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Injury prevention, running

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068160/prediction-of-injuries-and-injury-types-in-army-basic-training-infantry-armor-and-cavalry-trainees-using-a-common-fitness-screen
#1
JoEllen M Sefton, K R Lohse, J S McAdam
CONTEXT:  Musculoskeletal injuries (MSIs) are among the most important challenges facing our military. They influence career success and directly affect military readiness. Several methods of screening initial entry training (IET) soldiers are being tested in an effort to predict which soldiers will sustain an MSI and to develop injury-prevention programs. The Army 1-1-1 Fitness Assessment was examined to determine if it could be used as a screening and MSI prediction mechanism in male IET soldiers...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054124/-severe-blunt-thoracic-trauma-caused-by-ski-collision
#2
S J Lochner, M Scherr, M Perl, C Grove
An approximately 25-year-old skier collided in a ski-run intersection. At high speed, he first hit another skier and then smashed into a snow cannon. He died from his injuries a short time later in hospital. A whole-body CT scan was conducted under resuscitation conditions, which was followed by an autopsy. The investigation revealed a severe blunt thoracic trauma as cause of death. The detailed analysis was the result of the combination of the two methods of investigation, CT scan and autopsy. The methods complemented each other effectively and allowed for a detailed presentation of the injury pattern...
January 4, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005637/effects-of-physical-training-and-fitness-on-running-injuries-in-physically-active-young-men
#3
Tyson L Grier, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Morgan K Anderson, Timothy T Bushman, Bruce H Jones
Grier, TL, Canham-Chervak, M, Anderson, MK, Bushman, TT, and Jones, BH. Effects of physical training and fitness on running injuries in physically active young men. J Strength Cond Res 31(1): 207-216, 2017-The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of physical training (PT) and fitness on risks for running-related injuries (RRIs) in physically active young men. Personal characteristics, PT, Army Physical Fitness Test scores, and injury data were obtained by survey. Army Physical Fitness Test variables (push-ups, sit-ups, and 2-mile run) were converted into quartiles (Q), where Q1 = lowest performance and Q4 = highest performance...
January 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984178/endogenous-modulation-of-trkb-signaling-by-treadmill-exercise-after-peripheral-nerve-injury
#4
Ariadna Arbat-Plana, Stefano Cobianchi, Mireia Herrando-Grabulosa, Xavier Navarro, Esther Udina
After peripheral nerve injury, transected fibers distal to the lesion are disconnected from the neuronal body. This results in target denervation but also massive stripping of the central synapses of axotomized motoneurons, disrupting spinal circuits. Even when axonal regeneration is successful, the non-specific target reinnervation and the limited rebuilding of spinal circuits impair functional recovery. Therefore, strategies aimed to preserve spinal circuits after nerve lesions may improve the functional outcome...
October 28, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977300/preventive-neuromuscular-training-for-young-female-athletes-comparison-of-coach-and-athlete-compliance-rates
#5
Dai Sugimoto, Carl G Mattacola, Heather M Bush, Staci M Thomas, Kim D Barber Foss, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:  Fewer athletic injuries and lower anterior cruciate ligament injury incidence rates were noted in studies of neuromuscular training (NMT) interventions that had high compliance rates. However, several groups have demonstrated that preventive NMT interventions were limited by low compliance rates. OBJECTIVE:  To descriptively analyze coach and athlete compliance with preventive NMT and compare the compliance between study arms as well as among school levels and sports...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918675/biomechanics-in-paralympics-implications-for-performance
#6
Floor Morriën, Matthew J D Taylor, Florentina J Hettinga
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of biomechanical studies in Paralympic research and their relevance for performance in Paralympic sports. METHODS: Search terms ' Paralympic Biomechanics', 'Paralympic Sport Performance', 'Paralympic Athlete Performance', and Paralympic Athlete' were entered into the electronic database PubMed. RESULTS: Thirty-four studies were included. Biomechanical studies in Paralympics mainly contributed to performance enhancement by technical optimization (n=32) and/or injury prevention (n=6)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918673/predictive-indicators-of-overuse-injuries-in-adolescent-endurance-athletes
#7
Daniel Martínez-Silván, Jaime Díaz-Ocejo, Andrew Murray
PURPOSE: To analyse the influence of training exposure and the utility of self-report questionnaires on predicting overuse injuries in adolescent endurance athletes. METHODS: 5 adolescent male endurance athletes (15.7 ± 1.4 yr) from a full-time sports academy answered 2 questionnaires (Recovery Cue; RC-q & Oslo Sports Trauma Research questionnaire; OSTRC-q) on a weekly basis for one season (37 wks) in order to detect (1) signs of overtraining and under-recovery (RC-q) and (2) early symptoms of lower limb injuries (OSTRC-q)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893566/validity-and-reliability-of-a-portable-balance-tracking-system-btracks-in-older-adults
