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Injury prevention, running

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224442/report-of-the-primary-outcomes-for-gait-mechanics-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-trial-secondary-prevention-with-and-without-perturbation-training-does-not-restore-gait-symmetry-in-men-1-or-2-years-after-acl-reconstruction
#1
Jacob John Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Amelia Arundale, Kathleen Cummer, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Movement asymmetries during walking are common after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction and may influence the early development of posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Preoperative neuromuscular training (like perturbation training, which is neuromuscular training requiring selective muscle activation in response to surface perturbations) improves gait asymmetries and functional outcomes among people who are ACL-deficient, but the effect of postoperative perturbation training on gait mechanics after ACL reconstruction is unknown...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216319/two-levels-of-waviness-are-necessary-to-package-the-highly-extensible-nerves-in-rorqual-whales
#2
Margo A Lillie, A Wayne Vogl, Kelsey N Gil, John M Gosline, Robert E Shadwick
Peripheral nerves are susceptible to stretch injury [1-4] and incorporate structural waviness at the level of the axons, fascicles, and nerve trunk to accommodate physiological increases in length [5, 6]. It is unknown whether there are limits to the amount of deformation that waviness can accommodate. In rorqual whales, a sub-group of baleen whales, nerves running through the ventral groove blubber (VGB) associated with the floor of the mouth routinely experience dramatically large deformations. In fact, some of these nerves more than double their length during lunge feeding and then recoil to a short, compressed state after each lunge [7-9]...
February 12, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215879/incline-treadmill-exercise-suppresses-pain-hypersensitivity-associated-with-the-modulation-of-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-and-anti-inflammatory-cytokine-in-rats-with-peripheral-nerve-injury
#3
Kun-Ling Tsai, Po-Ching Huang, Li-Kai Wang, Ching-Hsia Hung, Yu-Wen Chen
We aimed to investigate the impact of 3 weeks of incline treadmill exercise (TE) on withdrawal responses elicited by thermal and mechanical stimuli, and on anti-inflammatory cytokine (interleukin-10, IL-10) and pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-α]) expression in the sciatic nerve of rats underwent chronic constriction injury (CCI). Group 1 received a sham-operation where the sciatic nerve was exposed but not ligated, while Group 2 underwent a sham-operation followed by exercising on an 8%-incline treadmill (TE8)...
February 12, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210643/perception-of-health-problems-among-competitive-runners-a-qualitative-study-of-cognitive-appraisals-and-behavioral-responses
#4
Sara Jelvegård, Toomas Timpka, Victor Bargoria, Håkan Gauffin, Jenny Jacobsson
BACKGROUND: Approximately 2 of every 3 competitive runners sustain at least 1 health problem each season. Most of these problems are nontraumatic injuries with gradual onset. The main known risk indicator for sustaining a new running-related injury episode is a history of a previous injury, suggesting that behavioral habits are part of the causal mechanisms. PURPOSE: Identification of elements associated with purposeful interpretations of body perceptions and balanced behavioral responses may supply vital information for prevention of health problems in runners...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187803/management-of-acute-traumatic-spinal-cord-injuries
#5
C D Shank, B C Walters, M N Hadley
Acute traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating disease process affecting tens of thousands of people across the USA each year. Despite the increase in primary prevention measures, such as educational programs, motor vehicle speed limits, automobile running lights, and safety technology that includes automobile passive restraint systems and airbags, SCIs continue to carry substantial permanent morbidity and mortality. Medical measures implemented following the initial injury are designed to limit secondary insult to the spinal cord and to stabilize the spinal column in an attempt to decrease devastating sequelae...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129576/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-active-vehicle-safety-systems
#6
Eunbi Jeong, Cheol Oh
Advanced vehicle safety systems have been widely introduced in transportation systems and are expected to enhance traffic safety. However, these technologies mainly focus on assisting individual vehicles that are equipped with them, and less effort has been made to identify the effect of vehicular technologies on the traffic stream. This study proposed a methodology to assess the effectiveness of active vehicle safety systems (AVSSs), which represent a promising technology to prevent traffic crashes and mitigate injury severity...
