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Nutrition and preterm

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927927/-evaluation-of-a-modification-of-the-nutrition-policy-on-the-frequency-of-extrauterine-growth-retardation-in-premature-newborns-between-2012%C3%A2-and-2014
#1
A-S Pages, O Tandonnet, L Renesme
INTRODUCTION: Extrauterine growth restriction is associated with long-term effects on growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a change in nutritional policy on the postnatal growth of premature infants. METHOD: Prospective observational study carried out between 01/01/14 and 31/12/14 in all newborns under 33 weeks GA admitted to the Bordeaux University Hospital after modification of the nutrition policy at the beginning of January 2014...
September 16, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919116/global-regional-and-national-age-sex-specific-mortality-for-264-causes-of-death-1980-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#2
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends. METHODS: We estimated cause-specific deaths and years of life lost (YLLs) by age, sex, geography, and year...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915232/effects-of-early-nutrition-and-growth-on-brain-volumes-white-matter-microstructure-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-in-preterm-newborns
#3
Caterina Coviello, Kristin Keunen, Karina J Kersbergen, Floris Groenendaal, Alexander Leemans, Barbara Peels, Ivana Isgum, Max A Viergever, Linda S de Vries, Giuseppe Buonocore, Virgilio P Carnielli, Manon J N L Benders
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of nutrition and growth during the first 4 weeks after birth on cerebral volumes and white matter maturation at term equivalent age(TEA) and on neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years corrected age(CA), in preterm infants. METHODS: 131 infants born at a gestational age(GA)<31weeks with MRI at TEA were studied. Cortical gray matter volumes(CGM), basal ganglia and thalami(BGT) volumes, cerebellar volumes and total brain volume(TBV) were computed...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912010/first-week-weight-dip-and-reaching-growth-targets-in-early-life-in-preterm-infants
#4
Jorine A Roelants, Koen F M Joosten, Brigitte M A van der Geest, Jessie M Hulst, Irwin K M Reiss, Marijn J Vermeulen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Aggressive parenteral nutritional practices were implemented in clinical practice over a decade ago to prevent early growth retardation in preterm infants. We aimed to study adherence to current nutritional recommendations in a population of very preterm infants, and to evaluate growth in early life. METHODS: Preterm infants (gestational age <30 weeks and birth weight <1500 g) were included in a prospective observational cohort study. Data on parenteral and enteral intake were collected on days 1-7, 14, 21 and 28 (d28) of life...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904115/new-option-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list-allows-for-the-conversion-of-prevalence-of-small-for-gestational-age-and-preterm-births-to-prevalence-of-low-birth-weight
#5
REVIEW
Naoko Kozuki, Joanne Katz, Adrienne Clermont, Neff Walker
Background: The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) is a software model that estimates the health impact of scaling up interventions on maternal and child health. One of the outputs of the model is an estimation of births by fetal size [appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) or small-for-gestational-age (SGA)] and by length of gestation (term or preterm), both of which influence birth weight. LiST uses prevalence estimates of births in these categories rather than of birth weight categories, because the causes and health consequences differ between SGA and preterm birth...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904112/modeling-the-impact-of-nutrition-interventions-on-birth-outcomes-in-the-lives-saved-tool-list
#6
REVIEW
Rebecca Heidkamp, Adrienne Clermont, Erica Phillips
Background: Negative birth outcomes [small-for-gestational age (SGA) and preterm birth (PTB)] are common in low- and middle-income countries and have important subsequent health and developmental impacts on children. There are numerous nutritional and non-nutritional interventions that can decrease the risk of negative birth outcomes and reduce subsequent risk of mortality and growth faltering.Objective: The objective of this article was to review the current evidence for the impact of nutritional interventions in pregnancy [calcium supplementation, iron and folic acid supplementation, multiple micronutrient (MMN) supplementation, and balanced energy supplementation (BES)] and risk factors (maternal anemia) on birth outcomes, with the specific goal of determining which intervention-outcome linkages should be included in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) software...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899618/smell-and-taste-in-the-preterm-infant
#7
Frank H Bloomfield, Tanith Alexander, Mariana Muelbert, Friederike Beker
Olfaction and gustation are critical for the enjoyment of food but also have important metabolic roles, initiating the cephalic phase response that sets in train secretion of hormones important for metabolism and digestion before any food is actually ingested. Smell and taste receptors are functional in the fetus and there is evidence for antenatal learning of odours. Despite enteral nutrition and metabolism being major issues in the care of very preterm infants, often little consideration is given to the potential role of smell and taste in supporting these processes, or in the role they may have in encoding hypothalamic circuitry in a way that promotes healthy metabolism in the post‑neonatal period...
