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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941394/ceftolozane-tazobactam-activity-against-drug-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-causing-healthcare-associated-infections-in-latin-america-report-from-an-antimicrobial-surveillance-program-2013-2015
#1
Michael A Pfaller, Dee Shortridge, Helio S Sader, Ana Gales, Mariana Castanheira, Robert K Flamm
This study evaluated the in vitro activity of ceftolozane-tazobactam and comparator agents tested against Latin American isolates of Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa from patients with healthcare-associated infection (HAI). Ceftolozane-tazobactam is an antipseudomonal cephalosporin combined with a well-established β-lactamase inhibitor. A total of 2415 Gram-negative organisms (537 P. aeruginosa and 1878 Enterobacteriaceae) were consecutively collected in 12 medical centers located in four Latin American countries...
September 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935433/intersectorality-and-social-participation-as-coping-policies-for-health-inequities-worldwide
#2
Regina Celia Fiorati, Ricardo A Arcêncio, Javier Segura Del Pozo, Milagros Ramasco-Gutiérrez, Pilar Serrano-Gallardo
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact that intersectoral policies and social participation, implemented worldwide, have had on the modification of the social determinants for health and on the reduction of social health inequities. METHOD: A scoping review of the literature published in the period 2005-2015 was performed. The literature search was conducted on PubMed and Scielo databases. Two researchers reviewed each document. Data were analysed according to the intersectoral action and social participation variables and according to the theoretical frameworks of the Social Determinants Model of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH) and the theoretical constructs of Social Capital (SC) and Life Course (LC)...
September 18, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935034/persistence-with-dabigatran-therapy-at-2%C3%A2-years-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#3
Miney Paquette, Lionel Riou França, Christine Teutsch, Hans-Christoph Diener, Shihai Lu, Sergio J Dubner, Chang Sheng Ma, Kenneth J Rothman, Kristina Zint, Jonathan L Halperin, Menno V Huisman, Gregory Y H Lip, Robby Nieuwlaat
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend long-term oral anticoagulation therapy for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Treatment discontinuation rates in vitamin K antagonist (VKA)-treated patients are high but may be lower with non-VKA oral anticoagulant agents. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to describe and explore predictors of dabigatran etexilate persistence in patients with newly diagnosed AF over 2 years of follow-up. METHODS: Consecutive patients newly diagnosed with AF and ≥1 stroke risk factor were followed up for 2 years...
September 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934200/ten-simple-rules-for-successfully-completing-a-graduate-degree-in-latin-america
#4
EDITORIAL
Ernesto Ruelas Inzunza, Gabriela I Salazar-Rivera, Magdiel Láinez, María Guadalupe Ruiz-Gómez, Carlo A Domínguez-Eusebio, Griselda Cristóbal-Sánchez, Issaac A Teodosio Faustino, Edel Pérez-López, Meagan L Campbell, Marcus Vinicius Merfa, Ivonne Tatiana Latorre Beltrán, Fernanda Armas, Claudio Mota-Vargas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933344/first-outbreak-of-zika-virus-in-the-continental-united-states-a-modelling-analysis
#5
Giovanni Marini, Giorgio Guzzetta, Roberto Rosà, Stefano Merler
Since 2015, Zika virus (ZIKV) has spread throughout Latin and Central America. This emerging infectious disease has been causing considerable public health concern because of severe neurological complications, especially in newborns after congenital infections. In July 2016, the first outbreak in the continental United States was identified in the Wynwood neighbourhood of Miami-Dade County, Florida. In this work, we investigated transmission dynamics using a mathematical model calibrated to observed data on mosquito abundance and symptomatic human infections...
