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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150230/cesarean-birth-what-s-in-a-name
#1
L Ni, A Elsaharty, I McConachie
BACKGROUND: Cesarean birth is known as both cesarean section (CS) or cesarean delivery (CD). The International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia (IJOA) is the leading obstetric anesthesia journal, and a barometer of attitudes within the profession. The journal recently published the hundredth issue, spanning 25 years (to December 2016). It is an opportune time to examine the evolution of surgical birth terminology (CS versus CD) during that period. METHODS: We examined 1583 articles in IJOA, subdividing them into editorials, papers, review articles, debates and case reports...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150104/high-frequency-of-primary-refractory-disease-and-low-progression-free-survival-rate-of-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-a-decade-of-experience-in-a-latin-american-center
#2
José Carlos Jaime-Pérez, Carmen Magdalena Gamboa-Alonso, José Ramón Padilla-Medina, Raúl Alberto Jiménez-Castillo, Leticia Alejandra Olguín-Ramírez, César Homero Gutiérrez-Aguirre, Olga Graciela Cantú-Rodríguez, David Gómez-Almaguer
BACKGROUND: Reports dealing with clinical outcomes of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma in low- to middle-income countries are scarce and response to therapy is poorly documented. This report describes the characteristics and clinical outcomes of patients with classical Hodgkin's lymphoma from a single institution in Latin America. METHOD: A retrospective study was conducted over ten years of patients with classical Hodgkin's lymphoma treated at a referral center. Progression-free and overall survival rates were estimated by Kaplan-Meier analysis...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149972/right-extended-split-liver-transplantation-compared-with-whole-liver-transplantation-lessons-learned-at-a-single-center-in-latin-america-results-from-a-match-case-control-study
#3
S E Gambaro, P Romero, N Pedraza, L Moulin, S Yantorno, D Ramisch, C Rumbo, P Barros-Schelotto, V Descalzi, G E Gondolesi
BACKGROUND: Despite the progressively increasing gap between patients waiting for liver transplant under the Model for End-stage Liver Disease MELD system and the availability of deceased donor organs, the use of right extended split liver grafts (RESLG) has not been accepted by all centers. In this study, we compared the results obtained using RESLG vs a group of matched whole liver graft (WLG) recipients at a single center in Latin America. METHODS: A single-center retrospective review performed between August 2009 and December 2015...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148566/factors-that-influence-the-provision-of-intrapartum-and-postnatal-care-by-skilled-birth-attendants-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#4
REVIEW
Susan Munabi-Babigumira, Claire Glenton, Simon Lewin, Atle Fretheim, Harriet Nabudere
BACKGROUND: In many low- and middle-income countries women are encouraged to give birth in clinics and hospitals so that they can receive care from skilled birth attendants. A skilled birth attendant (SBA) is a health worker such as a midwife, doctor, or nurse who is trained to manage normal pregnancy and childbirth. (S)he is also trained to identify, manage, and refer any health problems that arise for mother and baby. The skills, attitudes and behaviour of SBAs, and the extent to which they work in an enabling working environment, impact on the quality of care provided...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147934/an-outbreak-of-poisoning-by-kalanchoe-blossfeldiana-in-cattle-in-northeastern-brazil
#5
Fábio S Mendonça, Naiara C F Nascimento, Valdir M Almeida, Thaiza C Braga, Daniele P Ribeiro, Hisadora A S Chaves, Givaldo B Silva Filho, Franklin Riet-Correa
In the world, Kalanchoe species are primarily ornamentals and houseplants, but some have escaped cultivation and can be found in the field. In Latin America, there are no reports of spontaneous poisoning by Kalanchoe species in animals. This study aimed to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and pathological aspects of an outbreak of poisoning by Kalanchoe blossfeldiana in cattle in the semiarid region of Pernambuco, Brazil. Epidemiological and clinical data were obtained from the owner and veterinarian during technical visits...
