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Dental Renal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644432/dental-implant-treatment-for-renal-failure-patients-on-dialysis-a-clinical-guideline
#1
REVIEW
Quan Yuan, Qiu-Chan Xiong, Megha Gupta, Rosa María López-Pintor, Xiao-Lei Chen, Dutmanee Seriwatanachai, Michael Densmore, Yi Man, Ping Gong
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide public health problem that is growing in prevalence and is associated with severe complications. During the progression of the disease, a majority of CKD patients suffer oral complications. Dental implants are currently the most reliable and successful treatment for missing teeth. However, due to complications of CKD such as infections, bone lesions, bleeding risks, and altered drug metabolism, dental implant treatment for renal failure patients on dialysis is more challenging...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618241/use-of-adjuvant-bisphosphonates-and-other-bone-modifying-agents-in-breast-cancer-a-cancer-care-ontario-and-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline
#2
Sukhbinder Dhesy-Thind, Glenn G Fletcher, Phillip S Blanchette, Mark J Clemons, Melissa S Dillmon, Elizabeth S Frank, Sonal Gandhi, Rasna Gupta, Mihaela Mates, Beverly Moy, Ted Vandenberg, Catherine H Van Poznak
Purpose To make recommendations regarding the use of bisphosphonates and other bone-modifying agents as adjuvant therapy for patients with breast cancer. Methods Cancer Care Ontario and ASCO convened a Working Group and Expert Panel to develop evidence-based recommendations informed by a systematic review of the literature. Results Adjuvant bisphosphonates were found to reduce bone recurrence and improve survival in postmenopausal patients with nonmetastatic breast cancer. In this guideline, postmenopausal includes patients with natural menopause or that induced by ovarian suppression or ablation...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595634/generation-of-tooth-periodontium-complex-structures-using-high-odontogenic-potential-dental-epithelium-derived-from-mouse-embryonic-stem-cells
#3
Yancong Zhang, Yongliang Li, Ruirui Shi, Siqi Zhang, Hao Liu, Yunfei Zheng, Yan Li, Jinglei Cai, Duanqing Pei, Shicheng Wei
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have shown that tooth-like structures can be regenerated using induced pluripotent stem cells and mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells. However, few studies have reported the regeneration of tooth-periodontium complex structures, which are more suitable for clinical tooth transplantation. We established an optimized approach to induce high-odontogenic potential dental epithelium derived from mES cells by temporally controlling bone morphogenic protein 4 (BMP4) function and regenerated tooth-periodontium complex structures in vivo...
June 8, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579010/-maxillary-buccal-and-dental-expressions-of-hyperparathyroidisms
#4
Jean-Louis Wémeau, Catherine Cardot-Bauters
States of chronic parathyroid hypersecretion, related to a primitive parathyroid abnormality (adenoma, hyperplasia), or to a cause of chronic calcipenia (renal failure, vitamin D deficiency…) have a major impact on bone remodeling, alveolodental structures. Thinning of the lamina dura, maxillary or mandibular brown tumors, giant cell epulis are the most emblematic signs of the primary hyperparathyroidism. Other expressions are related to genetic factors such as fibrous tumors of the jaw in conjunction with mutations in the gene coding for parafibromin...
June 1, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578371/oral-health-and-systemic-inflammatory-cardiac-and-nitroxid-biomarkers-in-hemodialysis-patients
#5
J Cotič, M Ferran, J Karišik, A Jerin, P-J Pussinen, A Nemec, Z Pavlica, J Buturović-Ponikvar, M Petelin
BACKGROUND: Periodontal diseases have systemic inflammatory effects and have been adversely associated with cardiovascular diseases, which are also the most frequent cause of death in the end-stage renal disease. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the oral health and serum biomarkers among the hemodialysis (HD) patients in Slovenia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 111 HD patients were periodontally examined and their sera were assayed for C reactive protein (CRP), cardiac troponin T (TnT), nitrite/nitrate (NOx) and antibody levels to A...
June 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562300/fruit-juice-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-current-recommendations
#6
Melvin B Heyman, Steven A Abrams
Historically, fruit juice was recommended by pediatricians as a source of vitamin C and as an extra source of water for healthy infants and young children as their diets expanded to include solid foods with higher renal solute load. It was also sometimes recommended for children with constipation. Fruit juice is marketed as a healthy, natural source of vitamins and, in some instances, calcium. Because juice tastes good, children readily accept it. Although juice consumption has some benefits, it also has potential detrimental effects...
