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GLM or (general linear model)

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145469/development-of-visual-cortical-function-in-infant-macaques-a-bold-fmri-study
#1
Tom J Van Grootel, Alan Meeson, Matthias H J Munk, Zoe Kourtzi, J Anthony Movshon, Nikos K Logothetis, Lynne Kiorpes
Functional brain development is not well understood. In the visual system, neurophysiological studies in nonhuman primates show quite mature neuronal properties near birth although visual function is itself quite immature and continues to develop over many months or years after birth. Our goal was to assess the relative development of two main visual processing streams, dorsal and ventral, using BOLD fMRI in an attempt to understand the global mechanisms that support the maturation of visual behavior. Seven infant macaque monkeys (Macaca mulatta) were repeatedly scanned, while anesthetized, over an age range of 102 to 1431 days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145288/efficacy-of-cold-application-on-pain-during-chest-tube-removal-a-randomized-controlled-trial-a-consort-compliant-article
#2
Ling-Yu Hsieh, Yi-Rong Chen, Mei-Chun Lu
BACKGROUND: Use of analgesics is the most common method to alleviate the pain induced by chest tube removal (CTR), but patient response to medication can vary and may not be achieved complete relaxation. This study was to determine the effectiveness of cold application in combination with standard analgesic administration before CTR on CTR-induced pain. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, single-blind, sham-controlled study was conducted. In addition to the same routine care, subjects in the experimental group (n = 30) received cold application of 600-g ice packs 15 minutes before CTR, whereas subjects in the sham group (n = 30) received tap water packs...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144214/circadian-rhythms-of-trematode-parasites-applying-mixed-models-to-test-underlying-patterns
#3
Emily R Hannon, Dana M Calhoun, Sindhu Chadalawada, Pieter T J Johnson
Circadian rhythms of parasites and their hosts can influence processes such as transmission, pathology and life cycle evolution. For trematode parasites that depend on free-living infectious stages (i.e. cercariae) to move among host species, the timing of parasite release is hypothesized to increase the likelihood of contacting a host. Yet, a persistent challenge in studying such biorhythms involves selection of appropriate analytical techniques. Here, we extend a generalized linear mixed modelling (GLMM) framework to cosinor analyses, thereby allowing flexibility in the statistical distribution of the response variable, incorporation of multiple covariates and inclusion of hierarchical grouping effects...
November 16, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143703/dose-response-evaluation-of-the-standardized-ileal-digestible-tryptophan-lysine-ratio-to-maximize-growth-performance-of-growing-finishing-gilts-under-commercial-conditions
#4
M A D Gonçalves, M D Tokach, N M Bello, K J Touchette, R D Goodband, J M DeRouchey, J C Woodworth, S S Dritz
Environmental regulations as well as economic incentives have resulted in greater use of synthetic amino acids in swine diets. Tryptophan is typically the second limiting amino acid in corn-soybean meal-based diets. However, using corn-based co-products emphasizes the need to evaluate the pig's response to increasing Trp concentrations. Therefore, the objective of these studies was to evaluate the dose-response to increasing standardized ileal digestible (SID) Trp : Lys on growth performance of growing-finishing gilts housed under large-scale commercial conditions...
November 16, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142985/low-urinary-creatinine-excretion-is-associated-with-self-reported-frailty-in-patients-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease
#5
Harmke A Polinder-Bos, Hakan Nacak, Friedo W Dekker, Stephan J L Bakker, Carlo A J M Gaillard, Ron T Gansevoort
Introduction: Frailty and muscle wasting, a component of frailty, are common in advanced stage chronic kidney disease (CKD). Whether frailty is associated with low urinary creatinine excretion (UCrE) as a measure of muscle mass in this population is unknown. Furthermore, reference values of UCrE are lacking. We first defined low UCrE and studied correlates of low UCrE, and subsequently studied cross-sectional associations of frailty with low UCrE in patients with advanced CKD. Methods: A total of 2748 healthy individuals of the general population-based PREVEND study were included to define low UCrE (UCrE indexed for height, below the age- and sex-specific 5th percentile of the distribution)...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142542/predictors-and-correlations-of-emotional-intelligence-among-medical-students-at-king-abdulaziz-university-jeddah
#6
Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Wafaa Ali Algethmi, Safia Mohammad Binshihon, Rawan Aesh Almahyawi, Razan Faisal Alahmadi, Maha Yousef Baabdullah
Objectives: To determine the predictors of Emotional Intelligence (EI), and its relationship with academic performance, leadership capacity, self-efficacy and the perceived stress between medical students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was done among 540 students selected through a multi-stage stratified random sampling method during 2015/2016. A standardized, confidential data collection sheet was used. It included Schutte Self-Report Emotional Intelligence (SSREI) scale, Authentic Leadership questionnaire, General Self-Efficacy Scale and the short version of Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-4)...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142333/approaches-to-macroevolution-1-general-concepts-and-origin-of-variation
#7
David Jablonski
Approaches to macroevolution require integration of its two fundamental components, i.e. the origin and the sorting of variation, in a hierarchical framework. Macroevolution occurs in multiple currencies that are only loosely correlated, notably taxonomic diversity, morphological disparity, and functional variety. The origin of variation within this conceptual framework is increasingly understood in developmental terms, with the semi-hierarchical structure of gene regulatory networks (GRNs, used here in a broad sense incorporating not just the genetic circuitry per se but the factors controlling the timing and location of gene expression and repression), the non-linear relation between magnitude of genetic change and the phenotypic results, the evolutionary potential of co-opting existing GRNs, and developmental responsiveness to nongenetic signals (i...
