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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674008/applying-systems-ergonomics-methods-in-sport-a-systematic-review
#1
Adam Hulme, Jason Thompson, Katherine L Plant, Gemma J M Read, Scott Mclean, Amanda Clacy, Paul M Salmon
INTRODUCTION: As sports systems become increasingly more complex, competitive, and technology-centric, there is a greater need for systems ergonomics methods to consider the performance, health, and safety of athletes in context with the wider settings in which they operate. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review was to identify and critically evaluate studies which have applied a systems ergonomics research approach in the context of sports performance and injury management...
April 16, 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671490/common-running-injuries-evaluation-and-management
#2
Michael J Arnold, Aaron L Moody
Running is a common form of exercise but predisposes athletes to several running-related injuries. Most running injuries are due to overuse and respond to conservative treatment. Tendinopathies in the patellar, Achilles, and hamstring tendons are common, and are primarily treated with eccentric exercise. Iliotibial band syndrome and patellofemoral pain syndrome are less common than patellar tendinopathy and are treated by strengthening exercises for the core and legs in addition to flexibility exercises. Acute hamstring strains and medial tibial stress syndrome require a period of relative rest, followed by stretching and graded return to activity...
April 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655364/incidence-and-characteristics-of-low-speed-vehicle-run-over-events-in-rural-and-remote-children-aged-0-14-years-in-queensland-an-11-year-1999-2009-retrospective-analysis
#3
Bronwyn R Griffin, Roy M Kimble, Kerrianne Watt, Linda Shields
INTRODUCTION: The main objective of this study is to describe incidence rates of low-speed vehicle run-over (LSVRO) events among children aged 0-14 years residing in Queensland from 1999 to 2009. A second objective was to describe the associated patterns of injury, with respect to gender, age group, severity, characteristics (host, vehicle and environment), and trends over time in relation to geographical remoteness. Final results are hoped to inform prevention policies. METHODS: In this statewide, retrospective, population-based study, data were collected on LSVRO events that occurred among children aged 0-14 years in Queensland from 1999 to 2009 from all relevant data sources across the continuum of care, and manually linked to obtain the most comprehensive estimate possible of the magnitude and nature of LSVRO events to date...
April 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621163/development-implementation-and-evaluation-of-an-educational-intervention-to-prevent-low-speed-vehicle-run-over-events-lessons-learned
#4
Bronwyn Griffin, Kerrianne Watt, Roy Kimble, Linda Shields
There is a growing body of literature regarding low speed vehicle runover (LSVRO) events among children. To date, no literature exists on evaluation of interventions to address this serious childhood injury. Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour regarding LSVROs were assessed via survey at a shopping centre (pre-intervention), then five months later (post-intervention), to investigate the effect of a population level educational intervention in Queensland, Australia. Participants' knowledge regarding frequency of LSVRO events was poor...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617908/mobilization-of-the-anterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-when-firmly-adherent-to-the-petrous-dura-mater-a-technical-nuance-in-retromastoid-transmeatal-vestibular-schwannoma-surgery-3-dimensional-operative-video
#5
Marcos S Tatagiba, Rocío Evangelista-Zamora, Stefan Lieber
The anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) usually runs loosely within the cerebellopontine cistern; in rare cases, however, it is firmly adherent to the petrous dura mater.1,2 Recognizing this variation is particularly important in vestibular schwannoma surgery via the retrosigmoid transmeatal approach to prevent the high morbidity associated with vascular injury. This video demonstrates a surgical technique to effectively mobilize the AICA when firmly adherent to the petrous dura mater. A 39-year-old man presented with a history of progressive right-sided hearing loss without facial weakness or other associated symptoms3...
