamura, Akira Arasaki
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the anatomic characteristics of the maxillary premolars for the planning of dental treatment using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). STUDY DESIGN: CBCT images were obtained for 150 maxillary premolars in 68 patients. The internal angle formed by the long axis of the maxillary premolars and the long axis of the alveolar bone was evaluated on the cross-sectional images. The vertical relationships between the maxillary premolars and the maxillary sinus were classified into 5 categories...
May 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407514/age-estimation-from-structural-changes-of-teeth-and-buccal-alveolar-bone-level
#19
K K Koh, J S Tan, P Nambiar, Norliza Ibrahim, Sunil Mutalik, Muhammad Khan Asif
Forensic odontology plays a vital role in the identification and age estimation of unknown deceased individuals. The purpose of this study is to estimate the chronological age from Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) images by measuring the buccal alveolar bone level (ABL) to the cemento-enamel junction and to investigate the possibility of employing the age-related structural changes of teeth as studied by Gustafson. In addition, this study will determine the forensic reliability of employing CBCT images as a technique for dental age estimation...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406135/sliding-malar-bone-augmentation-technique-with-a-high-le-fort-i-surgically-assisted-rapid-maxillary-expansion
#20
G Dergin, P Aktop, S Biren, S Aktop
The purpose of this report is to evaluate the effectiveness of a high Le Fort I osteotomy design, including the malar bones, which allows segment sliding over the zygoma and forces the osteotomized segment to move forward with distraction. Two patients (male, 23-and 30-year-old) with malar deficiency underwent high Le Fort I osteotomy and surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion procedure was followed. Records were taken before and 6 months after surgery for comparison, including intra and extra oral photographs and three-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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