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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897463/a-qualitative-analysis-of-factors-related-to-eating-disorder-onset-in-female-collegiate-athletes-and-non-athletes
#1
Jessyca Arthur-Cameselle, Kayla Sossin, Paula Quatromoni
Female athletes are at risk for clinical eating disorders, yet their onset experiences have rarely been studied with qualitative methods. This study, which included interviews with 12 collegiate female athletes and 17 non-athletes, identified factors that contributed to eating disorder onset for both subgroups. Inductive content analysis revealed that low self-worth, peer issues, and comorbid psychological disorders were common in both groups. However, athletes reported sport-specific factors including performance pressure, team weigh-ins, and injuries, whereas family dysfunction, bullying, and puberty were more commonly reported triggers for non-athletes...
November 29, 2016: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867415/prior-acute-mental-exertion-in-exercise-and-sport
#2
REVIEW
Fernando Lopes E Silva-Júnior, Patrick Emanuel, Jordan Sousa, Matheus Silva, Silmar Teixeira, Flávio Pires, Sérgio Machado, Oscar Arias-Carrion
INTRODUCTION: Mental exertion is a psychophysiological state caused by sustained and prolonged cognitive activity. The understanding of the possible effects of acute mental exertion on physical performance, and their physiological and psychological responses are of great importance for the performance of different occupations, such as military, construction workers, athletes (professional or recreational) or simply practicing regular exercise, since these occupations often combine physical and mental tasks while performing their activities...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845297/pain-perception-in-athletes-a-brief-review
#3
L Kakiashvili, M Tsagareli, D Mjavanadze, I Kvachadze
Pain is almost synonymous with sport. For many athletes, pain is a normal everyday experience and success is often achieved in spite of pain. However, pain can restrict the ability to concentrate on performance and take away the opportunity to compete. It can even end sporting careers. Therefore, the relationship between pain and sport is filled with challenges for athletes. One consequence and response that sport researchers have focused on is the pain associated with injury. Sport medicine professionals have directed the major part of their research and rehabilitation attention towards the physical recovery, but psychological factors are also very important for injured athletes...
October 2016: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842463/do-cognitive-training-strategies-improve-motor-and-positive-psychological-skills-development-in-soccer-players-insights-from-a-systematic-review
#4
Maamer Slimani, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, David Tod, Alexandre Dellal, Olivier Hue, Foued Cheour, Lee Taylor, Karim Chamari
Soccer players are required to have well-developed physical, technical and cognitive abilities. The present systematic review, adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines, examined the effects of cognitive training strategies on motor and positive psychological skills development in soccer performance and identified the potential moderators of the "cognitive training-soccer performance" relationship. Thirteen databases were systematically searched using keywords related to psychological or cognitive training in soccer players...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833289/premenarchal-labia-minora-hypertrophy
#5
Karoon Agrawal, Pankaj Kumar Patel, Shamendra Anand Sahu
Labia minora hypertrophy is a relatively uncommon surgical entity being popularised in the realm of vulvovaginal plastic surgeries. Apart from the unaesthetic appearance of the hypertrophied minora, these cases are also associated with itching, hygiene problem, pain while sitting down, sports activities, difficulty in wearing tight clothing, bleeding and discomfort while or after sexual intercourse, social embarrassment, insecurity and psychological diminution of confidence and self-esteem. In a country like India, due to sociocultural reasons, patients hesitate to consult a doctor for such deformities...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719269/examining-coaches-perceptions-of-how-their-stress-influences-the-coach-athlete-relationship
#6
Richard C Thelwell, Christopher R D Wagstaff, Michael T Chapman, Göran Kenttä
This study extends recent coach stress research by evaluating how coaches perceive their stress experiences to affect athletes, and the broader coach-athlete relationship. A total of 12 coaches working across a range of team sports at the elite level took part in semi-structured interviews to investigate the 3 study aims: how they perceive athletes to detect signals of coach stress; how they perceive their stress experiences to affect athletes; and, how effective they perceive themselves to be when experiencing stress...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704483/slackline-training-balancing-over-narrow-nylon-ribbons-and-balance-performance-a-meta-analytical-review
#7
Lars Donath, Ralf Roth, Lukas Zahner, Oliver Faude
BACKGROUND: Adequate static and dynamic balance performance is an important prerequisite during daily and sporting life. Various traditional and innovative balance training concepts have been suggested to improve postural control or neuromuscular fall risk profiles over recent years. Whether slackline training (balancing over narrow nylon ribbons) serves as an appropriate training strategy to improve static and dynamic balance performance is as yet unclear. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine the occurrence and magnitude of effects of slackline training compared with an inactive control condition on static and dynamic balance performance parameters in children, adults and seniors...