May 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553046/amelogenesis-imperfecta-with-distal-renal-tubular-acidosis-a-novel-syndrome
#7
R A Misgar, Z Hassan, A I Wani, M I Bashir
Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a heterogeneous group of inherited dental enamel defects. It has rarely been reported in association with multiorgan syndromes and metabolic disorders. The metabolic disorders that have been reported in association with AI include hypocalciuria, impaired urinary concentrating ability, and Bartter-like syndrome. In literature, only three cases of AI and distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) have been described: two cases in adults and a solitary case in the pediatric age group...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541773/induction-of-salivary-gland-like-cells-from-dental-follicle-epithelial-cells
#8
Q L Xu, A Furuhashi, Q Z Zhang, C M Jiang, T-H Chang, A D Le
The dental follicle (DF), most often associated with unerupted teeth, is a condensation of ectomesenchymal cells that surrounds the tooth germ in early stages of tooth development. In the present study, we aim to isolate epithelial stem-like cells from the human DF and explore their potential differentiation into salivary gland (SG) cells. We demonstrated the expression of stem cell-related genes in the epithelial components of human DF tissues, and these epithelial progenitor cells could be isolated and ex vivo expanded in a reproducible manner...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536691/periostin-and-discoidin-domain-receptor-1-new-biomarkers-or-targets-for-therapy-of-renal-disease
#9
REVIEW
Niki Prakoura, Christos Chatziantoniou
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) can be a life-threatening condition, which eventually requires renal replacement therapy through dialysis or transplantation. A lot of effort and resources have been invested the last years in the identification of novel markers of progression and targets for therapy, in order to achieve a more efficient prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of renal diseases. Using experimental models of renal disease, we identified and studied two promising candidates: periostin, a matricellular protein with high expression in bone and dental tissues, and discoidin domain receptor 1 (DDR1), a transmembrane collagen receptor of the tyrosine kinase family...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503481/dental-management-of-patients-with-x-linked-hypophosphatemia
#10
Bin-Na Lee, Hye-Yoon Jung, Hoon-Sang Chang, Yun-Chan Hwang, Won-Mann Oh
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a hereditary metabolic disease caused by the loss of phosphate through the renal tubules into the urine, and an associated decrease in serum calcium and potassium phosphate. Its dental features include spontaneous dental abscesses that occur in the absence of trauma or dental caries. The aim of this case report was to describe the dental problems of XLH patients and to evaluate limitations in their treatment. A 14 year old male and a 38 year old female with XLH were referred to the Department of Conservative Dentistry for endodontic treatment...
May 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469896/improving-bisphosphonate-infusion-monitoring-at-haematology-medical-day-unit
#11
Michal Wen Sheue Ong, Lydia Jones
This project was started after an incident of bisphosphonate-induced hypocalcaemia in September 2015. As part of management of lytic bone lesions in patients with multiple myeloma were given either Zoledronic Acid or Pamidronate Disodium at our Haematology Day Unit. According to the British National Formulary (BNF), it is necessary to correct disturbances of calcium metabolism (e.g. vitamin D deficiency, hypocalcaemia) and consider dental check-ups before starting bisphosphonate infusion due to the risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459720/intravenous-caffeine-rescue-for-postoperative-hypoventilation-in-a-16-year-old-with-trisomy-10-a-case-report
#12
Michael Evans, Humphrey Lam, Thomas Austin
Trisomy 10 is a rare disorder, with only 35 cases reported in the literature. Anesthetic management may be challenging in this patient population because of craniofacial, cardiac, and renal abnormalities commonly seen in the disorder. We describe a 16-year-old male with an anesthetic history notable for prolonged emergence, postoperative hypoxia, postoperative reintubation, and unexpected hospital admission presenting for dental extraction of impacted teeth. We utilized intravenous caffeine, a respiratory stimulant used in preterm infants, to facilitate recovery from anesthesia...
April 28, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439166/end-stage-renal-disease-not-a-contraindication-for-minor-oral-surgery-protocol-for-the-management-of-oral-surgery-patients-with-esrd-on-hemodialysis
#13
Sneha Pendem, G Lakshmi Narayana, Poornima Ravi
OBJECTIVE: To describe a safe and effective protocol for the management of patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing minor oral surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted on all patients with ESRD who were referred for dental consultation. A definite protocol was designed in consultation with the nephrologist to minimize the risk of bleeding and wound healing complications during and after the minor surgical procedures...
