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Panax notoginseng

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933079/-advance-in-transcriptomic-studies-of-ginseng-species
#1
Li-Qiu Zou, Xue-Jun Kuang, Ying Li, Chao Sun
There are many valuable medicinal plants in Ginseng genus belonging to Araliaceae. Among them, Panax ginseng, P. quinquefolium and P. notoginseng are the most famous species. With the development of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, sequencing and analysis of transcriptomes have become powerful tools for discovery of novel genes, screening molecular markers and elucidation of specific biosynthetic pathway of secondary metabolites. Their transcriptomes provided abundant genes for further study on functional genomics...
November 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930143/ginseng-for-liver-injury-friend-or-foe
#2
REVIEW
Tae-Woo Kim
Panax sp., including Panax ginseng Meyer, Panax quiquifolius L., or Panax notoginseng (Burk.) FH Chen, have been used as functional foods or for traditional Chinese medicine for diabetes, inflammation, stress, aging, hepatic injury, and cancer. In recent decades, a number of both in vitro and in vivo experiments as well as human studies have been conducted to investigate the efficacy and safety of various types of ginseng samples and their components. Of these, the hepatoprotective and hepatotoxic effects of ginseng and their ginsenosides and polysaccharides are reviewed and summarized...
December 17, 2016: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929655/-a-semimicroquality-evaluation-method-on-panax-notoginseng-and-its-application-in-analysis-of-continuous-cropping-obstacles-research-samples
#3
Yi Cao, Chao-Qun Wang, Feng Xu, Xiu-Hong Jia, Guang-Xue Liu, Sheng-Chao Yang, Guang-Qiang Long, Zhong-Jian Chen, Fu-Zhou Wei, Shao-Zhou Yang, Kozo Fukuda, Xuan Wang, Shao-Qing Cai
Panax notoginseng is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine with blood activating effect while has continuous cropping obstacle problem in planting process. In present study, a semimicroextraction method with water-saturated n-butanol on 0.1 g notoginseng sample was established with good repeatability (RSD<2.5%) and 9.6%-20.6% higher extraction efficiency of seven saponins than the conventional method. A total of 16 characteristic peaks were identified by LC-MS-IT-TOF, including eight 20(S)-protopanaxatriol (PPT) type saponins and eight 20(S)-protopanaxadiol (PPD) type saponins...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928801/ginsenoside-rb1-inhibits-hypoxia-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-ovarian-cancer-cells-by-regulating-microrna-25
#4
Dan Liu, Ting Liu, Yue Teng, Wei Chen, Le Zhao, Xu Li
Metastasis frequently occurs in advanced ovarian cancer, which not only leads to substantial mortality but also becomes a major challenge to effective treatment. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key mechanism facilitating cancer metastasis. Targeting the EMT process with more efficacious and less toxic agents to prevent metastasis is of significant therapeutic value for ovarian cancer treatment. The anti-EMT function and mechanism of ginsenoside Rb1, a monomer composition extracted from the traditional Chinese herb Panax ginseng or P...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927292/two-new-alkylated-furan-derivatives-with-antifungal-and-antibacterial-activities-from-the-plant-endophytic-fungus-emericella-sp-xl029
#5
Xia Wu, Xue-Jiao Pang, Lu-Lin Xu, Ting Zhao, Xin-Yu Long, Qiong-Yin Zhang, Hai-Li Qin, Deng-Feng Yang, Xiao-Long Yang
Two new alkylated furan derivatives, 5-(undeca-3',5',7'-trien-1'-yl)furan-2-ol (1) and 5-(undeca-3',5',7'-trien-1'-yl)furan-2-carbonate (2), were isolated from the crude extract of the plant endophytic fungus Emericella sp. XL029 associated with the leaves of Panax notoginseng. The anti-agricultural pathogenic fungal assay indicated that compound 1 displayed significant activity against all tested fungi with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) values from 25 to 3.1 μg/mL, while compound 2 displayed activity against all tested fungi except for Rhizoctonia solani and Fusarium oxysporum with MIC values from 50 to 12...
