keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrition and preterm

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350662/high-protein-intake-in-human-maternal-milk-fortification-for-%C3%A2-1250-gr-infants-intrahospital-growth-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-at-two-years
#1
Augusto Biasini, Fiorella Monti, Maria Chiara Laguardia, Marcello Stella, Lucia Marvulli, Erica Neri
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Extrauterine growth restriction and failure to thrive remain a major problem in Extremely Low Birth Weight infants. Nutritional support in preterm babies has the objective to improve the achieve rate of growth similar to those of the fetus in utero at the equivalent gestational age. The aim of the study was to evaluate feeding tolerance, intrahospital growth, neurological outcome and anthropometric data until 24 months of corrected age (mca) from different protein intake assumed by preterm babies <1250 g during their stay in NICU...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317419/cohort-profile-effect-of-malaria-in-early-pregnancy-on-fetal-growth-in-benin-recipal-preconceptional-cohort
#2
Manfred Accrombessi, Emmanuel Yovo, Gilles Cottrell, Gino Agbota, Agnès Gartner, Yves Martin-Prevel, Nadia Fanou-Fogny, Diane Djossinou, Jennifer Zeitlin, Nicaise Tuikue-Ndam, Florence Bodeau-Livinec, Sandrine Houzé, Nicola Jackson, Paul Ayemonna, Achille Massougbodji, Michel Cot, Nadine Fievet, Valérie Briand
PURPOSE: REtard de Croissance Intra-uterin et PALudisme (RECIPAL) is an original preconceptional cohort designed to assess the consequences of malaria during the first trimester of pregnancy, which is a poorly investigated period in Africa and during which malaria may be detrimental to the fetus. PARTICIPANTS: For this purpose, a total of 1214 women of reproductive age living in Sô-Ava and Akassato districts (south Benin) were followed up monthly from June 2014 to December 2016 until 411 of them became pregnant...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316931/nutritional-adequacy-of-a-novel-human-milk-fortifier-from-donkey-milk-in-feeding-preterm-infants-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Alessandra Coscia, Enrico Bertino, Paola Tonetto, Chiara Peila, Francesco Cresi, Sertac Arslanoglu, Guido E Moro, Elena Spada, Silvano Milani, Marzia Giribaldi, Sara Antoniazzi, Amedeo Conti, Laura Cavallarin
BACKGROUND: Fortification of human milk is a standard practice for feeding very low birth weight infants. However, preterm infants often still experience suboptimal growth and feeding intolerance. New fortification strategies and different commercially available fortifiers have been developed. Commercially available fortifiers are constituted by a blend of ingredients from different sources, including plant oils and bovine milk proteins, thus presenting remarkable differences in the quality of macronutrients with respect to human milk...
January 9, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306493/delivery-room-resuscitation-and-short-term-outcomes-in-moderately-preterm-infants
#4
Monika Bajaj, Girija Natarajan, Seetha Shankaran, Myra Wyckoff, Abbot R Laptook, Edward F Bell, Barbara J Stoll, Waldemar A Carlo, Betty R Vohr, Shampa Saha, Krisa P Van Meurs, Pablo J Sanchez, Carl T D'Angio, Rosemary D Higgins, Abhik Das, Nancy Newman, Michele C Walsh
OBJECTIVES: To describe the frequency and extent of delivery room resuscitation and evaluate the association of delivery room resuscitation with neonatal outcomes in moderately preterm (MPT) infants. STUDY DESIGN: This was an observational cohort study of MPT infants delivered at 290/7 to 336/7 weeks' gestational age (GA) enrolled in the Neonatal Research Network MPT registry. Infants were categorized into 5 groups based on the highest level of delivery room intervention: routine care, oxygen and/or continuous positive airway pressure, bag and mask ventilation, endotracheal intubation, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation including chest compressions and/or epinephrine use...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301912/monitoring-the-postnatal-growth-of-preterm-infants-a-paradigm-change
#5
REVIEW
Jose Villar, Francesca Giuliani, Fernando Barros, Paola Roggero, Irma Alejandra Coronado Zarco, Maria Albertina S Rego, Roseline Ochieng, Maria Lorella Gianni, Suman Rao, Ann Lambert, Irina Ryumina, Carl Britto, Deepak Chawla, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Syed Rehan Ali, Jane Hirst, Jagjit Singh Teji, Karim Abawi, Jacqueline Asibey, Josephine Agyeman-Duah, Kenny McCormick, Enrico Bertino, Aris T Papageorghiou, Josep Figueras-Aloy, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Stephen Kennedy
There is no consensus regarding how the growth of preterm infants should be monitored or what constitutes their ideal pattern of growth, especially after term-corrected age. The concept that the growth of preterm infants should match that of healthy fetuses is not substantiated by data and, in practice, is seldom attained, particularly for very preterm infants. Hence, by hospital discharge, many preterm infants are classified as postnatal growth-restricted. In a recent systematic review, 61 longitudinal reference charts were identified, most with considerable limitations in the quality of gestational age estimation, anthropometric measures, feeding regimens, and how morbidities were described...