March 29, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599878/understanding-trail-runners-activity-on-online-community-forums-an-inductive-analysis-of-discussion-topics
#6
Nadège Rochat, Denis Hauw, Gaëlle Gür, Ludovic Seifert
Recreational trail runners often participate in online community forums where they can freely read posted messages, join discussions and/or introduce new discussion topics. This tool can enhance learning as runners connect with other trail runners and reflect on how they can better organize their own practice. Studying forum activity would provide greater insight into the relationship between field practice and dedicated forums. The aim of this study was therefore to detect the topics discussed online by trail runners in order to understand how they collectively look for solutions that help them adapt to issues that emerge during actual practice...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576960/effect-of-fatigue-and-gender-on-kinematics-and-ground-reaction-forces-variables-in-recreational-runners
#7
Bruno Bazuelo-Ruiz, Juan V Durá-Gil, Nicolás Palomares, Enrique Medina, Salvador Llana-Belloch
The presence of fatigue has been shown to modify running biomechanics. Overall in terms of gender, women are at lower risk than men for sustaining running-related injuries, although it depends on the factors taken into account. One possible reason for these differences in the injury rate and location might be the dissimilar running patterns between men and women. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of fatigue and gender on the kinematic and ground reaction forces (GRF) parameters in recreational runners...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542287/current-concepts-in-meniscus-tissue-engineering-and-repair
#8
REVIEW
Bahar Bilgen, Chathuraka T Jayasuriya, Brett D Owens
The meniscus is the most commonly injured structure in the human knee. Meniscus deficiency has been shown to lead to advanced osteoarthritis (OA) due to abnormal mechanical forces, and replacement strategies for this structure have lagged behind other tissue engineering endeavors. The challenges include the complex 3D structure with individualized size parameters, the significant compressive, tensile and shear loads encountered, and the poor blood supply. In this progress report, a review of the current clinical treatments for different types of meniscal injury is provided...
March 15, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518230/effectiveness-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-in-increasing-resilience-and-reducing-attrition-of-injured-us-navy-recruits
#9
Christopher J Udell, Julie L Ruddy, Philip M Procento
Introduction: US Navy recruits who have injuries preventing them from participating in intense physical conditioning are pulled out of boot camp training and receive treatment that includes daily physical therapy, pain medications, and psychoeducational groups. Graduation from boot camp for these recruits requires not only recovering from their injuries but also passing a required Physical Fitness Assessment consisting of a timed 1.5-mile run, curl-ups, and push-ups. About 50-60% of these recruits will eventually be separated out and sent home...
March 6, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453272/building-the-child-safety-collaborative-innovation-and-improvement-network-how-does-it-work-and-what-is-it-achieving
#10
Jennifer B Leonardo, Rebecca S Spicer, Maria Katradis, Jennifer Allison, Rebekah Thomas
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether the Child Safety Collaborative Innovation and Improvement Network (CS CoIIN) framework could be applied in the field of injury and violence prevention to reduce fatalities, hospitalizations and emergency department visits among 0-19 year olds. SAMPLE: Twenty-one states/jurisdictions were accepted into cohort 1 of the CS CoIIN, and 14 were engaged from March 2016 through April 2017. A quality improvement framework was used to test, implement and spread evidence-based change ideas (strategies and programs) in child passenger safety, falls prevention, interpersonal violence prevention, suicide and self-harm prevention and teen driver safety...
February 16, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409653/classification-scheme-and-prevention-measures-for-caught-in-between-occupational-fatalities
#11
Chia-Fen Chi, Syuan-Zih Lin
The current study analyzed 312 caught-in-between fatalities caused by machinery and vehicles. A comprehensive and mutually exclusive coding scheme was developed to analyze and code each caught-in-between fatality in terms of age, gender, experience of the victim, type of industry, source of injury, and causes for these accidents. Boolean algebra analysis was applied on these 312 caught-in-between fatalities to derive minimal cut set (MCS) causes associated with each source of injury. Eventually, contributing factors and common accident patterns associated with (1) special process machinery including textile, printing, packaging machinery, (2) metal, woodworking, and special material machinery, (3) conveyor, (4) vehicle, (5) crane, (6) construction machinery, and (7) elevator can be divided into three major groups through Boolean algebra and MCS analysis...
April 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387447/prospective-monitoring-of-health-problems-among-recreational-runners-preparing-for-a-half-marathon
#12
Karsten Hollander, Antje Baumann, Astrid Zech, Evert Verhagen
Objectives: While the health benefits of running are legitimately advocated, participation in running can also lead to health problems. There is a high range of reported prevalence rates especially of running-related overuse injuries in high-level athletes and during competition. Little consensus exists for acute injuries and illnesses especially in recreational runners. Therefore, the aim of this study was to record the prevalence of health problems in recreational long-distance runners preparing for an event...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365188/overuse-injuries-in-the-idf-s-combat-training-units-rates-types-and-mechanisms-of-injury
#13
Oren Schwartz, Itzik Malka, Cara H Olsen, Israel Dudkiewicz, Tarif Bader
Introduction: Overuse injuries are responsible for most lost training days and attrition from combat training in the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) as in armies around the world. The purpose of this study is to understand the rates, types, and mechanism of occurrence of overuse injuries in the IDF in order to provide the IDF's commanders a detailed updated situation report in order to enable commanders decision-making, prevention policy, and further research of this highly significant military public health issue...
