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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899126/new-epidemiological-aspects-of-visceral-and-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-taza-morocco
#1
Maryam Hakkour, Asmae Hmamouch, Mohamed Mahmoud El Alem, Abdelkbir Rhalem, Fatima Amarir, Mohamed Touzani, Abderrahim Sadak, Hajiba Fellah, Faiza Sebti
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is considered among the main endemic diseases in Morocco. However, further knowledge about epidemiological aspects of this disease is needed in several provinces to plan control and preventive strategies to tackle the disease. The present study aims to determine the epidemiological aspect of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis in Taza Province from 2007-2014 and to identify the circulating species in this province. RESULTS: The temporal study from 2007 to 2014 showed that the number of cutaneous leishmaniasis cases increased since 2010...
November 29, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947187/mr-imaging-of-schmorl-s-nodes-imaging-characteristics-and-epidemio-clinical-relationships
#2
M Moustarhfir, B Bresson, P Koch, A Perozziello, G Barreau, E Schouman-Claeys, M-C Henry-Feugeas, P Ou, B Dallaudière
PURPOSE: The purpose of our prospective study was to assess the presentation of Schmorl's nodes (SN) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and investigate their possible association with demographic and clinical findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-three patients were prospectively included. Thirteen (3.9%) patients were excluded because of contraindication to MRI and/or Scheuermann's disease. The final study population included 320 patients. T1-weighted and short TI inversion recovery sequences were performed to assess SN prevalence, the vertebral level and their anatomical distribution in vertebra...
April 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26877338/p-041-epidemio-clinical-characteristics-of-resistant-hypertension
#3
I Bentebbaa, S Elkarimi, M Elhattaoui, L Bendriss, A Elkhatouri
OBJECTIFS: L'objectif de notre étude est de déterminer la fréquence de l'HTA résistante et de décrire ses aspects cliniques et thérapeutiques. MéTHODES: De janvier 2013 à avril 2015, nous avons inclus de manière consécutive les hypertendus suivis dans deux Centres Hospitaliers de la ville de Marrakech, sous traitement antihypertenseur à dose optimale et observants. Les patients dont la pression artérielle était non contrôlée (malgré une triple thérapie anti-hypertensive à dose optimale, comprenant un diurétique associé aux mesures hygiéno-diététiques) ont bénéficié d'une mesure ambulatoire de la tension artérielle...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25063002/cohort-profile-update-2004-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort-study-body-composition-mental-health-and-genetic-assessment-at-the-6-years-follow-up
#4
Iná S Santos, Aluísio J D Barros, Alicia Matijasevich, Roberta Zanini, Maria Aurora Chrestani Cesar, Fabio Alberto Camargo-Figuera, Isabel O Oliveira, Fernando C Barros, Cesar G Victora
This is an update of the 2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort profile, originally published in 2011. In view of the high prevalence of overweight and mental health problems among Brazilian children, together with the availability of state-of-the-art equipment to assess body composition and diagnostic tests for mental health in childhood, the main outcomes measured in the fifth follow-up (mean age 6.8 years) included child body composition, mental health and cognitive ability. A total of 3722 (90.2%) of the original mothers/carers were interviewed and their children examined in a clinic where they underwent whole-body dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), air displacement plethysmography and a 3D photonic scan...
October 2014: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24862047/prevalence-and-transmission-dynamics-of-schistosoma-haematobium-infection-in-a-rural-community-of-southwestern-ebonyi-state-nigeria
#5
N Ivoke, O N Ivoke, C D Nwani, F N Ekeh, C N Asogwa, C I Atama, J E Eyo
A twelve-month epidemio-ecological study on the prevalence, infection intensity, water contact and vector aspects of urinary schistosomiasis was conducted in a rural community of south-west Ebonyi State, Nigeria, using standard procedures, and involving 894 individuals (527, 58.9% males; and 367, 41.1% females). An overall community prevalence (15.3%) was established with more males (20.7%) than females (7.6%) being significantly positive for both micro-and macro-haematuria (χ² = 0.806; df = 1, p < 0.05)...
March 2014: Tropical Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24840377/estimating-the-burden-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-analysis-of-a-nationwide-korean-database
#6
Hye-Kyung Jung, Youn Hee Kim, Joo Yeon Park, Bo Hyoung Jang, Sun-Young Park, Mi-Hee Nam, Myung-Gyu Choi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) imposes a heavy economic burden. This study was to estimate the epidemio-logic features of IBS and to report the IBS burden for the first time in the Korean population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using the National Health Insurance (NHI) system database, which covers the entire pop-ulation of Korea. IBS was defined as diagnostic code -10 in adults with any outpatient clinic visits or hospitalization related to IBS...
