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Stephanie Mifsud, Maureen Bezzina, Simon Paris
The use of suxamethonium in our case was uneventful and despite craniofacial anomalies, airway management was straightforward. This case illustrates that pediatric patients with trisomy 18, presenting with potentially acute life-threatening conditions and requiring emergency major surgery can be managed successfully with a multidisciplinary approach.
August 2016: Clinical Case Reports
I I Decuyper, D G Ebo, A P Uyttebroek, M M Hagendorens, M A Faber, C H Bridts, L S De Clerck, V Sabato
BACKGROUND: For many physicians, quantification of serum drug-specific IgE (sIgE) antibodies constitutes the first measure in the diagnostic approach of immediate drug hypersensitivity reactions (IDHR). AIM: To review the accuracy and limitations of the main drug-sIgE tests, especially those that are commercially available. METHODS: A literature search was conducted, using the key-words allergy, diagnosis, drugs, hypersensitivity, specific IgE antibodies; this was complemented by the authors' own experience...
September 1, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Hervé Delacour, Emmanuel Dedome, Sébastien Courcelle, Blandine Hary, Franck Ceppa
Butyrylcholinesterase (EC; BChE) is a sister enzyme of acetylcholinesterase. Though BChE lacks obvious physiological functions, it is of toxicological and pharmacological importance in detoxifying or catabolising ester-containing drugs. Furthermore, individuals deficient in BChE appear asymptomatic, apart from a heightened sensitivity to the muscle relaxants suxamethonium and mivacurium, two BChE substrates used as myorelaxant. Although many acquired conditions may affect BChE activity, BChE deficiency is mainly due to mutations in the BCHE gene (OMIM 177400)...
June 1, 2016: Annales de Biologie Clinique
Anca-Mirela Chiriac, Pascal Demoly
Allergy to neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) has been the first cause of perioperative anaphylaxis for decades, in most countries. The most frequently involved agents are suxamethonium and rocuronium. The allergy work-up is compulsory to demonstrate or rule out allergy to NMBAs, if there is a compatible clinical history. Doing otherwise exposes the patient to death if the same or related NMBA is re-injected. In cases of true allergy, assessing cross-reactivity to other NMBAs is mandatory. The cross-sensitization hypothesis is presently being investigated and if confirmed, it could allow primary prevention measures to be implemented...
September 2016: La Presse Médicale
Timothy Knowles, Rebecca Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
Tatsuo Kadoya, Hirofumi Uehara, Toshinori Yamamoto, Munehiro Shiraishi, Yuki Kinoshita, Takeshi Joyashiki, Kengo Enokida
Previously, we reported a case of brainstem cavernous hemangioma showing false positive responses to electromyographic tracheal tube (EMG tube). We concluded that the cause was spontaneous respiration accompanied by vocal cord movement. We report a case of left vertebral artery aneurysm showing evoked potentials on bilateral electrodes by the left vagus nerve stimulation to EMG tube. An 82-year-old woman underwent clipping of a left unruptured vertebral artery-posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm. General anesthesia was induced with remifentanil, propofol and suxamethonium, and was maintained with oxygen, air, remifentanil and propofol...
February 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Aihua Jiang, Huishan Zhao, Jun Cai, Wen G Jiang
BACKGROUND: Aggressive surgical removal of the primary tumour is the preferred treatment, but with tumour progression, some tumours cannot be completely removed surgically. Anaesthetics are administered to facilitate surgery. However, anaesthetics act as a potential factor in tumour recurrence or metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Normal breast cells and cancer breast cells were treated with different doses of muscle-relaxant anaesthetics. The effects on breast cancer cell invasion, adhesion and migration of these anaesthetics were then investigated using in vitro models...
March 2016: Anticancer Research
Alen Mathew, Anish N G Sharma, P Ganapathi, P Shankaranarayana, M Nazim, D S Aiyappa
AIMS: The present study is undertaken to compare the hemodynamic effects using vecuronium versus rocuronium for maintenance in patients undergoing general surgical procedures. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: It is a prospective, randomized, and cohort study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 100 patients were randomly divided into two groups. All patients were induced with 5 mg/kg of thiopentone sodium, and intubation conditions were achieved with 1.5 mg/kg of suxamethonium, using a well-lubricated cuffed endotracheal tube of appropriate size...
January 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
A Sajayan, J Wicker, N Ungureanu, C Mendonca, P K Kimani
BACKGROUND: The 'classical' technique of rapid sequence induction (RSI) of anaesthesia was described in 1970. With the introduction of new drugs and equipment in recent years, a wide variation in this technique has been used. The role of cricoid pressure is controversial because of the lack of scientific evidence. Moreover, gentle mask ventilation has been recommended in situations such as obesity and critically ill patients, to prevent hypoxaemia during the apnoeic period. In identifying multiple techniques, we conducted a national postal survey to establish the current practice of RSI in the UK...
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Rajesh Dhakne, Kshirod K Mishra, Vinay Kumar, Praveen Khairkar
Organophosphorus (OP) pesticides are commonly used in agricultural fields to control pests in India. However, exposure to it can cause poisoning in humans and animals, or it can be taken intentionally as poison to commit suicide. We present a case of a 35-year-old suicidal man who developed prolonged apnea for almost 4 hours on day 13 of OP poisoning after brief general anesthesia induced by propofol and 1 mg/kg of suxamethonium, during the first session of the third cycle of modified electroconvulsive therapy, despite all due precautions...