March 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344540/standing-height-as-a-prevention-measure-for-overuse-injuries-of-the-back-in-alpine-ski-racing-a-kinematic-and-kinetic-study-of-giant-slalom
#14
Jörg Spörri, Josef Kröll, Benedikt Fasel, Kamiar Aminian, Erich Müller
Background: In alpine ski racing, typical loading patterns of the back include a combined occurrence of spinal bending, torsion, and high peak loads. These factors are known to be associated with high spinal disc loading and have been suggested to be attributable to different types of spine deterioration. However, little is known about the effect of standing height (ie, the distance between the bottom of the running surface of the ski and the ski boot sole) on the aforementioned back loading patterns...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333874/road-traffic-injuries-among-riders-of-electric-bike-electric-moped-in-southern-china
#15
Xujun Zhang, Yaming Yang, Jie Yang, Jie Hu, Yang Li, Ming Wu, Lorann Stallones, Henry Xiang
OBJECTIVE: Electric bike/moped-related road traffic injuries have become a burgeoning public health problem in China. The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence and potential risk factors of electric bike/moped-related road traffic injuries among electric bike/moped riders in southern China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was used to interview 3,151 electric bike/moped riders in southern China. Electric bike/moped-related road traffic injuries that occurred from July 2014 to June 2015 were investigated...
January 15, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304923/potentially-modifiable-risk-factors-for-long-term-cognitive-impairment-after-critical-illness-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Amra Sakusic, John C O'Horo, Mikhail Dziadzko, Dziadzko Volha, Rashid Ali, Tarun D Singh, Rahul Kashyap, Ann M Farrell, John D Fryer, Ronald Petersen, Ognjen Gajic, Alejandro A Rabinstein
Long-term cognitive impairment is common in survivors of critical illness. Little is known about the etiology of this serious complication. We sought to summarize current scientific knowledge about potentially modifiable risk factors during intensive care unit (ICU) treatment that may play a substantial role in the development of long-term cognitive impairment. All searches were run on October 1, 2017. The search strategy included Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid Embase, Ovid CDR, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effect, Scopus, and Web of Science, and included MeSH headings and keywords related to intensive care, critical care, and cognitive disorders...
January 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206821/-analysis-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-mexican-cyclists
#17
Victoria Alejandra Muro-Báez, M Eulalia Mendoza-García, Juan Daniel Vera-López, Ricardo Pérez-Núñez
With the objective of analyzing fatal and non-fatal road traffic injuries in cyclists and to document helmet use in this road user to inform sustainable mobility policies, a descriptive analysis of four secondary official information sources was conducted at the national level: mortality, Ministry of Health's hospital discharges, Unintentional and Violence Registry System (SIS-SS-17-P) and the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT). Only SIS-SS-17-P and ENSANUT document helmet use. Except for ENSANUT information analyzed is of 2014...
November 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181259/injury-patterns-in-adolescent-elite-endurance-athletes-participating-in-running-orienteering-and-cross-country-skiing
#18
Philip von Rosen, Frida Floström, Anna Frohm, Annette Heijne
Background: Prospective injury registration studies, monitoring adolescent elite athletes, are sparse in running, orienteering and cross-country skiing, yet essential for developing prevention programs. Purpose: The aims of this study were to describe the injury prevalence/incidence, severity grade, injury location, risk factors and the prevalence of illness in running (RU), orienteering (OR) and cross-country skiing athletes (CR). Study Design: Prospective cohort study...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172095/innovations-and-pitfalls-in-the-use-of-wearable-devices-in-the-prevention-and-rehabilitation-of-running-related-injuries
#19
Richard W Willy
Running-related injuries are common and are associated with a high rate of reoccurrence. Biomechanics and errors in applied training loads are often cited as causes of running-related injuries. Clinicians and runners are beginning to utilize wearable technologies to quantify biomechanics and training loads with the hope of reducing the incidence of running-related injuries. Wearable devices can objectively assess biomechanics and training loads in runners, yet guidelines for their use by clinicians and runners are not currently available...
January 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164109/identification-of-directed-interactions-in-kinematic-data-during-running
#20
Giovana Y Nakashima, Theresa H Nakagawa, Ana F Dos Santos, Fábio V Serrão, Michel Bessani, Carlos D Maciel
The knowledge of motion dynamics during running activity is crucial to enhance the development of rehabilitation techniques and injury prevention programs. Recent studies investigated the interaction between joints, using several analysis techniques, as cross-correlation, sensitivity analysis, among others. However, the direction of the joints pairing is still not understood. This paper proposes a study of the influence direction pattern in healthy runners by using kinematic data together with partial directed coherence, a frequency approach of Granger causality...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
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