November 16, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147831/plants-of-brazilian-restingas-with-tripanocide-activity-against-trypanosoma-cruzi-strains
#6
Robson Xavier Faria, André Luis Almeida Souza, Barbara Lima, Luis Armando Candido Tietbohl, Caio Pinho Fernandes, Raquel Rodrigues Amaral, Bettina Monika Ruppelt, Marcelo Guerra Santos, Leandro Rocha
Chagas disease is caused by the Trypanosoma cruzi affecting millions of people, and widespread throughout Latin America. This disease exhibits a problematic chemotherapy. Benznidazole, which is the drug currently used as standard treatment, lamentably evokes several adverse reactions. Among other options, natural products have been tested to discover a novel therapeutic drug for this disease. A lot of plants from the Brazilian flora did not contain studies about their biological effects. Restinga de Jurubatiba from Brazil is a sandbank ecosystem poorly studied in relation to plant biological activity...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146711/ethics-health-policy-and-zika-from-emergency-to-global-epidemic
#7
Euzebiusz Jamrozik, Michael J Selgelid
Zika virus was recognised in 2016 as an important vector-borne cause of congenital malformations and Guillain-Barré syndrome, during a major epidemic in Latin America, centred in Northeastern Brazil. The WHO and Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO), with partner agencies, initiated a coordinated global response including public health intervention and urgent scientific research, as well as ethical analysis as a vital element of policy design. In this paper, we summarise the major ethical issues raised during the Zika epidemic, highlighting the PAHO ethics guidance and the role of ethics in emergency responses, before turning to ethical issues that are yet to be resolved...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145817/family-context-and-individual-situation-of-teens-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-mexico-city
#8
Reyna Sámano, Hugo Martínez-Rojano, David Robichaux, Ana Lilia Rodríguez-Ventura, Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Maria de la Luz Hoyuela, Estela Godínez, Selene Segovia
BACKGROUND: In the last 20 years, adolescent pregnancy has become one of the most critical problems affecting women in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 29 teen mothers. All of the pregnant teens were from low- to lower-middle-class social strata in the Mexico City metropolitan area. The family (living with the girl) and the individual context of pregnant teens were analysed on the basis of data from at least three interviews: during pregnancy and at approximately 6 and 24 months following delivery...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141857/contemporary-characteristics-and-outcomes-in-chagasic-heart-failure-compared-with-other-nonischemic-and-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#9
Li Shen, Felix Ramires, Felipe Martinez, Luiz Carlos Bodanese, Luis Eduardo Echeverría, Efraín A Gómez, William T Abraham, Kenneth Dickstein, Lars Køber, Milton Packer, Jean L Rouleau, Scott D Solomon, Karl Swedberg, Michael R Zile, Pardeep S Jhund, Claudio R Gimpelewicz, John J V McMurray
BACKGROUND: Chagas' disease is an important cause of cardiomyopathy in Latin America. We aimed to compare clinical characteristics and outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction caused by Chagas' disease, with other etiologies, in the era of modern HF therapies. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study included 2552 Latin American patients randomized in the PARADIGM-HF (Prospective Comparison of ARNI With ACEI to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure) and ATMOSPHERE (Aliskiren Trial to Minimize Outcomes in Patients With Heart Failure) trials...
