Read by QxMD icon Read


Prateek Agarwal, Christina E Sarris, Yehuda Herschman, Nitin Agarwal, Antonios Mammis
Schizophrenia is a chronic and progressive psychiatric disease that remains difficult to manage in the 21st century. Current medical therapies have been able to give reprieve and decrease incidence of psychotic episodes. However, as the disease progresses, patients can become ever more refractory to current pharmaceutical agents and the polypharmacy that is attempted in treatment. Additionally, many of these drugs have significant adverse effects, leaving the practitioner in a difficult predicament for treating these patients...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Thomas J Wilson, Kathleen E McCoy, Wajd N Al-Holou, Sergio L Molina, Matthew D Smyth, Stephen E Sullivan
OBJECTIVE The aim of this paper is to compare the accuracy of the freehand technique versus the use of intraoperative guidance (either ultrasound guidance or frameless stereotaxy) for placement of parietooccipital ventricular catheters and to determine factors associated with reduced proximal shunt failure. METHODS This retrospective cohort study included all patients from 2 institutions who underwent a ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting procedure in which a new parietooccipital ventricular catheter was placed between January 2005 and December 2013...
September 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
Venugopal Lalitha, Gopal Krushna Pal, Pravati Pal, Subash Chandra Parija, Sathish Babu Murugaiyan
Lesion of posterodorsal amygdala (PDA) has been known to produce hyperphagia and obesity in animal models. However, the influence of gender on food intake (FI), body weight (BW) and immunological parameters following PDA lesion is not yet known. The present work was carried out to study the effect of gender on the regulation of FI, BW and immunological parameters following lesions of PDA in albino Wistar rats. Twenty-four albino Wistar rats were divided equally into 2 groups - PDA group and control group - with 6 male and 6 female rats in each...
March 2016: Annals of Neurosciences
D Rueß, M Kocher, H Treuer, M I Ruge
The irradiation of tumors in the brain is challenging due to the proximity of radiation sensitive critical structures and the tumors to be treated. In addition, irradiation above a certain level can cause irreversible damage to nerve tissue. The irradiation of benign and malignant brain tumors requires precise techniques to preserve critical structures while simultaneously administering a high radiation dose for maximum effectiveness. Therefore, stereotaxy, as a subspecialty of neurosurgery, has developed various irradiation techniques, e...
July 8, 2016: HNO
Yislenz Narváez-Martínez, Sergio García, Pedro Roldán, Jorge Torales, Jordi Rumià
OBJECTIVE: To report a novel, accurate, and safe technique for deep brain electrode implantation to register brain electrical activity or SEEG, using frameless stereotaxy, neuronavigation assisted, and intraoperative CT-guided O-Arm(®) and the Vertek(®) articulated passive arm. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients implanted by this technique in Barcelona Hospital Clinic were included. A prospective evaluation was made of the accuracy of the technique, as well as complications, surgical time, length of stay, and short-term outcomes...
June 23, 2016: Neurocirugía
Jeffrey P Mullin, Saksith Smithason, Jorge Gonzalez-Martinez
SEEG is a method and technique which is used for accurate, invasive recording of seizure activity via three dimensional recordings. In epilepsy patients who are deemed appropriate candidates for invasive recordings, the decision to monitor is made between the subdural grids versus SEEG. Invasive neuromonitoring for epilepsy is pursued in patients with complex, medically refractory epilepsy. The goal of invasive monitoring is to offer resective surgery with the hope of allowing seizure freedom. SEEG's advantages include access to deep cortical structures, an ability to localize the epileptogenic zone (EZ) when subdural grids have failed to do so, and in patients with non-lesional extra-temporal epilepsies...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Yaser Maddahi, Kourosh Zareinia, Liu Shi Gan, Christina Sutherland, Sanju Lama, Garnette R Sutherland
The use of robotic technology in the surgical treatment of brain tumour promises increased precision and accuracy in the performance of surgery. Robotic manipulators may allow superior access to narrow surgical corridors compared to freehand or conventional neurosurgery. This paper reports values and ranges of tool-tissue interaction forces during the performance of glioma surgery using an MR compatible, image-guided neurosurgical robot called neuroArm. The system, capable of microsurgery and stereotaxy, was used in the surgical resection of glioma in seven cases...