2017: Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142314/magnetoresistance-and-robust-resistivity-plateau-in-moas2
#8
Jialu Wang, Lin Li, Wei You, Tingting Wang, Chao Cao, Jianhui Dai, Yuke Li
We have grown the MoAs2 single crystal which crystallizes in a monoclinic structure with C2/m space group. Transport measurements show that MoAs2 displays a metallic behavior at zero field and undergoes a metal-to-semiconductor crossover at low temperatures when the applied magnetic field is over 5 T. A robust resistivity plateau appears below 18 K and persists for the field up to 9 T. A large positive magnetoresistance (MR), reaching about 2600% at 2 K and 9 T, is observed when the field is perpendicular to the current...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141680/applying-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-to-improve-access-to-healthcare-for-eritrean-asylum-seekers-in-israel-a-pilot-study
#9
Nora Gottlieb, Tomer Weinstein, Jonah Mink, Habtom M Ghebrezghiabher, Zebib Sultan, Rachel Reichlin
BACKGROUND: Israel hosts approximately 50,000 asylum seekers, most of them from Eritrea. Exclusive policies restrict their access to healthcare. In 2013, local activists partnered with Eritrean asylum seekers to assess health needs as well as willingness to pay for health insurance among the Eritrean communities. This initiative was meant as a step towards jointly advocating access to Israel's public healthcare system and towards strengthening collective efficacy among the asylum-seeking communities, as well as a first attempt to apply a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to migrant health research in Israel...
November 15, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141612/individual-level-and-community-level-determinants-of-cervical-cancer-screening-among-kenyan-women-a-multilevel-analysis-of-a-nationwide-survey
#10
Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang, Peter Austin Morton Ntenda, Ying-Chih Chuang
BACKGROUND: Studies on the determinants of cervical cancer screening in sub-Saharan Africa have focused mostly on individual-level characteristics of cervical cancer screening. Therefore, in this study, we included both individual- and community-level indicators to examine the determinants of cervical cancer screening among Kenyan women. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Surveys. Our analysis focused on 9016 married women of reproductive age (15-49 years)...
November 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141342/-influence-of-humidex-on-incidence-of-bacillary-dysentery-in-hefei-a-time-series-study
#11
H Zhang, K F Zhao, R X He, D S Zhao, M Y Xie, S S Wang, L J Bai, Q Cheng, Y W Zhang, H Su
Objective: To investigate the effect of humidex combined with mean temperature and relative humidity on the incidence of bacillary dysentery in Hefei. Methods: Daily counts of bacillary dysentery cases and weather data in Hefei were collected from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2013. Then, the humidex was calculated from temperature and relative humidity. A Poisson generalized linear regression combined with distributed lag non-linear model was applied to analyze the relationship between humidex and the incidence of bacillary dysentery, after adjusting for long-term and seasonal trends, day of week and other weather confounders...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141100/religiosity-and-psychological-resilience-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#12
Y Mizuno, A Hofer, B Frajo-Apor, F Wartelsteiner, G Kemmler, S Pardeller, T Suzuki, M Mimura, W W Fleischhacker, H Uchida
OBJECTIVE: The impact of religious/spiritual activities on clinical outcomes in patients with serious mental illnesses remains controversial, which was addressed in this international cross-sectional study. METHOD: Three-hundred sixty-nine subjects were recruited from Austria (n = 189) and Japan (n = 180), consisting of 112 outpatients with paranoid schizophrenia, 120 with bipolar I disorder (DSM-IV), and 137 healthy controls. Religiosity was assessed in terms of attendance and importance of religious/spiritual activities, while resilience was assessed using the 25-item Resilience Scale...
November 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140945/a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-the-incidence-health-care-resource-utilization-and-costs-of-international-classification-of-diseases-clinical-modification-9th-revision-diagnosed-influenza-and-related-complications-in-us-children
#13
Philip O Buck, David M Smith, Rahul Shenolikar, Debra E Irwin
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the clinical and economic impact of seasonal influenza in children. This study estimated the incidence of diagnosed influenza and related complications and associated health care resource utilization and costs in US children. METHODS: Children ≥6 months and <18 years old diagnosed with influenza using International Classification of Diseases, Clinical Modification, 9th revision codes and enrolled in a health plan during at least one influenza season between 2010 and 2014 were matched to similar patients without diagnosed influenza (GSK study identifier: HO-15-15728)...