September 9, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898316/-risk-factors-and-biochemical-markers-in-metabolic-bone-disease-of-premature-newborns
#8
Alicia Montaner Ramón, Cristina Fernández Espuelas, Pilar Calmarza Calmarza, Segundo Rite Gracia, María Jesús Oliván Del Cacho
BACKGROUND: Metabolic bone disease (MBD) of prematurity is a complication of multifactorial aetiology, which has been increasing, due to progressive decrease in mortality of preterm newborns. The aim of the study was to analyze risk factors of severe MBD and its analytical markers. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Retrospective study involving preterm infants less than 32 weeks gestational age and/or weight less tan 1,500 g born between january 2012 and december 2014. Comparison was made according to the presence of severe MBD...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886707/health-outcomes-of-non-nutritive-sweeteners-analysis-of-the-research-landscape
#9
REVIEW
Szimonetta Lohner, Ingrid Toews, Joerg J Meerpohl
BACKGROUND: Food products containing non-nutritive sweeteners (NNSs) instead of sugar have become increasingly popular in the last decades. Their appeal is obviously related to their calorie-free sweet taste. However, with the dramatic increase in their consumption, it is reasonable and timely to evaluate their potential health benefits and, more importantly, potential adverse effects. The main aim of this scoping review was to map the evidence about health outcomes possibly associated with regular NNS consumption by examining the extent, range, and nature of research activity in this area...
September 8, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886230/lipoprotein-particle-concentration-measured-by-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-is-associated-with-gestational-age-at-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study
#10
Matthew R Grace, Catherine J Vladutiu, Rachel C Nethery, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, Tracy A Manuck, Amy H Herring, David Savitz, John T Thorp
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between lipoprotein particle concentrations in pregnancy and gestational age at delivery. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The study was conducted in the United States at the University of North Carolina. POPULATION: We assessed 715 women enrolled in the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition study from 2001-2005. METHODS: Fasting blood was collected at two time points (<20 weeks and 24-29 weeks gestation)...
September 8, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877031/genetic-associations-with-gestational-duration-and-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#11
Ge Zhang, Bjarke Feenstra, Jonas Bacelis, Xueping Liu, Lisa M Muglia, Julius Juodakis, Daniel E Miller, Nadia Litterman, Pan-Pan Jiang, Laura Russell, David A Hinds, Youna Hu, Matthew T Weirauch, Xiaoting Chen, Arun R Chavan, Günter P Wagner, Mihaela Pavličev, Mauris C Nnamani, Jamie Maziarz, Minna K Karjalainen, Mika Rämet, Verena Sengpiel, Frank Geller, Heather A Boyd, Aarno Palotie, Allison Momany, Bruce Bedell, Kelli K Ryckman, Johanna M Huusko, Carmy R Forney, Leah C Kottyan, Mikko Hallman, Kari Teramo, Ellen A Nohr, George Davey Smith, Mads Melbye, Bo Jacobsson, Louis J Muglia
Background Despite evidence that genetic factors contribute to the duration of gestation and the risk of preterm birth, robust associations with genetic variants have not been identified. We used large data sets that included the gestational duration to determine possible genetic associations. Methods We performed a genomewide association study in a discovery set of samples obtained from 43,568 women of European ancestry using gestational duration as a continuous trait and term or preterm (<37 weeks) birth as a dichotomous outcome...
September 21, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854319/slow-advancement-of-enteral-feed-volumes-to-prevent-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
REVIEW
Sam J Oddie, Lauren Young, William McGuire
BACKGROUND: Early enteral feeding practices are potentially modifiable risk factors for necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in very preterm or very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Observational studies suggest that conservative feeding regimens, including slowly advancing enteral feed volumes, reduce the risk of NEC. However, slow feed advancement may delay establishment of full enteral feeding and may be associated with metabolic and infectious morbidities secondary to prolonged exposure to parenteral nutrition...
August 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843241/does-adding-intravenous-phosphorus-to-parenteral-nutrition-has-any-effects-on-calcium-and-phosphorus-metabolism-and-bone-mineral-content-in-preterm-neonates
#13
Ali Mazouri, Nastaran Khosravi, Arash Bordbar, Nasrin Khalesi, Maryam Saboute, Pegah Taherifard, Marjan Mirzababaee, Mehran Ebrahimi
The use of parenteral nutritional supplementation of phosphorus may lead to exhibit higher plasma phosphate concentrations and less radiological features in premature neonates susceptible to osteopenia. The present study aimed to assess the beneficial effects of adding intravenous phosphorus to total parenteral nutrition (TPN) on calcium and phosphorus metabolism in preterm neonates by measuring bone mineral content. This open-labeled randomized clinical trial was conducted on premature neonates who were hospitalized at NICU...
