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Sports Psychology, performance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345524/recovery-and-performance-in-sport-consensus-statement
#1
Michael Kellmann, Maurizio Bertollo, Laurent Bosquet, Michel Brink, Aaron Coutts, Rob Duffield, Daniel Erlacher, Shona Halson, Anne Hecksteden, Jahan Heidari, Romain Meeusen, Iñigo Mujika, Claudio Robazza, Sabrina Skorski, Ranel Venter, Jürgen Beckmann
The relationship between recovery and fatigue and its impact on performance has attracted the interest of sports science for many years. An adequate balance between stress (training and competition load, other life demands) and recovery is essential for athletes to achieve continuous high-level performance. Research has focused on the examination of physiological and psychological recovery strategies to compensate external and internal training and competition loads. A systematic monitoring of recovery and the subsequent implementation of recovery routines aims at maximizing performance and preventing negative developments such as underrecovery, non-functional overreaching, the overtraining syndrome, injuries, or illnesses...
January 18, 2018: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299978/psychological-support-for-sport-coaches-an-exploration-of-practitioner-psychologist-perspectives
#2
Sarah Kelly, Richard Thelwell, Jamie B Barker, Chris G Harwood
In the present study we add to the literature by exploring the degree to which UK practitioner psychologists perceive themselves able to support sport coaches, and how professional training prepares psychologists for coach work across performance domains. Ten participants comprising seven sport and exercise psychologists with Health Care Professions Council (HCPC) practitioner psychologist status and three trainee psychologists studying towards the British Psychological Society (BPS) qualification in sport and exercise psychology (QSEP) were individually interviewed...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299878/talent-identification-and-development-in-male-football-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Hugo Sarmento, M Teresa Anguera, Antonino Pereira, Duarte Araújo
BACKGROUND: Expertise has been extensively studied in several sports over recent years. The specificities of how excellence is achieved in Association Football, a sport practiced worldwide, are being repeatedly investigated by many researchers through a variety of approaches and scientific disciplines. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify and synthesise the most significant literature addressing talent identification and development in football. We identified the most frequently researched topics and characterised their methodologies...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239985/training-load-physical-performance-biochemical-markers-and-psychological-stress-during-a-short-preparatory-period-in-brazilian-elite-male-volleyball-players
#4
Thiago A G Horta, Maurício G Bara Filho, Danilo R Coimbra, R Miranda, Francisco Z Werneck
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between training load (TL) and physical performance, biochemical markers, and psychological stress during a short preparatory period (PP) in Brazilian elite male volleyball players. Twelve volleyball players from a team competing in the Brazilian Men's Volleyball Super League were enrolled (26.9 ± 4.6 years). Countermovement Jump (CMJ), Creatine Kinase (CK), Testosterone (T), Cortisol (Cr), T/Cr ratio, and Recovery and Stress Questionnaire for Athletes (RESTQ-Sport) were collected at baseline, after 2, 4, and 6 week...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204131/-leave-your-ego-at-the-door-a-narrative-investigation-into-effective-wingsuit-flying
#5
Cedric Arijs, Stiliani Chroni, Eric Brymer, David Carless
In recent years there has been a rapid growth in interest in extreme sports. For the most part research has focused on understanding motivations for participation in extreme sports and very little research has attempted to investigate the psychological structure of effective performance. Those few studies that have attempted to explore this issue have tested models designed for traditional sport on adventure sports. However, extreme sports are not the same as adventure sports or traditional sports. This study employed a narrative approach to investigate experiences of effective performance in the extreme sport of proximity wingsuit flying...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199550/facilitating-dual-careers-by-improving-resistance-to-chronic-stress-effects-of-an-intervention-programme-for-elite-student-athletes
#6
Jeffrey Sallen, Karen Hemming, Alfred Richartz
The starting point of this contribution is the potential risk to health and performance from the combination of elite sporting careers with the pursuit of education. In European sport science and politics, structural measures to promote dual careers in elite sports have been discussed increasingly of late. In addition to organisational measures, there are calls for educational-psychological intervention programmes supporting the successful management of dual careers at the individual level. This paper presents an appropriate intervention programme and its evaluation: stress-resistance training for elite athletes (SRT-EA)...