December 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140936/increased-kawasaki-disease-incidence-associated-with-higher-precipitation-and-lower-temperatures-japan-1991-2004
#14
Joseph Y Abrams, Jennifer L Blase, Ermias B Belay, Ritei Uehara, Ryan A Maddox, Lawrence B Schonberger, Yosikazu Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile vasculitis which primarily affects children. The etiology of KD is unknown: while certain characteristics of the disease suggest an infectious origin, genetic or environmental factors may also be important. Seasonal patterns of KD incidence are well-documented, but it is unclear whether these patterns are caused by changes in climate or by other unknown seasonal effects. METHODS: The relationship between KD incidence and deviations from expected temperature and precipitation were analyzed using KD incidence data from Japanese nationwide epidemiological surveys (1991-2004) and climate data from 136 weather stations of the Japan Meteorological Agency...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140772/role-of-patient-coping-strategies-in-understanding-the-effects-of-early-palliative-care-on-quality-of-life-and-mood
#15
Joseph A Greer, Jamie M Jacobs, Areej El-Jawahri, Ryan D Nipp, Emily R Gallagher, William F Pirl, Elyse R Park, Alona Muzikansky, Juliet C Jacobsen, Vicki A Jackson, Jennifer S Temel
Purpose The early integration of oncology and palliative care (EIPC) improves quality of life (QOL) and mood for patients with advanced cancer. However, the mechanisms by which EIPC benefits these outcomes remain unclear. We therefore examined whether EIPC improved patients' coping strategies and if changes in coping accounted for intervention effects on QOL and depressive symptoms. Patients and Methods For this secondary analysis of an EIPC trial, we examined data from 350 patients with newly diagnosed incurable lung or GI cancer...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140508/interactions-with-the-healthcare-system-influence-advance-care-planning-activities-results-from-a-representative-survey-in-11-developed-countries
#16
Alex Sable-Smith, Kelly R Arnett, Molly A Nowels, Kathryn Colborn, Hillary D Lum, David Nowels
Aim: To identify factors associated with completion of Advance Care Planning (ACP) by patients seen in primary care in developed countries. We hypothesized that the quality of primary care is associated. Method: We analysed respondent reported individual and healthcare utilization factors associated with the completion of ACP activities from the 2014 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey of Older Adults in 11 Countries. The primary outcome is the combined number of ACP activities completed...
November 13, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139130/less-cortical-thickness-in-patients-with-persistent-post-traumatic-headache-compared-with-healthy-controls-an-mri-study
#17
Catherine D Chong, Visar Berisha, Chia-Chun Chiang, Katherine Ross, Todd J Schwedt
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in cortical thickness in patients with persistent post-traumatic headache (PPTH) relative to healthy controls and to interrogate whether cortical morphology relates to headache burden (headache frequency, years with post-traumatic headache, PTH) in patients with PPTH. BACKGROUND: PTHs are one of the most common symptoms following concussion. In some patients, PTHs continue for longer than three months and are classified as PPTH...
November 15, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138800/broadleaf-mahonia-attenuates-granulomatous-lobular-mastitis%C3%A2-associated-inflammation-by-inhibiting-ccl%C3%A2-5-expression-in-macrophages
#18
Zhiyu Wang, Neng Wang, Xiaoyan Liu, Qi Wang, Biao Xu, Pengxi Liu, Huayu Zhu, Jianping Chen, Honglin Situ, Yi Lin
Granulomatous lobular mastitis (GLM) is a type of chronic mammary inflammation with unclear etiology. Currently systematic corticosteroids and methitrexate are considered as the main drugs for GLM treatment, but a high toxicity and risk of recurrence greatly limit their application. It is therefore an urgent requirement that safe and efficient natural drugs are found to improve the GLM prognosis. Broadleaf Mahonia (BM) is a traditional Chinese herb that is believed to have anti‑inflammatory properties according to ancient records of traditional Chinese medicine...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138362/infant-neuromotor-development-and-childhood-problem-behavior
#19
Fadila Serdarevic, Akhgar Ghassabian, Tamara van Batenburg-Eddes, Emin Tahirovic, Tonya White, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier
BACKGROUND: Research of adults and school-aged children suggest a neurodevelopmental basis for psychiatric disorders. We examined whether infant neuromotor development predicted internalizing and externalizing problems in young children. METHODS: In Generation R, a population-based cohort in the Netherlands (2002-2006), trained research assistants evaluated the neuromotor development of 4006 infants aged 2 to 5 months by using an adapted version of Touwen's Neurodevelopmental Examination (tone, responses, and senses and other observations)...
November 14, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137632/descriptive-study-of-interprofessional-collaboration-between-physicians-and-osteopaths-for-the-pediatric-population-in-quebec-canada
#20
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
BACKGROUND: Osteopathy is an increasingly popular healthcare approach that uses a wide variety of therapeutic manual techniques to address pain and somatic dysfunction. In Quebec, Canada, osteopathy is the complementary medicine most often recommended by family physicians. However, factors fostering the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between physicians and osteopaths are unknown. This study aimed to describe the current situation in terms of IPC among practitioners working with pediatric patients...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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