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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227730/physical-and-performance-characteristics-related-to-unintentional-musculoskeletal-injury-in-special-forces-operators-a-prospective-analysis
#1
Nicholas R Heebner, John P Abt, Mita Lovalekar, Kim Beals, Timothy C Sell, Jeffery Morgan, Shawn Kane, Scott Lephart
CONTEXT:   Seventy-seven percent of musculoskeletal injuries sustained by United States Army Special Forces Operators are preventable. Identification of predictive characteristics will promote the development of screening methods to augment injury-prevention programs. OBJECTIVE:   To determine physical and performance characteristics that predict musculoskeletal injuries. SETTING:   Clinical laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   A total of 95 Operators (age = 32...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224907/quantitative-postural-analysis-of-children-with-congenital-visual-impairment
#2
Michelle de Pádua, Juliana F Sauer, Silvia M A João
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the postural alignment of children with visual impairment with that of children without visual impairment. METHODS: The sample studied was 74 children of both sexes ages 5 to 12 years. Of these, 34 had visual impairment and 40 were control children. Digital photos from the standing position were used to analyze posture. Postural variables, such as tilt of the head, shoulder position, scapula position, lateral deviation of the spine, ankle position in the frontal plane and head posture, angle of thoracic kyphosis, angle of lumbar lordosis, pelvis position, and knee position in the frontal and sagittal planes, were measured with the Postural Assessment Software 0...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224233/review-article-methodology-for-the-rapid-review-series-on-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-the-emergency-department
#3
REVIEW
Kirsten Strudwick, Megan McPhee, Anthony Bell, Melinda Martin-Khan, Trevor Russell
Musculoskeletal injuries are a common presentation to the ED, with significant costs involved in the management of these injuries, variances in care within the ED and associated morbidity. A series of rapid review papers were completed to guide best practice for the assessment and management of common musculoskeletal injuries presenting to the ED. This paper presents the methodology used across the rapid reviews. PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, TRIP and the grey literature, including relevant organisational websites, were searched in 2015...
December 10, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114928/a-new-substitute-for-formalin-application-to-embalming-cadavers
#4
Yoshinori Haizuka, Miki Nagase, Satoshi Takashino, Yasushi Kobayashi, Yoshihisa Fujikura, George Matsumura
The development of formalin-free fixatives is an urgent issue in gross anatomy because of the health hazard and the tissue-hardening actions of formalin. We recently identified the fixative, antimicrobial, and preservative effects of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone (NVP), a precursor of the water-soluble macromolecular polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone, in animal experiments. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether NVP solution can be used as an alternative to formalin in human cadaveric dissection. Twelve donated cadavers were infused with NVP via the femoral and common carotid arteries using a peristaltic pump...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943193/epidemiology-of-musculoskeletal-injuries-sustained-by-naval-special-forces-operators-and-students
#5
Mita Lovalekar, Katherine A Perlsweig, Karen A Keenan, Thomas M Baldwin, Michael Caviston, Anne E McCarthy, Jeffrey J Parr, Bradley C Nindl, Kim Beals
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this analysis was to describe the incidence and common types of medical chart-reviewed musculoskeletal injuries, among four distinct groups of Naval Special Warfare (NSW) personnel: Sea, Air, and Land (SEAL) Operators, SEAL Qualification Training (SQT) students, Special Warfare Combatant-craft Crewman (SWCC) Operators, and Crewman Qualification Training (CQT) students. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for 920 NSW personnel...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877309/a-finite-element-model-of-a-mid-size-male-for-simulating-pedestrian-accidents
#6
Costin D Untaroiu, Wansoo Pak, Yunzhu Meng, Jeremy M Schap, Bharath Koya, F Scott Gayzik
Pedestrians represent one of the most vulnerable road users and comprise nearly 22% the road crash related fatalities in the world. Therefore, protection of pedestrians in car-to-pedestrian collisions (CPC) has recently generated increased attention with regulations involving three subsystem tests. The development of a finite element (FE) pedestrian model could provide a complementary component that characterizes the whole-body response of vehicle-pedestrian interactions and assesses the pedestrian injuries...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866347/wearable-inertial-sensors-allow-for-quantitative-assessment-of-shoulder-and-elbow-kinematics-in-a-cadaveric-knee-arthroscopy-model
#7
Michael Rose, Carolin Curtze, Joseph O'Sullivan, Mahmoud El-Gohary, Dennis Crawford, Darin Friess, Jacqueline M Brady
PURPOSE: To develop a model using wearable inertial sensors to assess the performance of orthopaedic residents while performing a diagnostic knee arthroscopy. METHODS: Fourteen subjects performed a diagnostic arthroscopy on a cadaveric right knee. Participants were divided into novices (5 postgraduate year 3 residents), intermediates (5 postgraduate year 4 residents), and experts (4 faculty) based on experience. Arm movement data were collected by inertial measurement units (Opal sensors) by securing 2 sensors to each upper extremity (dorsal forearm and lateral arm) and 2 sensors to the trunk (sternum and lumbar spine)...
