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Sports Psychology, performance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382758/coaching-is-teamwork-the-role-of-need-supportive-coaching-and-the-motivational-climate-in-stimulating-proactivity-in-volleyball-teams
#1
Stef Van Puyenbroeck, Jeroen Stouten, Gert Vande Broek
Team sports settings are challenging, dynamic environments in which coaches often benefit from proactive players who take initiative in providing valuable suggestions and feedback. Based on self-determination theory and achievement goal theory, the present study examined the mediating role of a mastery and performance motivational climate in the positive relation between coaches' psychological need-supportive behavior and team athletes' proactivity. The study sample consisted of 75 male and 105 female volleyball players (Mage = 21...
April 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374732/-the-comprehensive-approach-to-the-rehabilitative-treatment-of-junior-athletes
#2
N P Stepanenko, T E Levitskaya, E A Tsekhmeistruk, N A Tren'kaeva, S V Tyulyupo, O V Dostovalova, S V Kremeno, S S Shakhova, V D Chekcheeva
AIM: The objective of the present study was the development of the comprehensive program for the medico-psychological follow-up of the male and female junior athletes (rhythmic gymnastics) with the purpose of stabilizing their hormonal and emotional status, as well as improving sport performances based on the use of modern hardware-software technologies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The comprehensive examination of 72 female athletes at the mean age of 11.5±0.6 years attending R...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360143/return-to-play-after-hamstring-injuries-in-football-soccer-a-worldwide-delphi-procedure-regarding-definition-medical-criteria-and-decision-making
#3
Nick van der Horst, Fjg Backx, Edwin A Goedhart, Bionka Ma Huisstede
There are three major questions about return to play (RTP) after hamstring injuries: How should RTP be defined? Which medical criteria should support the RTP decision? And who should make the RTP decision? The study aimed to provide a clear RTP definition and medical criteria for RTP and to clarify RTP consultation and responsibilities after hamstring injury. The study used the Delphi procedure. The results of a systematic review were used as a starting point for the Delphi procedure. Fifty-eight experts in the field of hamstring injury management selected by 28 FIFA Medical Centres of Excellence worldwide participated...
March 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351351/the-influence-of-participation-in-target-shooting-sport-for-children-with-inattentive-hyperactive-and-impulsive-symptoms-a-controlled-study-of-best-practice
#4
Annegrete Gohr Månsson, Mette Elmose, Søren Dalsgaard, Kirsten K Roessler
BACKGROUND: Practising target-shooting sport requires focused attention and motoric steadiness. A previous non-controlled pilot study suggests that children with impairing symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) benefit from participating in target-shooting sport in local shooting associations, as rated by parents and teachers. This study aims at examining if, and to which extent, target-shooting sport reduces parent- and teacher-reported severity of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity in children with attention difficulties, and if, and to which extend, target-shooting sport improves the children's wellbeing and quality of life...
March 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337944/the-influence-of-gate-start-position-on-physical-performance-and-anxiety-perception-in-expert-bmx-athletes
#5
Franck Di Rienzo, Guillaume Martinent, Lucie Levêque, Tadhg MacIntyre, Christian Collet, Aymeric Guillot
The critical importance of the start phase in bicycle motocross (BMX) racing is increasingly acknowledged. Past experiments underlined that the internal lane of the starting gate provides a strong positional advantage. However, how lane position affects start performance and cognitive and somatic state anxiety remains unexplored. We examined the start performance and anxiety responses of youth national-level BMX riders in both experimental and ecological contexts. We used contextualization motor imagery routines to evaluate start performance and state anxiety from the internal and external lanes...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332171/sport-and-male-sexuality
#6
REVIEW
P Sgrò, L Di Luigi
The relationships between sport and sexuality in males are of great social and clinical interest, because of sports and motor activities that highly promote social and sexual relationships. Even if few literature exist, two main questions should be taken into account: whether and how physical exercise and sport positively or negatively influence sexual health and behavior and/or whether and how sexual behavior may affect a sub-sequent sport performance. Physical exercise and sport per se can influence, positively or negatively, the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis function and, consequently, the individual's reproductive and/or sexual health...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293203/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-mpam-r-to-brazilian-portuguese-and-proposal-of-a-new-method-to-calculate-factor-scores
#7
Maicon R Albuquerque, Mariana C Lopes, Jonas J de Paula, Larissa O Faria, Eveline T Pereira, Varley T da Costa