September 19, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916980/pharmacokinetics-of-panax-notoginseng-saponins-in-adhesive-and-normal-preparation-of-fufang-danshen
#6
Xiao-Nan Chen, Dan-Qi Li, Meng-di Zhao, Gang-Yan Yu, Shou-Ying Du, Yang Lu, Jie Bai, Peng-Yue Li, Ya-Li Wu, Zhi-Hao Tian, Yan-Ying Zeng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Fufang Danshen formula, a famous Chinese patent medicine containing Salvia miltiorrhiza, Panax notoginseng and borneol, has been widely used in the treatment of coronary heart disease. The application is restricted by low bioavailability partly due to Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) instability and low in vivo absorption. Thus, adhesive pellets were developed to improve bioavailability. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the adhesive preparation by describing PNS's plasma pharmacokinetics in vivo and compare adhesive micro pills with normal preparation...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842680/small-rna-profiles-from-panax-notoginseng-roots-differing-in-sizes-reveal-correlation-between-mir156-abundances-and-root-biomass-levels
#7
Yun Zheng, Kun Chen, Zhenning Xu, Peiran Liao, Xiaotuo Zhang, Li Liu, Kangning Wei, Diqiu Liu, Yong-Fang Li, Ramanjulu Sunkar, Xiuming Cui
Plant genomes encode several classes of small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) that play critical roles in both development and stress responses. Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen (P. notoginseng) is an important traditional Chinese herbal medicinal plant species for its haemostatic effects. Therefore, the root yield of P. notoginseng is a major economically important trait since the roots of P. notoginseng are the parts used to produce medicine. To identify sRNAs that are critical for the root biomass of P. notoginseng, we performed a comprehensive study of miRNA transcriptomes from P...
August 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839368/intervention-effects-of-atorvastatin-combined-with-panax-notoginseng-saponins-on-rats-with-atherosclerosis-complicated-with-hepatic-injury
#8
Qing-Fang Jiang, Min-Yi Huang, Kang-Yuan Wu, Jie-Ling Weng, Rong-Gui Deng, Xin-Jie Xu, Jian-Pei Xu, Tao Jiang
BACKGROUND: Statins cannot be used for some active liver diseases, which limits its application to some extent. The combined use of statins with other drugs may be one of the ways to solve this dilemma. OBJECTIVE: This research aims to evaluate the effects of atorvastatin combined with Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) on rats with atherosclerosis (AS) complicated with hepatic injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-two male Wistar rats were randomly categorized into control group (without any intervention, Group A) and AS model groups, which were divided into hepatic injury (Groups B-E) and nonhepatic injury (Groups F-I) groups...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831052/rapid-amplification-of-four-retrotransposon-families-promoted-speciation-and-genome-size-expansion-in-the-genus-panax
#9
Junki Lee, Nomar Espinosa Waminal, Hong-Il Choi, Sampath Perumal, Sang-Choon Lee, Van Binh Nguyen, Woojong Jang, Nam-Hoon Kim, Li-Zhi Gao, Tae-Jin Yang
Genome duplication and repeat multiplication contribute to genome evolution in plants. Our previous work identified a recent allotetraploidization event and five high-copy LTR retrotransposon (LTR-RT) families PgDel, PgTat, PgAthila, PgTork, and PgOryco in Panax ginseng. Here, using whole-genome sequences, we quantified major repeats in five Panax species and investigated their role in genome evolution. The diploids P. japonicus, P. vietnamensis, and P. notoginseng and the tetraploids P. ginseng and P. quinquefolius were analyzed alongside their relative Aralia elata...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822161/-synergistic-mechanism-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-based-on-target-combination-of-pept1-and-ppar%C3%AE
#10
Lian-Sheng Qiao, Yan-Kun Chen, Gang-Gang Luo, Fang Lu, Si-Jia Liu, Gong-Yu Li, Yan-Ling Zhang
Synergistic effect is main pharmacological mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). The research method based on the key targets combination is an important method to explore the synergistic effect of TCM. Peptide transporter 1 (PepT1) is an essential target for drug uptake into the bloodstream, accounting for about 50% of the total transporter protein content from the small intestine. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α(PPARα) is the lipid-lowering target of fibrates, which have a good hypolipidemic effect by activating PPARα...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822146/-dna-marker-assisted-selection-of-medicinal-plants-%C3%A2-evaluation-of-disease-resistance-of-miaoxiang-kangqi-1-a-new-cultivar-of-panax-notoginseng