June 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837121/diagnostic-approach-to-pulmonary-hypertension-in-premature-neonates
#14
REVIEW
Vasantha H S Kumar
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a form of chronic lung disease in premature infants following respiratory distress at birth. With increasing survival of extremely low birth weight infants, alveolar simplification is the defining lung characteristic of infants with BPD, and along with pulmonary hypertension, increasingly contributes to both respiratory morbidity and mortality in these infants. Growth restricted infants, infants born to mothers with oligohydramnios or following prolonged preterm rupture of membranes are at particular risk for early onset pulmonary hypertension...
August 24, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836343/addressing-barriers-to-maternal-nutrition-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-review-of-the-evidence-and-programme-implications
#15
REVIEW
Justine A Kavle, Megan Landry
Adequate maternal nutrition during the "first 1,000 days" window is critical from conception through the first 6 months of life to improve nutritional status and reduce the risk of poor birth outcomes, such as low birthweight and preterm birth. Unfortunately, many programmes have targeted implementation and monitoring of nutrition interventions to infants and young children, rather than to women during pregnancy or post-partum. A literature review was conducted to identify barriers to food choice and consumption during pregnancy and lactation and to examine how low- and middle-income countries have addressed maternal nutrition in programmes...
August 24, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833725/nutritional-intake-and-growth-velocity-in-preterm-extremely-low-birthweight-infants-in-asia-are-we-doing-enough
#16
Shilpee Raturi, Qishi Zheng, Lourdes M Daniel, Luming Shi, Victor S Rajadurai, Pratibha K Agarwal
AIM: To describe nutritional practices among preterm extremely low-birthweight (ELBW) infants and their impact on growth and to compare differences in nutritional intervention and comorbidities between those with limited growth velocity (GV < 25th percentile) and those with GV > 25th percentile. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted to assess total protein and energy intake for week 1, days 14, 21 and 28 of life. Post-natal growth was calculated by measuring GV using an exponential model...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829405/probiotics-prevent-late-onset-sepsis-in-human-milk-fed-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Arianna Aceti, Luca Maggio, Isadora Beghetti, Davide Gori, Giovanni Barone, Maria Luisa Callegari, Maria Pia Fantini, Flavia Indrio, Fabio Meneghin, Lorenzo Morelli, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti, Luigi Corvaglia
Growing evidence supports the role of probiotics in reducing the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis, time to achieve full enteral feeding, and late-onset sepsis (LOS) in preterm infants. As reported for several neonatal clinical outcomes, recent data have suggested that nutrition might affect probiotics' efficacy. Nevertheless, the currently available literature does not explore the relationship between LOS prevention and type of feeding in preterm infants receiving probiotics. Thus, the aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of probiotics for LOS prevention in preterm infants according to type of feeding (exclusive human milk (HM) vs...
August 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820869/necrotizing-enterocolitis-and-high-intestinal-iron-uptake-due-to-genetic-variants
#18
Wolfgang Göpel, Josephine Drese, Tanja K Rausch, Nele Twisselmann, Bettina Bohnhorst, Andreas Müller, Axel Franz, Andreas Ziegler, Christoph Härtel, Egbert Herting
BACKGROUND: Intestinal iron is a nutritional compound, which is essential for enteric microbiota. We evaluated the hypothesis that polymorphisms which are known modifiers of intestinal iron uptake in adults are associated with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. METHODS: Preterm infants (birth weight below 1,500 grams) were studied. Single nucleotide polymorphisms with known effects on serum iron levels (rs1800562, rs1799945, rs855791) were determined by polymerase chain reaction...
August 18, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818488/education-for-wic-peer-counselors-about-breastfeeding-the-late-preterm-infant
#19
Cindi Faith Bennett, Cynthia Galloway, Jane S Grassley
Mothers of late preterm infants need ongoing support because they often find establishing breastfeeding (BF) to be complex and difficult. Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children peer counselors provide BF information and emotional support to new mothers in many communities. However, their current training does not include education about BF for the late preterm infant. The purpose of this report is to present important information about BF and the late preterm infant that can enhance peer counselors' ability to offer appropriate support...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818034/utility-of-hepatobiliary-scintigraphy-in-diagnosing-or-excluding-biliary-atresia-in-premature-neonates-and-full-term-infants-with-conjugated-hyperbilirubinemia-who-received-parenteral-nutrition
#20
Karine Barseghyan, Rangasamy Ramanathan, Thomas Chavez, Susan Harlan, Chuan-Hao Lin, Tania Mitsinikos, Claire McLean
PURPOSE: Hepatobiliary scintigraphy (HBS) is used to aid in the diagnosis of Biliary Atresia in full-term infants with conjugated hyperbilirubinemia. There is little information on the utility of the HBS in premature infants with conjugated hyperbilirubinemia and infants with parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis (PNAC). The purpose of this study is to assess the utility of HBS in differentiating Biliary Atresia and PNAC in premature neonates and full-term infants who received parenteral nutrition (PN)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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