April 30, 2014: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24729426/cohort-profile-update-the-1993-pelotas-brazil-birth-cohort-follow-up-visits-in-adolescence
#7
Helen Gonçalves, Maria Cf Assunção, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Isabel O Oliveira, Fernando C Barros, Cesar G Victora, Pedro C Hallal, Ana Mb Menezes
In this paper we update the profile of the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study, with emphasis on a shift of priority from maternal and child health research topics to four main categories of outcome variables, collected throughout adolescence: (i) mental health; (ii) body composition; (iii) risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs); (iv) human capital. We were able to trace 81.3% (n = 4106) of the original cohort at 18 years of age. For the first time, the 18-years visit took place entirely on the university premises, in a clinic equipped with state-of-the-art equipment for the assessment of body composition...
August 2014: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24467175/-invasive-meningococcal-disease-in-the-czech-republic-analysis-of-the-epidemiological-situation-and-vaccination-strategy-recommendations
#8
Pavla Křížová, Zuzana Vacková, Martin Musílek, Jana Kozáková
AIMS: Analysis of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) surveillance data including molecular epidemio-logy data. Vaccination strategy recommendations based on the current epidemiological situation of IMD in the Czech Republic and availability of meningococcal vaccines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: IMD surveillance data are compiled by the National Reference Laboratory for Meningococcal Disease (NRL) from routinely reported data and NRL data after clearing out duplicate data...
December 2013: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23785543/overview-of-influenza-virus-infections-in-kenya-past-present-and-future
#9
Duncan Mwangangi Matheka, Jolynne Mokaya, Marybeth Maritim
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that acute lower respiratory infections account for 4 million deaths per year. The rates are even higher in developing countries. Influenza, a virus causing respiratory infections, has widely been studied in developed countries. However, there is paucity of data on its epidemiology, seasonality and burden in most developing countries. In the contrary, Kenya (a developing country) has an elaborate national epidemio-surveillance network for influenza, where a lot of data is generated on the epidemiology and seasonality of influenza in Kenya and the East African region...
2013: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23716329/-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-a-study-of-18-cases
#10
Sana Chouk Friaa, Talel Badri, Houda Hammami, Rym Benmously, Hayet Marrak, Aschraf Debbiche, Incaf Mokhtar, Samy Fenniche
BACKGROUND: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is the most common mesenchymatous skin tumor. It is often diagnosed late because of its slow development and the lack of symptoms. AIM: To elucidate the epidemio-clinical characteristics of dermatofibrosarcoma in our study. methods: We report a retrospective study of 18 cases of DFS between 1989 and 2009. RESULTS: Mean age at diagnosis was 45.2 years. The average delay before consultation was 45...
May 2013: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23662725/surveillance-of-equine-influenza-viruses-through-the-respe-network-in-france-from-november-2005-to-october-2010
#11
L J Legrand, P-H Y Pitel, C J Marcillaud-Pitel, A A Cullinane, A M Couroucé, G D Fortier, F L Freymuth, S L Pronost
REASONS FOR PERFORMING THE STUDY: The Réseau d'Epidémio-Surveillance en Pathologie Equine (RESPE, the French epidemiological network for equine diseases) is a network for epidemio-surveillance of major equine diseases based around sentry veterinarians in France. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the contribution of RESPE to efficient surveillance of equine influenza virus (EIV) in France. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study...
November 2013: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23037884/erythroderma-a-clinical-and-prognostic-study
#12
Jun Li, He-Yi Zheng
BACKGROUND: Erythroderma is a rare skin disorder and studies on its causes and prognosis are rare in the literature. OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the clinical, laboratory and biopsy materials of 260 patients diagnosed with erythroderma who were treated in our department over an 11-year period. Patients were followed up to better understand the evolution of erythroderma. METHODS: This study was performed at our hospital between January 2001 and 2012 and included 260 patients with erythroderma...
2012: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22766499/-epidemiogic-and-clinical-profile-of-severe-pre-eclampsia-at-the-university-hospital-of-gabriel-tour%C3%A3
#13
B M Samaké, M Traoré, L Goita, M Niani, Y Traoré, I Teketé, A Diallo, A Dolo
AIMS: To determine the epidemio-clinical profile of severe pre-eclampsia. PATIENTS AND METHOD: It was about a transversal study done from November 2005 to juin 2006 at the teaching hospital Gabriel Touré. Were included pregnant women with severe pre-eclampsia. Statistical analysis compared the proportions and means, the proportions were compared using the chi (2 with) P < 0,05 considered significant. RESULTS: during the period of study, 130 cares of severe pré-eclamsia were brougthbto gether among 1667 pregnant women, which was 7,8 %...