June 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429485/the-place-of-periodontal-examination-and-referral-in-general-medicine
#14
REVIEW
Samuel Chan, Graham M Pasternak, Malcolm J West
In many countries, dental services, unlike other health-care services, are not covered by the principle of universal access. It is only in the last couple of decades that there has been a greater interaction between medicine and dentistry. Various health-care systems worldwide may provide public dental services to the young and the disadvantaged, but few provide access to all. Public policy does not appear to appreciate the vast economic, health and social implications of poor oral health on the overall health of an individual...
June 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426126/actinomyces-in-pregnancy-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
Sarah M Estrada, Everett F Magann, Peter G Napolitano
Importance: Actinomyces is commonly found in many areas of the body where it derives a benefit without harming the host. When it does infect the host during pregnancy, is that infection a threat to the obstetric patient and does that infection cause adverse pregnancy outcomes? Objective: The aim of this study was to review what is known about Actinomyces infections and the impact of an Actinomyces infection on pregnancy outcomes. Evidence Acquisition: A PubMed search was undertaken with the search years unlimited to April 1, 2016, and restricted to articles in English...
April 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424878/oral-health-in-patients-with-renal-disease-a-longitudinal-study-from-predialysis-to-kidney-transplantation
#16
Karita M Nylund, Jukka H Meurman, Anna Maria Heikkinen, Jussi O Furuholm, Fernanda Ortiz, Hellevi M Ruokonen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this longitudinal study was to compare the oral health of chronic kidney disease patients at the predialysis (baseline) and post-transplantation (follow-up) stages and to investigate differences in oral health between diabetic nephropathy and other kidney disease patients at follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-three kidney disease patients (34 men) aged 31-86 years were followed up to 157 months. Clinical and radiological oral examinations, salivary and laboratory analyses, and oral health behavior questionnaires were conducted at the predialysis and follow-up stages at Helsinki University Hospital, Finland...
April 20, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410819/-remifentanil-does-not-increase-urine-output-during-oral-surgery-contrary-to-its-effect-during-other-surgeries-a-cohort-study
#17
Kentaro Ouchi, Kazuna Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: An increase in urine output by remifentanil injection during laparoscopic procedures and surgeries such as cardiac and gynecological procedures, due to suppression of the stress response to surgery, has been reported. The aim of our prospective, observational, cohort study was to assess the effect of remifentanil analgesia on urine output during dental and minor oral surgery by comparing intraoperative urine output under defined infusion volumes with and without the use of remifentanil...
April 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298625/periodontal-disease-and-fam20a-mutations
#18
Piranit Nik Kantaputra, Chotika Bongkochwilawan, Mark Lubinsky, Supansa Pata, Massupa Kaewgahya, Huei Jinn Tong, James R Ketudat Cairns, Yeliz Guven, Nipon Chaisrisookumporn
Enamel-renal-gingival syndrome (ERGS; OMIM #204690), a rare autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in FAM20A, is characterized by nephrocalcinosis, nephrolithiasis, amelogenesis imperfecta, hypoplastic type, gingival fibromatosis and other dental abnormalities, including hypodontia and unerupted teeth with large dental follicles. We report three patients and their families with findings suggestive of ERGS. Mutation analysis of FAM20A was performed in all patients and their family members. Patients with homozygous frameshift and compound heterozygous mutations in FAM20A had typical clinical findings along with periodontitis...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292368/the-probability-of-resistant-hypertension-during-dental-treatment-of-chronic-kidney-disease-patients
#19
Ramasamy Chidambaram
Oral rehabilitation in medically compromised patients like chronic kidney disease (CKD) needs special dental care. Many papers have been published on dental considerations for such individuals. However, literature citing oral care for patients with risk factors of CKD are scarce. Resistant hypertension, one such risk factor, is closely related to CKD. Furthermore, the associated increased prevalence and adverse renal/cardiac outcomes motivated the author to report its unexplored association/impact during dental care...
January 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280705/relationship-between-disease-stage-and-renal-function-in-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#20
Yun-Ho Kim, Han-Kyul Park, Na-Rae Choi, Seong-Won Kim, Gyoo-Cheon Kim, Dae-Seok Hwang, Yong-Deok Kim, Sang-Hun Shin, Uk-Kyu Kim
OBJECTIVES: Bisphosphonate is the primary cause of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ). Bisphosphonates are eliminated from the human body by the kidneys. It is anticipated that bisphosphonate levels in the body will increase if the kidney is in a weak state or if there is systemic disease that affects kidney function. The aim of this study was to analyze the relevance of renal function in the severity of BRONJ. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-three patients diagnosed with BRONJ in Pusan National University Dental Hospital from January 2012 to December 2014 were included in this study...
February 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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