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Panax notoginseng

Shiying Wang, Ping Tao, Lei Zhao, Wangjun Zhang, Hongyi Hu, Jiang Lin
To investigate the therapeutic effects of PN on intestinal inflammation and microvascular injury and its mechanisms, dextran sodium sulfate- (DSS-) or iodoacetamide- (IA-) induced rat colitis models were used. After colitis model was established, PN was orally administered for 7 days at daily dosage of 1.0 g/kg. Obvious colonic inflammation and mucosal injuries and microvessels were observed in DSS- and IA-induced colitis groups. DAI scores, serum concentrations of VEGFA121, VEGFA165, VEGFA165/VEGFA121, IL-6, and TNF- α , and expression of Rap1GAP and TSP1 proteins in the colon were significantly higher while serum concentrations of IL-4 and IL-10 and MVD in colon were significantly lower in the colitis model groups than in the normal control group...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Yupiao Hu, Xiuming Cui, Zejun Zhang, Lijuan Chen, Yiming Zhang, Chengxiao Wang, Xiaoyan Yang, Yuan Qu, Yin Xiong
The present study aims to optimize the ethanol-reflux extraction conditions for extracting saponins from steamed Panax notoginseng (SPN). Four variables including the extraction time (0.5⁻2.5 h), ethanol concentration (50⁻90%), water to solid ratio (W/S, 8⁻16), and times of extraction (1⁻5) were investigated by using the Box-Behnken design response surface methodology (BBD-RSM). For each response, a second-order polynomial model with high R² values (>0.9690) was developed using multiple linear regression analysis and the optimum conditions to maximize the yield (31...
May 17, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Bin Rui Yang, Sze Chung Yuen, Guang Yi Fan, Wei-Hong Cong, Siu-Wai Leung, Simon Ming-Yuen Lee
Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F. H. Chen ex C. H. Chow (P. notoginseng) is a highly valued Chinese materia medica having a hemostatic effect and mainly used for the treatment of trauma and ischemic cardiovascular diseases. Stringent growth requirements, weak resistance to insect pests and plant diseases, arsenic contamination and continuous cropping constitute hurdles to further increases in the agricultural production of P. notoginseng. This review focuses on the traditional uses (based on traditional Chinese medicine theory), major chemical components, biological activities, pharmacological properties, geographical distributions and historical development of taxonomy of P...
May 14, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Haihong Fang, Shilin Yang, Yingying Luo, Cheng Zhang, Yi Rao, Renjing Liu, Yulin Feng, Jun Yu
Restenosis caused by neointimal hyperplasia significantly decreases long-term efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), stenting, and by-pass surgery for managing coronary and peripheral arterial diseases. A major cause of pathological neointima formation is abnormal vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration. Notoginsenoside R1 (NGR1) is a novel saponin that is derived from Panax notoginseng and has reported cardioprotective, neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
(no author information available yet)
To evaluate the clinical efficacy of Panax notoginseng extract combined with alprostadil in the treatment of arteriosclerosis occlusion and investigate its effects on the degree of atherosclerosis. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP journal database, Chinese biomedical literature database(CBM), PubMed, the Cochrane Library and Science Citation Index(SCI) database were searched between inception to December 2017 for relevant studies. Two researchers independently screened and extracted the literature in strict accordance with the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Shi-Lin Chen, Lin-Lin Dong, Qiao-Sheng Guo, Jian-He Wei, Xi-Wen Li, Gang Li, Qi Li, Yu-de Liu, Si-Jing Liu, Hong Xu, Yu-Qi Yu, Jie Wu, Chong-Heng Liang
The issues of disordering production and non-standard pesticide application are common in the production of Chinese herbal medicines. Aimed to above problems, research groups built the pollution-free and precision cultivation system of medicinal plants. This system mainly included the precise site selection of medicinal plants based on the GIS technology, modern omics-assisted breeding, metagenomics guiding the soil complex improvement, and the precise field management based on rational application of fertilizer and comprehensive control of disease...
April 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Lijuan Chen, Ye Yang, Jin Ge, Xiuming Cui, Yin Xiong
Background: The quality differences in seedlings of medicinal herbs often affect the quality of medicinal parts. The establishment of the grading standard of Panax notoginseng seedlings is significant for the stable quality of medicinal parts of P. notoginseng. Methods: To establish the grading standard of P. notoginseng seedlings, a total of 36,000 P. notoginseng seedlings were collected from 30 producing areas, of which the fresh weight, root length, root diameter, bud length, bud diameter, and rootlet number were measured...