#11
Zhong-Jian Chen, Xiao-Han Ma, Lin-Lin Dong, Lian-Juan Zhang, Guang-Fei Wei, Li-Na Xiao, Yong Wang, Fu-Gang Wei, Wei-Lin Liu, Yu-Qi Yu, Shi-Lin Chen
DNA marked-assisted selection of medicinal plants accelerated the breeding and promotion of new cultivars, and guaranteed the healthy development of Chinese medicinal materials industry. The first disease-resistant cultivar of notoginseng, namely "Miaoxiang Kangqi 1", served as the object of study. We evaluated the Kangqi's resistance of seeds, seedlings and root against the pathological bacteria (Fusarum oxysporum) of root rot. Compared to the traditional cultivars, the disease index of notoginseng seeds declined by 52...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822019/gypenoside-ix-suppresses-p38-mapk-akt-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-activation-and-inflammatory-responses-in-astrocytes-stimulated-by-proinflammatory-mediators
#12
Xiaoshuang Wang, Liu Yang, Li Yang, Faping Xing, Hua Yang, Liyue Qin, Yunyi Lan, Hui Wu, Beibei Zhang, Hailian Shi, Cheng Lu, Fei Huang, Xiaojun Wu, Zhengtao Wang
Gypenoside IX (GP IX) is a pure compound isolated from Panax notoginseng. Gypenosides have been implicated to benefit the recovery of enormous neurological disorders. By suppressing the activation of astrocytes, gypenosides can improve the cognitive impairment. However, so far, little is known about whether GP IX could restrain the inflammatory responses in astrocytes or reactive astrogliosis. In present study, the anti-inflammatory effects of GP IX were investigated in reactive astrocytes induced by proinflammatory mediators both in vitro and in vivo...
August 18, 2017: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778038/application-of-magnetically-immobilized-edible-fungus-for-the-biotransformation-of-panax-notoginseng-saponin-rb1-to-rd-and-rg3
#13
Yuping Zang, Na Guo, Jiao Jiao, Xiqing Wang, Qingyan Gai, Wenjing Xu, Yujie Fu
In this study, we developed a new magnetically immobilized edible fungus for the biotransformation of panax notoginseng saponins Rb1 to Rd and Rg3. The optimum biotransformation conditions were as follows: temperature 32°C, pH 6.5, time 48h and liquid-solid ratio 25:1(mL/g). The yields of Rd and Rg3 reached 41.35±0.12mg/g and 6.35±0.08mg/g which increased 6.97-fold and 3.23-fold to that of untreated control, respectively. Additionally, SEM demonstrated that vestured pits and cell walls of samples were destroyed obviously which was beneficial to the Rb1 biotransformation and target Rd and Rg3 release...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758911/molecular-cloning-and-characterization-of-pnbhlh1-transcription-factor-in-panax-notoginseng
#14
Xiang Zhang, Feng Ge, Bing Deng, Taif Shah, Zhuangjia Huang, Diqiu Liu, Chaoyin Chen
Panax notoginseng has been extensively used as a traditional Chinese medicine. In the current study, molecular cloning and characterization of PnbHLH1 transcription factor were explored in Panax notoginseng. The full length of the PnbHLH1 gene obtained by splicing was 1430 bp, encoding 321 amino acids. Prokaryotic expression vector pET-28a-PnbHLH1 was constructed and transferred into the BL21 prokaryotic expression strain. An electrophoretic mobility shift assay of PnbHLH1 protein binding to E-box cis-acting elements verified that PnbHLH1 belonged to the bHLH class transcription factor which could interact with the promoter region of the E-box core sequence...
July 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758425/new-triterpenoid-saponins-from-the-steaming-treated-roots-of-panax-notoginseng
#15
Cheng-Zhen Gu, Yi-Jun Qiao, Dong Wang, Hong-Tao Zhu, Chong-Ren Yang, Min Xu, Ying-Jun Zhang
Further phytochemical investigation of the steaming treated roots of Panax notoginseng (Araliaceae) led to the identification of two new dammarane-type triterpenoid saponins, notoginsenoside SP20 (1) and SP21 (2). In addition, a pair of new phenolic glycosides (3a and 3b) was also isolated together with two known compounds. Their structures were elucidated by HRESIMS, 1D- and 2D-NMR spectra. Compounds 1 and 2 showed no in vitro cytotoxicity against five human cancer cell lines (HL-60, SMMC-7712, A-549, MCF-9 and SW480)...