October 4, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703441/rational-emotive-behavior-therapy-rebt-irrational-and-rational-beliefs-and-the-mental-health-of-athletes
#8
Martin J Turner
In this article Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) is proposed as a potentially important framework for the understanding and promotion of mental health in athletes. Cognitive-behavioral approaches predominate in the provision of sport psychology, and often form the backbone of psychological skills training for performance enhancement and maintenance. But far from being solely performance-focused, the cognitive-behavioral approach to sport psychology can restore, promote, and maintain mental health. This review article presents REBT (Ellis, 1957), the original cognitive behavioral therapy, as a valuable approach to addressing mental health issues in sport...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679586/performing-at-the-top-of-one-s-musical-game
#9
Johannes L Hatfield
The purpose of the present mixed method study was to investigate personal benefits, perceptions, and the effect of a 15-week sport psychological skills training program adapted for musicians. The program was individually tailored for six music performance students with the objective of facilitating the participants' instrumental practice and performance. The participants learnt techniques such as goal setting, attentional focus, arousal regulation, imagery, and acceptance training/self-talk. Zimmerman's (1989) cyclical model of self-regulated learning was applied as a theoretical frame for the intervention...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658665/cognitive-training-how-can-it-be-adapted-for-surgical-education
#10
Lauren Wallace, Nicholas Raison, Faisal Ghumman, Aidan Moran, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
BACKGROUND: There is a need for new approaches to surgical training in order to cope with the increasing time pressures, ethical constraints, and legal limitations being placed on trainees. One of the most interesting of these new approaches is "cognitive training" or the use of psychological processes to enhance performance of skilled behaviour. Its ability to effectively improve motor skills in sport has raised the question as to whether it could also be used to improve surgical performance...
September 19, 2016: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598851/talent-development-of-high-performance-coaches-in-team-sports-in-ireland
#11
Ian Sherwin, Mark J Campbell, Tadhg Eoghan MacIntyre
BACKGROUND: Coaches are central to the development of the expert performer and similarly to continued lifelong participation in sport. Coaches are uniquely positioned to deliver specific technical and tactical instruction and mentoring programmes that support the psychological and social development of athletes in a challenging, goal-oriented and motivational environment. The current study aimed to qualitatively investigate current coach learning sources and coaches' educational backgrounds in team sports in Ireland...
September 6, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588014/optimizing-music-learning-exploring-how-blocked-and-interleaved-practice-schedules-affect-advanced-performance
#12
Christine E Carter, Jessica A Grahn
Repetition is the most commonly used practice strategy by musicians. Although blocks of repetition continue to be suggested in the pedagogical literature, work in the field of cognitive psychology suggests that repeated events receive less processing, thereby reducing the potential for long-term learning. Motor skill learning and sport psychology research offer an alternative. Instead of using a blocked practice schedule, with practice completed on one task before moving on to the next task, an interleaved schedule can be used, in which practice is frequently alternated between tasks...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573090/sports-specialization-and-intensive-training-in-young-athletes
#13
Joel S Brenner
Sports specialization is becoming the norm in youth sports for a variety of reasons. When sports specialization occurs too early, detrimental effects may occur, both physically and psychologically. If the timing is correct and sports specialization is performed under the correct conditions, the athlete may be successful in reaching specific goals. Young athletes who train intensively, whether specialized or not, can also be at risk of adverse effects on the mind and body. The purpose of this clinical report is to assist pediatricians in counseling their young athlete patients and their parents regarding sports specialization and intensive training...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568074/are-mental-toughness-and-mental-health-contradictory-concepts-in-elite-sport-a-narrative-review-of-theory-and-evidence
#14
Daniel F Gucciardi, Sheldon Hanton, Scott Fleming
OBJECTIVE: Athlete development and management encompass a complex interaction of biological, psychological, and social factors. Within elite sport, multidisciplinary sport science and medicine teams play an important role in achieving an optimal balance between preventing athlete ill-health and optimizing health and performance. The psychological aspects of athlete health and performance have gained increased attention over the past two decades, with much of this research concerned with the mental health of athletes and the concept of mental toughness...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566422/parents-perception-of-quality-of-life-in-their-sons-with-haemophilia
#15
Vaughan K Williams, Georgia Antoniou, Anne Jackson, Andrew Atkins
AIM: Quality of life (QOL) in haemophilia involves both physical and psychological issues. This study was performed to determine parents' perceptions of the QOL of their sons with haemophilia and compare this to their children's own assessment. METHODS: In this study, we used the Haemo-QoL questionnaire for haemophilia, to compare the responses of 22 parents to the responses of their children within the age groups 4-7, 8-12 and 13-16 and also for the severity groups mild versus moderate-severe...