2016: BioMed Research International
Jeeyeon Lee, Ho Yong Park, Jin Hyang Jung, Wan Wook Kim, Seung Ook Hwang, Taek Ju Kwon, Jin Ho Chung, Youngtae Bae
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic breast biopsy is a standard intervention for evaluation of "microcalcification-only" lesions. However, an expensive stereotactic device and radiologic expertise are necessary for this procedure. We herein report a non-stereotactic technique involving the combination of wire localization and vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (VABB) under ultrasound (US) guidance. METHODS: Twenty-two consecutive patients with category 3 or 4a microcalcification only as shown by mammography underwent the above-mentioned non-stereotactic combination method involving US-guided wire localization and VABB...
June 2016: Gland Surgery
Peter F Morgenstern, Scott Connors, Anne S Reiner, Jeffrey P Greenfield
OBJECTIVE: Ommaya reservoirs are used for administration of intrathecal chemotherapy and cerebrospinal fluid sampling. Ventricular catheter placement for these purposes requires a high degree of accuracy. Various options exist to optimize catheter placement. We analyze a cohort of patients receiving catheters using 2 different technologies. METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed on patients undergoing Ommaya reservoir placement between 2011 and 2014. Most procedures were assisted by either frameless stereotactic neuronavigation or fluoroscopic guidance with pneumoencephalogram...
September 2016: World Neurosurgery
Rachel Pruitt, Alexander Gamble, Karen Black, Michael Schulder, Ashesh D Mehta
OBJECTIVE Complications of laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) are underreported. The authors discuss how they have modified their technique in the context of technical and treatment-related adverse events. METHODS The Medtronic Visualase system was used in 49 procedures in 46 patients. Between 1 and 3 cooling catheters/laser fiber assemblies were placed, for a total of 62 implanted devices. Devices were placed using frameless stereotaxy (n = 3), frameless stereotaxy with intraoperative MRI (iMRI) (n = 9), iMRI under direct vision (n = 2), MRI alone (n = 1), or frame-based (n = 47) techniques...
June 3, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Rimal Hanif Dossani, Steven Carr, Gene Bolles, Razvan Balata, Bharat Guthikonda
The medical infrastructure of Iraqi Kurdistan, a semiautonomous region in the northern part of Iraq, lags disproportionately behind relative to the otherwise booming industrial advances of the region. Although neurosurgical training is available, the local population lacks trust in its own neurosurgeons. Medical facilities suffer from a lack of basic resources, such as high-speed drills, intracranial pressure monitoring, and stereotaxy to care for neurosurgical patients. Since 2012, American volunteer neurosurgeons have delivered lectures and mentored local neurosurgeons in performing neurosurgical procedures...
August 2016: World Neurosurgery
B Sarkar, A Pradhan, A Munshi
INTRODUCTION: Linear accelerator (Linac) based stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) using volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) has been used for treating small intracranial lesions. Recent development in the Linacs such as inbuilt micro multileaf collimator (MLC) and flattening filter free (FFF) beam are intended to provide a better dose conformity and faster delivery when using VMAT technique. This study was aimed to compare the dosimetric outcomes and monitor units (MUs) of the stereotactic treatment plans for different commercially available MLC models and beam profiles...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
Fernando Alonso, Jennifer Sweet, Jonathan Miller
OBJECTIVES: The Wada test is the gold standard for identification of the side of speech dominance but is associated with risk of angiography and requires patient cooperation. We report a method to verify speech laterality using implanted electrodes in patients undergoing stereo-encephalography (SEEG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four pediatric patients with frontal lobe drug-resistant epilepsy underwent implantation of multiple SEEG electrodes using framed stereotaxy to identify the epileptogenic zone, including electrodes placed bilaterally into the pars opercularis of each inferior frontal gyrus from a superior parasagittal entry point...
