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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431383/protocolized-hyperventilation-enhances-electroconvulsive-therapy
#1
Aida de Arriba-Arnau, Antonia Dalmau, Virginia Soria, Neus Salvat-Pujol, Carmina Ribes, Ana Sánchez-Allueva, José Manuel Menchón, Mikel Urretavizcaya
BACKGROUND: Hyperventilation is recommended in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to enhance seizures and to increase patients' safety. However, more evidence is needed regarding its effects and the optimum method of application. METHODS: This prospective study involving 21 subjects compared two procedures, protocolized hyperventilation (PHV) and hyperventilation as usual (HVau), applied to the same patient in two consecutive sessions. Transcutaneous partial pressure of carbon dioxide (TcPCO2) was measured throughout all sessions...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431128/binge-drinking-and-well-being-in-european-older-adults-do-gender-and-region-matter
#2
Sonsoles Fuentes, Usama Bilal, Iñaki Galán, Joan R Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Marina Bosque-Prous, Manuel Franco, Mariana Lazo
We aimed to describe gender and region differences in the prevalence of binge drinking and in the association between binge drinking and well-being, among older adult Europeans. This is a cross-sectional study using the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) wave 4, conducted between 2011 and 2012, including 58 489 individuals aged 50 years or older. Sixteen European countries were grouped in four drinking culture regions: South, Central, North and East. We categorized drinking patterns as: never, former, no-binge and binge drinkers...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431108/investments-in-children-s-health-and-the-kenyan-cash-transfer-for-orphans-and-vulnerable-children-evidence-from-an-unconditional-cash-transfer-scheme
#3
Carolyn Huang, Kavita Singh, Sudhanshu Handa, Carolyn Halpern, Audrey Pettifor, Harsha Thirumurthy
Child mortality is one of the most pressing global health and policy issues in the developing world. The leading drivers of death-pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria-are preventable and treatable. However, these illnesses are exacerbated by a lack of accessible nutrition, water, basic and preventive health services, and sanitary living conditions-all factors which are more likely to disproportionately impact the poor. We examine whether Kenya's largest social protection impacts children's incidence of upper respiratory illness...
April 18, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431085/health-status-in-europe-comparison-of-24-urban-areas-to-the-corresponding-10-countries-euro-urhis-2
#4
E M Koster, R de Gelder, F Di Nardo, G Williams, A Harrison, L P van Buren, H Lyshol, L Patterson, C A Birt, J Higgerson, P W Achterberg, A Verma, E J C van Ameijden
: In Europe, over 70% of the population live in urban areas (UAs). Most international comparative health research is done using national level data, as reliable and comparable urban data are often unavailable or difficult to access. This study aims to investigate whether population health is different in UAs compared with their corresponding countries. : Routinely available health-related data were collected by the EURO-URHIS 2 project, for 10 European countries and for 24 UAs within those countries. National and UA level data for 11 health indicators were compared through the calculation of relative difference, and geographical patterns within Europe were investigated using the Mann Whitney U test...
April 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430372/retinal-nerve-fibre-layer-thickness-is-reduced-in-metabolic-syndrome
#5
R Zarei, P Anvari, Y Eslami, G Fakhraie, M Mohammadi, A Jamali, M Afarideh, A Ghajar, S Heydarzade, A Esteghamati, S Moghimi
AIMS: To investigate retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness in people with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and healthy controls. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed from March 2014 to January 2016. All participants underwent anthropometric and serological biochemical measurements, ophthalmological examination, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). Individuals with elevated intraocular pressure, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and other ocular disorders were excluded...
April 21, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430367/effect-of-dalteparin-administration-on-thrombin-generation-kinetics-in-healthy-dogs
#6
Carolyn Gara-Boivin, Jérôme R E Del Castillo, Marilyn E Dunn, Christian Bédard
BACKGROUND: Dalteparin is used to prevent thrombotic complications in dogs. Measurement of anti-factor Xa (anti-FXa) activity is currently used for monitoring therapy, but remains a nonfunctional test. The calibrated automated thrombogram (CAT) could be a suitable approach for functional monitoring. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that the CAT will detect decreased endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) in healthy dogs receiving dalteparin. METHODS: Twenty-four healthy adult Beagles were randomly allocated to 4 equal groups...
April 21, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429996/are-athletes-doping-related-attitudes-predicted-by-their-perceptions-of-coaches-confrontation-efficacy
#7
Philip Sullivan, Parmida Razavi
BACKGROUND: The coaching process is complex and dynamic. Coaches are known to affect athlete attitudes indirectly, through athletes' perceptions and interpretations. This process has been verified with a variety of ethical behaviors. OBJECTIVES: The current study investigated the relationships between athletes' perceived doping confrontation efficacy of their coaches and athlete's anti-doping attitudes. METHODS: A sample of athletes (N = 96) completed a version of the Doping Confrontation Efficacy Scale that was modified to assess their perception of their coaches' anti-doping confrontation efficacy, and the PEAS (Performance Enhancing Attitude Scale), which assessed their performance-enhancing attitudes...