June 2016: Journal of ECT
Hiroyiki Sumikura, Hidetomo Niwa, Masaki Sato, Tatsuo Nakamoto, Takashi Asai, Satoshi Hagihira
In this review, we describe the current consensus surrounding general anesthetic management for cesarean section. For induction of anesthesia, rapid-sequence induction using thiopental and suxamethonium has been the recommended standard for a long time. In recent years, induction of anesthesia using propofol, rocuronium, and remifentanil have been gaining popularity. To prevent aspiration pneumonia, a prolonged preoperative fasting and an application of cricoid pressure during induction of anesthesia have been recommended, but these practices may require revision...
April 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Tatsuo Kadoya, Toshinori Yamamoto, Hirofumi Uehara, Yuki Kinoshita, Munehiro Shiraishi, Takeshi Joyashiki, Tomoko Watake, Kengo Enokida
Brainstem cavernous hemangioma is a complex lesion associated with hemorrhage and neurological deficit. The damage of the vagus nerve is a devastating surgical complication. Therefore, intraoperative anatomical and functional evaluation of this nerve is crucial. We used electromyographic tracheal tube (EMG tube)to monitor electromyogram from the vocal cord. We report a case of brainstem cavernous hemangioma showing false positive response to EMG tube. A 66-year-old woman underwent resection of cavernous hemangioma in the pontine tegmentum...
August 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
Peter Jones
Recent studies of atropine during critical care intubation (CCI) have revealed that neonates frequently experience bradycardia, are infrequently affected by ventricular arrhythmias and conduction disturbances and deaths have not been reported in a series of studies. The indiscriminate use of atropine is unlikely to alter the outcome during neonatal CCI other than reducing the frequency of sinus tachycardia. In contrast, older children experience a similar frequency of bradycardia to neonates and are more frequently affected by ventricular arrhythmias and conduction disturbances...
January 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Shoichi Okada, Kensuke Orito
INTRODUCTION: Many agents, including muscle relaxants, influence neuromuscular function. Although in vitro and in situ measurement systems of skeletal muscular contractility have been developed and in use for years, no convenient device and parameter are available to examine the time course of the acute effects of such agents on neuromuscular function in conscious mice. METHODS: We created a two-compartment device consisting of a transparent, wide, acrylic chamber with a foot shock grid, and an attached, opaque narrow tunnel to measure neuromuscular performance...
November 2015: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
P J Schuller, S Newell, P A Strickland, J J Barry
BACKGROUND: The bispectral index (BIS) monitor is a quantitative electroencephalographic (EEG) device that is widely used to assess the hypnotic component of anaesthesia, especially when neuromuscular blocking drugs are used. It has been shown that the BIS is sensitive to changes in electromyogram (EMG) activity in anaesthetized patients. A single study using an earlier version of the BIS showed that decreased EMG activity caused the BIS to decrease even in awake subjects, to levels that suggested deep sedation and anaesthesia...
July 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
J L Thomsen, C V Nielsen, D F Palmqvist, M R Gätke
BACKGROUND: Patients with butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) deficiency can experience prolonged paralysis after receiving suxamethonium or mivacurium. We hypothesized that patients suspected of BChE deficiency had a higher risk of being awakened while paralysed and having respiratory complications if neuromuscular monitoring was not applied before awakening. METHODS: We retrospectively included patients referred to the Danish Cholinesterase Research Unit between 2004 and 2012 on suspicion of BChE deficiency...
July 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
M S Raban, Y Joolay, A R Horn, M C Harrison
BACKGROUND: Intubation is a common neonatal procedure. Premedication is accepted as a standard of care, but its use is not universal and wide variations exist in practice. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate current practices for premedication use prior to elective neonatal intubation in South Africa (SA). METHOD: We invited 481 clinicians to participate in a cross-sectional web-based survey. RESULTS: We received responses from 28...
December 2014: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Vinod Bala Dhir, Anupama Gill Sharma, Mohandeep Kaur, Michell Gulabani
Here we present a case of high spinal blockade in a patient belonging to ASA Grade I which lead to need for endotracheal intubation. A 35 year old healthy male, weighing 59 kg, of height 165 cms presented with a post traumatic raw area over the left lower limb. A reverse sural graft along with skin grafting (from the thigh) was planned. In OR, the patient was placed in sitting position and the extradural space was identified by 'loss of resistance to air' technique at the L2-L3 intervertebral space. The catheter could not be threaded into the extradural space, hence 5ml of 0...
January 2015: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Shobhana Gupta, R Kirubahar
AIM: Intubating conditions after Suxamethonium, a time tested popular short acting depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent, and Rocuronium, a recently introduced intermediate acting non depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent, with Thiopentone as the sole induction agent, were compared in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients were divided into two groups, each consisting of 30 patients: group a patient's received Rocuronium bromide, 0.6 mg/kg and group B patients received Suxamethonium chloride 1...
January 2010: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Richard M Lyon, Zane B Perkins, Debamoy Chatterjee, David J Lockey, Malcolm Q Russell
INTRODUCTION: Rapid Sequence Induction of anaesthesia (RSI) is the recommended method to facilitate emergency tracheal intubation in trauma patients. In emergency situations, a simple and standardised RSI protocol may improve the safety and effectiveness of the procedure. A crucial component of developing a standardised protocol is the selection of induction agents. The aim of this study is to compare the safety and effectiveness of a traditional RSI protocol using etomidate and suxamethonium with a modified RSI protocol using fentanyl, ketamine and rocuronium...
2015: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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