September 14, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932037/fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-of-cysticercosis-in-submandibular-gland
#6
Vaneet Kaur Sandhu, Upender Sharma, Navtej Singh, Geetika Goyal
Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has emerged as simple, minimally invasive, low-cost, outpatient diagnostic modality for the evaluation of nodules caused by parasites. Cysticercosis is caused by larval stage of Taenia solium, pork tapeworm. It is endemic in Southeast Asia, Latin America and South Africa. We report a case of cysticercosis in a 25-year-old male who presented with painless swelling of submandibular gland which was diagnosed on FNAC. The patient was recommended antihelminthic therapy which resulted in complete resolution of the swelling...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931149/can-a-galacto-oligosaccharide-reduce-the-risk-of-traveller-s-diarrhoea-a-placebo-controlled-randomized-double-blind-study
#7
Gunnar Hasle, Ragnhild Raastad, Gunnar Bjune, Pål A Jenum, Lise Heier
Background: Diarrhoea is a common medical problem affecting travellers to Asia, Africa and Latin America. The use of prophylactic antimicrobial agents may increase the risk of contracting resistant bacteria. Findings indicate that oligosaccharides, i.e. carbohydrate chains of 3-10 monosaccharides, reduce the risk of diarrhoea. Methods: We performed a placebo-controlled, double-blind study of a galacto-oligosaccharide, B-GOS (Bimuno®, Clasado Ltd, Milton Keynes UK), vs placebo for participants travelling to countries with a high/intermediate risk of diarrhoea for 7-15 days...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929093/the-elevated-rate-of-cesarean-section-and-its-contribution-to-non-communicable-chronic-diseases-in-latin-america-the-growing-involvement-of-the-microbiota
#8
REVIEW
Fabien Magne, Alexa Puchi Silva, Bielka Carvajal, Martin Gotteland
The current recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO) regarding cesarean section (C-section) is that this clinical practice should be carried out only under specific conditions, when the health or life of the mother/newborn dyad is threatened, and that its use should not exceed 10-15% of the total deliveries. However, over the last few decades, the frequency of C-section delivery in medium- and high-income countries has rapidly increased worldwide. This review describes the evolution of this procedure in Latin American countries, showing that today more than half of newborns in the region are delivered by C-section...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927440/refugees-asylum-seekers-and-undocumented-migrants-and-the-experience-of-parenthood-a-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#9
REVIEW
Lisa Merry, Sandra Pelaez, Nancy C Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the recent qualitative literature and identify the integrative themes describing the parenthood experiences of refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants. METHODS: We searched seven online databases for the period January 2006 to February 2017. We included English and French published peer-reviewed articles and graduate-level dissertations, which qualitatively examined the parenthood experiences of refugees, asylum-seekers and undocumented migrants...
September 19, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926004/where-to-next-with-animal-health-in-latin-america-the-transition-from-endemic-to-disease-free-status
#10
H Rojas, J R Romero
The Latin American and Caribbean region (LAC) is a leading global producer and exporter of animal products. Its livestock production systems are diverse, ranging from large-scale commercial enterprises to family farms. Countries in this region have sought to improve their animal health status through both public and private efforts. Despite significant advances in eradicating such diseases as foot and mouth disease and classical swine fever, other animal health challenges remain; constraining exports, causing negative economic impacts and threatening food security...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925862/biofactories-for-the-production-of-recombinant-phytases-and-its-application-in-animal-feed-industry
#11
Thais P P de Souza, Resyla M da Mariano, Mariana S Vieira, Suliana F V Andrade, Renato R Godoi, Ana Flavia A Gonçalves, Luciana P Naves, William J N Lima, Daniel B Gonçalves, Mariana Campos da Paz, Alexsandro S Galdino
BACKGROUND: Phytases are enzymes capable of degrading phytic acid and are used in animal feed supplementation in order to improve digestibility through the release of minerals such as phosphorus. Recent inventions show interest in production and optimization of recombinant phytases with biochemical and physicochemical characteristics promising for animal feed industry. METHODS: This review article is focused on relevant patents of the promising phytases, as well as the commonly used expression systems for its production, and also the tools currently used to generate new phytases...
September 15, 2017: Recent Patents on Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923180/menopause-in-latin-america-symptoms-attitudes-treatments-and-future-directions-in-costa-rica
#12
REVIEW
T D Locklear, B J Doyle, A L Perez, S M Wicks, G B Mahady
Similar to their US counterparts, Costa Rican women enter menopause at ∼50 years of age, have similar symptoms, including hot flashes and night sweats, as well as an overall negative attitude toward the menopausal transition. One study of rural women in Monteverde reported that women knew little about the menopausal transition, as the subject was not discussed. Similar to other Latin American women, the use of hormone therapy by Costa Rican women is low and instead they use alternative therapies, including massage, dietary changes and herbal medicines...