April 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429018/force-induced-elastic-matrix-mediated-interactions-in-the-presence-of-a-rigid-wall
#8
Andreas M Menzel
We consider a soft elastic matrix that contains particulate inclusions and is bounded by a rigid wall, e.g., the substrate. Such a situation arises in elastic composite materials. They may serve as soft actuators when forces are imposed on or induced between the embedded particles. We investigate how the presence of the rigid wall affects the interactions between the inclusions. First, for no-slip boundary conditions, we transfer Blake's derivation of a corresponding Green's function from low-Reynolds-number hydrodynamics to the linearly elastic case...
April 21, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428869/rapid-maximum-likelihood-ancestral-state-reconstruction-of-continuous-characters-a-rerooting-free-algorithm
#9
Eric W Goolsby
Ancestral state reconstruction is a method used to study the evolutionary trajectories of quantitative characters on phylogenies. Although efficient methods for univariate ancestral state reconstruction under a Brownian motion model have been described for at least 25 years, to date no generalization has been described to allow more complex evolutionary models, such as multivariate trait evolution, non-Brownian models, missing data, and within-species variation. Furthermore, even for simple univariate Brownian motion models, most phylogenetic comparative R packages compute ancestral states via inefficient tree rerooting and full tree traversals at each tree node, making ancestral state reconstruction extremely time-consuming for large phylogenies...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428868/metapopulation-patterns-of-additive-and-nonadditive-genetic-variance-in-the-sea-bass-dicentrarchus-labrax
#10
Bruno Guinand, Marc Vandeputte, Mathilde Dupont-Nivet, Alain Vergnet, Pierrick Haffray, Hervé Chavanne, Béatrice Chatain
Describing and explaining the geographic within-species variation in phenotypes ("phenogeography") in the sea over a species distribution range is central to our understanding of a variety of eco-evolutionary topics. However, phenogeographic studies that have a large potential to investigate adaptive variation are overcome by phylogeographic studies, still mainly focusing on neutral markers. How genotypic and phenotypic data could covary over large geographic scales remains poorly understood in marine species...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428845/global-pattern-of-plant-utilization-across-different-organisms-does-plant-apparency-or-plant-phylogeny-matter
#11
Xiaohua Dai, Wei Zhang, Jiasheng Xu, Kevin J Duffy, Qingyun Guo
The present study is the first to consider human and nonhuman consumers together to reveal several general patterns of plant utilization. We provide evidence that at a global scale, plant apparency and phylogenetic isolation can be important predictors of plant utilization and consumer diversity. Using the number of species or genera or the distribution area of each plant family as the island "area" and the minimum phylogenetic distance to common plant families as the island "distance", we fitted presence-area relationships and presence-distance relationships with a binomial GLM (generalized linear model) with a logit link...
April 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428647/a-partially-linear-framework-for-massive-heterogeneous-data
#12
Tianqi Zhao, Guang Cheng, Han Liu
We consider a partially linear framework for modelling massive heterogeneous data. The major goal is to extract common features across all sub-populations while exploring heterogeneity of each sub-population. In particular, we propose an aggregation type estimator for the commonality parameter that possesses the (non-asymptotic) minimax optimal bound and asymptotic distribution as if there were no heterogeneity. This oracular result holds when the number of sub-populations does not grow too fast. A plug-in estimator for the heterogeneity parameter is further constructed, and shown to possess the asymptotic distribution as if the commonality information were available...
August 2016: Annals of Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427850/five-year-changes-in-cardiac-structure-and-function-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-compared-with-the-general-population
#13
John M Davis, Grace Lin, Jae K Oh, Cynthia S Crowson, Sara J Achenbach, Terry M Therneau, Eric L Matteson, Richard J Rodeheffer, Sherine E Gabriel
BACKGROUND: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have increased risk of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. The development and progression of left ventricular dysfunction before onset of clinical heart failure are unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate longitudinal changes in cardiac structure and function of patients with RA compared with persons in the general population. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study of a population-based cohort of 160 patients with RA and a population-based cohort of 1391 persons without RA (non-RA cohort) was performed...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427718/improved-linear-quadratic-and-proportional-control-system-for-improved-liquid-level-system-regulation-in-a-coke-fractionation-tower
#14
Jili Tao, Qinru Fan, Longhua Ma
A new linear quadratic regulation (LQ) control plus a proportional (P) control system is proposed for the level regulation in an industrial coke fractionation tower. The process is first stabilized using a P controller and then a subsequent LQ controller is designed for the P control system. The P control system is modeled as a generalized first order plus dead time (FOPDT) process using step-response test and the LQ-P controller is designed through a new state space structure. Performance in terms of regulatory and servo issues were investigated...