August 30, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812033/epidemiology-of-injuries-identified-at-the-nfl-scouting-combine-and-their-impact-on-performance-in-the-national-football-league-evaluation-of-2203-athletes-from-2009-to-2015
#8
Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, William H Rossy, George Sanchez, James M Whalen, Kyle P Lavery, Kevin J McHale, Bryan G Vopat, Joseph J Van Allen, Ramesses A Akamefula, Matthew T Provencher
BACKGROUND: At the annual National Football League (NFL) Scouting Combine, the medical staff of each NFL franchise performs a comprehensive medical evaluation of all athletes potentially entering the NFL. Currently, little is known regarding the overall epidemiology of injuries identified at the combine and their impact on NFL performance. PURPOSE: To determine the epidemiology of injuries identified at the combine and their impact on initial NFL performance. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792901/an-automated-classification-of-pathological-gait-using-unobtrusive-sensing-technology
#9
Elham Dolatabadi, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis
This study integrates an unobtrusive and affordable sensing technology with machine learning methods to discriminate between healthy and pathological gait patterns as a result of stroke or acquired brain injury (ABI). A feature analysis is used to identify the role of each body part in separating pathological patterns from healthy patterns. Gait features including the orientations of the hips and spine (trunk), shoulders and neck (upper limb), knees and ankles (lower limb), are calculated during walking based on Kinect skeletal tracking sequences...
August 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687543/injury-epidemiology-of-tennis-players-at-the-2011-2016-australian-open-grand-slam
#10
Danielle T Gescheit, Stuart J Cormack, Rob Duffield, Stephanie Kovalchik, Tim O Wood, Melanie Omizzolo, Machar Reid
AIM: To examine the epidemiology and in-event treatment frequency of injury at the 2011-2016 Australian Open tournaments. METHODS: Injury incidence was defined as a medical consultation by a tournament physician and in-event treatment frequency as the mean total number of follow-up medical/physiotherapy consultations (2013-2016 tournaments only). Data were collated by sex, injury region and type and reported as frequencies per 10 000 game exposures. Incidence rate s± 95% CI and rate ratios were used to test effects for injury, sex and year...
September 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669859/effect-of-the-upper-instrumented-vertebral-level-upper-vs-lower-thoracic-spine-on-gait-ability-after-corrective-surgery-for-adult-spinal-deformity
#11
Mitsuru Yagi, Nobuyuki Fujita, Osahiko Tsuji, Narihiro Nagoshi, Yoshiyuki Yato, Takashi Asazuma, Ken Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The relationship between gait pattern and the level of upper instrumented vertebra (UIV) in surgically treated patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) has not been fully documented. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of UIV level for the gait pattern in ASD STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Prospective case series. PATIENT SAMPLE: Thirty surgically treated consecutive female ASD with lumbosacral fusion (age 67.0±8.4 years; body mass index (BMI) 22...
June 29, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600371/the-optimal-screening-for-prediction-of-referral-and-outcome-ospro-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-conditions-a-longitudinal-validation-cohort-from-the-usa
#12
Steven Z George, Jason M Beneciuk, Trevor A Lentz, Samuel S Wu
PURPOSE: There is an increased need for determining which patients with musculoskeletal pain benefit from additional diagnostic testing or psychologically informed intervention. The Optimal Screening for Prediction of Referral and Outcome (OSPRO) cohort studies were designed to develop and validate standard assessment tools for review of systems and yellow flags. This cohort profile paper provides a description of and future plans for the validation cohort. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (n=440) with primary complaint of spine, shoulder or knee pain were recruited into the OSPRO validation cohort via a national Orthopaedic Physical Therapy-Investigative Network...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551465/spinal-fusion-limits-upper-body-range-of-motion-during-gait-without-inducing-compensatory-mechanisms-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#13
R M Holewijn, I Kingma, M de Kleuver, J J P Schimmel, N L W Keijsers
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies show a limited alteration of gait at normal walking speed after spinal fusion surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), despite the presumed essential role of spinal mobility during gait. This study analyses how spinal fusion affects gait at more challenging walking speeds. More specifically, we investigated whether thoracic-pelvic rotations are reduced to a larger extent at higher gait speeds and whether compensatory mechanisms above and below the stiffened spine are present...