October 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923096/maternal-health-research-outputs-and-gaps-in-latin-america-reflections-from-the-mapping-study
#13
Emily Vargas-Riaño, Víctor Becerril-Montekio, Francisco Becerra-Posada, Mario Tristán
As part of the MASCOT/WOTRO multinational team conducting the maternal health literature mapping, four Latin American researchers were particularly interested in analysing information specific to their region. The mapping started with 45,959 papers uploaded from MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, LILACAS, PopLINE, PsycINFO and Web of Knowledge. From these, 4175 full texts were reviewed and 2295 papers were subsequently included. Latin America experienced an average maternal mortality decline of 40% between 1990 and 2013...
September 18, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923090/mapping-occurrence-of-taenia-solium-taeniosis-cysticercosis-and-areas-at-risk-of-porcine-cysticercosis-in-central-america-and-the-caribbean-basin
#14
Uffe Christian Braae, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Fortune Sithole, Ziqi Wang, Arve Lee Willingham
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to map the occurrence of Taenia solium taeniosis/cysticercosis at national level within Central America and the Caribbean basin, and to map the distribution of porcine cysticercosis at first-level administrative subdivision level (department level) and the porcine population at risk. This zoonotic parasite is believed to be widely endemic across most of Latin America. However, there is little information readily available for Central America and the Caribbean basin...
September 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922908/vitamin-d-status-in-internationally-adopted-children-the-experience-in-northwest-italy
#15
Irene Raffaldi, Silvia Garazzino, Giuseppina Ballardini, Mauro Zaffaroni, Nicolino Grasso, Gianni Bona, Pier-Angelo Tovo, Andrea Guala
BACKGROUND: The majority of internationally adopted children, before adoption, might have experienced malnutrition, exposure to infectious diseases, environmental deprivation and neglect; they could also develop medical problems such as vitamin D deficiency. Scantly data are available about vitamin D status in internationally adopted children and, to our knowledge, no report exists on Italian adoptees. METHODS: We carried out a prospective multicenter study, involving three Pediatric Centers in Piedmont, Italy, in order to collect information about 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] profile in adoptees, shortly after their arrival in Italy...
September 15, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920710/use-of-strong-opioids-for-chronic-pain-in-osteoarthritis-an-insight-into-the-latin-american-reality
#16
Miguel Angel Ruiz Iban, Javier Benavides, Juan Pablo Forero, Sacha Bittelman, Rafael Martinez, Miguel Angel Mite, Jorge Diaz Heredia, Sergio Ulloa, Mauro Marcelo Lizárraga Ferrand
Osteoarthritis is the most common cause of arthritis and one of the principle causes of chronic pain. Although opioids are frequently employed for chronic pain treatment, their usage for osteoarthritis pain remains controversial due to the associated adverse effects. Most guidelines reserve their use for refractory pain in patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis. The situation is even more complex in Latin America, where the prevalence of insufficient pain treatment is high because of the limited availability and use of strong opioids...
September 18, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920641/using-global-surgical-indicators-to-improve-trauma-care-in-latin-america
#17
Gregory Peck, Saurabh Saluja, David N Blitzer, Deesha Sarma, Geoffrey A Anderson, Edgar Rodas, Jorge Esteban Foianini, Juan Carlos Puyana, John Meara, Carlos Morales, Carlos Ordonez, Vicente Gracias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919116/global-regional-and-national-age-sex-specific-mortality-for-264-causes-of-death-1980-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends. METHODS: We estimated cause-specific deaths and years of life lost (YLLs) by age, sex, geography, and year...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917027/biophysics-in-latin-america
#19
EDITORIAL
Pietro Ciancaglini, Rosangela Itri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914369/joint-involvement-in-mexican-patients-with-ulcerative-colitis-a-hospital-based-retrospective-study
#20
Jesús K Yamamoto-Furusho, Andrea Sarmiento-Aguilar
The most frequent extra-intestinal manifestation in ulcerative colitis (UC) around the world is joint involvement. There are no previous data in Latin America that is about this aspect of disease; hence, the aim of this study was to determine the frequency and factors associated to joint involvement in Mexican patients with UC. A total of 295 patients with histological diagnosis of UC were studied, divided into two groups: (1) 154 cases with at least one joint affection (arthralgia, peripheral, or axial arthropathy (sacroilitis (SI) or ankylosing spondylitis (AS))) and (2) 141 controls that had never presented any joint involvement during the clinical course of UC...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
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