December 3, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176003/predicting-how-health-behaviours-contribute-to-the-development-of-diseases-within-a-military-population-in-the-hungarian-defence-forces
#7
Attila Novák, B Hornyák, Zs Rázsó, Sz Szalánczi, Zs Juhász, A Sótér, Cs Nyakas
INTRODUCTION: Recent legislative amendments in Hungary have resulted in the possibility for early retirement being abolished in the Hungarian Defence Forces. The retirement age for professional soldiers has also increased to 65 years, thereby greatly increasing the average length of military service. This necessitates greater attention to the health and care of service personnel due to the increase of chronic non-communicable diseases with age. The aim of this research was to identify how health behaviours might potentially contribute to diseases in the Hungarian Defence Forces...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171961/social-impact-of-menstrual-problems-among-adolescent-school-girls-in-rural-tamil-nadu
#8
Rama Ravi, Pankaj B Shah, Shanthi Edward, Palani Gopal, B W C Sathiyasekaran
Background Adolescence is a period of physiological, psychological and social transition between childhood and adulthood and is characterized by the onset of menstruation in girls. A adolescent girls are naïve about menstruation and they take time to adapt to these changes both socially and psychologically. This study was carried out to assess the psychosocial impact of menstrual problems among schoolgoing adolescent girls. Methods This study is a cross-sectional study carried out in 350 schoolgoing adolescent girls in the year 2012 in the Thiruvallur district of Tamil Nadu...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138604/sport-related-anxiety-current-insights
#9
REVIEW
Jessica L Ford, Kenneth Ildefonso, Megan L Jones, Monna Arvinen-Barrow
To date, much research has been devoted to understanding how anxiety can affect sport performance, both in practice and in competitive settings. It is well known that sport has the potential for high levels of stress and anxiety, and that practicing and employing a range of psychological strategies can be beneficial in anxiety management. Equally, growing evidence also suggests that anxiety can play a role in sport injury prevention, occurrence, rehabilitation, and the return to sport process. The purpose of this paper is to provide current insights into sport-related anxiety...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134048/the-cognitive-and-motivation-intervention-program-in-youth-female-volleyball-players
#10
Fernando Claver, Ruth Jiménez, Alexander Gil-Arias, Alberto Moreno, M Perla Moreno
This study, grounded in Self-Determination Theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985, 2002) was aimed to determine the influence of a cognitive-motivational intervention program, to improve the basic psychological need satisfaction of autonomy and competence, autonomous motivation, procedural knowledge, perceived performance and sport commitment, in youth volleyball players. Participants included 34 Under-19 female volleyball players. A quasi-experimental design was carried out with an experimental group (n = 16; M = 17...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131826/an-interactive-sports-video-game-as-an-intervention-for-rehabilitation-of-community-living-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-controlled-single-blind-crossover-study
#11
Nobuko Shimizu, Tomohiro Umemura, Masahiro Matsunaga, Takayoshi Hirai
Hypofrontality is a state of decreased cerebral blood flow in the prefrontal cortex during executive function performance; it is commonly observed in patients with schizophrenia. Cognitive dysfunction, as well as the psychological symptoms of schizophrenia, influences the ability of patients to reintegrate into society. The current study investigated the effects of an interactive sports video game (IVG; Nintendo Wii™ Sports Resort) on frontal lobe function of patients with schizophrenia. A sample of eight patients (6 male and 2 female; mean age = 46...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124507/pre-performance-physiological-state-heart-rate-variability-as-a-predictor-of-shooting-performance
#12
E Ortega, C J K Wang
Heart rate variability (HRV) is commonly used in sport science for monitoring the physiology of athletes but not as an indicator of physiological state from a psychological perspective. Since HRV is established to be an indicator of emotional responding, it could be an objective means of quantifying an athlete's subjective physiological state before competition. A total of 61 sport shooters participated in this study, of which 21 were novice shooters, 19 were intermediate shooters, and 21 were advanced level shooters...
November 10, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072028/differences-in-salivary-hormones-and-perception-of-exertion-in-elite-women-and-men-volleyball-players-during-tournament
#13
Luis E Peñailillo, Felipe A Escanilla, Esteban R Jury, Mauricio A Castro-Sepulveda, Louise Deldicque, Hermann P Zbinden-Foncea
Sports tournaments induce both psychological and physiological stress, which seems to be different between men and women. Competition induces anticipatory rises in testosterone and cortisol levels, which may affect performance and physical exertion during tournaments. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the changes in salivary cortisol and testosterone concentrations between men and women during an official volleyball tournament and to test potential correlations between changes in these hormones and perceived exertion after match...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031507/-sport-coaching-for-psychological-and-social-recovery-after-hematological-cancer-an-innovative-perspective
#14
Sarah Calvin, Didier Blaise, Patrick Ben Soussan, Sarah Cuvelier, Nicolas Cicut, Laurence Caymaris, Yolande Arnault, Claude Onesta, Pierre Dantin, Patrice Viens
This study is a first step towards the transfer of knowledge and practices between psychological support and performance in elite sport and a patient's "social recovery" in oncology. This proposal brings together people engaged in a variety of healthcare and relationship support roles, and aims to set up a support system beyond the hospital context. It questions the ability of elite sport management and its main actors, the "Great Coaches", to contribute to the support of patients in cancer remission through an onco-coaching approach...