May 17, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524751/pseudogout-of-the-cervical-and-thoracic-spine-mimicking-infection-after-lumbar-fusion-case-report
#14
Kelly J Bridges, Carli L Bullis, Ajay Wanchu, Khoi D Than
Pseudogout is a form of acute calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPPD) disease that typically afflicts the elderly. CPPD commonly involves larger joints, such as the knees, wrists, shoulders, and hips, and has been known to involve the spine. The authors report the case of a 66-year-old woman with a recent history of lumbar laminectomy and fusion who presented 5 weeks postprocedure with a clinical and radiographic picture consistent with multilevel skip lesions involving the cervical and thoracic spine, thoracic discitis, and epidural abscess...
August 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503046/reflections-about-osteoarthritis-and-curcuma-longa
#15
REVIEW
Marina Cristina Akuri, Sandra Maria Barbalho, Raíssa Meira Val, Elen Landgraf Guiguer
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic inflammatory degenerative process that affects joints such as the hands, hips, shoulders, feet, spine, and especially knees in millions of people worldwide. Some authors have shown that Curcuma longa components may exhibit benefic effects in the treatment of degenerative diseases as OA. This plant belongs to the family Zingiberaceae and it is popularly known as turmeric or saffron. This review intended to perform a retrospective search to identify studies involving humans and animal models...
January 2017: Pharmacognosy Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481385/an-assessment-of-the-safety-of-an-orthopedic-specialty-hospital-a-5-year-experience
#16
Eric M Padegimas, Matthew L Ramsey, Matthew Austin, Javad Parvizi, Gerald R Williams, Kelly Doyle, Michael E West, Richard H Rothman, Alexander R Vaccaro, Surena Namdari
One of the goals of orthopedic specialty hospitals is to provide safe and efficient care to medically optimized patients. The authors' orthopedic specialty hospital is a physician-owned, 24-bed facility that accommodates a multispecialty orthopedic practice in the areas of spine, hip and knee arthroplasty, shoulder and elbow, sports, foot and ankle, and hand surgery. The purpose of this study was to examine the first 5 years of an institutional experience with an orthopedic specialty hospital and to determine if any procedures were at increased risk of postoperative transfer...
July 1, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469886/a-unique-acromegalic-osteoarthropathy-manubriosternal-joint-arthritis
#17
Satoshi Fujisawa, Fumio Otsuka
Osteoarthritis of the manubriosternal joint can be found in patients with inflammatory arthritis. Acromegalic arthropathy is often found in the shoulders, wrists, knees, hips, and spine; however, attention should also be given to sternalgia as a complication of acromegalic involvement of the manubriosternal joint.
May 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378990/pain-involving-the-motor-system-and-serum-vitamin-d-concentration-in-postmenopausal-women-working-in-agriculture
#18
Dorota Raczkiewicz, Alfred Owoc, Beata Sarecka-Hujar, Iwona Bojar
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Since the role of vitamin D is essential in numerous biological processes its deficiency was suggested to be a risk factor for e.g. osteoporosis, musculoskeletal pain and spine pain. The purpose of the study was to analyse whether serum vitamin D concentration is related to pain involving the motor system in Polish postmenopausal women working in agriculture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 1,751 post-menopausal women, aged 45-65, at least 12 months from the last menstrual period, living in rural areas and working in agriculture...
March 22, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269656/automated-classification-of-pathological-gait-after-stroke-using-ubiquitous-sensing-technology
#19
Elham Dolatabadi, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis
This study uses machine learning methods to distinguish between healthy and pathological gait. Examples of multi-dimensional pathological and normal gait sequences were collected from post-stroke and healthy individuals in a real clinical setting and with two Kinect sensors. The trajectories of rotational angle and global velocity of selected body joints (hips, spine, shoulders, neck, knees and ankles) over time formed the gait sequences. The combination of k nearest neighbor (kNN) and dynamic time warping (DTW) was used for classification...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227914/automated-classification-of-pathological-gait-after-stroke-using-ubiquitous-sensing-technology
#20
Elham Dolatabadi, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis, Elham Dolatabadi, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis, Babak Taati, Alex Mihailidis, Elham Dolatabadi
This study uses machine learning methods to distinguish between healthy and pathological gait. Examples of multi-dimensional pathological and normal gait sequences were collected from post-stroke and healthy individuals in a real clinical setting and with two Kinect sensors. The trajectories of rotational angle and global velocity of selected body joints (hips, spine, shoulders, neck, knees and ankles) over time formed the gait sequences. The combination of k nearest neighbor (kNN) and dynamic time warping (DTW) was used for classification...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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