August 27, 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555210/interventional-and-multimodal-pain-rehabilitation-in-a-child-with-meralgia-paresthetica
#16
Andrew D Franklin, G Bennett Cierny, Twila R Luckett
Meralgia paresthetica is a chronic pain syndrome that is extremely rare in the pediatric population. It is manifested by hypesthesia or pain in the distribution of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LFCN) and is typically caused by entrapment as the nerve passes deep to the inguinal ligament. This sensory mononeuropathy is rare in children and diagnosis is typically delayed, often leading to prolonged functional impairment and unnecessary medical testing. A 9-year-old girl presented to the pain clinic with a 6-week history of right anterolateral thigh pain first noticed after a nontraumatic cheerleading practice...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551843/functional-and-psychological-impact-of-nasal-bone-fractures-sustained-during-sports-activities-a-survey-of-87-patients
#17
Paul Lennon, Sam Jaber, John E Fenton
Nasal bone fractures that require reduction are a common sequela of sports injuries. We conducted a survey to ascertain the outcomes of patients who had experienced a nasal bone fracture and who subsequently underwent manipulation under anesthesia. We reviewed data on 217 nasal bone fractures that had been seen at our institution over a 3-year period. Of these, 133 (61.3%) had occurred as a result of a sports activity. Thirty of the 133 patients (22.6%) had been managed conservatively, while the other 103 (77...
August 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540370/environmental-influences-on-elite-sport-athletes-well-being-from-gold-silver-and-bronze-to-blue-green-and-gold
#18
Aoife A Donnelly, Tadhg E MacIntyre, Nollaig O'Sullivan, Giles Warrington, Andrew J Harrison, Eric R Igou, Marc Jones, Chris Gidlow, Noel Brick, Ian Lahart, Ross Cloak, Andrew M Lane
This paper considers the environmental impact on well-being and performance in elite athletes during Olympic competition. The benefits of exercising in natural environments are recognized, but less is known about the effects on performance and health in elite athletes. Although some Olympic events take place in natural environments, the majority occur in the host city, usually a large densely populated area where low exposure to natural environments is compounded by exposure to high levels of air, water, and noise pollution in the ambient environment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539507/evidence-based-clinical-practice-update-practice-guidelines-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rehabilitation-based-on-a-systematic-review-and-multidisciplinary-consensus
#19
Nicky van Melick, Robert E H van Cingel, Frans Brooijmans, Camille Neeter, Tony van Tienen, Wim Hullegie, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
AIM: The Royal Dutch Society for Physical Therapy (KNGF) instructed a multidisciplinary group of Dutch anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) experts to develop an evidence statement for rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction. DESIGN: Clinical practice guideline underpinned by systematic review and expert consensus. DATA SOURCES: A multidisciplinary working group and steering group systematically reviewed the literature and wrote the guideline...
December 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530413/return-to-sport-after-primary-and-revision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-prospective-comparative-study-of-552-patients-from-the-fast-cohort
#20
Nicolas Lefevre, Shahnaz Klouche, Guillaume Mirouse, Serge Herman, Antoine Gerometta, Yoann Bohu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported the return-to-sport rate at 1-year follow-up after primary and revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. PURPOSE: To compare the return-to-sport rate 1 year after primary and revision ACL reconstruction in the same cohort according to 2 modalities: any kind of sport and the patient's usual sport at the same level as before the injury. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: A single-center, prospective cohort study of patients undergoing ACL reconstruction (French prospective Acl STudy [FAST]) was begun in 2012...
August 16, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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