January 4, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298359/compatibility-of-intravenous-ibuprofen-with-lipids-and-parenteral-nutrition-for-use-as-a-continuous-infusion
#6
Jowell Garcia, Alka Garg, Yunmei Song, Ambados Fotios, Chad Andersen, Sanjay Garg
There is increasing interest to administer ibuprofen as a continuous infusion instead of a traditional bolus for treating Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA). However, its compatibility data with commonly used drugs in the neonatal period, including parenteral nutrition (PN) and lipids is unavailable. The aim is to determine the compatibility of intravenous ibuprofen lysine with various ANZNN parenteral nutrition consensus group standard neonatal PN formulations and lipids. The PN and lipid solutions used in a tertiary neonatal unit were obtained...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289790/effect-of-early-nutritional-intake-on-long-term-growth-and-bone-mineralization-of-former-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#7
V Christmann, M E van der Putten, L Rodwell, K Steiner, M Gotthardt, J B van Goudoever, A F J van Heijst
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are at risk for impaired bone mineralization and growth in length later in life due to inadequate nutritional intake in the early postnatal period. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether increased nutritional supplementation of calcium, phosphate and protein in Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) infants during the first 14days after birth was associated with improvement in length and bone development until 9-10years of age. DESIGN: Observational follow-up study of VLBW infants (birth weight<1500g or gestational age<32weeks) born in two consecutive years (eligible infants: 2004 n: 63 and 2005: n: 66)...
December 28, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286933/clinical-and-nutritional-outcomes-of-two-liquid-human-milk-fortifiers-for-premature-infants
#8
Shabnam Lainwala, Natalia Kosyakova, Ann Marie Spizzoucco, Victor Herson, Elizabeth A Brownell
BACKGROUND: In preterm infants fortification of human milk with human milk fortifiers (HMF) to optimize nutrition and growth is standard practice. We compared clinical, nutrition and growth outcomes in infants receiving two types of liquid HMF (LHMF). METHODS: Clinical, nutrition and growth outcomes were compared between infants admitted to a level IV NICU, and born with birth weight less than or equal to 1800 grams, between 10/1/2014-12/31/2014 and received human milk with acidified LHMF (ALHMF) and between 1/1/2015-4/31/2015 and received human milk with heat treated LHMF (HTLHMF)...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286927/carnitine-deficiency-in-preterm-infants-a-national-survey-of-knowledge-and-practices
#9
M A Clark, R E K Stein, Ellen J Silver, Sabeen Khalid, M Fuloria, N V Esteban-Cruciani
OBJECTIVE: Lipid supplementation improves developmental outcomes in preterm infants. Carnitine is essential for lipid metabolism; however, despite high risk for carnitine deficiency, there are no standards for carnitine supplementation in preterm infants receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Our objective was to assess knowledge, beliefs and practices regarding preterm carnitine deficiency and supplementation among neonatal practitioners. METHODS: Cross-sectional electronic survey administered via a nationally representative listserv of neonatal practitioners...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280369/characteristics-of-the-regional-human-milk-bank-in-poland-donors-recipients-and-nutritional-value-of-human-milk
#10
Olga Barbarska, Monika Zielińska, Beata Pawlus, Aleksandra Wesołowska
Background: In case of shortage of breast milk despite proper lactation care or the poor state of the mother’s health, breast milk from human milk bank is recommended for feeding preterm infants Objective: This study retrospectively evaluated the first year of the operation of the Regional Human Milk Bank Material and methods: Data concerning donors was collected in the human milk bank during the cooperation. The clinical characteristics of the recipients was made on the basis of medical documentation from the Holy Family Hospital in Warsaw, Poland...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273309/the-satisfactory-growth-and-development-at-2-years-of-age-of-the%C3%A2-intergrowth-21st-fetal-growth-standards-cohort-support-its%C3%A2-appropriateness-for-constructing-international-standards
#11
