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Aesthetics dermatology

Glynis Ablon
Within the field of dermatology, advances in the use of light emitting diodes (LEDs) have led to their clinical application for a variety of medical and cosmetic uses. Of note, one phototherapy device has demonstrated beneficial effects over a range of clinical applications (Omnilux™; GlobalMed Technologies, Glen Ellen, California). The study included a literature review of published studies. Using LEDs with frequencies of 415nm (blue), 633nm (red), and 830nm (infrared), this device has demonstrated significant results for the treatment of medical conditions, including mild-to-moderate acne vulgaris, wound healing, psoriasis, squamous cell carcinoma in situ (Bowen's disease), basal cell carcinoma, actinic keratosis, and cosmetic applications...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Sucharita Boddu, Peter W Hashim, John K Nia, Rebecca Horowitz, Aaron Farberg, Gary Goldenberg
Stem cell therapies are at the forefront of regenerative aesthetic medicine. Multipotent stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), progenitor cells that result from the dedifferentiation of specialized adult cells, have demonstrated promise in tissue regeneration for a wide range of dermatologic conditions and aesthetic applications. Herein, we review the potential of stem cells as a new frontier in aesthetic dermatology.
January 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Sonia Nath, Jayant Prakash, Narendra Nath Singh, Virendra Kumar Prajapati
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant, multisystem genetic disorder. It is characterised by formation of benign hamartomas, neurofibromas, and angiofibromas located in different organs. We describe a case of a 13-year boy who complained of gingival enlargement. Clinical examination showed distinctive dermatological signs like hypopigmented macules, shagreen plaques, miliary fibromas, fibrous plaques and multiple angiofibromas. Oral manifestation included localised gingival enlargement. Gingivectomy was performed and the excised tissue was submitted for histopathological examination...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Kenichiro Kasai
Background and aims: The selective removal of tattoos and benign cutaneous pigmented lesions with laser energy evolved rapidly with the development of the nanosecond-domain Q-switched laser (ns-laser). Recently, however, a series of picosecond-domain lasers (ps-lasers) with pulsewidths less than 1 ns has become commercially available, enabling more efficient and faster removal of pigmented lesions in the field of dermatologic laser surgery. Rationale behind the ps-laser: The efficacy of the ns-laser depended on the theory of selective photothermolysis, whereby an extremely short pulse width was delivered less than the thermal relaxation time (TRT) of a target...
December 31, 2017: Laser Therapy
Maciej Nowacki, Tomasz Kloskowski, Katarzyna Pietkun, Maciej Zegarski, Marta Pokrywczyńska, Samy L Habib, Tomasz Drewa, Barbara Zegarska
The aim of this paper was to collect currently available data related to the use of stem cells in aesthetic dermatology and plastic surgery based on a systemic review of experimental and clinical applications. We found that the use of stem cells is very promising but the current state of art is still not effective. This situation is connected with not fully known mechanisms of cell interactions, possible risks and side effects. We think that there is a big need to create and conduct different studies which could resolve problems of stem cells use for implementation into aesthetic dermatology and plastic surgery...