March 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068160/prediction-of-injuries-and-injury-types-in-army-basic-training-infantry-armor-and-cavalry-trainees-using-a-common-fitness-screen
#7
JoEllen M Sefton, K R Lohse, J S McAdam
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries (MSIs) are among the most important challenges facing our military. They influence career success and directly affect military readiness. Several methods of screening initial entry training (IET) soldiers are being tested in an effort to predict which soldiers will sustain an MSI and to develop injury-prevention programs. The Army 1-1-1 Fitness Assessment was examined to determine if it could be used as a screening and MSI prediction mechanism in male IET soldiers...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054124/-severe-blunt-thoracic-trauma-caused-by-ski-collision
#8
S J Lochner, M Scherr, M Perl, C Grove
An approximately 25-year-old skier collided in a ski-run intersection. At high speed, he first hit another skier and then smashed into a snow cannon. He died from his injuries a short time later in hospital. A whole-body CT scan was conducted under resuscitation conditions, which was followed by an autopsy. The investigation revealed a severe blunt thoracic trauma as cause of death. The detailed analysis was the result of the combination of the two methods of investigation, CT scan and autopsy. The methods complemented each other effectively and allowed for a detailed presentation of the injury pattern...
January 4, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005637/effects-of-physical-training-and-fitness-on-running-injuries-in-physically-active-young-men
#9
Tyson L Grier, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Morgan K Anderson, Timothy T Bushman, Bruce H Jones
Grier, TL, Canham-Chervak, M, Anderson, MK, Bushman, TT, and Jones, BH. Effects of physical training and fitness on running injuries in physically active young men. J Strength Cond Res 31(1): 207-216, 2017-The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of physical training (PT) and fitness on risks for running-related injuries (RRIs) in physically active young men. Personal characteristics, PT, Army Physical Fitness Test scores, and injury data were obtained by survey. Army Physical Fitness Test variables (push-ups, sit-ups, and 2-mile run) were converted into quartiles (Q), where Q1 = lowest performance and Q4 = highest performance...
January 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984178/endogenous-modulation-of-trkb-signaling-by-treadmill-exercise-after-peripheral-nerve-injury
#10
Ariadna Arbat-Plana, Stefano Cobianchi, Mireia Herrando-Grabulosa, Xavier Navarro, Esther Udina
After peripheral nerve injury, transected fibers distal to the lesion are disconnected from the neuronal body. This results in target denervation but also massive stripping of the central synapses of axotomized motoneurons, disrupting spinal circuits. Even when axonal regeneration is successful, the non-specific target reinnervation and the limited rebuilding of spinal circuits impair functional recovery. Therefore, strategies aimed to preserve spinal circuits after nerve lesions may improve the functional outcome...
October 28, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977300/preventive-neuromuscular-training-for-young-female-athletes-comparison-of-coach-and-athlete-compliance-rates
#11
Dai Sugimoto, Carl G Mattacola, Heather M Bush, Staci M Thomas, Kim D Barber Foss, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:  Fewer athletic injuries and lower anterior cruciate ligament injury incidence rates were noted in studies of neuromuscular-training (NMT) interventions that had high compliance rates. However, several groups have demonstrated that preventive NMT interventions were limited by low compliance rates. OBJECTIVE:  To descriptively analyze coach and athlete compliance with preventive NMT and compare the compliance between study arms as well as among school levels and sports...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918675/biomechanics-in-paralympics-implications-for-performance
#12
Floor Morriën, Matthew J D Taylor, Florentina J Hettinga
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of biomechanical studies in Paralympic research and their relevance for performance in Paralympic sports. METHODS: Search terms ' Paralympic Biomechanics', 'Paralympic Sport Performance', 'Paralympic Athlete Performance', and Paralympic Athlete' were entered into the electronic database PubMed. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies were included. Biomechanical studies in Paralympics mainly contributed to performance enhancement by technical optimization (n=32) and/or injury prevention (n=6)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918673/predictive-indicators-of-overuse-injuries-in-adolescent-endurance-athletes
#13
Daniel Martínez-Silván, Jaime Díaz-Ocejo, Andrew Murray
PURPOSE: To analyse the influence of training exposure and the utility of self-report questionnaires on predicting overuse injuries in adolescent endurance athletes. METHODS: 5 adolescent male endurance athletes (15.7 ± 1.4 yr) from a full-time sports academy answered 2 questionnaires (Recovery Cue; RC-q & Oslo Sports Trauma Research questionnaire; OSTRC-q) on a weekly basis for one season (37 wks) in order to detect (1) signs of overtraining and under-recovery (RC-q) and (2) early symptoms of lower limb injuries (OSTRC-q)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893566/validity-and-reliability-of-a-portable-balance-tracking-system-btracks-in-older-adults
