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Nutrition on critical care

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456363/inadvertent-central-arterial-catheterization-an-unusual-cause-of-ischemic-stroke
#1
Nakul Katyal, Amanda Korzep, Christopher Newey
Central venous catheter (CVC) insertion is extensively utilized in Intensive Care Units for evaluation of hemodynamic status, administration of intravenous drugs, and for providing nutritional support in critically ill patients. Unfortunately, CVC use is associated with complications including lung injury, bleeding, infection, and thrombosis. We present a patient with an acute ischemic stroke from an inadvertently placed CVC into the right common carotid artery. A 57-year-old male presented to our institution for left hemiplegia and seizures 2 days after a CVC was placed...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440285/nutrient-intake-in-the-first-two-weeks-of-life-and-brain-growth-in-preterm-neonates
#2
Juliane Schneider, Céline J Fischer Fumeaux, Emma G Duerden, Ting Guo, Justin Foong, Myriam Bickle Graz, Patric Hagmann, M Mallar Chakravarty, Petra S Hüppi, Lydie Beauport, Anita C Truttmann, Steven P Miller
BACKGROUND: Optimizing early nutritional intake in preterm neonates may promote brain health and neurodevelopment through enhanced brain maturation. Our objectives were (1) to determine the association of energy and macronutrient intake in the first 2 weeks of life with regional and total brain growth and white matter (WM) maturation, assessed by 3 serial MRI scans in preterm neonates; (2) to examine how critical illness modifies this association; and (3) to investigate the relationship with neurodevelopmental outcomes...
February 13, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430446/models-of-disuse-muscle-atrophy-therapeutic-implications-in-critically-ill-patients
#3
REVIEW
Esther Barreiro
Skeletal muscle weakness is common in the intensive care units (ICU). Approximately 50% of patients under mechanical ventilation for more than 7 days show signs of ICU-acquired muscle weakness. In these patients, muscle weakness may be the result of axonal polyneuropathy, myopathy or a combination of both. The commonest risk factors in patients with ICU-acquired weakness (AW) are the severity and duration of the systemic inflammatory response, duration of the stay in the ICU and of mechanical ventilation, hyperglycemia, hypoalbuminemia, parenteral nutrition, and administration of corticosteroids and of neuromuscular blocking agents...
January 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416148/assessment-of-malnutrition-and-enteral-feeding-practices-in-the-critically-ill-a-single-centre-observational-study
#4
Prashant P Verghese, Ashu Sara Mathai, Valsamma Abraham, Paramdeep Kaur
Background and Aims: Early identification of malnutrition among hospitalised patients is essential to institute appropriate patient-specific nutritional strategies. This study was conducted to evaluate the nutritional status of medical patients at admission to the adult intensive care unit (ICU) and to identify factors which prevent attainment of daily feeding goals in them. Methods: This was a 1 year prospective, observational study on 200 medical adult ICU patients...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413208/nutrition-options-in-critical-care-unit-patients
#5
REVIEW
Teresa D Welch
Critically ill patients have increased metabolic requirements and must rely on the administration of nutritional therapy to meet those demands. Yet, according to research almost half of all hospitalized patients are not fed, are underfed, or are malnourished while in the hospital. This article demonstrates the importance of early feedings in critical care unit, and the available options open to nurses supporting initiation and management of early feedings. Enteral nutrition has proven to be an important therapeutic strategy for improving the outcomes of critically ill patients and the critical care nurse plays an integral role in their success...
March 2018: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402370/-impact-of-permissive-underfeeding-versus-standard-enteral-feeding-on-outcomes-in-critical-patients-requiring-mechanical-ventilation-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Nianbin Ma, Mingfu Shen, Zhen Wan, Sijun Pan, Xian Liu, Zhongxiang Yao
OBJECTIVE: To compare the impact of permissive underfeeding versus standard enteral feeding on outcomes in critical patients requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. Eighty-two patients requiring MV admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Anji People's Hospital from January 2015 to March 2017 were enrolled, and they were randomly divided into the permissive underfeeding group (n = 40, non-protein heat was 52...
February 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394142/hypermetabolism-and-nutritional-support-in-sepsis
#7
John C Alverdy
BACKGROUND: Surgical metabolism has been a founding field of investigation in surgery without which the boundaries of critical care, trauma, and surgical oncology could not have advanced. Traditionally, understanding the shifts in electrolytes, carbohydrates, fats, and amino acids that could explain the rapidly evolving proteolysis after catabolic stress and tumor growth has been a major focus of research that led to our current approach to maintaining homeostasis over the course of major surgical intervention and injury...