April 2018: Journal of Ginseng Research
Fang Liu, Ni Ma, Chengwei He, Yuanjia Hu, Peng Li, Meiwan Chen, Huanxing Su, Jian-Bo Wan
Background: Panax notoginseng leaves (PNL) exhibit extensive activities, but few analytical methods have been established to exclusively determine the dammarane triterpene saponins in PNL. Methods: Ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/Q-TOF MS) and HPLC-UV methods were developed for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of ginsenosides in PNL, respectively. Results: Extraction conditions, including solvents and extraction methods, were optimized, which showed that ginsenosides Rc and Rb3, the main components of PNL, are transformed to notoginsenosides Fe and Fd, respectively, in the presence of water, by removing a glucose residue from position C-3 via possible enzymatic hydrolysis...
April 2018: Journal of Ginseng Research
Yanna Zhao, Xiaohua Sun, Xiaoling Yu, Ruilan Gao, Liming Yin
Aplastic anemia (AA) is usually treated with immunosuppressive agents, but their efficacy and safety are not satisfactory. Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) promote the proliferation of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. This study aimed to examine the effects of leaf PNS (LPNS) on hematopoiesis and T cells in mouse models of AA. The experiments were performed in normal mice and AA mice (controls, cyclosporine, and low, medium, and high doses of LPNS). Hematopoietic cells were counted using colony formation assays...
April 2, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Yuzhu Ye, Yuanlu Shan, Caiying Bao, Yi Hu, Liangrong Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ginsenoside Rg1 is regarded as the primary bioactive ingredient in Panax notoginseng that has been well recognized for its protective effects against ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury. However, the mechanisms still remain elusive. Our study aims to investigate the effects of Rg1 against lung injury induced by hind-limb IR in rats. METHODS: Twenty-four Sprague Dawley rats were randomly submitted to sham operation (SM group), hind-limb IR (IR group), hind-limb IR + Rg1 (Rg1 group), and hind-limb IR + Pro-DTC group (PD group)...
April 27, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Wu-Mei Sun, Yu-Nan Ma, Yan-Jiao Yin, Chuan-Jiao Chen, Fu-Rong Xu, Xian Dong, Yong-Xian Cheng
Replanting obstacles of Panax notoginseng caused by complex factors, including pathogens, have received great attention. In this study, essential oils (EOs) from either Alpinia officinarum Hance or Amomum tsao-ko (Zingiberaceae) were found to inhibit the growth of P. notoginseng -associated pathogenic fungi in vitro. Subsequent GC-MS analysis revealed the chemical profiles of two plant derived EOs. Linalool and eucalyptol were found to be abundant in the EOs and tested for their antifungal activities. In addition, the synergistic effects of A...
April 26, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Liu Tu, Yan Wang, Di Chen, Ping Xiang, Jingjing Shen, Yingbo Li, Shali Wang
Notoginsenoside R1 (NGR1) is a predominant phytoestrogen extracted from Panax notoginseng that has recently been reported to play important roles in the treatment of cardiac dysfunction, diabetic kidney disease, and acute liver failure. Studies have suggested that NGR1 may be a viable treatment of hypoxic-ischemic brain damage (HIBD) in neonates by reducing endoplasmic reticulum stress via estrogen receptors (ERs). However, whether NGR1 has other neuroprotective mechanisms or long-term neuroprotective effects is unclear...
April 25, 2018: Neurochemical Research
Min Yang, Shengchang Duan, Xinyue Mei, Huichuan Huang, Wei Chen, Yixiang Liu, Cunwu Guo, Ting Yang, Wei Wei, Xili Liu, Xiahong He, Yang Dong, Shusheng Zhu
Phytophthora cactorum is a homothallic oomycete pathogen, which has a wide host range and high capability to adapt to host defense compounds and fungicides. Here we report the 121.5 Mb genome assembly of the P. cactorum using the third-generation single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing technology. It is the second largest genome sequenced so far in the Phytophthora genera, which contains 27,981 protein-coding genes. Comparison with other Phytophthora genomes showed that P. cactorum had a closer relationship with P...