May 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Thierry Van den Bosch, Angelo Votino, Ann Cornelis, Lieselore Vandermeulen, Catherine Van Pachterbeke, Dominique Van Schoubroeck, Dirk Timmerman
The use of in vitro three-dimensional ultrasound examination with needle stereotaxis after hysterectomy is illustrated in a case of extensive adenomyosis. The quality of the images at in vitro ultrasonography was compared with the quality of the images obtained at the preoperative ultrasound examination. The ultrasound findings were compared with the macroscopical and the microscopical examination. This new approach helps in indicating the precise location of the preoperatively identified adenomyosis lesions to the pathologist...
March 23, 2016: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
Jody F Capitanio, Sara Camporesi, Alberto Franzin, Lina R Barzaghi, Piero Picozzi, Pietro Mortini
BACKGROUND: The specificity of imaging alone in diagnosing posterior fossa lesions is insufficient, hence the importance of biopsy for diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic purposes. Concerning the operative technique, many studies have demonstrated the superior safety of stereotactic biopsy over craniotomy and superior accuracy of frame-based systems over frameless ones as far as the posterior fossa is concerned; however versatile, frame-based instruments bear some intrinsic limitations in the positioning of frame in lower lesions mainly in short neck and kyphotic patients...
March 15, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
Benjamin Yim, M Reid Gooch, John C Dalfino, Matthew A Adamo, Tyler J Kenning
OBJECTIVE: Cerebrospinal fluid shunting can effectively lower intracranial pressure and improve the symptoms of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Placement of ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts in this patient population can often be difficult due to the small size of the ventricular system. Intraoperative adjuvant techniques can be used to improve the accuracy and safety of VP shunts for these patients. The purpose of this study was to analyze the efficacy of some of these techniques, including the use of intraoperative CT (iCT) and frameless stereotaxy, in optimizing postoperative ventricular catheter placement...
March 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
Nathan C Rowland, Suneil K Kalia, Lorraine V Kalia, Paul S Larson, Daniel A Lim, Krystof S Bankiewicz
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a complex neurodegenerative disorder that is currently managed using a broad array of symptom-based strategies. However, targeting its molecular origins represents the potential to discover disease-modifying therapies. Deep brain stimulation (DBS), a highly successful treatment modality for PD symptoms, addresses errant electrophysiological signaling pathways in the basal ganglia. In contrast, ongoing clinical trials testing gene and cell replacement therapies propose to protect or restore neuronal-based physiologic dopamine transmission in the striatum...
2016: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
Benjamin C Kennedy, Lauren T Brown, Ricardo J Komotar, Guy M McKhann
Ommaya reservoirs are an important surgical therapy for the chronic intrathecal administration of chemotherapy for patients with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis. Surgical accuracy is paramount in these patients with typically normal sized ventricles, and may be improved with stereotactic guidance. This paper aimed to review a large series of stereotactic Ommaya catheter placements, examining accuracy and complications. We conducted a retrospective review of 109 consecutive adult patients who underwent stereotactic Ommaya catheter placement for leptomeningeal carcinomatosis or central nervous system lymphoma at Columbia University Medical Center, USA, from 1998-2013...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Saurabh Sinha, Shabbar F Danish
The history of epilepsy surgery is generally noted to have begun in 1886 with Victor Horsley's first report of craniotomies for posttraumatic epilepsy. With increased understanding of brain function and development of electroencephalographic methods, nonlesional epilepsy began to be treated with resection in the 1950s. Methodological improvements and increased understanding of pathophysiology followed, and the advent of stereotaxy and ablative technology in the 1960s and 1970s heralded a new era of minimally invasive, targeted procedures for lesional and nonlesional epilepsy...
January 2016: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
Demitre Serletis, T Glenn Pait
In this paper the authors trace the history of early craniometry, referring to the technique of obtaining cranial measurements for the accurate correlation of external skull landmarks to specific brain regions. Largely drawing on methods from the newly emerging fields of physical anthropology and phrenology in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, basic mathematical concepts were combined with simplistic (yet at the time, innovative) mechanical tools, leading to the first known attempts at craniocerebral topography...
June 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"