#8
Susan S Levy, Katie J Thralls, Shiloah A Kviatkovsky
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Falls are the leading cause of disability, injury, hospital admission, and injury-related death among older adults. Balance limitations have consistently been identified as predictors of falls and increased fall risk. Field measures of balance are limited by issues of subjectivity, ceiling effects, and low sensitivity to change. The gold standard for measuring balance is the force plate; however, its field use is untenable due to high cost and lack of portability...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880769/effects-of-treatment-of-treadmill-combined-with-electro-acupuncture-on-tibia-bone-mass-and-substance-pexpression-of-rabbits-with-sciatic-nerve-injury
#9
Yan Wang, Qiang Tang, Luwen Zhu, Ruyi Huang, Lei Huang, Melanie Koleini, Dequan Zou
The peripheral nervous system may play an important role in normal bone maintenance and remodeling. Substance P (SP) is a neuropeptide associated with bone loss and formation that may mediate the effects of the nervous system. The purpose of this study is to determine if treadmill running combined with electro-acupuncture at Jiaji acupoints (Jiaji-EA) affects tibial bone mass and SP expression in rabbits with sciatic nerve injury. Twenty-four juvenile male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly assigned to one of 4 groups: sham injury control (sham), sciatic never crush control (SNCr), treadmill running (treadmill), and Jiaji-EA combined with treadmill running (ET group)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880039/importance-of-external-cause-coding-for-injury-surveillance-lessons-from-assessment-of-overexertion-injuries-among-u-s-army-soldiers-in-2014
#10
Michelle Canham-Chervak, Ryan A Steelman, Anna Schuh, Bruce H Jones
Injuries are a barrier to military medical readiness, and overexertion has historically been a leading mechanism of injury among active duty U.S. Army soldiers. Details are needed to inform prevention planning. The Defense Medical Surveillance System (DMSS) was queried for unique medical encounters among active duty Army soldiers consistent with the military injury definition and assigned an overexertion external cause code (ICD-9: E927.0-E927.9) in 2014 (n=21,891). Most (99.7%) were outpatient visits and 60% were attributed specifically to sudden strenuous movement...
November 2016: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872744/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sporting activities can cause injuries and overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) in children have been shown to be more common than injuries caused by trauma. The lower extremity is more frequently affected than the upper extremity in OIE, but it is not known whether injury site and diagnosis vary in different sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses and anatomical areas most likely to be injured...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863188/the-use-of-2-conditioning-programs-and-the-fitness-characteristics-of-police-academy-cadets
#12
Charles Cocke, Jay Dawes, Robin Marc Orr
CONTEXT:  Police academy training must physically prepare cadets for the rigors of their occupational tasks to prevent injury and allow them to adequately perform their duties. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the effects of 2 physical training programs on multiple fitness measures in police cadets. DESIGN:  Cohort study. SETTING:  Police training academy. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:  We collected data from 70 male (age = 27...
November 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834923/a-case-study-of-dynamic-response-analysis-and-safety-assessment-for-a-suspended-monorail-system
#13
Yulong Bao, Yongle Li, Jiajie Ding
A suspended monorail transit system is a category of urban rail transit, which is effective in alleviating traffic pressure and injury prevention. Meanwhile, with the advantages of low cost and short construction time, suspended monorail transit systems show vast potential for future development. However, the suspended monorail has not been systematically studied in China, and there is a lack of relevant knowledge and analytical methods. To ensure the health and reliability of a suspended monorail transit system, the driving safety of vehicles and structure dynamic behaviors when vehicles are running on the bridge should be analyzed and evaluated...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811329/effects-of-the-fifa-11-training-program-on-injury-prevention-and-performance-in-football-players-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Mansueto Gomes Neto, Cristiano Sena Conceição, Alécio Jorge Alves de Lima Brasileiro, Camila Santana de Sousa, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho, Fabio Luciano Arcanjo de Jesus
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of FIFA 11 training on injury prevention and performance in football players. DESIGN AND METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis. We conducted a systematic search using four databases (CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and PubMed) to find controlled trials evaluating the effects of FIFA 11 on injury prevention and performance among football players. Weighted mean differences, standard mean differences, risk ratios, and 95% confidence intervals were calculated, and heterogeneity was assessed using the I(2) test...