José Villar, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Eleonora Staines Urias, Francesca Giuliani, Eric O Ohuma, Cesar G Victora, Aris T Papageorghiou, Douglas G Altman, Cutberto Garza, Fernando C Barros, Fabien Puglia, Roseline Ochieng, Yasmin A Jaffer, Julia A Noble, Enrico Bertino, Manorama Purwar, Ruyan Pang, Ann Lambert, Cameron Chumlea, Alan Stein, Michelle Fernandes, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Stephen H Kennedy
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends that human growth should be monitored with the use of international standards. However, in obstetric practice, we continue to monitor fetal growth using numerous local charts or equations that are based on different populations for each body structure. Consistent with World Health Organization recommendations, the INTERGROWTH-21st Project has produced the first set of international standards to date pregnancies; to monitor fetal growth, estimated fetal weight, Doppler measures, and brain structures; to measure uterine growth, maternal nutrition, newborn infant size, and body composition; and to assess the postnatal growth of preterm babies...
December 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245039/prenatal-arsenic-exposure-child-marriage-and-pregnancy-weight-gain-associations-with-preterm-birth-in-bangladesh
#12
Mohammad L Rahman, Molly L Kile, Ema G Rodrigues, Linda Valeri, Anita Raj, Maitreyi Mazumdar, Golam Mostofa, Quazi Quamruzzaman, Mahmudur Rahman, Russ Hauser, Andrea Baccarelli, Liming Liang, David C Christiani
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a disease of multifactorial etiologies that has environmental, social, and maternal health components. Individual studies have shown that exposure to arsenic contaminated drinking water, child marriage, and low maternal weight gain during pregnancy contribute to preterm birth. These factors are highly prevalent and often co-exist in Bangladesh, a country in South Asia with one of the world's highest prevalences of preterm birth. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the individual and interactive effects of prenatal arsenic exposure, child marriage, and pregnancy weight gain on preterm birth in a prospective birth cohort in Bangladesh...
December 12, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240511/meeting-the-nutritional-needs-of-premature-babies-their-future-is-in-our-hands
#13
Arieh Riskin
The goals of early nutrition in preterm infants are to provide all the necessary vital nutrients, achieve extra-uterine growth rates similar to fetuses of the same gestational age, and support functional neurodevelopmental outcomes that are comparable to those of infants born at term. It is vital to provide nutrition that will maximally support brain growth and development, but over-feeding with accelerated growth, fat accumulation and long-term metabolic consequences should also be avoided. Because the morbidity associated with prematurity increases nutritional and energetic demands, the basic approach is of providing early intensive nutrition...
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240507/neonatal-jaundice-aetiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#14
Subhabrata Mitra, Janet Rennie
A significant proportion of term and preterm infants develop neonatal jaundice. Jaundice in an otherwise healthy term infant is the most common reason for readmission to hospital. Jaundice is caused by an increase in serum bilirubin levels, largely as a result of breakdown of red blood cells. Bilirubin is conveyed in the blood as 'unconjugated' bilirubin, largely bound to albumin. The liver converts bilirubin into a conjugated form which is excreted in the bile. Very high levels of unconjugated bilirubin are neurotoxic...
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239827/factors-affecting-body-composition-in-preterm-infants-assessment-techniques-and-nutritional-interventions
#15
REVIEW
K Strydom, E Van Niekerk, M A Dhansay
Limited research has been conducted that elucidates the growth and body composition of preterm infants. It is known that these infants do not necessarily achieve extra-utero growth rates and body composition similar to those of their term counterparts. Preterm infants, who have difficulty in achieving these growth rates, could suffer from growth failure. These infants display an increased intra-abdominal adiposity and abnormal body composition when they achieve catch-up growth. These factors affect the quality of weight gain, as these infants are not only shorter and lighter than term infants, they also have more fat mass (FM) and less fat-free mass (FFM), resulting in a higher total fat percentage...