April 17, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427205/mns16a-tandem-repeat-minisatellite-of-human-telomerase-gene-functional-studies-in-colorectal-lung-and-prostate-cancer
#15
Philipp Hofer, Cornelia Zöchmeister, Christian Behm, Stefanie Brezina, Andreas Baierl, Angelina Doriguzzi, Vanita Vanas, Klaus Holzmann, Hedwig Sutterlüty-Fall, Andrea Gsur
MNS16A, a functional polymorphic tandem repeat minisatellite, is located in the promoter region of an antisense transcript of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase gene. MNS16A promoter activity depends on the variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) presenting varying numbers of transcription factor binding sites for GATA binding protein 1. Although MNS16A has been investigated in multiple cancer epidemiology studies with incongruent findings, functional data of only two VNTRs (VNTR-243 and VNTR-302) were available thus far, linking the shorter VNTR to higher promoter activity...
March 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427054/preceding-intravenous-thrombolysis-in-patients-receiving-endovascular-therapy
#16
Hong-Kyun Park, Jong-Won Chung, Jeong-Ho Hong, Min Uk Jang, Hyun-Du Noh, Jong-Moo Park, Kyusik Kang, Soo Joo Lee, Youngchai Ko, Jae Guk Kim, Jae-Kwan Cha, Dae-Hyun Kim, Hyun-Wook Nah, Moon-Ku Han, Beom Joon Kim, Tai Hwan Park, Sang-Soon Park, Kyung Bok Lee, Jun Lee, Keun-Sik Hong, Yong-Jin Cho, Byung-Chul Lee, Kyung-Ho Yu, Mi-Sun Oh, Ki-Hyun Cho, Joon-Tae Kim, Dong-Eog Kim, Wi-Sun Ryu, Jay Chol Choi, Wook-Joo Kim, Dong-Ick Shin, Min-Ju Yeo, Sung Il Sohn, Ji Sung Lee, Juneyoung Lee, Byung-Woo Yoon, Hee-Joon Bae
BACKGROUND: The beneficial effects of endovascular therapy (EVT) in acute ischemic stroke have been demonstrated in recent clinical trials using new-generation thrombectomy devices. However, the comparative effectiveness and safety of preceding intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) in this population has rarely been evaluated. METHODS: From a prospective multicenter stroke registry database in Korea, we identified patients with acute ischemic stroke who were treated with EVT within 8 h of onset and admitted to 14 participating centers during 2008-2013...
April 21, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426829/joint-genetic-analysis-using-variant-sets-reveals-polygenic-gene-context-interactions
#17
Francesco Paolo Casale, Danilo Horta, Barbara Rakitsch, Oliver Stegle
Joint genetic models for multiple traits have helped to enhance association analyses. Most existing multi-trait models have been designed to increase power for detecting associations, whereas the analysis of interactions has received considerably less attention. Here, we propose iSet, a method based on linear mixed models to test for interactions between sets of variants and environmental states or other contexts. Our model generalizes previous interaction tests and in particular provides a test for local differences in the genetic architecture between contexts...
April 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426435/surface-plasmon-resonance-in-gold-nanoparticles-a-review
#18
Vincenzo Amendola, Roberto Pilot, Marco Frasconi, Onofrio M Maragò, Maria Antonia Iatì
In the last two decades, plasmon resonance in gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) has been the subject of intense research efforts. Plasmon physics is intriguing and its precise modelling proved to be challenging. In fact, plasmons are highly responsive to a multitude of factors, either intrinsic to the Au NPs or from the environment, and recently the need emerged for the correction of standard electromagnetic approaches with quantum effects. Applications related to plasmon absorption and scattering in Au NPs are impressively numerous, ranging from sensing to photothermal effects to cell imaging...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426361/sociodemographic-and-substance-use-disorder-determinants-of-hiv-sexual-risk-behavior-in-men-and-women-in-outpatient-drug-treatment-in-the-nida-national-drug-abuse-treatment-clinical-trials-network
#19
Jeremy D Kidd, Susan Tross, Martina Pavlicova, Mei-Chen Hu, Aimee N C Campbell, Edward V Nunes
BACKGROUND: Sexual risk behavior is now the primary vector of HIV transmission among substance users in the United States with gender as a crucial moderator of risk behavior. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences in factors (age, race/ethnicity, education) that predict main-partner unprotected sexual occasions (USO) using the unique platform of two parallel NIDA National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network gender-specific safer sex intervention trials...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426359/reductions-in-hard-drug-use-among-homeless-youth-receiving-a-strength-based-outreach-intervention-comparing-the-long-term-effects-of-shelter-linkage-versus-drop-in-center-linkage
#20
Xiamei Guo, Natasha Slesnick
OBJECTIVES: The current study sought to test hard drug use outcomes for youth receiving a strengths-based outreach and advocacy intervention that linked youth to either a shelter or a drop-in center. METHODS: Homeless youth (14-24 years old) were engaged by research assistants (RAs) at soup kitchens, parks, libraries, and other locations that homeless youth were known to frequent. Youth were randomly assigned to receive six months of advocacy that focused on linking youth to a drop-in center (n = 40) or to a crisis shelter (n = 39)...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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