December 2017: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
Ramya Kollipara, Bridget Walker, Ashley Sturgeon
Objective: Most literature regarding lip augmentation refers to Caucasian anthropometric measurements, but ethnic differences affect facial dimensions and the evaluation of beauty. Specifically with regard to Asians and Hispanics, dermatology does not have much literature on the subject. This review investigates the differences in lip measurements and preferences of Asians and Hispanics compared with those of Caucasians. Design: A literature search of other fields, including plastic surgery, maxillofacial surgery, orthodontics, and forensic anthropology, was conducted, and relevant articles were selected that applied to the discussion of lip measurements and preferences in Asians and Hispanics...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Liliana Ferreira, Rui Vitorino, Maria João Neuparth, David Rodrigues, Adelina Gama, Ana I Faustino-Rocha, Rita Ferreira, Paula A Oliveira
BACKGROUND/AIM: Intense pulsed light (IPL) has been extensively applied in the field of dermatology and aesthetics; however, the long-term consequences of its use are poorly unknown, and to the best of our knowledge there is no study on the effect of IPL in neoplastic lesions. In order to better understand the molecular mechanisms underlying IPL application in the skin, we used an animal model of carcinogenesis obtained by chemical induction with 12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
Meng-Chien Hsieh, Yi-Chia Wu, Shu-Hung Huang, Yur-Ren Kuo, Su-Shin Lee
Nd:YAG laser has been used extensively for its versatility in treating many common aesthetic problems, but numerous adverse effects are often complained by recipients of Nd:YAG laser. This study introduces the ANT1 soybean extract cream, which was formulated to alleviate adverse effects after laser therapy. This study explores whether ANT1 enhances the repair mechanism of the postlaser skin, decreases laser-induced complication, and shortens recovery time. The study also aims to pinpoint the ANT1 concentration that is most effective in improving the skin condition after Nd-YAG laser therapy...
January 25, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Khimara Naidoo, Rebecca Hanna, Mark A Birch-Machin
Skin ageing is a complex process involving both internal and external factors, which leads to a progressive loss of cutaneous function and structure. Solar radiation is the primary environmental factor implicated in the development of skin ageing, and the term photoaging describes the distinct clinical, histological and structural features of chronically sun-exposed skin. The changes that accompany photoaging are undesirable for aesthetic reasons and can compromise the skin and make it more susceptible to a number of dermatological disorders...
February 2018: Experimental Dermatology
Peter W Hashim, John K Nia, Mark Taliercio, Gary Goldenberg
Facial aesthetic procedures are central to cosmetic dermatology. Success depends not only on improving individual structures but also on establishing facial harmony. Several canons of aesthetic dimensions have been described, and these concepts can provide a useful basis for procedural planning. Here, we review aesthetic facial measurements and proportions as well as the variations that may occur in different ethnic groups and the changes that develop with age.
October 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
Anthony M Rossi, Joseph Eviatar, Jeremy B Green, Robert Anolik, Michael Eidelman, Terrence C Keaney, Vic Narurkar, Derek Jones, Julia Kolodziejczyk, Adrienne Drinkwater, Conor J Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Men are a growing patient population in aesthetic medicine and are increasingly seeking minimally invasive cosmetic procedures. OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in the timing of facial aging and in the prevalence of preventive facial aging behaviors in men by race/ethnicity. METHODS: Men aged 18 to 75 years in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, and Australia rated their features using photonumeric rating scales for 10 facial aging characteristics...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Yates Y Y Chao, Chiranjiv Chhabra, Niamh Corduff, Sabrina Guillen Fabi, Martina Kerscher, Stephanie C K Lam, Tatjana Pavicic, Berthold Rzany, Peter H L Peng, Atchima Suwanchinda, Fang-Wen Tseng, Kyle K Seo
BACKGROUND. The demand for minimally invasive aesthetic procedures has driven requests by physicians for guidance on their use in Asian patients, who have unique cultural preferences, social trends, and anatomy. However, few guidelines exist, particularly on combination treatment strategies for different facial shapes or indications such as the modification of face shapes to the "oval ideal."Physicians must, therefore, apply Caucasian patient-optimized guidelines to their Asian patients. METHODS. Eleven specialists developed a consensus on the use of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A), calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) and hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers, and microfocused ultrasound with visualization (MFU-V) devices in Asian patients on upper-, middle-, and lower-face indications, including strategies to modify different facial shapes to the oval shape...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Israel Barco, MCarmen Vidal, Manel Fraile, Emili Masferrer, Leo Barco, Didac Barco, Cinthya J Baez, Nuria Giménez, Antoni Pessarrodona, Antonio García-Fernández
BACKGROUND: Erosive adenoma of the nipple (EAN) is a benign condition that involves major ducts of the nipple. Its clinical presentation may resemble other disorders. Complete removal of the nipple is often suggested because of frequent relapse. However, adverse cosmetic and functional results have prompted clinicians to look for other more conservative options. AIMS: To present a case of EAN successfully treated using Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) and summarize differential diagnosis and treatment...