October 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031471/gunslingers-poker-players-and-chickens-3-decision-making-under-mental-performance-pressure-in-junior-elite-athletes
#15
Beth L Parkin, Vincent Walsh
BACKGROUND: Having investigated the decision making of world class elite and subelite athletes (see Parkin and Walsh, 2017; Parkin et al., 2017), here the abilities of those at the earliest stage of entry to elite sport are examined. Junior elite athletes have undergone initial national selection and are younger than athletes examined previously (mean age 13 years). Decision making under mental pressure is explored in this sample. During performance an athlete encounters a wide array of mental pressures; these include the psychological impact of errors, negative feedback, and requirements for sustained attention in a dynamic environment (Anshel and Wells, 2000; Mellalieu et al...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031469/gunslingers-poker-players-and-chickens-2-decision-making-under-physical-performance-pressure-in-subelite-athletes
#16
Beth L Parkin, Vincent Walsh
BACKGROUND: Having investigated the influence of acute physical exhaustion on decision-making in world-class elite athletes in Parkin et al. (2017), here a similar method is applied to subelite athletes. These subelite athletes were enrolled on a Team GB talent development program and were undergoing training for possible Olympic competition in 4-8 years. They differ from elite athletes examined previously according to expertise and age. While considered elite (Swann et al., 2015), the subelite athletes had approximately 8 years fewer sporting experience and were yet to obtain sustained success on the international stage...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031468/gunslingers-poker-players-and-chickens-1-decision-making-under-physical-performance-pressure-in-elite-athletes
#17
Beth L Parkin, Katie Warriner, Vincent Walsh
BACKGROUND: The cognitive skills required during sport are highly demanding; accurate decisions based on the processing of dynamic environments are made in a fraction of a second (Walsh, 2014). Optimal decision-making abilities are crucial for success in sporting competition (Bar-Eli et al., 2011; Kaya, 2014). Moreover, for the elite athlete, decision making is required under conditions of intense mental and physical pressure (Anshel and Wells, 2000), yet much of the work in this area has largely ignored the highly stressful context in which athletes operate...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031460/can-athletes-benefit-from-difficulty-a-systematic-review-of-growth-following-adversity-in-competitive-sport
#18
Karen Howells, Mustafa Sarkar, David Fletcher
Research points to the notion that athletes have the potential to benefit from difficulty. This phenomenon-otherwise known as growth following adversity-has attracted increasing attention from sport psychology scholars. In this paper, we systematically review and synthesize the findings of studies in this area to better understand: (a) how growth has been conceptualized in competitive sport, (b) the theory underpinning the study of growth in sport performers, (c) the nature of research conducted in this area, and (d) the adversity- and growth-related experiences of competitive athletes...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983802/low-energy-availability-in-athletes-a-review-of-prevalence-dietary-patterns-physiological-health-and-sports-performance
#19
REVIEW
Danielle Logue, Sharon M Madigan, Eamonn Delahunt, Mirjam Heinen, Sarah-Jane Mc Donnell, Clare A Corish
In a high-performance sports environment, athletes can present with low energy availability (LEA) for a variety of reasons, ranging from not consuming enough food for their specific energy requirements to disordered eating behaviors. Both male and female high-performance athletes are at risk of LEA. Longstanding LEA can cause unfavorable physiological and psychological outcomes which have the potential to impair an athlete's health and sports performance. This narrative review summarizes the prevalence of LEA and its associations with athlete health and sports performance...
October 5, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969163/association-between-style-of-living-and-general-health-in-suburban-women-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-east-of-iran
#20
Samira Khayat, Mahrokh Dolatian, Ali Navidian, Amir Kasaeian, Zohreh Mahmoodi
INTRODUCTION: In developing countries, suburban population is increasing. However, their health issues are rarely considered in studies. Socioeconomic and environmental factors in their neighbourhood can affect their lifestyle and health. Compared to men, women have fewer social resources and are more susceptible to an unfavourable environment, in general. AIM: To investigate the association between lifestyle and general health status in suburban women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This correlation, cross-sectional study assessed the lifestyle and general health, among suburban women living in Shirabad neighbourhood, Zahedan, Iran...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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