November 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141713/resource-use-and-costs-of-dengue-analysis-of-data-from-phase-iii-efficacy-studies-of-a-tetravalent-dengue-vaccine
#10
Hanna El Fezzazi, Marie Branchu, Gabriel Carrasquilla, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Ana Paula Perroud, Carina Frago, Laurent Coudeville
A tetravalent dengue vaccine (CYD-TDV) has recently been approved in 12 countries in southeast Asia and Latin America for individuals aged 9-45 years or 9-60 years (age indication approvals vary by country) living in endemic areas. Data on utilization of medical and nonmedical resources as well as time lost from school and work were collected during the active phase of two phase III efficacy studies performed in 10 countries in the Asia-Pacific region and Latin America (NCT01373281; NCT01374516). We compared dengue-related resource utilization and costs among vaccinated and nonvaccinated participants...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140978/adherence-to-inhaled-therapies-of-copd-patients-from-seven-latin-american-countries-the-lassyc-study
#11
Maria Montes de Oca, Ana Menezes, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Maria Victorina Lopez Varela, Alejandro Casas, Luis Ugalde, Alejandra Ramirez-Venegas, Laura Mendoza, Ana López, Filip Surmont, Marc Miravitlles
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the adherence profiles to inhaled therapies and the agreement between two patient self-report adherence methods in stable COPD lpatients from seven Latin American countries. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional, multinational, multicenter study involved 795 COPD patients (post-bronchodilator forced expiratory volume in 1 second/forced vital capacity [FEV1/FVC] <0.70). Adherence to inhaled therapy was assessed using the specific Test of Adherence to Inhalers (10-item TAI) and the generic 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140938/immunity-following-childhood-vaccinations-in-perinatally-hiv-exposed-children-with-and-without-hiv-infection-in-latin-america
#12
Regina Cm Succi, Margot R Krauss, D Robert Harris, Daisy M Machado, Maria I de Moraes-Pinto, Marisa M Mussi-Pinhata, Noris Pavia Ruz, Russell B Pierre, Lenka A Kolevic Roca, Esaú Joao, Irene Foradori, Marcelo C Scotta, Rohan Hazra, George K Siberry
BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV) children are at risk for undervaccination and poor vaccine response at four years of age. Childhood vaccine coverage and immune response were compared between PHIV and HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) children in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: PHIV and HEU children were enrolled prospectively at fifteen sites from 2002-2009. Full vaccination by age four years was defined as: three hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccine doses; four tetanus toxoid-containing vaccine doses; three doses of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine by age 12 months or ≥1 dose given after age 12 months; one measles-containing vaccine dose; one rubella-containing vaccine dose...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140309/biosensors-to-diagnose-chagas-disease-a-brief-review
#13
REVIEW
María-Isabel Rocha-Gaso, Luis-Jesús Villarreal-Gómez, Denis Beyssen, Frédéric Sarry, Marco-Antonio Reyna, Carlos-Napoleón Ibarra-Cerdeña
Chagas disease (CD), which mostly affects those living in deprived areas, has become one of Latin America's main public health problems. Effective prevention of the disease requires early diagnosis, initiation of therapy, and regular blood monitoring of the infected individual. However, the majority of the Trypanosoma cruzi infections go undiagnosed because of mild symptoms, limited access to medical attention and to a high variability in the sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic tests. Consequently, more affordable and accessible detection technologies capable of providing early diagnosis and T...
November 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138647/nodding-syndrome-ns-and-onchocerca-volvulus-ov-in-northern-uganda
#14
David Kitara Lagoro, Denis Anywar Arony
Nodding Syndrome (NS) is a childhood neurological disorder characterized by atonic seizures, cognitive decline, school dropout, muscle weakness, thermal dysfunction, wasting and stunted growth. There are recent published information suggesting associations between Nodding Syndrome (NS) with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) VGKC antibodies and serum leiomidin-1 antibody cross reacting with Onchocerca Volvulus (OV). These findings suggest a neuro-inflammatory cause of NS and they are important findings in the search for the cause of Nodding Syndrome...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138128/will-participatory-syndromic-surveillance-work-in-latin-america-piloting-a-mobile-approach-to-crowdsource-influenza-like-illness-data-in-guatemala
#15
José Tomás Prieto, Jorge H Jara, Juan Pablo Alvis, Luis R Furlan, Christian Travis Murray, Judith Garcia, Pierre-Jean Benghozi, Susan Cornelia Kaydos-Daniels
BACKGROUND: In many Latin American countries, official influenza reports are neither timely nor complete, and surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI) remains thin in consistency and precision. Public participation with mobile technology may offer new ways of identifying nonmedically attended cases and reduce reporting delays, but no published studies to date have assessed the viability of ILI surveillance with mobile tools in Latin America. We implemented and assessed an ILI-tailored mobile health (mHealth) participatory reporting system...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136613/increasing-incidence-and-prevalence-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-puerto-rico-2013-2016
#16
Angel Chinea, Carlos F Ríos-Bedoya, Ivonne Vicente, Cristina Rubí, Guillermo García, Ana Rivera, Astrid Díaz, Eduardo Estades Romero, Yatzka Hernández Silvestrini, Yaritza Díaz
BACKGROUND: The incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) has been increasing worldwide over the past decades. However, this upward trend has not been examined at the country level in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). The aims of this study are to examine trends of MS incidence over 4 years and to provide age- and gender-standardized incidence rate estimates for a Caribbean island. METHODS: Data from the Puerto Rico (PR) MS Foundation's registry was used to identify all newly diagnosed MS cases between 2013 and 2016...