July 31, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730971/apoptosis-and-anti-cancer-drug-discovery-the-power-of-medicinal-fungi-and-plants
#16
Jack Ho Wong, Stephen Cho Wing Sze, Tzi Bun Ng, Randy Chi Fai Cheung, Chit Tam, Kalin Yanbo Zhang, Xiuli Dan, Yau Sang Chan, William Chi Shing Cho, Charlene Cheuk Wing Ng, Mary Miu Yee Waye, Weicheng Liang, Jinfang Zhang, Jie Yang, Xiuyun Ye, Juan Lin, Xiujuan Ye, Hexiang Wang, Fang Liu, David Wai Chan, Hextan Yuen Sheung Ngan, Ou Sha, Guohui Li, Ryan Tse, Tak Fu Tse, Helen Chan
The purpose of this account is to review the compounds capable of eliciting mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in cancer cells produced by medicinal fungi and plants. The medicinal fungi discussed encompass Cordyceps, Ganoderma species, Coriolus versicolor and Hypsizygus marmoreus. The medicinal plants discussed comprise Astragalus complanatus , Dendrobium spp,Dioscorea spp, Glycyrrhiza spp, Panax notoginseng, Panax ginseng, and Momordica charantia. These compounds have the potential of development into anticancer drugs...
July 20, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701877/endophytic-fungi-harbored-in-panax-notoginseng-diversity-and-potential-as-biological-control-agents-against-host-plant-pathogens-of%C3%A2-root-rot-disease
#17
You-Kun Zheng, Cui-Ping Miao, Hua-Hong Chen, Fang-Fang Huang, Yu-Mei Xia, You-Wei Chen, Li-Xing Zhao
BACKGROUND: Endophytic fungi play an important role in balancing the ecosystem and boosting host growth. In the present study, we investigated the endophytic fungal diversity of healthy Panax notoginseng and evaluated its potential antimicrobial activity against five major phytopathogens causing root-rot of P. notoginseng. METHODS: A culture-dependent technique, combining morphological and molecular methods, was used to analyze endophytic fungal diversity. A double-layer agar technique was used to challenge the phytopathogens of P...
July 2017: Journal of Ginseng Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687778/evolution-of-the-araliaceae-family-inferred-from-complete-chloroplast-genomes-and-45s-nrdnas-of-10-panax-related-species
#18
Kyunghee Kim, Van Binh Nguyen, Jingzhou Dong, Ying Wang, Jee Young Park, Sang-Choon Lee, Tae-Jin Yang
We produced complete sequences and conducted comparative analysis of the maternally inherited chloroplast (cp) genomes and bi-parentally inherited 45S nuclear ribosomal RNA genes (nrDNA) from ten Araliaceae species to elucidate the genetic diversity and evolution in that family. The cp genomes ranged from 155,993 bp to 156,730 bp with 97.1-99.6% similarity. Complete 45S nrDNA units were about 11 kb including a 5.8-kb 45S cistron. Among 79 cp protein-coding genes, 74 showed nucleotide variations among ten species, of which infA, rpl22, rps19 and ndhE genes showed the highest Ks values and atpF, atpE, ycf2 and rps15 genes showed the highest Ka/Ks values...
July 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632266/proteomic-analysis-reveals-xuesaitong-injection-attenuates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-elevating-pyruvate-dehydrogenase-mediated-aerobic-metabolism
#19
Xiaoping Zhao, Feng Zhang, Yi Wang
Xuesaitong injection (XST), which mainly consists of Panax notoginseng saponins, has been widely used for treating cardio-cerebral vascular diseases. However, the underlying mechanisms of XST associated with its cardioprotective effects are still unclear. To identify the potential target proteins of XST, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE)-based proteomics was utilized to analyze the protein profile of myocardium in rats with myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The differentially expressed proteins were identified by matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry...
July 25, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597423/illumina-based-transcriptomic-profiling-of-panax-notoginseng-in-response-to-arsenic-stress
#20
Yanfang Liu, Yanhua Mi, Jianhua Zhang, Qiwan Li, Lu Chen
BACKGROUND: Panax notoginseng, a famous herbal medicine, has recently attracted great attention on its safety and quality since P. notoginseng can accumulate and tolerate As from growing environment. For the purpose of understanding As damage to the quality of P. notoginseng as well as corresponding tolerance mechanisms, genes involved in As stress response were identified using Illumina sequencing. RESULTS: Totally 91,979,946 clean reads were generated and were de novo assembled into 172,355 unigenes...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
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