November 2, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800702/independent-effects-of-step-length-and-foot-strike-pattern-on-tibiofemoral-joint-forces-during-running
#15
Collin D Bowersock, Richard W Willy, Paul DeVita, John D Willson
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of step length and foot strike pattern along with their interaction on tibiofemoral joint (TFJ) and medial compartment TFJ kinetics during running. Nineteen participants ran with a rear foot strike pattern at their preferred speed using a short (-10%), preferred, and long (+10%) step length. These step length conditions were then repeated using a forefoot strike pattern. Regardless of foot strike pattern, a 10% shorter step length resulted in decreased peak contact force, force impulse per step, force impulse per kilometre, and average loading rate at the TFJ and medial compartment, while a 10% increased step length had the opposite effects (all P < 0...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799464/muscle-injury-impaired-muscle-function-and-insulin-resistance-in-chromogranin-a-knockout-mice
#16
Kechun Tang, Teresa Pasqua, Angshuman Biswas, Sumana Mahata, Jennifer Tang, Alisa Tang, Gautam K Bandyopadhyay, Amiya P Sinha-Hikim, Nai-Wen Chi, Nicholas J G Webster, Angelo Corti, Sushil K Mahata
Chromogranin A (CgA) is widely expressed in endocrine and neuroendocrine tissues as well as in the central nervous system. We observed CgA expression (mRNA and protein) in the gastrocnemius (GAS) muscle and found that performance of CgA-deficient Chga-KO mice in treadmill exercise was impaired. Supplementation with CgA in Chga-KO mice restored exercise ability suggesting a novel role for endogenous CgA in skeletal muscle function. Chga-KO mice display (i) lack of exercise-induced stimulation of pAKT, pTBC1D1 and phospho-p38 kinase signaling, (ii) loss of GAS muscle mass, (iii) extensive formation of tubular aggregates (TA), (iv) disorganized cristae architecture in mitochondria, (v) increased expression of the inflammatory cytokines Tnfα, Il6 and Ifnγ, and fibrosis...
February 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755283/hip-biomechanics-are-altered-in-male-runners-with-achilles-tendinopathy
#17
Mark W Creaby, Conor Honeywill, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, Anthony G Schache, Kay M Crossley
PURPOSE: Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a prevalent injury in running sports. Understanding the biomechanical factors associated with AT will assist in its management and prevention. The purpose of this study was to compare hip and ankle kinematics and kinetics in runners with and without AT. METHODS: Fourteen male runners with AT and eleven healthy male runners (CTRL) ran over-ground whilst lower-limb joint motion and ground reaction force data were synchronously captured...
October 17, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753997/ed-07-2-to-lift-walk-or-run-what-is-the-optimal-mode-of-exercise-to-reduce-hypertension-and-prevent-cardiovascular-disease
#18
Peter Kokkinos
A plethora of evidence exists supporting that structured aerobic exercise or activities that increase cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) lower resting blood pressure (BP) in patients with hypertension (HTN). Relatively few studies have assessed the effects of anaerobic or resistance exercise on BP. Thus, its role in managing HTN is not defined. Also, possible risks related with exercise in hypertensive patients have not been adequately addressed.In addition to lowering BP, CRF attenuates the incidence of HTN. A substantial part of the age-related progression to HTN is not an inevitable outcome of aging as once thought, but a consequence of lifestyle characterized by high-fat/salt diets and physical inactivity...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714907/the-use-and-modification-of-injury-prevention-exercises-by-professional-youth-soccer-teams
#19
J O'Brien, W Young, C F Finch
The efficacy of injury prevention exercise programs (IPEPs) for amateur youth soccer has been established, but little is known about their adaptability to other soccer populations. This study aimed to assess the use of individual injury prevention exercises by professional youth soccer teams, against the industry-standard, FIFA 11+ program. Four teams' chosen IPEPs were observed across one season and documented on a standardized form. The use of each FIFA 11+ exercise was coded as "performed", "performed modified" or "not performed"...
October 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692109/age-related-injury-patterns-in-spanish-trauma-icu-patients-results-from-the-retrauci
#20
Juan Antonio Llompart-Pou, Mario Chico-Fernández, Marcelino Sánchez-Casado, Fermín Alberdi-Odriozola, Francisco Guerrero-López, María Dolores Mayor-García, Javier González-Robledo, María Ángeles Ballesteros-Sanz, Rubén Herrán-Monge, Rafael León-López, Lucía López-Amor, Ana Bueno-González
BACKGROUND: Injury patterns may differ in trauma patients when age is considered. This information is relevant in the management of trauma patients and for planning preventive measures. METHODS: We included in the study all patients admitted for traumatic disease in the participating ICUs from November 23(rd), 2012 to July 31(st), 2015 with complete records. Data on epidemiology, injury patterns, severity scores, acute management, resources utilisation and outcome were recorded and compared in the following groups of age: ≤55years (young adults), 56-65 years (adults), 66-75 years (elderly), >75years (very elderly)...
September 2016: Injury
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