October 28, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234596/exploring-the-multiple-hit-hypothesis-of-preterm-white-matter-damage-using-diffusion-mri
#16
Madeleine L Barnett, Nora Tusor, Gareth Ball, Andrew Chew, Shona Falconer, Paul Aljabar, Jessica A Kimpton, Nigel Kennea, Mary Rutherford, A David Edwards, Serena J Counsell
Background: Preterm infants are at high risk of diffuse white matter injury and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. The multiple hit hypothesis suggests that the risk of white matter injury increases with cumulative exposure to multiple perinatal risk factors. Our aim was to test this hypothesis in a large cohort of preterm infants using diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI). Methods: We studied 491 infants (52% male) without focal destructive brain lesions born at < 34 weeks, who underwent structural and dMRI at a specialist Neonatal Imaging Centre...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228972/impact-of-prematurity-and-nutrition-on-the-developing-gut-microbiome-and-preterm-infant-growth
#17
Alex Grier, Xing Qiu, Sanjukta Bandyopadhyay, Jeanne Holden-Wiltse, Haeja A Kessler, Ann L Gill, Brooke Hamilton, Heidie Huyck, Sara Misra, Thomas J Mariani, Rita M Ryan, Lori Scholer, Kristin M Scheible, Yi-Horng Lee, Mary T Caserta, Gloria S Pryhuber, Steven R Gill
BACKGROUND: Identification of factors that influence the neonatal gut microbiome is urgently needed to guide clinical practices that support growth of healthy preterm infants. Here, we examined the influence of nutrition and common practices on the gut microbiota and growth in a cohort of preterm infants. RESULTS: With weekly gut microbiota samples spanning postmenstrual age (PMA) 24 to 46 weeks, we developed two models to test associations between the microbiota, nutrition and growth: a categorical model with three successive microbiota phases (P1, P2, and P3) and a model with two periods (early and late PMA) defined by microbiota composition and PMA, respectively...
December 11, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217722/successfully-implementing-and-embedding-guidelines-to-improve-the-nutrition-and-growth-of-preterm-infants-in-neonatal-intensive-care-a-prospective-interventional-study
#18
Mark J Johnson, Alison A Leaf, Freya Pearson, Howard W Clark, Borislav D Dimitrov, Catherine Pope, Carl R May
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to improve the nutritional care of preterm infants by developing a complex (multifaceted) intervention intended to translate current evidence into practice. We used the sociological framework of Normalization Process Theory (NPT), to guide implementation in order to embed the new practices into routine care. DESIGN: A prospective interventional study with a before and after methodology. PARTICIPANTS: Infants <30 weeks gestation or <1500 g at birth...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216029/disparities-in-hospital-reported-breast-milk-use-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-united-states-2015
#19
Ellen O Boundy, Cria G Perrine, Jennifer M Nelson, Heather C Hamner
Breast milk is the recommended nutrition for infants. For preterm infants, when mother's milk is not available, pasteurized donor milk is recommended (1). Non-Hispanic black mothers are at increased risk for having a preterm birth and for not breastfeeding (2,3); however, it is not known whether demographic disparities exist in the use of breast milk in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Data from CDC's 2015 Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC) survey, which does not collect patient-level demographics, were linked to the 2011-2015 U...
December 8, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212397/growth-and-neurodevelopment-in-very-preterm-infants-receiving-a-high-enteral-volume-feeding-regimen-a-population-based-cohort-study
#20
Claus Klingenberg, Fredrik Kragh Muraas, Catherine Elde Isaksen, Tina Nilsen, Marte Torgersen, Cecilie Melum-Hansen
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate a feeding regimen routinely providing >180 ml/kg/d fortified human milk to very preterm infants and impact on in-hospital growth, osteopenia, and neurodevelopment. METHOD: Retrospective population-based descriptive study of infants <30-week gestation admitted within 24 h of birth and discharged during the 6-year period 2005-2010. Growth and neurodevelopment was assessed until 2 years corrected age, and cerebral palsy up to 4 years corrected age Results: Ninety-nine infants below 30-week gestation were admitted within 24 h of birth during the 6-year period, of which 84 (85%) survived to discharge...
December 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
keyword
keyword
66240
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"