In order to understand the reasons that lead individuals to practice physical activity, researchers developed the Motives for Physical Activity Measure-Revised (MPAM-R) scale. In 2010, a translation of MPAM-R to Portuguese and its validation was performed. However, psychometric measures were not acceptable. In addition, factor scores in some sports psychology scales are calculated by the mean of scores by items of the factor. Nevertheless, it seems appropriate that items with higher factor loadings, extracted by Factor Analysis, have greater weight in the factor score, as items with lower factor loadings have less weight in the factor score...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290934/health-related-coping-behaviors-and-mental-health-in-military-personnel
#8
Jessica Kelley Morgan, Laurel Hourani, Stephen Tueller
BACKGROUND: Our previous research has highlighted the important link between coping behaviors and mental health symptoms in military personnel. This study seeks to extend these findings by examining each coping behavior and mental health issue individually. This study has four specific aims: (1) test cross-sectional relationships between coping and mental health at baseline and follow-up, (2) examine stability of each variable over time, (3) determine the predictive nature of baseline mental health and coping on subsequent mental health and coping, (4) assess the magnitude of each effect to evaluate the differential predictive value of coping behaviors and mental health symptoms...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271917/what-can-medical-educators-learn-from-the-rio-2016-olympic-games
#9
Helen Church, Deborah Murdoch-Eaton, Rakesh Patel, John Sandars
Medical Educators face an ongoing challenge in optimizing preparedness for practice for newly qualified doctors. Junior doctors have highlighted specific areas in which they do not feel adequately equipped to undertake their duties, including managing the acutely unwell patient. In these highly stressful, time-critical scenarios it might be assumed that a lack of knowledge underpins these feelings of apprehension from junior medics; however, having studied, trained and passed examinations to demonstrate such knowledge, perhaps other factors should be considered...
February 28, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225325/application-of-mental-skills-training-in-surgery-a-review-of-its-effectiveness-and-proposed-next-steps
#10
Nicholas E Anton, Eric A Bean, Samuel C Hammonds, Dimitrios Stefanidis
INTRODUCTION: Mental skills training, which refers to the teaching of performance enhancement and stress management psychological strategies, may benefit surgeons. Our objective was to review the application of mental skills training in surgery and contrast it to other domains, examine the effectiveness of this approach in enhancing surgical performance and reducing stress, and provide future directions for mental skills training in surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search of MEDLINE, PubMed, PsycINFO, and ClinicalKey was performed between 1996 and 2016...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219598/physical-activity-among-organ-recipients-data-collected-from-the-latin-american-transplant-games
#11
A N Atamañuk, J P Ortiz Fragola, M Casonu, C Lirio, V Graziano, F Cicora
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular complications after transplantation are an important cause of non-transplant-related deaths. Depression and anxiety are not unusual among organ recipients. Physical activity reduces cardiovascular risk and promotes a sensation of well-being. The aims of the study were to examine how exercise affects psychological well-being sensation in organ recipients and to describe the physician's role in promoting and controlling safe sport training in transplanted patients...
March 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192828/mr-spectroscopy-findings-in-retired-professional-rugby-league-players
#12
Andrew J Gardner, Grant L Iverson, Magdalena Wojtowicz, Christopher R Levi, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Peter W Schofield, Ross Zafonte, Sandy R Shultz, Alexander P Lin, Peter Stanwell
The aim of this study was to examine brain neurometabolite concentrations in retired rugby league players who had a history of numerous self-reported concussions. Participants were 16 retired professional rugby league players (ages 30-45 years) with an extensive history of concussion and participation in contact sports, and 16 age- and education-matched controls who had no history of neurotrauma or participation in contact sports. All completed a clinical interview, psychological and cognitive testing, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) investigation...
March 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149361/case-study-of-mental-skills-training-for-a-taekwondo-olympian
#13
TaeHee Lim, David Michael O'Sullivan
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of systematic mental skills training (MST) for a taekwondo gold medallist. Based on MST of other sports, this programme was designed for a single subject who competed in the Olympics. The Korean test of performance strategies, Sport Attributional Style in Korean Athletes, and a few sessions of interviews were applied to investigate the effect of MST. The pre and post-test mean scores of both the Korean test of performance strategies and Sport Attributional Style in Korean Athletes were compared...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147384/-congenital-heart-diseases-and-sports
#14
Friederike Wippermann, Renate Oberhoffer, Alfred Hager
Daily activity is essential for children's development. Especially children with congenital heart disease do not burden adequate, even physical activity is beneficial for them. They should get used to activity and individual athletic performance. Once risks are defined or excluded in a cardiological examination, a detailed sports medical examination is recommended to give advice on individual intensity for leisure and school sports activities. By participation in sporting activities with their peers, they will benefit both physically as well as psychologically...