December 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
Pramod Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Fusion of eyebrows above the bridge of nose is known as synophrys and is a normal variation. This variation is also recognized as a clinical feature of several genetic disorders, Cornelia De Lange syndrome being the commonest. Several studies, on aesthetics of face and eyebrows have been conducted, also on the role of eyebrows in emotional expression and nonverbal communication. A recent study has pointed a gene associated with synophrys. Surprisingly, however synophrys and its prevalence in the normal population is not known thus we conducted a study of its prevalence in Oman...
July 2017: International Journal of Trichology
Tarik Madani, Mohamed Amine Karabila, Younes Mhammdi, Mohammed Kharmaz, Mohamed El Ouadghiri, Abdou Lahlou, Ahmed El Bardouni, Mustapha Mahfoud, Mohamed Saleh Berrada
We report the case of a 40-year old patient referred by the Depatment of Dermatology at the Ibn Sina Hospital in Rabat for amputation of the index finger as a result of a melanoma diagnosed by biopsy. The amputation was performed according to Chase's method. Aesthetic and functional outcome was very good six months following surgical treatment.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
Mohammed Al Azrak, Rei Ogawa
Background: Facial wounds are challenging for dermatologic surgeons, particularly traumatic facial wounds, because they can yield disfiguring scars. To obtain good results, narrow needles and sutures are needed. Hair filaments have a very small diameter (0.06-0.1 mm) and could serve as suture threads for facial wounds. Objective: To determine the aesthetic outcomes by using autologous hair to suture facial wounds. Patients and Methods: This case series study examined the aesthetic outcomes of all consecutive female patients with traumatic facial wounds who underwent autologous hair-based stitching in 2009-2016...
2017: Eplasty
Jeave Reserva, Amanda Champlain, Seaver L Soon, Rebecca Tung
BACKGROUND: Chemical peels are a mainstay of aesthetic medicine and an increasingly popular cosmetic procedure performed in men. OBJECTIVE: To review the indications for chemical peels with an emphasis on performing this procedure in male patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of the English PubMed/MEDLINE literature and specialty texts in cosmetic dermatology, oculoplastic, and facial aesthetic surgery regarding sex-specific use of chemical peels in men...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Ebtisam Elghblawi
The clinical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is based on the increase in the concentration of growth factors that are released from alpha-granule of the concentrated platelets and in the secretion of proteins which are able to capitalize on the healing process at the cellular level. It has been invented to restore the natural beauty by starting the natural rejuvenation process of the skin and aiming to make it function as a younger one and to keep the skin youthful and maintain it. Besides that, it is also emerged to include hairs as a new injectable procedure to enable stimulating hair growth locally and topically; preventing its fall; improving hair shaft, hair stem, and its caliber; increasing its shine, vitality, and pliability; and declining hair splitting and breakage...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
J Bouhassira, B Hersant, W Noel, P Aguilar, J Niddam, J-P Meningaud
Reconstruction of an entire alar wing is a frequently encountered reconstructive challenge in onco-dermatologic surgery. The aim of this technical note was to describe a surgical technique total for reconstruction of the alar wing, with a modified nasolabial flap with an inferior pedicle associated with a cartilaginous graft. This rapid procedure seems to be a well alternative for elderly people and patients who do not want a forehead flap. The aesthetic and functional outcomes of the donor and recipient sites were satisfactory...
December 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Maria Covadonga Martínez-González, Raquel-Amaya Martínez-González, Aurora Guerra-Tapia
INTRODUCTION: There has been an increase in the demand for esthetic dermatology treatments within the general population. The purpose of this study was to analyze, within the scope of general population, the relationship between people's perception of esthetic dermatology treatments and emotional well-being, as well as for differences in gender. METHODS: The Aesthetic Dermatology and Emotional Well-Being (DEBIE) Scale, [Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology vol. 13 (2014) 336-345] was applied to 770 Spanish people over 18 years old...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
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