2011: Le Mali Médical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22655078/professional-exposure-to-goats-increases-the-risk-of-pneumonic-type-lung-adenocarcinoma-results-of-the-ifct-0504-epidemio-study
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Delphine Lutringer-Magnin, Nicolas Girard, Jacques Cadranel, Caroline Leroux, Elisabeth Quoix, Vincent Cottin, Corinne Del Signore, Marie-Paule Lebitasy, Geneviève Cordier, Philippe Vanhems, Jean-François Mornex
Pneumonic-type lung adenocarcinoma (P-ADC) represents a distinct subset of lung cancer with specific clinical, radiological, and pathological features. Given the weak association with tobacco-smoking and the striking similarities with jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV)-induced ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma, it has been suggested that a zoonotic viral agent infecting pulmonary cells may predispose to P-ADC in humans. Our objective was to explore whether exposure to domestic small ruminants may represent a risk factor for P-ADC...
2012: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22631610/epidemiological-and-clinical-description-of-the-top-three-reportable-parasitic-diseases-in-a-canadian-community
#15
A Ravel, A Nesbitt, K Pintar, A Macarthur, H-L Wang, B Marshall, F Pollari
This study provides a comprehensive epidemio-clinical picture of sporadic, domestically acquired cases of amoebiasis, cryptosporidiosis and giardiasis in one Canadian community based on patient symptom, outcome and exposure data from an enhanced surveillance system. It yields valuable data for estimating the burden of those diseases including the proportion of bloody diarrhoea, hospitalization, and disease duration. Age differences were observed by incidence rate and for some clinical information and exposures to risk factors...
February 2013: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22481199/dermatologic-manifestations-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-tunisia
#16
Amel Mebazaa, Amina Aounallah, Narjess Naija, Rim Cheikh Rouhou, Lamia Kallel, Dalenda El Euch, Jalel Boubaker, Mourad Mokni, Azza Filali, Amel Ben Osman
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous manifestations are the most common extra intestinal manifestations associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). AIM: To assess the epidemio-clinical profile of skin manifestations in IBD. METHODS: A prospective and descriptive study was conducted. We have examined skin, mucosa, hair and nails, of all patients with an IBD during one year. RESULTS: One hundred-ninety-five patients were included...
March 2012: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22407622/-kaposi-s-sarcoma-epidemiological-clinical-anatomopathological-and-therapeutic-features-in-75-patients
#17
Ines Zaraa, Imen Labbene, Nadia El Guellali, Nissaf Ben Alaya, Mourad Mokni, Amel Ben Osman
BACKGROUND: Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a mutifocal angiogenic process characterized by cellular and vascular proliferation. AIM: To identify the epidemio-clinical, histological and therapeutic features of KS. METHODS: Retrospective study of 75 cases of KS at the dermatology department of Rabta hospital in Tunis during a period of 25 years (1982-2007). RESULTS: Three epidemio-clinical forms of KS were observed in our study: the classic KS (70 cases), the AIDS-related KS (4 cases) and the iatrogenic KS (1 case)...
February 2012: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22305133/-miliary-tuberculosis-in-mali-during-the-decade-2000-2009
#18
Y Toloba, S Diallo, Y Maïga, B F Sissoko, B Keïta
In order to describe the epidemio-clinical and evolutionary aspects of miliary tuberculosis (TB) in Mali, a retrospective study of 10 years (1 January 2000 to December 31, 2009) was conducted in the service of pneumo-phtisiology at the university hospital of point G. It concerned all patients with radiological images compatible with miliary TB, signs of bacillary impregnation, bacillus or not, treated with antituberculosis drugs. Of 3630 TB patients all forms recorded during the study period, 183 miliary were recorded (5%) including 117 men and 66 women...
February 2012: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22046780/-characteristics-of-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-infection-in-closed-communities
#19
C Nazare, Irina Girleanu, Camelia Cojocariu-Salloum, Anca Trifan
AIM: To determine the prevalence of HCV in closed communities and the relations between risk behavior and HCV infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The persons deprived of personal freedom selected for this study have filled out an epidemio logical questionnaire including identity and epidemiological data (detention history, evaluation of the risk factors), as well as a written consent. All the subjects were tested for the presence of anti-HCV antibodies. RESULTS: This study included 326 of the total of 500 persons deprived of personal freedoms at the Bacau Correctional Facility The prevalence of hepatitis B and C was 15...
July 2011: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21867469/skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-experience-over-a-five-year-period-and-clinical-usefulness-of-ultrasonography-guided-gun-biopsy-based-culture
#20
Ji Yun Noh, Hee Jin Cheong, Joon Young Song, Suk-Joo Hong, Jae Sung Myung, Won Suk Choi, Yu Mi Jo, Jung Yeon Heo, Woo Joo Kim
BACKGROUND: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are common clinical diseases, but only a few reports of microbiological data on SSTIs in Korea have been published. In practice, specimens are rarely obtained from infected lesions unless there is visible pus or an abscess pocket. However, identification of the causative pathogen is important, because of emerging drug resistance and the increase in immunocompromised hosts. METHODS: The medical records of 760 adult cases of community-acquired SSTIs (CA-SSTIs) from September 2003 to August 2008 were reviewed retrospectively...
December 2011: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
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