January 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144978/effect-of-team-sports-and-resistance-training-on-physical-function-%C3%A2-quality-of-life-and-motivation-in-older-adults
#15
M T Pedersen, J Vorup, A Nistrup, J M Wikman, J M Alstrøm, P S Melcher, G U Pfister, J Bangsbo
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of team sports and resistance training on physical function, psychological health, quality of life, and motivation in older untrained adults. Twenty-five untrained men and forty-seven untrained women aged 80 (range: 67-93) years were recruited. Fifty-one were assigned to a training group (TRG) of which twenty-five performed team training (TG) and twenty-six resistance training (RG). The remaining twenty-one were allocated to a control group (CG). TRG trained for 1 hour twice a week for 12 weeks...
February 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144408/health-psychological-constructs-as-predictors-of-doping-susceptibility-in-adolescent-athletes
#16
Cornelia Blank, Wolfgang Schobersberger, Veronika Leichtfried, Stefan Duschek
BACKGROUND: Doping is a highly relevant problem in sport, even in adolescent athletes. Knowledge of the psychological factors that influence doping susceptibility in young elite athletes remains sparse. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the predictive potential of different health-psychological constructs and well-being on doping susceptibility. The main hypotheses to be tested were positive associations of fear of failure, external locus of control, and ego-oriented goal orientation as well as negative associations of confidence of success, task orientation, internal locus of control, and performance motivation with doping susceptibility...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100160/determining-the-potential-benefits-of-yoga-in-chronic-stroke-care-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Tharshanah Thayabaranathan, Nadine E Andrew, Maarten A Immink, Susan Hillier, Philip Stevens, Rene Stolwyk, Monique Kilkenny, Dominique A Cadilhac
BACKGROUND: Survivors of stroke have long-term physical and psychological consequences that impact their quality of life. Few interventions are available in the community to address these problems. Yoga, a type of mindfulness-based intervention, is shown to be effective in people with other chronic illnesses and may have the potential to address many of the problems reported by survivors of stroke. OBJECTIVES: To date only narrative reviews have been published. We sought to perform, the first systematic review with meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated yoga for its potential benefit for chronic survivors of stroke...
January 19, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049596/hip-preservation-surgery-expectations-survey-a-new-method-to-measure-patients-preoperative-expectations
#18
Carol A Mancuso, Catherine H Wentzel, Hassan M K Ghomrawi, Bryan T Kelly
PURPOSE: To develop a patient-derived expectations survey for hip preservation surgery. METHODS: Patients were eligible if they were undergoing primary hip surgery and were recruited in person or by telephone. The survey was developed in 3 phases. During phase 1, 64 patients were interviewed preoperatively and asked open-ended questions about their expectations of surgery; a draft survey was assembled by categorizing responses. During phase 2, the survey was administered twice to another group of 50 patients preoperatively to assess test-retest reliability and concordance was measured with weighted kappa values and intraclass correlations...
December 31, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981877/performing-under-pressure-exploring-the-psychological-state-underlying-clutch-performance-in-sport
#19
Christian Swann, Lee Crust, Patricia Jackman, Stewart A Vella, Mark S Allen, Richard Keegan
Clutch performance is improved performance under pressure. However, little research has examined the psychological state experienced by athletes in these situations. Therefore, this study qualitatively examined the subjective experience underlying clutch performance across a range of sports (e.g., team, individual) and standards (Olympic to recreational athletes). Sixteen athletes (Mage = 27.08 years; SD = 6.48) took part in in-depth, semi-structured interviews primarily after an exceptional performance (M = 4...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941488/no-differences-between-alter-g-trainer-and-active-and-passive-recovery-strategies-on-isokinetic-strength-systemic-oxidative-stress-and-perceived-muscle-soreness-after-exercise-induced-muscle-damage
#20
Matthew B Cooke, Carrie Nix, Lori Greenwood, Mike Greenwood
The incidence of muscle injuries is prevalent in elite sport athletes as well as weekend warriors and strategies that safely and effectively hasten recovery are highly desirable. The purpose of this study was to examine the differences between three recovery methods after eliciting muscle damage in recreationally active men relative to maximal isokinetic contractions, perceived muscle soreness and psychological mood states. Twenty-five recreationally active men (22.15±3.53yrs, 75.75±11.91kg, 180.52±7.3cm) were randomly matched by VO2 peak (53...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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