February 2, 2018: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391121/safety-and-efficacy-of-electromagnetic-guided-bedside-placement-of-nasoenteral-feeding-tubes-versus-standard-placement
#8
Husam Shadid, Maureen Keckeisen, Ali Zarrinpar
Although enteral feeding in critically ill patients has been shown to be beneficial, reliable postpyloric placement of feeding tubes remains a challenge. The standard of care involves blind placement, frequently requiring multiple attempts, and radiographs. To evaluate the effect of electromagnetic-guided bedside placement in reducing time to establishment of feeding, lung placement, use of radiography, and cost, we initiated a prospective trial using electromagnetic-guided bedside placement and compared them to a retrospective cohort...
October 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384315/the-efficacy-of-parenteral-fish-oil-in-critical-illness-patients-with-sepsis-a-prospective-non-randomized-observational-study
#9
Wen-Si Li, Zhang-Zhang Chen, Yi-Jun Zheng, Ming Zhong, Jie-Fei Ma, Li-Zhen Xuan, Jie-Qiong Song, Qian-Zhou Lv, Du-Ming Zhu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical outcomes in septic patients receiving parenteral fish oil. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, non-randomized, observational clinical study was carried out in 112 patients with sepsis from March, 2013 to May, 2015 in the surgical intensive care unit (SICU) of a tertiaryreferral hospital. The patients were put into one of two groups; either the control or the study group. Patients received the standard treatment of sepsis based on guidelines in the control group...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377333/permissive-or-trophic-enteral-nutrition-and-full-enteral-nutrition-had-similar-effects-on-clinical-outcomes-in-intensive-care-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#10
REVIEW
Camila F A Silva, Simone G de Vasconcelos, Thales A da Silva, Flávia M Silva
The aim of this study was to systematically review the effect of permissive underfeeding/trophic feeding on the clinical outcomes of critically ill patients. A systematic review of randomized clinical trials to evaluate the mortality, length of stay, and mechanical ventilation duration in patients randomized to either hypocaloric or full-energy enteral nutrition was performed. Data sources included PubMed and Scopus and the reference lists of the articles retrieved. Two independent reviewers participated in all phases of this systematic review as proposed by the Cochrane Handbook, and the review was reported according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
January 26, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374489/stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-intensive-care-unit-patients-receiving-enteral-nutrition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Hui-Bin Huang, Wei Jiang, Chun-Yao Wang, Han-Yu Qin, Bin Du
BACKGROUND: Pharmacologic stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) is recommended in critically ill patients with high risk of stress-related gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. However, as to patients receiving enteral feeding, the preventive effect of SUP is not well-known. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate the effect of pharmacologic SUP in enterally fed patients on stress-related GI bleeding and other clinical outcomes. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane database from inception through 30 Sep 2017...
January 28, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358479/advocacy-for-improving-nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-to-support-childhood-development-and-adult-health
#12
Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, Michael K Georgieff
Maternal prenatal nutrition and the child's nutrition in the first 2 years of life (1000 days) are crucial factors in a child's neurodevelopment and lifelong mental health. Child and adult health risks, including obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, may be programmed by nutritional status during this period. Calories are essential for growth of both fetus and child but are not sufficient for normal brain development. Although all nutrients are necessary for brain growth, key nutrients that support neurodevelopment include protein; zinc; iron; choline; folate; iodine; vitamins A, D, B6, and B12; and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids...
January 22, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358002/the-effect-of-a-natural-food-based-tube-feeding-in-minimizing-diarrhea-in-critically-ill-neurological-patients
#13
Simone B Schmidt, Willibald Kulig, Ralph Winter, Antje S Vasold, Anette E Knoll, Jens D Rollnik
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Diarrhea has negative consequences for patients, health care staff and health care costs when neurological patients are fed enterally over long periods. We examined the effect of tube feeding with natural foods in reducing the number of fluid stool evacuations and diarrhea in critically ill neurological patients. METHODS: A multicenter, prospective, open-label and randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted at facilities in Germany specializing in early rehabilitation after neurological damage...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353120/phase-angle-assessment-in-critically-ill-cancer-patients-relationship-with-the-nutritional-status-prognostic-factors-and-death
#14
Tatiana Cathoud do Amaral Paes, Kátia Cansanção Correa de Oliveira, Patrícia de Carvalho Padilha, Wilza Arantes Ferreira Peres
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between phase angle (PA) and nutritional status and the prognostic significance of PA in critically ill cancer patients. METHODS: 31 patients that had been admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of a center on oncology were evaluated. Their PA was obtained from their bioelectrical impedance within 48 h of the ICU admission. The logistic regression analysis of Cox was used in order to identify the independent predictors of the outcomes...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351778/a-qualitative-analysis-of-men-s-involvement-in-maternal-and-child-health-as-a-policy-intervention-in-rural-central-malawi
#15
Elizabeth Mkandawire, Sheryl L Hendriks
BACKGROUND: Men's involvement in maternal and child health presents an opportunity for the advancement of maternal and child nutrition as men often play a key role in decision-making particularly regarding women's reproductive health. While most research on men's involvement in maternal and child health has focused on men's participation in antenatal care, this study focuses specifically on men's involvement in maternal and child nutrition. The purpose of the study is to explore how men's involvement is conceptualised in rural Central Malawi, highlighting the key factors influencing men's involvement in maternal and child health...