November 14, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136016/monitoring-the-effects-of-land-cover-change-on-the-supply-of-ecosystem-services-in-an-urban-region-a-study-of-santiago-valpara%C3%A3-so-chile
#17
Claudia Montoya-Tangarife, Francisco de la Barrera, Alejandro Salazar, Luis Inostroza
Mankind's quest for well-being results in continuous pressure to transform landscapes, with said transformation driven by land use changes, urbanization, production activity, and protective measures in addition to climate variability and other environmental drivers. The relationship between anthropogenic landscape changes and the provision of ecosystem services (ES) is a topic of increasing interest in Latin America. In Chile, land cover changes due to increased urbanization and forestry, and expansion of agricultural land, in addition to conservation initiatives as a part of land planning, have been intensive in the last few decades...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135974/early-meteorological-records-from-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-during-the-18th-and-19th-centuries
#18
Fernando Domínguez-Castro, José Manuel Vaquero, María Cruz Gallego, Ana María Marín Farrona, Juan Carlos Antuña-Marrero, Erika Elizabeth Cevallos, Ricardo García Herrera, Cristina de la Guía, Raúl David Mejía, José Manuel Naranjo, María Del Rosario Prieto, Luis Enrique Ramos Guadalupe, Lizardo Seiner, Ricardo Machado Trigo, Marcos Villacís
This paper provides early instrumental data recovered for 20 countries of Latin-America and the Caribbean (Argentina, Bahamas, Belize, Brazil, British Guiana, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, France (Martinique and Guadalupe), Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador and Suriname) during the 18th and 19th centuries. The main meteorological variables retrieved were air temperature, atmospheric pressure, and precipitation, but other variables, such as humidity, wind direction, and state of the sky were retrieved when possible...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135313/third-cranial-nerve-palsy-after-a-chikungunya-virus-infection
#19
Ana Luiza Fontes de Azevedo Costa, Thiago Gonçalves Dos Santos Martins, Diogo Gonçalves Dos Santos Martins
Chikungunya fever is a disease caused by a virus from the same family as dengue and Zika. It is endemic in several parts of the world and has recently spread to Latin America. We report the case of a patient, aged 58 years, from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, who in 2013 developed an acute bilateral third cranial nerve palsy sparing the pupil. After extensive investigation, it was diagnosed as caused by chikungunya infection. The patient was treated with pulse therapy and after 5 months of the onset of the condition, the patient showed improvement...
November 14, 2017: Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133379/ventricular-tachycardia-in-the-setting-of-chagasic-cardiomyopathy-use-of-voltage-mapping-to-characterize-endoepicardial-nonischemic-scar-distribution
#20
Richard Soto-Becerra, Victor Bazan, William Bautista, Federico Malavassi, Jhancarlo Altamar, Juan David Ramirez, Arlen Everth, David J Callans, Francis E Marchlinski, Diego Rodríguez, Fermin C García, Luis C Sáenz
BACKGROUND: Chagasic cardiomyopathy (CC) is the most frequent nonischemic substrate causing left ventricular (LV) tachycardia in Latin America. Systematic characterization of the LV epicardial/endocardial scar distribution and density in CC has not been performed. Additionally, the usefulness of unipolar endocardial electroanatomic mapping to identify epicardial scar has not been assessed in this setting. METHODS AND RESULTS: Nineteen patients with CC undergoing detailed epicardial and endocardial LV tachycardia mapping and ablation were included...
November 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
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