April 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
Xiang Zeng Xu, Jin Yan Zhang, Guang Hui Zhang, Guang Qiang Long, Sheng Chao Yang, Zhong Jian Chen, Fu Gang Wei, Jun Wen Chen
To explore the effects of light intensity on photosynthetic characteristics and light adaptation of the shade-demanding species Panax notoginseng, the responses of photosynthesis to photosynthetic photon flux density, CO2 and sunflecks in the two-year-old Panax notoginseng were investigated under different levels of light intensity (29.8%, 9.6%, 5.0%, 1.4% and 0.2% of full sunlight). Meanwhile, chlorophyll a fluorescence parameter and light energy partitioning were also recorded and calculated in the responsive process...
January 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
Weijie Xie, Xiangbao Meng, Yadong Zhai, Ping Zhou, Tianyuan Ye, Zhen Wang, Guibo Sun, Xiaobo Sun
Panax notoginseng (Burk) F. H. Chen , as traditional Chinese medicine, has a long history of high clinical value, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation, inhibition of platelet aggregation, regulation of blood glucose and blood pressure, inhibition of neuronal apoptosis, and neuronal protection, and its main ingredients are Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS). Currently, Panax notoginseng (Burk) F. H. Chen may improve mental function, have anti-insomnia and anti-depression effects, alleviate anxiety, and decrease neural network excitation...
April 17, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Ya-Meng Zhao, Yong-Xian Cheng, Yu-Nan Ma, Chuan-Jiao Chen, Fu-Rong Xu, Xian Dong
Chemical agents in the rhizosphere soils of plants might have an influence on root-rot disease, which therefore might reveal the mechanism of root rot in Panax notoginseng ( P. notoginseng ). With this hypothesis the alterations of phenolic acids (PAs) in the rhizosphere soils of P. notoginseng after pathogen infection were determined. The effects of PAs on the growth of Fusarium oxysporum ( F. oxysporum ), a fungal pathogenic factor for P. notoginseng , as well as production of fusaric acid, a wilting agent for the plants, were also examined...
April 3, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Wei Wei, Min Yang, Yixiang Liu, Huichuan Huang, Chen Ye, Jianfen Zheng, Cunwu Guo, Minwen Hao, Xiahong He, Shusheng Zhu
Replant failure caused by negative plant-soil feedback (NPFS) in agricultural ecosystems is a critical factor restricting the development of sustainable agriculture. Soil nutrient availability has the capacity to affect plant-soil feedback. Here, we used sanqi (Panax notoginseng), which is severely threatened by NPSF, as a model plant to decipher the overall effects of nitrogen (N) rates on NPSF and the underlying mechanism. We found that a high rate of N at 450kgNha-1 (450N) aggravated the NPSF through the accumulation of pathogens in the soil compared with the optimal 250N...
March 27, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Ming Peng, Ya X Yi, Tong Zhang, Yue Ding, Jian Le
Panax notoginseng (Sanqi), a traditional Chinese medical drug which has been applied to medical use for over four centuries, contains high content of dammarane-type tetracyclic triterpenoid saponins. A number of stereoisomeric dammarane-type saponins exist in this precious herb, and some are particularly regarded as "biomarkers" in processed notoginseng. Contemporary researches have indicated that some saponin stereoisomers may show stereospecific pharmacological activities, such as anti-tumor, antioxidative, anti-photoaging, anti-inflammatory, antidiabetic, and neuro-protective activities, as well as stereoselective effects on ion channel current regulation, cardiovascular system, and immune system...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Xiaojian Shi, Wenzhi Yang, Shi Qiu, Jinjun Hou, Wanying Wu, Dean Guo
Lipidomics currently is still confronted with challenges from chromatographic separation and lipids identification. Here we report a lipidomics platform by integrating ultrahigh performance supercritical fluid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPSFC/QTOF-MS) and collision cross section (CCS) measurement using ion mobility spectroscopy/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (IMS/QTOF-MS), aiming to enhance the profiling performance and identification reliability of lipids. The lipidomes extracted from three congeneric Panax species (P...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
Yiqun Li, Benyong Zhang, Mengzhu Liu, Xinlong Zhang, Donglei Shi, Liwei Guo, Jinao Duan, Xueping Zhou, Huaxu Zhu, Qichun Zhang
Background: Tripterygium wilfordii (TW) is widely employed to treat rheumatoid arthritis and autoimmune disorders clinically, which, however, accompany with disturbing hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. The previous research showed that Panax notoginseng (PN) compatibly and significantly reduces the TW-induced hepatotoxicity. Objective: To explore the underlying mechanism, the present study was designed to reveal the influence of PN on the intestinal absorption process of TW-derived active components in rat...
January 2018: Pharmacognosy Magazine
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