January 19, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351143/nutrition-in-the-icu-new-trends-versus-old-fashioned-standard-enteral-feeding
#16
Kristine W A C Koekkoek, Arthur R H van Zanten
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The narrative review aims to summarize the relevant studies from the last 2 years and provide contextual information to understand findings. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent ICU studies have provided insight in the pathophysiology and time course of catabolism, anabolic resistance, and metabolic and endocrine derangements interacting with the provision of calories and proteins.Early provision of high protein intake and caloric overfeeding may confer harm...
January 18, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341970/does-the-use-of-indirect-calorimetry-change-outcome-in-the-icu-yes-it-does
#17
Elisabeth De Waele, Patrick M Honoré, Manu L N G Malbrain
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent findings on metabolic monitoring and possible beneficial effects of an adequate nutrition therapy, based on indirect calorimetry as the golden standard to predict energy expenditure. RECENT FINDINGS: in the last decades, major steps are taken in the field of metabolism and nutrition, evolving from nutrition as a baseline support to a therapeutic intervention. The aspect of energy expenditure is of cardinal importance, and technical possibilities have impressively improved: from the first 'calorimetre' in 1789 to the new generation, clinical applicable indirect calorimeters and the high accuracy and easy use model reaching high technology readiness level [Oshima et al...
March 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335014/cost-effectiveness-study-of-early-versus-late-parenteral-nutrition-in-critically-ill-children-pepanic-preplanned-secondary-analysis-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Esther van Puffelen, Suzanne Polinder, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Pieter Jozef Wouters, Niek Bossche, Guido Peers, Sören Verstraete, Koen Felix Maria Joosten, Greet Van den Berghe, Sascha Cornelis Antonius Theodorus Verbruggen, Dieter Mesotten
BACKGROUND: The multicentre randomised controlled PEPaNIC trial showed that withholding parenteral nutrition (PN) during the first week of critical illness in children was clinically superior to providing early PN. This study describes the cost-effectiveness of this new nutritional strategy. METHODS: Direct medical costs were calculated with use of a micro-costing approach. We compared the costs of late versus early initiation of PN (n = 673 versus n = 670 patients) in the Belgian and Dutch study populations from a hospital perspective, using Student's t test with bootstrapping...
January 15, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324561/nursing-minimum-data-sets-for-documenting-nutritional-care-for-adults-in-primary-healthcare-a-scoping-review
#19
Sasja Jul Håkonsen, Preben Ulrich Pedersen, Merete Bjerrum, Ann Bygholm, Micah D J Peters
OBJECTIVE: To identify all published nutritional screening instruments that have been validated in the adult population in primary healthcare settings and to report on their psychometric validity. INTRODUCTION: Within health care, there is an urgent need for the systematic collection of nursing care data in order to make visible what nurses do and to facilitate comparison, quality assurance, management, research and funding of nursing care. To be effective, nursing records should accurately and comprehensively document all required information to support safe and high quality care of patients...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323761/chronic-critical-illness-application-of-what-we-know
#20
REVIEW
Martin D Rosenthal, Amir Y Kamel, Cameron M Rosenthal, Scott Brakenridge, Chasen A Croft, Frederick A Moore
Over the last decade, chronic critical illness (CCI) has emerged as an epidemic in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors worldwide. Advances in ICU technology and implementation of evidence-based care bundles have significantly decreased early deaths and have allowed patients to survive previously lethal multiple organ failure (MOF). Many MOF survivors, however, experience a persistent dysregulated immune response that is causing an increasingly predominant clinical phenotype called the persistent inflammation, immunosuppression, and catabolism syndrome (PICS)...
February 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
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