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Hemodialysis with upper extremity edema syndrome

Stephen E Thwaites, Peter A Robless
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Central vein stenosis occurs commonly after instrumentation of the major thoracic veins. We aimed to investigate factors that contributed to this condition in an Asian hemodialysis population, and the results of intervention. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hemodialysis patients diagnosed with central vein stenosis between January 2003 and December 2008, were identified from the records of the National University Hospital, Singapore. Eligible controls had a minimum of 2 years of hemodialysis via an arteriovenous fistula and/or central venous catheter, without clinical or radiological evidence of central vein stenosis...
October 2012: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Hannah R Margoles, Richard D Shlansky-Goldberg, Michael C Soulen, Scott O Trerotola
PURPOSE: Fistulae between an arteriovenous hemodialysis graft (AVG) or fistula (AVF) and an adjacent vein are an unusual complication of hemodialysis access. Such fistulae may theoretically cause steal syndrome, extremity edema, or access dysfunction. We sought to use our experience and existing literature to develop a management algorithm for this access complication. METHODS: Twelve patients with AVG/AVF to adjacent vein fistulae found on fistulography were identified using a quality assurance database...
July 2012: Journal of Vascular Access
Harunobu Matsumoto, Eisuke Yamamoto, Chiaki Kamiya, Emi Miura, Tadashi Kitaoka, Jun Suzuki, Juno Deguchi, Tomonari Ogawa, Akihiko Matsuda, Osamu Sato
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term patency rate and complications associated with the use of the BBAVF in the early period. METHODS: The records of all patients undergoing BBAVFs for hemodialysis access between June 2001 and June 2011 were retrospectively evaluated. We allowed the use of the BBAVF beginning two weeks after the fistula creation. The primary and secondary patencies were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: A total of 44 BBAVFs were created for 41 patients...
April 2012: Journal of Vascular Access
Atilio Barbeito, Shahar Bar-Yosef, James E Lowe, Broadus Z Atkins, Jonathan B Mark
PURPOSE: An unusual case of superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome caused by an infected right atrial-SVC junction thrombus may be diagnosed using transesophageal echocardiography. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 59-yr-old male with end-stage renal disease requiring hemodialysis presented with fungemia and later developed facial and bilateral upper extremity edema. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed subtotal occlusion of the SVC at its junction with the right atrium. The mass was surgically removed with cardiopulmonary bypass support...
November 2008: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesth├ęsie
Patrick Haage, Timo Krings, Thomas Schmitz-Rode
Risk factors for acute venous occlusion range from prolonged immobilization to hypercoagulability syndromes, trauma, and malignancy. The aim of this review article is to illustrate the different imaging options for the diagnosis of acute venous occlusion and to assess the value of interventional strategies for venous thrombosis treatment in an emergency setting.First, diagnosis and treatment of the most common form of venous occlusion, at the level of the lower extremities, is presented, followed by pelvic vein and inferior vena cava occlusion, mesenteric venous thrombosis, upper extremity occlusion, acute cerebral vein thrombosis, and finally acute venous occlusion of hemodialysis access...
November 2002: European Radiology
M E Williams
Hemodialysis-associated subclavian venous stenosis should be suspected when upper extremity edema occurs after a graft or fistula has been placed there. Alternatively, venous thoracic outlet syndrome could also produce venous congestion, simulating subclavian stenosis. The latter diagnosis was unsuspected until central subclavian vein obstruction on venography became complete, with the arm passively hyperabducted. The patient's symptoms resolved after surgical decompression. Causes of thoracic outlet obstruction are reviewed...
1998: American Journal of Nephrology
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