#14
Susan S Levy, Katie J Thralls, Shiloah A Kviatkovsky
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Falls are the leading cause of disability, injury, hospital admission, and injury-related death among older adults. Balance limitations have consistently been identified as predictors of falls and increased fall risk. Field measures of balance are limited by issues of subjectivity, ceiling effects, and low sensitivity to change. The gold standard for measuring balance is the force plate; however, its field use is untenable due to high cost and lack of portability...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880769/effects-of-treatment-of-treadmill-combined-with-electro-acupuncture-on-tibia-bone-mass-and-substance-pexpression-of-rabbits-with-sciatic-nerve-injury
#15
Yan Wang, Qiang Tang, Luwen Zhu, Ruyi Huang, Lei Huang, Melanie Koleini, Dequan Zou
The peripheral nervous system may play an important role in normal bone maintenance and remodeling. Substance P (SP) is a neuropeptide associated with bone loss and formation that may mediate the effects of the nervous system. The purpose of this study is to determine if treadmill running combined with electro-acupuncture at Jiaji acupoints (Jiaji-EA) affects tibial bone mass and SP expression in rabbits with sciatic nerve injury. Twenty-four juvenile male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly assigned to one of 4 groups: sham injury control (sham), sciatic never crush control (SNCr), treadmill running (treadmill), and Jiaji-EA combined with treadmill running (ET group)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880039/importance-of-external-cause-coding-for-injury-surveillance-lessons-from-assessment-of-overexertion-injuries-among-u-s-army-soldiers-in-2014
#16
Michelle Canham-Chervak, Ryan A Steelman, Anna Schuh, Bruce H Jones
Injuries are a barrier to military medical readiness, and overexertion has historically been a leading mechanism of injury among active duty U.S. Army soldiers. Details are needed to inform prevention planning. The Defense Medical Surveillance System (DMSS) was queried for unique medical encounters among active duty Army soldiers consistent with the military injury definition and assigned an overexertion external cause code (ICD-9: E927.0-E927.9) in 2014 (n=21,891). Most (99.7%) were outpatient visits and 60% were attributed specifically to sudden strenuous movement...
November 2016: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872744/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sporting activities can cause injuries and overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) in children have been shown to be more common than injuries caused by trauma. The lower extremity is more frequently affected than the upper extremity in OIE, but it is not known whether injury site and diagnosis vary in different sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses and anatomical areas most likely to be injured...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863188/the-use-of-2-conditioning-programs-and-the-fitness-characteristics-of-police-academy-cadets
#18
Charles Cocke, Jay Dawes, Robin Marc Orr
CONTEXT:  Police academy training must physically prepare cadets for the rigors of their occupational tasks to prevent injury and allow them to adequately perform their duties. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the effects of 2 physical training programs on multiple fitness measures in police cadets. DESIGN:  Cohort study. SETTING:  Police training academy. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:  We collected data from 70 male (age = 27...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834923/a-case-study-of-dynamic-response-analysis-and-safety-assessment-for-a-suspended-monorail-system
#19
Yulong Bao, Yongle Li, Jiajie Ding
A suspended monorail transit system is a category of urban rail transit, which is effective in alleviating traffic pressure and injury prevention. Meanwhile, with the advantages of low cost and short construction time, suspended monorail transit systems show vast potential for future development. However, the suspended monorail has not been systematically studied in China, and there is a lack of relevant knowledge and analytical methods. To ensure the health and reliability of a suspended monorail transit system, the driving safety of vehicles and structure dynamic behaviors when vehicles are running on the bridge should be analyzed and evaluated...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811329/effects-of-the-fifa-11-training-program-on-injury-prevention-and-performance-in-football-players-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Mansueto Gomes Neto, Cristiano Sena Conceição, Alécio Jorge Alves de Lima Brasileiro, Camila Santana de Sousa, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho, Fabio Luciano Arcanjo de Jesus
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of FIFA 11 training on injury prevention and performance in football players. DESIGN AND METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis. We conducted a systematic search using four databases (CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and PubMed) to find controlled trials evaluating the effects of FIFA 11 on injury prevention and performance among football players. Weighted mean differences, standard mean differences, risk ratios, and 95% confidence intervals were calculated, and heterogeneity was assessed using the I(2) test...
November 2, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
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